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Utilização de agentes antimicrobianos, probióticos, prebióticos e extratos vegetais como promotores do crescimento de leitões recém-desmamados; Antimicrobial agents, probiotics, prebiotics and herbal extracts as growth promoters of weanling pigs

Utiyama, Carlos Eduardo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/11/2004 PT
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O objetivo do trabalho foi estudar os efeitos de probióticos, prebióticos e extratos vegetais como alternativas ao uso de agentes antimicrobianos como promotores do crescimento de leitões recém-desmamados, por meio da morfologia de órgãos, frequência de diarréia, microbiologia intestinal, histologia de epitélio intestinal, digestibilidade dos nutrientes e desempenho. Foram realizados dois experimentos em blocos casualizados, nos quais foram testados cinco tratamentos: controle - ração basal; antimicrobiano - basal com 50 ppm de bacitracina de zinco + 50 ppm de olaquindox; probiótico - basal com 1300 ppm de probiótico à base de Bacillus subtilis e Bacillus licheniformis; prebiótico - basal com 3000 ppm de mananoligossacarídeo; extrato vegetal – basal com 500 ppm de extrato vegetal (alho, cravo, canela, pimenta, tomilho, cinamaldeído e eugenol). No Experimento I utilizaram-se 40 leitões desmamados aos 21 dias de idade, distribuídos a 20 gaiolas suspensas com dois leitões (um macho castrado e uma fêmea) em cada gaiola (unidade experimental) e quatro repetições por tratamento. Durante a última semana do período experimental foi realizado o ensaio de digestibilidade dos nutrientes, por meio da metodologia da coleta parcial de fezes...

Influência da mastite na ocorrência de resíduos de antimicrobianos no leite; Mastitis influence on the occurence of antimicrobial agents residues in milk

Raia Junior, Roberto Bellizia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/08/2001 PT
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A presença de resíduos de antimicrobianos no leite representa um problema de saúde pública, podendo causar reações alérgicas e a seleção de bactérias resistentes aos antimicrobianos. É também um problema econômico interferindo nas culturas lácteas utilizadas na fabricação de derivados. A mastite é a causa mais freqüente para o tratamento de bovinos leiteiros com antimicrobianos. Foram objetivos deste trabalho estudar a influência do processo inflamatório no tempo de eliminação de diferentes antimicrobianos, administrados por via sistêmica ou intramamária em vacas em lactação e avaliar a presença de resíduos detectáveis em tanques resfriadores de propriedades leiteiras, correlacionando com os níveis de mastite nos rebanhos. Foi utilizado teste microbiológico comercial (Delvotest) para a avaliação da corrência de resíduos de antimicrobianos em 60 amostras de leite de tanques resfriadores de propriedades leiteiras e individualmente de 135 vacas em lactação com e sem processo inflamatório na glândula mamária. Foi verificada correlação entre a ocorrência de resíduo de antimicrobiano no tanque resfriador e o aumento da freqüência de mastite clínica (r= 1,0; teste de Spearman).O aumento do período de carência...

Avaliação microbiológica, física e mecânica de materiais resilientes modificados pela adição de antimicrobianos para tratamento de estomatite protética; Microbiological, physical and mechanical evaluation of resilient materials modified by the addition of antimicrobial agents for denture stomatitis' treatment

Bueno, Mírian Galvão
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/10/2011 PT
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No presente estudo, a proposta foi avaliar a ação antimicrobiana sobre o biofilme de Candida albicans (SC 5314) e determinar a mínima concentração inibitória (MCI) de cinco fármacos utilizados no tratamento de estomatite protética (nistatina, miconazol, cetoconazol, itraconazol e diacetato de clorexidina), quando incorporados em reembasadores resilientes temporários à base de resina acrílica (Trusoft e Softone) bem como o efeito dessa modificação sobre as propriedades de dureza Shore A e rugosidade superficial dos materiais. Para determinação das MCIs, o biofilme fúngico foi formado sobre corpos de prova circulares (10 mm x 1 mm) dos materiais (n = 6) modificados (experimentais) ou não (controle) pela adição dos fármacos. Diferentes concentrações dos antimicrobianos foram testadas e a viabilidade celular determinada espectrofotometricamente pelo ensaio de redução de sais de tetrazólio- XTT, nos períodos de 24 h, 48 h, 7 e 14 dias. As medidas espectrofotométricas foram convertidas em porcentagens de redução fúngica e as MCIs determinadas como aquelas suficientes para inibir 90% ou mais do crescimento de C. albicans. Para os ensaios de dureza e rugosidade, corpos de prova retangulares (36 mm x 7 mm x 6 mm) dos materiais resilientes (n= 8) foram confeccionados sem (controle) ou com incorporação dos fármacos nas MCIs previamente definidas. Após armazenamento em água destilada a 37°C por 24 h...

