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Utilização de web semântica para seleção de informações de web services no registro UDDI uma abordagem com qualidade de serviço; The use of semantic web for selection of web services information in the UDDI registration an approach with quality service

Nakamura, Luis Hideo Vasconcelos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/02/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
Este projeto de mestrado aborda a utilização de recursos daWeb Semântica na seleção de informações sobre Web Services no registro UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration). Esse registro possui a limitação de apenas armazenar informações funcionais de Web Services. As informações não funcionais que incluem as informações de qualidade de serviço (QoS - Quality of Service) não são contempladas e dessa forma dificulta a escolha do melhor serviço pelos clientes. Neste projeto, a representação da base de conhecimento com informações sobre os provedores, clientes, acordos, serviços e a qualidade dos serviços prestados foi feita por meio de uma ontologia. Essa ontologia é utilizada pelo módulo UDOnt-Q (Universal Discovery with Ontology and QoS) que foi projetado para servir de plataforma para algoritmos de busca e composição de serviços com qualidade. Embora a utilização de semântica possa ser empregada para a composição e automatização de serviços, o foco deste trabalho é a garantia de qualidade de serviço em Web Services. Os algoritmos desenvolvidos empregam recursos da Web Semântica para classificar e selecionar os Web Services adequados de acordo com as informações de qualidade que estão armazenados na ontologia. O módulo e os algoritmos foram submetidos a avaliações de desempenho que revelaram problemas de desempenho com relação a abordagem adotada durante o processo de inferência da ontologia. Tal processo é utilizado para a classificação das informações dos elementos presentes na ontologia. Contudo...

Coordenação das ações e serviços de saúde na assistência prestada às pessoas que vivem com aids no município de Ribeirão Preto - SP; Coordination of actions and health services for care to people living with AIDS in Ribeirão Preto - SP

Lopes, Livia Maria
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/12/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
O estudo objetivou analisar a coordenação das ações e serviços de saúde na assistência prestada às pessoas que vivem com aids. Utilizou-se o conceito teórico de coordenação, tomando como eixo de análise a integração das ações e serviços dentro das equipes de referência e junto a outros profissionais/especialidades/serviços. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, do tipo inquérito, de abordagem quantitativa. Participaram 301 pessoas que viviam com aids e estavam em acompanhamento nos cinco ambulatórios de referência do município de Ribeirão Preto e que atendiam aos seguintes critérios: maiores de 18 anos, com terapia antirretroviral instituída a mais de 6 meses, residentes no próprio município e não pertencentes ao sistema prisional. Foram realizadas entrevistas, utilizando-se um instrumento específico, contendo questões sobre dados sócio-demográficos, características clínicas dos casos, serviços de saúde utilizados e coordenação da assistência. Os dados foram analisados por meio de distribuição de frequência, construção de indicadores e análise de correspondência múltipla. Identificou-se paridade entre os sexos, envelhecimento da população, baixa escolaridade, predomínio da classe econômica C. A maioria apresentava-se assintomática...

Construction of ethics in clinical research - Clinical trials registration

Caramori, Carlos Antonio
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 729-736
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
Scientific development that has been achieved through decades finds in clinical research a great possibility of translating findings to human health application. Evidence given by clinical trials allows everyone to have access to the best health services. However, the millionaire world of pharmaceutical industries has stained clinical research with doubt and improbability. Study results (fruits of controlled clinical trials) and scientific publications (selective, manipulated and with wrong conclusions) led to an inappropriate clinical practice, favoring the involved economic aspect. In 2005, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), supported by the World Association of Medical Editors, started demanding as a requisite for publication that all clinical trials be registered at the database ClinicalTrials.gov. In 2006, the World Health Organization (WHO) created the International Clinical Trial Registry Platform (ICTRP), which gathers several registry centers from all over the world, and required that all researchers and pharmaceutical industries register clinical trials. Such obligatory registration has progressed and will extend to all scientific journals indexed in all worldwide databases. Registration of clinical trials means another step of clinical research towards transparency...

