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Cytotoxic lipidic α-amino acids from the zoanthid Protopalythoa variabilis from the Northeastern coast of Brazil

WILKE, Diego Veras; JIMENEZ, Paula Christine; PESSOA, Claudia; MORAES, Manoel Odorico de; ARAÚJO, Renata Mendonça; SILVA, Wildson Max Barbosa da; SILVEIRA, Edilberto Rocha; PESSOA, Otília Deusdênia Loiola; BRAZ-FILHO, Raimundo; LOPES, Norberto Peporin
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Two lipidic α-amino acids 1a and 1b were isolated from the zoanthid Protopalythoa variabilis using a bioguided fractionation for cytotoxic activity. The structures of the metabolites were determined by spectroscopic methods, including NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) ¹H e 13C, IR (infrared) and high resolution mass spectrometry (positive mode). The cytotoxic activity of the crude extract, as well as of the mixture of 1a and 1b were measured in vitro using the MTT assay for four human tumor cell lines. This finding has important biological and chemical implications for this type of compound. This is the first report of lipidic α-amino acids from natural sources, as well as of their cytotoxic activity.; Dois α-aminoácidos lipídicos 1a e 1b foram isolados do zoantídeo Protopalythoa variabilis através de fracionamento guiado pela atividade citotóxica. As estruturas foram determinadas por diferentes métodos espectroscópicos, tais como, RMN (ressonância magnética nuclear) ¹H e 13C, IV (infravermelho) e espectrometria de massa de alta resolução (modo positivo). A atividade citotóxica dos extratos, das frações e 1a/1b foi avaliada in vitro através do teste do MTT contra quatro linhagens de células tumorais. Este achado tem implicações biológicas e químicas importantes para essa classe de compostos. Este é o primeiro relato de α-aminoácidos lipídicos a partir de uma fonte natural...

Evaluation of the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of crude extracts of Cordia ecalyculata and Echinodorus grandiflorus

SILVA, Cristiano Jose da; BASTOS, Jairo Kenupp; TAKAHASHI, Catarina Satie
Fonte: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Ethnopharmacological relevance: Cordia ecalyculata Veil. and Echinodorus grandiflorus (Cham. & Schltdl) Micheli are extensively used in Brazil as therapeutic preparations for indigenous groups and the general population. These plants have been used in the folk medicine as: tonic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, appetite suppressants, for the treatment of snake bites, and weight loss. Aim of the study: In this study, it was verified the possible cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of the crude extracts of. Cordia ecalyculata and Echinodorus grandiflorus, as well as their effectiveness in treating obesity. Materials and methods: The Micronucleus Test was used for the evaluation of possible clastogenic and aneugenic effects, and the Comet Assay was used for the evaluation of single-strand and double-strand DNA breaks. The cytotoxic effects of the crude extracts were verified by PCE/NCE ratio. Swiss mice (Mus musculus) were used as the experimental model. Results: It was observed a significant (P < 0.05) increase, dose-independent, in the average frequency of micronucleated erythrocytes in peripheral blood in mice treated with either the Cordia ecalyculata or Echinodorus grandiflorus extracts, in comparison with the negative control. There were no significant differences (P > 0.05) in the frequency of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes for both extract treatment. We observed that treatment with the Cordia ecalyculata extract at concentrations of 1000 and 2000 mg/kg bw resulted in a PCE/NCE ratio that was larger (P < 0.05) than the negative control. After 15 days of daily treatment. a dose of 2000 mg/kg bw of either phytotherapeutic did not reduce body mass gain or the amount of food consumed by Swiss mice when compared with the negative control (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study allowed us to infer that the crude extracts of Cordia ecalyculata and Echinodorus grandiflorus do not display cytotoxic or genotoxic activities. However...

