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Enantioselective analysis of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine in plasma samples by protein precipitation and liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection

BUENO, Jordana S; SILVA, Bruno J.G; QUEIROZ, Maria Eugênia C
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.019927%
In this study, the enantioselective analysis of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine in plasma samples was performed by the protein precipitation method and high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (PP/LC-FD). Different precipitating agents - organic solvents, acids, and salts - in several proportions were available. The Bradford colorimetric method employed for evaluation of the efficiency of protein precipitation, has shown that for the sake of simplicity and percentage of protein precipitation (99.7%), acetonitrile was most effective when added at a ratio of 3:1 (acetonitrile/plasma, v/v). The quantification limit of the PP/LC-FD method was 30 ng mL-1 for the four enantiomers. The response of the proposed method was linear over a dynamic range from LOQ to 1000 ng mL-1, with correlation coefficients higher than 0.9973. In conclusion, the PP/LC-FD method can be successfully used to analyze plasma samples from ageing patients undergoing therapy with fluoxetine.; Neste trabalho, o método de precipitação de proteínas e cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência com detecção de fluorescência (PP/CLAE-fluorescência) foi desenvolvido para a análise enantioseletiva da fluoxetina e norfluoxetina em amostras de plasmas. Diferentes agentes precipitantes...

Liquid-phase microextraction combined with high-performance liquid chromatography for the enantioselective analysis of mefloquine in plasma samples

MAGALHAES, Igor Rafael dos Santos; BONATO, Pierina Sueli
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.83335%
A simple and rapid method, which involves liquid-phase microextraction (LPME) followed by HPLC analysis using Chiralpak AD column and UV detection, was developed for the enantioselective determination of mefloquine in plasma samples. Several factors that influence the efficiency of three-phase LPME were investigated and optimized. Under the optimal extraction conditions, the mean recoveries were 33.2 and 35.0% for (-)-(SR-)-mefloquine and (+)-(RS)-mefloquine, respectively. The method was linear over 50-1500 ng/ml range. Within-day and between-day assay precision and accuracy were below 15% for both enantiomers at concentrations of 150, 600 and 1200 ng/ml. Furthermore, no racemization or degradation were seen with the method described. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

LC-MS-MS Identification and Determination of the Flavone-C-Glucoside Vicenin-2 in Rat Plasma Samples Following Intraperitoneal Administration of Lychnophora Extract

JABOR, Valquiria A. Polisel; SOARES, Denis Melo; DINIZ, Andrea; SOUZA, Gloria Emilia Petto de; LOPES, Norberto Peporine
Fonte: NATURAL PRODUCTS INC Publicador: NATURAL PRODUCTS INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.95673%
The flavone C-glucoside, vicenin-2, in semi-purified extracts of the leaves of Lychnophora ericoides was quantified in rat plasma samples using a method based on reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Vicenin-2 was analyzed on a LiChrospher (R) RP18 column using an isocratic mobile phase consisting of a mixture of methanol: water (30:70, v/v) plus 2.0% glacial acetic acid at a flow rate of 0.8 mL min(-1). Genistein was used as internal standard. The mass spectrometer was operated in positive ionization mode and analytes were quantified by multiple reaction monitoring at m/z 595 > 457 for vicenin-2 and m/z 271 > 153 for internal standard. Prior to the analysis, each rat plasma sample was acidified with 200 mu L of 50 mmol L(-1) acetic acid solution and extracted by solid-phase extraction using a C18 cartridge. The absolute recoveries were reproducible and the coefficients of variation values were lower than 5.2%. The method was linear over the 12.5 - 1500 ng mL(-1) concentration range and the quantification limit was 12.5 ng mL(-1). Within-day and between-day assay precision and accuracy were studied at three concentration levels (40, 400 and 800 ng mL(-1)) and were lower than 15%. The developed and validated method seems to be suitable for analysis of vicenin-2 in plasma samples obtained from rats that receive a single i.p. dose of 200 mg kg(-1) vicenin-2 extract.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao Araucaria; CAPES (Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior); CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico); INCT-if

In-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled to liquid chromatography (in-tube SPME/LC) analysis of nontricyclic antidepressants in human plasma

