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Determinação da energia de ativação em hidrogéis poliméricos a partir de dados termogravimétricos; Determination of activation energy in polymeric hydrogels using thermogravimetric analysis

HORN, Marilia M.; MARTINS, Virginia C. A.; PLEPIS, Ana M. de G.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Polímeros Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Polímeros
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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Curvas termogravimétricas com diferentes razões de aquecimento foram utilizadas para a determinação de parâmetros cinéticos seguindo o método de Flynn-Wall. Para isso, foi utilizado um hidrogel preparado a partir da mistura de dois polissacarídeos, quitosana/xantana (QX) e outro, contendo além destes, colágeno (QXC). Os resultados mostraram que o valor de energia de ativação para o hidrogel QX foi de 3,44 kJ.mol-1, enquanto que para o QXC foi de 14,84 kJ.mol-1, sugerindo que a água presente no hidrogel contendo colágeno está mais fortemente ligada aos biopolímeros. Isto pode ter ocorrido devido à presença de grupos carboxílicos na estrutura colagênica.; Polyelectrolyte hydrogels formed by chitosan/xanthan (QX) and chitosan/xanthan/collagen (QXC) were prepared and thermogravimetric curves at different heating rates were obtained, with the aim of determining kinetic parameters using the Flynn-Wall method. The calculated activation energy was 3.44 kJ.mol-1 (QX ) and 14.84 kJ.mol-1 (QXC), suggesting stronger interactions in QXC hydrogel structure than in the QX hydrogel, probably due to the presence of carboxyl groups of collagen molecules.; Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa (CNPq)

Estudos termoanalíticos dos edulcorantes acessulfame-K, aspartame, ciclamato, esteviosídeo e sacarina; Thermoanalytical studies of the sweeteners acesulfame-K, aspartame, ciclamate, stevioside and sacharine

Carvalho, Lucinéia Cristina de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/07/2007 PT
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Neste trabalho, estudou-se a decomposição térmica dos edulcorantes não calóricos acessulfame-K, aspartame, ciclamato de sódio, esteviosídeo, sacarina e sacarina sódica de crescente uso na indústria alimentícia. Para tanto, essas amostras foram submetidas à análise por TG, DTG DTA e DSC, após caracterização por análise elementar e por IV. Após recristalização dos compostos comerciais ciclamato de sódio e sacarina sódica, observou-se nas curvas TG a presença de águas de hidratação no aspartame e na sacarina sódica. Nesta última, a primeira água é muito volátil e pode ser eliminada na secagem. O esteviosídeo apresentou umidade. Os intermediários e os resíduos dos mesmos foram caracterizados por IV e quando necessário por difração de raios X. De maneira geral os compostos apresentaram decomposição com formação de resíduo carbonizado e geração de sulfato de potássio, no caso do acessulfame-K e sulfato de sódio na sacarina e ciclamato de sódio. Estudos de cinética de decomposição em fase sólida foram realizados para o aspartame e sacarina, pois estes não apresentavam sobreposição de eventos. Os estudos cinéticos para decomposição térmica usando o método de Flynn-Wall-Ozawa só puderam ser realizados para o aspartame resultando em log A = 23...

Estudo das propriedades físico-químicas da poliuretana derivada do óleo de mamona com potencial aplicação na área médica; Study of physical chemical properties of polyurethane derived from castor oil potential application in the medical

Pereira, Paulo Henrique Leuteviler
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/05/2010 PT
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O presente trabalho envolve um estudo das propriedades físico-químicas de uma poliuretana obtida a partir do óleo de mamona, desenvolvida pelo Grupo de Química Analítica e Tecnologia de Polímeros do Instituto de Química de São Carlos - USP. Este polímero apresenta-se como um material biocompatível, possuindo em sua estrutura molecular, segmentos derivados do óleo de mamona, um material renovável e de origem natural. Neste trabalho foram preparadas poliuretanas em diferentes proporções de pré-polímero e poliol. A caracterização das amostras foi realizada através das seguintes técnicas: espectroscopia de absorção na região do infravermelho, análise térmica (termogravimetria, estudo cinético de decomposição térmica por TG usando o método de Flynn-Wall-Ozawa e análise dinâmico-mecânica) e ensaio mecânico de resistência à tração. As propriedades avaliadas por termogravimetria, análise dinâmico-mecânica e ensaios de resistência à tração demonstram considerável influência com as mudanças nas proporções de pré-polímero e poliol adotadas, assim como, do poliol. A partir dos resultados das curvas termogravimétricas foi observado que o aumento do pré-polímero na proporção pré-polímero/poliol aumenta a perda de massa do primeiro evento de decomposição térmica da poliuretana. Assim como...

