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Preparação de sílica organofuncionalizada a partir de casca de arroz, com capacidade adsorvente de íons metálicos.; Preparation of organically modified silica from rice husk with capacity to sorption of metallic ions.

Chaves, Márcia Rodrigues de Morais
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/01/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Esta tese apresenta a obtenção de sílica xerogel a partir de carvão de cascas de arroz e a modificação da sua superfície com um ligante orgânico tipo base de Schiff. O objetivo da utilização deste resíduo agroindustrial é a obtenção de um adsorvente capaz de atuar no tratamento de águas contaminadas contendo íons cádmio II, em uma concepção de valorização de resíduos. A sílica contida na biomassa foi obtida na forma de silicato de sódio através de extração química com solução de hidróxido de sódio, seguida de hidrólise e condensação do monômero através do processo solgel. A modificação da superfície da sílica com o ligante salen foi realizada utilizando o 1,2-dicloroetano como espaçador bifuncional. A sílica xerogel modificada foi avaliada através de análises de isotermas de adsorção e dessorção de nitrogênio (BET/BJH), difração de raios-X (DRX), análise química elementar (CHN), espectroscopia de infravermelho com transformada de Fourier (FTIR), microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e termogravimetria (TG/DTG). A análise elementar indicou que 0,341 mmol/g de 1,2-dicloroetano e 0,095 mmol/g de salen foi ancorado na superfície da sílica, que apresentou estabilidade térmica até 209°C e área de superfície específica de 106...

Investigation of New Ion Conducting Ormolytes Silica-Polypropyleneglycol

Dahmouche, K.; De Souza, P. H.; Bonagamba, T. J.; Paneppucci, H.; Judeinstein, P.; Pulcinelli, S. H.; Santilli, C. V.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 909-913
ENG
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Two groups of hybrid organic-inorganic composites exhibiting ionic conduction properties, so called ORMOLYTES (organically modified electrolytes), have been prepared by the sol-gel process. The first group has been prepared from mixture of a lithium salt and 3-isocyanatopropyltriethoxysilane(IsoTrEOS),O,O′-bis(2-aminopropyl) polypropyleneglycol. These materials produce chemical bonds between the organic (polymer) and the inorganic (silica) phases. The second group has been prepared by an ultrasonic method from a mixture of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), polypropyleneglycol and a lithium salt. The organic and inorganic phases are not chemically bonded in these samples. The Li+ ionic conductivity, σ, of all these materials has been studied by AC impedance spectroscopy up to 100°C. Values of σ up to 10-6 Ω-1·cm-1 have been found at room temperature. A systematic study of the effects of lithium concentration, polymer chain length and the polymer to silica weight ratio on σ shows that there is a strong dependence of σ on the preparation conditions. The dynamic properties of the Li+ ion and the polymer chains as a function of temperature between -100 and 120°C were studied using 7Li solid-state NMR measurements. The ionic conductivity of both families are compared and particular attention is paid to the nature of the bonds between the organic and inorganic components.

Propriedades ópticas de materiais híbridos de sílica dopados com nanocristais de CdSe/ZnS

Alencar, Lorena Dariane da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 60 f. : il., tabs.
POR
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Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Pós-graduação em Física - IGCE; Organically Modified Silicates (ORMOSIL) have been object of study due to the variety of the organically functionalized alkoxides (epoxy, vinyl, phenyl, etc). This allows the production of new hybrid silica materials with adjustable properties depending on the organic molecule linked to silica. The study of the properties of CdSe/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals embedded in GPTS/TEOS-derived organic/silica hybrids is of high interest due the optical and mechanical properties which can be controlled from the synthesis, producing multifunctional materials. This work aims the study of the optical properties measured in situ of CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals embedded in organic/silica hybrid colloids prepared by sol-gel technique derived from 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTS) and tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS). Doped organic/silica hybrid matrices were characterized by optical spectroscopy (absorption and photoluminescence) and thermo-optical spectroscopy (thermal lens). CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals with three different core sizes (~2 -5 nm) and emission band centered at 525...

