Página 1 dos resultados de 17050 itens digitais encontrados em 0.041 segundos

Diet crude protein content and sources for lactating dairy cattle; Quantidades e formas de proteína dietética para vacas em lactação

IMAIZUMI, Hugo; SANTOS, Flávio Augusto Portela; BITTAR, Carla Maris Machado; CORREIA, Paulo Sérgio; MARTINEZ, Júnio César
Fonte: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" Publicador: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
560.13734%
Feeding extra protein as an attempt to increase amino acid flux to the intestine may increase lactational performance of dairy cattle. The objective of this study was to compare lactating dairy cow diets containing 16% crude protein (CP), adequate in rumen degradable protein (RDP) and metabolizable protein (MP) according to NRC (2001), with diets containing 17.5% CP. Forty-two Holstein cows (27 primiparous and 15 multiparous, with 172 days in milk) were used in a 3 ´ 3 Latin Square design with 14 replicates. Control diet consisted of 16% CP, adequate in RDP and MP . Crude protein content of diets was increased to 17.5% by feeding extra soybean meal and cottonseed meal (SBCS17.5) to increase diet MP, or extra urea (U-17.5) to increase diet RDP. The experiment was carried out during 60 days with three periods. Animals were group-fed a total mixed ration and milked twice a day. Dry matter intake was higher for the U-17.5 diet (p < 0.15) than for the control diet. Milk (p < 0.01) and 3.5% fat corrected milk (FCM-3.5%) (p < 0.05) yields were increased by extra soybean and cottonseed meal (SBCS-17.5) but not by extra urea (U-17.5). Milk fat content and yield were not affected by treatments (p > 0.05). Milk protein content decreased (p < 0.01) by feeding extra urea (U-17.5). However...

Efeito do teor de proteína e fonte nitrogenada em dietas com cana-de-açúcar sobre frações protéicas do leite, balanço nitrogenado e parâmetros metabólicos sanguíneos de vacas lactantes; Effect of crude protein content and nitrogen source with sugar cane diets on milk protein fraction, nitrogen balance and metabolic blood parameters of lactating dairy cows

Conti, Luís Henrique Andreucci
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/08/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
556.4267%
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do teor de proteína bruta (PB) e da fonte nitrogenada da dieta para vacas lactantes, utilizando cana-de-açúcar como volumoso sobre a síntese de proteína microbiana, composição da fração nitrogenada do leite, balanço nitrogenado e parâmetros metabólicos sangüíneos. Foram utilizadas 12 vacas Holandesas com média de 235 dias em lactação, agrupadas em três quadrados latinos contemporâneos 4x4, com período experimental de 21 dias, sendo 14 para adaptação as dietas e os 7 últimos para coletas. Os animais foram alimentados com rações isoenergéticas (1,29 Mcal/Kg de MS), com duas fontes nitrogenadas principais (farelo de soja e uréia) e dois teores de PB (14,5 e 16,0 %) na ração: A) 14,21% de PB e farelo de soja (FS) como fonte nitrogenada principal, com 65% de PDR, B) 15,57% de PB e FS, com 65% PDR, C) 14,23% de PB e Ureia, com 70% de PDR, D) 15,62% de PB e Uréia, com 70% PDR. Para a determinação da contagem de células somáticas e de nitrogênio ureico no leite (NUL) foram coletadas amostras de leite do 14º ao 18º dia de cada período. Para a determinação dos teores de proteína bruta, nitrogênio não protéico, nitrogênio não caseinoso, proteína verdadeira...