Thermogravimetric studies of decomposition kinetics of six different IAC Hevea rubber clones using Flynn-Wall-Ozawa approach

Moreno, RMB; de Medeiros, E. S.; Ferreira, F. C.; Alves, Neri; Goncalves, P. S.; Mattoso, LHC
Fonte: Maney Publishing Publicador: Maney Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 15-21
ENG
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The thermal degradation behaviour of rubber from six new Hevea brasiliensis clones (IAC 40, 56, 300, 301, 302 and 303) from São Paulo State, Brazil was studied by thermogravimetry using the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa approach to assess the kinetic parameters ( reaction order, activation energy and pre-exponential factor) of the decomposition process. This study indicated that the thermal behaviour is a complex multiple step process, which depends on the type of rubber Hevea clones studied. The rubber from these clones can be classified, following the order of decreasing thermal stability, as IAC 303 > 302 > 56 > 40 > 300 > 301.

Effect of the catalyst MCM-41 on the kinetic of the thermal decomposition of poly(ethylene terephthalate)

Araujo, Sulene A.; Araujo, Antonio S.; Fernandes, Nedja S.; Fernandes, Valter J.; Ionashiro, Massao
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 465-469
ENG
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Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); The aim of this work is to determine the activation energy for the thermal decomposition of poly (ethylene terephthalate)-PET, in the presence of a MCM-41 mesoporous catalyst. This material was synthesized by the hydrothermal method, using cetyltrimethylammonium as template. The PET sample has been submitted to thermal degradation alone and in presence of MCM-41 catalyst at a concentration of 25% in mass (MCM-41/PET). The degradation process was evaluated by thermogravimetry, at temperature range from 350 to 500 degrees C, under nitrogen atmosphere, with heating rates of 5, 10 and 25 degrees C min(-1). From TG, the activation energy, determined using the Flynn-Wall kinetic method, decreased from 231 kJ mol(-1), for the pure polymer (PET), to 195 kJ mol(-1), in the presence of the material (MCM-41/PET), showing the catalyst efficiency for the polymer decomposition process.

Estudo térmico e caracterização química de amostras de resíduos sólidos de aterro sanitário

Almeida, Sonia de
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 107 f. : il.
POR
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Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Pós-graduação em Química - IQ; Os resíduos sólidos domiciliares são classificados como IIA de acordo com a ABNT (NBR 10004, 2004), que são resíduos não inertes. A pesquisa de campo foi realizada no aterro sanitário de São Carlos, em duas etapas: a primeira, em 2004 e a segunda, em 2006, cujo objetivo central foi a amostragem de resíduos dispostos entre o anos de 1999 até 2006. A fração orgânica dos resíduos domiciliares dispostos em aterros sanitários, sofre decomposição e gera o biogás e o chorume, que são fontes de poluição. As amostras foram retiradas do aterro em várias células de diversos anos, que após tratamentos, foram submetidas à análise de metais, difratometria de raios X, determinação da Demanda Química de Oxigênio e a determinação dos parâmetros cinéticos utilizando o método isoconversional de Flynn-Wall-Ozawa e determinação da alcalinidade total. As diferenças de alcalinidade encontradas nas amostras se devem às diferentes etapas de degradação da matéria orgânica presentes nos resíduos coletados no aterro sanitário. As curvas termogravimétricas (TG) e as curvas termogravimentricas derivadas (DTG) obtidas nessa pesquisa...

Degradacao termica e catalitica da borra oleosa de Petroleo com materiais nanoestruturados al-mcm-41 e AL-SBA-15