Fibras para SPME (Microextração em fase sólida) recobertas com sílica modificadas por grupos vinila; Fibers for SPME (Solid Phase Microextraction) coated with modified silica vinyl groups

Alex Domingues Batista
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/10/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.812676%
No trabalho estudou-se o preparo de fibras para Microextração em Fase Sólida (SPME) com recobrimentos baseados em sílicas organicamente modificadas através de processo sol-gel. O modificador utilizado foi o viniltriemetoxisilano para a obtenção de um revestimento inicial que posteriormente foi recoberta com poliestireno através da polimerização de monômeros de estireno catalisada por luz ultravioleta. As fibras foram caracterizadas química e morfologicamente através de Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura, Espectroscopia no Infravermelho e Análise Termogravimétrica. Os recobrimentos apresentaram uma estrutura compacta, sem a presença visível de poros com uma espessura de 97 mm. Eles se apresentaram estáveis termicamente até uma temperatura de aproximadamente 320°C. As fibras foram utilizadas com sucesso na quantificação de BTEX em água de torneira, as curvas analíticas obtidas apresentaram coeficientes de correlação linear acima de 0,99. Os limites de detecção calculados pela curva analítica foram para benzeno, tolueno, etilbenzeno e o-xileno foram respectivamente 0,023, 0,042, 0,027 e 0,061 mg.L. As novas fibras foram utilizadas também na quantificação de androstenona e escatol em toucinho suíno onde também observado um coeficiente de correlação linear para a curva analítica acima de 0...

Molecularly imprinted sol-gel silica for solid phase extraction of phenobarbital

Pilau,Eduardo J.; Silva,Raquel G. C.; Jardim,Isabel C. F. S.; Augusto,Fabio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A molecularly imprinted organically modified silica was prepared through a simple sol-gel procedure, and evaluated as specific sorbent for solid-phase extraction (SPE) of phenobarbital from aqueous and forensic samples. The analytical properties of the molecularly imprinted silica (MIS, non-imprinted sílica) were initially evaluated and the MIS was found to be specific towards the target species: the imprinting factor IF, measured as the ratio between phenobarbital peak areas in the MIS and NIS chromatograms, was estimated as 58. This value is considerably higher than those usually found for conventional methacrylate-based molecularly imprinted sorbents and suggests that non-specific analyte/sorbent interactions are insignificant in the MIS. This material is applied to the isolation of phenobarbital from aqueous samples and plasma; detection limit of 10 and 62 µg mL-1 was achieved for the former samples, respectively.

Optical tracking of organically modified silica nanoparticles as DNA carriers: A nonviral, nanomedicine approach for gene delivery

Roy, Indrajit; Ohulchanskyy, Tymish Y.; Bharali, Dhruba J.; Pudavar, Haridas E.; Mistretta, Ruth A.; Kaur, Navjot; Prasad, Paras N.
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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This article reports a multidisciplinary approach to produce fluorescently labeled organically modified silica nanoparticles as a nonviral vector for gene delivery and biophotonics methods to optically monitor intracellular trafficking and gene transfection. Highly monodispersed, stable aqueous suspensions of organically modified silica nanoparticles, encapsulating fluorescent dyes and surface functionalized by cationic-amino groups, are produced by micellar nanochemistry. Gel-electrophoresis studies reveal that the particles efficiently complex with DNA and protect it from enzymatic digestion of DNase 1. The electrostatic binding of DNA onto the surface of the nanoparticles, due to positively charged amino groups, is also shown by intercalating an appropriate dye into the DNA and observing the Förster (fluorescence) resonance energy transfer between the dye (energy donor) intercalated in DNA on the surface of nanoparticles and a second dye (energy acceptor) inside the nanoparticles. Imaging by fluorescence confocal microscopy shows that cells efficiently take up the nanoparticles in vitro in the cytoplasm, and the nanoparticles deliver DNA to the nucleus. The use of plasmid encoding enhanced GFP allowed us to demonstrate the process of gene transfection in cultured cells. Our work shows that the nanomedicine approach...

Organically modified silica nanoparticles: A nonviral vector for in vivo gene delivery and expression in the brain

