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Electrochemical behavior of carbon steel pre-treated with an organo functional bis-silane filled with copper phthalocyanine

SUEGAMA, Patricia H.; AOKI, Idalina V.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.06%
The bis-[trimethoxysilylpropyl]amine (BTSPA) film filled with copper phthalocyanine (Cu-Ph) was prepared by adding different concentrations of copper phthalocyanine - Cu-Ph and deposited on a carbon steel substrate using 120 ºC and 150 ºC as curing temperatures. For samples cured at 150 ºC a second layer was also deposited. The electrochemical behavior of carbon steel coated with BTSPA filled with Cu-Ph was studied by electrochemical measurements, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarization curves, in aerated 0.1 mol L-1 NaCl solution. Physical and chemical characterization was made by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy, contact angle measurements and infrared spectroscopy. TGA showed no decomposition of Cu-Ph during the curing process. Cu-Ph added into the silane film showed a strong influence on its corrosion resistance, mainly when the samples are cured at 150 ºC. The results showed that lower inhibitor concentrations led to a higher corrosion resistance and the second layer increased by one order of magnitude the corrosion resistance.; Neste trabalho, depositou-se sobre aço carbono o filme de bis-[trimetoxisililpropil]amina (BTSPA) adicionado de ftalocianina de cobre (Cu-Ph). Na obtenção desse filme variou-se as concentrações de Cu-Ph e a temperatura de cura (120 e 150 °C) e nas amostras curadas à 150°C...

Corrosion behavior of carbon steel protected with single and bi-layer of silane films filled with silica nanoparticles

SUEGAMA, P. H.; MELO, H. G. de; RECCO, A. A. C.; TSCHIPTSCHIN, A. P.; AOKI, I. V.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.06%
The electrochemical behaviour of carbon steel coated with bis-[trimethoxysilylpropyl]amine (BTSPA) filled with silica nanoparticles in naturally aerated 0.1 mol L-1 NaCl solutions was evaluated. The coating was prepared by adding different concentrations of silica nanoparticles (100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 ppm) to the hydrolysis solution and then a second layer without silica nanoparticles was applied. The electrochemical behavior of the coated steel was evaluated by means of open-circuit potential (E-OC), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarization curves. Surface characterization was made by atomic force microscopy (AFM), and its hydrophobicity assessed by contact angle measurements. EIS diagrams have shown an improvement of the barrier properties of the silane layer with the silica addition, which was further improved on the bi-layer system. However, a dependence on the filler concentration was verified, and the best electrochemical response was obtained for samples modified with 300 ppm of silica nanoparticles. AFM images have shown a homogeneous distribution of the silica nanoparticles on the sample surface; however particles agglomeration was detected, which degraded the corrosion protection performance. The results were explained on the basis of the improvement of the barrier properties of the coating due to the filler addition and on the onset of defective regions on the more heavily filled coatings allowing easier electrolyte penetration. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Avaliação do desempenho de pré-tratamentos à base de bissilanos sobre aço carbono e aço galvanizado utilizados na indústria automotiva.; Evaluation of bis-silane based pretreatments on carbon and galvanized steel used in automotive industry.

Souza, Paulo Renato de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/10/2010 PT
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37.55%
Neste trabalho buscou-se otimizar a obtenção de três diferentes filmes polissilânicos, a base de bis-1,2-(trietoxisilil)etano (BTSE), bis-(-trimetoxisililpropil)amina (BTSPA) e bis-1,2-[(trietoxisilil)propil]tetrassulfeto (BTESPT), com o intuito de proporcionar maior resistência à corrosão para o aço carbono e para o aço galvanizado. Foi variada a concentração do silano, o tempo de hidrólise e dopantes (íons de cério (III) e cério (IV)), sendo estes últimos adicionados na solução precursora. Estes parâmetros foram testados sobre dois tipos de superfícies: uma a base de ferro (aço carbono) e outra a base de zinco (aço galvanizado) obtendo, desta forma, condições para que cada filme polissilânico fornecesse a melhor proteção contra corrosão do substrato. As técnicas eletroquímicas usadas para esta avaliação foram espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica (EIE), resistência de polarização linear (Rp) e curvas de polarização (CP); também foram utilizadas a microscopia de força atômica (AFM) e a microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). Com a otimização do processo de obtenção dos filmes de silano, foram pré-tratados os corpos-de-prova (cdp) e submetidos ao processo de pintura, objetivando a comparação entre o pré-tratamento a base de silano e o de fosfatização...

