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Nanostructured diamond-like carbon films characterization

MOUSINHO, A. P.; Mansano, Ronaldo Domingues; Salvadori, Maria Cecilia Barbosa da Silveira
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In this work, we have studied the influence of the substrate surface condition on the roughness and the structure of the nanostructured DLC films deposited by high-density plasma chemical vapor deposition Four methods were used to modify the silicon wafers surface before starting the deposition processes of the nanostructured DLC films. micro-diamond powder dispersion, micro-graphite powder dispersion, and roughness generation by wet chemical etching and roughness generation by plasma etching. The reference wafer was only submitted to a chemical cleaning. It was possible to see that the final roughness and the sp(3) hybridization degree (that is related with the structure and chemical composition) strongly depend on the substrate surface conditions The surface roughness was observed by AFM and SEM and the hybridization degree of the DLC films was analyzed by Raman Spectroscopy Thus, the effects of the substrate surface on the DLC film structure were confirmed. These phenomena can be explained by the fact that the locally higher surface energy and the sharp edges may induce local defects promoting the nanostructured characteristics in the DLC films. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Influence of substrate surface topography in the deposition of nanostructured diamond-like carbon films by high density plasma chemical vapor deposition

MOUSINHO, Ana Paula; Mansano, Ronaldo Domingues; Salvadori, Maria Cecilia Barbosa da Silveira
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.65248%
In this work, we have studied the influence of the substrate surface condition on the roughness and the structure of the nanostructured DLC films deposited by High Density Plasma Chemical Vapor Deposition. Four methods were used to modify the silicon wafers surface before starting the deposition processes of the nanostructured DLC films: micro-diamond powder dispersion, micro-graphite powder dispersion, and roughness generation by wet chemical etching and roughness generation by plasma etching. The reference wafer was only submitted to a chemical cleaning. It was possible to see that the final roughness and the sp(3) hybridization degree strongly depend on the substrate surface conditions. The surface roughness was observed by AFM and SEM and the hybridization degree of the DLC films was analyzed by Raman Spectroscopy. In these samples, the final roughness and the sp(3) hybridization quantity depend strongly on the substrate surface condition. Thus, the effects of the substrate surface on the DLC film structure were confirmed. These phenomena can be explained by the fact that the locally higher surface energy and the sharp edges may induce local defects promoting the nanostructured characteristics in the DLC films. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; FAPESP; CAPES; CNPq

Strategies to Optimize Biosensors Based on Impedance Spectroscopy to Detect Phytic Acid Using Layer-by-Layer Films

MORAES, Marli L.; MAKI, Rafael M.; PAULOVICH, Fernando V.; RODRIGUES FILHO, Ubirajara P.; OLIVEIRA, Maria Cristina F. de; RIUL JR., Antonio; SOUZA, Nara C. de; FERREIRA, Marystela; GOMES, Henrique L.; OLIVEIRA JR., Osvaldo N.
Fonte: AMER CHEMICAL SOC Publicador: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.19591%
Impedance spectroscopy has been proven a powerful tool for reaching high sensitivity in sensor arrays made with nanostructured films in the so-called electronic tongue systems, whose distinguishing ability may be enhanced with sensing units capable of molecular recognition. In this study we show that for optimized sensors and bio-sensors the dielectric relaxation processes involved in impedance measurements should also be considered, in addition to an adequate choice of sensing materials. We used sensing units made from layer-by-layer (LbL) films with alternating layers of the polyeletrolytes, poly(allylamine) hydrochloride (PAH) and poly(vinyl sulfonate) (PVS), or LbL films of PAH alternated with layers of the enzyme phytase, all adsorbed on gold interdigitate electrodes. Surprisingly, the detection of phytic acid was as effective in the PVS/PAH sensing system as with the PAH/phytase system, in spite of the specific interactions of the latter. This was attributed to the dependence of the relaxation processes on nonspecific interactions such as electrostatic cross-linking and possibly on the distinct film architecture as the phytase layers were found to grow as columns on the LbL film, in contrast to the molecularly thin PAH/PVS films. Using projection techniques...

