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Synthesis, characterization and catalytic evaluation of cubic ordered mesoporous iron-silicon oxides

MARTINS, T. S.; MAHMOUD, A.; Silva, Luis Carlos Cides da; COSENTINO, I. C.; Tabacniks, Manfredo Harri; MATOS, J. R.; FREIRE, R. S.; Fantini, Marcia Carvalho de Abreu
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Iron was successfully incorporated in FDU-1 type cubic ordered mesoporous silica by a simple direct synthesis route. The (Fe/FDU-1) samples were characterized by Rutherford back-scattering spectrometry (RBS), small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). N(2) sorption isotherm, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The resulting material presented an iron content of about 5%. Prepared at the usual acid pH of -0.3, the composite was mostly formed by amorphous silica and hematite with a quantity of Fe(2+) present in the structure. The samples prepared with adjusted pH values (2 and 3.5) were amorphous. The samples` average pore diameter was around 12.0 nm and BET specific surface area was of 680 m(2) g(-1). Although the iron-incorporated material presented larger lattice parameter, about 25 nm compared to pure FDU-1, the Fe/FDU-1 composite still maintained its cubic ordered fcc mesoporous structure before and after the template removal at 540 degrees C. The catalytic performance of Fe/FDU-1 was investigated in the catalytic oxidation of Black Remazol B dye using a catalytic ozonation process. The results indicated that Fe/FDU-1 prepared at the usual acid pH exhibited high catalytic activity in the mineralization of this pollutant when compared to the pure FDU-1. Fe(2)O(3) and Fe/FDU-1 prepared with higher pH of 2 and 3.5. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)

Adsorption of Pb(2+), Cu(2+) and Cd(2+) in FDU-1 silica and FDU-1 silica modified with humic acid

Silva, Luis Carlos Cides da; SANTOS, L. B. O. dos; Abate, Gilberto; Cosentino, Ivana Conte; Fantini, Marcia Carvalho de Abreu; MASINI, J. C.; MATOS, J. R.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Ordered mesoporous silica with cubic structure, type FDU-1, was synthesized under strong acid media using B-50-6600 poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(butilene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer (EO(39)BO(47)EO(39)) and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS). Humic acid (HA) was modified to the synthesis process at a concentration of 1.5 mmol per gram of SiO(2). Thermogravimetry, small angle X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption and high resolution transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the samples. The pristine FDU-1 and FDU-1 with incorporated 1.5 mmol of HA were tested for adsorption of Pb(2+), Cu(2+) and Cd(2+) in aqueous solution. Incorporation of humic acid into the FDU-1 silica afforded an adsorbent with strong affinity for Cd(2+), Cu(2+) and Pb(2+) from single ion solutions. Adsorption of Cu(2+) was significantly enhanced after incorporation of humic acid, a fact that can be explained by the formation of complexes with carboxylic and phenolic groups at low concentrations of the metal cation. The results demonstrated the potential applicability of FDU-1 with incorporated HA in the removal of low concentrations of heavy metal cations from aqueous solution, such as wastewaters, after usual precipitation of metal hydroxides in alkaline medium and proper pH conditioning in the range between 6 and 7. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Covalent attachment of 3,4,9,10-perylenediimides onto the walls of mesoporous molecular sieves MCM-41 and SBA-15

TRINDADE, Fabiane J.; FERNANDES, Glauber J. T.; ARAUJO, Antonio S.; FERNANDES JR., Valter J.; SILVA, Barbara P. G.; NAGAYASU, Rafael Y.; POLITI, Mario J.; CASTRO, Francisco L.; BROCHSZTAIN, Sergio
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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This work describes the covalent grafting of 3,4,9,10-perylenediimides (PDI), which are fluorescent dyes with very interesting optical properties, onto the walls of mesoporous molecular sieves MCM-41 and SBA-15. The mesoporous materials were first treated with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) in anhydrous toluene, generating amine-containing surfaces. The amine-containing materials were then reacted with 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCA), generating surface-grafted PDI. Infrared spectra of the materials showed that the reaction with amino groups took place at both anhydride ends of the PTCA molecule, resulting in surface attached diimides. No sign of unreacted anhydride groups were found. The new materials, designated as MCMN2PDI and SBAN(2)PDI, presented absorption and emission spectra corresponding to weakly coupled PDI chromophores, in contrast to the strongly coupled rings usually found in solid PDI samples. The materials showed a red fluorescence, which could be observed by the naked eye under UV irradiation or with a fluorescence microscope. The PDI-modified mesoporous materials showed electrical conductivity when pressed into a pellet. The results presented here show that the new materials are potentially useful in the design of nanowires. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Production of biodiesel by esterification of palmitic acid over mesoporous aluminosilicate Al-MCM-41