Filmes finos à base de polissilanos como pré-tratamentos protetores contra corrosão de aço 'galvannealed'.; Thin films based on polisilane as protective pre-treatments against corrosion of galvannealed steel.

Capelossi, Vera Rosa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/12/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.51%
Atualmente o aço galvannealed é submetido à fosfatização e/ou cromatização como pré-tratamento superficial; no entanto, por questões econômicas e ambientais, estuda-se a viabilidade de utilizar os silanos como pré-tratamento alternativo. Os silanos são moléculas organofuncionais conhecidas por atuar como agentes de ligação entre superfícies orgânicas e inorgânicas, promotores de adesão em sistemas de pintura e também por fornecerem proteção contra a corrosão. A proteção à corrosão depende principalmente do silano a ser utilizado, das condições de hidrólise e de cura. O objetivo deste trabalho é estudar as condições de hidrólise através de um projeto estatístico de experimentos e o efeito na proteção contra corrosão, de um agente promotor de polimerização redox (íons de cério IV) ou de um inibidor de corrosão (íons de cério III) aplicado aos filmes de silanos (bis-silano funcional: bis-1,2- [(trietoxisilil)propil] tetrasulfeto (BTESPT) e bis-(g-trimetoxysililpropil)amina (BTSPA)) obtidos em 1%, 2% ou 3% de concentração de silano em massa de solução solvente água/etanol (50/50%), nos pHs 4,0, 5,0, 6,5 e 9,0, depositados sobre o aço galvannealed. A natureza porosa natural da superfície desse aço...

Estudo da potencialidade de compostos a base de silanos no combate da reação álcali-agregado; Study about potentiality of using silane compounds to mitigate alkaliaggregate reaction

Silva, Cristiane Martins da
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
A reação química entre os hidróxidos alcalinos presentes no cimento e fases minerais reativas presentes no agregado dá origem a um gel sílico-alcalino que ao adsorver água se expande, podendo causar expansão e fissuração do concreto, afetando a sua durabilidade. Este fenômeno é chamado de reação álcali-agregado (RAA) e embora seja conhecido há aproximadamente 70 anos no meio técnico, e principalmente estar relacionado às grandes barragens e estruturas de concretos diversas de Usina hidrelétricas, nos últimos anos outros tipos de estruturas têm sido afetadas, inclusive fundações de edifícios, deixando ainda mais o problema em evidência. As medidas preventivas para esta reação já são conhecidas há muito tempo e aplicadas rotineiramente em estruturas de usinas hidrelétricas quando se tem agregados reativos, sendo recentemente normalizadas no Brasil. Porém, ainda existem grandes carências em se combater o fenômeno quando já se encontra instalado no concreto. Diante do exposto, este trabalho, desenvolvido dentro do programa de P&D de Furnas/ANEEL, teve como principal objetivo verificar a potencialidade de compostos a base de Silanos através de testes laboratoriais com vistas à aplicação em concretos contendo agregados reativos na tentativa de minimizar as expansões residuais em estruturas que já se encontram afetadas. As atividades desenvolvidas contemplam ensaios em barras de argamassas que foram tratadas...

Surface characterization of feldspathic ceramic using ATR FT-IR and ellipsometry after various silanization protocols

