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Preparation, characterization and in vitro cytotoxicity of BSA-based nanospheres containing nanosized magnetic particles and/or photosensitizer

RODRIGUES, Marcilene M. A.; SIMIONI, Andreza R.; PRIMO, Fernando L.; SIQUEIRA-MOURA, Marigilson P.; MORAIS, Paulo C.; TEDESCO, Antonio C.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.106685%
This study reports on the preparation, characterization and in vitro toxicity test of a new nano-drug delivery system (NDDS) based on bovine serum albumin (BSA) nanospheres which incorporates surface-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) and/or the silicon(IV) phthalocyanine (NzPc). The new NDDS was engineered for use in photodynamic therapy (PDT) combined with hyperthermia (HPT) to address cancer treatment. The BSA-based nanospheres, hosting NzPc, MNP or both (NzPc and MNP), present spherical shape with hydrodynamic average diameter values ranging from 170 to 450 nm and zeta potential of around -23 mV. No difference on the fluorescence spectrum of the encapsulated NzPc was found regardless of the presence of MNP. Time-dependent fluorescence measurements of the encapsulated NzPc revealed a bi-exponential decay for samples incorporating only NzPc and NzPc plus MNP, in the time window ranging from 1.70 to 5.20 ns. The in vitro assay, using human fibroblasts, revealed no cytotoxic effect in all samples investigated, demonstrating the potential of the tested system as a synergistic NDDS. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Photosensitizer-Loaded Magnetic Nanoemulsion for Use in Synergic Photodynamic and Magnetohyperthermia Therapies of Neoplastic Cells

PRIMO, Fernando L.; RODRIGUES, Marcilene M. A.; SIMIONI, Andreza Ribeiro; LACAVA, Zulmira G. M.; MORAIS, Paulo C.; TEDESCO, Antonio C.
Fonte: AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS Publicador: AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In this study a magnetic nanoemulsion (MNE) was developed from a mixture of two components, namely biodegradable surfactants and biocompatible citrate-coated cobalt ferrite-based magnetic fluid, for entrapment of Zn(II)-Phthalocyanine (ZnPc), the latter a classical photosensitizer (PS) species used in photodynamic therapy (PDT) procedures. The sample`s stability was evaluated as a function of time using photocorrelation spectroscopy (PCS) for determination of the average hydrodynamic diameter, diameter dispersion and zeta potential. The ZnPc-loaded magneto nanoemulstion (ZnPc/MNE) formulation was evaluated in vitro assays to access the phototoxicity and the effect of application of AC magnetic fields (magnetohyperthermia damage) after incubation with J774-A1 macrophages cells. Darkness toxicity, phototoxicity and AC magnetic field exposures revealed an enhancement response for combined photodynamic and magnetohyperthermia (MHT) processes, indicating the presence of the synergic effect.; MCT/CNPq; FAPESP[06/50562-1]; FAPESP[04/00860-0]

Effect of Diode-Laser and AC Magnetic Field of Bovine Serum Albumin Nanospheres Loaded with Phthalocyanine and Magnetic Particles

SIMIONI, Andreza Ribeiro; RODRIGUES, Marcilene M. A.; PRIMO, Fernando L.; MORAIS, Paulo C.; TEDESCO, Antonio Claudio
Fonte: AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS Publicador: AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.951184%
This study reports on the development and characterization of bovine serum albumin (BSA) nanospheres containing Silicon(IV) phthalocyanine (NzPc) and/or maghemite nanoparticles (MNP), the latter introduced via ionic magnetic fluid (MF). The nanosized BSA-loaded samples were designed for synergic application while combining Photodynamic Therapy and Hyperthermia. Incorporation of MNP in the albumin-based template, allowing full control of the magnetic content, was accomplished by adding a highly-stable ionic magnetic fluid sample to the albumin suspension, following heat denaturing. The material`s evaluation was performed using Zeta potential measurements and scanning electron microscopy. The samples were characterized by steady-state techniques and time-resolved fluorescence. The in vitro assay, using human fibroblasts, revealed no cytotoxic effect in all samples investigated, demonstrating the potential of the tested system as a synergistic drug delivery system.; (FAPES)[09/51729-5]; (FAPES)[09/15363-6]; (FAPES)[07/01548-9]