Carmo, Alipio C.; de Souza, Luiz K. C.; da Costa, Carlos E. F.; Longo, Elson; Zamian, Jose R.; da Rocha Filho, Geraldo N.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 461-468
ENG
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Biodiesel has been obtained by esterification of palmitic acid with methanol, ethanol and isopropanol in the presence of Al-MCM-41 mesoporous molecular sieves with Si/Al ratios of 8.16 and 32. The catalytic acids were synthesized at room temperature and characterized by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), thermal analysis (TG/DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen absorption (BET/BJH), infrared spectroscopy (IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The reaction was carried out at 130 degrees C whilst stirring at 500 rpm, with an alcohol/acid molar ratio of 60 and 0.6 wt% catalyst for 2 h. The alcohol reactivity follows the order methanol > ethanol > isopropanol. The catalyst Al-MCM-41 with ratio Si/Al = 8 produced the largest conversion values for the alcohols studied. The data followed a rather satisfactory approximation to first-order kinetics. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Estudos fisico quimicos sobre os estagios iniciais da formação de peneiras moleculares mesoporosas

Carolina Vautier Teixeira Giongo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2000 PT
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Este trabalho teve como objetivo a realização de estudos físico químicos direcionados à obtenção de informações sobre os estágios iniciais envolvidos na formação de peneiras moleculares mesoporosas da famffia M41S, cujo tamanho e formato dos poros é direcionado por arranjos supramoleculares de surfactantes. Os estudos enfocaram os efeitos de ânions silicato, provenientes do silicato de tetrametilamônio (TMASi) na formação de micelas do surfactante catiônico brometo de cetiltrimetilamônio (CTAB), nas transições estruturais dos agregados de CTAB e nas interações intra e intermicelares. Ânions silicato induzem a micelização de monômeros de CTAB em concentrações inferiores às observadas em ausência dos mesmos, o que pode ser entendido em termos da minimização das forças repulsivas entre as porções polares das moléculas do surfactante. As micelas formadas em presença de silicato possuem, em concentrações micelares imediatamente superiores à concentração micelar crítica (cmc), um grau de ionização maior e, provavelmente, um número de agregação médio menor. Tal fato constitui um indicativo de que as interações entre o silicato e os cátions anfifílicos não sejam tão efetivas quanto as existentes entre os ânions brometo e estes últimos. Ainda assim...

Templated mesoporous materials: expectations, facts and challenges

Ribeiro Carrott, M.M.L.
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Aula
ENG
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This presentation included an overview of the main types of the mesoporous structures that can be generated via template processes, addressing the role of surface chemistry on their formation and implications in their properties and applications. Some aspects considered involved the introduction of catalytic functionalities, the important contributions that these model porous solids brought to the testing of fundamentals underlying gas adsorption, previously developed with common mesoporous materials having broad pore size distributions, and also their potential as molecular sieves for big molecules in the liquid phase. Together with the beautiful aspects, some challenges still to overcome, were also mentioned.

Aplicação catalítica de peneiras moleculares básicas micro e mesoporosas

Martins,Leandro; Cardoso,Dilson
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2006 PT
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Catalysis by solid acids has received much attention due to its importance in petroleum refining and petrochemical processes. Relatively few studies have focused on catalysis by bases and even les on using basic molecular sieves. This paper deals with the potential application of micro and mesoporous molecular sieves in base catalysis reactions. The paper is divided in two parts, the first one dedicated to the design of the catalysts and the second to some relevant examples of catalytic reactions, which find a huge field of applications essentially in the synthesis of fine chemicals. Here, recent developments in catalysis by basic molecular sieves and the perspectives of applications in correlated catalytic processes are described.