SILVA, Bruno Jose Goncalves; LANCAS, Fernando Mauro; QUEIROZ, Maria Eugenia Costa
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.060186%
A sensitive, selective, and reproducible in-tube solid-phase microextraction and liquid chromatographic (in-tube SPME/LC-UV) method for simultaneous determination of mirrazapine, citalopram, paroxetine, duloxetine, fluoxetine, and sertraline in human plasma was developed, validated and further applied to the analysis of plasma samples from elderly patients undergoing therapy with antidepressants. Important factors in the optimization of in-tube SPME efficiency are discussed, including the sample draw/eject volume, draw/eject cycle number, draw/eject flow-rate, sample pH, and influence of plasma proteins. The quantification limits of the in-tube SPME/LC method varied between 20 and 50 ng/mL, with a coefficient of variation lower than 10%. The response of the in-tube SPME/LC method for most of the drugs was linear over a dynamic range from 50 to 500 ng/mL, with correlation coefficients higher than 0.9985. The in-tube SPME/LC can be successfully used to analyze plasma samples from ageing patients undergoing therapy with nontricyclic antidepressants. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Microextraction in packed sorbent for analysis of antidepressants in human plasma by liquid chromatography and spectrophotometric detection

CHAVES, Andrea R.; LEANDRO, Fernanda Z.; CARRIS, Juciene A.; QUEIROZ, Maria Eugenia C.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.02008%
A sensitive and reproducible method by microextraction packed sorbent and liquid chromatography with UV detection (MEPS/LC-UV) is described for the determination of new generation antidepressants (sertraline, mirtazapine, fluoxetine, citalopram and paroxetine) in human plasma samples. The MEPS variables, such as sample volume, pH, number of extraction cycles (draw-eject), and desorption conditions (solvent and solvent volume of elution) influenced the MEPS/LC efficiency significantly. Important factors in the optimization of MEPS efficiency, as well as washing steps and carryover effect are discussed. The analyses were carried out using small sample volumes (400 mu L.), and in a short time period (3 min for the entire sample preparation step). The MEPS/LC-UV method was shown to be linear at concentrations ranging from the limit of quantification (LOQ) to 1000 ng mL(-1). The LOQ values ranged from 10 to 25 ng mL(-1). The inter-day precision of the method presented coefficient of the variation ranging from 1.3% to 8.7%. On the basis of analytical validation, it is shown that the MEPS/LC-UV methodology is adequate for antidepressant analysis, from therapeutic to toxic levels. In order to evaluate the proposed method for clinical use, the MEPS/LC-UV method was applied to analysis of plasma samples from elderly depressed patients. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)

Automated determination of rifampicin in plasma samples by in-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled with liquid chromatography

MELO, L. P.; QUEIROZ, R. H. C.; QUEIROZ, M. E. C.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.906904%
A sensitive and automated method is described for determination of rifampicin in plasma samples for therapeutic drug monitoring by in-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled with liquid chromatography (in-tube SPME/LC). Important factors in the optimization of in-tube SPME are discussed, such as coating type, sample pH, sample draw/eject volume, number of draw/eject cycles, and draw/eject flow rate. Analyte pre-concentrated in the polyethylene glycol phase was directly transferred to the liquid chromatographic column by percolation of the mobile phase, without carryover. The method was linear over the 0.1-100 mu g/mL range, with a linear coefficient value (r(2)) of 0.998. The inter-assay precision presented coefficient of variation <= 1.7%. The effectiveness and practicability of the proposed method are proven by analysis of plasma samples from ageing patients undergoing therapy with rifampicin. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)

Should we measure serum or plasma lead concentrations?

REZENDE, Vania B.; AMARAL, Jefferson H.; GERLACH, Raquel F.; BARBOSA JR., Fernando; TANUS-SANTOS, Jose E.
Fonte: ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG Publicador: ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.26286%
Project: Serum samples may not be appropriate to assess lead (Pb) concentrations because they may contain artificially higher Pb concentrations compared with those measured in plasma samples. Here, we compared Pb concentrations in serum versus heparin plasma separated from blood collected with or without vacuum. We have also examined the effects of sample standing time on Pb concentrations measured in serum, heparin plasma, and EDTA plasma. Procedure: We studied plasma and serum samples from twelve healthy subjects. Blood samples were collected via venous drainage phlebotomy with and without vacuum into trace metal free tubes containing no anticoagulants (serum), or lithium heparin, or EDTA (to obtain plasma). Variable sample standing times (0, 5, and 30 min) prior to centrifugation were allowed. Plasma and serum Pb and iron concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Plasma and serum cell-free hemoglobin concentrations were measured. Results: Pb concentrations in serum and in heparin plasma from blood samples collected with or without vacuum were similar and not associated with significant changes in iron or hemoglobin concentrations. The sample standing time (up to 30 min) did not affect Pb concentrations in serum or in heparin plasma...

