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Composição nutricional e propriedades funcionais do murici (Byrsomina crassifolia) e moringa (Moringa Oleifera); Nutritional composition and functional properties of nance fruit (Byrsonima crassifolia) and drumstick (Moringa oleifera)

Siguemoto, Érica Sayuri
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/08/2013 PT
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Introdução - Algumas espécies vegetais comestíveis, mas ausentes na dieta do brasileiro, podem ser boas fontes de nutrientes e de compostos bioativos, e a falta ou a perda de conhecimento sobre elas desfavorece sua inclusão na dieta. Objetivo - Avaliar a composição nutricional e propriedades funcionais da farinha de folha de moringa (Moringa oleifera) e da polpa de murici (Byrsonima crassifolia). Metodologia Os frutos de murici foram coletados em três cidades diferentes do Pará. A farinha de folha de moringa foi coletada na cidade de Marília (SP), nos períodos de fevereiro (verão), maio (outono), julho (inverno) e outubro (primavera) de 2012. Foi realizada a caracterização físico-química, determinação de vitamina C e carotenoides das amostras. A partir do extrato da farinha da folha de moringa e do murici, foi analisado o teor de compostos redutores totais, o perfil de compostos fenólicos, a atividade antioxidante pela capacidade de captação do radical livre DPPH e pelo método de ORAC, atividade antiglicação e inibição de lipase pancreática. Resultados O murici é um fruto rico em vitamina C (39,1 mg 100 g carotenoides, principalmente, luteína (18,66 mg 100 g -1 -1 de amostra) e de amostra). O extrato de murici contêm flavonoides (epicatequina...

Efeitos da irradiação na composição e propriedades funcionais da soja.; Effects of irradiation on the composition and functional properties of soyben.

Aparecida Sonia de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/10/2006 PT
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O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar os efeitos da irradiação e do tempo de armazenamento na composição química de grãos de soja e funcionais de seus isolados protéicos. Os grãos de soja foram divididos em quatro lotes, sendo que dois foram irradiados em fonte de 60Cobalto, com doses de 2,0 ou 5,0 kGy, um lote foi irradiado em acelerador de elétrons com dose de 2,0 kGy e um lote foi utilizado como controle (não irradiado). Os lotes foram armazenados por um período de 12 meses. A cada quatro meses, uma porção de cada lote foi retirada para produção laboratorial de farinhas desengorduradas (FDSs) e isolados protéicos (IPSs). A composição centesimal nos grãos, FDSs e IPSs foi determinada. Nos grãos foram analisados a atividade de água, teor de isoflavonas e atividade antioxidante (IA) e nas FDSs, os teores de fitato e inibidores de tripsina (IT). O teor de acidez foi avaliado nos óleos obtidos do desengorduramento das farinhas. As características estruturais das proteínas dos IPSs obtidos foram avaliadas por análises de eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida na presença de dodecil sulfato de sódio (SDS-PAGE) em condições não redutoras, das proteínas solúveis em diferentes sistemas, calorimetria diferencial de varredura (CDV)...

Avaliação de propriedades fisico-quimicas e funcionais de leite processado por tecnologia de homogeneização a ultra alta pressão.; Evaluation of physical-chemical and functional properties of milk processed by ultra high pressure homogenization.

Marcelo Monteiro Pedras
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/02/2007 PT
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O tratamento de homogeneização a ultra alta pressão (HUAP) é uma tecnologia que vem sendo utilizada tanto para inibir o crescimento de microorganismos, como para alterar as propriedades físico-químicas e funcionais do leite e de sua fração proteica. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar algumas das principais alterações físico-químicas de leite desnatado submetido a diferentes níveis de HUAP. Além disso, avaliar solubilidade, propriedades de aeração e emulsificação de caseína e proteínas de soro isoladas de leite processado por HUAP. Leite cru desnatado foi submetido a 3 níveis de pressão de homogeneização (100 MPa, 200 MPa e 300 MPa) onde foram avaliadas as alterações físico-químicas do leite (pH, composição centesimal, estabilidade ao álcool, luminosidade, desnaturação de proteínas do soro, hidrofobicidade e viscosidade) e as propriedades funcionais da caseína e proteínas do soro (solubilidade, aeração e emulsificação). O processo apresentou boa repetibilidade e aumento de temperatura de no máximo 55°C. As medidas de pH e nitrogênio não proteico (NNP) foram as únicas variáveis que não apresentaram alteração estatisticamente significativa para nenhum dos níveis de pressão. Estabilidade a precipitação com álcool...