Carbon nanotubes in nanostructured films: Potential application as amperometric and potentiometric field-effect (bio-)chemical sensors

SIQUEIRA JR., Jose R.; ABOUZAR, Maryam H.; BAECKER, Matthias; ZUCOLOTTO, Valtencir; POGHOSSIAN, Arshak; OLIVEIRA JUNIOR, Osvaldo Novais de; SCHOENING, Michael J.
Fonte: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH Publicador: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.05627%
The assembly of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into nanostructured films is attractive for producing functionalized hybrid materials and (bio-)chemical sensors, but this requires experimental methods that allow for control of molecular architecturcs. In this study, we exploit the layer-by-layer (LbL) technique to obtain two types of sensors incorporating CNTs. In the first, LbL films of alternating layers of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) dispersed in polyarninoamide (PAMAM) dendrimers and nickel phthalocyanine (NiTsPc) were used in amperometric detection of the neurotransmitter dopamine (DA). The electrochemical properties evaluated with cyclic voltammetry indicated that the incorporation of MWNTs in the PAMAM-NT/NiTsPc LbL films led to a 3-fold increase in the peak current, in addition to a decrease of 50 mV in the oxidation potential of DA. The latter allowed detection of DA even in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA), a typical interferent for DA. Another LbL film was obtained with layers of PAMAM and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) employed in field-effect-devices using a capacitive electrolyte-insulator-semiconductor structure (EIS). The adsorption of the film components was monitored by measuring the flat-band voltage shift in capacitance-voltage (C-P) curves...

Processing of electroactive nanostructured films incorporating carbon nanotubes and phthalocyanines for sensing

SIQUEIRA JUNIOR, Jose; GASPAROTTO, Luiz H. S.; OLIVEIRA JUNIOR, Osvaldo Novais de; ZUCOLOTTO, Valtencir
Fonte: AMER CHEMICAL SOC Publicador: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.105728%
The use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) combined with other materials in nanostructured films has demonstrated their versatility in tailoring specific properties. In this study, we produced layer-by-layer (LbL) films of polyamidoamine-PAMAM-incorporating multiwalled carbon nanotubes (PAMAM-NT) alternated with nickel tetrasulfonated metallophthalocyanine (NiTsPc), in which the incorporation of CNTs enhanced the NiTsPc redox process and its electrocatalytic properties for detecting dopamine. Film growth was monitored by UV-vis spectroscopy, which pointed to an exponential growth of the multilayers, whose roughness increased with the number of bilayers according to atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis. Strong interactions between -NH3+ terminal groups from PAMAM and -SO3- from NiTsPc were observed via infrared spectroscopy, while the micro-Raman spectra confirmed the adsorption of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) onto the LbL film containing NiTsPc. Cyclic voltammograms presented well-defined electroactivity with a redox pair at 0.86 and 0.87 V, reversibility, a charge-transfer controlled process, and high stability up to 100 cycles. The films were employed successfully in dopamine (DA) detection, with limits of detection and quantification of 10(-7) and 10(-6) mol L-1...

Influence of the deposition parameters on the morphology and electrical conductivity of PANI/PSS self-assembled films

BRAGA, Guilherme S.; PATERNO, Leonardo G.; LIMA, John Paul H.; FONSECA, Fernando J.; ANDRADE, Adnei M. de
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.215234%
The influence of deposition parameters, namely polymer concentration and pH of the deposition solution, cleaning, and drying steps on the morphology and electrical characteristics of polyaniline and sulfonated polystyrene (PANI/PSS) nanostructured films deposited by the self-assembly technique is evaluated by UV-Vis spectroscopy, optical and atomic force microscopy, and electrical resistance measurements. It is found that stirring the cleaning solution during the cleaning step is crucial for obtaining homogenous films. Stirring of the cleaning solution also influences the amount of PANI adsorbed in the films. In this regard, the drying process seems to be less critical since PANI amount and film thickness are similar in films dried with N-2 flow or with an absorbent tissue. It is observed, however, that drying with N-2 flow results in rougher films. As an additional point, an assessment of the influence of the deposition method (manual versus mechanical) on the film characteristics was carried out. A significant difference on the amount of PANI and film thickness between films prepared by different human operators and by a homemade mechanical device was observed. The variability in film thickness and PANI adsorbed amount is smaller in films mechanically assembled. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Amphiphilic porphyrin-cardanol derivatives in Langmuir and Langmuir-Blodgett films applied for sensing