Biocompatible in-tube solid phase microextraction coupled with liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection for determination of interferon alpha in plasma samples

CHAVES, Andrea R.; SILVA, Bruno J. G.; LANCAS, Fernando M.; QUEIROZ, Maria Eugenia C.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.95673%
The present work demonstrates the successful application of automated biocompatible in-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled with liquid chromatography (in-tube SPME/LC) for determination of interferon alpha(2a) (IFN alpha(2a)) in plasma samples for therapeutic drug monitoring. A restricted access material (RAM, protein-coated silica) was employed for preparation of a lab-made biocompatible in-tube SPME capillary that enables the direct injection of biological fluids as well as the simultaneous exclusion of macromolecules by chemical diffusion barrier and drug pre-concentration. The in-tube SPME variables, such as sample volume, draw/eject volume, number of draw-eject cycles, and desorption mode were optimized, to improve the sensitivity of the proposed method. The IFN alpha(2a) analyses in plasma sample were carried out within 25 min (sample preparation and LC analyses). The response of the proposed method was linear over a dynamic range, from 0.06 to 3.0 MIU mL(-1), with correlation coefficient equal to 0.998. The interday precision of the method presented coefficient of variation lower than 8%. The proposed automated method has adequate analytical sensitivity and selectivity for determination of IFN alpha(2a) in plasma samples for therapeutic drug monitoring. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Polydimethylsiloxane/polypyrrole stir bar sorptive extraction and liquid chromatography (SBSE/LC-UV) analysis of antidepressants in plasma samples

MELO, L. R.; NOGUEIRA, A. M.; LANCAS, F. M.; QUEIROZ, M. E. C.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.906904%
A new polymeric coating consisting of a dual-phase, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and polypyrrole (PPY) was developed for the stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) of antidepressants (mirtazapine, citalopram, paroxetine, duloxetine, fluoxetine and sertraline) from plasma samples, followed by liquid chromatography analysis (SBSE/LC-UV). The extractions were based on both adsorption (PPY) and sorption (PDMS) mechanisms. SBSE variables, such as extraction time, temperature, pH of the matrix, and desorption time were optimized, in order to achieve suitable analytical sensitivity in a short time period. The PDMS/PPY coated stir bar showed high extraction efficiency (sensitivity and selectivity) toward the target analytes. The quantification limits (LOQ) of the SBSE/LC-UV method ranged from 20 ng mL(-1) to 50 ng mL(-1), and the linear range was from LOQ to 500 ng mL(-1), with a determination coefficient higher than 0.99. The inter-day precision of the SBSE/LC-UV method presented a variation coefficient lower than 15%. The efficiency of the SBSE/LC-UV method was proved by analysis of plasma samples from elderly depressed patients. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)

Detection of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 in plasma samples

Cabral, Fabio; Arruda, Lia Barbara; de Araujo, Marilia Ladeira; Montanheiro, Patricia; Smid, Jerusa; Penalva de Oliveira, Augusto Cesar; Duarte, Alberto J. S.; Casseb, Jorge Simão do Rosário
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.10869%
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is-an RNA virus responsible for diseases such as HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). Cell-to-cell contact and Tax-induced clonal expansion of infected cells are the main modes of virus replication, making virus detection during the viremic stage difficult. Consequently, the proviral load is the current virologic marker for disease monitoring, but the mechanisms of progression have not been established yet. Thus, this study investigated the presence of virus in plasma from asymptomatic HTLV-1 carriers and from HAM/TSP patients. Real-time PCR was performed on DNA from 150 plasma samples; 12(8%) had detectable DNA amplification, including 6(4%) asymptomatic HTLV-1 carriers and 14(26%) HAM/TSP patients (p < 0.005). Of the 33 samples submitted for nested PCR, six (18%, p = 0.02) were positive for HTLV-1 RNA in the plasma. Additionally, 26 plasma samples were treated with DNAse enzyme to eliminate any DNA contamination before RNA extraction. Two of them (8%) showed amplification for HTLV-1 (p = 0.5). Therefore, this study described for the first time the detection of free HTLV-1 RNA in plasma from HTLV-1-infected subjects...