Paulino, Ana Adalgisa Dias
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia do Petróleo; Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento em Ciência e Engenharia de Petróleo Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia do Petróleo; Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento em Ciência e Engenharia de Petróleo
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Aiming to reduce and reuse waste oil from oily sludge generated in large volumes by the oil industry, types of nanostructured materials Al-MCM-41 and Al-SBA-15, with ratios of Si / Al = 50, were synthesized , and calcined solids used as catalysts in the degradation of oily sludge thermocatalytic oil from oilfield Canto do Amaro, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. Samples of nanostructured materials were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TG / DTG), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), absorption spectroscopy in the infrared Fourier transform (FT-IR) and adsorption nitrogen (BET). The characterization showed that the synthesized materials resulted in a catalyst nanostructure, and ordered pore diameter and surface area according to existing literature. The oily sludge sample was characterized by determining the API gravity and sulfur content and SARA analysis (saturates, aromatics, resins and asphaltenes). The results showed a material equivalent to the average oil with API gravity of 26.1, a low sulfur content and considerable amount of resins and asphaltenes, presented above in the literature. The thermal and catalytic degradation of the oily sludge oil was performed from room temperature to 870 ° C in the ratios of heating of 5...

Degradação térmica e catalítica do resíduo atmosférico de petróleo (RAT), utilizando materiais nanoestruturados do tipo SBA-15

Castro, Kesia Kelly Vieira de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química; Físico-Química; Química Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química; Físico-Química; Química
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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In this work were synthesized and characterized the materials mesoporous SBA-15 and Al- SBA-15, Si / Al = 25, 50 and 75, discovered by researchers at the University of California- Santa Barbara, USA, with pore diameters ranging from 2 to 30 nm and wall thickness from 3.1 to 6.4 nm, making these promising materials in the field of catalysis, particularly for petroleum refining (catalytic cracking), as their mesopores facilitate access of the molecules constituting the oil to active sites, thereby increasing the production of hydrocarbons in the range of light and medium. To verify that the materials used as catalysts were successfully synthesized, they were characterized using techniques of X-ray diffraction (XRD), absorption spectroscopy in the infrared Fourier transform (FT-IR) and adsorption nitrogen (BET). Aiming to check the catalytic activity thereof, a sample of atmospheric residue oil (ATR) from the pole Guamaré-RN was performed the process by means of thermogravimetry and thermal degradation of catalytic residue. Upon the curves, it was observed a reduction in the onset temperature of the decomposition process of catalytic ATR. For the kinetic model proposed by Flynn-Wall yielded some parameters to determine the apparent activation energy of decomposition...

Kl₃ form factor with Nf = 2+1 dynamical domain wall fermions; K(l3) form factor with N(f) = 2+1 dynamical domain wall fermions

Boyle, P.; Flynn, J.; Juttner, A.; Kenway, R.; Sachrajda, C.; Sasaki, S.; Soni, A.; Tweedie, R.; Zanotti, J.
Fonte: Institute of Physics Publishing; UK Publicador: Institute of Physics Publishing; UK
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2008 EN
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We present the latest results from the UKQCD/RBC collaborations for the K(sub)l3 form factor from simulations with 2 + 1 flavours of dynamical domain wall quarks. Simulations are performed on lattices with two different volumes and four values of the light quark mass, allowing for an extrapolation to the chiral limit. The analysis includes a thorough investigation into the sources of systematic error in our fits. After interpolating to zero momentum transfer, we obtain f₊(0) = 0.964(5) (or Δf = -0.013(5)) which, when combined with the latest experimental results for K(sub)l3 decays, leads to |V(sub)us| = 0.2249(14).; P A Boyle, J M Flynn, A Jüttner, R D Kenway, C T Sachrajda, S Sasaki, A Soni, R J Tweedie and J M Zanotti

The kaon semileptonic form factor with near physical domain wall quarks

Boyle, P.; Flynn, J.; Garron, N.; Juttner, A.; Sachrajda, C.; Sivalingam, K.; Zanotti, J.
Fonte: Institute of Physics Publishing Publicador: Institute of Physics Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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RBC/UKQCD collaboration, P.A. Boyle, J.M. Flynn, N. Garron, A. Jüttner, C.T. Sachrajda, K. Sivalingam, and J.M. Zanotti

Síntese, caracterização e estudo cinético da degradação de quitosana impregnada em SBA-15

Santos, Adriana Paula Batista dos
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química; Físico-Química; Química Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química; Físico-Química; Química
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The recent interest in obtaining functionalized nanoporous materials for applications such as heterogeneous catalysts and adsorption of CO2 has increased today. In the latter application, the introduction of amino groups such as present in the chitosan (CS), in the nanoporous materials like SBA-15 to generate specific interactions with CO2 has gained importance. In this work were performed to hydrothermal synthesis of SBA-15 and subsequent impregnation of the CS in the support mesoporous by the method of the wet impregnation. The materials were characterized by TG/DTG, DSC, XRD, SEM, FTIR and adsorption / desorption of N2. The XRD showed that the ordered structure of the support SBA-15 was preserved after the impregnation and calculations have shown that the average pore diameter (Dp) and / or the average wall thickness (wt) have been changed due to introduction of the CS in the samples functionalized. The curves of TG and DSC data corroborates the XRD, indicating the presence of CS in the nanoporous structure of SBA-15, as well as micrographs of samples, which allowed the display state of aggregation of the material obtained. The characteristics of bands absorption in the region of the CS in the FTIR were identified and interpreted in the samples functionalized...