Sandrino, Bianca; Clemente, Claudenilson da Silva; Oliveira, Thiago Mielle Brito Ferreira; Ribeiro, Francisco Wirley Paulino; Pavinatto, Felippe José; Mazzetto, Selma Elaine; Lima Neto, Pedro de; Correia, Adriana Nunes; Pessoa, Christiana Andrade; Wohnra
Fonte: Elsevier BV; Amsterdam Publicador: Elsevier BV; Amsterdam
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.42057%
This study presents the preparation of a nanostructured films with an amphiphilic meso-porphyrin whose side chains are derived from cardanol, a byproduct of the cashew industry. The Langmuir films were prepared on acidified water to reducing the self-aggregation of the complex and the mean molecular area for the meso-porphyrin measured by surface pressure isotherms was 177 Å2 and confirmed by compressibility modulus. The 700 nm band observed in the Langmuir films supports the coexistence of monomers and dimers similar to the spectra of the solution (CHCl3/CH3COOH). The formation of bright block domains with different sizes and shapes for the monolayer disappears after surface pressure starts to increase (π ≥ 2 mN m-1), as observed by Brewster angle microscopy measurements. Results of UV-vis spectra of the Langmuir films and FTIR reflection of the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films of meso-porphyrin indicated that the molecules exhibit preferential orientation with the planes perpendicular to the water (Langmuir) and parallel to the substrate (LB) surface. The LB films were tested as a promethazine sensor, which detected a concentration of 2 µM, a value greater than those obtained by other nanostructured systems.; CAPES (424/2008); Rede CAPES de NanoBiotecnologia - nBioNet Films and Sensors; Fundação Araucária; FUNCAP; National Institute of Science and Technology on Organic Electronics (INEO)-CNPq

Estudo da interação da peroxidase de raiz forte em interfaces nanoestruturadas; Study of horseradish peroxidase interaction in nanostructured interfaces

Schmidt, Thaís Fernandes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Neste projeto estudou-se a interação da enzima peroxidase de raiz forte (HRP) em interfaces nanoestruturadas e sua possível aplicação em biossensores de peróxido de hidrogênio. Foram utilizadas as técnicas de Langmuir, Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) e automontagem por adsorção física para formar filmes nanoestruturados. A interação da enzima com espécies em interfaces foi investigada com materiais que serviram de matrizes de adsorção, ou seja, a quitosana (Ch) e o fosfolipídio 1,2-dipalmitoil-sn-glicero-3-[fosfatidil-rac-(1-glicerol)] (sal de sódio) (DPPG). Os filmes de Langmuir foram caracterizados com medidas de pressão e potencial de superfície, espectroscopia no infravermelho, e tensão superficial dinâmica. Para os filmes LB e automontados, empregaram-se espectroscopias de fluorescência, ultravioleta-visível e infravermelho e microgravimetria por cristal de quartzo. A peroxidase de raiz forte apresentou forte interação com DPPG, confirmada em filmes de Langmuir por medidas de pressão de superfície, elasticidade dinâmica e de espectroscopia de reflexão e absorção no infravermelho, com modulação por polarização (PM-IRRAS). A massa de peroxidase transferida em filmes Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) mistos com DPPG foi de aproximadamente 200 ng...

Caracterização eletroquímica de filmes nanoestruturados de óxido de manganês e de vanádio em líquidos iônicos: aplicação em baterias de lítio e supercapacitores; Electrochemical characterization of nanostructured films of manganese and vanadium oxide in ionic liquids: lithium batteries and supercapacitors application.

