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Bioremediation of Herbicide Velpar K (R) In Vitro in Aqueous Solution with Application of EM-4 (Effective Microorganisms)

Ramos, Marcio Antonio Gomes; Yoshioka, Sergio Akinobu
Fonte: INST TECNOLOGIA PARANA; CURITIBA-PARANA Publicador: INST TECNOLOGIA PARANA; CURITIBA-PARANA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
677.149%
This work assessed the bioremediation of herbicide Velpar K (R), in vitro in aqueous solution, used against weeds in sugar cane in Sao Paulo state. The herbicide contained Hexazinone and Diuron. It was used the microbial inoculant denominated Effective Microorganisms (EM-4), pool of microorganisms from soil that contained lactic and photosynthetic bacteria, fungi, yeasts and actinomycetes for bioremediation. Results for the depth of cultivation on agar-agar inoculated with EM-4 showed the microorganisms growth in the concentrations between 0.2% and 1.0% of the Velpar K (R) in the gel. The analysis of high performance liquid chromatography ( HPLC) showed that the EM-4 was effective for the bioremediation of the herbicide, which reached the values of 80% for diuron and 70% for hexazinone after 21 days in solution of 2:1 of Velpar K (R)/EM-4 ratio. These results could be useful for planning the bioremediation of contaminated areas with Velpar K (R).

Bioremediation of herbicide velpar K® in vitro in aqueous solution with application of EM-4 (effective microorganisms)

Ramos, Márcio Antônio Gomes; Yoshioka, Sergio Akinobu
Fonte: Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology Publicador: Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
677.149%
This work assessed the bioremediation of herbicide Velpar K®, in vitro in aqueous solution, used against weeds in sugar cane in São Paulo state. The herbicide contained Hexazinone and Diuron. It was used the microbial inoculant denominated Effective Microorganisms (EM-4), pool of microorganisms from soil that contained lactic and photosynthetic bacteria, fungi, yeasts and actinomycetes for bioremediation. Results for the depth of cultivation on agar-agar inoculated with EM-4 showed the microorganisms growth in the concentrations between 0.2% and 1.0% of the Velpar K®in the gel. The analysis of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) showed that the EM-4 was effective for the bioremediation of the herbicide, which reached the values of 80% for diuron and 70% for hexazinone after 21 days in solution of 2:1 of Velpar K®/EM-4 ratio. These results could be useful for planning the bioremediation of contaminated areas with Velpar K®.

Avaliação de métodos para desinfecção de água, empregando cloro, ácido peracético, ozônio e o processo de desinfecção combinado ozônio/cloro; Methods evaluation for water disinfection using chlorine, peracetic acid, ozone and the ozone/chlorine combined disinfection process

Souza, Jeanette Beber de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/02/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
269.6879%
Foi realizado estudo de desinfecção comparativo, em condições experimentais similares, entre hipoclorito de sódio, ácido peracético, ozônio e o processo de desinfecção seqüencial ozônio/cloro para águas de estudo com características de cor baixa (< 5 uH) e cor elevada (> 100 uH). O desempenho dos desinfetantes foi avaliado segundo a inativação de três microrganismos indicadores, Escherichia coli ATCC 11229, colifagos e Clostridium perfringens ATCC 13124. As concentrações aplicadas de cloro ('CL IND.2'), ácido peracético e ozônio ('O IND.3') foram de 2,0; 3,0; 4,0 e 5,0 mg/L. A desinfecção seqüencial consistiu das seguintes combinações de concentrações em mg/L: 2,0 'O IND.3' / 2,0 'CL IND.2'; 3,0 'O IND.3' / 2,0 'CL IND.2'; 5,0 'O IND.3' / 2,0 'CL IND.2' e 2,0 'O IND.3' / 5,0 'CL IND.2'. Os tempos de contato empregados foram de 5, 10, 15 e 20 minutos, tanto para os ensaios individuais, como para a etapa seqüencial. O cloro livre aplicado foi rapidamente transformado em formas de cloro combinado, nos primeiros 5 minutos de contato, para todas as dosagens aplicadas, diminuindo a ação desinfetante do mesmo. Os resultados dos ensaios de desinfecção com ácido peracético indicaram efetiva redução dos microrganismos indicadores empregados...