Single-step chemical synthesis of ferrite hollow nanospheres

Lima Junior, Enio; VARGAS, Jose M.; ZYSLER, Roberto D.; Rechenberg, Hercilio Rodolfo; Cohen, Renato; ARBIOL, Jordi; Goya, Gerardo Fabian; IBARRA, Alfonso; IBARRA, M. Ricardo
Fonte: IOP PUBLISHING LTD Publicador: IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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We report a single-step chemical synthesis of iron oxide hollow nanospheres with 9.3 nm in diameter. The sample presents a narrow particle diameter distribution and chemical homogeneity. The hollow nature of the particles is confirmed by HRTEM and HAADF STEM analysis. Electron and x-ray diffraction show that the outer material component is constituted by 2 nm ferrite crystals. Mossbauer data provide further evidence for the formation of iron oxide with high structural disorder, magnetically ordered at 4.2 K and superparamagnetism at room temperature. An unusual magnetic behavior under an applied field is reported, which can be explained by the large fraction of atoms existing at both inner and outer surfaces.; Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT); ANPCyT; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de Argentina (CONICET); CONICET; UNCuyo; UNCuyo; Spanish MEC; Spanish MEC[NAN200626646-E]

Iron(III) Porphyrin Covalently Supported onto Magnetic Amino-Functionalized Nanospheres as Catalyst for Hydrocarbon and Herbicide Oxidations

Santos, Joicy Santamalvina dos; Faria, Andre L.; da Silva Amorin, Patricia M.; La Luna, Franco M.; Caiado, Kely L.; Silva, Debora O. C. e; Sartoratto, Patricia P. C.; Assis, Marilda das Dores de
Fonte: SOC BRASILEIRA QUIMICA; SAO PAULO Publicador: SOC BRASILEIRA QUIMICA; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.189336%
This work describes the covalent immobilization of an ironporphyrin, 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin iron(III) chloride (FeTFPP), onto maghemite/silica magnetic nanospheres covered with aminofunctionalized silica. The resulting material (gamma-Fe2O3/SiO2-NHFeP) was characterized by diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy. The catalytic activity of this magnetic ironporphyrin was investigated in the oxidation of hydrocarbons (styrene, (Z)-cyclooctene and R-(+)-limonene) and an herbicide (simazine) by hydrogen peroxide or 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. Hydrocarbon and simazine oxidation reaction products were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. This catalytic system proved to be efficient and selective for hydrocarbon oxidation, leading to high product yields from styrene (89%), cyclooctene (71%) and R-(+) -limonene (86%). Simazine oxidation was attained with 100% selectivity for a dechlorinated product (OEAT), while several oxidation products were obtained for the same catalyst in homogeneous media. The catalyst can be easily recovered through application of an external magnetic field and washed after reaction. Catalyst reuse experiments for R-(+)-limonene oxidation have shown that the catalytic activity is kept at 90% after 10 consecutive reactions.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES); Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)

Iron(III) porphyrin covalently supported onto magnetic amino-functionalized nanospheres as catalyst for hydrocarbon and herbicide oxidations

Santos, Joicy S. dos; Faria, André L.; Amorin, Patrícia M. da Silva; Luna, Franco M. La; Caiado, Kely L.; Silva, Débora O.C. e; Sartoratto, Patrícia P. C.; Assis, Marilda D.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.189336%
This work describes the covalent immobilization of an ironporphyrin, 5,10,15,20- tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin iron(III) chloride (FeTFPP), onto maghemite/silica magnetic nanospheres covered with aminofunctionalized silica. The resulting material (γ-Fe2O3/SiO2-NHFeP) was characterized by diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy. The catalytic activity of this magnetic ironporphyrin was investigated in the oxidation of hydrocarbons (styrene, (Z)-cyclooctene and R-(+)-limonene) and an herbicide (simazine) by hydrogen peroxide or 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. Hydrocarbon and simazine oxidation reaction products were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. This catalytic system proved to be efficient and selective for hydrocarbon oxidation, leading to high product yields from styrene (89%), cyclooctene (71%) and R-(+)-limonene (86%). Simazine oxidation was attained with 100% selectivity for a dechlorinated product (OEAT), while several oxidation products were obtained for the same catalyst in homogeneous media. The catalyst can be easily recovered through application of an external magnetic field and washed after reaction. Catalyst reuse experiments for R-(+)-limonene oxidation have shown that the catalytic activity is kept at 90% after 10 consecutive reactions.

