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The Raman spectra of serine and 3,3-dideutero-serine in aqueous solution

Jarmelo, S.; Carey, P. R.; Fausto, R.
Fonte: Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: aplication/PDF
ENG
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The Raman spectra of serine [[alpha]-amino-[beta]-hydroxypropionic acid; HOCH2CH(NH3)+COO-] and 3,3-dideutero-serine [HOCD2CH(NH3)+COO-] in aqueous solution were studied in the range 4000-300 cm-1. The data obtained for the deuterated compound are novel and provide compelling evidence that previously reported assignments for the undeuterated amino acid should be revised.; http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6THW-4KNMB16-1/1/19da7b30f32b5efeacb053228a66c4a4

Biobased films prepared from NaOH/thiourea aqueous solution of chitosan and linter cellulose

MORGADO, D. L.; FROLLINI, E.; CASTELLAN, A.; ROSA, D. S.; COMA, V.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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In the present study, films based on linter cellulose and chitosan were prepared using an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (NaOH)/thiourea as the solvent system. The dissolution process of cellulose and chitosan in NaOH/thiourea aqueous solution was followed by the partial chain depolymerization of both biopolymers, which facilitates their solubilization. Biobased films with different chitosan/cellulose ratios were then elaborated by a casting method and subsequent solvent evaporation. They were characterized by X-ray analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), thermal analysis, and tests related to tensile strength and biodegradation properties. The SEM images of the biofilms with 50/50 and 60/40 ratio of chitosan/cellulose showed surfaces more wrinkled than the others. The AFM images indicated that higher the content of chitosan in the biobased composite film, higher is the average roughness value. It was inferred through thermal analysis that the thermal stability was affected by the presence of chitosan in the films; the initial temperature of decomposition was shifted to lower levels in the presence of chitosan. Results from the tests for tensile strength indicated that the blending of cellulose and chitosan improved the mechanical properties of the films and that an increase in chitosan content led to production of films with higher tensile strength and percentage of elongation. The degradation study in a simulated soil showed that the higher the crystallinity...

Influência da complexação com ciclodextrinas sobre a degradação fotolítica do pizotifeno em solução aquosa; Influence of cyclodextrin complexation over the photolytic degradation of pizotifeno in aqueous solution

Lopes Junior, José Arthur Peres
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/02/2011 PT
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As ciclodextrinas são oligossacarídeos descobertos há mais de cem anos e utilizados para modificação de propriedades físico-químicas de moléculas, aplicadas especialmente para aumentar/modificar sua solubilidade através da formação de complexos de inclusão tipo hóspede-hospedeiro entre sua cavidade apolar e grupamentos afins das moléculas hóspedes. O sucesso na obtenção dos complexos de inclusão depende muito do método empregado e é necessário conhecer as opções disponíveis para selecionar a melhor relação entre eficiência e rendimento. Dentre as técnicas utilizadas para a obtenção destes complexos as mais destacadas são a coprecipitação, coevaporação, neutralização, liofilização, spray-drying, malaxagem, moagem e fluidos supercríticos. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a influência da complexação do pizotifeno (PZT) com ciclodextrinas (CDs) sobre a sua fotodegradação em solução aquosa. Para isso foram utilizados diferentes tipos de CDs (α, β e γ ). Adicionalmente, um método analítico indicador de estabilidade por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência foi desenvolvido e validado. Este método cromatográfico foi avaliado quanto a sua seletividade, linearidade...

Development and validation of a microbiological assay for determination of chlorhexidine digluconate in aqueous solution

Fiorentino, Flávia Angélica Másquio; Corrêa, Marcos Antonio; Salgado, Hérida Regina Nunes
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 351-358
ENG
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Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Chlorhexidine (CHX) is a broad-spectrum antiseptic that is used in many topical pharmaceutical formulations. Because there is no official microbiological assay reported in the literature that is used to quantify CHX, this paper reports the development and validation of a simple, sensitive, accurate and reproducible agar diffusion method for the dosage of chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX-D) in an aqueous solution. The assay is based on the inhibitory effect of CHX-D upon the strain of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, which is used as the test microorganism. The design 3x3 parallel-line model was used. The results were treated statistically by analysis of variance (ANOVA), and they were excellent in terms of linearity (r = 0.9999), presenting a significant regression between the zone diameter of growth inhibition and the logarithm of the concentration within the range of 0.5 to 4.5%. The results obtained were precise, having relative standard deviations (RSD) for intra-day and inter-day precision of 2.03% and 2.94%, respectively. The accuracy was 99.03%. The method proved to be very useful and appropriate for the microbiological dosage of CHX-D in pharmaceutical formulations; it might also be used for routine drug analysis during quality control in pharmaceutical industries.

