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Adsorption of Pb(2+), Cu(2+) and Cd(2+) in FDU-1 silica and FDU-1 silica modified with humic acid

Silva, Luis Carlos Cides da; SANTOS, L. B. O. dos; Abate, Gilberto; Cosentino, Ivana Conte; Fantini, Marcia Carvalho de Abreu; MASINI, J. C.; MATOS, J. R.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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700.8266%
Ordered mesoporous silica with cubic structure, type FDU-1, was synthesized under strong acid media using B-50-6600 poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(butilene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer (EO(39)BO(47)EO(39)) and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS). Humic acid (HA) was modified to the synthesis process at a concentration of 1.5 mmol per gram of SiO(2). Thermogravimetry, small angle X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption and high resolution transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the samples. The pristine FDU-1 and FDU-1 with incorporated 1.5 mmol of HA were tested for adsorption of Pb(2+), Cu(2+) and Cd(2+) in aqueous solution. Incorporation of humic acid into the FDU-1 silica afforded an adsorbent with strong affinity for Cd(2+), Cu(2+) and Pb(2+) from single ion solutions. Adsorption of Cu(2+) was significantly enhanced after incorporation of humic acid, a fact that can be explained by the formation of complexes with carboxylic and phenolic groups at low concentrations of the metal cation. The results demonstrated the potential applicability of FDU-1 with incorporated HA in the removal of low concentrations of heavy metal cations from aqueous solution, such as wastewaters, after usual precipitation of metal hydroxides in alkaline medium and proper pH conditioning in the range between 6 and 7. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Electrocombustion of humic acid and removal of algae from aqueous solutions

LIAO, Andrea A.; SPITZER, Marcos; MOTHEO, Artur J.; BERTAZZOLI, Rodnei
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
688.4575%
This paper reports experiments involving the electrochemical combustion of humic acid (HA) and removal of algae from pond water. An electrochemical flow reactor with a boron-doped diamond film anode was used and constant current experiments were conducted in batch recirculation mode. The mass transfer characteristics of the electrochemical device were determined by voltammetric experiments in the potential region of water stability, followed by a controlled current experiment in the potential region of oxygen evolution. The average mass transfer coefficient was 5.2 x 10(-5) m s(-1). The pond water was then processed to remove HA and algae in the conditions in which the reaction combustion occurred under mass transfer control. To this end, the mass transfer coefficient was used to estimate the initial limiting current density applied in the electrolytic experiments. As expected, all the parameters analyzed here-solution absorbance at 270 nm, total phenol concentration and total organic carbon concentration-decayed according to first-order kinetics. Since the diamond film anode successfully incinerated organic matter, the electrochemical system proved to be predictable and programmable.

Propriedades de complexação e adsorção de partículas de interesse ambiental na presença e ausência de ácido húmico. 1. adsorção de Cd(II) e Pb(II) em vermiculita. 2. adsorção de atrazina e metabólitos em solo; Complexation and adsorption properties of environmentally relevant particles in presence and absence of humic acid. 1. adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) on vermiculite. 2. adsorpton of atrazine and metabolites on soil.

Abate, Gilberto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/02/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
688.4575%
Estudou-se a adsorção de Cd(II) e Pb(II) em uma suspensão de vermiculita 1,0 g L-1 em meio de KNO3 2 e 20 mmoI L-1 em pH 5,0; 6,0 e 7,0 (±0,1). Após um tempo de equilíbrio de 6 h, as suspensões foram centrifugadas e o sobrenadante analisado por voltametria de redissolução anódica em condições de fluxo contínuo na etapa de acumulação. A capacidade de adsorção e afinidade das ligações, avaliadas pelos métodos de Scatchard e Freundlich, foi maior para o Pb(II) do que para o Cd(II), aumentando para ambos os cátions com o aumento do pH e diminuição da força iônica. De modo geral, a incorporação de substância húmica na vermiculita, obtida a partir de uma suspensão 30 mg L-1 de ácido húmico (AH), aumentou a capacidade de adsorção de Pb(II) e Cd(II) nas condições estudadas. Em uma segunda etapa estudou-se a adsorção do herbicida atrazina (AT) e os metabólitos hidróxi-atrazina (HAT), desetil-atrazina (DEA) e desisopropil-atrazina (DIA) em amostra de solo. O estudo foi conduzido em suspensão contendo 1,0 g de solo e 5 mL de solução de CaCI2 0,01 moI L-1 em pH 5,2 ± 0,1, contendo o herbicida e os metabólitos. Após um tempo de equilíbrio de 24 h, as suspensões foram centrifugadas e as soluções analisadas por HPLC. O tratamento de dados pelos métodos de Scatchard e Freundlich revelou a ordem de afinidade e capacidade de adsorção: HAT > AT > DEA =~ DIA...