Diagnostic characterization of services providing care to victims of accidents and violence in five Brazilian state capitals

Deslandes,Suely Ferreira; Souza,Edinilsa Ramos de; Minayo,Maria Cecília de Souza; Costa,Cláudia Regina B. Sampaio Fernandes da; Krempel,Márcia; Cavalcanti,Maria de Lourdes; Lima,Maria Luiza Carvalho de; Moysés,Samuel Jorge; Leal,Maria Lúcia; Carmo,Cl
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
This article characterizes the services providing care to victims in five Brazilian regions with high violence and accident rates. It analyzes care activities and strategies, the profile of the teams, the conditions of installations, equipment and supplies, integrated care and registration services and the opinion of health managers with respect to the needs and requirements for a better care to the victims. The sample is composed by 103 services: 34 from Recife, 25 from Rio de Janeiro, 18 from Manaus, 18 from Curitiba and 8 from Brasília. The still preliminary results indicate: lower number of services focusing on the elderly; scarce investment in preventive actions; the principal actions carried out are social assistance, ambulatory and hospital care and psychological assistance; patients received from Basic Health Units require attention of the communities and families; need for investment in capacity building programs for professionals; precarious registries, data handled manually. The wording of the National Policy for Reduction of Morbidity and Mortality from Accidents and Violence is not well-known and there is a lack of articulation among and inside sectors and between prehospital and emergency care services. Rehabilitation services are insufficient in all cities.

Construction of ethics in clinical research: clinical trials registration

Caramori,C. A.
Fonte: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP Publicador: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
Scientific development that has been achieved through decades finds in clinical research a great possibility of translating findings to human health application. Evidence given by clinical trials allows everyone to have access to the best health services. However, the millionaire world of pharmaceutical industries has stained clinical research with doubt and improbability. Study results (fruits of controlled clinical trials) and scientific publications (selective, manipulated and with wrong conclusions) led to an inappropriate clinical practice, favoring the involved economic aspect. In 2005, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), supported by the World Association of Medical Editors, started demanding as a requisite for publication that all clinical trials be registered at the database ClinicalTrials.gov. In 2006, the World Health Organization (WHO) created the International Clinical Trial Registry Platform (ICTRP), which gathers several registry centers from all over the world, and required that all researchers and pharmaceutical industries register clinical trials. Such obligatory registration has progressed and will extend to all scientific journals indexed in all worldwide databases. Registration of clinical trials means another step of clinical research towards transparency...

A Design Model for Computer-based Guideline Implementation Based on Information Management Services

Shiffman, Richard N.; Brandt, Cynthia A.; Liaw, Yischon; Corb, Geoffrey J.
Fonte: American Medical Informatics Association Publicador: American Medical Informatics Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Clinical practice guidelines must be implemented effectively if they are to influence the behavior of clinicians. The authors describe a model for computer-based guideline implementation that identifies eight information management services needed to integrate guideline-based decision support with clinical workflow. Recommendation services determine appropriate activities in specific clinical circumstances. Documentation services involve data capture. Registration services integrate demographic and administrative data. Explanation services enhance the credibility of automated recommendations by providing supportive evidence and rating the quality of evidence. Calculation services measure time intervals, suggest medication dosages, and perform other computational tasks. Communication services employ standards for information transfer and provide data security. Effective presentation services facilitate understanding of complex data, clarify trends, and format written materials (including prescriptions) for patients. Aggregation services associate outcomes with specific guideline interventions. The authors provide examples of the eight services that make up the model from five evidence-based practice parameters developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Unemployment Registration and Benefits in ECA Countries

Kuddo, Arvo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
Public Employment Services (PES) in several Europe and Central Asia (ECA) countries are severely limited by underfunded labor market programs, understaffing, and fragmented networks of employment offices. Cash benefits and other entitlements like health insurance often act as incentives to job seekers to register with PES. However, such benefits can and often do encourage unemployment registration by economically inactive individuals. Registered unemployment exceeds survey based unemployment rates in about half of ECA countries (mostly Central Europe and Western Balkans). Registered unemployment is much lower than survey-based unemployment in the Baltic States and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries, primarily due to low access to unemployment benefits and active labor market programs (ALMPs). The numbers of unemployment assistance beneficiaries vary significantly across ECA. In 2009, for example, 85 percent of the registered unemployed in Russia received benefits but, in eight ECA countries...