Morphology and protein content of hepatocytes in type I diabetic rats submitted to physical exercises

Remedio, Rafael N.; Castellar, Alexandre; Barbosa, Rodrigo A.; Gomes, Ricardo J.; Caetano, Flávio Henrique
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 484-491
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
556.39273%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); The importance of physical exercise practice in the treatment of diabetes has been reported in many studies recently, but only limited data can be found regarding its benefits on liver morphology and protein content of hepatocytes. In order to assess the changes arising from the development of type I diabetes and the benefits of a training protocol, Wistar rats were divided into four groups: sedentary control (SC), trained control (TC), sedentary diabetic (SD) and trained diabetic (TD). The training protocol consisted of swimming for 60 min a day, 5 days/week, during 8 weeks. Liver samples were collected, processed and analyzed by histochemical and ultrastructural techniques. Biochemical tests were also conducted to examine the protein content and quantity of DNA in the liver. In morphological assessment, the presence of areas of cytoplasmic basophilia observed in control subjects was not visualized in sedentary diabetics. It was related to differences in the amount of mitochondria in the cytosol. The mitochondrial structure has not undergone relevant changes, and the number of rough endoplasmic reticulum cisterns was clearly inferior in sedentary diabetics, suggesting lower protein production. However...

COMPENSATORY LUNG GROWTH: LUNG PROTEIN,DNA and RNA CONTENTS IN TRILOBECTOMIZED RATS

Ruiz Junior, Raul Lopes; Burini, Roberto Carlos; Cataneo, Antonio José Maria
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
561.61613%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Objetivando analisar o tipo de crescimento compensatório dos pulmões após trilobectomia no rato, foram analisados três momentos ( sete, trinta e cento e oitenta dias) após o tratamento em três grupos de animais (controle, toracotomia e trilobectomia). Foram estudados os seguintes atributos: conteúdo protéico, conteúdo de DNA e conteúdo de RNA em cada um dos pulmões.O crescimento compensatório no pulmão esquerdo, quando analisamos o seu conteúdo protéico, cessou aos trinta dias, enquanto que, no lobo cranial, continuou ocorrendo até os cento e oitenta dias. O conteúdo pulmonar de DNA nos animais trilobectomizados manteve-se sempre abaixo dos outros grupos estudados, mostrando que o crescimento compensatório não ocorreu às custas de hiperplasia. O conteúdo pulmonar de RNA nos animais trilobectomizados apresentou um incremento muito próximo ao ocorrido com o conteúdo protéico pulmonar, mostrando que as células do tecido pulmonar devem ter aumentado seu volume, uma vez que não houve acréscimo significativo de seu número, como indicou a análise do conteúdo pulmonar de DNA. Portanto, pudemos concluir que, em nossas condições experimentais, no animal adulto...

Protein content of leaf-cutting ant queens before the nuptial flight and during the post-claustral phase

Silva, Edypo Jacob; Camargo, Roberto Da Silva; Forti, Luiz Carlos; Travaglini, Raphael Vacchi
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 333-336
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
662.1319%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Protein content of leaf-cutting ant queens before the nuptial flight and during the post-claustral phase. This study evaluated the crude protein content of queens of Atta sexdens before the nuptial flight and after the claustral phase in laboratory and field colonies. The hypothesis was that protein is used for survival of the queen and for early colony growth during the claustral phase. Additionally, the nest morphology, live biomass and adult population of field colonies were evaluated. Crude protein was determined by digestion of the organic material with sulfuric acid at high temperatures. The mean crude protein content was 123.23 ± 11.20 mg for females before the nuptial flight and 70.44 ± 12.21 mg for laboratory-reared queens after the claustral phase. The post-claustral crude protein content of field-collected queen was 55.90 ± 9.18 mg. With respect to the loss of crude protein as a function of duration of the claustral phase, laboratory-reared queens lost 52.79 mg and field-collected queens lost 67.33 mg compared to females before the nuptial flight. A positive linear correlation was observed between the weight of field-collected queens (256.4 ± 36.3 mg) and colony biomass (13.02 ± 9.12 g)...