Isolamento, purificação e estudos de complexação de substâncias húmicas; Isolation, purification and complexation studies of humic substances

Abate, Gilberto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/12/1998 PT
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No presente trabalho focalizou-se a atenção nas propriedades de substâncias húmicas, em particular a fração de ácido húmico (AH), o qual foi obtido de duas fontes, sendo uma comercial e outra isolada de sedimentos do Rio Tietê, coletados no reservatório de Barra Bonita (SP). O isolamento do AH do sedimento foi realizado segundo o procedimento proposto pela Sociedade Internacional de Substâncias Húmicas (S.I.S.H.). Ambas amostras foram caracterizadas em paralelo através de análise elementar, absorção molecular no visível (razão E4/E6) e infravermelho e teores de cinzas. As propriedades ácido-base das amostras foram estudadas por titulação potenciométrica, adotando-se o modelo de distribuição de sítios discretos, empregando-se funções de Gran modificadas para tratamento dos dados. Foi possível caracterizar seis classes de grupos tituláveis em força iônica 0,1 (NaCI), com pKa entre 3 e 10. Constatou-se maior contribuição de grupos carboxílicos (grupos titulados com pKa < 7) do que fenólicos e amínicos em ambas amostras. Os resultados foram comparados com os métodos clássicos do acetato de cálcio e barita, assim como por titulação condutométrica. Estudou-se as propriedades de complexação dos AHs com íons Cu2+...

Estudos de interações hidrofóbicas em substâncias húmicas e componentes do solo utilizando análises espectroscópicas.; Study of hydrophobic interactions in humic substances and soil fractions using spectroscopic analyses.

Simões, Marcelo Luiz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/08/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
515.21277%
A avaliação da ocorrência de interações hidrofóbicas em substâncias húmicas toma-se importante pois este tipo de interação pode afetar a dinâmica e a reatividade de contaminantes apoIares no ambiente e influenciar no controle biogeoquímico do carbono no solo, podendo contribuir para a mitigação do efeito estufa. Entretanto, devido à heterogeneidade química das substâncias húmicas associada à baixa energia envolvida neste tipo de interação, evidências ou detecções experimentais são difíceis. Neste trabalho avaliou-se a ocorrência de interações hidrofóbicas em substâncias húmicas e também em alguns componentes do solo utilizando a metodologia de marcador de spin, detectável por ressonância paramagnética eletrônica, e a supressão de fluorescência. A utilização de diferentes marcadores de spin (TEMPO, 5-SASL, 16-SASL e 5-MSSL) possibilitou avaliar que a interação estabelecida com o ácido húmico é predominantemente hidrofóbica. A forte imobilização do marcado r 5SASL no ácido húmico foi confirmada pela diminuição dos valores da taxa de difusão rotacional obtida por simulação espectral (109 s-1 em água e 106 s-1 em presença do ácido húmico). Da análise do comportamento espectral do marcador de spin...

A structural conformation study of aquatic humic acid

Zara, Luiz F.; Rosa, André H.; Toscano, Ilda A. S.; Rocha, Julio C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1014-1019
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
602.2452%
In the present work, aquatic humic substances (HS) were extracted by use of adsorbent XAD 8 and the acid humic fraction (AH) was separated throught acidification. After being purified by Hyphan resin and dialyze, the aquatic AH was characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The influence of the aquatic HA and electrolyte concentrations, pH and aquatic AH-metal complexation time on the conformation was investigated using UV/Vis spectroscopic studies, employing the equation suggested by Doty and Steiner. The results indicated that the acid humic flexible macromolecule assumes a condensed form at acid and alkaline pH. Other factors favoring condensed conformations are longer metal complexation time (ageing) and higher aquatic AH and electrolyte concentrations. Thus considering the strong influence of the investigated parameters in the structural conformation of the humic macromolecule, we conclude that studies using UV/Vis spectroscopy to estimate the concentration, aromaticity, humification degree of the aquatic AH and so on, require rigorous control over the experimental conditions employed to provide a correct interpretation of the analytical results. ©2006 Sociedade Brasileira de Química.