Estudo da imobilização de fotossensibilizadores em nanomateriais magnéticos; Studies on the immobilization of photosensitizers in magnetic nanomaterials

Vono, Lucas Lucchiari Ribeiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/11/2010 PT
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A imobilização de fotossensibilizadores (FS) em materiais nanométricos tem se mostrado uma excelente alternativa ao seu emprego na forma molecular para terapia fotodinâmica (PDT). O presente trabalho descreve uma série de estratégias sintéticas desenvolvidas para a imobilização de FS em nanoesferas de sílica contendo núcleos magnéticos, bem como o estudo das propriedades foto-químicas, foto-físicas e morfológicas dos nanomateriais obtidos. Os FS utilizados foram o azul de metileno, tionina, azure A, protoporfirina IX, hematoporfirina IX e clorofilina. As metodologias de imobilização empregadas envolveram a adição do FS durante o crescimento da camada de sílica ou a ligação do FS na superfície do nanomaterial já formado. Em alguns casos foi necessário modificar previamente o FS com organossilanos. Os núcleos magnéticos foram preparados por co-precipitação de sais de ferro(II) e ferro(III) em meio básico e o revestimento com sílica foi realizado utilizando-se tetraetilortossilicato em uma microemulsão. Os núcleos magnéticos revestidos com uma camada de sílica mantiveram o comportamento superparamagnético. Para a tionina e o azul de metileno não foi detectada geração de oxigênio singlete após a imobilização. Para o azure A...

Nanobastões magnéticos baseados em FePt: síntese, caracterização e auto-organização visando aplicação em gravação magnética de ultra-alta densidade; Magnetics FePt nanorods: synthesis, characterization and self-assembly for ultra-high magnetic density recording application

Silva, Tiago Luis da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/02/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Recentemente, nanopartículas (NP) de FePt de fase tetragonal de face centrada (fct) em sistemas auto-organizados tem sido sintetizados como potenciais candidatos para gravação magnética de ultra-alta densidade (UHMR), devido a sua elevada anisotropia magnetocristalina. Entretanto, o alinhamento magnético de NP esféricas tem sido constantemente um problema, pois os eixos de fácil magnetização das NP permanecem randomicamente orientados nas três direções. Na tentativa de superar os problemas decorrentes da falta de alinhamento magnético, trabalhos recentes sugerem que NP alongadas em sistemas auto-organizados orientados perpendicularmente a superfície do substrato como possível solução para a textura e alinhamento magnético. Até o presente momento, as sínteses de nanobastões (NB) e de nanofios (NF) de FePt reportadas na literatura levam a obtenção de NP na fase cúbica de face centrada (fcc), a qual possui baixa anisotropia magnetocristalina e se mostrou termicamente instável, resultando em NP esferoidais após o processo de recozimento para a transformação da fase fcc para fct. Neste trabalho, NP de Fe55Pt55 com tamanho e composição química controlada e morfologia de nanofios e nanobastões foram sintetizadas através da adequação do método do poliol modificado. Além disso...