Influence of sub-inhibitory concentrations of antimicrobial agents on biofilm formation in indwelling medical devices

Henriques, Mariana; Cerca, Nuno; Azeredo, Joana; Oliveira, Rosário
Fonte: Wichtig Editore Publicador: Wichtig Editore
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2005 ENG
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Biofilms of Staphyloccocus epidermidis and Candida spp. are two of the most frequent factors of infection and pathogenesis associated to the use of indwelling medical devices. Several strategies have been proposed and/or developed to prevent infection. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of sub-inhibitory concentrations of anti-microbial agents on biofilm formation. Biofilms of three strains of S. epidermidis and two of both Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis where formed in the presence of three antibiotics and two antifungal agents respectively. Based in the control samples, the percentage of biofilm formation inhibition by the different agents was determined and compared. The results showed that the influence of the antibacterial and antifungal agents tested is strain dependent, with the effect of the different agents also varying among strains, even if they have the same mechanism of action.; Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT).

Antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter sp strains isolated from calves with and without diarrhea in Minas Gerais state, Brazil

Miranda,Karina Leite; Lage,Andrey Pereira
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2007 EN
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The antimicrobial susceptibility of 25 Campylobacter sp strains isolated from calves with and without diarrhea - 7 C. coli, 16 C. fetus and 2 C. jejuni was studied by the disk diffusion method. Eleven antimicrobial agents were tested amikacin, ampicillin, kanamycin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, gentamicin, neomycin, nitrofurantoin, penicillin G, tetracycline and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. All Campylobacter sp strains were susceptible to amikacin, ampicillin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, gentamicin, neomycin and nitrofurantoin. Three strains were moderately susceptible to kanamycin (2 C. coli and 1 C. fetus). All the strains were resistant to penicillin G. Two C. fetus strains were moderately susceptible to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim and 1 C. coli, 9 C. fetus and 2 C. jejuni strains were resistant. Two C. fetus strains were moderately susceptible to tetracycline and 3 C. coli, 2 C. fetus and 1 C. jejuni strains were resistant. Eleven strains showed multidrug resistance (2 C. coli, 8 C. fetus and 1 C. jejuni). There was no correlation between resistance of Campylobacter sp strains to antimicrobials and the occurrence of diarrhea in calves. The frequency of resistance and, most importantly, multi drug resistance found among Campylobacter sp strains isolated from calves in Minas Gerais...

Characteristics of Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli from Animals: Relationship to Veterinary and Management Uses of Antimicrobial Agents

Mercer, H. D.; Pocurull, D.; Gaines, S.; Wilson, S.; Bennett, J. V.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1971 EN
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Five-hundred fifty-five (555) isolates of Escherichia coli were obtained from fecal specimens of a representative number of animals from five farms in the United States. Antibiotic exposure of the selected herds was determined by an epidemiological survey of these farms. The incidence of multiple resistance in the E. coli isolates was higher in herds exposed to continuous feeding of antimicrobial agents (84.8%) than in a herd not receiving antimicrobials (15.7%). The most common resistance configuration observed was the triple pattern of dihydrostreptomycin (DS), sulfonamide (SU), and tetracycline (TE). The second most frequent pattern consisted of four resistances: ampicillin (AM), DS, SU, and TE. The frequency of transfer factors was much higher in multiply resistant organisms from the herds exposed to antimicrobial medicaments. The E. coli isolates were relatively efficient in fostering and transferring heterologous resistance factors. AM resistance factors occurred more frequently in herds which were exposed to feed levels of penicillin (27.9%) than in those that were not (6.4%).

Susceptibility of Genital Mycoplasmas to Antimicrobial Agents

Braun, Peter; Klein, Jerome O.; Kass, Edward H.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1970 EN
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The susceptibility of 11 T-strains, 12 strains of Mycoplasma hominis, and a single strain of M. fermentans to 15 antimicrobial agents was determined by study of inhibition of metabolic activity in a broth dilution system. All three species were inhibited by tetracycline, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, gentamicin, and kanamycin, and were relatively resistant to cephalothin, cephaloridine, polymyxin, vancomycin, and ampicillin. Three antimicrobial agents had significant differential effects on these species. Erythromycin was more active against T-strains than against M. hominis or M. fermentans. Lincomycin, clindamycin, and nitrofurantoin had greater activity against M. hominis and M. fermentans than against T-strains. The activity of the drugs tested was generally uniform over a wide range of inocula. The effect of pH and the difference between minimal inhibiting and minimal mycoplasmacidal concentrations of the drugs tested were consistent with expectations based on the effects of these drugs on bacteria.