Controle eletroquimico de acido humico e algas usando um reator com eletrodo de filme de diamante; Electrochemistry control of humic acid and algae using a reactor with diamond film electrode

Andrea Alexandra Junior
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/07/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
698.54875%
A presença de ácidos húmico e o crescimento de algas em água de abastecimento e de piscinas geram subprodutos que são prejudiciais à saúde. Para controlar a concentração de ácidos húmico e algas, este trabalho apresenta um processo de eletro-oxidação usando anodos de diamante dopado com boro (DDB). Neste tratamento, a solução aquosa é percolada através de um reator tipo filtro-prensa, com anodo de DDB polarizado a corrente constante. Para caracterizar a eficiência do tratamento, foram monitoradas as concentrações de carbono orgânico total (COT), fenóis totais (FT), demanda química de oxigênio (DQO), atividade algal através da clorofila a e remoção da cor via UV-Vis. Nos experimentos iniciais, foi utilizada uma solução contendo apenas fenol. O reator foi operado em condições de controle da velocidade da reação de oxidação por transporte de massa. Com isso, obteve-se o coeficiente de transporte de massa do reator eletroquímico da ordem de 10-5 m s-1. A seguir, foram realizados experimentos em modo galvanostático, com volume de 3 L de água destilada, vazão de 820 L h-1, densidade de corrente constante igual a 30 mA cm-2, pH 7,2, temperatura de 30ºC, com adição de K2SO4 para obter uma condutividade de 20 mS. Neste eletrólito foram adicionados 50 mg L-1 de ácido húmico. Nestas condições...

Electrocombustion of humic acid and removal of algae from aqueous solutions

LIAO, Andrea A.; SPITZER, Marcos; MOTHEO, Artur J.; BERTAZZOLI, Rodnei
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
688.4575%
This paper reports experiments involving the electrochemical combustion of humic acid (HA) and removal of algae from pond water. An electrochemical flow reactor with a boron-doped diamond film anode was used and constant current experiments were conducted in batch recirculation mode. The mass transfer characteristics of the electrochemical device were determined by voltammetric experiments in the potential region of water stability, followed by a controlled current experiment in the potential region of oxygen evolution. The average mass transfer coefficient was 5.2 x 10(-5) m s(-1). The pond water was then processed to remove HA and algae in the conditions in which the reaction combustion occurred under mass transfer control. To this end, the mass transfer coefficient was used to estimate the initial limiting current density applied in the electrolytic experiments. As expected, all the parameters analyzed here-solution absorbance at 270 nm, total phenol concentration and total organic carbon concentration-decayed according to first-order kinetics. Since the diamond film anode successfully incinerated organic matter, the electrochemical system proved to be predictable and programmable.

Interaction of Moringa oleifera seed lectin with humic acid

Santos, Andréa F. S.; Carneiro-da-Cunha, Maria G.; Teixeira, J. A.; Paiva, Patrícia M. G.; Coelho, L. C. B. B.; Nogueira, R.
Fonte: Versita Publicador: Versita
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/07/2011 ENG
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The aim of this work was to characterise the affinity of protein preparations from Moringa oleifera seeds, specifically extract (seeds homogenised with 0.15 M NaCl), fraction (extract precipitated with 390 mg mL−1 of ammonium sulphate) and cMoL (coagulant M. oleifera lectin) to bind humic acids using a haemagglutinating activity assay with rabbit erythrocytes and a radial diffusion assay in agarose gel. Specific haemagglutinating activity (SHA) decreased by 94 % for the extract and cMoL and by 50 % for the fraction in the presence of humic acid. Precipitation bands were observed in the diffusion gel. Both results suggested humic acid-cMoL binding. Carbohydrates, potassium, and calcium ions and pH affected the SHA of cMoL. As an example of application, cMoL was immobilised on a column packed with sepharose receiving 20 mg mL−1 of carbon humic acid solution, 30 mg of humic acid per gram of support was removed. This result suggested that protein preparations might be used in water treatment to remove humic acids.

