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Fluoride ingestion from food items and dentifrice in 2-6-year-old Brazilian children living in a fluoridated area using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire

MIZIARA, Ana Paula Borges; PHILIPPI, Sonia Tucunduva; LEVY, Flavia Mauad; BUZALAF, Marilia Afonso Rabelo
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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37.12843%
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the fluoride intake of 2-6-year-old Brazilian children using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) which also estimated fluoride intake from dentifrice. Methods: The FFQ was previously validated through application to 78 2-6-year-old Brazilian children and then administered to 379 children residing in an optimally fluoridated community in Brazil (Bauru, State of Sao Paulo). The FFQ was applied to the parents and used to estimate the food intake of the children. The constituents of the diet were divided into solids, water and other beverages. The fluoride content of the diet items was analyzed with the fluoride electrode. The questionnaire also estimated fluoride intake from dentifrice. Results: The average (+/- SD) fluoride intake from solids, water, other beverages and dentifrice was 0.008 +/- 0.005; 0.011 +/- 0.004; 0.009 +/- 0.014 and 0.036 +/- 0.028 mg F/kg body weight/day, respectively, totalizing 0.064 +/- 0.035 mg F/kg body weight/day. The dentifrice and the diet contributed with 56.3% and 43.7% of the daily fluoride intake, respectively. Among the children evaluated, 31.2% are estimated to have risk to develop dental fluorosis (intake > 0.07 mg F/kg body weight/day). Conclusions: The dentifrice was the main source of fluoride intake by the children evaluated. However...

Fluoride effects on ectopic bone formation in young and old rats

CARVALHO, J. G. de; CESTARI, T. M.; OLIVEIRA, R. C. de; BUZALAF, M. A. R.
Fonte: PROUS SCIENCE, SA-THOMSON REUTERS Publicador: PROUS SCIENCE, SA-THOMSON REUTERS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.152686%
This study evaluated the effect of fluoride oil bone fluoride levels and on ectopic bone formation in young and old rats. Eighty male Wistar rats were assigned to four groups (n = 20/g), which differed according to the fluoride concentration in their drinking water (0, 5, 15 and 50 mg/l). When half of the rats were 90 days old, demineralized bone matrix (DBM) was implanted. The other rats received DBM implants when they were 365 day`s old. The animals were killed 28 days after. Fluoride in the femur surface, whole femur and plasma was analyzed with an electrode, The implants were analyzed histomorphometrically. Data were tested for statistically, significant differences by ANOVA, Tukey`s test, t-test and linear regression (p < 0.05). Increases in plasma, femur surface and whole femur fluoride concentrations were observed cis water fluoride levels increased. There was also a trend for increase in plasina and femur fluoride concentrations cis age increased. Significant positive correlations were found between plasma and femur surface, plasina and femur and femur surface and femur fluoride, concentrations. The morphometric analyses indicated all increase in bone formation for younger rats that received 5 mg/l of fluoride in the drinking water. However...

Kinetics of fluoride removal from plasma and bone of rats after chronic intake of fluoride

LEITE, A. L.; CAROSELLI, E. E.; MARIA, A. G.; FERNANDES, M. S.; BUZALAF, M. A. R.
Fonte: PROUS SCIENCE, SA-THOMSON REUTERS Publicador: PROUS SCIENCE, SA-THOMSON REUTERS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.152686%
This study evaluated the kinetics of fluoride in plasma, femur surface and the whole femur of rats, after chronic exposure to different water fluoride levels was interrupted. Four groups of Wistar rats received drinking water containing 0, 5, 15 or 50 mu g F/ml for 60 days (n = 50/group). The animals were euthanized immediately after exposure to fluoride or after 7, 30, 90 or 180 days (n = 10/subgroup). Plasma and femurs were collected. Fluoride on the femur surface, whole femur and plasma was analyzed with an electrode. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey`s test (p < 0.05). The increase in plasma fluoride levels was significant only for the 50 mu g F/ml group at 0 and 7 days. Regarding bone surface and whole bone, for most groups, significant increases in fluoride concentrations were observed with the increase in water fluoride concentrations at each time of euthanasia. For fluoride doses up to 15 mu g F/ml, femur surface fluoride levels were reestablished 180 days after the exposure was discontinued, which Was not valid for whole femur or for higher fluoride doses. We found a different kinetics of fluoride in plasma,femur surface and the whole femur of rats after chronic exposure to fluoride is interrupted. Copyright 2008 Prous Science...