How Efficiently is Capital Created? Evidence from Property Registration Reform in Egypt

Ibrahim, Jamal Haidar
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
One tool for enhancing economic growth is a simple property registration process. Many developed countries, and countries on their way toward development, have simple, inexpensive, and fast property registration processes. The benefit of such a tool is driven by this thinking: low property registration fees encourage every property holder to receive a formal title. The poor especially will benefit, because they can use their property as collateral, start doing business, and achieve some of their dreams. Recognizing the importance of property registration to the ease of doing business, the Egyptian ministry of investment spotted a relevant reform. A reform strategy was immediately set up. Two problem areas were identified: the cost and quality of procedures to register a property. In Cairo one year ago, registering a property would cost on average 5.9 percent of its value, causing 90 percent of property to be either unregistered or registered at underestimated values.

Institutional Labyrinth : Designing a Way Out for Improving Urban Transport Services--Lessons from Current Practice

Kumar, Ajay; Agarwal, O. P.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Severe congestion, poor air quality, increases in road accidents, and explosive growth in energy consumption are manifestations of rapid motorization in cities around the globe, especially in the developing world. The tendency in most developing cities has been to deal with these problems in a piecemeal fashion, largely through supply side interventions, such as widening roads, constructing flyovers, or building high-cost mass transit systems. It is becoming increasingly recognized that effective solutions lie in comprehensive and holistic approaches that integrate what would normally be patchwork efforts and, in addition, combine supply side efforts with demand side measures. In general, this means that multiple, well-integrated actions need to be taken. Integrated and comprehensive thinking and implementation is required across multiple subsystems and disciplines, such as land use planning, environmental quality, energy efficiency, and services for the poor and physically disadvantaged. The ability to undertake comprehensive planning and execution that is integrated functionally...

Getting Down to Business : Strengthening Economies through Business Registration Reforms

Saltane, Valentina; Pan, Jiawen
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Business registration remains a complicated and costly process in many countries, hampering entrepreneurial activity and the creation of formal employment. In Bolivia and Uganda, for example, entrepreneurs need to complete 15 procedures to incorporate a limited liability company. In the Gambia and Djibouti, the cost of incorporation is about 180 percent of per capita income, and the average time needed to start up a business in São Paulo, Brazil, is more than 100 days. Rampant bureaucracy and systemic inefficiencies should not pose obstacles for business development and growth. Several research studies find that simpler business start-up processes are associated with higher rates of formal entrepreneurship, lesser development of shadow economies, increased tax revenues, and decreased corruption. It is clear that easy and straightforward business incorporation practices have multiple spillover benefits for the entire economy.

Global Civil Registration and Vital Statistics : A Scaling Up Investment Plan 2015-2024

World Bank; World Health Organization
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
The UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), WHO, and the World Bank co-hosted a global consultative meeting on Civil Registration And Vital Statistics (CRVS) in Addis Ababa on April 28-29, 2014 to discuss and obtain input on a draft investment plan. Civil registration is the act of recording and documenting of vital events in a person s life (including birth, marriage, divorce, adoption, and death) and is a fundamental function of governments. The goal of the Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) plan is to register births, deaths and other vital events, including reporting cause of death, and access to legal proof of registration for all individuals by 2030. This global plan has three key components concerning the following: 1) national CRVS strengthening that removes the barriers to birth registration, improving reporting of deaths and determining cause of death, strengthening CRVS institutions and ICT systems, strengthening national ID mechanisms, and improving the response to deaths and vital statistics; 2) international support for CRVS that will focus on strengthening international standards for CRVS...

Republic of Burundi Fiscal Decentralization and Local Governance : Managing Trade-Offs to Promote Sustainable Reforms

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
Despite the remarkable progress achieved since the end of the conflict, Burundi still faces significant development challenges. Since 2005, the Government of Burundi has embarked on a potentially transformative process of decentralization, with the aim of strengthening social cohesion, improving local governance, and promoting access to basic infrastructure and service delivery. The weakness of the communal tax system, coupled with low mobilization of local revenue and nonexistent (current) or negligible (capital) transfers from the national budget threaten the financial viability of communes, which struggle to support even basic operating costs. Addressing a specific government request, the present study aims to provide concrete policy recommendations to help the Government of Burundi improve the financial and institutional sustainability of the decentralization reform process, while enabling communes to address popular demands and deliver better services. The report will also look at the implications of these macro-level challenges at the sectoral level...