An evaluation of the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of the anti-obesity drugs sibutramine and fenproporex

SILVA, Cristiano Jose da; SANTOS, Jose Ernesto dos; TAKAHASHI, Catarina Satie
Fonte: SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD Publicador: SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Anti-obesity medications deserve special considerations at the present time due to an increasing number of overweight and obese people who require these therapeutic alternatives. Obesity is positively associated with several chronic illnesses, including cancer. In this work, we evaluated the possible genotoxic and/or cytotoxic actions of two drugs, sibutramine and fenproporex, in the doses of 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg body weight (bw), administered intraperitoneally in male Swiss mice. The genotoxic effect was analyzed by comet assay and micronucleus test. We found that both drugs increased the frequency of genotoxic damage in Swiss mice, but did not present cytotoxic activities towards the polychromatic erythrocytes of the bone marrow of these animals.; CNPq; CAPES; FAEPA; HCFMRP - Universidade de São Paulo (USP); SEEGO; Universidade de São Paulo - FMRP-USP

The presence of CD56/CD16 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia correlates with the expression of cytotoxic molecules and is associated with worse response to treatment

DALMAZZO, Leandro F. F.; JACOMO, Rafael H.; MARINATO, Andre F.; FIGUEIREDO-PONTES, Lorena L.; CUNHA, Renato L. G.; GARCIA, Aglair B.; REGO, Eduardo M.; FALCAO, Roberto P.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Some cases of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) express markers found in natural-killer (NK) cells, such as CD56 and CD16. Out of 84 T-cell ALL cases diagnosed at our Institution, CD56 and/or CD16 was detected in 24 (28.5%), which we designated T/NK-ALL group. Clinical features, laboratory characteristics, survival and expression of cytotoxic molecules were compared in T/NK-ALL and T-ALL patients. Significant differences were observed regarding age (24.9 vs. 16.4 years in T/NK-ALL and T-ALL, respectively, P = 0.006) and platelet counts (177 x 10(9)/l vs. 75 x 10(9)/l in T/NK-ALL and T-ALL, respectively, P = 0.03). Immunophenotypic analysis demonstrated that CD34, CD45RA and CD33 were more expressed in T/NK-ALL patients, whereas CD8 and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase were more expressed in T-ALL patients (P < 0.05). The mean overall survival (863 vs. 1869 d, P = 0.02) and disease-free survival (855 vs. 2095 d, P = 0.002) were shorter in patients expressing CD56/CD16. However, multivariate analysis identified CD56/CD16 as an independent prognostic factor only for DFS. Cytotoxic molecules were highly expressed in T/NK-ALL compared to T-ALL. Perforin, granzyme B and TIA-1 were detected in 12/17, 4/17 and 7/24 T/NK-ALL patients and in 1/20...

Cytotoxic effects of butanolic extract from Pfaffia paniculata (Brazilian Ginseng) on cultured human breast cancer cell line MCF-7

NAGAMINE, Marcia Kazumi; SILVA, Tereza Cristina da; MATSUZAKI, Patricia; PINELLO, Katia Cristina; COGLIATI, Bruno; PIZZO, Celia Regina; AKISUE, Gokithi; HARAGUCHI, Mitsue; GORNIAK, Silvana Lima; SINHORINI, Idercio Luiz; RAO, Kurapati Venkata Kesava; BARBU
Fonte: ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG Publicador: ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Roots of Pfaffia paniculata have been well documented for multifarious therapeutic values and have also been used for cancer therapy in folk medicine. This study has been performed in a human breast tumor cell line, the MCF-7 cells. These are the most commonly used model of estrogen-positive breast cancer, and it has been originally established in 1973 at the Michigan Cancer Foundation from a pleural effusion taken from a woman with metastatic breast cancer. Butanolic extract of the roots of P. paniculata showed cytotoxic effect MCF-7 cell line. as determined with crystal violet assay, cellular death with acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining, and cell proliferation with immunocytochemistry of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). Subcellular alterations were evaluated by electron microscopy. Cells treated With butanolic extract showed degeneration of cytoplasmic components and profound morphological and nuclear alterations. The results show that this butanolic extract indeed presents cytotoxic substances, and its fractions merit further investigations. (C) 2008 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.; Fundcao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)[02/05083-7]; FAPESP and also supported by CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico...