Biomarkers of Fluoride in Children Exposed to Different Sources of Systemic Fluoride

BUZALAF, M. A. R.; RODRIGUES, M. H. C.; PESSAN, J. P.; LEITE, A. L.; ARANA, A.; VILLENA, R. S.; FORTE, F. D. S.; SAMPAIO, F. C.
Fonte: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC Publicador: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19923%
There has been no comparison between fluoride concentrations in urine and nails of children exposed to different sources of systemic fluoride. The aim of this study was to compare the relationship between fluoride intake with urinary fluoride excretion and fluoride concentrations in fingernails and toenails of children receiving fluoride from artificially fluoridated water (0.6-0.8 mg F/L, n = 25), naturally fluoridated water (0.6-0.9 mg F/L, n = 21), fluoridated salt (180-200 mg F/Kg, n = 26), and fluoridated milk (0.25 mg F, n = 25). A control population was included (no systemic fluoride, n = 24). Fluoride intake from diet and dentifrice, urinary fluoride excretion, and fluoride concentrations in fingernails/toenails were evaluated. Fluoride was analyzed with an ion-selective electrode. Urinary fluoride excretion in the control community was significantly lower when compared with that in the fluoridated cities, except for the naturally fluoridated community. However, the same pattern was not as evident for nails. Both urinary fluoride output and fluoride concentrations in fingernails/toenails were significantly correlated to total fluoride intake. However, the correlation coefficients for fluoride intake and urinary fluoride output were lower (r = 0.28...

Avaliação da liberação de flúor de resinas compostas em água e ciclagem de pH; Evaluation of the fluoride release from composed resins in water and in pH - cycling system.

Garcez, Rosa Maria Viana de Braganca
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2001 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12843%
O flúor tem um papel importante na estrutura dentária diminuindo a desmineralização e potencializando a remineralização. É fundamental conhecer o comportamento dos materiais restauradores no que diz respeito a liberação de flúor, não só em água deionizada, mas também em condições de desafio ácido. O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar a liberação de flúor de 6 materiais restauradores, em dois meios de imersão, água deionizada e sistema de ciclagem de pH entre, por 15 dias. Os materiais utilizados foram o Vitremer(VIT), o Dyract (DYR), o Ariston (A), o Tetric Ceram (TET), o Definite (DEF) e o Z 100. Para cada material foram confeccionados 16 corpos-de-prova na forma de discos (11 mm de diâmetro e 1,5 mm de espessura), os quais foram armazenados individualmente em 4 ml de cada solução, sendo 8 para cada meio de imersão. Na ciclagem de pH, o material era mantido 6 horas na solução desmineralizante e 18 horas na solução remineralizante. As soluções foram trocadas diariamente e os espécimes armazenados durante 15 dias. A liberação de flúor foi medida em 0,5 ml de solução adicionada a igual volume de TISAB II. Para os materiais Z 100, DEF e TET em água deionizada, a liberação de flúor foi obtida pela técnica da difusão facilitada por HMDS...

Estudo in vitro da resistência à desmineralização e da retenção de flúor em esmalte dental irradiado com laser de Er, Cr: YSGG ; IN VITRO STUDY OF DEMINERALIZATION RESISTANCE AND FLUORIDE RETENTION IN DENTAL ENAMEL IRRADIATED WITH Er,Cr: YSGG LASER

Ana, Patricia Aparecida da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/04/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.141355%
Este estudo objetivou estabelecer condições de irradiação com o laser de Er,Cr:YSGG (de comprimento de onda de 2.79 µm) que propiciassem modificações no esmalte dental e aumentassem sua resistência à desmineralização, associadas ou não à aplicação tópica de flúor fosfato acidulado (FFA). Fluências laser de 2,8 J/cm², 5,6 J/cm² e 8,5 J/cm² foram selecionadas, as quais foram associadas com a aplicação prévia de substância fotoabsorvedora (pasta de pó de carvão) e então com aplicação de FFA posteriormente às irradiações. Inicialmente, foram avaliadas as alterações morfológicas, as modificações na temperatura superficial e os aumentos na temperatura intrapulpar decorrentes das irradiações. Posteriormente, as amostras tratadas foram submetidas a uma ciclagem de pH com duração de 10 dias. Após a produção das lesões de mancha-branca, foi avaliada a perda mineral e as quantidades de flúor fracamente ligado e fortemente ligado. Todas as soluções desmineralizantes e remineralizantes foram avaliadas com relação ao seu conteúdo de cálcio, fósforo inorgânico e flúor. Os dados foram avaliados quanto à normalidade e homogeneidade de sua distribuição para que pudesse ser escolhido o teste estatístico mais adequado...