Internationalizing Sub-Saharan Africa’s Education and Health Services

Dihel, Nora Carina; Goswami, Arti Grover
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
This paper summarizes the nature and determinants of trade in education and health services in a selected group of countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. The paper presents results from new, innovative data collection methods, such as crowdsourcing, to shed some light on the magnitude, determinants, and restrictions on intra-African trade in education and health services. Assessments of trade and regulatory barriers, based on results from regulatory surveys conducted in selected East African countries, and case studies of success stories and less favorable experiences are then used to develop policy recommendations for using trade and regional integration more strategically to improve outcomes in education and health. The analysis shows that to turn these sectors around, policy action is required in the areas of education, domestic regulation, trade policy, labor mobility, and information and communications technologies at the national and international levels. To retain some of the scarce health workers in the region and enhance the region’s competitiveness in providing education and health services...

A child's first right: birth registration and its role in combating child trafficking and the spread of HIV/AIDS

van der Rijt, Tess
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
Birth registration is a fundamental right that facilitates access to other rights. Officially, an unregistered child does not exist and as such they do not have an official name or identity. A child’s access to basic services such as health and education is denied and they are more vulnerable to abuse and exploitation. “7/ is a fact that if we could assist countries in developing models and proposals... in which children could be registered at birth, then it would be far less likely that they would be able to be trafficked... Children are trafficked... primarily into the sex industry, where they then become victims of HIV/AIDS... Instead of being treated, these children are thrown out on the street... they are treated as illegal immigrants in the country where they have been violated. ” This report aims to assist countries in developing models and proposals in order to ensure registration of all children at birth. The report examines four birth registration systems from different regions of the world. The established birth registration systems in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom (UK), all with high registration rates, are cross-examined and key principles are delineated. The objective is to understand the core principles of the three birth registration systems...

Kyrgyz Republic : Access to Financial Services Policy Note

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
The purpose of this paper is to report on the level of access to formal financial services in the Kyrgyz Republic, assess the key obstacles to improving access, and make recommendations to overcome these obstacles. The paper is organized as follows. Sections II to IV examine the supply of financial services. Specifically, section II presents a profile of financial intermediation by banks, focusing their supply of financial services, particularly lending and deposits. Section III presents a profile of lending by Aiyl Bank, a specialized bank with a limited license, which is mandated to lend for agriculture. Section IV presents a profile of lending by non-bank financial institutions (NBFIs), including microfinance organizations (MFOs) and credit unions. Section V examines the demand side for financial services, drawing on enterprise surveys to assess firms' perceptions of their access to finance. Section VI presents a brief analysis of the impact of the events of April 2010 on access to finance. Section VII discusses key obstacles in increasing access to finance from banks and NBFIs. Section VIII concludes with policy recommendations that derive from the preceding analysis.

Turning Peer-to-Peer Knowledge Management into Implementation : Adventures in Business Registration Reform Practice

Christow, Dobromir
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Some developing countries have successfully reformed their business start-up systems, but the majority significantly lags behind. And starting a business is one of the Doing Business (DB) indicators recognized as a major constraint to businesses in developing countries. For over five years, the World Bank Group (WBG) has been on a mission to support the poorest performers in starting a business. Although the WBG is one of several development institutions providing this form of technical assistance to countries around the world, our approach is novel: we use the services of government official's reformers from best practice countries to work with their peers in developing countries. This approach helps us transfer firsthand reform experience between peers. This smart lesson describes how the Business Entry (BE) team discovered another powerful partner governmental agencies and regulators from best-practice countries, and their international associations and engaged with them to make giant strides in introducing business registration reforms and creating an unprecedented peer-to-peer (P2P) learning experience.