Benedetti, Tânia Machado
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/05/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este trabalho apresenta a preparação de filmes nanoestruturados de óxido de manganês e de vanádio por diferentes técnicas e a sua caracterização eletroquímica utilizando diferentes líquidos iônicos como eletrólito. Os filmes de óxido de manganês foram preparados por automontagem camada-por-camada e por eletrodeposição assistida por molde de nanoesferas de poliestireno. Os filmes de óxido de vanádio foram preparados também por automontagem camada-por-camada e por deposição eletroforética. Diversos aspectos relacionados ao uso dos líquidos iônicos como eletrólitos foram discutidos: os resultados obtidos para os filmes de óxido de manganês por automontagem camada-por-camada mostraram que os íons do líquido iônico participam do processo de compensação de carga superficialmente e que o cátion do líquido iônico, apesar de mais volumoso, apresenta coeficiente de difusão maior que o Li+, formando uma barreira à intercalação dos mesmos na estrutura do material. A partir dos resultados obtidos para os filmes de óxido de manganês por eletrodeposição assistida por nanoesferas de poliestireno, foi possível verificar que o desempenho do sistema depende da natureza do líquido iônico utilizado, sendo possível obter desempenho superior aos solventes orgânicos convencionais com um dos líquidos iônicos utilizados do ponto de vista da ciclabilidade. Desempenho superior aos eletrólitos convencionais também foi observado para os filmes de óxido de vanádio obtidos por automontagem camada-por-camada. Por fim...

Filmes automontados e Langmuir-Blodgett de compostos azoaromáticos; Layer-by-layer and Langmuir-Blodgett films of azoaromatic compounds

Santos Junior, David Sotero dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/05/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.303057%
Nesta tese foi explorado o controle de arquitetura molecular pelo uso das técnicas de Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) e automontagem (LBL) para produzir filmes nanoestruturados de azopolímeros e azocorantes de baixa massa molecular. A primeira contribuição foi a síntese química de azopolímeros, nos quais os grupos azo são ligados covalentemente a uma cadeia polimérica. Para produção de filmes LBL, que requer compostos solúveis em água, fez-se a sulfonação do PAZO (poli(p-azofenileno)) resultando no PAZOS (poli(p-azofenileno sulfonado)). Este azopolímero conjugado apresentou luminescência em solução, confirmando cálculos teóricos, mas não em filmes LBL com poli(alilamina) (PAH). Os filmes LBL são condutores elétricos quando dopados com iodo e têm propriedades de birrefringência opticamente induzida. A fotoindução da birrefringência com laser linearmente polarizado foi muito lenta, com tempos consideravelmente maiores que em outros filmes LBL, devido não só às interações eletrostáticas, mas também à rigidez da cadeia conjugada. Outro polímero sintetizado foi o DR19CL-IPDI, que é solúvel em clorofórmio e foi utilizado para fabricação de filmes de Langmuir e LB. Os filmes LB só puderam ser produzidos utilizando a estratégia de co-espalhamento com estearato de cádmio (CdSt). Os experimentos de birrefringência opticamente induzida indicaram que os filmes LB de DR19CL-IPDI/CdSt têm maior birrefringência que os outros azopolímeros derivados de poliuretanos...

Fabrication and characterization of chemical sensors made from nanostructured films of poly(o-ethoxyaniline) prepared with different doping acids

Brugnollo, E. D.; Paterno, L. G.; Leite, F. L.; Fonseca, F. J.; Constantino, C. J. L.; Antunes, P. A.; Mattoso, L. H. C.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Sa Publicador: Elsevier B.V. Sa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 3274-3281
ENG
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Chemical sensors made from nanostructured films of poly(o-ethoxyaniline) POEA and poly(sodium 4-styrene sulfonate) PSS are produced and used to detect and distinguish 4 chemicals in solution at 20 mM, including sucrose, NaCl, HCl, and caffeine. These substances are used in order to mimic the 4 basic tastes recognized by humans, namely sweet, salty, sour, and bitter, respectively. The sensors are produced by the deposition of POEA/PSS films at the top of interdigitated microelectrodes via the layer-by-layer technique, using POEA solutions containing different dopant acids. Besides the different characteristics of the POEA/PSS films investigated by UV-Vis and Raman spectroscopies, and by atomic force microscopy.. it is observed that their electrical response to the different chemicals in liquid media is very fast, in the order of seconds, systematical, reproducible, and extremely dependent on the type of acid used for film fabrication. The responses of the as-prepared sensors are reproducible and repetitive after many cycles of operation. Furthermore, the use of an "electronic tongue" composed by an array of these sensors and principal component analysis as pattern recognition tool allows one to reasonably distinguish test solutions according to their chemical composition. (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Natural Polysaccharides as Active Biomaterials in Nanostructured Films for Sensing