Exopolysaccharide production by Enterobacter A47: optimization of cultivation conditions and study of polymer functional properties

Pinheiro, Cristiana Carvalho
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 ENG
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Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Mestre em Biotecnologia; FucoPol is a fucose-containing biopolymer produced by the bacterium Gram-negative, Enterobacter A47 DSM 23139. It is an exopolysaccharide (EPS) composed of neutral sugars (fucose, galactose, glucose), an acidic sugar (glucuronic acid), and also non-saccharide substituents (acetate, pyruvate and succinate). In this work, two primary objectives were considered: the optimization of EPS production by varying two different parameters, and the functional properties’ assessment of different EPS produced by the bacterium. In the optimization study, the influence of different dissolved oxygen concentrations (controlled at 10, 30 and 60% of air saturation), and the impact of phosphate concentration reduction in the culture medium (5.25 and 3.81 g L-1) were assessed. The objective was to evaluate not only the effect of both parameters on cellular growth and exopolysaccharide-synthesis, but also to determine their influence in EPS chemical composition. The best results were obtained with DO at 10%, with the highest EPS production (6.11 g L-1), and although a reduction of phosphate concentration didn’t affect the EPS production, it reduced the exopolysaccharide’s fucose content to 24%mol. Secondly...

Functional properties and proximate composition of cactus pear cladodes flours

López-Cervantes,Jaime; Sánchez-Machado,Dalia Isabel; Campas-Baypoli,Olga Nydia; Bueno-Solano,Carolina
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
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The objective of this research was to study the functional properties and proximate composition of three different flours prepared from cactus pear cladodes. Immature cactus pear cladodes were dried at 60 °C, 70 °C and 80 °C. The flours were analyzed for chemical composition, amino acid profile, fatty acid composition, functional properties and color. The analyses showed no significant differences in crude protein, total lipid, crude fiber and total ash content in the flours, possibly due to the drying temperature effect. Nevertheless, during the drying at 80 °C, a reduction of the water holding capacity (55%) was observed, along with a reduction of the green color intensity (34%) - characteristic of cactus pear. The heating produced larger concentrations of tyrosine, proline, aspartic acid, and glutamic acid. In the lipids of the flours, the most abundant fatty acids were palmitic acid (C16:0), linoleic acid (C18:2n6), linolenic acid (C18:3n3), and oleic acid (C18:1n9). The cladodes flours prepared at 60 °C presented a higher quality regarding their nutritional and functional properties.

Effects of sequential enzymatic hydrolysis on structural, bioactive and functional properties of Phaseolus lunatus protein isolate

Polanco-Lugo,Erik; Dávila-Ortiz,Gloria; Betancur-Ancona,David Abram; Chel-Guerrero,Luis Antonio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
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Significant initiatives exist within the global food market to search for new, alternative protein sources with better technological, functional, and nutritional properties. Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) protein isolate was hydrolyzed using a sequential pepsin-pancreatin enzymatic system. Hydrolysis was performed to produce limited (LH) and extensive hydrolysate (EH), each with different degrees of hydrolysis (DH). The effects of hydrolysis were evaluated in vitro in both hydrolysates based on structural, functional and bioactive properties. Structural properties analyzed by electrophoretic profile indicated that LH showed residual structures very similar to protein isolate (PI), although composed of mixtures of polypeptides that increased hydrophobic surface and denaturation temperature. Functionality of LH was associated with amino acid composition and hydrophobic/hydrophilic balance, which increased solubility at values close to the isoelectric point. Foaming and emulsifying activity index values were also higher than those of PI. EH showed a structure composed of mixtures of polypeptides and peptides of low molecular weight, whose intrinsic hydrophobicity and amino acid profile values were associated with antioxidant capacity...