Progressão da lesão de cárie no esmalte dental após aplicação de compostos fluoretados e irradiação com laser de CO2; Progression of caries-like lesions following CO2 laser irradiation or fluoride sources in human and bovine enamel.

Gabriel, Aline Evangelista de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/12/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A presente tese foi dividida em 2 estudos cujos objetivos específicos foram: 1) Comparar in vitro o efeito da irradiação do laser de CO2 a compostos fluoretados na inibição da progressão de lesões de cárie, e testar se o padrão de resposta é similar ao esmalte humano e bovino. 2) Avaliar in situ a progressão da lesão de cárie no esmalte bovino e verificar as quantidades de flúor no biofilme e no esmalte após tratamento com verniz fluoretado associado ou não ao laser de CO2. No primeiro estudo, 96 fragmentos de esmalte (48 humanos e 48 bovinos) foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos (n=12): CO2 - laser de CO2 (10,6 µm), VF - verniz fluoretado a 5%, FFA - flúor fosfato acidulado a 1,23% e ST - sem tratamento. Os espécimes foram submetidos a 14 dias de desafio cariogênico (ciclagem de pH). A microdureza (KHN) foi medida a 30 µm da superfície. Vinte fragmentos adicionais de cada substrato receberam os mesmos tratamentos (n=5) e foram analisados em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV).No estudo in situ (cruzado e realizado em 2 fases de 14 dias cada), 14 voluntários (n=14) utilizaram um dispositivo palatino contendo blocos de esmalte bovino que foram previamente submetidos a um dos 4 tratamentos: VF + CO2 - verniz Fluoretado a 5% + laser de CO2...

Avaliação do efeito da associação da irradiação laser Er:YAG com flúor no esmalte dental submetido à erosão; Evaluation of the association effect of the Er:YAG laser irradiation with fluoride on enamel submitted to the erosion

Derceli, Juliana dos Reis
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/01/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A erosão dental é uma lesão causada pela dissolução mineral do esmalte, através da ação de ácidos oriundos do suco gástrico ou da alimentação. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia do laser Er:YAG na prevenção da erosão do esmalte associado ou não ao flúor e avaliar alterações químicas e morfológicas do esmalte após os tratamentos preventivos. Para tanto, foram obtidos 95 espécimes a partir de esmalte bovino (4x4mm), os quais foram planificados, polidos e divididos aleatoriamente em 5 grupos de acordo com os tratamentos preventivos realizados (G1- laser Er:YAG; G2- laser + flúor; G3- flúor + laser; G4- laser simultaneamente flúor; G5- flúor). A metade da superfície do esmalte de cada espécime foi isolada com esmalte cosmético e cera utilidade (área controle) e a outra metade exposta ao tratamento superficial. O laser foi irradiado por 10 segundos, sem refrigeração, modo focado, não contato, 4 mm de distância focal e 60 mJ/cm2 e 2Hz, o gel fluoretado foi aplicado por 4 minutos. O desafio erosivo ocorreu em Coca-Cola à temperatura ambiente, 4x/dia, por 1 minuto, durante 5 dias. O grau de desmineralização do esmalte foi avaliado por meio da microscopia óptica, do desgaste e da microdureza...