Bharali, Dhruba J.; Klejbor, Ilona; Stachowiak, Ewa K.; Dutta, Purnendu; Roy, Indrajit; Kaur, Navjot; Bergey, Earl J.; Prasad, Paras N.; Stachowiak, Michal K.
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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This article reports on the application of organically modified silica (ORMOSIL) nanoparticles as a nonviral vector for efficient in vivo gene delivery. Highly monodispersed, stable aqueous suspension of nanoparticles, surface-functionalized with amino groups for binding of DNA, were prepared and characterized. Stereotaxic injections of nanoparticles, complexed with plasmid DNA encoding for EGFP, into the mouse ventral midbrain and into lateral ventricle, allowed us to fluorescently visualize the extensive transfection of neuronal-like cells in substantia nigra and areas surrounding the lateral ventricle. No ORMOSIL-based toxicity was observed 4 weeks after transfection. The efficiency of transfection equaled or exceeded that obtained in studies using a viral vector. An in vivo optical imaging technique (a fiber-based confocal fluorescent imaging system) provided an effective means to show the retention of viability of the transfected cells. The ORMOSIL-mediated transfections also were used to manipulate the biology of the neural stem/progenitor cells in vivo. Transfection of a plasmid expressing the nucleus-targeting fibroblast growth factor receptor type 1 resulted in significant inhibition of the in vivo incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine into the DNA of the cells in the subventricular zone and the adjacent rostral migratory stream. This in vivo approach shows that the nuclear receptor can control the proliferation of the stem/progenitor cells in this region of the brain. The results of this nanomedicine approach using ORMOSIL nanoparticles as a nonviral gene delivery platform have a promising future direction for effective therapeutic manipulation of the neural stem/progenitor cells as well as in vivo targeted brain therapy.

Favorable Influence of Hydrophobic Surfaces on Protein Structure in Porous Organically-modified Silica Glasses

Menaa, Bouzid; Herrero, Mar; Rives, Vicente; Lavrenko, Mayya; Eggers, Daryl K.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Organically-modified siloxanes were used as host materials to examine the influence of surface chemistry on protein conformation in a crowded environment. The sol-gel materials were prepared from tetramethoxysilane and a series of monosubstituted alkoxysilanes, RSi(OR′)3, featuring alkyl groups of increasing chain length in the R-position. Using circular dichroism spectroscopy in the far-UV region, apomyoglobin was found to transit from an unfolded state to a native-like helical state as the content of the hydrophobic precursor increased from 0–15%. At a fixed molar content of 5% RSi(OR’)3, the helical structure of apomyoglobin increased with the chain length of the R-group, i.e. methyl < ethyl < n-propyl < n-butyl < n-hexyl. This trend also was observed for the tertiary structure of ribonuclease A, suggesting that protein folding and biological activity are sensitive to the hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance of neighboring surfaces. The observed changes in protein structure did not correlate with total surface area or the average pore size of the modified glasses, but scanning electron microscopy images revealed an interesting relationship between surface morphology and alkyl chain length. The unexpected benefit of incorporating a low content of hydrophobic groups into a hydrophilic surface may lead to materials with improved biocompatibility for use in biosensors and implanted devices.

Protein Adsorption onto Organically Modified Silica Glass Leads to a Different Structure than Sol-Gel Encapsulation

Menaa, Bouzid; Torres, Carlos; Herrero, Mar; Rives, Vicente; Gilbert, Aaron R. W.; Eggers, Daryl K.
Fonte: The Biophysical Society Publicador: The Biophysical Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The secondary structures of two proteins were examined by circular dichroism spectroscopy after adsorption onto a series of organically modified silica glasses. The glasses were prepared by the sol-gel technique and were varied in hydrophobicity by incorporation of 5% methyl, propyl, trifluoropropyl, or n-hexyl silane. Both cytochrome c and apomyoglobin were found to lose secondary structure after adsorption onto the modified glasses. In the case of apomyoglobin, the α-helical content of the adsorbed protein ranged from 21% to 28%, well below the 62% helix found in solution. In contrast, these same glasses led to a striking increase in apomyoglobin structure when the protein was encapsulated within the pores during sol-gel processing: the helical content of apomyoglobin increased with increasing hydrophobicity from 18% in an unmodified glass to 67% in a 5% hexyl-modified glass. We propose that proteins preferentially adsorb onto unmodified regions of the silica surface, whereas encapsulated proteins are more susceptible to changes in surface hydration due to the proximity of the alkyl chain groups.