Protein content of leaf-cutting ant queens before the nuptial flight and during the post-claustral phase

Silva,Edypo Jacob; Camargo,Roberto da Silva; Forti,Luiz Carlos; Travaglini,Raphael Vacchi
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
662.1319%
Protein content of leaf-cutting ant queens before the nuptial flight and during the post-claustral phase. This study evaluated the crude protein content of queens of Atta sexdens before the nuptial flight and after the claustral phase in laboratory and field colonies. The hypothesis was that protein is used for survival of the queen and for early colony growth during the claustral phase. Additionally, the nest morphology, live biomass and adult population of field colonies were evaluated. Crude protein was determined by digestion of the organic material with sulfuric acid at high temperatures. The mean crude protein content was 123.23 ± 11.20 mg for females before the nuptial flight and 70.44 ± 12.21 mg for laboratory-reared queens after the claustral phase. The post-claustral crude protein content of field-collected queen was 55.90 ± 9.18 mg. With respect to the loss of crude protein as a function of duration of the claustral phase, laboratory-reared queens lost 52.79 mg and field-collected queens lost 67.33 mg compared to females before the nuptial flight. A positive linear correlation was observed between the weight of field-collected queens (256.4 ± 36.3 mg) and colony biomass (13.02 ± 9.12 g), but there was no correlation between biomass and nest depth (13.11 ± 3.82 cm). As expected...

Grain yield and seed quality of soybean selected for high protein content

Mello Filho,Odilon Lemos de; Sediyama,Carlos Sigueyuki; Moreira,Maurílio Alves; Reis,Múcio Silva; Massoni,Guilherme Augusto; Piovesan,Newton Denis
Fonte: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira Publicador: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
658.5481%
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of selection for high protein on seed physiological quality and grain yield of soybean. Four populations of BC1F4 and four of F4, each from a cross between a commercial variety and a line bearing high protein seeds, were used. The high protein content selection has a tendency to affect negatively the seed physiological quality. Estimates of correlation coefficients between protein content and grain yield were mostly negative but varied among populations. It is possible to obtain lines with high protein content, keeping the grain yield and the seed physiological quality of their respective recurrent progenitors.

Subunit composition of seed storage proteins in high-protein soybean genotypes

Taski-Ajdukovic,Ksenija; Djordjevic,Vuk; Vidic,Milos; Vujakovic,Milka
Fonte: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira Publicador: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
557.79812%
The objective of this work was to quantify the accumulation of the major seed storage protein subunits, β-conglycinin and glycinin, and how they influence yield and protein and oil contents in high-protein soybean genotypes. The relative accumulation of subunits was calculated by scanning SDS-PAGE gels using densitometry. The protein content of the tested genotypes was higher than control cultivar in the same maturity group. Several genotypes with improved protein content and with unchanged yield or oil content were developed as a result of new breeding initiatives. This research confirmed that high-protein cultivars accumulate higher amounts of glycinin and β-conglycinin. Genotypes KO5427, KO5428, and KO5429, which accumulated lower quantities of all subunits of glycinin and β-conglycinin, were the only exceptions. Attention should be given to genotypes KO5314 and KO5317, which accumulated significantly higher amounts of both subunits of glycinin, and to genotypes KO5425, KO5319, KO539 and KO536, which accumulated significantly higher amounts of β-conglycinin subunits. These findings suggest that some of the tested genotypes could be beneficial in different breeding programs aimed at the production of agronomically viable plants...