Observação de vórtices magnéticos em calotas tridimensionais submicrométricas; Magnetic vortex observation in sub-micrometric tri-dimensional caps

Márcio Medeiros Soares
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/03/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Neste trabalho fizemos um estudo sistemático de filmes compostos por multicamadas Co/Pd depositados sobre arranjos auto-organizados de esferas de látex submicrométricas (50 ? 1000 nm). O filme depositado sobre a esfera (não-magnética) forma uma calota magnética com espessura variável. As espessuras de Co e Pd foram escolhidas de modo a obter duas classes de multicamadas, uma com anisotropia intrínseca perpendicular e outra com anisotropia intrínseca planar, quando depositadas sobre um substrato plano. Os arranjos de calotas com anisotropia intrínseca perpendicular que produzimos têm um comportamento magnético que reproduz resultados publicados recentemente na literatura. Para os sistemas com anisotropia intrínseca planar a microestrutura magnética é profundamente dependente da forma tridimensional da calota, assim como do seu tamanho. A investigação destas calotas envolveu caracterizações magnéticas por efeito Hall extraordinário, efeito Kerr magneto-ótico e SQUID, análise estrutural por microscopia eletrônica de transmissão (TEM) e sondagem da configuração da magnetização por microscopia de força magnética (MFM). Para esferas menores (diâmetros de 50 e 100 nm), as imagens de TEM mostram que as calotas segmentam-se em nanopilares orientados radialmente. Em concordância com as caracterizações magnéticas...

Biofunctionalized magnetic hydrogel nanospheres of magnetite and k-carrageenan

Daniel-da-Silva, Ana L; Fateixa, Sara; Guiomar, António J; Costa, Benilde F O; Silva, Nuno J O; Trindade, Tito; Goodfellow, Brian J; Gil, Ana M
Fonte: Institute of Physics Publicador: Institute of Physics
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Magnetic hydrogel κ-carrageenan nanospheres were successfully prepared via water-in-oil (w/o) microemulsions combined with thermally induced gelation of the polysaccharide. The size of the nanospheres (an average diameter ( ) of about 50 and 75 nm) was modulated by varying the concentration of surfactant. The nanospheres contained superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles ( 8 nm), previously prepared by co-precipitation within the biopolymer. Carboxyl groups, at a concentration of about 4 mmol g−1, were successfully grafted at the surface of these magnetic nanospheres via carboxymethylation of the κ-carrageenan. The carboxylated nanospheres were shown to be thermo-sensitive in the 37–45 ◦C temperature range, indicating their potential as thermally controlled delivery systems for drugs and/or magnetic particles at physiological temperatures. Finally, preliminary results have been obtained for IgG antibody conjugation of the carboxylated nanospheres and the potential of these systems for bio-applications is discussed.

Iron(III) porphyrin covalently supported onto magnetic amino-functionalized nanospheres as catalyst for hydrocarbon and herbicide oxidations

Santos,Joicy S. dos; Faria,André L.; Amorin,Patrícia M. da Silva; Luna,Franco M. La; Caiado,Kely L.; Silva,Débora O.C. e; Sartoratto,Patrícia P. C.; Assis,Marilda D.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.189336%
This work describes the covalent immobilization of an ironporphyrin, 5,10,15,20- tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin iron(III) chloride (FeTFPP), onto maghemite/silica magnetic nanospheres covered with aminofunctionalized silica. The resulting material (γ-Fe2O3/SiO2-NHFeP) was characterized by diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy. The catalytic activity of this magnetic ironporphyrin was investigated in the oxidation of hydrocarbons (styrene, (Z)-cyclooctene and R-(+)-limonene) and an herbicide (simazine) by hydrogen peroxide or 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. Hydrocarbon and simazine oxidation reaction products were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. This catalytic system proved to be efficient and selective for hydrocarbon oxidation, leading to high product yields from styrene (89%), cyclooctene (71%) and R-(+)-limonene (86%). Simazine oxidation was attained with 100% selectivity for a dechlorinated product (OEAT), while several oxidation products were obtained for the same catalyst in homogeneous media. The catalyst can be easily recovered through application of an external magnetic field and washed after reaction. Catalyst reuse experiments for R-(+)-limonene oxidation have shown that the catalytic activity is kept at 90% after 10 consecutive reactions.