Organically Modified Silica Nanoparticles Co-Encapsulating Photosensitizing Drug and Aggregation-Enhanced Two-Photon Absorbing Fluorescent Dye Aggregates for Two-Photon Photodynamic Therapy

Kim, Sehoon; Ohulchanskyy, Tymish Y.; Pudavar, Haridas E.; Pandey, Ravindra K.; Prasad, Paras N.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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We report energy-transferring organically modified silica nanoparticles for two-photon photodynamic therapy. These nanoparticles co-encapsulate two-photon fluorescent dye nanoaggregates as an energy up-converting donor and a photosensitizing PDT drug as an acceptor. They combine two features: i) aggregation-enhanced two-photon absorption and emission properties of a novel two-photon dye, and ii) nanoscopic fluorescence resonance energy transfer between this nanoaggregate and a photosensitizer, 2-devinyl-2-(1-hexyloxyethyl)pyropheophorbide. Stable aqueous dispersions of the co-encapsulating nanoparticles (diameter≤30 nm) have been prepared in the nonpolar interior of micelles by co-precipitating an organically modified silica sol with the photosensitizer and an excess amount of the two-photon dye which forms fluorescent aggregates by phase separation from the particle matrix. Using a multidisciplinary nanophotonic approach, we show: i) indirect excitation of the photosensitizer through efficient two-photon excited intraparticle energy transfer from the dye aggregates in the intracellular environment of tumor cells, and ii) generation of singlet oxygen and in-vitro cytotoxic effect in tumor cells by photosensitization under two-photon irradiation.

Folate receptor targeting silica nanoparticle probe for two-photon fluorescence bioimaging

Wang, Xuhua; Yao, Sheng; Ahn, Hyo-Yang; Zhang, Yuanwei; Bondar, Mykhailo V.; Torres, Joseph A.; Belfield, Kevin D.
Fonte: Optical Society of America Publicador: Optical Society of America
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/08/2010 EN
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Narrow dispersity organically modified silica nanoparticles (SiNPs), diameter ~30 nm, entrapping a hydrophobic two-photon absorbing fluorenyl dye, were synthesized by hydrolysis of triethoxyvinylsilane and (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane in the nonpolar core of Aerosol-OT micelles. The surface of the SiNPs were functionalized with folic acid, to specifically deliver the probe to folate receptor (FR) over-expressing Hela cells, making these folate two-photon dye-doped SiNPs potential candidates as probes for two-photon fluorescence microscopy (2PFM) bioimaging. In vitro studies using FR over-expressing Hela cells and low FR expressing MG63 cells demonstrated specific cellular uptake of the functionalized nanoparticles. One-photon fluorescence microscopy (1PFM) imaging, 2PFM imaging, and two-photon fluorescence lifetime microscopy (2P-FLIM) imaging of Hela cells incubated with folate-modified two-photon dye-doped SiNPs were demonstrated.

Organically Modified Silica Nanoparticles Are Biocompatible and Can Be Targeted to Neurons In Vivo

Barandeh, Farda; Nguyen, Phuong-Lan; Kumar, Rajiv; Iacobucci, Gary J.; Kuznicki, Michelle L.; Kosterman, Andrew; Bergey, Earl J.; Prasad, Paras N.; Gunawardena, Shermali
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/01/2012 EN
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The application of nanotechnology in biological research is beginning to have a major impact leading to the development of new types of tools for human health. One focus of nanobiotechnology is the development of nanoparticle-based formulations for use in drug or gene delivery systems. However most of the nano probes currently in use have varying levels of toxicity in cells or whole organisms and therefore are not suitable for in vivo application or long-term use. Here we test the potential of a novel silica based nanoparticle (organically modified silica, ORMOSIL) in living neurons within a whole organism. We show that feeding ORMOSIL nanoparticles to Drosophila has no effect on viability. ORMOSIL nanoparticles penetrate into living brains, neuronal cell bodies and axonal projections. In the neuronal cell body, nanoparticles are present in the cytoplasm, but not in the nucleus. Strikingly, incorporation of ORMOSIL nanoparticles into the brain did not induce aberrant neuronal death or interfered with normal neuronal processes. Our results in Drosophila indicate that these novel silica based nanoparticles are biocompatible and not toxic to whole organisms, and has potential for the development of long-term applications.

Organically Modified Silica Nanoparticles with Intraparticle Heavy-Atom Effect on the Encapsulated Photosensitizer for Enhanced Efficacy of Photodynamic Therapy

Kim, Sehoon; Ohulchanskyy, Tymish Y.; Bharali, Dhruba; Chen, Yihui; Pandey, Ravindra K.; Prasad, Paras N.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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We report a novel nanoassembly formulation for photodynamic therapy, which is composed of covalently iodine-concentrated organically modified silica (ORMOSIL) nanoparticles (diameter <30 nm) and a hydrophobic photosensitizer embedded therein. Comparative studies with iodinated and non-iodinated nanoparticles have demonstrated that the intraparticle external heavy-atom effect on the encapsulated photosensitizer molecules significantly enhances the efficiency of 1O2 generation, and thereby, the in vitro PDT efficacy.