Possible disruption of pheromonal communication by humic acid in the goldfish, Carassius auratus

Barata, Eduardo N.
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 621568 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
612.5708%
Humic acids are large, complex, organic molecules which are ubiquitous components of aquatic environments as products of degradation of plant material. In aqueous solution they form microvesicles. As many teleost pheromones are steroidal in nature, we hypothesised that they would preferentially dissolve in the organic, hydrophobic core of these vesicles instead of in water and therefore be unavailable for detection. This would have obvious and profound effects on many aspects of fish biology. To test this hypothesis we recorded electro-olfactogram (EOG) response of the goldfish (Carassius auratus) olfactory epithelium to the pheromones 17alpha,20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20beta-P), its sulphated conjugate (17,20beta-P-SO4) and prostaglandin F-2alpha (PGF(2alpha)), all at 10(-11) to 10(-8) M, in the absence and presence of humic acids (1-1000 mg l(-1)). At nearly all concentrations of humic acid tested, there was a significant attenuation of the amplitude of the initial (phasic) response to 17,20beta-P compared to 17,20beta-P alone. At higher concentrations of humic acid, the EOG response to 17,20beta-P was often completely obliterated, suggesting that the concentration of the pheromone available to the olfactory epithelium was below the threshold of detection. Exposure of the olfactory epithelium to humic acid did not cause any short-term loss of sensitivity to 17...

Biostimulation of inoculation with Glomus proliferum and application of humic acid in the in vitro growth of Lunularia cruciata

Nobre,Camila Pinheiro; Huertas,Orlando Carlos Tavares; Tardin,José Rogério Figueira; Saggin Júnior,Orivaldo José; Fonseca,Henrique Manoel Apolónia Coutinho; Berbara,Ricardo Luis Louro
Fonte: Sociedade Botânica do Brasil Publicador: Sociedade Botânica do Brasil
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
585.28484%
In this study, we evaluated the growth of the liverwort Lunularia cruciata, inoculated or not with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) Glomus proliferum (15 spores per Petri dish), in Strullu-Romand Variant (SRV) medium modified and enriched with humic acid (HA) at different concentrations (0, 20, 40 and 80 mg C L−1), as well as the sporulation of the AMF. We assessed the absolute growth rate (AGR) and relative growth rate (RGR) at inoculation, as well as at 7, 14, 21, 28, 43, 52 and 60 days after inoculation (DAI), whereas we assessed sporulation at 25, 43, 60 and 70 DAI. The main determinant of L. cruciata growth was the presence of AMF. With and without G. proliferum inoculation, respectively, the AGR peaked at 39 and 42 DAI, and the RGR was 0.0474 and 0.0387 cm² cm−2 d−1. Doses of 20 and 80 mg C L−1 of HA had a positive influence on the growth of L. cruciata. With and without HA, respectively, the AGR peaked at 38 and 39 DAI, and the RGR was 0.0484 and 0.0422 cm² cm−2 d−1. The sporulation of G. proliferum, which was as high as 199 spores plate−1, was influenced by HA, especially at 20 and 80 mg C L−1.

Model compounds of humic acid and oxovanadium cations. Potentiometric titration and EPR spectroscopy studies

Mercê,Ana Lucia Ramalho; Spir,Ivana Helena Zamuner; Oruña Salmón,Maria José; Giannoni,Ricardo Alberto; Mangrich,Antonio Sálvio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/1999 EN
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592.6877%
The stability constants and the isotropic EPR parameters Ao (hyperfine splitting constant) and g o (g value) were obtained by potentiometric titrations and EPR spectroscopy, respectively, of 85%v/v aqueous solutions of model compounds of humic acids - salicylic acid (SALA) - and both nitrohumic acids, a laboratory artifact - nitrosalicylic acids, 3-nitrosalicylic acid (3-NSA), 5-nitrosalicylic acid (5-NSA) and 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid (3,5-DNSA) and oxovanadium cations. It was possible to record EPR spectra of those model compounds and the ion VO2+ (V(IV)), and the stability constants were obtained from a solution of VO3+ (V(V)), the values for the logarithms of the stability constants ranging from 12.77 ± 0.04 to 7.06 ± 0.05 for the species ML, and from 9.90 ±0.04 to 4.06 ± 0.05 for the species ML2 according to the decrease in the acidity of the carboxylic and the hydroxyl groups in the aromatic ring of the model compounds studied as the -NO2 substituents were added. Species distribution diagrams were also obtained for the equilibria studied. The EPR parameters showed that as the logarithm of the overall stability constants increase, g o values also increase, while Ao values show a tendency to decrease.