One-loop operator matching in the static heavy and domain-wall light quark system with O(a) improvement

Ishikawa, Tomomi; Aoki, Yasumichi; Flynn, Jonathan M.; Izubuchi, Taku; Loktik, Oleg
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We discuss perturbative O(g^2a) matching with static heavy quarks and domain-wall light quarks for lattice operators relevant to B-meson decays and $B^0$-$\bar{B}^0$ mixing. The chiral symmetry of the light domain-wall quarks does not prohibit operator mixing at O(a) for these operators. The O(a) corrections to physical quantities are non-negligible and must be included to obtain high-precision simulation results for CKM physics. We provide results using plaquette, Symanzik, Iwasaki and DBW2 gluon actions and applying APE, HYP1 and HYP2 link-smearing for the static quark action.; Comment: 79 pages, LaTeX in JHEP style, v3: notation refined, Appendix E newly added, agree with published version

B-meson decay constants from 2+1-flavor lattice QCD with domain-wall light quarks and relativistic heavy quarks

Christ, Norman H.; Flynn, Jonathan M.; Izubuchi, Taku; Kawanai, Taichi; Lehner, Christoph; Soni, Amarjit; Van de Water, Ruth S.; Witzel, Oliver
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We calculate the B-meson decay constants f_B, f_Bs, and their ratio in unquenched lattice QCD using domain-wall light quarks and relativistic b-quarks. We use gauge-field ensembles generated by the RBC and UKQCD collaborations using the domain-wall fermion action and Iwasaki gauge action with three flavors of light dynamical quarks. We analyze data at two lattice spacings of a ~ 0.11, 0.086 fm with unitary pion masses as light as M_pi ~ 290 MeV; this enables us to control the extrapolation to the physical light-quark masses and continuum. For the b-quarks we use the anisotropic clover action with the relativistic heavy-quark interpretation, such that discretization errors from the heavy-quark action are of the same size as from the light-quark sector. We renormalize the lattice heavy-light axial-vector current using a mostly nonperturbative method in which we compute the bulk of the matching factor nonperturbatively, with a small correction, that is close to unity, in lattice perturbation theory. We also improve the lattice heavy-light current through O(alpha_s a). We extrapolate our results to the physical light-quark masses and continuum using SU(2) heavy-meson chiral perturbation theory, and provide a complete systematic error budget. We obtain f_B0 = 199.5(12.6) MeV...

Continuum Limit Physics from 2+1 Flavor Domain Wall QCD

Aoki, Y.; Arthur, R.; Blum, T.; Boyle, P. A.; Brommel, D.; Christ, N. H.; Dawson, C.; Flynn, J. M.; Izubuchi, T.; Jin, X-Y.; Jung, C.; Kelly, C.; Li, M.; Lichtl, A.; Lightman, M.; Lin, M. F.; Mawhinney, R. D.; Maynard, C. M.; Ohta, S.; Pendleton, B. J.; S
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We present physical results obtained from simulations using 2+1 flavors of domain wall quarks and the Iwasaki gauge action at two values of the lattice spacing $a$, ($a^{-1}$=\,1.73\,(3)\,GeV and $a^{-1}$=\,2.28\,(3)\,GeV). On the coarser lattice, with $24^3\times 64\times 16$ points, the analysis of ref.[1] is extended to approximately twice the number of configurations. The ensembles on the finer $32^3\times 64\times 16$ lattice are new. We explain how we use lattice data obtained at several values of the lattice spacing and for a range of quark masses in combined continuum-chiral fits in order to obtain results in the continuum limit and at physical quark masses. We implement this procedure at two lattice spacings, with unitary pion masses in the approximate range 290--420\,MeV (225--420\,MeV for partially quenched pions). We use the masses of the $\pi$ and $K$ mesons and the $\Omega$ baryon to determine the physical quark masses and the values of the lattice spacing. While our data are consistent with the predictions of NLO SU(2) chiral perturbation theory, they are also consistent with a simple analytic ansatz leading to an inherent uncertainty in how best to perform the chiral extrapolation that we are reluctant to reduce with model-dependent assumptions about higher order corrections. Our main results include $f_\pi=124(2)_{\rm stat}(5)_{\rm syst}$\...