Whole and crushed nutlets of chia (Salvia hispanica) from Mexico as a source of functional gums

Segura-Campos,Maira; Acosta-Chi,Zaidy; Rosado-Rubio,Gabriel; Chel-Guerrero,Luis; Betancur-Ancona,David
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
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The objective of this study was to characterize the chemical and functional properties of Mexican chia (Salvia hispanica) gums extracted from defatted whole and crushed nutlets using the Soxhlet and SFE-CO2 methods. Chia gums have interesting chemical and functional properties for the food industry. The oil and gum yields were in the range of 1.98-16.42% and 5.81-12.60%, respectively. The defatting procedure did not affect significantly the oil and gum extraction; the nutlet type (whole or crushed) was the only parameter influencing the yield. The proximate composition and the protein and fiber contents of chia gum were evaluated. Low contents of protein and fiber and high NFE levels were found in whole nutlet gums. The functional properties of chia gum extracted from whole and crushed nutlets with the Soxhlet and SFE-COs methods showed the following ranges of water absorption capacity of 62.64 to 143.66 g/g, water adsorption capacity of 0.69 to 1.35 g/g, and water and oil holding capacity of 100 to 149.28 g/g and19.5 to 40.4 g/g, respectively. The rheological behavior exhibited by the gums was pseudoplastic or shear thinning. From a functional perspective, chia gum is an important food component due its emulsifier and stabilizer potentials.

Chemical composition and functional properties of malted corn flours

Grossmann,Maria Victória E.; Mandarino,José Marcos G.; Yabu,Márcia Cristina
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1998 EN
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Flours with different physicochemical and functional properties were obtained from malted corn. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to study the effects of malting time (1,3, 5 days), malting temperature (20, 25, 30º C) and gibberelic acid concentration (0.0; 0.5; 1.0 %) on these properties. The chemical composition and paste viscosity of flours were significantly affected by malting time and temperature, while water solubility index (WSI) and water absorption index (WAI) varied only with malting time. Gibberelic acid did not significantly influenced any of the studied properties. Germination at 20-25ºC for 3 days was recomended to obtain corn flour with high WAI, low viscosity and medium WSI, without excessive loss of proteins.

Sperathe effects of solid-state fermentation in the functional properties of defatted rice bran and wheat bran

Silveira,Cristina Moreira da; Badiale-Furlong,Eliana
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
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Functional properties of fermented bran produced by Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus sp. in a solid-state fermentation system were determined, with an aim to evaluate their application in food formulation. The defatted rice bran and wheat bran were inoculated with the spores of the cultures and incubated at 30º C for 72 h. Samples were withdrawn at 0, 24, 48 and 72 h. Protein content, protein solubility, in-vitro digestibility, gelation and water holding capacity were determined in bran with or without fermentation. Rhizopus sp. increased significantly the protein content (69.0 and 56.0%, respectively, for defatted rice bran and wheat bran); protein solubility (28.5 and 36.2) and water holding capacity (11.4% for wheat bran). When A. oryzae was used all these properties were modified significantly after fermentation.

Emulsifying and gelling properties of weakfish myofibrillar proteins as affected by squid mantle myofibrillar proteins in a model system

Suarez,Daniela Mariel; Manca,Emilio; Crupkin,Marcos; Paredi,Maria Elida
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimentos - ITAL Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimentos - ITAL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
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The aim of the present work was to investigate the physicochemical, biochemical and functional characteristics of both the myofibrils (MF) and actomyosin (AM) of squid mantle (Illex argentinus) and weakfish (Cynoscion guatucupa) muscles, and evaluate the influence of the addition of myofibrilar proteins from the squid mantle on the physicochemical and functional properties of those of the weakfish. After extraction, purification and characterization of the MF and AM of both species, emulsions of each protein fraction from each muscle were formulated. Mixtures of the MF or AM of both species were also analyzed. The emulsifying properties were monitoring using the Emulsifying Activity Index (EAI) and Emulsion Stability (ES). In addition, gel pastes were formulated from the squid mantle, weakfish muscle and the mixture of both species, and the following functional properties of the gels assessed: water holding capacity, colour, textural profile analysis (TPA) (hardness, elasticity, cohesiveness, gumminess) and gel strength. The EAI values of emulsions formulated with the MF of the mantle were significantly (p<0.05) higher than those formulated from those of weakfish. The incorporation of squid MF in the mixture increased the EAI values. Conversely...

