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Adsorption of the diazo dye Direct Red 23 onto a zinc oxide surface: A spectroscopic study

LUCILHA, Adriana Campano; BONANCEA, Carlos Eduardo; BARRETO, Wagner Jose; TAKASHIMA, Keiko
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.546655%
The adsorption of the diazo dye Direct Red 23 onto a zinc oxide surface at 30 degrees C in the dark was investigated. The color reduction was monitored by spectrophotometry at 503 run. The FTIR and Raman spectra of the Direct Red 23 adsorption as a function of ZnO concentration were registered. From the PM3 semi-empirical calculations of the atomic charge density and dipole moment of the Direct Red 23 molecule, it was demonstrated that the azo, dye molecule may be adsorbed onto the ZnO Surface through molecule geometry modifications, enhancing the interfacial area causing a variation in the bonding frequencies. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Fundacao Araucaria; Fundacao Araucaria; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); PIBIC/CNPq

Filmes de óxido de zinco dopado com alumínio ou európio: preparação e caracterização.; Zinc oxide films doped with aluminium or europium: preparation and characterization.

Silva, Rodrigo Ferreira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/08/2001 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.00966%
O interesse na preparação de filmes finos de óxidos pelo processo sol-gel aumentou nos últimos anos devido a alta qualidade dos filmes, baixo custo dos precursores orgânicos e grande importância tecnológica. Dependendo das condições de preparação e das espécies dopantes, é possível obter filmes com características diversas: piezelétricos, luminescentes, isolantes, semicondutores ou condutores. Filmes de óxido de zinco (ZnO) podem ser usados na formação de camadas semicondutoras. Além disso, a dopagem deste composto com elementos da família IIIA promove um aumento da condutividade e a dopagem com íons de terras raras origina filmes luminescentes. A literatura sobre filmes de óxido de zinco, contudo, é em sua maior parte descritiva e não há uma compreensão total do processo e mecanismos envolvidos na formação dos filmes. No contexto do presente trabalho, filmes de ZnO:Al e ZnO:Eu foram preparados através do processo sol-gel não-alcóxido. Neste método, sais orgânicos são usados ao invés dos alcóxidos na preparação de sóis orgânicos. Ao contrário do primeiro método, a literatura relacionada à técnica sol-gel a base de acetatos é ainda muito limitada. Portanto, um dos objetivos desta pesquisa é investigar os mecanismos existentes nos estágios iniciais de formação dos filmes. Efeito da temperatura...

Efeito da adição de óxido de zinco e de óxido de boro nas propriedades de zirconato de bário dopado com ítrio; Effect of zinc oxide and boron oxide addition on the properties of yttrium-doped

Andrade, Tiago Felipe
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.745273%
Compostos condutores protônicos de zirconato de bário dopado com ítrio, BaZr0,8Y0,2O3-δ, preparados por síntese de estado sólido, foram compactados e sinter izados com ZnO e B2O3 como aditivos. Os corpos cerâmicos sinter izados foram analisados por difração de raios X e espectroscopia de impedância. Superfícies polidas e atacadas termicamente foram observadas em microscópio de varredura por sonda. As medidas de densidade mostraram que a maior densificação foi obtida com óxido de zinco nas proporções de 2 e 5 peso%, atingindo aproximadamente 95% da densidade teórica. As medidas de resistividade elétrica evidenciaram a menor resistividade elétrica do composto cerâmico BaZr0,8Y0,2O3-δ, com 5 peso% de ZnO. Os aditivos de sinter ização, óxido de boro e óxido de zinco, foram eficientes para se obter compostos com menores valores de resistividade elétrica que os obtidos em compostos sinter izados sem aditivos.; BaZr0.8Y0.2O3-δ, protonic conductors, prepared by the ceramic route, were pressed and sintered with ZnO and B2O3 sinter ing aids. The sintered pellets were analyzed by X-ra y diffraction and impedance spectroscopy. Polished and thermally etched surfaces of the pellets were observed in a scanning probe microscope. The highest values of apparent densit y...