The kaon semileptonic form factor with near physical domain wall quarks

Boyle, Peter A.; Flynn, Jonathan M.; Garron, Nicolas; Juttner, Andreas; Sachrajda, Chris T.; Sivalingam, Karthee; Zanotti, James M.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/05/2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We present a new calculation of the K->pi semileptonic form factor at zero momentum transfer in domain wall lattice QCD with Nf=2+1 dynamical quark flavours. By using partially twisted boundary conditions we simulate directly at the phenomenologically relevant point of zero momentum transfer. We perform a joint analysis for all available ensembles which include three different lattice spacings (a=0.09-0.14fm), large physical volumes (m_pi*L>3.9) and pion masses as low as 171 MeV. The comprehensive set of simulation points allows for a detailed study of systematic effects leading to the prediction f+(0)=0.9670(20)(+18/-46), where the first error is statistical and the second error systematic. The result allows us to extract the CKM-matrix element |Vus|=0.2237(+13/-8) and confirm first-row CKM-unitarity in the Standard Model at the sub per mille level.; Comment: 16 apges, 5 figures

The First Moment of the Kaon Distribution Amplitude from N_f=2+1 Domain Wall Fermions

Boyle, P. A.; Donnellan, M. A.; Flynn, J. M.; Juttner, A.; Noaki, J.; Sachrajda, C. T.; Tweedie, R. J.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/10/2006
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We present a lattice computation of the first moment of the kaon's leading-twist distribution amplitude. We use ensembles with 2+1 dynamical flavours of domain wall fermions and the Iwasaki gauge action from the RBC and UKQCD joint dataset. We observe the expected chiral behaviour and obtain <\xi>(2GeV)=3/5a_K^1(2GeV)=0.032(3), which agrees very well with other results obtained using QCD sum-rules and the recent lattice result from the UKQCD/QCDSF collaboration.; Comment: Talk at Lattice 2006; to be published in Proceedings Of Science as POS(LAT2006)111. 7 pages; 1 figures

Neutral B-meson mixing from unquenched lattice QCD with domain-wall light quarks and static b-quarks

Albertus, Conrado; Aoki, Yasumichi; Boyle, Peter A.; Christ, Norman H.; Dumitrescu, Thomas T.; Flynn, Jonathan M.; Ishikawa, Tomomi; Izubuchi, Taku; Loktik, Oleg; Sachrajda, Christopher T.; Soni, Amarjit; Van de Water, Ruth S.; Wennekers, Jan; Witzel, Oli
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/01/2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We demonstrate a method for calculating the neutral B-meson decay constants and mixing matrix elements in unquenched lattice QCD with domain-wall light quarks and static b-quarks. Our computation is performed on the "2+1" flavor gauge configurations generated by the RBC and UKQCD Collaborations with a lattice spacing of a approx 0.11 fm (a^-1 = 1.729 GeV) and a lattice spatial volume of approximately (1.8 fm)^3. We simulate at three different light sea quark masses with pion masses down to approximately 430 MeV, and extrapolate to the physical quark masses using a phenomenologically-motivated fit function based on next-to-leading order heavy-light meson SU(2) chiral perturbation theory. For the b-quarks, we use an improved formulation of the Eichten-Hill action with static link-smearing to increase the signal-to-noise ratio. We also improve the heavy-light axial current used to compute the B-meson decay constant to O(alpha_s p a) using one-loop lattice perturbation theory. We present initial results for the SU(3)-breaking ratios f_{B_s}/f_{B_d} and xi = f_{B_s} sqrt{B_{B_s}}/f_{B_d} sqrt{B_{B_d}}, thereby demonstrating the viability of the method. For the ratio of decay constants, we find f_{B_s}/f_{B_d} = 1.15(12) and for the ratio of mixing matrix elements...