Eiras, Carla; Santos, Amanda C.; Zampa, Maysa F.; Facundo de Brito, Ana Cristina; Leopoldo Constantino, Carlos J.; Zucolotto, Valtencir; dos Santos, Jose R.
Fonte: Vsp Bv Publicador: Vsp Bv
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1533-1543
ENG
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Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); The search for natural, biocompatible and degradable materials amenable to be used in biomedical/analytical applications has attracted attention, either from the environmental or medical point of view. Examples are the polysaccharides extracted from natural gums, which have found applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries as stabilizers or thickening agent. In a previous paper, however, it was shown that a Brazilian natural gum, chicha ( Sterculia striata), is suitable for application as building block for nanostructured film fabrication in conjunction with phthalocyanines. The films displayed electroactivity and could be used in sensing. In the present paper, we introduce the use of two different natural gums, viz., angico (Anadenanthera colubrina) and caraia (Sterculia urens), as active biomaterials to be used to modification layers, in the form of nanostructured thin films, including the study of dopamine detection. The multilayer films were assembled in conjunction with nickel tetrasulfonated phthalocyanines (NiTsPC) and displayed good chemical and electrochemical stability...

Nanostructured films employed as sensing units in an electronic tongue system

da Silva, B. A.; Antunes, P. A.; Pasquini, D.; Curvelo, A. A. S.; Aroca, R. F.; Riul, A.; Constantino, C. J. L.
Fonte: Amer Scientific Publishers Publicador: Amer Scientific Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 510-514
ENG
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Nanostructured films of lignin (macromolecule extracted from sugar cane bagasse), polypyrrole (conducting polymer) and bis butylimido perylene (organic dye) were used in the detection of trace levels of fluorine (from H2SiF6), chlorine (from NaCIO), Pb+2, Cu+2, and Cd+2 in aqueous solutions. Langmuir monolayers on ultrapure water were characterised by surface pressure-mean molecular area (II-A) isotherms. Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films were transferred onto gold interdigitated electrodes and used as individual sensing units of an electronic tongue system. Impedance spectroscopy measurements were taken with the sensor immersed into aqueous solutions containing the ions described above in different molar concentrations. Fourier transform infrared absorption (FTIR) was employed to identify possible interactions between the LB films and the analytes in solution, and no significant changes could be observed in the FTIR spectra of BuPTCD and Ppy. Therefore, the results for lignin point to an interaction involving the electronic cloud of the phenyl groups with the metallic ions.

Nanostructured films of perylene derivatives: High performance materials for taste sensor applications

Constantino, C. J L; Antunes, P. A.; Venancio, E. C.; Consolin, N.; Fonseca, F. J.; Mattoso, L. H C; Aroca, R. F.; Oliveira, O. N.; Riul, A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 95-101
ENG
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58.468643%
Four perylene derivatives (PTCD) have been used as transducing materials in taste sensors fabricated with nanostructured Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films deposited onto interdigitated gold electrodes. The Langmuir monolayers of PTCDs display considerable collapse pressures, with areas per molecule indicative of an edge-on or head-on arrangement for the molecules at the air/water interface. The sensing units for the electronic tongue were produced from 5-layer LB films of the four PTCDs, whose electrical response was characterized with impedance spectroscopy. The distinct responses of the PTCDs, attributed to differences in their molecular structures, allowed one to obtain a finger printing system that was able to distinguish tastes (salty, sweet, bitter and sour) at 1 μM concentrations, which, in some cases, are three orders of magnitude below the human threshold. Using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) data analysis, the electronic tongue also detected trace amounts of a pesticide and could distinguish among samples of ultrapure, distilled and tap water, and two brands of mineral water. © 2004 by American Scientific Publishers. All rights reserved.