Cavalcanti Queiroz, Jose Renato; Benetti, Paula; Oezcan, Mutlu; Cappa de Oliveira, Luiz Fernando; Della Bona, Alvaro; Takahashi, Fernando Eidi; Bottino, Marco Antonio
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 189-196
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.6%
Objectives. This study characterized the feldspathic ceramic surfaces after various silanization protocols.Methods. Ceramic bars (2 mm x 4 mm x 10 mm) (N = 18) of feldpathic ceramic (VM7, VITA Zahnfabrik) were manufactured and finished. Before silane application, the specimens were ultrasonically cleaned in distilled water for 10 min. The ceramic specimens were randomly divided into nine groups (N = 2 per group) and were treated with different silane protocols. MPS silane (ESPE-Sil, 3M ESPE) was applied to all specimens and left to react at 20 degrees C for 2 min (G20). After drying, the specimens were subjected to heat treatment in an oven at 38 degrees C (G38), 79 degrees C (G79) or 100 degrees C (G100) for 1 min. Half of the specimens of each group were rinsed with water at 80 degrees C for 15 s (G20B, G38B, G79B, G100B). The control group (GC) received no silane. Attenuated total reflection infrared Fourier transform analysis (ATR FT-IR) was performed using a spectrometer. Thickness of silane layer was measured using a spectroscopic ellip-someter working in the lambda = 632.8 nm (He-Ne laser) at 70 degrees incidence angle. Surface roughness was evaluated using an optical profilometer. Specimens were further analyzed under the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to observe the topographic patterns.Results. ATR FT-IR analysis showed changes in Si-O peaks with enlarged bands around 940 cm(-1). Ellipsometry measurements showed that all post-heat treatment actions reduced the silane film thickness (30.8-33.5 nm) compared to G20 (40 nm). The groups submitted to rinsing in hot water (B groups) showed thinner silane films (9.8-14.4 nm) than those of their corresponding groups (without washing) (30.8-40 nm). Profilometer analysis showed that heat treatments (Ra approximate to 0.10-0.19 mu m; Rq approximate to 0.15-0.26 mu m) provided a smoother surface than the control group (Ra approximate to 0.48 mu m; Rq approximate to 0.65 mu m). Similar patterns were also observed in SEM images.Significance. Heat treatment after MPS silane application improved the silane layer network. Rinsing with boiling water eliminated the outmost unreacted regions of the silane yielding to thinner film thicknesses. (C) 2011 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Avaliação da união cerâmica-vítrea/cimento-resinoso usando diferentes soluções contendo silano = : Evaluation of glass-ceramic/resin-cement interface using different silane-containing solutions; Evaluation of glass-ceramic/resin-cement interface using different silane-containing solutions

Fabian de Jesus Murillo Gomez
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/02/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.66%
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a interação de diferentes soluções contendo silano, com cerâmica vítrea e cimentos resinosos por meio da resistência de união por microcisalhamento e avaliação morfológica da fratura. Este estudo foi separado em dois capítulos. No capítulo 1 foi verificada a influência de quatro soluções contendo silano (solução convencional, solução convencional seguida da aplicação de um sistema adesivo convencional, sistema adesivo universal contendo silano e um primer universal para materiais cerâmicos contendo silano) e a influência do uso ou não do condicionamento prévio da cerâmica com ácido fluorídrico na resistência de união entre uma cerâmica vítrea e um cimento resinoso convencional, após 24h. A análise morfológica da fratura foi avaliada com microscópio eletrônico de varredura. Todos os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância a dois fatores e teste de Tukey (?=0.05). Os resultados mostraram que o condicionamento prévio da cerâmica com ácido fluorídrico foi um fator determinante na obtenção de valores estatisticamente significativos na resistência de união entre ela e o cimento resinoso. A solução de silano convencional foi o único tratamento que proporcionou valores significativamente maiores de resistência de união sem a aplicação do condicionamento prévio na cerâmica vítrea. Todas as soluções proporcionaram resistência de união estatisticamente superior quando o ácido fluorídrico foi usado previamente em relação ao grupo de cerâmicas só jateadas com óxido de alumínio. Os valores foram diferentes estatisticamente entre as soluções...