Adsorção de CO2 em peneiras moleculares micro e mesoporosas

Oliveira,Thiago G.; Machado,Sanny W. M.; Santos,Silvia C. G.; Souza,Marcelo J. B.; Pedrosa,Anne M. Garrido
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 PT
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Microporous molecular sieves of type Y, Beta, ZSM-5, ZSM-12 and ZSM-35, and mesoporous molecular sieves of type MCM-41 and MCM-48, and these sieves modified with triethanolamine and ethylenediamine were obtained and characterized by XRD, FTIR, TGA and nitrogen adsorption. The adsorption tests were performed by the gravimetric method under a stream of CO2 at ambient temperature and pressure. The adsorbents studied showed maximum adsorption capacity of carbon dioxide in the range of 13.1 to 85.5 mg of CO2 per gram of adsorbent.

Application of molecular sieves in the fractionation of lemongrass oil from high-pressure carbon dioxide extraction

Paviani,L.; Pergher,S. B.C.; Dariva,C.
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering Publicador: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2006 EN
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The aim of this work was to study the feasibility of simultaneous process of high-pressure extraction and fractionation of lemongrass essential oil using molecular sieves. For this purpose, a high-pressure laboratory-scale extraction unit coupled with a column with four different stationary phases for fractionation: ZSM5 zeolite, MCM-41 mesoporous material, alumina and silica was employed. Additionally, the effect of carbon dioxide extraction variables on the global yield and chemical composition of the essential oil was also studied in a temperature range of 293 to 313 K and a pressure range of 100 to 200 bar. The volatile organic compounds of the extracts were identified by a gas chromatograph coupled with a mass spectrometer detector (GC/MS). The results indicated that the extraction process variables and the stationary phase exerted an effect on both the extraction yield and the chemical composition of the extracts.

Mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41 synthesis from fluoride media

Bastos,F. S.; Lima,O. A.; Raymundo Filho,C.; Fernandes,L. D.
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering Publicador: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
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A study of the synthesis of MCM-41 mesoporous molecular sieves in fluoride media, having no alkaline metal ions, was performed by changing the gel composition and crystallization temperature and time. X-ray diffraction and nitrogen adsorption analyses showed that highly ordered MCM-41 samples were obtained from gels with a NH4OH/SiO2 molar ratio in the 3.25-4.3 range (room temperature synthesis) or in the 4.3-20 range (24 hours at 373 K). During calcination, unit cell shrinkage, caused by high temperature polycondensation of the SiOH groups, was observed for all samples. The samples synthesized at high temperature (373 K) or using low pH gels (7.5) underwent lower unit cell shrinkage than those obtained at room temperature or high pH (9.0), indicating that the former samples had lower SiOH groups content than the latter. These highly-ordered samples showed large surface area (ca. 1100 m²/g) and pore volume (ca. 0.80 cm³/g), also presenting a narrow pore size distribution. Due to higher silicate polycondensation and a thicker pore wall, the samples synthesized at 373 K were more hydrothermally stable than those obtained at room temperature.

Use of rice husk ash as only source of silica in the formation of mesoporous materials

Schwanke,A. J.; Melo,D. M. A.; Silva,A. O.; Pergher,S. B. C.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Cerâmica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Cerâmica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
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This paper reports the synthesis of molecular sieves similar to MCM-41 using rice husk ash as only source of silica. For comparison purposes, a standard synthesis was performed using aerosil 200 commercial silica. The rice husk silica was obtained by heating treatment at 600 ºC and leaching for 2 h in reflux with HCl 1mol.L-1 and used in the synthesis. The samples prepared were characterized by N2 adsorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TG). By type-IV adsorption isotherms, the formation of mesoporous materials was observed. XRD showed the formation of hexagonal unidirectional pore materials similar to MCM-41. By SEM, it could be observed that the rice husk has fibrous aspect and that synthesis using calcined and leached rice husk did not react entirely because silica was only partially dissolved.