COMPENSATORY LUNG GROWTH: LUNG PROTEIN,DNA AND RNA CONTENTS IN TRILOBECTOMIZED RATS

Ruiz Junior,Raul Lopes; Burini,Roberto Carlos; Cataneo,Antonio José Maria
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
561.61613%
Aiming at assessing compensatory lung growth after trilobectomy in rats, 3 groups of animals (control, thoracotomy and trilobectomy) were studied over 3 time intervals (7, 30 and 180 days post-operation). Protein, DNA and RNA contents in each lung were evaluated. The study of the left lung protein content reveals that compensatory growth ceased by day 30, whereas it continued to occur in the cranial lobe as long as 180 days post-operation. The lung DNA content in trilobectomized animals remained smaller than in the animals of the other groups demonstrating that compensatory growth was not brought about by hyperplasia. The lung RNA content in trilobectomized animals increased similarly to the lung protein content, demonstrating that the cells of the lung tissue must have had an increase in volume as no significant increase in their number occurred, as shown by the analysis of the lung DNA content. Therefore, it may be concluded that, in our experiment with adult animals, compensatory lung growth after trilobectomy in rats occurred due to an increase in the lung protein content and RNA content, suggesting a cellular volume increase (hypertrophy) and a probable increase in the intralveolar septs rather than an important cell multiplication

Diet crude protein content and sources for lactating dairy cattle

Imaizumi,Hugo; Santos,Flávio Augusto Portela; Bittar,Carla Maris Machado; Correia,Paulo Sérgio; Martinez,Júnio César
Fonte: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" Publicador: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
560.13734%
Feeding extra protein as an attempt to increase amino acid flux to the intestine may increase lactational performance of dairy cattle. The objective of this study was to compare lactating dairy cow diets containing 16% crude protein (CP), adequate in rumen degradable protein (RDP) and metabolizable protein (MP) according to NRC (2001), with diets containing 17.5% CP. Forty-two Holstein cows (27 primiparous and 15 multiparous, with 172 days in milk) were used in a 3 ´ 3 Latin Square design with 14 replicates. Control diet consisted of 16% CP, adequate in RDP and MP . Crude protein content of diets was increased to 17.5% by feeding extra soybean meal and cottonseed meal (SBCS17.5) to increase diet MP, or extra urea (U-17.5) to increase diet RDP. The experiment was carried out during 60 days with three periods. Animals were group-fed a total mixed ration and milked twice a day. Dry matter intake was higher for the U-17.5 diet (p < 0.15) than for the control diet. Milk (p < 0.01) and 3.5% fat corrected milk (FCM-3.5%) (p < 0.05) yields were increased by extra soybean and cottonseed meal (SBCS-17.5) but not by extra urea (U-17.5). Milk fat content and yield were not affected by treatments (p > 0.05). Milk protein content decreased (p < 0.01) by feeding extra urea (U-17.5). However...

Histological aspects and protein content of Apis mellifera L. Worker venom glands: the effect of electrical shocks in summer and winter

ABREU,R.M.M.; MORAES,R.L.M. SILVA de; MALASPINA,O.
Fonte: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP Publicador: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
656.3927%
This paper analyzes the summer and winter total protein content of 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, and 40-day old Apis mellifera L. worker venom glands before (control) and 24 and 96 hours after applying electrical shocks for venom extraction (experimental). During venom extraction, 7-day old workers responded more slowly and weakly to electrical shocks. This response intensifies with age, so that the workers approaching 20 days old respond faster and more aggressively to the shocks. Statistical analysis, using the non-parametric Wilcoxon and Kruskall-Wallis tests and complemented by the Jonckheere test, showed that the protein content varied from one age to another in the experimental group, which was well distinguishable from the values in the control Group in summer and winter. Summer values at all ages were always higher than those detected in winter in both groups. This variation seems to indicate the occurrence of more than one winter glandular development cycle. Histological studies showed secretion in the lumen of the control Group secretory tubes and reservoirs. The experimental group only showed vestigial secretion in the collapsed reservoirs at all ages, except at 7 days. These workers, which reacted less efficiently to electrical shocks...