Spectra of Susceptibility of Neisseria meningitidis to Antimicrobial Agents In Vitro 1

Devine, Leonard F.; Hagerman, Cline R.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1970 EN
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The minimal inhibitory concentrations of 49 antimicrobial agents for 37 to 40 meningococcal strains freshly isolated from the nasopharynx of healthy carriers were determined. Coumermycin A1 and rifampin were the most effective agents tested. The geometric mean values of the minimal inhibitory concentrations for coumermycin A1 and rifampin were 0.0001 and 0.02 μg/ml, respectively.

Microbioassay of Antimicrobial Agents

Simon, Harold J.; Yin, E. Jong
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1970 EN
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A previously described agar-diffusion technique for microbioassay of antimicrobial agents has been modified to increase sensitivity of the technique and to extend the range of antimicrobial agents to which it is applicable. This microtechnique requires only 0.02 ml of an unknown test sample for assay, and is capable of measuring minute concentrations of antibiotics in buffer, serum, and urine. In some cases, up to a 20-fold increase in sensitivity is gained relative to other published standardized methods and the error of this method is less than ±5%. Buffer standard curves have been established for this technique, concurrently with serum standard curves, yielding information on antimicrobial serum-binding and demonstrating linearity of the data points compared to the estimated regression line for the microconcentration ranges covered by this technique. This microassay technique is particularly well suited for pediatric research and for other investigations where sample volumes are small and quantitative accuracy is desired. Dilution of clinical samples to attain concentrations falling with the range of this assay makes the technique readily adaptable and suitable for general clinical pharmacological studies. The microassay technique has been standardized in buffer solutions and in normal human serum pools for the following antimicrobials: ampicillin...

Antimicrobial Properties of Natural Phenols and Related Compounds: I. Obtusastyrene

Jurd, L.; King, A. D.; Mihara, K.; Stanley, W. L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1971 EN
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Obtusastyrene (4-cinnamylphenol) displays effective antimicrobial activity in vitro against a variety of gram-positive bacteria, yeasts, and molds. The activity of obtusastyrene is not appreciably affected by pH, and its minimal inhibitory concentrations, 12 to 25 μg/ml for bacteria and 12 to 100 μg/ml for fungi, compare favorably with those of a number of synthetic, phenolic antimicrobial agents.

Cycloserine Induction, Propagation, and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Wall-Defective Staphylococcus aureus

Watanakunakorn, Chatrchai
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1971 EN
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A method of induction of L colonies of Staphylococcus aureus by cycloserine, the propagation of wall-defective staphylococci (WDS), and the development and antimicrobial susceptibility of stable WDS are presented. The growth and morphology of the cycloserine-induced L colonies and WDS were indistinguishable from those induced by methicillin or lysostaphin. The antimicrobial susceptibility of the stable cycloserine-induced WDS was similar to that of the stable methicillin-induced and lysostaphin-induced WDS by both broth dilution and agar diffusion techniques. A survey of the English literature reveals that wall-defective bacteria are always resistent to antimicrobial agents which inhibit cell wall synthesis (cycloserine, penicillins, and cephalosporins). They are virtually all susceptible to antimicrobial agents which have other modes of action. The susceptibility to vancomycin and bacitracin varied from study to study.

Atividade antimicrobiana de diferentes extratos etan??licos de Agaricus brasiliensis S. Wasser et al. em estreptococos orais; Antimicrobial activity of different ethanolic extracts of Agaricus brasiliensis S. Wasser et al. against oral streptococci

LUND, Rafael Guerra
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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A great variety of diseases can affect the oral cavity, such as dental caries, that is considered the most prevalent oral disease worldwide. The multifactorial and infectcontagious characteristics of dental caries have been established, associated with resident bacterial pathogens of dental biofilm. These microorganisms are responsible by the production of acids and citotoxic products, which could respectively promote the demineralization of dental structure and gingival inflammation, with posterior destruction of supporting tissues. Therefore, the use of efficient antimicrobial agents against pathogenic bacteria is an important tool in the control of oral diseases. Several natural antimicrobial agents are been investigated because of their possible pharmacological properties. The mushroom Agaricus brasiliensis S. Wasser et al. ( Royal-Sun-Agaricus ) is pointed out as a natural product with noticeable antibacterial, antifungicidal, anti-inflammatory and antineoplasic properties. In this study the potential effect of this natural product was evaluated using three ethanolic crude extracts (100%, 75% and 50% EtOH) on growth and adherence of mutans streptococci. The ethanolic extracts were obtained by maceration process. Negative controls were 100%...