Luminescent properties and lattice defects correlation on zinc oxide

Lima, SAM; Sigoli, F. A.; Jafelicci, M.; Davolos, M. R.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 749-754
ENG
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The ZnO luminescent properties are strongly influenced by the preparation method and they are principally related to electronic and crystalline structures. This work reports about the correlation among luminescence properties of ZnO, obtained from zinc hydroxycarbonate, and crystalline lattice defects, microstrain, as function of thermal treatment. The crystallite size increase and the qualitative microstrain, obtained by Williamson-Hall plots, decrease as function of temperature. The evolution of electronic defects is analyzed by luminescence spectroscopy based on energy of the electronic transitions. From excitation spectrum, it is verified two bands around 377 nm and 405 nm attributed to the transitions between valence-conduction bands and valence band to interstitial zinc level, respectively. The emission spectra of sample treated at 600 degreesC shows large band at 670 nm. However, the green emission around 530 nm is observed for samples treated at 900 degreesC. The intensities of excitation and emission bands are associated with the increase of the electronic defects that depend on the strain lattice decrease. The lowest strain lattice results on the best green luminescent properties of zinc oxide. (C) 2001 Elsevier B.V. Ltd. All rights reserved.

Histological evaluation of the response of apical tissues to glass ionomer and zinc oxide eugenol based sealers in dog teeth after root canal treatment

Leonardo, M. R.; Almeida, W. A.; da Silva, LAB; Utrilla, L. S.
Fonte: Munksgaard Int Publ Ltd Publicador: Munksgaard Int Publ Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 257-261
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.546655%
The object of the study was to compare two commercial root canal sealers: Ketac-Endo (a glass ionomer cement) and Fill Canal (a zinc oxide-eugenol cement). A total of 34 root canals from dog premolars with vital pulps were used. After instrumentation, the root canals were sealed with Ketac-Endo and Fill Canal cements using gutta-percha and a lateral condensation technique. After 270 days the animals were sacrificed with an anesthetic overdose and the maxillae and mandibles were removed and fixed in formalin for 48 h. After routine histological processing the sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and Mallory trichrome stains. Microscopic analysis revealed that Ketac-Endo cement presented better results than Fill Canal cement.

Morphological evolution of zinc oxide originating from zinc hydroxide carbonate

Sigoli, F. A.; Davolos, M. R.; Jafelicci, M.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 292-295
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Zinc oxide can be obtained by thermal decomposition of hydrozincite, a topochemical reaction. This work reports the relation between zinc oxide morphology and the precursor zinc hydroxide carbonate precipitation time. The morphological evolution was monitored by SEM, IR and XRD. Zinc oxide obtained from initially precipitated hydrozincite consists of porous spherical aggregates and shows a single Zn-O IR vibrational band. At longer periods of precipitation time the aggregates were transformed into spherulitic-shaped zinc oxide particles showing the Zn-O split vibrational band. X-ray patterns show that the hexagonal zinc oxide phase is substantially increased as a function of hydrozincite precipitation time. © 1997 Elsevier Science S.A.

Study of crystallite size and strain as a function of morphological evolution in zinc oxide powder obtained from hydroxycarbonate precursor

Sigoli, Fernando Aparecido; De Oliveira Paiva-Santos, Carlos; Jafelicci Jr., Miguel; Davolos, Marian Rosaly
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 153-159
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.00966%
In this work, zinc oxide samples were obtained from hydroxycarbonate by thermal decomposition at 300°C. Zinc hydroxycarbonate samples were produced by homogeneous precipitation over different periods of time. The method used to obtain zinc oxide produces different morphologies as a function of the precursor precipitation time. Among the obtained particle shapes were porous spherical aggregates, spherulitic needle aggregates, and single acicular particles. This work investigated spherulitic needle-aggregate formation and the correlation among morphology, domain size, and microstrain. Transmission electron microscopy data revealed that the acicular particles that form the spherulitic needle aggregates consist of nanometer crystallites. Apparent crystallite size and microstrain in the directions perpendicular to (h00), (h0l), (hk0), and (00l) planes were invariable as a function of precursor precipitation time. From the results, it was possible to conclude that the precursor precipitation period directly influenced the morphology of the zinc oxide but did not influence average crystallite size and microstrain for ZnO samples. Therefore, using this route, it was possible to prepare zinc oxide with different morphologies without microstructural alterations. © 2001 International Centre for Diffraction Data.