Acid-basic and complexation properties of a sedimentary humic acid. A study on the Barra Bonita reservoir of Tietê river, São Paulo State, Brazil

Abate,Gilberto; Masini,Jorge C.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
692.6877%
Acid-base and complexation properties of humic acid (HA) isolated from a river sediment were studied by potentiometric titration, adopting the discrete site distribution model and the modified Gran functions for data fitting. Six classes of titratable groups were characterized, with pKa values between 2.4 and 10.2. Carboxylic groups accounted for 66% of the total of ionizable sites. The complexing properties were studied with regard to Cu2+, Pb2+, Cd2+ and Zn2+ ions by potentiometric titration using Cu ion selective electrode, or amalgam electrodes (Pb, Cd and Zn). The data treatment by the Scatchard method revealed two binding sites for copper and lead and one binding site for cadmium and zinc. The average stability constants were in the following order: log KHA-Cu > log KHA-Pb > log KHA-Cd @ log KHA-Zn, while the complexing capacity order, Cc, was: Pb > Cu > Cd @ Zn.

A structural conformation study of aquatic humic acid

Zara,Luiz F.; Rosa,André H.; Toscano,Ilda A. S.; Rocha,Julio C.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
602.2452%
In the present work, aquatic humic substances (HS) were extracted by use of adsorbent XAD 8 and the acid humic fraction (AH) was separated throught acidification. After being purified by Hyphan resin and dialyze, the aquatic AH was characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The influence of the aquatic HA and electrolyte concentrations, pH and aquatic AH-metal complexation time on the conformation was investigated using UV/Vis spectroscopic studies, employing the equation suggested by Doty and Steiner. The results indicated that the acid humic flexible macromolecule assumes a condensed form at acid and alkaline pH. Other factors favoring condensed conformations are longer metal complexation time ("ageing") and higher aquatic AH and electrolyte concentrations. Thus considering the strong influence of the investigated parameters in the structural conformation of the humic macromolecule, we conclude that studies using UV/Vis spectroscopy to estimate the concentration, aromaticity, humification degree of the aquatic AH and so on, require rigorous control over the experimental conditions employed to provide a correct interpretation of the analytical results.

Electrochemical removal of CuII in the presence of humic acid

Barbosa,Claudomiro P.; Malpass,Geoffroy R. P.; Miwa,Douglas W.; Gomes,Luciano; Bertazzoli,Rodnei; Motheo,Artur J.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
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695.2619%
The removal of CuII (10 mg L-1) complexed by commercial humic acid (100 mg L-1) was studied at different current densities (30-80 mA cm-2) using a filter-press cell, Ti/Ru0.3Ti0.7O2 anode and stainless steel cathode. The electrolyses were performed with and without membrane separating the cell compartments [(homogeneous anionic (Nafion R117), heterogeneous cationic (Ionac MC-3470) and heterogeneous anionic (Ionac MA-3475)]. The influence of the membrane on the rate of CuII removal was bigger for cationic membranes. Current efficiencies up to ca. 55% (Ionac MC-3470) for CuII removal at 30 mA cm-2 were obtained. By combining oxidation and reduction, 100% CuII removal was achieved at current efficiencies of 75%. The main path for the removal is the electrostatic interaction with the anode followed by diffusion through the membrane and deposition at the cathode. Additionally, the oxidative degradation of humic acid contributes to the rate of CuII removal.

Electron paramagnetic resonance characterization of a humic acid-type polymer model

Barriquello,Marcilene F.; Saab,Sergio da Costa; Consolin Filho,Nelson; Martin-Neto,Ladislau
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
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705.2514%
Humic acid-type polymer models have been shown to be similar to natural humic acids (HA) in terms of chemical properties. Due to the complexity of humic substances (HS), this humic acid-type polymer models, in which the ligand sites are better defined, can be used in the study of metals and for other applications. In this study, a polymer with characteristics analogous to those of humic acids isolated from soil surface cultivated using a no-tillage system for nine years, was obtained by means of synthesis reactions, through oxidative polymerization in an alkaline medium using para-benzoquinone as precursor. An EPR spectroscopy study was made of natural humic acids (HA) and synthetic humic acids (SHA). A semiquinone-type free radical signal was detected in the SHA. The spectra showed similar signals for HA from soil and synthetic HA complexed with Fe3+, Cu2+ and Mn2+ ions.