Isolamento de esp??cies de Candida em pacientes com Candid??ase Atr??fica Cr??nica e atividade antimicrobiana de duas esp??cies de Mikania; Isolation of Candida species from patients with Chronic Atrophic Candidiasis and antimicrobial activity of two species of Mikania

LUND, Rafael Guerra
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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A great variety of diseases can affect the oral cavity, such as dental caries and candidosis, being the first one considered the most prevalent oral diseases worldwide. The multifactorial and infect-contagious characteristics of dental caries has been established, associated with resident bacterial pathogens of dental biofilm. These microorganisms are responsible by the production of acids and citotoxic products, which could promote the demineralization of dental structure. Currently, Candida infections constitute an important problem in Public Health. Such findings is basically due to the technological advancements of Medicine, increasing in AIDS infection and immune depressed patients in general, using prolonged antimicrobials therapies, which contributes to the microbial disequilibrium. Therefore, the use of efficient antimicrobial agents against pathogenic bacteria and yeasts is an important tool in the control of these infective diseases. Several natural antimicrobial agents are been investigated because of their possible pharmacological properties. Plants of genus Mikania are pointed out as natural products with noticeable antibacterial, antifungicidal, anti-inflammatory and antineoplasic properties. In this study the potential effect of two Mikania species was evaluated (Mikania glomerata Mg e Mikania hirsutissima Mh) using their crude ethanol extracts...

Tri- and tetra-nuclear polypyridyl ruthenium(ii) complexes as antimicrobial agents

Gorle, A.K.; Feterl, M.; Warner, J.M.; Wallace, L.; Keene, F.R.; Collins, J.G.
Fonte: Royal Society of Chemistry Publicador: Royal Society of Chemistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
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57.42734%
A series of inert tri- and tetra-nuclear polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes that are linked by the bis[4(4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridyl)]-1,n-alkane ligand ("bb(n)" for n = 10, 12 and 16) have been synthesised and their potential as antimicrobial agents examined. Due to the modular nature of the synthesis of the oligonuclear complexes, it was possible to make both linear and non-linear tetranuclear ruthenium species. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the ruthenium(II) complexes were determined against four strains of bacteria--Gram positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), and Gram negative Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). In order to gain an understanding of the relative antimicrobial activities, the cellular uptake and water-octanol partition coefficients (log P) were determined for a selection of the ruthenium complexes. Although the trinuclear complexes were the most lipophilic based upon log P values and showed the greatest cellular uptake, the linear tetranuclear complexes were generally more active, with MIC values <1 μM against the Gram positive bacteria. Similarly, although the non-linear tetranuclear complexes were slightly more lipophilic and were taken up to a greater extent by the bacteria...

Peel bond strength of resilient liner modified by the addition of antimicrobial agents to denture base acrylic resin

Alcantara, Cristiane S.; Macedo, Allana F. C. de; Gurgel, Bruno C. V.; Jorge, Janaina H.; Neppelenbroek, Karin Hermana; Urban, Vanessa M.
Fonte: UNIV SAO PAULO FAC ODONTOLOGIA BAURU; BAURU Publicador: UNIV SAO PAULO FAC ODONTOLOGIA BAURU; BAURU
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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In order to prolong the clinical longevity of resilient denture relining materials and reduce plaque accumulation, incorporation of antimicrobial agents into these materials has been proposed. However, this addition may affect their properties. Objective: This study evaluated the effect of the addition of antimicrobial agents into one soft liner (Soft Confort, Dencril) on its peel bond strength to one denture base (QC 20, Dentsply). Material and Methods: Acrylic specimens (n=9) were made (75x10x3 mm) and stored in distilled water at 37 degrees C for 48 h. The drug powder concentrations (nystatin 500,000U - G2; nystatin 1,000,000U - G3; miconazole 125 mg - G4; miconazole 250 mg - G5; ketoconazole 100 mg - G6; ketoconazole 200 mg - G7; chlorhexidine diacetate 5% - G8; and 10% chlorhexidine diacetate - G9) were blended with the soft liner powder before the addition of the soft liner liquid. A group (G1) without any drug incorporation was used as control. Specimens (n=9) (75x10x6 mm) were plasticized according to the manufacturers' instructions and stored in distilled water at 37 degrees C for 24 h. Relined specimens were then submitted to a 180-degree peel test at a crosshead speed of 10 mm/min. Data (MPa) were analyzed by analysis of variance (alpha=0.05) and the failure modes were visually classified. Results: No significant difference was found among experimental groups (p=0.148). Cohesive failure located within the resilient material was predominantly observed in all tested groups. Conclusions: Peel bond strength between the denture base and the modified soft liner was not affected by the addition of antimicrobial agents.