Assessing the effectiveness of 30% sodium chloride aqueous solution for the preservation of fixed anatomical specimens: a 5-year follow-up study

Oliveira, Fabricio Singaretti de
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 118-121
ENG
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Anatomical specimens used in human or veterinary anatomy laboratories are usually prepared with formaldehyde (a cancerous and teratogenic substance), glycerin (an expensive and viscous fluid), or ethanol (which is flammable). This research aimed to verify the viability of an aqueous 30% sodium chloride solution for preservation of anatomical specimens previously fixed with formaldehyde. Anatomical specimens of ruminant, carnivorous, equine, swine and birds were used. All were previously fixed with an aqueous 20% formaldehyde solution and held for 7days in a 10% aqueous solution of the same active ingredient. During the first phase of the experiment, small specimens of animal tissue previously fixed in formaldehyde were distributed in vials with different concentrations of formaldehyde, with or without 30% sodium chloride solution, a group containing only 30% sodium chloride, and a control group containing only water. During this phase, no contamination was observed in any specimen containing 30% sodium chloride solution, whether alone or in combination with different concentrations of formaldehyde. In the second phase of the experiment, the 30% sodium chloride solution, found to be optimal in the first phase of the experiment, was tested for its long-term preservation properties. For a period of 5years...

Wear mechanisms in functionally graded aluminium matrix composites : effect of the lubrification by an aqueous solution

Gomes, J. R.; Ribeiro, A. R.; Vieira, A. C.; Miranda, A. S.; Rocha, L. A.
Fonte: Trans Tech Publications Publicador: Trans Tech Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 ENG
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Abstract. Functionally graded aluminium matrix composites reinforced with SiC particles are attractive materials for a broad range of engineering applications in the automotive, aircraft, sports, military and aerospace industries, whenever a superior combination of surface and bulk mechanical properties are required. In general, these materials are developed for the production of high wear resistant components. Also, often this kind of mechanical part operates in the presence of aggressive environments, such as marine atmospheres. In this work, aluminium composites with functionally graded properties, obtained by centrifugal cast, are characterised by reciprocating pin-on-plate sliding wear tests against nodular cast iron. Three different volume fractions of SiC reinforcing particles in each functionally graded material were considered. Sliding experiments were performed with and without the presence of a lubricant (3% NaCl aqueous solution). All tests were carried out at room temperature, under a normal load of 10N and constant frequency (1 Hz) and stroke (6 mm). In the case of the lubricated tests, electrochemical parameters (corrosion potential) were monitored during sliding. The worn surfaces as well as the wear debris were characterised by SEM/EDS. Friction values were in the order of 0.42 for unlubricated conditions...

Oxidation of sulfur (IV) by oxygen in aqueous solution: role of some metal ions

Martins,Claudia R.; Cabral Neto,Clodovil A; Alves,Janete J.F.; Andrade,Jailson B. de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/1999 EN
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Catalytic effect of metal ions: Cr(VI), Cr(III), Cd(II), V(V) and chloride anion, on the oxidation of S(IV) in aqueous solution, at concentrations of metal ions and S(IV) usually found in urban atmospheres, were studied under controlled experimental conditions (pH (2.1 - 4,5), T (25.0 - 35.0 °C), air flow rate, concentration of reactants, etc...). The kinetic constant determined at 25.0 °C and pH range (2.1 - 4.5), using ultra pure water was 8.0 ± 0.5 x 10-4 s-1. This value was considered as a reference for the oxidation reaction rate. The kinetic constants determined in the presence of Cr(VI) revealed that the oxidation reaction of S(IV) is quite influenced by the acidity. At pH = 2.1 (K = 2.3 x 10-2 mg-1 L s-1) the reaction is carried out with a rate five times greater when compared to pH = 2.6 (K = 4.3 x 10-3 mg-1 L s-1) and thirty times greater when compared to pH = 3.4 (K= 8.0 x 10 -4 mg-1 L s-1). The following rate expression was obtained at pH = 2.6: -r(S(IV) =K [Cr(VI)] [S(IV)] and the activation energy found was: Ea =70.3KJ/mol. No catalytic effects were observed for Cd(II) or chloride ion, while inhibitory effects were observed for Cr(III) and V(V) ions.