Use of self-organizing maps and molecular descriptors to predict the cytotoxic activity of sesquiterpene lactones

FERNANDES, Mariane B.; SCOTTI, Marcus T.; FERREIRA, Marcelo J. P.; EMERENCIANO, Vicente P.
Fonte: ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER Publicador: ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Some sesquiterpene lactones (SLs) are the active compounds of a great number of traditionally medicinal plants from the Asteraceae family and possess considerable cytotoxic activity. Several studies in vitro have shown the inhibitory activity against cells derived from human carcinoma of the nasopharynx (KB). Chemical studies showed that the cytotoxic activity is due to the reaction of alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl structures of the SLs with thiols, such as cysteine. These studies support the view that SLs inhibit tumour growth by selective alkylation of growth-regulatory biological macromolecules, such as key enzymes, which control cell division, thereby inhibiting a variety of cellular functions, which directs the cells into apoptosis. In this study we investigated a set of 55 different sesquiterpene lactones, represented by 5 skeletons (22 germacranolides, 6 elemanolides, 2 eudesmanolides, 16 guaianolides and nor-derivatives and 9 pseudoguaianolides), in respect to their cytotoxic properties. The experimental results and 3D molecular descriptors were submitted to Kohonen self-organizing map (SOM) to classify (training set) and predict (test set) the cytotoxic activity. From the obtained results, it was concluded that only the geometrical descriptors showed satisfactory values. The Kohonen map obtained after training set using 25 geometrical descriptors shows a very significant match...

2-Acetylpyridine- and 2-benzoylpyridine-derived hydrazones and their gallium(III) complexes are highly cytotoxic to glioma cells

Despaigne, Angel A. R.; Parrilha, Gabrieli L.; Izidoro, Jans B.; da Costa, Pryscila R.; dos Santos, Raquel G.; Piro, Oscar E.; Castellano, Eduardo Ernesto; Rocha, Willian R.; Beraldo, Heloisa
Fonte: ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER; PARIS Publicador: ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER; PARIS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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2-Acetylpyridine-phenylhydrazone (H2AcPh), its para-chlorophenylhydrazone (H2AcpClPh) and para-nitrophenylhydrazone (H2AcpNO(2)Ph) analogues, the corresponding 2-benzoylpyridine-derived hydrazones (H2BzPh, H2BzpClPh and H2BzpNO(2)Ph) and their gallium(III) complexes were assayed for their cytotoxic activity against U87 (expressing wild-type p53 protein) and T98 (expressing mutant p53 protein) glioma cells. IC50 values against both glioma cells and against the MRC5 (human fetal lung fibroblast) lineage were obtained for the hydrazones, but not for their gallium(III) complexes, due to their low solubility. Hydrazones were highly cytotoxic at nanomolar doses against U87 and T98 cells. The therapeutic indexes (TI = IC50MRC5/IC50glioma) were 2-660 for T98 cells and 28-5000 for U87 cells, indicating that the studied hydrazones could be good antitumor drug candidates to treat brain tumors. (C) 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.; CNPq; CNPq; INCT-INOFAR [Proc. CNPq 573.364/2008-6]; INCTINOFAR; INCTCatalise; INCT-CATALISE; FAPEMIG; FAPEMIG; CNEN; CNEN; FAPESP (Brazil); FAPESP (Brazil); CONICET (Argentina); CONICET (Argentina)

In vivo assessment of specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte killing

Clemente, T.; Dominguez, M. R.; Vieira, N. J.; Rodrigues, M. M.; Mendes, Joao Gustavo Pessini Amarante
Fonte: Academic Press; San Diego Publicador: Academic Press; San Diego
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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The direct killing of target cells by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) plays a fundamental role in protective immunity to viral, bacterial, protozoan and fungi infections, as well as to tumor cells. In vivo cytotoxic assays take into account the interaction of target and effector cells in the context of the proper microenvironment making the analysis biologically more relevant than in vitro cytotoxic assays. Thus, the development, improvement and validation of in vivo methods are necessary in view of the importance of the results they may provide. We describe and discuss in this manuscript a method to evaluate in vivo specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte killing. We used as model system mice immunized with human recombinant replication-deficient adenovirus 5 (HAd5) containing different transgenes as the trigger of a CTL-mediated immune response. To these mice, we adoptively transferred syngeneic cells labeled with different vital fluorescent dyes. Donor cells were pulsed (target) or not (control non-target) with distinct CD8 T-cell epitopes, mixed in a 1:1 ratio and injected i.v. into immunized or non-immunized recipient mice. After 18-24h, spleen cells are collected and analysed by flow cytometry. A deviation from the 1:1 ratio of control and target cell populations indicates antigen specific lysis of target cells; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia (INCT); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)