Avaliação do efeito de agentes antimicrobianos na inibição da agregação do peptídeo beta-amilóide; Evaluation of the effect of antimicrobial agents on the inhibition of aggregation of beta amyloid peptide

Paula Cristina Huber
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/09/2012 PT
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A Doença de Alzheimer é um processo neurodegenerativo associado ao envelhecimento. Seu arsenal terapêutico é muito pobre. Dentre as características fisiopatológicas desta doença, destaca-se a formação de placas senis constituídas de fibrilas do peptídeo b-amilóide, principalmente do Ab42. Neste trabalho, avaliou-se o efeito de agentes antimicrobianos na inibição da agregação do peptídeo Ab42. Considerando a importância crescente do reposicionamento de fármacos, foram selecionados alguns antimicrobianos, que estão no mercado farmacêutico e tem o seu perfil farmacológico bastante conhecido, a fim de suprimir algumas etapas clínicas no caso destas substâncias apresentarem atividade anti-fibrilogênica. Levofloxacino e ciprofloxacino foram as fluorquinolonas selecionadas. Levofloxacino inibiu in vitro a agregação do peptideo Ab42 quando submetido a condições de fibrilogênese. As metodologias empregadas foram o ensaio de fluorescência da tioflavina-T, microscopia de força atômica e eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida. Os resultados promissores obtidos nos motivaram a buscar o grupo farmacofórico responsável pela atividade observada. Para tanto, sintetizamos a 3-carboetoxi-4-quinolona, correspondente a porção quinolônica mais simples e planar do levofloxacino. Os ensaios indicaram que esta substância e ainda mais eficaz do que o levofloxacino. Sabendo que in vivo o processo de agregação e metal dependente (zinco e cobre divalentes)...

Features and performance of edible films, obtained from whey protein isolate formulated with antimicrobial compounds

Ramos, Óscar L.; Silva, Sara I.; Soares, José C.; Fernandes, João C.; Poças, M. Fátima; Pintado, Manuela E.; Malcata, F. Xavier
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 ENG
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The goal of this research effort was to assess the efficacy of edible films produced fromwhey protein isolate (WPI) and glycerol, including incorporation of lactic acid (LA) and propionic acid (PRO), chitooligosaccharideswith nominal MW of 3 kDa (COS) and natamycin (NA) as antimicrobial agents. Their features were evaluated in vitro via agar diffusion and viable cell counting, against spoilage microflora often found contaminating cheese surfaces. The effect of incorporating the aforementioned compounds upon thickness, moisture content (MC), solubility (S), density (ρs),water activity (aw) and water vapor permeability (WVP), as well as upon tensile and optical properties of those films were also evaluated. Films formulated with LA, PRO or COS exhibited antimicrobial activity against all microorganisms tested, yet the viable cell count assay was more sensitive and reproducible. COS was the most active against Gram-negative bacteria, whereas LA was the most active against Gram-positive ones. NA was not active against bacteria, but displayed the strongest effect against yeasts. Incorporation of said antimicrobial compounds did not significantly (pN0.05) affect film thickness, yet it significantly (pb0.05) reduced tensile strength (TS). Incorporation of LA and NA in particular did not significantly (pb0.05) affect MC...