Influence of surface texture by NH4Cl aqueous solution on the electrical and optical properties of al-doped zinc oxide films

Xiao-Yong,Gao; Qing-Geng,Lin; Yu-Fen,Liu; Jing-Xiao,Lu
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Física Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Física
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2008 EN
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Aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) films were prepared on glass substrate by mid-frequency direct current reactive magnetron sputtering (MF-DC-MS). The influence of surface texture by NH4Cl aqueous solution on the surface morphology, electrical and optical properties of the AZO films was systematically investigated by scanning electron microscope, four-point probe and ultraviolet-visible-near infrared spectrophotometer, respectively. The results indicate that textured AZO film obtains a better texture surface for light trapping. The reflectivity for textured AZO film decreases drastically in visible light region and the electrical resistivity increases, which can be explained by the textured surface morphology of AZO film. The results above prove that NH4Cl aqueous solution is an appropriate candidate for AZO wet etching because of its easy control and relatively low cost.

Stabilized nanoparticles of phytosterol by rapid expansion from supercritical solution into aqueous solution

Türk, Michael; Lietzow, Ralph
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/09/2004 EN
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The basic objective of this work was to form stable suspensions of submicron particles of phytosterol, a water-insoluble drug, by rapid expansion of supercritical solution into aqueous solution (RESSAS). A supercritical phytosterol/CO2 mixture was expanded into an aqueous surfactant solution. In these experiments 4 different surfactants were used to impede growth and agglomeration of the submicron particles resulting from collisions in the free jet. The concentration of the drug in the aqueous surfactant solution was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography, while the size of the stabilized particles was measured by dynamic light scattering. Submicron phytosterol particles (<500 nm) were stabilized and in most cases a bimodal particle size distribution was obtained. Depending on surfactant and concentration of the surfactant solution, suspensions with drug concentrations up to 17 g/dm3 could be achieved, which is 2 orders of magnitude higher than the equilibrium solubility of phytosterol. Long-term stability studies indicate modest particle growth over 12 months. Thus, the results demonstrate that RESSAS can be a promising process for stabilizing submicron particles in aqueous solutions.

The Fabrication of Nano-Particles in Aqueous Solution From Oxyfluoride Glass Ceramics by Thermal Induction and Corrosion Treatment

Yu, Hua; Hu, Nan; Wang, Ya-Nan; Wang, Zi-Lan; Gan, Zong-Song; Zhao, Li-Juan
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/10/2008 EN
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An innovative route is reported to fabricate nano-particles in aqueous solution from oxyfluoride glass by the thermal induction and corrosion treatment in this letter. The investigations of X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscope based on nano-particles in glass ceramics (GCs) and aqueous solution indicate that the nano-particles formed in glass matrix during the thermal induction process are released to aqueous solution and their structure, shape and luminescent properties in glass host can be kept. Owing to the designable composition of the nano-particles during glass preparation process, the method is a novel way to obtain nano-particles in aqueous solution from GCs.

Electrosprayed Molybdenum Trioxide Aqueous Solution and Its Application in Organic Photovoltaic Cells

Suzuki, Katsumi; Fukuda, Takeshi; Liao, Yingjie
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/08/2014 EN
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A molybdenum trioxide thin film with smooth surface and uniform thickness was successfully achieved by an electrospray deposition method using an aqueous solution with a drastically low concentration of 0.05 wt%. Previous papers demonstrated that an additive solvent technique is useful for depositing the thin film by the electrospray deposition, and the high vapor pressure and a low surface tension of an additive solvent were found to be important factors. As a result, the smooth molybdenum trioxide thin film was obtained when the acetonitrile was used as the additive solvent. Furthermore, the vapor pressure of acetone is much higher than that of aqueous solution, and this indicates that the acetone is easily evaporated after spraying from the glass capillary. By optimizing a concentration of acetone in the molybdenum aqueous solution, a minimum root mean square roughness of the MoO3 thin film became 3.7 nm. In addition, an organic photovoltaic cell was also demonstrated using the molybdenum trioxide as a hole transport layer. Highest photoconversion efficiency was 1.72%, a value comparable to that using conventional thermal evaporation process even though the aqueous solution was used for the solution process. The photovonversion efficiency was not an optimized value...

Characterization of ZnO Nanorods Grown on GaN Using Aqueous Solution Method

Quang, Hong Le; Chua, Soo-Jin; Loh, Kian Ping; Chen, Zhen; Thompson, Carl V.; Fitzgerald, Eugene A.
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 69588 bytes; application/pdf
EN
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Uniformly distributed ZnO nanorods with diameter 70-100 nm and 1-2μm long have been successfully grown at low temperatures on GaN by using the inexpensive aqueous solution method. The formation of the ZnO nanorods and the growth parameters are controlled by reactant concentration, temperature and pH. No catalyst is required. The XRD studies show that the ZnO nanorods are single crystals and that they grow along the c axis of the crystal plane. The room temperature photoluminescence measurements have shown ultraviolet peaks at 388nm with high intensity, which are comparable to those found in high quality ZnO films. The mechanism of the nanorod growth in the aqueous solution is proposed. The dependence of the ZnO nanorods on the growth parameters was also investigated. While changing the growth temperature from 60°C to 150°C, the morphology of the ZnO nanorods changed from sharp tip (needle shape) to flat tip (rod shape). These kinds of structure are useful in laser and field emission application.; Singapore-MIT Alliance (SMA)