HER-2-mediated endocytosis of magnetic nanospheres and the implications in cell targeting and particle magnetization

Wuang, Shy Chyi; Neoh, Koon Gee; Kang, En-Tang; Pack, Daniel W.; Leckband, Deborah E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.51934%
Polypyrrole-Fe3O4 nanospheres were synthesized via an emulsion polymerization method with hyaluronic acid as the surfactant. Hyaluronic acid offers the advantages of biocompatibility, cell adhesive property and the availability of functional groups for attachment of other molecules. The nanospheres were further functionalized with herceptin, and the efficacy of uptake of the functionalized nanospheres by human breast cancer cells was evaluated. It is envisioned that the combination of hyaluronic acid with its cell adhesive property and herceptin would result in high efficacy of internalization of the nanospheres by the cancer cells via a HER-2-mediated endocytosis. Our results showed that this is indeed the case and that the high concentration of herceptin-functionalized magnetic nanospheres in the cancer cells offers great potential in cancer cell-targeting and treatment. In addition, the magnetic property of these nanospheres was also critically investigated and magnetization was found to be affected by the particles’ environment. The combination of these cell-targeting magnetic carriers with chemotherapeutic agents will be highly advantageous for the preferential killing of cancer cells in hyperthermia treatment.

Alternating Magnetic Field Controlled, Multifunctional Nano-Reservoirs: Intracellular Uptake and Improved Biocompatibility

Ghosh, Santaneel; GhoshMitra, Somesree; Cai, Tong; Diercks, David R; Mills, Nathaniel C; Hynds, DiAnna L
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/10/2009 EN
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Biocompatible magnetic nanoparticles hold great therapeutic potential, but conventional particles can be toxic. Here, we report the synthesis and alternating magnetic field dependent actuation of a remotely controllable, multifunctional nano-scale system and its marked biocompatibility with mammalian cells. Monodisperse, magnetic nanospheres based on thermo-sensitive polymer network poly(ethylene glycol) ethyl ether methacrylate-co-poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate were synthesized using free radical polymerization. Synthesized nanospheres have oscillating magnetic field induced thermo-reversible behavior; exhibiting desirable characteristics comparable to the widely used poly-N-isopropylacrylamide-based systems in shrinkage plus a broader volumetric transition range. Remote heating and model drug release were characterized for different field strengths. Nanospheres containing nanoparticles up to an iron concentration of 6 mM were readily taken up by neuron-like PC12 pheochromocytoma cells and had reduced toxicity compared to other surface modified magnetic nanocarriers. Furthermore, nanosphere exposure did not inhibit the extension of cellular processes (neurite outgrowth) even at high iron concentrations (6 mM), indicating minimal negative effects in cellular systems. Excellent intracellular uptake and enhanced biocompatibility coupled with the lack of deleterious effects on neurite outgrowth and prior Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of PEG-based carriers suggest increased therapeutic potential of this system for manipulating axon regeneration following nervous system injury.

Folate/NIR 797-Conjugated Albumin Magnetic Nanospheres: Synthesis, Characterisation, and In Vitro and In Vivo Targeting Evaluation

Tang, Qiusha; An, Yanli; Liu, Dongfang; Liu, Peidang; Zhang, Dongsheng
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/09/2014 EN
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A practical and effective strategy for synthesis of Folate-NIR 797-conjugated Magnetic Albumin Nanospheres (FA-NIR 797-MAN) was developed. For this strategy, Magnetic Albumin Nanospheres (MAN), composed of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) and bovine serum albumin (BSA), were covalently conjugated with folic acid (FA) ligands to enhance the targeting capability of the particles to folate receptor (FR) over-expressing tumours. Subsequently, a near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent dye NIR 797 was conjugated with FA-conjugated MAN for in vivo fluorescence imaging. The FA-NIR 797-MAN exhibited low toxicity to a human nasopharyngeal epidermal carcinoma cell line (KB cells). Additionally, in vitro and in vivo evaluation of the dynamic behaviour and targeting ability of FA-NIR 797-MAN to KB tumours validated the highly selective affinity of FA-NIR 797-MAN for FR-positive tumours. In summary, the FA-NIR 797-MAN prepared here exhibited great potential for tumour imaging, since the near-infrared fluorescence contrast agents target cells via FR-mediated endocytosis. The high fluorescence intensity together with the targeting effect makes FA-NIR 797-MAN a promising candidate for imaging, monitoring, and early diagnosis of cancer at the molecular and cellular levels.