Coupling of HDPE/hydroxyapatite composites by silane-based methodologies

Sousa, R. A.; Reis, R. L.; Cunha, A. M.; Bevis, M. J.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publishers Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.51%
Several coupling treatments based on silane chemicals were investigated for the development of high density (HDPE)/hydroxyapatite (HA) composites. Two HA powders, sintered HA (HAs) and non sintered HA (HAns), were studied in combination with five silanes, namely y-methacryloxy propyltrimethoxy silane (MEMO), 3-(2-aminoethyl)aminopropyltrimethoxy silane (DAMO), vinyltrimethoxy silane (VTMO), 3-aminopropyltriethoxy silane (AMEO) and trimethoxypropyl silane (PTMO). The HA particles were treated by a dipping in method or by spraying with silane solutions. After drying, the treated powders were compounded with HDPE or HDPE with acrylic acid and/or organic peroxide and subsequently compression molded. The tensile test specimens obtained from the molded plates were tensile tested and their fracture surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). For the sintered HA (HAs) composites, the most effective coupling treatments concerning stiffness are those based on MEMO and AMEO. The low influence of these coupling procedures on strength is believed to be associated to the low volume fraction and the relatively smooth surface of the used HA particles. For the non-sintered HA (HAns) composites, it was possible to improve significantly both the stiffness and the strength. Amino silanes demonstrated to be highly efficient concerning strength enhancement. The higher effectiveness of the coupling treatments for HAns filled composites is attributed to their higher particle surface area...

Electrochemical behavior of carbon steel pre-treated with an organo functional bis-silane filled with copper phthalocyanine

Suegama,Patricia H.; Aoki,Idalina V.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.06%
The bis-[trimethoxysilylpropyl]amine (BTSPA) film filled with copper phthalocyanine (Cu-Ph) was prepared by adding different concentrations of copper phthalocyanine - Cu-Ph and deposited on a carbon steel substrate using 120 ºC and 150 ºC as curing temperatures. For samples cured at 150 ºC a second layer was also deposited. The electrochemical behavior of carbon steel coated with BTSPA filled with Cu-Ph was studied by electrochemical measurements, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarization curves, in aerated 0.1 mol L-1 NaCl solution. Physical and chemical characterization was made by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy, contact angle measurements and infrared spectroscopy. TGA showed no decomposition of Cu-Ph during the curing process. Cu-Ph added into the silane film showed a strong influence on its corrosion resistance, mainly when the samples are cured at 150 ºC. The results showed that lower inhibitor concentrations led to a higher corrosion resistance and the second layer increased by one order of magnitude the corrosion resistance.

An Atomic Force Microscopy Study of the Interactions Involving Polymers and Silane Networks

Oréfice,Rodrigo L.; Brennan,Anthony
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Polímeros Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Polímeros
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.55%
ABSTRACT: Silane coupling agents have been frequently used as interfacial agents in polymer composites to improve interfacial strength and resistance to fluid migration. Although the capability of these agents in improving properties and performance of composites has been reported, there are still many uncertainties regarding the processing-structure-property relationships and the mechanisms of coupling developed by silane agents. In this work, an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) was used to measure interactions between polymers and silica substrates, where silane networks with a series of different structures were processed. The influence of the structure of silane networks on the interactions with polymers was studied and used to determine the mechanisms involved in the coupling phenomenon. The AFM results showed that phenomena such as chain penetration, entanglements, intersegment bonding, chain conformation in the vicinities of rigid surfaces were identified as being relevant for the overall processes of adhesion and adsorption of polymeric chains within a silane network. AFM adhesion curves showed that penetration of polymeric chains through a more open silane network can lead to higher levels of interactions between polymer and silane agents.

Comparative investigation of the adhesion of Ce conversion layers and silane layers to a AA 2024-T3 substrate through mechanical and electrochemical tests

Palomino,Luis Enrique Morales; Pászti,Zoltán; Aoki,Idalina Vieira; Melo,Hercílio Gomes de
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
Cerium conversion layers and silane films are among the potential substitutes for the carcinogenic chromate conversion layers used to protect high-strength Al alloys. In the present work the adhesion of a cerium conversion layer and of a silane film to an aluminium alloy (AA) 2024-T3 substrate was investigated using mechanical and electrochemical tests. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)- X ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to characterize the layers prior and after the mechanical test consisting of ultrasonic rinse in deionized water during 30 minutes. Mechanically tested and untested layers were also submitted to electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and anodic polarization measurements in 0.1 M NaCl solution. The results of the characterization tests have pointed to a stronger adhesion of the Ce layer to the substrate in comparison with the silane film, which was confirmed by the electrochemical tests. The adhesion between the silane film and the Ce conversion layer was also tested, to evaluate the possibility of using the system as a protective bi-layer in accordance with the new trends being developed to substitute chromate conversion layers.