Avaliação da atividade antibacteriana e citotóxica dos alcalóides isoquinolínicos de Annona hypoglauca Mart; Antibacterial and cytotoxic evaluation of isoquinoline alkaloids from Annona hypoglauca Mart

Rinaldi, Maria Valeria Nani
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/10/2007 PT
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Annona hypoglauca Mart. foi coletada em área inundada da Floresta Amazônica, próximo à Manaus (Brasil). Os alcalóides foram obtidos do extrato bruto do caule por partição ácido-base, e a partir do resíduo dessa extração foi realizada a partição com solventes de diferentes polaridades, originando as frações livres de alcalóides. A partir da análise de CG-EM dos alcalóides totais foi possível caracterizar sete alcalóides aporfínicos (actinodafinina, anonaina, glaucina, isoboldina, isodomesticina, nornuciferina e roemerina) e possivelmente duas protoberberinas (esculerina e caseadina). Os alcalóides totais foram fracionados em coluna cromatográfica e posteriormente purificados em placa cromatográfica preparativa permitindo o isolamento de dois alcalóides aporfínicos: actinodafinina e isoboldina. As estruturas desses produtos naturais foram definidos com base em espectros de dados, incluindo 1H RMN, 13C RMN, 13C DEPT e CG-EM. Pela primeira vez a ocorrência da actinodafinina esta sendo reportada em uma espécies de Annona. O extrato bruto, as frações livres de alcalóides, os alcalóides totais e suas frações foram submetidos a avaliação da atividade antibacteriana por microdiluição e atividade citotóxica in vitro frente a células de tumores humanos. Para todos os extratos testados...

Relação entre eficiência fotodinâmica, citotoxicidade e propriedades moleculares de corantes para aplicação em terapia fotodinâmica; Relation between photodynamic efficiency, cytotoxic and molecular properties of dyes for application in photodynamic therapy

Buck, Suélen Tadéia Gasparetto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/03/2009 PT
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A terapia fotodinâmica consiste em uma nova e promissora técnica de tratamento de câncer. O tratamento se baseia na administração tópica ou sistêmica de um fotossensibilizador, que se acumula seletivamente em tecido tumoral. Na presença de luz e oxigênio o fotossensibilizador produz espécies tóxicas levando as células à morte. Neste trabalho foi determinada a eficiência fotodinâmica dos corantes fenotiazínicos (Azul de Metileno e Azul de Toluidina O) e xantenos (Rose Bengal, Eritrosina B, Eosina Y e Fluoresceína) através da comparação dos valores de concentração inibitória media (IC50) em células tumorais HEp-2; atividade fotodinâmica utilizando o ácido úrico como dosímetro químico; interação com proteína através da constante de ligação (KA) com BSA e coeficiente de partição em octanol-água (logP). Os resultados foram relacionados com as propriedades moleculares destes corantes afim de se obter uma melhor compreensão de suas estruturas e fornecer subsídios para o planejamento de novos e melhores compostos para serem utilizados como fotossensibilizadores em PDT. Os experimentos mostraram que os fenotiazínicos são mais citotóxicos nesta linhagem celular do que os xantenos, sendo que o Azul de Toluidina O possui o menor valor de IC50. Dentre os xantenos...

Novo papel da galectina-1 como molécula efetora de células citotóxicas.; New role for galectin-1 as effector molecule of cytotoxic cells.