Evaluation of functional properties in protein hydrolysates from bluewing searobin (prionotus punctatus) obtained with different microbial enzymes

Santos, Sarita D???Avila dos; Martins, Vil??sia Guimar??es; Mellado, Myriam Salas; Hernandez, Carlos Prentice
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Enzymatic hydrolysis of proteins from low commercial value fish could be produced for uses like functional ingredients in a wide and always increasing zone of application in different food products. The objective of this work was to evaluate the functional properties and the amino acid profile of enzymatic hydrolysates from Bluewing searobin (Prionotus punctatus), using two microbial enzymes, Alcalase and Flavourzyme. The enzymatic hydrolysate obtained through the addition of the enzyme Alcalase reached the maximum solubility (42%) at pH 9, water holding capacity (WHC) of 2.4 gwater gprotein???1, 4.5 goil gprotein???1 of oil holding capacity (OHC) and an emulsifying activity index (EAI) of 54 m2 gsolids???1 at pH 3. On the other hand, the hydrolysate obtained from Flavourzyme attained 38% of solubility at pH 9, 3.7 gwater gprotein???1 and 5.5 goil gprotein???1 for the holding capacities, and an EAI of 71 m2 gsolids???1 at pH 11. The hydrolysate with Flavourzyme produced best results for WHC, OHC, and EAI because it had solubility lower than the hydrolysate of Alcalase. The hydrolysate produced by Alcalase had a higher amino acid content compared with Flavourzyme???s hydrolysate. However, both showed a good essential amino acid amounts. In general...

Sperathe Effects of Solid-state Fermentation in the Functional Properties of Defatted Rice Bran and Whe at Bran

Silveira, Cristina Moreira da; Furlong, Eliana Badiale
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.59783%
Functional properties of fermented bran produced by Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus sp. in a solid-state fermentation system were determined, with an aim to evaluate their application in food formulation. The defatted rice bran and wheat bran were inoculated with the spores of the cultures and incubated at 30°C for 72 h. Samples were withdrawn at 0, 24, 48 and 72 h. Protein content, protein solubility, in-vitro digestibility, gelation and water holding capacity were determined in bran with or without fermentation. Rhizopus sp. increased significantly the protein content (69.0 and 56.0%, respectively, for defatted rice bran and wheat bran); protein solubility (28.5 and 36.2) and water holding capacity (11.4% for wheat bran). When A. oryzae was used all these properties were modified significantly after fermentation.

Enhancement of Functional Properties of Wami Tilapia (Oreochromis urolepis hornorum) Skin Gelatin at Different pH Values

Alfaro, Alexandre da Trindade; Fonseca, Gustavo Graciano; Prentice-Hernández, Carlos
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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The effects of several agents in two different concentrations and pH values (5.0 and 8.0) on the functional properties of tilapia (Oreochromis urolepis hornorum) skin gelatin were evaluated and compared using a control tilapia skin gelatin and a commercial mammalian gelatin. The addition of the agents (sucrose 4 % and 8 % (w/v), glycerol 5 % and 10 % (v/v), NaCl 0.3 and 0.8 mol/L, MgCl2 0.3 and 0.8 mol/L,MgSO4 0.3 and 0.8 mol/L, KCl 0.3 and 0.8 mol/L, and transglutaminase 10 and 15 mg/mL) slightly increased the turbidity. There were different ratios of rheological properties depending on the agent, concentration, and pH. The addition of all agents increased the viscosity of the gelatin solution, mainly at pH 5.0. The addition of glycerol (10 % (v/v)) raised viscosity up to 7.45 cP. The setting time was prolonged by incorporating the agents. The gelatin samples with the addition of MgSO4 0.8 mol/L showed higher gel strength than the mammalian gelatin, exhibiting values of 298 and 295gf at pH 5.0 and 8.0, respectively.

Extrusão de farinha de feijao hard-to-cook: caracteristicas bioquimicas e propriedades funcionais; Extruded bean flour hard-to-cook: biochemical characteristics and functional properties

BATISTA, Karla de Aleluia
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos; Ciencias Agrárias - Agronomia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos; Ciencias Agrárias - Agronomia
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Beans are an important source of protein, starch, vitamins and minerals. However, the presence of antinutritional factors and the development of the hard-to-cook effect by storage under high moisture (>75%) and temperature (30-40ºC), decrease the nutritional value and acceptability these grains causing important economic losses. An alternative for the use of the hard-to-cook beans is the extrusion cooking. Heat, water and high pressure in the extrusion process causes chemical and physical changes that permit the use of hard-to-cook grains. In this sense, the changes occasioned by extrusion in biochemical and functional properties of hard-to-cook common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) flours of carioca and black varieties and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) were investigated. Beans were milled and extruded in a singlescrew extruder with compression ration of 3:1, screw speed of 150 rpm, and 5 mm die. The central temperature and moisture were fixed in 150 ºC and 20% (dry basis). Raw and extruded flours were evaluated for chemical composition, antinutritional factors, functional properties and in vitro protein and starch digestibility. Results indicated that the extrusion did not affect the proximate composition of flours, except the cowpea that presented significant difference among the moisture content. However the process occasioned complete elimination of haemaglutination and α-amylase inhibitors activity and decreased significantly the phytic acid and trypsin inhibitor content. Regarding functional properties evaluated...