Use of nanoparticulate zinc oxide as intracanal medication in endodontics: pH and antimicrobial activity

Tanomaru, Juliane Maria Guerreiro; Pereira, Kamila de Figueiredo; Nascimento, Camila Almeida; Bernardi, Maria Inês Basso; Tanomaru Filho, Mario
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 144-148
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.87526%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pH and antimicrobial activity of micro or nanoparticulate zinc oxide (ZnO) pastes with or without calcium hydroxide (CH). The following medications were evaluated: microparticulate ZnO + polyethylene glycol (PEG) 400; nanoparticulate ZnO + PEG 400; PEG 400; CH + microparticulate ZnO + PEG 400 and CH + nanoparticulate ZnO + PEG 400. The pH was assessed between 12 hours and 28 days, using a digital pH meter. The antimicrobial activity against Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC-9212), Candida albicans (ATCC-10231), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC-27853), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC-6538) and Kocuria rhizophila (ATCC-9341) was determined in triplicate using agar diffusion test. The results were submitted to Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn and ANOVA/Tukey tests with 5% significance. The highest pH values were found for CH+ZnO, with higher values for nanoparticulate ZnO after 12 hours and 21 days (p<0.05). CH+ZnO medication promoted higher growth inhibition against P. aeruginosa and lower against E. faecalis. Calcium hydroxide pastes have higher pH and antimicrobial activity when associated with either micro- or nanoparticulate zinc oxide.; O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o pH e atividade antimicrobiana de pastas de oxido de zinco micro ou nanoparticulado (OZn) com ou sem hidroxido de calcio (HC). As medicacoes avaliadas foram OZn microparticulado + polietilenoglicol (PLG) 400; OZn nanoparticulado + PLG 400; PLG 400; HC + OZn microparticulado + PLG 400 e HC + OZn nanoparticulado + PLG 400. A analise do pH foi realizada entre 12 horas e 28 dias...

Desenvolvimento de filmes finos de TiOx e ZnO para dispositivos ISFET e SAW; Development of thin titan in oxide and zinc oxide films for ISFET and SAW devices

Angélica Denardi de Barros
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/02/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.88341%
O objetivo deste trabalho é a obtenção e caracterização de filmes finos de óxido de titânio (TiOx) e de óxido de zinco (ZnO) para aplicações em sensores baseados em transistores de efeito de campo elétrico sensíveis a íons (Ion Sensitive Field Effect Transistor- ISFET) e de ondas acústicas de superfície (Surface Acoustic Waves – SAW), respectivamente. Desta forma, dois diferentes tipos de sensores foram obtidos. O primeiro é o sensor químico ISFET, cujos óxidos de porta foram os filmes de TiOx. Os filmes de Ti foram depositados sobre substrato de Si através do método de evaporação por feixe de elétrons, e, através do método de pulverização catódica (sputtering). Em seguida foram oxidados em forno térmico de processamento rápido (RTP). A caracterização estrutural ocorreu através de elipsometria, de microscopia de força atômica, de espectroscopia Raman, de difração de raios-X e de espectroscopia de absorção de raios-X próximo da borda, constatando a estrutura cristalina tetragonal referente à forma rutilo do TiO2. A caracterização elétrica da melhor amostra através da curva C-V demonstrou constante dielétrica igual a 8, densidade de estados na interface da ordem de 10-10eV-1.cm-2 e densidade de corrente da ordem de 10-4A/cm2. O MOSFET apresentou tensão Early da ordem de kV...

Propriedades ópticas e estruturais de óxido de zinco contendo enxofre; Structural and optical properties of sulfur-containing zinc oxide

Gabriela Zanotto Bosshard
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/07/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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O objetivo deste projeto foi investigar a síntese de óxido de zinco contendo enxofre obtido a partir de sulfeto de zinco nas fases wurtzita (hexagonal) e blenda de zinco (cúbica), assim como fazer a caracterização e estudar as alterações estruturais e ópticas dos materiais sintetizados e compará-las às propriedades do óxido de zinco sintetizado a partir de hidroxicarbonato de zinco. O método de síntese utilizado permite a obtenção de sulfeto de zinco hexagonal ou cúbico a baixa temperatura, permitindo um estudo comparativo da influência da estrutura cristalina do sulfeto de zinco na formação do óxido de zinco. Os estudos por difração de raios X mostram que há leve variação nos parâmetros de rede do material obtido, principalmente quando a síntese parte da fase hexagonal do ZnS. Somado a isso, a análise da luminescência dos materiais obtidos mostra emissão em torno de 520 nm, que pode ser atribuída a transição eletrônica entre defeitos de Frenkel (Zni e VZn") que foram formados a temperaturas inferiores à requerida para a formação deste tipo de defeito, indicando, portanto alterações na rede do óxido de zinco contendo enxofre.; This project aimed to investigate the synthesis of sulfur-containing zinc oxide obtained from zinc sulfide in the wurtzite (hexagonal) or zinc blende (cubic) phases...