Covalent Anchoring of Chloroperoxidase and Glucose Oxidase on the Mesoporous Molecular Sieve SBA-15

Jung, Dirk; Streb, Carsten; Hartmann, Martin
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/02/2010 EN
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Functionalization of porous solids plays an important role in many areas, including heterogeneous catalysis and enzyme immobilization. In this study, large-pore ordered mesoporous SBA-15 molecular sieves were synthesized with tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) in the presence of the non-ionic triblock co-polymer Pluronic P123 under acidic conditions. These materials were grafted with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (ATS), 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GTS) and with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane and glutaraldehyde (GA-ATS) in order to provide covalent anchoring points for enzymes. The samples were characterized by nitrogen adsorption, powder X-ray diffraction, solid-state NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, diffuse reflectance fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and diffuse reflectance UV/Vis spectroscopy. The obtained grafted materials were then used for the immobilization of chloroperoxidase (CPO) and glucose oxidase (GOx) and the resulting biocatalysts were tested in the oxidation of indole. It is found that enzymes anchored to the mesoporous host by the organic moieties can be stored for weeks without losing their activity. Furthermore, the covalently linked enzymes are shown to be less prone to leaching than the physically adsorbed enzymes...

Preparation, Characterization, and Application of Magnetic Fe-SBA-15 Mesoporous Silica Molecular Sieves

Huang, Huayu; Ji, Yongsheng; Qiao, Zhenfeng; Zhao, Chuande; He, Jianguo; Zhang, Haixia
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Magnetic Fe-SBA-15 mesoporous silica molecular sieves were prepared, characterized, and used for magnetic separation. Wet impregnation, drying, and calcination steps led to iron inclusion within the mesopores. Iron oxide was reduced to the metal form with hydrogen, and the magnetic Fe-SBA-15 was obtained. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed the preparation process from the oxide to metal forms. The structure of magnetic materials was confirmed by Mössbauer spectra. Powder X-ray diffraction data indicated that the structure of Fe-SBA-15 retained the host SBA-15 structure. Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis revealed a decrease in surface area and pore size, indicating Fe-SBA-15 coating on the inner surfaces. Scanning electron micrographs confirmed the decrease in size for modified SBA-15 particles. From scanning electron micrographs, it was found that the size of the modified SBA-15 particles decreased. Transmission electron micrographs also confirmed that modified SBA-15 retained the structure of the parent SBA-15 silica. Fe-SBA-15 exhibited strong magnetic properties, with a magnetization value of 8.8 emu g−1. The iron content in Fe-SBA-15 was determined by atom adsorption spectroscopy. Fe-SBA-15 was successfully used for the magnetic separation of three aromatic compounds in water. Our results suggest wide applicability of Fe-SBA-15 magnetic materials for the rapid and efficient separation of various compounds.

Hoveyda–Grubbs type metathesis catalyst immobilized on mesoporous molecular sieves MCM-41 and SBA-15

Balcar, Hynek; Shinde, Tushar; Žilková, Naděžda; Bastl, Zdeněk
Fonte: Beilstein-Institut Publicador: Beilstein-Institut
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/01/2011 EN
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A commercially available Hoveyda–Grubbs type catalyst (RC303 Zhannan Pharma) was immobilized on mesoporous molecular sieves MCM-41 and on SBA-15 by direct interaction with the sieve wall surface. The immobilized catalysts exhibited high activity and nearly 100% selectivity in several types of alkene metathesis reactions. Ru leaching was found to depend on the substrate and solvent used (the lowest leaching was found for ring-closing metathesis of 1,7-octadiene in cyclohexane – 0.04% of catalyst Ru content). Results of XPS, UV–vis and NMR spectroscopy showed that at least 76% of the Ru content was bound to the support surface non-covalently and could be removed from the catalyst by washing with THF.

Síntese e impregnação de peneiras moleculares Fe MCM-41 derivada de sílica da casca do arroz

Miranda, Auristela Carla de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais; Processamento de Materiais a partir do Pó; Polímeros e Compósitos; Processamento de Materiais a part Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais; Processamento de Materiais a partir do Pó; Polímeros e Compósitos; Processamento de Materiais a part
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
547.3875%
The mesoporous molecular sieves of the MCM-41 and FeMCM-41 type are considered promissory as support for metals used as catalysts in oil-based materials refine processes and as adsorbents for environmental protection proposes. In this work MCM-41 and FeMCM41 were synthesized using rice husk ash - RHA as alternative to the conventional silica source. Hydrothermal synthesis was the method chosen to prepare the materials. Pre-defined synthesis parameters were 100°C for 168 hours, later the precursor was calcinated at 550°C for 2 hours under nitrogen and air flow. The sieves containing different proportions of iron were produced by two routes: introduction of iron salt direct synthesis; and a modification post synthesis consisting in iron salt 1 % and 5% impregnation in the material followed by thermal decomposition. The molecular sieves were characterized by X ray diffraction XRD, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy FT-IR, X ray fluorescence spectroscopy XFR, scanning electronic microscopy SEM, specific surface area using the BET method, Termogravimetry TG. The kinetic model of Flynn Wall was used with the aim of determining the apparent activation energy of the surfactant remove (CTMABr) in the MCM- 41 porous. The analysis made possible the morphology characterization...