The effect of starch isolation method on physical and functional properties of Portuguese nut starches. 2. Q. rotundifolia Lam. and Q. suber Lam. acorns starches

Correia, Paula Reis; Nunes, Maria Cristiana; Beirão-da-Costa, Maria Luísa
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 ENG
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A new starch was isolated from fruits of two acorn species, Quercus rotundifolia and Quercus suber by alkaline (A3S) and enzymatic (ENZ) methods and physical and functional properties were studied. The isolation method induced changes in most of those properties in the isolated starches, mainly in resistant starch content, syneresis, pasting, thermal and rheological properties. Isolated acorn starches presented high amylose content (53e59%) and resistant starch content (30.8e41.4%). Acorn starches showed limited and similar solubility values and swelling power values, showing a gradual increase from 60 C to 90 C. The pasting temperatures ranged from 67.5 to 72.0 C and pastes did not present breakdown, which is suggestive of a high paste stability of acorn starches during heating. At ambient temperature the turbidity and syneresis values were low, but when held at freezing temperatures the syneresis significantly increased. Thermal analysis revealed that the acorn starches easily undergo transition phenomena as shown by the low To and enthalpy values (4.1e4.3 J/g), these effects were more evident in starches isolated by ENZ method. Pastes are more elastic than viscous and form strong gels after cooling. Q. suber starch was shown to be more sensitive to the effect of isolation method. Generally...

Chemical and functional properties of cell wall polymers from two cherry varieties at two developmental stages

Basanta, Maria Florencia; de Escalada Pla, Marina Francisca; Stortz, Carlos Arturo; Rojas, Ana Maria Luisa
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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The cell wall polysaccharides of Regina and Sunburst cherry varieties at two developmental stages were extracted sequentially, and their changes in monosaccharide composition and functional properties were studied. The loosely-attached pectins presented a lower d-galacturonic acid/rhamnose ratio than ionically-bound pectins, as well as lower thickening effects of their respective 2% aqueous solution: the lowest Newtonian viscosity and shear rate dependence during the pseudoplastic phase. The main constituents of the cell wall matrix were covalently bound pectins probably through diferulate cross-linkings), with long arabinan side chains at the RG-I cores. This pectin domain was also anchored into the XG-cellulose elastic network. Ripening occurred with a decrease in the proportion of HGs, water extractable GGM and xylogalacturonan, and with a concomitant increase in neutral sugars. Ripening was also associated with higher viscosities and thickening effects, and to larger distribution of molecular weights. The highest firmness and compactness of Regina cherry may be associated with its higher proportion of calcium-bound HGs localized in the middle lamellae of cell walls, as well as to some higher molar proportion of NS (Rha and Ara) in covalently bound pectins. These pectins showed significantly better hydration properties than hemicellulose and cellulose network. Chemical composition and functional properties of cell wall polymers were dependent on cherry variety and ripening stage...

Impacto de la interacción entre polifenoles de té verde y proteínas del lactosuero sobre las propiedades biológicas y funcionales de las mezclas; Impact of the interaction between green tea polyphenols and whey proteins on the biological and functional properties of mixed systems

von Staszewski, Mariana
Fonte: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires Publicador: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; tesis doctoral; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 SPA
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El objetivo del presente trabajo fue estudiar la interacción entre polifenoles de té verde y proteínas del lactosuero y su impacto sobre las propiedades funcionales y biológicas de los componentes. Los estudios realizados muestran que los polifenoles poseen una fuerte afinidad por todas las proteínas del lactosuero estudiadas y a todos los pH analizados. El tamaño de los complejos formados es máximo cercano al punto isoeléctrico de cada proteína por lo que la insolubilidad de los mismos está mayormente determinada por su carga superficial. La presencia de polifenoles aceleró el proceso de gelificación tanto de β- lactoglobulina (β-lg) como de caseinomacropeptido (CMP). Resultados similares se observaron con WPC. A pH 6,0, pudieron utilizarse concentraciones de polifenoles de hasta 0,5% (p/v) sin producir precipitación del sistema y sin afectar negativamente la viscoelasticidad y la textura de los geles de proteína o WPC. Las variedades de té verde argentino mostraron excelentes capacidades como agentes antioxidantes y antimicrobianos. La formación de complejos entre los polifenoles de té verde y el WPC disminuyó significativamente estas actividades. La actividad antimicrobiana del té verde en presencia de WPC se observó principalmente frente a bacterias gram positivas. Además...