Automated analysis of lidocaine and its metabolite in plasma by in-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled with LC-UV for pharmacokinetic study

Caris, Juciene Aparecida; Goncalves Silva, Bruno Jose; Dantas Moises, Elaine Christine; Lanchote, Vera Lucia; Costa Queiroz, Maria Eugenia
Fonte: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH; WEINHEIM Publicador: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH; WEINHEIM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.95673%
A sensitive, selective, and reproducible in-tube solid-phase microextraction and liquid chromatographic (in-tube SPME/LC-UV) method for determination of lidocaine and its metabolite monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX) in human plasma has been developed, validated, and further applied to pharmacokinetic study in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) subjected to epidural anesthesia. Important factors in the optimization of in-tube SPME performance are discussed, including the draw/eject sample volume, draw/eject cycle number, draw/eject flow rate, sample pH, and influence of plasma proteins. The limits of quantification of the in-tube SPME/LC method were 50 ng/mL for both metabolite and lidocaine. The interday and intraday precision had coefficients of variation lower than 8%, and accuracy ranged from 95 to 117%. The response of the in-tube SPME/LC method for analytes was linear over a dynamic range from 50 to 5000 ng/mL, with correlation coefficients higher than 0.9976. The developed in-tube SPME/LC method was successfully used to analyze lidocaine and its metabolite in plasma samples from pregnant women with GDM subjected to epidural anesthesia for pharmacokinetic study.

Padronização e validação do método extração sortiva em barra de agitação e cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (SBSE/HPLC) para a determinação de antidepressivos em amostras de plasma; Standardization and validation of the stir-bar sorptive-extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography (SBSE/HPLC) method for antidepressant determination in plasma samples

Silva, Silvana Maciel
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/04/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.10869%
A monitorização terapêutica permite a individualização do regime de dosagem, assegurando a eficácia clínica e minimizando os efeitos adversos dos fármacos, prescritos na clínica. Os antidepressivos têm sido monitorados, pois, apresentam intervalos terapêuticos bem estabelecidos, ou seja, a maioria dos pacientes, que apresentam concentrações plasmáticas dentro deste intervalo fixo, tem as desordens psiquiátricas mantidas sob controle e efeitos adversos aceitáveis. Os antidepressivos tricíclicos (ADTs): imipramina, amitriptilina, nortriptilina e desipramina, embora eficazes e ainda muito utilizados, apresentam efeitos adversos, não desejáveis. Os antidepressivos, inibidores seletivos da recaptação de serotonina (ISRSs): citalopram e sertralina, apresentam eficácia clínica comparável aos clássicos ADTs, mas destituídos dos efeitos adversos associados aos mesmos. Os métodos convencionais, empregados no tratamento de amostras biológicas, para análises de antidepressivos por técnicas cromatográficas, têm sido a extração líquido-líquido e extração em fase sólida. A extração sortiva em barra de agitação (SBSE), técnica recente de preparo de amostras para a préconcentração de compostos orgânicos presentes em amostras biológicas...

Desenvolvimento da fase extratora SPME de poli(pirrol) e avaliação das técnicas SPME/LC e SBSE/LC para análises de antidepressivos em amostras de plasma; Developmento of polypyrrole SPME extraction phase and evaluation of the SPME/LC and SBSE/LC techniques to antidepressants plasma samples analyses

Chaves, Andréa Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/06/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.105894%
A depressão em idosos é uma desordem persistente e recorrente, resultado do stress psicossocial ou efeito de doenças fisiológicas, que podem acarretar a desabilidade do indivíduo, aumento dos sintomas das doenças clínicas, na maior utilização dos serviços de saúde e altas taxas de suicídios.A monitorização terapêutica permite a ndividualização do regime de dosagem, assegurando a eficácia clínica e minimizando os efeitos adversos dos fármacos, prescritos na clínica. Os antidepressivos têm sido monitorados, pois, apresentam intervalos terapêuticos bem estabelecidos, ou seja, a maioria dos pacientes, que apresentam concentrações plasmáticas dentro deste intervalo fixo, tem as desordens psiquiátricas mantidas sob controle e efeitos adversos aceitáveis. Os antidepressivos tricíclicos (ADTs): imipramina, amitriptilina, nortriptilina e desipramina, embora eficazes e ainda muito utilizados, apresentam efeitos adversos, não desejáveis. Os antidepressivos, inibidores seletivos da recaptação de serotonina (SSRIs): citalopram, fluoxetina, paroxetina e sertralina, apresentam eficácia clínica comparável aos clássicos ADTs, mas destituídos dos efeitos adversos associados aos mesmos. Os métodos convencionais...