Colloidal assemblies on patterned silane layers

Jonas, Ulrich; del Campo, Aránzazu; Krüger, Christian; Glasser, Gunnar; Boos, Diana
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/04/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.51%
The site-selective assembly of colloidal polymer particles onto laterally patterned silane layers was studied as a model system for the object assembly process at mesoscale dimensions. The structured silane monolayers on silicon oxide substrates were fabricated by a combination of liquid- and gas-phase deposition of different trialkoxysilanes with a photolithographic patterning technique. By using this method various types of surface functionalizations such as regions with amino functions next to areas of the bare silica surface or positively charged regions of a quaternary ammonium silane surrounded by a hydrophobic octadecylsilane film could be obtained. Furthermore, a triethoxysilane with a photoprotected amino group was synthesized, which allowed direct photopatterning after monolayer preparation, leading to free NH2 groups at the irradiated regions. The different silane monolayer patterns were used to study the surface assembly behavior of carboxylated methacrylate particles by optical and scanning electron microscopy. In dependence of the assembly conditions (different surface functionalizations, pH, and drying conditions), a selective preference of the particles for a specific surface type versus others was found. Site-specific colloid adsorption could be observed also on the photosensitive silane layers after local deprotection with light. From the photosensitive silane and positively charged ammonium silane...

Enhancing the protein resistance of silicone via surface-restructuring PEO-silane amphiphiles with variable PEO length

Rufin, M. A.; Gruetzner, J. A.; Hurley, M. J.; Hawkins, M. L.; Raymond, E. S.; Raymond, J. E.; Grunlan, M. A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.55%
Silicones with superior protein resistance were produced by bulk-modification with poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)-silane amphiphiles that demonstrated a higher capacity to restructure to the surface-water interface versus conventional non-amphiphilic PEO-silanes. The PEO-silane amphiphiles were prepared with a single siloxane tether length but variable PEO segment lengths: α-(EtO)3Si(CH2)2-oligodimethylsiloxane13-block-poly(ethylene oxide)n-OCH3 (n = 3, 8, and 16). Conventional PEO-silane analogues (n = 3, 8 and 16) as well as a siloxane tether-silane (i.e. no PEO segment) were prepared as controls. When surface-grafted onto silicon wafer, PEO-silane amphiphiles produced surfaces that were more hydrophobic and thus more adherent towards fibrinogen versus the corresponding PEO-silane. However, when blended into a silicone, PEO-silane amphiphiles exhibited rapid restructuring to the surface-water interface and excellent protein resistance whereas the PEO-silanes did not. Silicones modified with PEO-silane amphiphiles of PEO segment lengths n = 8 and 16 achieved the highest protein resistance.

Effect of Silane Coupling Agent Chemistry on Electrical Breakdown across Hybrid Organic–Inorganic Insulating Films

Diebold, Roger Mitchell; Gordon, Michael J.; Clarke, David R.
Fonte: American Chemical Society Publicador: American Chemical Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.06%
Dielectric breakdown measurements were conducted on self-assembled monolayer (SAM)/native silicon oxide hybrid dielectrics using conductive atomic force microscopy (C-AFM). By depositing silane coupling agents (SCAs) through a diffusional barrier layer, SAM roughness was decoupled from chemistry to compare the chemical effects of exposed R-group functionality on dielectric breakdown. Using Weibull and current–voltage (I–V) analysis, the breakdown strength was observed to be independent of SCA R-group length, and the addition of a SAM was seen to improve the breakdown strength relative to native silicon oxide by up to 158%. Fluorinated SCAs were observed to suppress tunneling leakage and exhibited increased breakdown strength relative to their hydrocarbon analogs. Electron trapping, scattering, or attachment processes inherent to the fluorinated moieties are thought to be the origin of the improved breakdown properties.; Engineering and Applied Sciences

Half-sandwich silane complexes of ruthenium and iron : synthesis, structure and application to catalysis