Efeito da irradiação laser associada à aplicação tópica de fluoreto sobre o esmalte submetido à erosão e/ou abrasão; Effect of laser irradiation associated with topic application of fluoride on sound enamel submetted to erosion and/or abrasion

Araujo, Juliana Julianelli de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.113545%
A aplicação do laser sobre o esmalte associada ou não a aplicação tópica de fluoreto têm demonstrado aumentar sua resistência à ação de ácidos. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da irradiação laser de alta potência associada à aplicação de fluoretos sobre o esmalte dentário submetido à erosão e/ou abrasão dentária. Para tal, 184 blocos de esmalte foram selecionados pela microdureza de superfície (SMH inicial) e foram divididos em 8 grupos com 23 espécimes cada (3 foram utilizados para realização da biópsia básica da superfície de esmalte dentário, 10 foram submetidos à erosão e os outros 10 à erosão associada à abrasão): G1- sem tratamento (controle); G2- tratamento com flúor fosfato acidulado (1,23% F) por 4 min; G3- verniz fluoretado; G4- irradiação com laser Nd:YAG (56,6 J/cm2); G5- aplicação de flúor fosfato acidulado e posterior irradiação com laser Nd:YAG (56,6 J/cm2); G6- aplicação de flúor fosfato acidulado e prévia irradiação com laser Nd:YAG (56,6 J/cm2); G7- aplicação de verniz fluoretado e posterior irradiação com laser Nd:YAG (56,6 J/cm2); G8- aplicação de verniz fluoretado e prévia irradiação com laser Nd:YAG (56,6 J/cm2). Após os tratamentos...

Avaliação in situ da associação do verniz fluoretado ao laser de Er:YAG e ao laser de Nd:YAG na permeabilidade da dentina radicular erodida; In Situ Evaluation of Associating the Fluoride Varnish to Er:YAG or Nd:YAG Laser at permeability of eroded root dentin.

Nemezio, Mariana Alencar
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/06/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.141355%
O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar in situ o efeito da associação do verniz fluoretado ao laser de Er:YAG e ao laser Nd:YAG na permeabilidade da dentina radicular erodida. Quarenta e oito fragmentos de dentina radicular bovina, com dimensões 2x2x2 mm, foram submetidos a um desafio erosivo inicial com ácido cítrico (0,3%, pH 3,2), por duas horas, sob agitação e armazenados em saliva artificial por vinte e quatro horas. Posteriormente, os espécimes foram divididos em relação aos tratamentos: verniz fluoretado e não fluoretado e subdivididos conforme a irradiação: laser de Er:YAG (100mJ, 3Hz), laser de Nd:YAG (70mJ, 15 Hz) e não irradiado. Após um período de lead in (2 dias), os voluntários (n=8) utilizaram dispositivos palatinos contendo três espécimes que foram submetidos a desafios erosivos ex vivo, quatro vezes ao dia, com ácido cítrico (0,3%, pH 3,2), durante 90s, por cinco dias. Na primeira fase do experimento, metade dos voluntários utilizou dispositivos contendo fragmentos tratados com verniz fluoretado, verniz fluoretado + laser de Er:YAG e verniz fluoretado + laser de Nd:YAG. A outra metade utilizou verniz não fluoretado, verniz não fluoretado + laser de Er:YAG e verniz não fluoretado + laser de Nd:YAG. Depois de um período de wash-out (15 dias)...

Análise da progressão de lesões de erosão em dentina após irradiação com laser de Nd:YAG e flúor; Analysis of the progression of dentine erosion after Nd:YAG irradiation and fluoride

João-Souza, Samira Helena
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/07/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19923%
Devido à alta prevalência da erosão dental, esse trabalho tem por objetivo avaliar diferentes protocolos do laser de Nd:YAG e flúor na progressão de lesões de erosão em dentina. Para isso, o trabalho foi divido em duas etapas. Na primeira, foram utilizados 120 terceiros molares humanos que tiveram sua dentina exposta e incluída em resina acrílica. Após polimento, as amostras com curvatura de até 0,3 ?m foram selecionadas. Estas ficaram 10 minutos em ácido cítrico 1% (pH 2,3) para formação de lesão de erosão inicial e então, foram divididas em 8 grupos experimentais (n=15): Controle (sem tratamento), Flúor (gel de fluoreto de sódio neutro 2%), Nd:YAG1 (0,5W; 50mJ; ~41,66J/cm2; 10Hz; 40s; em contato), Nd:YAG2 (0,70W; 70mJ; ~62,50J/cm2; 10Hz; 40s; em contato), Nd:YAG3 (1,0W; 100mJ; ~54,16J/cm2; 10Hz; 40s; 1mm desfocado), Flúor+Nd:YAG1, Flúor+Nd:YAG2 e Flúor+Nd:YAG3. Para verificar a perda de superfície ocorrida, foram feitas leituras em perfilômetro óptico nos seguintes tempos: após formação da lesão inicial, logo após tratamentos e após 1o, 3o e 5o dias de ciclagem erosiva. Para a segunda etapa, foram utilizadas 93 dentinas extraídas de terceiros molares humanos, as quais também foram incluídas em resina acrílica e polidas. Das amostras obtidas...