Síntese e caracterização de materiais nanoporosos para pirólise catalítica de óleos pesados

Costa, Maria José Fonseca
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química; Físico-Química; Química Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química; Físico-Química; Química
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The present work reports the study of nanoporous structures, aiming at their use in research directed to the current demand of the petroleum industry to value heavy oil. Initially, two ways were chosen for the synthesis of porous structures from the molecular sieves of type Si-MCM-41. In the first way, the structure MCM-41 is precursory for heteroatom substitutes of silicon, generating catalyst of the type Al-MCM-41 from two different methods of incorporation of the metal. This variation of the incorporation method of Aluminum in the structure of Si-MCM-41 was carried out through the conventional procedure, where the aluminum source was incorporated to the gel of synthesis, and the procedure post-synthesis, where the Aluminum source was incorporated in catalyst after the synthesis of Si-MCM-41. In the second way, the MCM-41 acts as a support for growth of nanocrystals of zeolite embedded in their mesoporous, resulting in hybrid MCM-41/ZSM-5 catalyst. A comparative analysis was carried through characterizations by XRD, FTIR, measures of acidity through n-butylamine adsorption for TGA, SEM-XRF and N2 adsorption. Also crystalline aluminosilicate with zeolitic structure MFI of type ZSM-5 was synthesized without using organic templates. Methodologies to the preparation of these materials are related by literature using conventionally reactants that supply oxides of necessary silicon and aluminum...

Síntese e caracterização da peneira molecular MCM-41 contendo terras raras na dessulfurização, utilizando tiofeno como molécula sonda

Alves, José Antônio Barros Leal Reis
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química; Físico-Química; Química Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química; Físico-Química; Química
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Mesoporous molecular sieves of MCM-41 type are considered as promising support for metal in the refining processes of petroleum-based materials as catalysts and adsorbents for environmental protection. In this work, mesoporous molecular sieves MCM-41 were modified with different rare earth ions (La, Eu e Yb) for the obtaining nanostrutured materials with catalytic properties. The catalysts were synthesized by the hydrothermal method at 100oC for 120 h, presenting, all the samples, in the gel of synthesis molar ratio Si/Ln = 50. The obtained materials after calcination at 500oC for 2 h were characterized by XRD, surface area BET, TG/DTG, FTIR, and hydrothermal stability at 700ºC. The XRD analysis of the catalysts indicated that the materials containing rare earth presented characteristic hexagonal structure of the mesoporous materials of the type MCM-41. The TG curves showed that the decomposition of the structural template occurs in the materials at temperatures lower than 500oC. The samples presented variations as the specific superficial area, average diameter of pores and thickness of the silica wall, as a function of the nature of the rare earth impregnated in the mesoporous material. Hydrotermal stability was evaluated through the exposition of the materials to water vapour at 700°C. The thiophene adsorptions reach a maximum at 80% of conversion and incorporation of the rare earths showed influence in the process. Adsorption capacity followed the sequence: Yb-MCM-41 < La-MCM-41 < Eu-MCM-41 < MCM-41; ; As peneiras moleculares mesoporosas do tipo MCM-41 são consideradas promissoras como suporte para metais em processos de refino de materiais a base de petróleo...

Comparison of Kinetic Study of CTMA+ Removal of Molecular Sieve Ti-MCM-41 Synthesized with Natural and Commercial Silica