Influence of drying on the characteristics of zinc oxide nanoparticles

Rezende,C.P.; Silva,J.B. da; Mohallem,N.D.S.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Física Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Física
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.546655%
The recent growth in the field of porous and nanometric materials prepared by non-conventional processes has stimulated the search of new applications of ZnO nanoparticulate. Zinc oxide is an interesting semiconductor material due to its application on solar cells, gas sensors, ceramics, catalysts, cosmetics and varistors. In this work, the precipitation method was used followed by controlled and freezing drying processes. The materials obtained were thermally treated at various temperatures. The influence of temperature on structural, textural, and morphological properties of the materials was studied by powder X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption, and thermal analysis. The characteristics of both materials were compared.

Enhanced Zinc Oxide and Graphene Nanostructures for Electronics and Sensing Applications

Verma, Ved P
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Zinc oxide and graphene nanostructures are important technological materials because of their unique properties and potential applications in future generation of electronic and sensing devices. This dissertation investigates a brief account of the strategies to grow zinc oxide nanostructures (thin film and nanowire) and graphene, and their applications as enhanced field effect transistors, chemical sensors and transparent flexible electrodes. Nanostructured zinc oxide (ZnO) and low-gallium doped zinc oxide (GZO) thin films were synthesized by a magnetron sputtering process. Zinc oxide nanowires (ZNWs) were grown by a chemical vapor deposition method. Field effect transistors (FETs) of ZnO and GZO thin films and ZNWs were fabricated by standard photo and electron beam lithography processes. Electrical characteristics of these devices were investigated by nondestructive surface cleaning, ultraviolet irradiation treatment at high temperature and under vacuum. GZO thin film transistors showed a mobility of ~5.7 cm 2/ V•s at low operation voltage of <5 V and a low turn-on voltage of>~0.5 V with a sub threshold swing of ~85 mV/decade. Bottom gated FET fabricated from ZNWs exhibit a very high on-to-off ratio (~10 6) and mobility (∼28 cm 2 /V•s). A bottom gated FET showed large hysteresis of ~5.0 to 8.0 V which was significantly reduced to ~1.0 V by the surface treatment process. The results demonstrate charge transport in ZnO nanostructures strongly depends on its surface environmental conditions and can be explained by formation of depletion layer at the surface by various surface states. A nitric oxide (NO) gas sensor using single ZNW...

Zinc oxide nanoparticles in the soil environment : dissolution, speciation, retention and bioavailability.

Milani, Narges
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.650884%
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) have unique physical and chemical characteristics which deviate from larger particles of the same material, due to their extremely small size, higher specific surface area and surface reactivity. The peculiar properties of ZnO NPs could potentially improve zinc (Zn) fertilizers for sustainable agriculture. This is based on the assumption that ZnO NPs provide a more soluble and bioavailable source of Zn in soil compared to micron- or millimetre- sized (bulk) ZnO particles currently used for Zn fertilizers in Zn deficient soils. However, a thorough understanding of the fate and reactions in soils and interactions of nanoparticles with plants of ZnO NPs is required prior to the recommendation for use of these novel materials. Therefore, there is a need to investigate dissolution, diffusion, transformation, partitioning and availability of manufactured ZnO NPs in soil to ensure safer and more sustainable application of ZnO NPs as a new source of Zn fertilisers for plants, and better management of their potential risks. Given inclusion of Zn in macronutrient fertilizers is the common procedure for their field application, ZnO NPs and bulk ZnO were coated onto macronutrient fertilizers (monoammonium phosphate (MAP) and urea) and dissolution kinetics...

CSA Doped Poly(aniline-co-o-toluidine) and Dispersed Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles: a Promising Material for Photovoltaics

Mahudeswaran,Arunachalam; Manoharan,Devarajan; Chandrasekaran,Joseph; Vivekanandan,Janakiraman; Vijayanand,Pachanoor Subbaian
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.9711%
Copolymerization of aniline and o-toluidine is achieved by chemical oxidative polymerization with equal molar ratio of monomers in the presence of hydrochloric acid and ammonium persulphate as an oxidant. The copolymer found to be more soluble in polar solvents such as NMP, DMF and DMSO. FTIR spectroscopy confirms the copolymer chemical structure. UV spectroscopy shows π to π* transition and excitonic transition of the copolymer film. The copolymer is doped with camphorsulfonic acid (CSA) in m-cresol and then zinc oxide nanoparticles are dispersed into the copolymer and spin coated on to a glass plate. The scanning electron microscope image shows the morphology of the copolymer matrix. X-ray Diffraction shows the characteristic peaks of CSA and zinc oxide. EDAX analysis confirms the presence of CSA and zinc oxide. The dispersion of zinc oxide nanoparticles show quenching property of photoluminescence indicating that the copolymer can be used in the opto-electronics.