Effect of fluoride intake on carbohydrate metabolism, glucose tolerance, and insulin signaling

Chiba, Fernando Yamamoto; Saliba Garbin, Clea Adas; Sumida, Doris Hissako
Fonte: Int Soc Fluoride Research Publicador: Int Soc Fluoride Research
Tipo: Revisão Formato: 236-241
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.984673%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 09/00086-7; Processo FAPESP: 10/10664-5; Fluoride is known to cause both local and systemic alterations in animals and humans, such as dental fluorosis and disturbances in glucose homeostasis. The effects of fluoride are dose dependent and can produce decreased insulin secretion, inhibition of glycolysis, glycogen depletion, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance. Because excessive ingestion of fluoride during tooth brushing can lead to deterioration in health, the use of low-fluoride dentifrices is recommended for young children with diabetes.

Effects of fluoride intake on insulin sensitivity and insulin signal transduction

Chehoud, Keila Aziz; Chiba, Fernando Yamamoto; Sassaki, Kikue Takebayashi; Saliba Garbin, Clea Adas; Sumida, Doris Hissako
Fonte: Int Soc Fluoride Research Publicador: Int Soc Fluoride Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 270-275
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.788384%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 05/53301-1; Forty seven-week-old male castrated Wistar rats were randomly divided evenly into a control group and a fluoride (F) group. The latter was given a single dose of NaF from a solution containing 1.0 mg F ion/kg bw, administered by gavage. After 30 min, the following experiments were performed: intravenous insulin tolerance test (0.75 U/kg bw) and determination of the insulin receptor substrate (pp 185-IRS-1/IRS/2) tyrosine phosphorylation status. The acute treatment with NaF promoted increased blood glycemia, but there were no significant changes in the insulin sensitivity and in the pp185 tyrosine phosphorylation status in the muscular or in the white adipose tissues.

Insulin signal decrease in muscle but not in the liver of castrated male rats from chronic exposure to fluoride

Chiba, Fernando Yamamoto; Colombo, Natalia Helena; Shirakashi, Daisy Jaqueline; de Souza Gomes, Wendrew Douglas; Saliba Moimaz, Suzely Adas; Saliba Garbin, Clea Adas; Silva, Cristina Antoniali; Sumida, Doris Hissako
Fonte: Int Soc Fluoride Research Publicador: Int Soc Fluoride Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 25-30
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.788384%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 08/52688-8; With half the animals as controls without fluoride (F) in their drinking water, 16 of 32 seven-week-old castrated male Wistar rats were administered NaF in their drinking water and F contained in food pellets (estimated total F intake: 4.0 mg F/kg bw/day). After 42 days, determinations were made of the insulin receptor substrate (pp185-IRS-1/IRS/2), tyrosine phosphorylation status, and the extent of glycemia and insulinemia. This chronic treatment with F promoted: 1) decrease in the pp185 tyrosine phosphorylation status in the muscle tissue but not in the liver; 2) increase in the plasma F level; 3) no alteration in glycemia and insulinemia; 4) an increase in insulin resistance.