Nanoesferas magnéticas: estudo do sistema maghemita/sílica; Magnetic nanospheres: study of the maghemita, silica, stober

Caiado, Kely Lopes
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Química (IQ); Instituto de Química - IQ (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Química (IQ); Instituto de Química - IQ (RG)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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In this work, we synthesized core/shell magnetic composite type consisting of maghemite nanoparticles covered with a coating layer of amino-functionalized silica. The experimental procedure was based on four steps: i) synthesis of magnetite nanoparticles and subsequent oxidation to maghemite, ii) preparation of aqueous colloidal dispersions (ferrofluids), from maghemite nanoparticles with modal diameter of 8.4 nm or 7.2 nm functionalized with citrate ion, iii) preparation of silica magnetic nanospheres (NMS) by the modified Stöber method using different amounts of ferrofluids and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), and iv) functionalization of silica nanospheres with amino groups using aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTS). Sample characteristics of NMS were determined from the iron content measurements, from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and from vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) and they were evaluated on the basis of the synthetic parameters employed, these being the content of magnetic material (nFe/nTEOS = 0.05, nFe/nTEOS = 0.01 e nFe/nTEOS = 0.002) and the type of used ferrofluid; a freshly prepared ferrofluid or an aged ferrofluid. The study of ferrofluids by static magnetic birefringence (SMB) showed that both had aggregates of magnetic nanoparticles...

A modular implementation of dispersive materials for time-domain simulations with application to gold nanospheres at optical frequencies

Baumann, D.; Fumeaux, C.; Hafner, C.; Li, E.
Fonte: Optical Soc Amer Publicador: Optical Soc Amer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
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The development of photonic nano-structures can strongly benefit from full-field electromagnetic (EM) simulations. To this end, geometrical flexibility and accurate material modelling are crucial requirements set on the simulation method. This paper introduces a modular implementation of dispersive materials for time-domain EM simulations with focus on the Finite-Volume Time-Domain (FVTD) method. The proposed treatment can handle electric and magnetic dispersive materials exhibiting multi-pole Debye, Lorentz and Drude models, which can be mixed and combined without restrictions. The presented technique is verified in several illustrative examples, where the backscattering from dispersive spheres is calculated. The amount of flexibility and freedom gained from the proposed implementation will be demonstrated in the challenging simulation of the plasmonic resonance behavior of two gold nanospheres coupled in close proximity, where the dispersive characteristic of gold is approximated by realistic values in the optical frequency range.; D. Baumann, C. Fumeaux, C. Hafner, and E. P. Li

Magnetic silica spheres with large nanopores for nucleic acid adsorption and cellular uptake

Liu, J.; Wang, B.; Hartono, S.; Liu, T.; Kantharidis, P.; Middelberg, A.; Lu, G.; He, L.; Qiao, S.
Fonte: Elsevier Sci Ltd Publicador: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
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Template assisted fabrication of magnetic silica nanospheres with large nanopores (MSNLP) and their adsorption and delivery of nucleic acids are reported in this paper. Silica spheres with controlled particle diameter (~400 nm) and large nanopore size (13-24 nm) are prepared by using Brij56 as a template of mesopore, enabling incorporation of magnetic nanocrystals into the particles under mild neutral synthesis conditions. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and field-dependent magnetisation measurements confirm that the magnetic nanocrystals have been encapsulated into the silica spheres. The saturation magnetisation values of the resulted magnetic-silica nanocomposites are tunable by adjusting the amount of Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanocrystals used in the synthesis process. The nitrogen sorption analysis reveals that mesopores with large pore size exist in the silica matrix. After functionalisation of the silica surface with poly-(l-lysine) (PLL), the nanoparticles show strong adsorption capacity (q(m) ranging from 10 to 22.5 μg/mg) for CpG DNA. We have further demonstrated successful delivery of miRNA into rat proximal tubular epithelial cells, facilitated by efficient cellular uptake of the nanocomposites. This work provides a convenient strategy to prepare MSNLP which can offer a versatile platform for biological applications such as simultaneous drug delivery and magnetic resonance imagining under external magnetic field.; Jian Liu...