Electrochemically assisted fabrication of size-exclusion films of organically modified silica and application to the voltammetry of phospholipids

Mehdi, B. Layla; Rutkowska, Iwona A.; Kulesza, Pawel J.; Cox, James A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Modification of electrodes with nm-scale organically modified silica films with pores diameters controlled at 10- and 50-nm is described. An oxidation catalyst, mixed-valence ruthenium oxide with cyano crosslinks or gold nanoparticles protected by dirhodium-substituted phosophomolybdate (AuNP-Rh2PMo11), was immobilized in the pores. These systems comprise size-exclusion films at which the biological compounds, phosphatidylcholine and cardiolipin, were electrocatalytically oxidized without interference from surface-active concomitants such as bovine serum albumin. 10-nm pores were obtained by adding generation-4 poly(amidoamine) dendrimer, G4-PAMAM, to a (CH3)3SiOCH3 sol. 50-nm pores were obtained by modifying a glassy carbon electrode (GC) with a sub-monolayer film of aminopropyltriethoxylsilane, attaching 50-nm diameter poly(styrene sulfonate), PSS, spheres to the protonated amine, transferring this electrode to a (CH3)3SiOCH3 sol, and electrochemically generating hydronium at uncoated GC sites, which catalyzed ormosil growth around the PSS. Voltammetry of Fe(CN)63− and Ru(NH3)63+ demonstrated the absence of residual charge after removal of the templating agents. With the 50-nm system, the pore structure was sufficiently defined to use layer-by-layer electrostatic assembly of AuNP-Rh2PMo11 therein. Flow injection amperometry of phosphatidylcholine and cardiolipin demonstrated analytical utility of these electrodes.

Assembly of crosslinked oxo-cyanoruthenate and zirconium oxide bilayers: Application in electrocatalytic films based on organically modified silica with templated pores

Rutkowska, Iwona A.; Sek, Jakub P.; Mehdi, B. Layla; Kulesza, Pawel J.; Cox, James A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Electrochemical deposition of crosslinked oxo-cyanoruthenate, Ru-O/CN-O, from a mixture of RuCl3 and K4Ru(CN)6 is known to yield a film on glassy carbon that promotes oxidations by a combination of electron and oxygen transfer. Layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition of this species and of a film formed by cycling of the electrode potential in a ZrO2 solution systematically increases the number of catalytically active sites of the Ru-O/CN-O on the electrode. The evaluation of the electrocatalytic activity was by cyclic voltammetric oxidation of cysteine at pH 2. Plots of the anodic peak current vs. the square root of scan rate were indicative of linear diffusion control of this oxidation, even in the absence of ZrO2, but the slopes of these linear plots increased with bilayer number, n, of (ZrO2 | Ru-O/CN-O)n. The latter observation is hypothesized to be due to an increased number of active sites for a given geometric electrode area, but proof required further study. To optimize utilization of the catalyst and to provide a size-exclusion characteristic to the electrode, the study was extended to LbL deposition of the composite in 50-nm pores of an organically modified silica film deposited by electrochemically assisted sol-gel processing using surface-bound poly(styrene sulfonate) nanospheres as a templating agent.

Active targeting of HER2-positive breast cancer cells by Herceptin-functionalized organically modified silica nanoparticles

Shirshahi, Vahid; Shamsipour, Fereshteh; Zarnani, Amir Hassan; Verdi, Javad; Saber, Reza
Fonte: Springer Vienna Publicador: Springer Vienna
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Normal micelle microemulsion method was utilized for fabrication of organically modified silica (ORMOSIL) nanoparticles. The void and dye-doped nanoparticles were synthesized in nonpolar core of two different surfactants including Aerosol OT and Tween 80. The nanoparticles were characterized using transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and zeta potential analysis. Our results revealed that the type of surfactant molecules has a dramatic impact on the size and size distribution range, surface charge, and surface functionalization of the nanoparticles. The particles fabricated using Tween 80 had very smaller size with narrow size distribution and very lower amount of zeta potential. For specific delivery of functionalized nanoparticles to breast cancer cell line SKBR3, overexpressing human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), both dye-doped nanoparticles fabricated with Aerosol OT or Tween 80, was conjugated to Herceptin. In vitro studies using fluorescent microscopy demonstrated that the surfactant used for preparation of the nanoparticles can affect the uptake of the particles by cells. The dye-doped functionalized ORMOSIL nanoparticles prepared with Aerosol OT showed better efficiency in the process of active targeting of HER2 receptor. Herceptin-functionalized ORMOSIL nanoparticles can be used for differentiation of HER2-positive from HER2-negative breast cancer cells or specific delivery of therapeutic and diagnostic agents and also other nanoparticles such as magnetic nanoparticles and quantum dots to breast cancer cells.