Fontes,Maria do Socorro Braga; Melo,Dulce Maria de Araújo; Costa,Cintia de Castro; Braga,Renata Martins; Melo,Marcus Antonio de Freitas; Alves,José Antônio Barros Leal Reis
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
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This work aimed to determine and compare the apparent activation energy, involved in thermal decomposition of CTMA+ from the pores of Ti-MCM-41 synthesized by two different source of silica in order to evaluate their influence in the template removal. The molecular sieves Ti-MCM-41 were synthesized using rice husk ash (RHA), as alternative low cost source of silica, and commercial silica gel, obtaining two mesoporous material by hydrothermal synthesis of gel molar composition of: 1.0 CTMABr: 4.0 SiO2: X TiO2: 1.0 Na2O: 200.0 H2O. The samples were characterized to compare its properties by X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, BET method and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The kinetic study using the model proposed by Flynn and Wall to determine the apparent activation energy for CTMA+ removal was performed using TGA data. The thermogravimetric analysis results of the material obtained from RHA confirmed intrinsic properties of mesoporous MCM-41 as the synthesized with commercial silica gel, such as high specific area, mesoporous range of pore diameter and hexagonal structure. According to the kinetics results the RHA showed similar chemical interaction to commercial silica gel, which makes it an interesting material, since it is a low cost source of natural silica from agricultural waste.

Combustão catalitica de metano usando paladio suportado em peneiras moleculares; Catalytic combustion of methane by palladium-supported molecular sieves

Juan Alberto Chavez Ruiz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/03/2005 PT
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A participação do gás natural na geração de energia vem crescendo significativamente nos últimos anos, tanto no Brasil como no mundo. O seu uso na combustão gera menor emissão de poluentes quando comparado aos outros combustíveis fósseis. Isto é muito importante numa época em que países do mundo inteiro concentram esforços para atender a meta do protocolo de Kyoto. Neste sentido o governo brasileiro vem incentivando o uso do gás natural visando atingir, em 2010, uma participação de até 12 % deste combustível na matriz energética do país. Esta Tese teve como objetivo determinar a utilidade das peneiras moleculares como suporte de catalisadores de paládio, na reação de combustão catalítica de metano com fins de geração de energia em baixas temperaturas. Para isso, foram sintetizadas peneiras moleculares micro e mesoporosas do tipo ETS-10, (Si e AI)-MCM-41 e meso-SAPO. As estabilidades térmicas dessas peneiras moleculares indicaram que para a reação de interesse, somente o MCM-41 seria útil, tanto puramente silícico (Si-MCM-41) como com alumínio (AI-MCM-41). Também foram estudados os efeitos causados por aditivos como cério, lantânio e zircônio, introduzidos por impregnação nos suportes antes da impregnação do paládio. A estrutura dos suportes do tipo MCM-41 apresentaram uma boa estabilidade térmica até 900°C e o suporte a base de silicato demonstrou ser mais estável do que o AI-MCM-41. A caracterização realizada permitiu verificar a presença de óxido de paládio (PdO) nos catalisadores. Os catalisadores de ambas as séries Si-MCM-41 e AI-MCM-41 foram ativos na reação de interesse. O paládio suportado na série Si-MCM-41 apresentou maior atividade que quando suportado na série AI-MCM-41. Este fato pode estar relacionado com a diferença no caráter hídrofílico/hidrofóbico do suporte. A acidificação dos suportes antes da impregnação do paládio melhorou performance catalítica enquanto que a presença de aditivos não apresentaram a melhora esperada...

Quantitative TEM analysis of a hexagonal mesoporous silicate structure

Hudson, Sarah; Tanner, D.A; Redington, W; Magner, Edmond; Hodnett, Benjamin K; Nakahara, S
Fonte: Royal Society of Chemistry Publicador: Royal Society of Chemistry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
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peer-reviewed; TEM analysis of mesoporous materials is generally undertaken to give qualitative results. Accurate quantitative analysis is demonstrated in this study. A systematic image analysis of a powder form of a hexagonal mesoporous material known as KIT-6 is conducted using a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Three types of image contrast typically appear in this material (a hexagonal honeycomb structure, wide and narrow parallel lines). The honeycomb face is used to characterise this material in terms of a conventional 2-D hexagonal structure and the d-spacings for the (100) and (110) planes are experimentally measured in varying focus conditions. A tilting experiment is conducted to determine how the angle of tilt affects the line spacing and their visibility. Tilting has very little effect on the line spacing, whereas it affects the visibility of both the wide and narrow lines by limiting an angle range of visibility. The hexagonal lattice structure parameter determined by TEM method is found to be similar to 7% lower than that calculated by low-angle X-ray diffraction. Thus we conclude that TEM data can be used to determine the geometry and dimensions of hexagonal mesoporous silica materials, with a small error in the hexagonal lattice parameter.; Accepted; peer-reviewed