Growth of ZnO Nanorods on GaN Using Aqueous Solution Method

Quang, Hong Le; Chua, Soo-Jin; Loh, Kian Ping; Chen, Zhen; Thompson, Carl V.; Fitzgerald, Eugene A.
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 553272 bytes; application/pdf
EN
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676.5326%
Uniformly distributed ZnO nanorods with diameter 80-120 nm and 1-2µm long have been successfully grown at low temperatures on GaN by using the inexpensive aqueous solution method. The formation of the ZnO nanorods and the growth parameters are controlled by reactant concentration, temperature and pH. No catalyst is required. The XRD studies show that the ZnO nanorods are single crystals and that they grow along the c axis of the crystal plane. The room temperature photoluminescence measurements have shown ultraviolet peaks at 388nm with high intensity, which are comparable to those found in high quality ZnO films. The mechanism of the nanorod growth in the aqueous solution is proposed. The dependence of the ZnO nanorods on the growth parameters was also investigated. While changing the growth temperature from 60°C to 150°C, the morphology of the ZnO nanorods changed from sharp tip with high aspect ratio to flat tip with smaller aspect ratio. These kinds of structure are useful in laser and field emission application.; Singapore-MIT Alliance (SMA)

A study of passivity of iron in non-aqueous solution.

Burkhalter, Stephen Marks
Fonte: Monterey, California ; Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California ; Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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Passivity in aqueous solutions is reviewed and several proposed passivity models are outlined. Passivity in the non-aqueous solution of acetic acid-acetic anhydride was observed and characterized by voltage measurements. These measurements show a striking similarity to those in aqueous solution. This suggests that the same basic process is involved in both cases. Sulfuric acid, nitric acid, and chromium trioxide were used as passivating agents in the non-aqueous medium and their order is the same as in aqueous solution. The difference in the actual species in solution raises the question of the applicability of several of the passivity models outlined. Finally, suggestions are made for experiments to clarify the passivation process using nonaqueous passivated specimens.

General electrokinetic model for concentrated suspensions in aqueous electrolyte solutions: electrophoretic mobility and electrical conductivity in static electric fields

Carrique Fern??ndez, F??lix; Ruiz-Reina, Emilio; Roa, Rafael; Arroyo Rold??n, Francisco J.; Delgado, ??ngel V.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Pré-impressão
ENG
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In recent years different electrokinetic cell models for concentrated colloidal suspensions in aqueous electrolyte solutions have been developed. They share some of its premises with the standard electrokinetic model for dilute colloidal suspensions, in particular, neglecting both the specific role of the so-called added counterions (i.e., those released by the particles to the solution as they get charged), and the realistic chemistry of the aqueous solution on such electrokinetic phenomena as electrophoresis and electrical conductivity. These assumptions, while having been accepted for dilute conditions (volume fractions of solids well below 1 %, say), are now questioned when dealing with concentrated suspensions. In this work, we present a general electrokinetic cell model for such kind of systems, including the mentioned effects, and we also carry out a comparative study with the standard treatment (the standard solution only contains the ions that one purposely adds, without ionic contributions from particle charging or water chemistry). We also consider an intermediate model that neglects the realistic aqueous chemistry of the solution but accounts for the correct contribution of the added counterions. The results show the limits of applicability of the classical assumptions and allow one to better understand the relative role of the added counterions and ions stemming from the electrolyte in a realistic aqueous solution...

Fluorescent chemosensors for exploring zinc metalloneurochemistry and detecting mercury in aqueous solution

Nolan, Elizabeth M. (Elizabeth Marie), 1978-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 523 p.
ENG
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Chapter 1. An Introduction to Zinc Metalloneurochemistry and Zinc Detection in Biology. This chapter presents an overview of zinc neurophysiology and pathology, which provides motivation for the design of new tools and tactics for zinc detection in vivo. A historical account of biological zinc detection is also given, followed by a summary of recent progress in the development and use of fluorescent Zn(II) sensors for in vivo studies. A summary of project goals and thesis organization is also included. Chapter 2. Zinc Sensors Based on Monosubstituted Fluorescein Platforms I: Routes to Electronic Variation, Syntheses and Spectroscopic Characterization. In this work, a convergent synthetic approach for the assembly of fluorescent zinc sensors from aniline-derivatized ligands and a fluroescein carboxaldehyde platform is presented. These sensors are based on the previously reported ZP4 motif and incorporate a di(2-picolyl)amine moiety in the aniline-based ligand framework. The effects of electronic variation, achieved by halogenation of either the zinc-binding unit or the fluorophore platform, on the fluorescence properties and aniline nitrogen atom pKa values are considered.; (cont.) Chapter 3. Spectroscopic Characterization and Biological Applications of Halogenated Zinpyr Sensors. In this chapter...