Relationships among oil content, protein content and seed size in soybeans

Marega Filho,Mario; Destro,Deonisio; Miranda,Lilian Azevedo; Spinosa,Wilma Aparecida; Carrão-Panizzi,Mercedes Concórdia; Montalván,Ricardo
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
662.5777%
During 1995/96 and 1996/97, experiments were carried out at Londrina State University, aiming at quantifying the oil and protein contents in two groups of soybean genotypes; estimating the phenotypic, genotypic and environmental correlations existent among oil, protein content and seed size, and identifying genotypes for direct human consumption with high protein content. The evaluated characters were Weight of a Hundred Seeds (WHS), expressed in grams/100 seeds, Oil Content (OC) and Protein Content (PC), expressed in %. In the experiment carried out in the field, OC ranged from 12 to 20.37 % and PC from 35.66 to 41.75% while in the experiment carried out in the greenhouse OC ranged from 12.26 to 21.79 % and PC from 32.95 to 41.56 % . The correlations between oil and protein were negative and significant. The relationship among WHS with OC and PC was low and higly affected by the time effect. Due to their high protein content and stability to oil and protein contents, there were distinction among the treatments carried out in the field (GA23 and GA20), and those carried out in the greenhouse (PI408251, Waseda, B6F4 (L-3 less), PI423909 and Tambagura).

Effect of harvest period on the quality of storage roots and protein content of the leaves in five cassava cultivars (Manihot esculenta, Crantz)

Sagrilo,Edvaldo; Vidigal Filho,Pedro Soares; Pequeno,Manoel Genildo; Scapim,Carlos Alberto; Vidigal,Maria Celeste Gonçalves; Diniz,Sérgio Paulo Severo de Souza; Modesto,Elisa Cristina; Kvitschal,Marcus Vinícius
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
557.21895%
The effect of harvest period on the quality of storage roots and leaves of cassava cultivars was determined in an experiment carried out in a randomized complete block design with four replications in a split plot scheme, with five cultivars in the plots and ten harvest times in the subplots. The IAC 13 cultivar had the highest rate of dry matter accumulation in the storage roots and the Mico cultivar the lowest. The period of least dry matter content in the storage roots occurred later for the Fécula Branca, Mico and IAC 14 cultivars, and the minimum starch content in the storage roots occurred later for the Fécula Branca and Mico cultivars. In general, the IAC 13, IAC 14 and Fécula Branca cultivars had higher dry matter content in the storage roots, while higher starch content in the dry and fresh matter were obtained in the Fécula Branca cultivar. The crude protein content in the leaves decreased as the plant aged.

Subunit composition of seed storage proteins in high-protein soybean genotypes.

TASKI-AJDUKOVIC, K.; DJORDJEVIC, V.; VIDIC, M.; VUJAKOVIC, M.
Fonte: Pesquisa Agropecuaria brasileira., Brasília, v.45, n.7, p.721-729, jul. 2010 Publicador: Pesquisa Agropecuaria brasileira., Brasília, v.45, n.7, p.721-729, jul. 2010
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
557.79812%
Abstract ? The objective of this work was to quantify the accumulation of the major seed storage protein subunits, â-conglycinin and glycinin, and how they influence yield and protein and oil contents in high-protein soybean genotypes. The relative accumulation of subunits was calculated by scanning SDS-PAGE gels using densitometry. The protein content of the tested genotypes was higher than control cultivar in the same maturity group. Several genotypes with improved protein content and with unchanged yield or oil content were developed as a result of new breeding initiatives. This research confirmed that high-protein cultivars accumulate higher amounts of glycinin and â-conglycinin. Genotypes KO5427, KO5428, and KO5429, which accumulated lower quantities of all subunits of glycinin and â-conglycinin, were the only exceptions. Attention should be given to genotypes KO5314 and KO5317, which accumulated significantly higher amounts of both subunits of glycinin, and to genotypes KO5425, KO5319, KO539 and KO536, which accumulated significantly higher amounts of â-conglycinin subunits. These findings suggest that some of the tested genotypes could be beneficial in different breeding programs aimed at the production of agronomically viable plants...

Grain yield and seed quality of soybean selected for high protein content.