Desenvolvimento das barras imunosorventes de agitação e avaliação das técnicas extração sortiva em barra de agitação, microextração em sorvente empacotado e cromatografia líquida para análise de antidepressivos em amostras de plasma; Development of immunosorbent stir bars and evaluation of stir bar sorptive extraction, microextraction by packed sorbent and liquid chromatography for the analysis of antidepressants in plasma samples

Leandro, Fernanda Zampieri
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.24032%
Neste trabalho, os anticorpos policlonais e monoclonais anti-fluoxetina foram produzidos em coelhos e camundongos, respectivamente, por imunização com o conjugado fluoxetina-soroalbumina bovina. Os anticorpos obtidos foram caracterizados em função da especificidade contra o fármaco por ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay) e posteriormente, purificados por afinidade em coluna fluoxetina-agarose labmade. Os anticorpos purificados foram imobilizados covalentemente na superfície vítrea das barras SBSE (extração sortiva em barra de agitação) labmade. Após a derivatização das barras com 3-aminopropiltrietoxisilano, dois métodos distintos de acoplamento dos anticorpos às barras SBSE foram avaliados: ativação com glutaraldeído e succinilação seguida de ativação via éster N-hidroxisuccinimida (NHS). A funcionalização das barras SBSE foi comprovada através da imobilização de enzima peroxidase (HRP) em lugar do anticorpo e posterior ensaio enzimático com as barras. Várias barras SBSE com diferentes áreas (1,2; 2,4; e 4,0 cm2) foram preparadas, dentre as quais, as com maior área imunosorvente apresentaram maiores taxas de recuperação do fármaco. A avaliação da morfologia da superfície da barra SBSE imunosorvente foi realizada através de Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV). As variáveis do processo SBSE de imunoafinidade foram otimizadas para estabelecer o equilíbrio de sorção antígeno-anticorpo em um menor tempo de análise e obtenção de limite de quantificação compatível com o intervalo terapêutico do fármaco. As capacidades adsortivas das barras imunosorventes foram de 1...

Should we measure serum or plasma lead concentrations?

REZENDE, Vania B.; AMARAL, Jefferson H.; GERLACH, Raquel F.; BARBOSA JR., Fernando; TANUS-SANTOS, Jose E.
Fonte: ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG Publicador: ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.26286%
Project: Serum samples may not be appropriate to assess lead (Pb) concentrations because they may contain artificially higher Pb concentrations compared with those measured in plasma samples. Here, we compared Pb concentrations in serum versus heparin plasma separated from blood collected with or without vacuum. We have also examined the effects of sample standing time on Pb concentrations measured in serum, heparin plasma, and EDTA plasma. Procedure: We studied plasma and serum samples from twelve healthy subjects. Blood samples were collected via venous drainage phlebotomy with and without vacuum into trace metal free tubes containing no anticoagulants (serum), or lithium heparin, or EDTA (to obtain plasma). Variable sample standing times (0, 5, and 30 min) prior to centrifugation were allowed. Plasma and serum Pb and iron concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Plasma and serum cell-free hemoglobin concentrations were measured. Results: Pb concentrations in serum and in heparin plasma from blood samples collected with or without vacuum were similar and not associated with significant changes in iron or hemoglobin concentrations. The sample standing time (up to 30 min) did not affect Pb concentrations in serum or in heparin plasma...

