In the present work, an assessment of the Physics research capacity in Chile is
presented. For this, the period between 2000 and June 2005 has been studied. In this period
almost 200 physicists have contributed to scientific production in terms of ISI publications.
Amongst these 200, ~160 correspond to theoretical physicists and only ~40 to experimental
physicists; ~178 are men and only ~22 are women. A more detailed analysis shows that ~160
physicists have at least one appearance in ISI publications per year considering the last 3 years.
Ten years ago, a similar criteria (at least one appearance per year in ISI articles, considering
mobile three-year periods), the number of active physicists in the Chilean community was
estimated at 70. Therefore, the Chilean active physicists’ community has doubled in 10 years.
There exist 20 centres in which scientific research is developed: 18 university centres, a
government institute and a private institute.
As regards scientific productivity, both as related to disciplines or research areas, and well as in
relation to research centres, it is found that, generally, scientific production, in a particular area
in Physics or in a research centre, is directly related to the number of corresponding
researchers; that is to say...