MELLO FILHO, O.L. de; SEDIYAMA, C.S.; MOREIRA, M.A.; REIS, M.S.; MASSONI, G.A.; PIOVESAN, N.D.
Fonte: Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, Brasília, DF, v. 39, n. 5, p. 445-450, maio 2004. Publicador: Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, Brasília, DF, v. 39, n. 5, p. 445-450, maio 2004.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
658.5481%
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of selection for high protein on seed physiological quality and grain yield of soybean. Four populations of BC1F4 and four of F4, each from a cross between a commercial variety and a line bearing high protein seeds, were used. The high protein content selection has a tendency to affect negatively the seed physiological quality. Estimates of correlation coefficients between protein content and grain yield were mostly negative but varied among populations. It is possible to obtain lines with high protein content, keeping the grain yield and the seed physiological quality of their respective recurrent progenitors.; 2004

Mapeamento de QTLs para teor de proteína em feijoeirocomum (Phaseolus vulgaris L.); Mapping QTLs for protein content in common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

LEÃO, Ariane Castro Mendes
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Biologia; Ciências Biolóicas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Biologia; Ciências Biolóicas
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
560.13992%
The common bean besides being one of the basic meals of brazilian´s population, it is one of the main products that provide protein in the nutritional diet from the society share which is economically less favorable. The identification of molecular markers linked to controlling genes of the protein content in common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is a very important tool to help breeding programs, raising the efficiency and agility. This way, this work was made with two main goals: a) to map SSR and RAPD markers linked to loci (QTLs) that control protein content in two generations of a segregating population of common beans and b) to compare detection procedures of markers linked to QTLs using the ANOVA method and the process of interval mapping. For that reason, 94 families were taken from the F2 generation and 90 families from the F2:3 generation derived from the cross of genitors CNFC 7812 e CNFC 8056. Results indicated that there is the possibility of identifying molecular markers related to protein content in common beans, utilizing both detection procedures. The ANOVA method identified a greater number of QTLslinked markers than the process of interval mapping in both generations. There was coincidence between the identified loci obtained with the two methods for each generation. Loci that were associated with protein content were different for the F2 and F2:3 generations. However...

Wheat flour protein content and water absorption analysis in a doubled haploid population

Ma, W.; Sutherland, M.; Kammholz, S.; Banks, P.; Brennan, P.; Bovill, W.; Daggard, G.
Fonte: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd Publicador: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
660.54266%
A wheat×maize induced doubled haploid population that segregates at the Awned locus for awned and awnless phenotypes were studied at two field sites using a genetic linkage map. Interval QTL analysis indicated that significant QTLs for wheat flour water absorption and protein content were located on a linkage group associated with the morphological marker, awns. The QTL peak for flour water absorption was located at the Awned locus (B1, 5AL), whilst the QTL peak for protein content was located nearby, 10.1 cm away from the Awned locus. The locations of those QTL were confirmed by analysing data from two independent field trials conducted under different environment conditions. The QTL identified for water absorption controlled 12% and 11% of the observed variance at the two field trials, whilst for flour protein content the QTL explained 7% and 19% of the variance respectively. Variance component analysis indicated that the QTL for water absorption controlled approximately 14.8–25.0% and 13.6–23% of the genetic variance at the two sites studied (Roma and Jimbour) whilst the QTL for protein content explained between 12.8% and 30.4% of the genetic variance at Roma and 34.7–82.6% at Jimbour. Cross-site analysis with composite interval mapping approach resulted in significant LOD values of 6.12 and 9.94 for water absorption and protein content...