A route to explain water anomalies from results on an aqueous solution of salt

Corradini, D.; Rovere, M.; Gallo, P.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/03/2010
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In this paper we investigate the possibility to detect the hypothesized liquid-liquid critical point of water in supercooled aqueous solutions of salts. Molecular dynamics computer simulations are conducted on bulk TIP4P water and on an aqueous solution of sodium chloride in TIP4P water, with concentration c = 0.67 mol/kg. The liquid-liquid critical point is found both in the bulk and in the solution. Its position in the thermodynamic plane shifts to higher temperature and lower pressure for the solution. Comparison with available experimental data allowed us to produce the phase diagrams of both bulk water and the aqueous solution as measurable in experiments. Given the position of the liquid-liquid critical point in the solution as obtained from our simulations, the experimental determination of the hypothesized liquid-liquid critical point of water in aqueous solutions of salts appears possible.; Comment: 5 pages, 6 figures. Accepted for publication on the Journal of Chemical Physics (2010).

Characterization of novel vanadium(III)/acetate clusters formed in aqueous solution

Fry, Fiona; Dougan, Brenda; McCann, Nichola; Zeigler, Christopher; Brasch, Nicola
Fonte: American Chemical Society Publicador: American Chemical Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We report the first structures of simple acetate complexes of vanadium(III) formed in aqueous solution. Paramagnetic 1H NMR spectroscopy titration experiments indicate the formation of two major V(III)/acetate complexes in acidic aqueous solution for acetate/V(III) ≤4, pD 3.50. A novel tetranuclear cluster and a trinuclear cluster have been characterized by X-ray diffraction studies. Mass spectrometry measurements show these clusters retain their integrity in solution.

Solution structure of a hydrophobic analogue of the winter flounder antifreeze protein

Liepinsh, Edvards; Otting, Gottfried; Harding, Margaret; Ward, Leanne G; Mackay, Joel Peter; Haymet, A D J
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The solution structure of a synthetic mutant type I antifreeze protein (AFP I) was determined in aqueous solution at pH 7.0 using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The mutations comprised the replacement of the four Thr residues by Val and the introduction of two additional Lys-Glu salt bridges. The antifreeze activity of this mutant peptide, VVVV2KE, has been previously shown to be similar to that of the wild type protein, HPLC6 (defined here as TTTT). The solution structure reveals an ahelix bent in the same direction as the more bent conformer of the published crystalstructure of TTTT, while the side chain χ1 rotamers of VVVV2KE are similar to those of the straighter conformer in the crystal of TTTT. The Val side chains of VVVV2KE assume the same orientations as the Thr side chains of TTTT, confirming the conservative nature of this mutation. The combined data suggest that AFP I undergoes an equilibrium between straight and bent helices in solution, combined with independent equilibria between different side chain rotamers for some of the amino acid residues. The present study presents the first complete sequence-specific resonance assignments and the first complete solution structure determination by NMR of any AFP I protein.

Comparative calorimetry study of the phenol and acetaminophen adsorption on activated carbon in aqueous solution

Bernal,Valentina; Giraldo,Liliana; Moreno-Piraján,Juan Carlos
Fonte: Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Químico - Farmacéuticas Publicador: Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Químico - Farmacéuticas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
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Immersion enthalpies were determined for aqueous solutions of phenol, acetaminophen and water on three different carbons that differed in terms of oxygen groups on the surface. The intensity of the energy interaction between these compounds and the activated carbons was determined. The activated carbons had similar values for surface area and micropore volume, i.e. approximately 850 m².g-1 and 0.35 cm³.g-1, respectively, but differed in the content of surface chemical groups that interacted with the solutes in aqueous solution. The values obtained for the enthalpies of immersion of activated carbon in water were between -32 and -66 J.g-1. The enthalpies of immersion of activated carbon for acetaminophen and phenol solutions with concentrations between 100 mg.L-1 and 10 mg.L-1 were between -18 and -157 J.g-1, indicating greater interaction between the two solutes and activated carbons with a high surface content of reduced chemical groups