Enantioselective analysis of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine in plasma samples by protein precipitation and liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection

Bueno,Jordana S; Silva,Bruno J.G; Queiroz,Maria Eugênia C
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.95673%
In this study, the enantioselective analysis of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine in plasma samples was performed by the protein precipitation method and high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (PP/LC-FD). Different precipitating agents - organic solvents, acids, and salts - in several proportions were available. The Bradford colorimetric method employed for evaluation of the efficiency of protein precipitation, has shown that for the sake of simplicity and percentage of protein precipitation (99.7%), acetonitrile was most effective when added at a ratio of 3:1 (acetonitrile/plasma, v/v). The quantification limit of the PP/LC-FD method was 30 ng mL-1 for the four enantiomers. The response of the proposed method was linear over a dynamic range from LOQ to 1000 ng mL-1, with correlation coefficients higher than 0.9973. In conclusion, the PP/LC-FD method can be successfully used to analyze plasma samples from ageing patients undergoing therapy with fluoxetine.

Detection of mucopolysaccharidosis type II by measurement of iduronate-2-sulfatase in dried blood spots and plasma samples

Dean, C.; Bockmann, M.; Hopwood, J.; Brooks, D.; Meikle, P.
Fonte: Amer Assoc Clinical Chemistry Publicador: Amer Assoc Clinical Chemistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.187407%
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is a lysosomal storage disorder related to a deficiency in the enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS). Clinical trials of enzyme replacement therapy are in progress, but effective treatment will require screening assays to enable early detection and diagnosis of MPS II. Our study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of IDS protein and enzyme activity measurements in dried blood spots and plasma. METHODS: We collected dried-blood-spot and plasma samples from unaffected control individuals and from MPS II patients. We measured IDS protein concentration with a 2-step time-delayed dissociation-enhanced lanthanide fluorescence immunoassay. To measure enzyme activity, we immobilized anti-IDS antibody on microtiter plates to capture the enzyme and measured its activity with the fluorogenic substrate 4-methylumbelliferyl sulfate. RESULTS: Dried-blood-spot samples from MPS II patients showed an almost total absence of IDS activity (0-0.075 micromol x h(-1) x L(-1)) compared with control blood spots (0.5-4.7 micromol x h(-1) x L(-1)) and control plasma (0.17-8.1 micromol x h(-1) x L(-1)). A dried-blood-spot sample from only 1 of 12 MPS II patients had detectable concentrations of IDS protein (24.8 microg/L)...

Identifizierung und Quantifizierung von myo- und chiro- Inositol in Plasma und Erythrozyten von erstgradig Verwandten an Diabetes mellitus Typ 2 erkrankter Patienten; Identification and quantification of myo- and chiro- Inositole from samples of plasma and erythrocytes of first- grade relatives of patients suffering from Diabetes mellitus type 2

Namislo, Stefan
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
DE_DE
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Das Ziel der vorliegenden Studie war, eine Methode zur qualitativen und quantitativen Analyse der Isomere myo- und chiro- Inositol aus isolierten Erythrozyten- und Plasma- Proben durch Gaschromatographie und Massenspektrometrie zu entwickeln. Die Vorbereitung und Derivatisierung der Proben wurde so optimiert, daß bei einfacher, relativ schneller und kostengünstiger Durchführung eine gute Sensitivität und Spezifität der Messungen erreicht werden konnten. Zur Quantifizierung der Inositole wurden die Ionen mit den Massenzahlen 115, 126 und 168 in Anlehnung an deren zuvor erhaltene Spektren benutzt. Zur Trennung von anderen Substanzen wurde das Ion mit der Massenzahl 217 benutzt, da sein Peak sich vergleichsweise niedrig bei Inositolen, jedoch hoch z.B. bei Glukose zeigte. Bei den isolierten Erythrozyten- Proben wurden die Unterschiede im Hämatokrit- Wert berücksichtigt. Zur Identifizierung und Quantifizierung des Internen Standards wurden die Ionen mit den Massenzahlen 85 und 140 benutzt. Zur Kalibirierung wurde jeder Probenserie ein Set von n=5 Proben mit definiertem Gehalt an Inositolen und Internem Standard vorausgeschickt. Es zeigte sich eine Korrelation bei myo- Inositol von r=0,9831 und bei chiro- Inositol von r=0,9972. Zur Validierung der Ergebnisse wurden n=10 Proben aus dem Routineprozeß des Zentrallaboratoriums der Universitätsklinik Tübingen aufgearbeitet und gemessen. Dabei zeigte sich für die Plasma- Proben ein Variationskoeffizient für myo- und chiro- Inositol von je 5%. Unter Berücksichtigung der variierende Hämatokrit- Werte zeigte sich für die Proben aus isolierten Erythrozyten ein Variationskoeffizient von 4% für beide Isomere. Die klinische Anwendung dieser Methode erfolgte im Rahmen der TüFF- Studie. Die Blutproben stammten von Verwandten ersten Grades von an Diabetes mellitus Typ 2 erkrankten Patienten. Der Gehalt an myo- und chiro- Inositol in n=133 Plasma- und n=136 isolierten Erythrozyten- Proben wurde gemessen. Der durchschnittliche Gehalt an myo- Inositol in isolierten Erythrozyten war signifikant höher als im Plasma ( 8...