From antimicrobial agents to health promotion

Prudêncio, Cristina; Fonte, Rosália; Fernandes, Rúben
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde do Porto - Politema Publicador: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde do Porto - Politema
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2010 POR
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A emergência de multiresistência apresentada por microrganismos é um dos grandes desafios que enfrentam actualmente os profissionais de Saúde e a população em geral. Os factores que contribuem para o desenvolvimento de resistência a antibióticos na comunidade podem ser categorizados como comportamentais ou ambientais/políticas. O objectivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar a situação actual na visão dos Pais de alunos do pré-escolar e 1º ciclo. De modo a avaliar as necessidades de intervenção e as actividades a serem desenvolvidas, um instrumento para estudar os hábitos e comportamentos adoptados na utilização de antibióticos, foi adaptado, validado e aplicado numa amostra piloto.; The emergence of multi-resistance presented by microorganisms is one of the greatest challenges that health professionals and the general populations faces nowadays. The factors that contribute for the development of resistance to antimicrobial agents may be categorized as behavioral or environmental/ political. The aim of this work was to characterize the present situation in the parents of 1º cycle students’ point of view. Thus, to assess the need of intervention and the activities to be developed, an instrument to study the habits and behavior adopted in the use of antibiotics was adapted and validate being further applied to a pilot sample.

Peel bond strength of resilient liner modified by the addition of antimicrobial agents to denture base acrylic resin

Alcântara,Cristiane S.; Macêdo,Allana F.C. de; Gurgel,Bruno C.V.; Jorge,Janaina H.; Neppelenbroek,Karin H.; Urban,Vanessa M.
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.5577%
In order to prolong the clinical longevity of resilient denture relining materials and reduce plaque accumulation, incorporation of antimicrobial agents into these materials has been proposed. However, this addition may affect their properties. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of the addition of antimicrobial agents into one soft liner (Soft Confort, Dencril) on its peel bond strength to one denture base (QC 20, Dentsply). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Acrylic specimens (n=9) were made (75x10x3 mm) and stored in distilled water at 37ºC for 48 h. The drug powder concentrations (nystatin 500,000U - G2; nystatin 1,000,000U - G3; miconazole 125 mg - G4; miconazole 250 mg - G5; ketoconazole 100 mg - G6; ketoconazole 200 mg - G7; chlorhexidine diacetate 5% - G8; and 10% chlorhexidine diacetate - G9) were blended with the soft liner powder before the addition of the soft liner liquid. A group (G1) without any drug incorporation was used as control. Specimens (n=9) (75x10x6 mm) were plasticized according to the manufacturers' instructions and stored in distilled water at 37ºC for 24 h. Relined specimens were then submitted to a 180-degree peel test at a crosshead speed of 10 mm/min. Data (MPa) were analyzed by analysis of variance (α=0.05) and the failure modes were visually classified. RESULTS: No significant difference was found among experimental groups (p=0.148). Cohesive failure located within the resilient material was predominantly observed in all tested groups. CONCLUSIONS: Peel bond strength between the denture base and the modified soft liner was not affected by the addition of antimicrobial agents.

Peel bond strength of resilient liner modified by the addition of antimicrobial agents to denture base acrylic resin

Alcântara, Cristiane S.; Macêdo, Allana F.C. de; Gurgel, Bruno C.V.; Jorge, Janaina H.; Neppelenbroek, Karin H.; Urban, Vanessa M.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2012 ENG
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In order to prolong the clinical longevity of resilient denture relining materials and reduce plaque accumulation, incorporation of antimicrobial agents into these materials has been proposed. However, this addition may affect their properties. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of the addition of antimicrobial agents into one soft liner (Soft Confort, Dencril) on its peel bond strength to one denture base (QC 20, Dentsply). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Acrylic specimens (n=9) were made (75x10x3 mm) and stored in distilled water at 37ºC for 48 h. The drug powder concentrations (nystatin 500,000U - G2; nystatin 1,000,000U - G3; miconazole 125 mg - G4; miconazole 250 mg - G5; ketoconazole 100 mg - G6; ketoconazole 200 mg - G7; chlorhexidine diacetate 5% - G8; and 10% chlorhexidine diacetate - G9) were blended with the soft liner powder before the addition of the soft liner liquid. A group (G1) without any drug incorporation was used as control. Specimens (n=9) (75x10x6 mm) were plasticized according to the manufacturers' instructions and stored in distilled water at 37ºC for 24 h. Relined specimens were then submitted to a 180-degree peel test at a crosshead speed of 10 mm/min. Data (MPa) were analyzed by analysis of variance (α=0.05) and the failure modes were visually classified. RESULTS: No significant difference was found among experimental groups (p=0.148). Cohesive failure located within the resilient material was predominantly observed in all tested groups. CONCLUSIONS: Peel bond strength between the denture base and the modified soft liner was not affected by the addition of antimicrobial agents.