Avaliação do efeito de microrganismos probióticos sobre Cryptosporidium parvum em camundongos C57BL/6 imunossuprimidos; Evaluation of the effect of probiotics microorganisms on Cryptosporidium parvum in immunodeficient C57BL/6 mice

Coutinho, Tatiane Sueli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/04/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
269.6879%
Os probióticos são produtos ou preparações que contém microrganismos viáveis, com concentrações definidas, capazes de alterar a microbiota intestinal do hospedeiro, exercendo efeitos benéficos a sua saúde. Os microrganismos mais usados para esta finalidade são as bactérias lácticas, destacando-se espécies de Lactobacillus. Apesar do avanço científico nesta área, poucos estudos são encontrados a respeito da ação probiótica sobre protozoários, como Cryptosporidium parvum, um parasito intestinal importante por causar uma das principais infecções oportunistas em indivíduos imunodebilitados, como aidéticos e transplantados. Os produtos probióticos podem ser uma alternativa para o tratamento da criptosporidiose, uma vez que, ainda, não há um tratamento eficaz contra esta parasitose. Sendo assim, o presente estudo visou avaliar a ação de cepas de Lactobacillus plantarum, L. acidophillus e L. delbruekii, na forma de pool, sobre Cryptosporidium parvum em camundongos imunossuprimidos. Os experimentos foram desenvolvidos utilizando-se 42 animais divididos em seis grupos: Controle - não imunossuprimidos, não infectados e não tratados; Imuno - imunossuprimidos, não infectados e não tratados; Não tratado - imunossuprimidos...

Eficácia da ação antimicrobiana de soluções químicas - hipoclorito alcalino e mamona (Ricinus communis) - frente a micro-organismos específicos; Efficacy of antimicrobial action of chemical solutions - alkaline hypochlorite and castor oil (Ricinus communis) - against specific microorganisms

Salles, Marcela Moreira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/06/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
276.19703%
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar, por meio de estudo laboratorial e clínico, a eficácia de soluções de hipoclorito alcalino (0,25% e 0,5%) e à base de mamona (Ricinus communis) a 10% quanto à ação antimicrobiana frente a micro-organismos específicos, por meio da contagem de Unidades Formadoras de Colônias (UFC). No estudo laboratorial, a partir de matrizes metálicas quadrangulares (10 x 2 mm), foram confeccionados 360 corpos de prova de resina acrílica termopolimerizável (Lucitone 550), os quais foram esterilizados em micro-ondas (650W, por 6 minutos), contaminados com cepas de Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus mutans, Enterococcus faecalis e Candida glabrata e imersos (20 minutos) em soluções higienizadoras (n=10): Grupo A - Hipoclorito de sódio 0,25%; Grupo B - Hipoclorito de sódio 0,5%; Grupo C - Solução de mamona a 10%; Grupo D (Controle positivo) - solução salina e Grupo E (Controle negativo) - sem contaminação e imerso em solução salina (n=5). Em seguida, foram lavados em solução salina e imersos em meio de cultura líquido (Letheen), a partir do qual foram obtidas diluições seriadas (100 e 10-3), as quais foram semeadas em meios de cultura seletivos. Após incubação a 37ºC por 24 horas...

In vitro evaluation of the effectiveness of irrigants and intracanal medicaments on microorganisms within root canals