Sodium fluoride effect on erosion-abrasion under hyposalivatory simulating conditions

Scaramucci, Taís; Borges, Alessandra B.; Lippert, Frank; Frank, Nathaniel E.; Hara, Anderson T.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.113545%
Objectives: To investigate the effect of fluoride (0, 275 and 1250 ppm F; NaF) in combination with normal and low salivary flow rates on enamel surface loss and fluoride uptake using an erosion-remineralization-abrasion cycling model. Design: Enamel specimens were randomly assigned to 6 experimental groups (n = 8). Specimens were individually placed in custom made devices, creating a sealed chamber on the enamel surface, connected to a peristaltic pump. Citric acid was injected into the chamber for 2 min followed by artificial saliva at 0.5 (normal flow) or 0.05 (low flow) ml/min, for 60 min. This cycle was repeated 4×/day, for 5 days. Toothbrushing with abrasive suspensions containing fluoride was performed for 2 min (15 s of actual brushing) 2×/day. Surface loss was measured by optical profilometry. KOH-soluble fluoride and enamel fluoride uptake were determined after the cycling phase. Data were analysed by two-way ANOVA. Results: No significant interactions between fluoride concentration and salivary flow were observed for any tested variable. Low caused more surface loss than normal flow rate (p < 0.01). At both flow rates, surface loss for 0 was higher than for 275, which did not differ from 1250 ppm F. KOH-soluble and structurally-bound enamel fluoride uptake were significantly different between fluoride concentrations with 1250 > 275 > 0 ppm F (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Sodium fluoride reduced enamel erosion/abrasion...

Analysis of fluoride levels retained intraorally or ingested following routine clinical applications of topical fluoride products

Heath, K.; Singh, V.; Logan, R.; McIntyre, J.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.152686%
A variety of topical fluorides is now used clinically for the prevention and control of dental caries. It is essential for the dental profession to be fully aware of the relative retention rates of fluoride in saliva and thus its contact with the teeth. These may vary following the use of the different categories and concentrations of agents available and with different methods of use. It is also important to be aware of the amounts of fluoride ion ingested following use of the more concentrated forms and of the resultant elevation in total blood fluoride levels. These parameters were investigated in a series of experiments invlolving human volunteer subjects using a variety of topical fluoride materials commercially available in Australia. Fluoride commercially available in Australia. Fluoride mouthrineses appeared to provide the highest salivary retention rates per dose of all forms of topical fluoride. Ingestion rates from concentrated gels were acceptable when effective evacuation methods were applied. The use of custom-made trays resulted in a reduction in amounts of fluoride ion ingested, though simple self-application by toothbrush of smaller quantities proved to be an effective alternative in terms of amount of fluoride ion retained in saliva per amount applied and ingested. None of the concentrated gels used resulted in elevations in total blood fluoride levels which were of concern in adults. It is acknowledged that salivary retention rates of fluoride ion do not necessarily reflect the caries inhibitory effects of topical fluorides. However...

Enhancement of fluoride release from glass ionomer cement following a coating of silver fluoride

Ariffin, Z.; Ngo, H.; McIntyre, J.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12843%
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the extent to which a coating of 10% silver fluoride (AgF) on discs of glass jonomer cements (GIGs) would enhance the release of fluoride ion into eluting solutions at varying pH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty discs each of Fuji LX, Fuji VII and of Vitrebond were prepared in a plastic mould. Twenty discs of each material were coated for 30 seconds with a 10% solution of AgF. Five discs each of coated and uncoated material were placed individually in 4m1 of differing eluant solutions. The eluant solutions comprised deionized distilled water (DDW) and three separate acetate buffered solutions at pH 7, pH 5 and pH 3. After 30 minutes the discs were removed and placed in five vials containing 4m1 of the various solutions for a further 30 minutes. This was repeated for further intervals of time up to 216 hours, and all eluant solutions were stored. Fluoride concentrations in the eluant solutions were estimated using a fluoride specific electrode, with TISAB IV as a metal ion complexing and ionic concentration adjustment agent. Cumulative fluoride release patterns were determined from the incremental data. RESULTS: The coating of AgF greatly enhanced the level of fluoride ion release from all materials tested. Of the uncoated samples...

LACK OF A SIGNIFICANT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TOENAIL FLUORIDE CONCENTRATIONS AND CARIES PREVALENCE