Gutsulyak, Dmitry V.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The present thesis describes syntheses, structural studies, and catalytic reactivity of new non-classical silane complexes of ruthenium and iron. The ruthenium complexes CpRu(PPri3)CI(T]2-HSiR3) (1) (SiR3 = SiCh (a), SiClzMe (b), SiCIMe2 (c), SiH2Ph (d), SiMe2Ph (e» were prepared by reactions of the new unsaturated complex CpRu(PPri3)CI with silanes. According to NMR studies and X-ray analyses, the complexes la-c exhibit unusual simultaneous Si··· H and Si··· CI-Ru interactions. The complex CpRu(PPri3)CI was also used for the preparation of the first examples of late transition metal agostic silylamido complexes CpRu(PPri3)(N(T]2-HSiMe2)R) (2) (R= Ar or But), which were characterized by NMR spectroscopy. The iron complexes CpFe(PMePri2)H2(SiR3) (3) (SiR3 = SiCh (a), SiClzMe (b), SiCIMe2 (c), SiH2Ph (d), SiMe2Ph (e» were synthesized by the reaction of the new borohydride iron complex CpFe(PMePri2)(B~) with silanes in the presence NEt3. The complexes 3 exhibit unprecedented two simultaneous and equivalent Si··· H interactions, which was confirmed by X-ray analyses and DFT calculations. A series of cationic ruthenium complexes [CpRu(PR3)(CH3CN)(112-HSiR'3)]BAF (PR3 = PPri 3 (4), PPh3 (5); SiR'3 = SiCh (a), SiClzMe (b)...

Uso do silano BTSE na proteção contra a corrosão de laminados de aço carbono.; The use of the silane bis-1,2-(triethoxysilyl) ethane (BTSE) in the protection against corrosion of rolled carbon steel (SCR).

Capiotto, Nelson
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.51%
Este trabalho apresenta os estudos das principais etapas que envolvem o uso do silano bis-trietoxisililetano (BTSE) na proteção contra a corrosão de laminados de aço carbono que são: o tratamento alcalino, a hidrólise do silano e a cura dos filmes obtidos. Através da técnica de análise espectroscópica na região do infravermelho foi possível obter os espectros de absorção do silano BTSE em concentrações da ordem de 2% em solução aquo-etanólica. O acompanhamento em função do tempo, da transmitância da banda na região de 1067 cm-1, que se refere às ligações hidrolisáveis do silano BTSE (Si-OEt), possibilitou estabelecer as condições ideais de hidrólise do silano BTSE em soluções aquo-etanólica, que se dá por volta de 40 minutos em pH=4. Os estudo das reações de hidrólise do silano BTSE neste tipo de solução possibilitou verificar também que as reações de hidrólise não ocorrem em uma única etapa. Através do planejamento fatorial de experimentos e da espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica (EIS) foi possível medir a impedância real (Z') dos filmes protetivos desenvolvidos sobre superfícies limpas de aço pré-tratadas com soluções alcalinas em diferentes condições. A análise estatística dos dados obtidos...

Bond strength between fiber posts and composite resin core: influence of temperature on silane coupling agents

Novais,Veridiana Resende; Simamotos Júnior,Paulo Cézar; Rontani,Regina Maria Puppin; Correr-Sobrinho,Lourenço; Soares,Carlos José
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.6%
This study evaluated the effect of air drying temperature and different silane coupling agents on the bond strength between glass fiber posts and composite resin core. The post surface was cleaned with alcohol and treated with different silane coupling agents, being three prehydrolyzed silanes [Silano (Angelus), Prosil (FGM), RelyX Ceramic Primer (3M ESPE)] and one two-component silane [Silane Coupling Agent (Dentsply)]. Two post-silanization air drying temperatures, 23ºC and 60ºC, were applied. A cylindrical plastic matrix was placed around the silanized post and filled with composite resin. Each bonded post provided 7 slices for push-out testing. Each slice was loaded to failure under compression at a cross-head speed of 0.5 mm/min. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Scott-Knott tests (α=0.05). Dunnett's test was used to compare the mean of the control group with that of each experimental group. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to evaluate the interface of the fractured slices. For the 23ºC air drying temperature, the use of RelyX Ceramic Primer resulted in significantly lower bond strength than the other silane coupling agents, while the bond strength with Silane Coupling Agent was the highest of all groups. Only with Silane Coupling Agent...