Menezes, M. M.; Valera, M. C.; Jorge, AOC; Koga-Ito, C. Y.; Camargo, CHR; Mancini, MNG
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Publicador: Blackwell Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 311-319
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
271.48555%
Aim To evaluate in vitro the effectiveness of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). chlorhexidine (CHX) and live intracanal medicaments on microorganisms within root canals.Methodology Ninety-six human single-rooted extracted teeth were used. After removing the crowns, canal preparation was completed and the external root Surfaces were coated with epoxy resin. Following sterilization. The teeth were contaminated with Candida albicans and enterococcus faecalis. and were incubated at 37 +/- 1 degreesC for 7 days. The teeth were divided according to the irrigant solution or intracanal medicament: group 1. sterile physiologic solution (SPS) and calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)(2)) paste: group 2. SPS and camphorated paramonochlorophenol (CPMC): group 3.SPS and tricresol formalin: group 4, SPS and CaOH2 + CPMC paste: group 5, SPS and PMC furacin; group 6.2.5%, NaOCl without intracanal medication: group 7, 2.0% CHX without intracanal medication and group 8, SPS Without intracanal medication (control group). Microbiological samples were collected with sterile paper points, and bacterial growth was determined. The data were submitted to the analysis of variance (ANOVA. P = 0.05).Results For C. albicans, groups 3 and S were statistically less effective than groups 1...

Cytotoxicity of Brazilian plant extracts against oral microorganisms of interest to dentistry

de Oliveira, Jonatas Rafael; de Castro, Vinicius Carlos; Vilela, Polyana das Graças Figueiredo; Camargo, Samira Esteves Afonso; Carvalho, Cláudio Antonio Talge; Jorge, Antonio Olavo Cardoso; de Oliveira, Luciane Dias
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
277.14895%
Background: With the emergence of strains resistant to conventional antibiotics, it is important to carry studies using alternative methods to control these microorganisms causing important infections, such as the use of products of plant origin that has demonstrated effective antimicrobial activity besides biocompatibility. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of plant extracts of Equisetum arvense L., Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Punica granatum L. and Stryphnodendron barbatimam Mart. against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, and Candida glabrata, and to analyze the cytotoxicity of these extracts in cultured murine macrophages (RAW 264.7).Methods: Antimicrobial activity of plant extracts was evaluated by microdilution method based on Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), M7-A6 and M27-A2 standards. The cytotoxicity of concentrations that eliminated the microorganisms was evaluated by MTT colorimetric method and by quantification of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1β and TNF-α) using ELISA.Results: In determining the minimum microbicidal concentration, E. arvense L., P. granatum L., and S. barbatimam Mart. extracts at a concentration of 50 mg/mL and G. glabra L. extract at a concentration of 100 mg/mL...

Viabilidade do controle da mancha púrpura e efeitos nos aspectos físicos, químicos e biológicos do solo e na produção do alho pelos microrganismos eficazes

Verzignassi, Jaqueline Rosemeire
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 168 f. : il.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
460.82523%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Pós-graduação em Agronomia (Proteção de Plantas) - FCA; Com o objetivo da redução da aplicação de fungicidas na produção de alho, foram estudados os efeitos dos Microrganismos Eficazes (E.M.-4 e E.M.-5) sobre o controle da mancha púrpura, a produção da cultura e as propriedades físicas, químicas e biológicas do solo. Os experimentos foram conduzidos, em condições de campo, por dois e três anos, na Fazenda de Ensino, Pesquisa e Produção da Unesp em São Manuel, SP. O E.M. foi aplicado nos bulbilhos de alho antes do plantio, adicionado ao material orgânico incorporado ao solo e pulverizado nas plantas após incubação ou não com melaço. A utilização do E.M. + melaço (não incubado) não proporcionou controle da doença nos experimentos. No entanto, com a incubação do E.M. + melaço houve redução na severidade da mancha púrpura em um experimento e incremento na emergência e número de folhas verdes por planta em ambos os experimentos. A altura das plantas, superbrotamento, produção, bulbos de maior valor comercial (classes 5+6+7) e as propriedades físicas (densidade do solo, condutividade hidráulica, estabilidade dos agregados, resistência à penetração e infiltração de tinta)...