Organically Modified Mesoporous Silica as a Support for Synthesis and Catalysis

McEleney, Kevin
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 14165145 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
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Mesoporous silicates are excellent materials for supported catalysis due to their ease of functionalization, tunable pore size and high surface areas. Mesoporous silicates have been utilized in a variety of applications such as drug delivery scaffolds and catalyst supports. Functionalization of the surface can be achieved by either grafting of alkoxy silanes or co-condensation of the organosilane with the inorganic silica source. My research in this area can be divided into two components. In the first, we address the significant issue of metal contamination after reactions that are catalyzed by transition metals. In the second, we examine the design of new catalysts based on organic/inorganic composites. Ruthenium catalyzed processes such as olefin metathesis or asymmetric hydrogenation, are often underutilized due to the difficulty of removing the ruthenium by-products. Attempts to remove ruthenium involve treating the solution with a scavenging reagent followed by silica chromatography. Often these scavenging agents are expensive phosphines or toxic agents like lead tetra-acetate. SBA-15 functionalized with aminopropyl triethoxysilane displays a high affinity for ruthenium. Furthermore, it can be utilized to remove ruthenium by-products from olefin metathesis or hydrogenation reactions without the need for silica chromatography. We have also prepared sulfur-functionalized mesoporous silicates that have a high affinity for palladium. The materials after loading prove to be active catalysts for a variety of palladium catalyzed processes such as Suzuki-Miyaura and Sonogashira couplings. The catalysts are recyclable with moderate loss of activity and structure...

Emprego de sílica gel organicamente modificada e impressa ionicamente para pré-concentração seletiva on-line de íons cobre

Ávila,Thiago Carvalho de; Segatelli,Mariana Gava; Beijo,Luiz Alberto; Tarley,César Ricardo Teixeira
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 PT
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The present work purposes the preparation of a silica gel sorbent organically modified with 2-aminoethyl-3-aminobutylmethyldimethoxysilane (AAMDMS) and imprinted with Cu2+ ions by means surface imprinting technique and its use for selective on-line sorbent preconcentration of Cu2+ ions with further UV-VIS spectrophotometric determination by flow injection analysis. The Cu2+-imprinted silica gel, when compared with non imprinted silica gel and silica gel, showed from the binary mixture of Cu2+/Ni2+ relative selectivity coefficient (k') of 6.84 and 5.43 and 6.64 and 19.83 for the mixture Cu2+/Pb2+, thus demonstrating higher selectivity of Cu2+-imprinted silica gel towards Cu2+ ions. Under optimized condition, the on-line preconcentration method provided detection limit of 3.4 μg L-1 and linear range ranging from 30.0 up to 300.0 μg L-1 (r = 0.995). The accuracy of method was successfully assessed by analyzing different kind of spiked water samples with recovery values ranging from 92.2 up to 103.0%.

Photosentive ormosil system for integrated optics

Atkins, Graham; Charters, Robbie; Luther-Davies, Barry
Fonte: SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering Publicador: SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
69.45436%
A photosensitive organically modified silica (ormosil) material has been developed for integrated optics applications. In this material, prepared via a simple one-step sol-gel process, the silica backbone is substituted with methacrylate groups to confer

Optical properties of an ormosil system comprising methyl- and phenyl-substituted silica

Atkins, Graham; Krolikowska, Maryla; Samoc, Anna
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We report an organically modified silica (ormosil) system in which the refractive index can be varied from 1.40 to 1.55 by modifying the silica backbone with phenyl and methyl groups, which increase and decrease the refractive index, respectively. By changing the quantities of the phenyl- and methyl-modified precursors in the sol-gel mixture, the refractive index can be varied while keeping the organic fraction of the material constant. Crack-free, dried films up to 15-μm thick have been coated onto silicon and glass substrates, with potential application to optical waveguides for planar integrated circuits. The contributions of SiO-H and C-H absorptions to the attenuation in the communications windows are discussed, along with factors affecting the homogeneity and cracking tendency of the ormosils.