Immunosensor based on immobilization of antigenic peptide NS5A-1 from HCV and silk fibroin in nanostructured films

Moraes, Marli L.; Lima, Lais R.; Silva, Robson R.; Cavicchioli, Mauricio; Ribeiro, Sidney J.L.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 3829-3834
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.9878%
The peptide NS5A-1 (PPLLESWKDPDYVPPWHG), derived from hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5A protein, was immobilized into layer-by-layer (LbL) silk fibroin (SF) films. Deposition was monitored by UV-vis absorption measurements at each bilayer deposited. The interaction SF/peptide film induced secondary structure in NS5A-1 as indicated by fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) measurements. Voltammetric sensor (SF/NS5A-1) properties were observed when the composite film was tested in the presence of anti-HCV. The peptide-silk fibroin interaction studied here showed new architectures for immunosensors based on antigenic peptides and SF as a suitable immobilization matrix. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Structural and Electrochemical Properties of Lutetium Bis-Octachloro-Phthalocyaninate Nanostructured Films. Application as Voltammetric Sensors

Alessio, P.; Apetrei, C.; Rubira, R. J. G.; Constantino, C. J. L.; Medina-Plaza, C.; De Saja, J. A.; Rodriguez-Mendez, M. L.
Fonte: Amer Scientific Publishers Publicador: Amer Scientific Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 6754-6763
ENG
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Thin films of the bis[2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octachlorophthalocyaninate] lutetium(III) complex (LuPc2Cl32) have been prepared by the Langmuir-Blodgett and the Langmuir-Schaefer (LS) techniques. The influence of the chlorine substituents in the structure of the films and in their spectroscopic, electrochemical and sensing properties has been evaluated. The pi-A isotherms exhibit a monolayer stability greater than the observed in the unsubstituted analogue (LuPc2), being easily transferred to solid substrates, also in contrast to LuPc2. The LB and LS films present a linear growth forming stratified layers, monitored by UV-VIS absorption spectroscopy. The latter also revealed the presence of LuPc2Cl32 in the form of monomers and aggregates in both films. The FTIR data showed that the LuPc2Cl32 molecules present a non-preferential arrangement in both films. Monolayers of LB and LS were deposited onto 6 nm Ag island films to record surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS), leading to enhancement factors close to 2 x 10(3). Finally, LB and LS films deposited onto ITO glass have been successfully used as voltammetric sensors for the detection of catechol. The improved electroactivity of the LB and LS films has been confirmed by the reduction of the overpotential of the oxidation of catechol. The enhancement of the electrocatalytic effect observed in LB and LS films is the result of the nanostructured arrangement of the surface which increases the number of active sites. The sensors show a limit of detection in the range of 10(-5) mol/L.

Nanostructured polymeric coatings based on chitosan and dopamine-modified hyaluronic acid for biomedical applications

Neto, Ana I.; Cibrão, Ana; Correia, Clara R.; Carvalho, Rita R.; Luz, Gisela; Ferrer, Glória G.; Botelho, Gabriela; Picart, Catherine; Alves, N. M.; Mano, J. F.
Fonte: John Wiley & Sons Publicador: John Wiley & Sons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.33039%
In a marine environment, specific proteins are secreted by mussels and used as a bioglue to stick to a surface. These mussel proteins present an unusual amino acid 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (known as DOPA). The outstanding adhesive properties of these materials in the sea harsh conditions have been attributed to the presence of the catechol groups present in DOPA. Inspired by the structure and composition of these adhesive proteins, we used dopamine-modified hyaluronic acid (HA-DN) prepared by carbodiimide chemistry to form thin and surface-adherent dopamine films. This conjugate was characterized by distinct techniques, such as nuclear magnetic resonance and ultraviolet spectrophotometry. Multilayer films were developed based on chitosan and HA-DN to form polymeric coatings using the layer-by-layer methodology. The nanostructured films formation was monitored by quartz crystal microbalance. The film surface was characterized by atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Water contact angle measurements were also conducted. The adhesion properties were analyzed showing that the nanostructured films with dopamine promote an improved adhesion. In vitro tests showed an enhanced cell adhesion, proliferation and viability for the biomimetic films with catechol groups...