Assessment of soil properties by organic matter and EM-microorganism incorporation

Valarini,P. J.; Díaz Alvarez,M. C.; Gascó,J. M.; Guerrero,F.; Tokeshi,H.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
375.17793%
Properties of a claim loam soil, collected in Aranjuez (Madrid) and enriched with organic matter and microorganisms, were evaluated under controlled temperature and moisture conditions, over a period of three months. The following treatments were carried out: soil (control); soil + 50 t ha-1 of animal manure (E50); soil + 50 t ha-1 of animal manure + 30 L ha-1 of effective microorganisms (E50EM); soil + 30 t ha-1 of the combination of various green crop residues and weeds (RC30) and soil + 30 t ha-1 of the combination of various green crop residues and weeds + 30 L ha-1 of effective microorganisms (RC30EM). Soil samples were taken before and after incubation and their physical, chemical, and microbiological parameters analyzed. Significant increase was observed in the production of exopolysaccharides and basic phosphatase and esterase enzyme activities in the treatments E50EM and RC30EM, in correlation with the humification of organic matter, water retention at field capacity, and the cationic exchange capacity (CEC) of the same treatments. The conclusion was drawn that the incorporation of a mixture of effective microorganisms (EM) intensified the biological soil activity and improved physical and chemical soil properties, contributing to a quick humification of fresh organic matter. These findings were illustrated by the microbiological activities of exopolysaccharides and by alkaline phosphatase and esterase enzymes...

The anti-adherence effect of Lippia sidoides Cham: extract against microorganisms of dental biofilm

Albuquerque,A.C.L.; Pereira,M.S.V.; Silva,D.F.; Pereira,L.F.; Viana,F.A.C.; Higino,J.S.; Barbosa,M.R.V.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
363.57324%
Most illnesses affecting the oral cavity are proven to have infectious origin. Several categories of chemical agents have been used in the chemical control of dental biofilm through strategies that aim at reducing bacterial adhesion and inhibiting the growth and the proliferation of microorganisms on the tooth surface. The use of plants in folk medicine and in Dentistry, as well as the spread of successful cases, has led to scientific exploration, resulting in chemical-pharmacological knowledge of thousands of plants. The present study aimed to evaluate the anti-adherence activity of Lippia sidoides Cham., comparing the results with those of 0.12% chlorhexidine by means of an in vitro simulation of dental biofilm. The studied bacterial strains were Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis and Lactobacillus casei, main responsible for the biofilm adherence. The studied extract was effective in inhibiting the adherence of Streptococcus mutans up to a concentration of 1:16, compared to Chlorhexidine. Lippia sidoides Cham extract showed anti-adherence effect on the major microorganisms responsible for dental biofilm consolidation.

Bioremediation of herbicide velpar K® in vitro in aqueous solution with application of EM-4 (effective microorganisms)

Ramos,Márcio Antônio Gomes; Yoshioka,Sergio Akinobu
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
677.149%
This work assessed the bioremediation of herbicide Velpar K®, in vitro in aqueous solution, used against weeds in sugar cane in São Paulo state. The herbicide contained Hexazinone and Diuron. It was used the microbial inoculant denominated Effective Microorganisms (EM-4), pool of microorganisms from soil that contained lactic and photosynthetic bacteria, fungi, yeasts and actinomycetes for bioremediation. Results for the depth of cultivation on agar-agar inoculated with EM-4 showed the microorganisms growth in the concentrations between 0.2% and 1.0% of the Velpar K®in the gel. The analysis of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) showed that the EM-4 was effective for the bioremediation of the herbicide, which reached the values of 80% for diuron and 70% for hexazinone after 21 days in solution of 2:1 of Velpar K®/EM-4 ratio. These results could be useful for planning the bioremediation of contaminated areas with Velpar K®.

Integrated evaluation of soil quality after the incorporation of organic matter and microorganisms

Valarini,Pedro J.; Alvarez,Mª Cruz Díaz; Gascó,José Mª; Guerrero,Francisca; Tokeshi,Hasime
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
473.62684%
The soil quality was evaluated following the addition of organic matter and microorganisms to a clay loam soil collected in Aranjuez (Madrid) under controlled conditions of temperature and moisture, and over a period of three months. The following treatments were carried out: soil (control); soil + 50 t/ha of animal manure (E50); soil + 50 t/ha of animal manure + 30l/ha of effective microorganisms (E50EM); soil + 30 t/ha of combination of various green crop residues and weeds (RC30) and soil + 30 t/ha of combination of various green crop residues and weeds + 30l/ha of effective microorganisms (RC30EM). The soil samples were taken before and after the incubation and analysed using physical, chemical and microbiological parameters. A significant increase in the production of polysaccharides and alkaline phosphatase and esterase enzymes in the treatments E50EM and RC30EM was observed, being in direct correlation with the humification of the organic matter, with the water retention at field capacity, and with the cationic exchange capacity (CEC). It can be concluded that the incorporation of microorganisms EM potentialized the soil biological activity and improved physico-chemical soil properties, contributing to a quick humification of fresh organic matter. Those findings were proved by microbiological activities of exopolysaccharides by alcaline phosphatase and esterase enzymes...