Effect of Silane Type and Air-Drying Temperature on Bonding Fiber Post to Composite Core and Resin Cement

Rosatto,Camila Maria Peres de; Roscoe,Marina Guimarães; Novais,Veridiana Resende; Menezes,Murilo de Sousa; Soares,Carlos José
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.66%
This study evaluated the influence of silane type and temperature of silane application on push-out bond strength between fiberglass posts with composite resin core and resin cement. One hundred and sixty fiberglass posts (Exacto, Angelus) had the surface treated with hydrogen peroxide 24%. Posts were divided in 8 groups according to two study factors: air-drying temperature after silane application (room temperature and 60 ºC) and silane type: three pre-hydrolyzed - Silano (Angelus), Prosil (FGM), RelyX Ceramic Primer (3M ESPE) and one two-component silane - Silane Coupling Agent (Dentsply). The posts (n=10) for testing the bond strength between post and composite core were centered on a cylindrical plastic matrix and composite resin (Filtek Z250 XT, 3M ESPE) that was incrementally inserted and photoactivated. Eighty bovine incisor roots (n=10) were prepared for testing the bond strength between post and resin cement (RelyX U100, 3M ESPE) and received the fiberglass posts. Push-out test was used to measure the bond strength. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (a=0.05). ANOVA revealed that temperature and silane had no influence on bond strength between composite core and post. However, for bond strength between post and resin cement...

Effect of bonding material, etching time and silane on the bond strength of metallic orthodontic brackets to ceramic

Costa,Ana Rosa; Correr,Américo Bortolazzo; Puppin-Rontani,Regina Maria; Vedovello,Silvia Amélia; Valdrighi,Heloísa Cristina; Correr-Sobrinho,Lourenço; Vedovello Filho,Mário
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of metallic orthodontic brackets to feldspathic ceramic with different etching times, bonding materials and with or without silane application. Cylinders of feldspathic ceramic were etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 or 60 s. For each etching time, half of the cylinders received two layers of silane. Metallic brackets were bonded to the cylinders using Transbond XT (3M Unitek) or Fuji Ortho LC (GC). Light-activation was carried out with total exposure time of 40 s using UltraLume 5. Shear bond strength testing was performed after 24 h storage. Data were submitted to three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). The adhesive remnant index (ARI) was used to evaluate the amount of adhesive remaining on the ceramic surface at ×8 magnification. Specimens etched for 60 s had significantly higher bond strength compared with 20 s. The application of silane was efficient in increasing the shear bond strength between ceramic and both fixed materials. Transbond XT showed significantly higher (p<0.05) bond strength than Fuji Orth LC. There wasa predominance of ARI score 0 (clean ceramic failure surface) for all groups, with an increase in scores 1, 2 and 3 (adhesive material increasingly present on ceramic failure aspect) for the 60-s etching time. In conclusion...

Heat Treatment of Pre-hydrolyzed Silane Increases Adhesion of Phosphate Monomer-based Resin Cement to Glass Ceramic

Carvalho,Rodrigo Furtado de; Cotes,Caroline; Kimpara,Estevão Tomomitsu; Leite,Fabíola Pessoa Pereira
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.6%
This study evaluated the influence of different forms of heat treatment on a pre-hydrolyzed silane to improve the adhesion of phosphate monomer-based (MDP) resin cement to glass ceramic. Resin and feldspathic ceramic blocks (n=48, n=6 for bond test, n=2 for microscopy) were randomly divided into 6 groups and subject to surface treatments: G1: Hydrofluoric acid (HF) 9.6% for 20 s + Silane + MDP resin cement (Panavia F); G2: HF 9.6% for 20 s + Silane + Heat Treatment (oven) + Panavia F; G3: Silane + Heat Treatment (oven) + Panavia F; G4: HF 9.6% for 20 s + Silane + Heat Treatment (hot air) + Panavia F; G5: Silane + Heat Treatment (hot air) + Panavia F; G6: Silane + Panavia F. Microtensile bond strength (MTBS) test was performed using a universal testing machine (1 mm/min). After debonding, the substrate and adherent surfaces were analyzed using stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) to categorize the failure types. Data were analyzed statistically using two-way test ANOVA and Tukey's test (=0.05). Heat treatment of the silane containing MDP...