Fighting Corruption in Public Services : Chronicling Georgia's Reforms

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This book chronicles the anticorruption reforms that have transformed public service in Georgia since the Rose Revolution in late 2003. The focus is on the 'how' behind successful reforms of selected public services. This book tries to answer some of these questions. It is based largely on data and informed by interviews with past and current high-ranking government officials who provide insights from within government on the challenges and solutions, the decisions, and the trade-offs considered. This book does not assess Georgia's overall reforms since the rose revolution. It does not address efforts toward democratization, which were a key part of the rose revolution. The book focuses on how the state was able to root out corruption and eliminate red tape in selected public services. It does not analyze areas in which government efforts are still continuing or may have fallen short. Nor does it suggest any causality between anticorruption reforms and growth or social outcomes. From the case studies on each of these efforts...

Reforming Business Registration : A Toolkit for the Practitioners

International Finance Corporation; World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
The private sector, through investment and job creation, plays a crucial role in a country's fight against poverty. Where an effective private sector is lacking, business registration reform has been shown to be one of the essential first steps toward fostering private-sector growth. The easier, faster, and cheaper the business registration process becomes, the higher the number of businesses in an economy. A number of recent studies have found that simpler registration processes translate into advantages for workers and employers, including greater employment opportunities, more productive jobs, and higher total factor productivity. In addition, society as a whole benefits from registration reform. Business registration reform also has the potential to reduce both informality and gender disparity in entrepreneurship. This toolkit provides a systematic analysis of various reform options and is meant to serve as a guide for policy makers and practitioners implementing business registration reform. The toolkit thus displays the fundamentals of international good practice that can be adapted to specific country contexts in a coherent...

Dos registos, em especial o registo comercial: caraterísticas e fragilidades

Câmara, Vítor Márlon Caldeira França
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.27%
Mestrado em Direito das Empresas; A presente dissertação versa os Registos em geral e em especial o Registo comercial em Portugal. Para tanto, divide-se em dois capítulos: I – Dos Registos em geral; II – O Registo comercial. O estudo desenvolvido no primeiro capítulo tem por objeto uma perspetiva global dos Registos, nomeadamente: a origem; noção e função do Registo; a publicidade; o objeto e espécies do Registo em Portugal: o sistema registal português e a organização dos serviços registais em Portugal. Já no segundo capítulo aborda-se, em concreto, as caraterísticas do Registo comercial português, através da análise da sua evolução histórica, da autonomização, objeto e princípios instrutores das reformas a que este foi sujeito na última década, do seu impacto no processo formativo das sociedades comerciais e ainda dos seus efeitos no geral e perante terceiros. A atividade registal tem o fim de dar a conhecer a qualquer interessado a constituição, transmissão, modificação e extinção de situações jurídicas, fomentando a segurança jurídica. O Registo comercial é o instrumento fundamental para a plena validade da constituição das sociedades comerciais, assim como de outras entidades que prossigam uma atividade económica mercantil...

Diagnostic characterization of services providing care to victims of accidents and violence in five Brazilian state capitals

Deslandes,Suely Ferreira; Souza,Edinilsa Ramos de; Minayo,Maria Cecília de Souza; Costa,Cláudia Regina B. Sampaio Fernandes da; Krempel,Márcia; Cavalcanti,Maria de Lourdes; Lima,Maria Luiza Carvalho de; Moysés,Samuel Jorge; Leal,Maria Lúcia; Carmo,Cl
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
This article characterizes the services providing care to victims in five Brazilian regions with high violence and accident rates. It analyzes care activities and strategies, the profile of the teams, the conditions of installations, equipment and supplies, integrated care and registration services and the opinion of health managers with respect to the needs and requirements for a better care to the victims. The sample is composed by 103 services: 34 from Recife, 25 from Rio de Janeiro, 18 from Manaus, 18 from Curitiba and 8 from Brasília. The still preliminary results indicate: lower number of services focusing on the elderly; scarce investment in preventive actions; the principal actions carried out are social assistance, ambulatory and hospital care and psychological assistance; patients received from Basic Health Units require attention of the communities and families; need for investment in capacity building programs for professionals; precarious registries, data handled manually. The wording of the National Policy for Reduction of Morbidity and Mortality from Accidents and Violence is not well-known and there is a lack of articulation among and inside sectors and between prehospital and emergency care services. Rehabilitation services are insufficient in all cities.