Production of gaba (γ - aminobutyric acid) by microorganisms: a review

Dhakal,Radhika; Bajpai,Vivek K.; Baek,Kwang-Hyun
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
367.5122%
GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) is a four carbon non-protein amino acid that is widely distributed in plants, animals and microorganisms. As a metabolic product of plants and microorganisms produced by the decarboxylation of glutamic acid, GABA functions as an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain that directly affects the personality and the stress management. A wide range of traditional foods produced by microbial fermentation contain GABA, in which GABA is safe and eco-friendly, and also has the possibility of providing new health-benefited products enriched with GABA. Synthesis of GABA is catalyzed by glutamate decarboxylase, therefore, the optimal fermentation condition is mainly based on the biochemical properties of the enzyme. Major GABA producing microorganisms are lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which make food spoilage pathogens unable to grow and act as probiotics in the gastrointestinal tract. The major factors affecting the production of GABA by microbial fermentation are temperature, pH, fermentation time and different media additives, therefore, these factors are summarized to provide the most up-dated information for effective GABA synthesis. There has been a huge accumulation of knowledge on GABA application for human health accompanying with a demand on natural GABA supply. Only the GABA production by microorganisms can fulfill the demand with GABA-enriched health beneficial foods.

Microcosm and in situ field studies of enhanced biotransformation of trichloroethylene by phenol-utilizing microorganisms.

Hopkins, G D; Semprini, L; McCarty, P L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1993 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
275.17793%
The ability of different aerobic groundwater microorganisms to cometabolically degrade trichloroethylene (TCE), 1,2-cis-dichloroethylene (c-DCE), and 1,2-trans-dichloroethylene (t-DCE) was evaluated both in groundwater-fed microcosms and in situ in a shallow aquifer. Microcosms amended with phenol or toulene were equally effective in removing c-DCE (> 90%) followed by TCE (60 to 70%), while the microcosm fed methane was most effective in removing t-DCE (> 90%). The microcosm fed ammonia was the least effective. None of the microcosms effectively degraded 1,1,1-trichloroethane. At the Moffett Field groundwater test site, in situ removal of c-DCE and TCE coincided with biostimulation through phenol and oxygen injection and utilization, with c-DCE removed more rapidly than TCE. Greater TCE and c-DCE removal was observed when the phenol concentration was increased. Over 90% removal of c-DCE and TCE was observed in the 2-m biostimulated zone. This compares with 40 to 50% removal of c-DCE and 15 to 25% removal of TCE achieved by methane-grown microorganisms previously evaluated in an adjacent in situ test zone. The in situ removal with phenol-grown microorganisms agrees qualitatively with the microcosm studies, with the rates and extents of removal ranked as follows: c-DCE > TCE > t-DCE. These studies demonstrate the potential for in situ TCE bioremediation using microorganisms grown on phenol.