Antimicrobial nanostructured starch based films for packaging

Abreu, Ana S.; Oliveira, M.; Rodrigues, Rui M.; Cerqueira, M. A.; Vicente, A. A.; Machado, A. V.; Sá, Arsénio de
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/09/2015 ENG
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Montmorillonite modied with a quaternary ammonium salt C30B/starch nanocomposite (C30B/ST-NC), silver nanoparticles/starch nanocomposite (Ag-NPs/ST-NC) and both silver nanoparticles/C30B/starch nanocomposites (Ag-NPs/C30B/ST-NC) films were produced. The nanoclay (C30B) was dispersed in a starch solution using an ultrasonic probe. Different concentrations of Ag-NPs (0.3, 0.5, 0.8 and 1.0 mM) were synthesized directly in starch and in clay/starch solutions via chemical reduction method. Dispersion of C30B silicate layers and Ag-NPs in ST films characterized by X-ray and scanning electron microscopy showed that the presence of Ag-NPs enhanced clay dispersion. Color and opacity measurements, barrier properties (water vapor and oxygen permeabilities), dynamic mechanical analysis and contact angle were evaluated and related with the incorporation of C30B and Ag-NPs. Films presented antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia Coli and Candida Albicans without significant differences between Ag-NPs concentrations. The migration of components from the nanostructured starch films, assessed by food contact tests, was minor and under the legal limits. These results indicated that the starch films incorporated with C30B and Ag-NPs have potential to be used as packaging nanostructured material.

Charge transport and recombination of dye sensitized 1D nanostructured-TiO2 films prepared by reactive sputtering

Sequeira, S.; Lobato, K.; Torres, Erica; Brites, Maria João; Barreiros, Maria Alexandra; Mascarenhas, João
Fonte: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia Publicador: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.44437%
Dye sensitized solar cells (DSCs) are governed by light absorption, charge injection, electron transport and recombination and electrolyte diffusion. One way to improve the efficiency of these devices is by the design of highly ordered nanostructured semiconductor materials.The advantages can be two-fold: Firstly charge transport within the metal-oxide can be enhanced and hence thicker films can be employed and secondly, the complete permeation with a solid-state hole-transport medium of the sensitized metal-oxide can be facilitated. Nanostructured materials should promote vectorial electron diffusion and have as few recombination sights as possible so as to further enhance electron lifetimes and electron collection efficiencies. These materials should also have a high surface area so as to allow for efficient dye-loading and hence light absorption. Highly ordered TiO2 nanostructured films were prepared by reactive sputtering and their charge transport characteristics evaluated in DSCs. These were compared to DSCs employing mesoporous TiO2 films prepared by doctor blade technique using commercial paste. Charge transport characteristics were evaluated by impedance spectroscopy (IS), incident photon to current conversion efficiencies (IPCE) and current-voltage (iV) curves under simulated AM1.5G irradiation. Film morphology and structural properties were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...

Synthesis and Applications of Nanostructured Mesoporous Organosilica Films and Monoliths

Du, Jenny
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
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Surfactant-templated, sol-gel based methodologies for the synthesis of tailored, nanostructured, hybrid inorganic–organic materials are incredibly powerful and versatile. Although growth in this field has been explosive in recent decades, a lot of room remains to contribute to the design and synthesis of new materials, as well as the development of advanced applications. In the work described herein, we firstly explored the synthesis of thick, mesoporous organosilica films and their application as functional coatings for solution-based, fibre-optic heavy metal sensors. Notably, sub-ppm level detection was observed for the detection of Pb(II) in mixed aqueous–organic media in short timeframes, and progress has been made toward synthesizing organotitania films that would allow for heavy metal sensing in purely aqueous solution. Furthermore, the utility of these types of surfactant-templated, organically-functionalized, mesostructured coatings has been preliminarily extended to other types of optical devices for heavy metal sensing. We have also explored the use of designer amphiphilic, alkyl oligosiloxane precursors for the tightly-controlled formation of thin, self-templated, hybrid nanostructured films. Moreover, films bearing uniaxial 2D hexagonal alignment over macroscopic length scales were obtained using polymer-treated substrates to control the interfacial interactions between the film precursors and the substrate surface. In addition...