The kaon semileptonic form factor in Nf=2+1 domain wall lattice QCD with physical light quark masses

Boyle, Peter A.; Christ, Norman H.; Flynn, Jonathan M.; Garron, Nicolas; Jung, Chulwoo; Juttner, Andreas; Mawhinney, Robert D.; Murphy, David; Sachrajda, Christopher T.; Sanfilippo, Francesco; Yin, Hantao
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/04/2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We present the first calculation of the kaon semileptonic form factor with sea and valence quark masses tuned to their physical values in the continuum limit of 2+1 flavour domain wall lattice QCD. We analyse a comprehensive set of simulations at the phenomenologically convenient point of zero momentum transfer in large physical volumes and for two different values of the lattice spacing. Our prediction for the form factor is f+(0)=0.9685(34)(14) where the first error is statistical and the second error systematic. This result can be combined with experimental measurements of K->pi decays for a determination of the CKM-matrix element for which we predict |Vus|=0.2233(5)(9) where the first error is from experiment and the second error from the lattice computation.; Comment: 21 pages, 7 figures, 6 tables

$B \to \pi \ell \nu$ and $B_s \to K \ell \nu$ form factors and $|V_{ub}|$ from 2+1-flavor lattice QCD with domain-wall light quarks and relativistic heavy quarks

Flynn, J. M.; Izubuchi, T.; Kawanai, T.; Lehner, C.; Soni, A.; Van de Water, R. S.; Witzel, O.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We calculate the $B \to\pi\ell\nu$ and $B_s \to K \ell\nu$ form factors in dynamical lattice QCD. We use the (2+1)-flavor RBC-UKQCD gauge-field ensembles generated with the domain-wall fermion and Iwasaki gauge actions. For the $b$ quarks we use the anisotropic clover action with a relativistic heavy-quark interpretation. We analyze two lattice spacings $a \approx 0.11, 0.086$ fm and unitary pion masses as light as $M_\pi \approx 290$ MeV. We simultaneously extrapolate our numerical results to the physical light-quark masses and to the continuum and interpolate in the pion/kaon energy using SU(2) "hard-pion" chiral perturbation theory. We provide complete error budgets for the form factors $f_+(q^2)$ and $f_0(q^2)$ at three momenta that span the $q^2$ range accessible in our numerical simulations. We extrapolate these results to $q^2 = 0$ using a model-independent $z$-parametrization and present our final form factors as the $z$-coefficients and the matrix of correlations between them. Our results agree with other lattice determinations using staggered light quarks and provide important independent cross-checks. Both $B \to\pi\ell\nu$ and $B_s \to K \ell\nu$ decays enable a determination of the CKM matrix element $|V_{ub}|$. To illustrate this...

Physical Results from 2+1 Flavor Domain Wall QCD and SU(2) Chiral Perturbation Theory

Allton, C.; Antonio, D. J.; Aoki, Y.; Blum, T.; Boyle, P. A.; Christ, N. H.; Cohen, S. D.; Clark, M. A.; Dawson, C.; Donnellan, M. A.; Flynn, J. M.; Hart, A.; Izubuchi, T.; Juttner, A.; Jung, C.; Kennedy, A. D.; Kenway, R. D.; Li, M.; Li, S.; Lin, M. F.;
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/04/2008
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.176555%
We have simulated QCD using 2+1 flavors of domain wall quarks on a $(2.74 {\rm fm})^3$ volume with an inverse lattice scale of $a^{-1} = 1.729(28)$ GeV. The up and down (light) quarks are degenerate in our calculations and we have used four values for the ratio of light quark masses to the strange (heavy) quark mass in our simulations: 0.217, 0.350, 0.617 and 0.884. We have measured pseudoscalar meson masses and decay constants, the kaon bag parameter $B_K$ and vector meson couplings. We have used SU(2) chiral perturbation theory, which assumes only the up and down quark masses are small, and SU(3) chiral perturbation theory to extrapolate to the physical values for the light quark masses. While next-to-leading order formulae from both approaches fit our data for light quarks, we find the higher order corrections for SU(3) very large, making such fits unreliable. We also find that SU(3) does not fit our data when the quark masses are near the physical strange quark mass. Thus, we rely on SU(2) chiral perturbation theory for accurate results. We use the masses of the $\Omega$ baryon, and the $\pi$ and $K$ mesons to set the lattice scale and determine the quark masses. We then find $f_\pi = 124.1(3.6)_{\rm stat}(6.9)_{\rm syst} {\rm MeV}$...