Selective Antibacterial Properties of Lysozyme for Oral Microorganisms

Iacono, Vincent J.; MacKay, Bruce J.; DiRienzo, Sharon; Pollock, Jerry J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1980 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
269.6879%
The antibacterial properties of lysozyme were investigated with oral microorganisms representing the seven serotypes (a through g) of Streptococcus mutans, Veillonella alcalescens, and the virulent (V) and avirulent (AV) strains of Actinomyces viscosus T14. Growth of bacteria in defined medium was monitored spectrophotometrically after the addition of various amounts (25 μg to 5 mg/ml) of enzyme. No growth inhibition of V. alcalescens was observed. Inhibition of A. viscosus T14(V) and A. viscosus T14(AV) occurred with 160 μg of lysozyme per ml. Of the S. mutans cultures tested, the serotype a and b strains were inhibited with as little as 25 μg of enzyme per ml, whereas e and f strains were most resistant to the bacteriostatic activity of lysozyme. The presence of dl-threonine or sucrose in growth medium did not significantly affect the results. A lysoplate assay was developed to rapidly survey the bacterial cultures for their susceptibility to the lytic ability of the enzyme. Lysis, as a measure of a zone of clearing in agarose plates, occurred for all microorganisms in the presence of lysozyme after the subsequent addition of NaCl or detergent. The bactericidal activity of lysozyme was determined on S. mutans BHT and S. mutans LM-7 by the pour plate technique. Preincubation of S. mutans LM-7 with as much as 1 mg of enzyme for 90 min did not affect viability or growth...

Prospects of effective microorganisms technology in wastes treatment in Egypt

Shalaby, Emad A
Fonte: Asian Pacific Tropical Medicine Press Publicador: Asian Pacific Tropical Medicine Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
354.7106%
Sludge dewatering and treatment may cost as much as the wastewater treatment. Usually large proportion of the pollutants in wastewater is organic. They are attacked by saprophytic microorganisms, i.e. organisms that feed upon dead organic matter. Activity of organisms causes decomposition of organic matter and destroys them, where the bacteria convert the organic matter or other constituents in the wastewater to new cells, water, gases and other products. Demolition activities, including renovation/remodeling works and complete or selective removal/demolishing of existing structures either by man-made processes or by natural disasters, create an extensive amount of wastes. These demolition wastes are characterized as heterogeneous mixtures of building materials that are usually contaminated with chemicals and dirt. In developing countries, it is estimated that demolition wastes comprise 20% to 30% of the total annual solid wastes. In Egypt, the daily quantity of construction and demolition (C&D) waste has been estimated as 10 000 tones. That is equivalent to one third of the total daily municipal solid wastes generated per day in Egypt. The zabbaliin have since expanded their activities and now take the waste they collect back to their garbage villages where it is sorted into recyclable components: paper...

Comparison of Different Irrigants in the Removal of Endotoxins and Cultivable Microorganisms from Infected Root Canals

Valera, Marcia Carneiro; Cardoso, Flávia Goulart da Rosa; Chung, Adriana; Xavier, Ana Cláudia Carvalho; Figueiredo, Mariana Diehl; Martinho, Frederico Canato; Palo, Renato Miotto
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
278.80078%
This study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of different irrigants used to remove endotoxins and cultivable microorganisms during endodontic therapy. Forty root canals were contaminated and divided into groups according to the irrigant: 2% NaOCl + surfactant, 2% CHX, 2.5% NaOCl, and pyrogen-free saline solution (control). Samples were collected after root canal contamination (S1), after instrumentation (S2), and 7 days after instrumentation (S3). Microorganisms and endotoxins were recovered from 100% of the contaminated root canals (S1). At S2, 2% NaOCl + surfactant, 2% CHX, and 2.5% NaOCl were able to completely eliminate cultivable microorganisms. At S3, both 2% CHX and 2.5% NaOCl were effective in preventing C. albicans and E. coli regrowth, but E. faecalis was still detected. No microorganism species was recovered from root canals instrumented with 2% NaOCl + surfactant. At S2, a higher percentage value of endotoxin reduction was found for 2% NaOCl + surfactant (99.3%) compared to 2% CHX (98.9%) and 2.5% NaOCl (97.18%) (p < 0.05). Moreover, at S3, 2% NaOCl + surfactant (100%) was the most effective irrigant against endotoxins. All irrigants tested were effective in reducing microorganisms and endotoxins from root canals. Moreover...

Evaluación del efecto de la utilización de microorganismos eficientes en el agua de bebida sobre los parámetros productivos de cerdos en etapa de levante en el Municipio de Sotaquirá.