Antibacterial activity of root canal filling materials for primary teeth: zinc oxide and eugenol cement, Calen paste thickened with zinc oxide, Sealapex and EndoREZ

QUEIROZ, Alexandra Mussolino de; NELSON FILHO, Paulo; SILVA, Léa Assed Bezerra da; ASSED, Sada; SILVA, Raquel Assed Bezerra da; ITO, Izabel Yoko
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.87526%
This study evaluated in vitro the antibacterial activity of 4 root canal filling materials for primary teeth - zinc oxide and eugenol cement (ZOE), Calen paste thickened with zinc oxide (Calen/ZO), Sealapex sealer and EndoREZ sealer - against 5 bacterial strains commonly found in endodontic infections (Kocuria rhizophila, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus mutans, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus) using the agar diffusion test (agar-well technique). Calen paste, 1% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) and distilled water served as controls. Seven wells per dish were made at equidistant points and immediately filled with the test and control materials. After incubation of the plates at 37oC for 24 h, the diameter of the zones of bacterial growth inhibition produced around the wells was measured (in mm) with a digital caliper under reflected light. Data were analyzed statistically by analysis of variance and Tukey's post-hoc test (?=0.05). There were statistically significant differences (p<0.0001) among the zones of bacterial growth inhibition produced by the different materials against all target microorganisms. K. rhizophila was inhibited more effectively (p<0.05) by ZOE, while Calen/ZO had its highest antibacterial activity against E. faecalis (p<0.05). S. mutans was inhibited by Calen/ZO...

Antibacterial activity of root canal filling materials for primary teeth: zinc oxide and eugenol cement, Calen paste thickened with zinc oxide, Sealapex and EndoREZ

Queiroz,Alexandra Mussolino de; Nelson Filho,Paulo; Silva,Léa Assed Bezerra da; Assed,Sada; Silva,Raquel Assed Bezerra da; Ito,Izabel Yoko
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.87526%
This study evaluated in vitro the antibacterial activity of 4 root canal filling materials for primary teeth - zinc oxide and eugenol cement (ZOE), Calen paste thickened with zinc oxide (Calen/ZO), Sealapex sealer and EndoREZ sealer - against 5 bacterial strains commonly found in endodontic infections (Kocuria rhizophila, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus mutans, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus) using the agar diffusion test (agar-well technique). Calen paste, 1% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) and distilled water served as controls. Seven wells per dish were made at equidistant points and immediately filled with the test and control materials. After incubation of the plates at 37oC for 24 h, the diameter of the zones of bacterial growth inhibition produced around the wells was measured (in mm) with a digital caliper under reflected light. Data were analyzed statistically by analysis of variance and Tukey's post-hoc test (?=0.05). There were statistically significant differences (p<0.0001) among the zones of bacterial growth inhibition produced by the different materials against all target microorganisms. K. rhizophila was inhibited more effectively (p<0.05) by ZOE, while Calen/ZO had its highest antibacterial activity against E. faecalis (p<0.05). S. mutans was inhibited by Calen/ZO...

Zinc Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis, Doping and Growth Mechanism

Cho, Jinhyun
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.81104%

Over the past decade, the study of zinc oxide (ZnO) II-VI semiconducting nanostructures has been a burgeoning research area because of this material's unique electrical and optical properties. Despite the promise of its characteristics for numerous applications, usage of ZnO in the fabrication of nanoscale devices on a commercial scale remains a challenge because of our lack of knowledge of the underlying physics and chemistry of nanostructures. Sustainable progress in nanowire manufacturing techniques requires that we first undertake basic studies to address these poorly understood underlying concepts before we embark on applied engineering. If these fundamental studies prove successful, then characterization, fabrication, and large-scale integration of nanostructures that use ZnO could be applied to a range of engineering fields. This doctoral dissertation is primarily concerned with the synthesis and doping required for the creation of novel ZnO nanostructures and the growth mechanisms of such structures. Numerous studies have been made of various kinds of ZnO nanostructures. However, no studies have been reported of systematic theoretical modeling that uses both density functional theory and as-synthesized nanostructures to explain the growth mechanisms involved in these devices. First...