Charone, S.; Bertolini, M. M.; Goncalves, R. M.; Ioivos, A. C.; Grizzo, L.; Buzalaf, M. A. R.; Groisman, S.
Fonte: INT SOC FLUORIDE RESEARCH; OCEAN VIEW Publicador: INT SOC FLUORIDE RESEARCH; OCEAN VIEW
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.788384%
The relationship between fluoride (F) concentrations in toenails and prevalence of caries using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS-II) criteria was evaluated. Fifty-four children (4-13 years of age) from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, had their teeth surfaces examined and toenails clipped and analyzed for F. Toenail F concentrations in children presenting ICDAS-II <= 10 or >10 were compared by unpaired t test with Welch correction. Dichotomized data were analyzed by Fisher's exact test. Children presenting ICDAS-II <= 10 (n=23) had 1.85 +/- 1.32 (Mean +/- SD) mu g/g [F]; these values were higher than children having ICDAS-II>10 (n=31), whose toenails had 1.58 +/- 0.78 mu g/g [F], a nonsignificant difference. The sensitivity and specificity of toenail F concentrations in identifying children with ICDAS-II <= 10 were 0.22 and 0.77, respectively. We conclude that children with low caries prevalence tend to have higher toenail F concentrations, but the validity of this biomarker as a diagnostic tool for caries prevalence is low, possibly owing to the fact that the mechanism of action of F on caries control appears to be essentially topical.

Urinary fluoride excretion in children exposed to fluoride toothpaste and to different water fluoride levels in a tropical area of Brazil

Forte,Franklin Delano Soares; Moimaz,Suzely Adas Saliba; Sampaio,Fábio Correia
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
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37.162698%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the urinary fluoride excretion of 2- to 7-year-old children exposed to different water fluoride concentrations in the city of Catolé do Rocha, PB, Brazil. Forty-two children were allocated to 3 groups according to the concentration of fluoride in the water: G1 (n=10; 0.5-1.0 ppm F), G2 (n=17; 1.1-1.5 ppm F) and G3 (n= 15; >1.51 ppm F). The study was carried out in two 1-week phases with 1-month interval between the moments of data collection: in the first phase, the children used a fluoride toothpaste (FT) (1,510 ppm F) for 1 week, whereas in the second phase a non-fluoride toothpaste (NFT) was used. The urine was collected in a 24-h period in each week-phase according to Marthaler's protocol. The urinary fluoride excretion data expressed as mean (SD) in µg/24 h were: G1-FT= 452.9 (290.2); G1-NFT= 435.1 (187.0); G2-FT= 451.4 (224.0); G2-NFT= 430.3 (352.5); G3-FT=592.3 (390.5); and G3-NFT=623.6 (408.7). There was no statistically significant difference between the water fluoride groups, and regardless of the week phase (ANOVA, p>0.05). The use of fluoride toothpaste (1,510 ppmF) did not promote an increase in urinary fluoride excretion. There was a trend, though not significant, as to the increase of urine fluoride concentration in relation to fluoride concentrations in the water. The excretion values suggest that some children are under risk to develop dental fluorosis and information about the appropriate use of fluoride is necessary in this area.

Nail and bone surface as indicators of acute exposure to fluoride in rats

Buzalaf,Marília Afonso Rabelo; Linardi,Myrna Maria; Carvalho,Juliane Guimarães de; Cardoso,Vanessa Eid da Silva; Cury,Jaime Aparecido
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.152686%
This study evaluated the use of nails and bone surfaces as indicators of acute exposure to fluoride in rats. Six groups (n=10/grp), aged 70 days, received, by gastrogavage, single doses of sodium fluoride containing 10, 35, 45, 60, 75 and 90 mg fluoride/kg body weight. The control group received deionized water. Two hours after fluoride administration, the rats were killed and their plasma, nails (halves near to the growth end) and femur were collected. Nail and plasma fluoride concentrations were analyzed with the electrode following HMDS-facilitated diffusion. Femur surface fluoride was removed from a circular area (4.52 mm²) by immersion in 0.5M HCl for 15 seconds, buffered with TISAB and analyzed with the electrode. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05) and by linear regression (p<0.001). Average fluoride concentrations ranged from 55.4 to 91.5 mg/g for nails; from 0.019 to 6.937 mg/mL for plasma and from 617 to 2,394 mg/g for femur surface. Fluoride concentrations in nails from experimental groups were not different from control. Regarding plasma fluoride, all experimental groups differed from control, except the group that received the lowest dose. In respect to femur surface fluoride, only the group that received the highest dose differed from control. A strong correlation was found between plasma fluoride and the dose administered (r=0.736) and a medium correlation was found between femur surface and the dose administered (r=0.510). Data suggest that two hours after an acute fluoride administration...