Production of lupinus angustifolius protein hydrolysates with improved functional properties; Producción de hidrolizados proteicos de Lupinus angustifolius con mejores propiedades funcionales

Lqari, Hassane; Pedroche, Justo; Girón-Calle, Julio; Vioque, Javier; Millán, Francisco
Fonte: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España) Publicador: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
Tipo: Artículo
ENG
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Protein hydrolysates were obtained from lupin flour and from the purified globulin a-conglutin, and their functional properties were studied. Hydrolysis with alcalase for 60 minutes yielded degrees of hydrolysis ranging from 4% to 11% for lupin flour, and from 4% to 13% for a-conglutin. Protein solubility, oil absorption, foam capacity and stability, emulsifying activity, and emulsion stability of hydrolysates with 6% degree of hydrolysis were determined and compared with the properties of the original flour. The protein hydrolysates showed better functional properties than the original proteins. Most impor tantly, the solubility of the a-conglutin and L. angustifolius flour hydrolysates was increased by 43% and 52%, respectively. Thus, lupin seed protein hydrolysates have improved functional properties and could be used in the elaboration of a variety of products such as breads, cakes, and salad dressings.; Se obtuvieron hidrolizados proteicos de la harina del altramuz y de la globulina α-conglutina purificada y se estudiaron sus propiedades funcionales. La hidrólisis con alcalasa durante 60 minutos produjo hidrolizados con grados de hidrólisis entre el 4 % y el 11 % para la harina y entre el 4 % y el 13 % para la α-conglutina. Se estudió en un hidrolizado con un 6 % de grado de hidrólisis la solubilidad proteica...

Effect of extrusion cooking on the functional properties and starch components of lentil/banana blends: Response surface analysis

Hernández-Nava,R.G.; Bello-Pérez,L.A.; San Martín-Martínez,E.; Hernández-Sánchez,H.; Mora-Escobedo,R.
Fonte: UAM, Unidad Iztapalapa, División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería Publicador: UAM, Unidad Iztapalapa, División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
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Banana and lentil flour blends were processed in a sing le screw extruder modifying the flour properties of the blend (20.5-79.5%), at selected range of die temperature (145-175 ºC) and the feeding moisture content (20-24%). Functional characteristics evaluated in the extrudates were water absorption index (WAI), water solubility index (WSI), bulk density (BD), paste viscosity properties, microstructure and resistant starch content. The concentration of lentil/banana blends and temperature were the most important variables affecting dependent variables WAI, WSI, BD and vrscosity properties. The results of this study indicated that extrusion cooking induced desirable functional characteristics to lentil/banana blends by increasing their resistant starch content.

Functional properties of a protein product from Ccaryodendron orinocense (Barinas nuts)

Alfaro,María de Jesús; Alvarez,Irama; El Khor,Sandra; Padilla,Fanny C.
Fonte: Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición Publicador: Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
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The functional properties of Caryodendron orinocense protein product were investigated and compared with those of soybean (Glycina maxima). The product protein content was 24.47 g/100g (Nx6.25). Solubility increased at both sides of the isoelectric point (pH 4.0) and with increased NaCl concentration up to 0.5M. Compared with soybean flour (50% protein), the protein product exhibited higher water and oil absorption, but lower emulsifying activity, emulsion stability, foaming capacity, and foam stability, the last one increase at higher pH. Emulsifying activity, foaming capacity, and foam stability were ionic strength dependent. C. orinocense protein product increased its emulsifying activity steadily from 0.05M to 0.75M NaCl, while it remained almost constant for soybean flour. Foaming capacity increased drastically at ph 10. The minimum time and concentration to form a gel was 20% in 4 min and 10% in 8 min for the Caryodendron protein product and soybean flour, respectively. The bulk density was 0,5056± 0,0041 g/mL.