Guio Espitia, Eidy Tatiana
Fonte: ecapma; UNAD Publicador: ecapma; UNAD
Tipo: Proyecto_Aplicado_o_Tesis Formato: pdf
ES
Relevância na Pesquisa
269.51453%
Tablas, Gráficas e Imágenes y Mapa geográfico; Para el desarrollo de la investigación se utilizaron 20 cerdos de la raza pietran: se agruparon mediante un diseño completamente al azar, estos fueron divididos en cuatro tratamientos: un tratamiento “T1” como testigo y los otros tres como experimentales “T2, T3, y T4”, adicionándoles 2, 4 y 6 por ciento respectivamente de microorganismos eficientes (EM) en el agua de bebida, con un margen de error de p<0,05. Las variables a medir fueron ganancia de peso, conversión de alimento, contenido de amoniaco en las heces y análisis económico. Dando como resultado que la ganancia de peso en promedio para cada tratamiento fue; para el tratamiento T1 292.86 gr, para el tratamiento T2 346,43 gr para el tratamiento T3 414,29 gr y para el tratamiento T4 de 442,86 gr La conversión de alimento dio como resultado; que el tratamiento T1 al cual no se le adicionó ningún porcentaje de microorganismos eficientes (EM), no arrojó ninguna variabilidad, T2 que se le adicionó el menor porcentaje de microorganismos eficientes (EM) tienen una conversión mínima a comparación con los T3, T4 que presentaron una mayor conversión, siendo los tratamientos a los cuales se les adicionó una cantidad significativa de microorganismos eficientes (EM).; For the development of research used 20 Pietran pigs were used...

Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials

Park, S. J.; Hong, J. T.; Choi, S. J.; Kim, H. S.; Park, W. K.; Han, S. T.; Park, J. Y.; Lee, S.; Kim, D. S.; Ahn, Y. H.
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/05/2014 EN
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271.97502%
Microorganisms such as fungi and bacteria cause many human diseases and therefore rapid and accurate identification of these substances is essential for effective treatment and prevention of further infections. In particular, contemporary microbial detection technique is limited by the low detection speed which usually extends over a couple of days. Here we demonstrate that metamaterials operating in the terahertz frequency range shows promising potential for use in fabricating the highly sensitive and selective microbial sensors that are capable of high-speed on-site detection of microorganisms in both ambient and aqueous environments. We were able to detect extremely small amounts of the microorganisms, because their sizes are on the same scale as the micro-gaps of the terahertz metamaterials. The resonant frequency shift of the metamaterials was investigated in terms of the number density and the dielectric constants of the microorganisms, which was successfully interpreted by the change in the effective dielectric constant of a gap area.

“Foto-antibióticos” - a luz na fotoinativação de micro-organismos; “Photo-antibiotics” – the light in the photoinactivation of microorganisms

Stephanie M. S. Ló; Universidade de Aveiro; Sandra M. W. Barreira; Universidade Federal do Paraná; Alan G. Gonçalves; Universidade Federal do Paraná; João P. C. Tomé; Universidade de Aveiro
Fonte: Revista Virtual de Química Publicador: Revista Virtual de Química
Tipo: ; Formato: binary/octet-stream
Publicado em 07/01/2015 PT
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363.57324%
The interest in photodynamic inactivation (PDI) has been motivated by the increasing appearance of microorganisms resistant to antibiotics, due to the excessive or inappropriate use of these drugs. PDI involves the combination of a photosensitizer, light and molecular oxygen in order to cause selective destruction of microorganisms. This technique has been proven to be effective against viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. This paper aims to highlight some of the results already obtained from the PDI studies. DOI: 10.5935/1984-6835.20150019; O interesse pela inativação fotodinâmica (PDI) tem sido motivado pelo crescente aparecimento de micro-organismos resistentes aos antibióticos, decorrente do uso excessivo ou inadequado destes medicamentos. A PDI envolve a combinação de um fotossensibilizador, luz e oxigênio molecular com o objetivo de causar destruição seletiva de micro-organismos. Esta vem se mostrando bastante eficiente contra vírus, bactérias, fungos e parasitas. Este trabalho visa apresentar alguns dos resultados já obtidos nos estudos de PDI de micro-organismos. DOI: 10.5935/1984-6835.20150019