Desenvolvimento de fases monolíticas de sílica híbrida para microextração em sorvente empacotado (MEPS) de fármacos em amostras de plasma e análise por cromatografia líquida acoplada a espectrometria de massas em tandem (LC-MS/MS); Synthesis of hybrid silica monoliths for microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) to determine drugs from plasma samples by liquid chromatography-tandem mass (LC-MS/MS)

Souza, Israel Donizéti de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/07/2015 PT
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Segundo a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), a esquizofrenia é reconhecida como um transtorno neuropsiquiátrico grave que afeta mais de 21 milhões de pessoas em todo o mundo. Para diminuir os sintomas associados a esta doença, a maioria dos pacientes esquizofrênicos fazem uso concomitantemente de antipsicóticos, antidepressivos, ansiolíticos e anticonvulsivantes. O desenvolvimento de métodos analíticos para a determinação desses fármacos em fluidos biológicos é importante para ajustar as doses administradas, minimizar os efeitos adversos e verificar a anuência do paciente à terapia. A química analítica moderna tem se direcionado para a simplificação, através da miniaturização dos sistemas analíticos. Neste contexto, pode-se destacar a técnica de microextração em sorvente empacotado (MEPS). O desenvolvimento de novas fases extratoras para MEPS, como, os monolitos de sílica híbrida permitem pré-concentração seletiva dos analitos. Neste projeto monolitos de sílica híbrida funcionalizados com grupos aminopropil ou cianopropil foram sintetizados pelo processo sol-gel. Estes monolitos apresentaram estrutura contínua, uniforme e porosa, como evidenciado pelas imagens de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). As análises de espectroscopia vibracional na região do infravermelho por transformada de Fourier (FTIR) dos monolitos de sílica híbrida exibiram picos facilmente identificáveis...

Desenvolvimento de uma fase extratora com polímeros de impressão molecular para extração em fase sólida de Venlafaxina, O-desmetilvenlafaxina e N-desmetilvenlafaxina em amostras de plasmas e análises por cromatografia líquida de ultra eficiência acoplada à espectometria de massas em tandem (UPLC-MS/MS).; Development of an extraction phase with molecularly imprinted polymers for solid phase extraction of venlafaxine, o-desmethylvenlafaxine, and n-desmethylvenlafaxine in plasma samples and analysis by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS)

Miranda, Luís Felippe Cabral
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/03/2015 PT
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A venlafaxina (VEN), em razão de sua eficácia e brandos efeitos adversos, tem sido um dos antidepressivos mais prescritos no tratamento da depressão e ansiedade. Neste trabalho, um método analítico empregando as técnicas MISPE miniaturizada e cromatografia líquida acoplada à espectrometria de massas em Tandem, foi utilizado para a determinação de VEN e seus principais metabólitos em amostras de plasma para fins de monitorização terapêutica. A fase MIP foi sintetizada via polimerização radicalar por precipitação, fazendo uso de VEN (molécula molde), ácido metacrílico (monômero funcional), etileno glicol dimetacrilato, (reagente reticulante) e 2,2 azobisisobutironitrila (iniciador radicalar) em tolueno (solvente). Para controle utilizou-se o polímero não impresso (NIP), sintetizado por procedimento análogo ao do MIP, porém sem o uso da molécula molde. A caracterização química e estrutural dos polímeros foi realizada por espectroscopia no infravermelho com transformada de fourier e microscopia eletrônica de varredura. A otimização das variáveis de MISPE miniaturizada favoreceu a detectabilidade analítica e diminuiu o efeito de memória. As extrações realizadas com MIP apresentaram taxa de recuperação de 84% para VEN e de 2-28% para os antidepressivos (clorpromazina...