Machado, Tiago Clemente
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/03/2014 PT
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A exocitose de grânulos secretórios é o principal mecanismo efetor de células TCD8+. No entanto, pouco se sabe sobre a composição dos grânulos líticos dessas células. Resultados prévios do nosso grupo identificaram algumas dezenas de novas proteínas desses grânulos. Dentre elas foi identificada Gal-1. A literatura relata que Gal-1 age por via exógena através de sua secreção por via não convencional. Dados iniciais do nosso grupo apontam um novo cenário para esta proteína no qual ela está presente em grânulos citotóxicos. Através das técnicas de microscopia eletrônica e confocal e de ensaios de citotoxicidade, nossos resultados sugerem que Gal-1 participa do papel citotóxico das CTLs modulando a via dos receptores de morte FAS-FASL. Nós também mostramos que Gal-1 interfere com o tempo de contato entre APCs e linfócitos TCD8+, com a ativação dessas células e com o controle da proliferação dos linfócitos. Nossos resultados apontam um novo cenário para Gal-1, no qual ela está presente em grânulos líticos das CTLs e está relacionada a resposta efetora dessas células.; Exocytosis of secretory granules is the main effector mechanism of CD8+ T cells. In particular, little is known about CTLs lytic granules composition. Previous results from our group identified a few dozens of new proteins associated with these granules. Among them...

Avaliação in vitro da atividade antifúngica e citotóxica de cumarinas naturais e sintéticas; In vitro antifungal and cytotoxic activities of natural and synthetic coumarins

Vianna, Damiana da Rocha
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Cumarinas são estruturas promissoras e diversas atividades biológicas têm sido atribuídas a esses metabólitos secundários vegetais. Estudos sugerem que o mecanismo antifúngico desses compostos esteja correlacionado com a atividade antioxidante. A reação da tirosinase, que produz radicais livres, está envolvida no processo de melanização do fungo Sporothrix schenckii, o causador de micose subcutânea de maior incidência no sul do Brasil. A inibição dessa enzima foi recentemente reportada para extrato de Pterocaulon (Asteraceae), planta rica em cumarinas e usada na medicina tradicional do Brasil para tratamento tópico de micoses e na medicina popular da Argentina como anticâncer. O objetivo desse trabalho foi investigar in vitro a atividade antifúngica, correlacionando-a com atividade antioxidante, de extratos de espécies de Pterocaulon e de 6,7-metilenodioxicumarinas isoladas e também de 4-metilcumarinas obtidas por síntese, bem como a investigação da atividade citotóxica de algumas destas moléculas. As 6,7-metilenodioxicumarinas foram isoladas de P. balansae e P. lorentzii, enquanto que as 4-metilcumarinas foram sintetizadas via Pechmann por micro-ondas. A atividade antifúngica contra Sporotrix schenckii foi realizada conforme manual do Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. O estudo das propriedades eletroquímicas foi obtido por voltametria cíclica e a capacidade antioxidante pelo método espectofotométrico DPPH (1...

Cytotoxic, antibacterial, antioxidant, and anticholinesterasic activity of Juniperus brevifolia extracts

Oliveira, Nemésia; Medeiros, Sofia; Barreto, Maria do Carmo; Seca, Ana M. L.; Rosa, José S.
Fonte: SPQ/UA Publicador: SPQ/UA
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /06/2013 ENG
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XXIII Encontro Nacional da Sociedade Portuguesa de Química. Aveiro, 12-14 de Junho 2013.; The cytotoxic, antibacterial, antioxidant and anticholinesterasic (anti-AChE) activities of the methanol and acetone extracts of Juniperus brevifolia wood and bark were determined. The present study demonstrates that bark extracts of J. brevifolia are the most active and showed good antioxidant activity, lower anti-AChE activity except for the acetone extract, poor cytotoxic and antibacterial activities and absence of activity for Gram (-) bacteria.

Antioxidant potential and cytotoxic activity of two red seaweed species, Amansia multifida and Meristiella echinocarpa, from the coast of Northeastern Brazil