Estudo do potencial de remoção de substâncias húmicas na água com aplicação de enzimas fúngicas; Study of potential removal of humic substances in the water with application fungal enzymes

CAMPOS, Rykelly Faria
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Engenharia do Meio Ambiente; Engenharias Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Engenharia do Meio Ambiente; Engenharias
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The humic substance (SHs), organic matter in different stages of degradation are formed during the decomposition of plant and animal residues in the environment, it is important to remove them, as they can give undesirable characteristics to the water distributed. The use of microorganisms such as fungi, for this removal are extremely important, since their role in sanitation is to act on processing organic waste, where they function as recyclers of matter in different ecosystems. This work aimed to study the production of phenol oxidase enzymes, peroxidases white decomposition by fungi (Trametes villosa and Pycnoporus sanguineus) for the removal of HSs in the water. The work was divided into parts: extracted, purified and characterized the humic and fulvic acids, was placed just after the HSs in water and we used the fungal enzymes for their removal, tests were also performed in the Jar Test. Analysis of the composition of HSs (characterization) and verification of degradation was performed by spectrophotometry in the ultraviolet and visible region, and infrared spectroscopy, by determining the enzyme production. The extraction method used was effective in the separation of humic and fulvic acids, the spectra of extracted humic acids showed carboxylic groups...

Structure of Humic Substances from Some Regions of the Amazon Assessed Coupling 3D Fluorescence Spectroscopy and CP/PARAFAC

Santos,Cleber H.; Nicolodelli,Gustavo; Romano,Renan A.; Tadini,Amanda M.; Villas-Boas,Paulino R.; Montes,Célia R.; Mounier,Stephane; Milori,Débora M. B. P.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
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598.97023%
The Amazon rainforest presents one of the greater biodiversity in the world and a huge and dynamic carbon reservoir, both in the vegetation and in the soil pools, so it is an attractive subject of study. In the present paper, humic acids from a toposequence of an Oxisol-Spodosol system associated with kaolin was studied using fluorescence emission-excitation matrix combined with parallel factor analysis. The combined techniques allowed to assess the intensities of the two different fluorophores associated with humic acid with core consistency diagnoses of 84.2%. The results for the Humiluvic Spodosol seem to corroborate the model of the supramolecular structure of humic acid, because the intensity ratio of fluorophores does not remain in the profile. Therefore, the use of these combined techniques can provide information about the transformation processes of humic substances in soils, becoming an interesting analytical tool for studying these substances of different soils.

A direct potentiometric titration study of the dissociation of humic acid with selectively blocked functional groups

Andjelkovic,T.; Perovic,J.; Purenovic,M.; Blagojevic,S.; Nikolic,R.; Andjelkovic,D.; Bojic,A.
Fonte: Fundação Editora da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP Publicador: Fundação Editora da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 EN
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A direct potentiometric titration method was applied to commercial and soil humic acids in order to determine their carboxyl and phenol group concentrations and apparent and intrinsic pK. In that context, acid-base properties of humic acids are interpreted by selective blocking of carboxylic and phenolic groups by esterification and acetylation. Differences in underivatized and derivatized HA's acid-base properties are ascribed to carboxyl and phenol groups influence on total humic acidity. Potentiometric data were treated with the modified Henderson-Hasselbalch equation. Infra red results, the acidic group contents and the average values of apparent and intrinsic pK for underivatized and derivatized HAs confirmed the selectivity of esterification derivatization method. After blocking of the functional groups, the values of acidic group contents decreased, while the value of apparent pK increased after derivatization. Phenol groups cannot be specifically identified by the acetylation method, due to low selectivity of the acetylation method.

Humic acid as a model for natural organic matter (NOM) in the removal of odorants from water by cyclodextrin polyurethanes

Mamba,BB; Krause,RW; Malefetse,TJ; Sithole,SP; Nkambule,TI
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
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Current practices in some water-treatment facilities have reported that natural organic matter (NOM) blocks the adsorption sites of activated carbon resulting in lower geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB) removal. Humic acid has been reported to compete with geosmin and 2-MIB removal in the same way. The removal of odour chemicals such as geosmin and 2-MIB is important for potable-water treatment by water supply companies and municipalities. We have previously demonstrated that cyclodextrin polyurethanes are capable of removing a number of organic pollutants from water, but are not able to reduce the levels of NOM significantly. We wished to determine if the polymers would selectively remove geosmin and 2-MIB, despite the presence of NOM. Humic acid was chosen as a model for NOM since NOM constitutes about 70% of humic acid. Results obtained from this study indicate that the presence of humic acids at different concentrations could not affect the removal of geosmin and 2-MIB when cyclodextrin polymers were used since 90% removal was achieved. However the UV-Vis analysis showed a low removal of humic acids (3 to 20%).