Quantidades e formas de proteína dietética para vacas em lactação; Diet crude protein content and sources for lactating dairy cattle

Imaizumi, Hugo; Santos, Flávio Augusto Portela; Bittar, Carla Maris Machado; Correia, Paulo Sérgio; Martinez, Júnio César
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
560.13734%
O fornecimento de dietas com maior teor de proteína para aumentar o fluxo de aminoácidos para o intestino pode aumentar o desempenho lactacional. Compararam-se dietas para vacas em lactação contendo 16% de proteína bruta (PB), adequada em proteína degradável no rúmen (PDR) e proteína metabolizável (PM) (NRC, 2001) com dietas com maiores teores de PB (17,5%) . Quarenta e duas vacas (27 primíparas e 15 multíparas, com 172 dias em lactação) foram utilizadas em um delineamento do tipo Quadrado Latino 3 ´ 3, com 14 repetições. A dieta controle continha 16% de PB e era adequada em PDR e PM de acordo com o NRC (2001). O teor de PB das dietas foi aumentado para 17,5% através do aumento no fornecimento de farelo de soja e de algodão (SBCS-17,5) para aumentar a PM, ou uréia (U-17,5) para aumentar a PDR. O experimento teve duração de 60 dias com três subperíodos. Os animais foram alimentados em grupo com ração completa e ordenhados duas vezes ao dia. O consumo de matéria seca foi maior para a dieta U-17,5 (p < 0,15) do que para a dieta controle. A produção de leite (p < 0,01) e de leite corrigido para gordura 3,5% (LCG-3,5%) (p < 0,05) foram aumentadas com o maior fornecimento de farelo de soja e de algodão (SBCS-17...

Effect of dietary protein content on growth, uniformity and mortality of two commercial broiler strains

Berhe,E.T.; Gous,R.M.
Fonte: South African Journal of Animal Science Publicador: South African Journal of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
559.00414%
Two experiments were conducted to determine the response in performance, including uniformity and mortality, of two broiler strains to dietary protein content. In Experiment 1, 480 Cobb 500 and 480 Ross 788 day-old sexed broiler chickens were housed in cages to 21 d with 10 chickens per cage, and in Experiment 2, lasting 42 d, 1680 sexed broiler chickens of each of these two strains were placed in 48 floor pens with 70 chickens per pen. Males and females were reared separately in both experiments. Six levels of dietary protein were fed for 21 d in both experiments, the composition changing for the period 22 to 42 d in Experiment 2. Body weight of each bird was measured at weekly intervals up to 21 d in Experiment 1, and of 20 randomly selected birds from each pen on days 1, 21 and 42 in the second experiment. Broilers in the latter trial were group-weighed by pen at weekly intervals. Mortality was monitored daily. The highest body weight gains and feed conversion efficiencies (FCE, g gain/ kg food) were recorded in Cobb, with a correspondingly higher food intake for the starter feed in both experiments. In the finisher period Ross birds consumed significantly more than Cobb broilers (9 g/d) but in this case there was no difference in growth rate between the two strains...

The performance of broilers on a feed depends on the feed protein content given previously

Gous,R.M.; Emmans,G.C.; Fisher,C.
Fonte: South African Journal of Animal Science Publicador: South African Journal of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
660.13734%
It has been proposed that all animals have an inherent relationship between body protein and lipid that can be described allometrically, and the hypothesis tested in the research reported here is that the animal will at all times attempt to retain this relationship. The test was accomplished by feeding broilers, of three genotypes and in two experiments, in such a way as to produce lean and fat birds that were then subjected to a range of dietary protein levels in a second feeding period, during which their performance was measured. Birds were initially offered one of two feeds with widely different protein to energy ratios until they reached a pre-defined liveweight, after which they were given one of two feed protein contents in Experiment 1 and four in Experiment 2. Their performance was monitored until a second pre-defined liveweight was reached, at which time they were killed for carcass analysis. The genotype selected to be lean, in Experiment 1, showed no response to protein level in the second period, whether they were fat or lean at the start. Conversely, the genetically fat birds showed some additional growth in males and additional efficiency in the females. Averaged across genotypes and sexes, birds initially in the fat state gained only 6.9 g lipid/d versus 13.5 g lipid/d for the nutritionally lean broilers. In Experiment 2...