ALENCAR,DANIEL B. DE; SILVA,SUZETE R. DA; PIRES-CAVALCANTE,KELMA M.S.; LIMA,REBECA L. DE; PEREIRA JÚNIOR,FRANCISCO N.; SOUSA,MÁRCIA B. DE; VIANA,FRANCISCO A.; NAGANO,CELSO S.; NASCIMENTO,KYRIA S. DO; CAVADA,BENILDO S.; SAMPAIO,ALEXANDRE H.; SAKER-SAMPAI
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
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Natural antioxidants found in marine macroalgae are bioactive compounds known to play an important role in the prevention of diseases associated with aging cells protecting them against the oxidative damage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of ethanolic extracts of two species of red seaweeds, Amansia multifida and Meristiella echinocarpa. In vitro antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH radical scavenging assay, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay, ferrous ion chelating (FIC) assay, β-carotene bleaching (BCB) assay and total phenolic content (TPC) quantification. Cytotoxicity was evaluated with the brine shrimp Artemia sp. lethality test. The TPC values observed in the present study indicated that both species A. multifida and M. echinocarpa are rich in phenolic compounds, reaching values of 45.40 and 28.46 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE) g−1 of ethanolic extract, respectively. DPPH radical scavenging and ferrous ion chelating showed values of 60% and 17%, respectively. Both seaweed extracts inhibited β-carotene oxidation by approximately 40%. None of the algal extracts were potentially cytotoxic. The results have showed that extracts of both species of marine red algae exhibit antioxidant potential and low toxicity. They are sources of natural antioxidant compounds.

Cytotoxic lipidic α-amino acids from the zoanthid Protopalythoa variabilis from the Northeastern coast of Brazil

Wilke,Diego Veras; Jimenez,Paula Christine; Pessoa,Claudia; Moraes,Manoel Odorico de; Araújo,Renata Mendonça; Silva,Wildson Max Barbosa da; Silveira,Edilberto Rocha; Pessoa,Otília Deusdênia Loiola; Braz-Filho,Raimundo; Lopes,Norberto Peporine; Costa-L
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
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Two lipidic α-amino acids 1a and 1b were isolated from the zoanthid Protopalythoa variabilis using a bioguided fractionation for cytotoxic activity. The structures of the metabolites were determined by spectroscopic methods, including NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) ¹H e 13C, IR (infrared) and high resolution mass spectrometry (positive mode). The cytotoxic activity of the crude extract, as well as of the mixture of 1a and 1b were measured in vitro using the MTT assay for four human tumor cell lines. This finding has important biological and chemical implications for this type of compound. This is the first report of lipidic α-amino acids from natural sources, as well as of their cytotoxic activity.

Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel conjugates of camptothecin and 5-flurouracil as cytotoxic agents

Yang,Liu; Zhao,Chun-Yan; Liu,Ying-Qian
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2011 EN
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A series of novel conjugates of camptothecin and 5-fluorouracil were first synthesized and their cytotoxic activities against two human tumor cell lines (SGC-7901 and A-549) as well as in vitro pharmacokinetic determination of lactone stability were studied. Among these compounds, most tested conjugates showed comparable or superior cytotoxic activities to 2, but less potent compared with 1. Particularly, conjugates 10b and 10d were highly active against A-549 with IC50 values of 0.45 and 0.38 µmol L-1, respectively. Also, the in vitro pharmacokinetic determination of lactone levels of representative compound 10b showed that the biological life span of their lactone forms in human and mouse plasma significantly increased compared with their mother compound 1. Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) method was then applied for developing linear models to predict the cytotoxic activities of these derivatives that have not yet been synthesized or experimentally tested. In addition, molecular docking was used to clarify the binding mode of these derivatives to human DNA topoisomerase I. The important hydrogen-bonding interactions were observed between these derivatives and their receptor. The results from molecular modeling and QSAR study can guide the design of novel conjugates with higher antitumor activity.

DIARRHEA OUTBREAK IN PERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL, ASSOCIATED WITH A HEAT-STABLE CYTOTOXIC ENTEROTOXIN PRODUCED BY Aeromonas caviae

LOPES,Ana Carolina Amaral; MARTINS,Luciano Moura; GATTI,Maria Silvia Viccari; FALAVINA DOS REIS,Cristhiane Moura; HOFER,Ernesto; YANO,Tomomasa
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 EN
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SUMMARYIn the present study enterotoxic and cytotoxic activities of twenty Aeromonas caviaestrains were examined. They originated from fecal specimens of patients with acute diarrhea during an outbreak in Brazil in 2004. Culture supernatants of fourteen strains (70%) caused fluid accumulation in rabbit ileal intestinal loops and in suckling mice assays, and also showed a cytotoxic activity in Vero and Caco-2 cells. The enterotoxic and cytotoxic factors were heat-stable after culture supernatants treatment at 100 ºC. The results revealed that A. caviaestrains produce a putative diarrheagenic virulence factor, a heat-stable cytotoxic enterotoxin that could be linked to the diarrhea outbreak that took place in Brazil.