Magnetic nanocomposites with mesoporous structures: synthesis and applications

Liu, J.; Qiao, S.; Hu, Q.; Lu, G.
Fonte: Wiley - VCH Verlag GmbH & Co KGaA Publicador: Wiley - VCH Verlag GmbH & Co KGaA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Magnetic nanocomposites with well-defined mesoporous structures, shapes, and tailored properties are of immense scientific and technological interest. This review article is devoted to the progress in the synthesis and applications of magnetic mesoporous materials. The first part briefly reviews various general methods developed for producing magnetic nanoparticles (NPs). The second presents and categorizes the synthesis of magnetic nanocomposites with mesoporous structures. These nanocomposites are broadly categorized into four types: monodisperse magnetic nanocrystals embedded in mesoporous nanospheres, microspheres encapsulating magnetic cores into perpendicularly aligned mesoporous shells, ordered mesoporous materials loaded with magnetic NPs inside the porous channels or cages, and rattle-type magnetic nanocomposites. The third section reviews the potential applications of the magnetic nanocomposites with mesoporous structures in the areas of heath care, catalysis, and environmental separation. The final section offers a summary and future perspectives on the state-of-the art in this area.; Jian Liu, Shi Zhang Qiao, Qiu Hong Hu, and Gao Qing (Max) Lu

Mechanical magnetometry of Cobalt nanospheres deposited by focused electron beam at the tip of ultra-soft cantilevers

Lavenant, Hugo; Naletov, Vladimir V.; Klein, Olivier; De Loubens, Grégoire; Laura, Casado; De Teresa, Jose Maria
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/04/2014
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Using focused-electron-beam-induced deposition, Cobalt magnetic nanospheres with diameter ranging between 100 nm and 300 nm are grown at the tip of ultra-soft cantilevers. By monitoring the mechanical resonance frequency of the cantilever as a function of the applied magnetic field, the hysteresis curve of these individual nanospheres are measured. This enables to evaluate their saturation magnetization, found to be around 430 emu/cm^3 independently of the size of the particle, and to infer that the magnetic vortex state is the equilibrium configuration of these nanospheres at remanence.

Resonantly exited precession motion of three-dimensional vortex core in magnetic nanospheres

Kim, Sang-Koog; Yoo, Myoung-Woo; Lee, Jehyun; Lee, Ha-Youn; Lee, Jae-Hyeok; Gaididei, Yuri; Kravchuk, Volodymyr P.; Sheka, Denis D.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We found resonantly excited precession motions of a three-dimensional vortex core in soft magnetic nanospheres and controllable precession frequency with the sphere diameter 2R, as studied by micromagnetic numerical and analytical calculations. The precession angular frequency for an applied static field $H_{DC}$ is given as $\omega_{MV}= \gamma_{eff} H_{DC}$, where $\gamma_{eff} = \gamma $ is the effective gyromagnetic ratio in collective vortex dynamics, with the gyromagnetic ratio $\gamma$ and the average magnetization component $$ of the ground-state vortex in the core direction. Fitting to the micromagnetic simulation data for $$ yields a simple explicit form of $ = (73.6 \pm 3.4)(l_{ex}/2R)^{2.20 \pm 0.14}$, where $l_{ex}$ is the exchange length of a given material. This dynamic behavior might serve as a foundation for potential bio-applications of size-specific resonant excitation of magnetic vortex-state nanoparticles, for example, magnetic particle resonance imaging.; Comment: 23 pages, 6 figures