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Highly sensitive, quantitative cell-based assay for prions adsorbed to solid surfaces

Edgeworth, Julie Ann; Jackson, Graham S.; Clarke, Anthony R.; Weissmann, Charles; Collinge, John
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
Prions are comprised principally of aggregates of a misfolded host protein and cause fatal transmissible neurodegenerative disorders of humans and animals, such as variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Prions pose significant public health concerns, including contamination of blood products and surgical instruments; require laborious and often insensitive animal bioassay to detect; and resist conventional hospital sterilization methods. A major experimental advance was the cell culture-based scrapie cell assay, allowing prion titres to be estimated more precisely and an order of magnitude faster than by animal bioassays. Here we describe a bioassay method that exploits the marked binding affinity of prions to steel surfaces. Using steel wires as a concentrating and sensitization tool and combining with an adapted scrapie cell endpoint assay we can achieve, for mouse prions, a sensitivity 100× higher than that achieved in standard mouse bioassays. The rapidity and sensitivity of this assay offers a major advance over small animal bioassay in many aspects of prion research. In addition, its specific application in assay of metal-bound prions allows evaluation of novel prion decontamination methods.