Interleukin-4-mediated downregulation of cytotoxic T lymphocyte activity is associated with reduced proliferation of antigen-specific CD8 + T cells

Rolph, M; Ramshaw, Ian
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52536%
During virus infection, exogenous IL-4 strongly downregulates expression of antiviral cytokines and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses. In this study, we have employed a T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic system to more closely investigate the effect of IL-4 on CTL activity. This system involves mice transgenic for an H2-Kb restricted TCR recognising an ovalbumin (OVA)-specific peptide (OT-I mice), and recombinant vaccinia viruses expressing the gene for OVA (VV-OVA), or OVA together with IL-4 (VV-OVA-IL-4). Spleen cells from OT-I mice were adoptively transferred to irradiated C57BL/6 mice infected with VV-OVA or VV-OVA-IL-4. Five days following transfer, markedly stronger CTL activity was detected in VV-OVA- than in VV-OVA-IL-4-infected recipients. The reduction in CTL activity was associated with a reduction in the number of OVA-specific CD8+ T cells. Proliferation of cells from VV-OVA-IL-4-infected recipients was dramatically reduced, and this is a likely explanation for the IL-4-mediated reduction in the total number of OVA-specific cells and the reduced cytotoxic activity. On a per cell basis, the production of IFNγ and cytotoxic activity of OVA-specific CD8+ cells was not influenced by IL-4. Taken together, our results indicate that the reduction in CTL activity by exogenous IL-4 is due to a reduced number of antigen-specific effectors...

Cell death mediated by alloreactive cytotoxic T cells via the granule exocytosis or the Fas pathway is independent of p34 cdc2 kinase: Fas dependent killing of cells arrested in the cell cycle

Waring, Paul; Mullbacher, Arno
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52536%
Inappropriate activation of p34cdc2 kinase has been shown to occur during apoptosis induced by cytotoxic T-cell derived perforin and fragmentin. We analysed the effect of two inhibitors of p34cdc2 kinase on alloreactive Tc-cell-mediated lysis and DNA fragmentation of P815 and L1210 target cells. Olomoucine, a specific inhibitor of cyclin dependent kinases, did not affect DNA fragmentation in the target cells. Lysis of olomoucine-treated target cells as assessed by 51Cr release over a typical 8-h period was also unaffected. We also examined the effects of thapsigargin on target cell death. This toxin causes increased intracellular calcium rises that then result in irreversible inhibition of cyclin dependent kinases, including p34cdc2 kinase. The same extent of specific cell lysis was induced by cytotoxic T cells from perforin(-/-), granzyme B(-/-), granzyme A(-/-), perforin(-/-) X granzymeB(-/-) X granzymeA(-/-) KO mice or normal mice in untreated target cells or target cells treated with either olomoucine or thapsigargin, Similarly DNA fragmentation measured by release of tritiated DNA was also unaffected. Thus inhibition of p34cdc2 kinase affects neither the Fas nor the perforin/granzyme pathways of alloreactive cytotoxic T-cell killing as measured by DNA fragmentation or chromium release. P815 cells treated with olomoucine were arrested in the cell cycle after 12-16 h exposure to the toxin. After cell cycle arrest...

Evaluation of cytotoxic potential of latex of Calotropis procera and Podophyllotoxin in Allum cepa root model

Sehgal,R.; Roy,S.; Kumar,V.L.
Fonte: Biocell Publicador: Biocell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.476152%
In the present study we have utilized the Allium cepa root tip meristem model to evaluate the cytotoxic and anti-mitotic activities of latex of Calotropis procera (DL) and podophyllotoxin. Standard cytotoxic drug cyclophosphamide and non-cytotoxic drugs cyproheptadine and aspirin served as controls. Like cyclophosphamide, both DL and podophyllotoxin significantly inhibited the growth of roots and mitotic activity in a dose-dependent manner. However, podophyllotoxin was more potent in this regard and produced root decay. Cyproheptadine and aspirin, on the other hand, showed a marginal effect on the root growth and mitotic activity at much higher concentrations.