Síntese, Propriedades e Aplicações de Óxido de Zinco Nanoestruturado; Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Nanostructured Zinc Oxide

Caroline Mayrinck; Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei; Ellen Raphael; Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei; Jefferson Luis Ferrari; Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei; Marco Antonio Schiavon; Universidade Federal de São João del-Re
Fonte: Revista Virtual de Química Publicador: Revista Virtual de Química
Tipo: ; Formato: binary/octet-stream
Publicado em 01/11/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.742554%
Materiais nanoestruturados vêm passando por um rápido desenvolvimento devido as suas potenciais aplicações em uma ampla variedade de áreas tecnológicas, tais como eletrônica, catálise, cerâmica, fotodetectores, sensores, células solares, entre outras. Porém, torna-se fundamental o estudo das propriedades, condições de síntese e aplicações de materiais nanoestruturados. Um material que vem se destacando devido as suas propriedades mecânicas, elétricas, magnéticas, ópticas e químicas é o óxido de zinco (ZnO). No óxido de zinco tais propriedades dependem principalmente do tamanho e  morfologia de suas partículas. Sendo assim, o presente artigo tem o intuito de realizar uma revisão bibliográfica acerca dos principais métodos de síntese para obtenção de diferentes nanoestruturas de ZnO. DOI: 10.5935/1984-6835.20140078 ; Nanostructured materials are undergoing rapid development due to their potential applications in a wide variety of technological areas such as electronics, catalysis, ceramics, photodetectors, sensors, solar cells, among others. However, it is fundamental the studies of the properties, synthesis conditions and applications of nanostructured materials. A material that has been highlighted due to its mechanical...

Use of nanoparticulate zinc oxide as intracanal medication in endodontics: ph and antimicrobial activity

Guerreiro-Tanomaru,Juliane M; Figueiredo Pereira,Kamila; Almeida Nascimento,Camila; Basso Bernardi,Maria Inês; Tanomaru-Filho,Mario
Fonte: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana Publicador: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.742554%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pH and antimicrobial activity of micro or nanoparticulate zinc oxide (ZnO) pastes with or without calcium hydroxide (CH). The following medications were evaluated: microparticulate ZnO + polyethylene glycol (PEG) 400; nanoparticulate ZnO + PEG 400; PEG 400; CH + microparticulate ZnO + PEG 400 and CH + nanoparticulate ZnO + PEG 400. The pH was assessed between 12 hours and 28 days, using a digital pH meter. The antimicrobial activity against Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC-9212), Candida albicans (ATCC-10231), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC-27853), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC-6538) and Kocuria rhizophila (ATCC-9341) was determined in triplicate using agar diffusion test. The results were submitted to Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn and ANOVA/Tukey tests with 5% significance. The highest pH values were found for CH+ZnO, with higher values for nanoparticulate ZnO after 12 hours and 21 days (p<0.05). CH+ZnO medication promoted higher growth inhibition against P. aeruginosa and lower against E. faecalis. Calcium hydroxide pastes have higher pH and antimicrobial activity when associated with either micro- or nanoparticulate zinc oxide.

Effects of excimer laser annealing on low-temperature solution based indium-zinc-oxide thin film transistor fabrication

Chen,Chao-Nan; Huang,Jung-Jie
Fonte: UNAM, Centro de Ciencias Aplicadas y Desarrollo Tecnológico Publicador: UNAM, Centro de Ciencias Aplicadas y Desarrollo Tecnológico
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.87526%
A Solution Based Indium-Zinc-Oxide thin-film transistor (TFT) with a field-effect mobility of 0.58 cm²/Vs, a threshold voltage of 2.84 V by using pulse laser annealing processes. Indium-zinc-oxide (IZO) films with a low process temperature were deposited by sol-gel solution based method and KrF excimer laser annealing (wavelength of 248 nm). Solution based indium-zinc-oxide (IZO) films usually needs high temperature about 500°C post annealing in a oven. KrF excimer laser annealing shows advantages of low temperature process, the less process time deceases to only few seconds was used to replace the high temperature process. IZO thin films suffering laser irradiation still keeps the amorphous film quality by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) diffraction pattern analysis. It could be expected this technology to large-area flexible display, in the future.