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An Electrochemical Sensor Based on Nanostructured Hollandite-type Manganese Oxide for Detection of Potassium Ions

Lima, Alex S.; Bocchi, Nerilso; Gomes, Homero M.; Teixeira, Marcos F. S.
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International-mdpi Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International-mdpi
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 6613-6625
ENG
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Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); The participation of cations in redox reactions of manganese oxides provides an opportunity for development of chemical sensors for non-electroactive ions. A sensor based on a nanostructured hollandite-type manganese oxide was investigated for voltammetric detection of potassium ions. The detection is based on the measurement of anodic current generated by oxidation of Mn(III) to Mn(IV) at the surface of the electrode and the subsequent extraction of the potassium ions into the hollandite structure. In this work, an amperometric procedure at an operating potential of 0.80 V (versus SCE) is exploited for amperometric monitoring. The current signals are linearly proportional to potassium ion concentration in the range 4.97 x 10(-5) to 9.05 x 10(-4) mol L(-1), with a correlation coefficient of 0.9997.

Electrochemical evaluation of the a carbon-paste electrode modified with spinel manganese(IV) oxide under flow conditions for amperometric determination of lithium

Raymundo-Pereira, Paulo A.; Martin, Cibely S.; Bergamini, Marcio F.; Bocchi, Nerilso; Teixeira, Marcos F. S.
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2552-2558
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 08/07298-7; Processo FAPESP: 09/11079-1; The participation of cations in redox reactions of manganese oxides provides an opportunity for development of chemical sensors for non-electroactive ions. This paper describes the amperometric determination of lithium ions using carbon-paste electrode modified with spinel manganese(IV) oxide under flow conditions. Systematic investigations were made to optimize the experimental parameters for lithium sensor by flow injection analysis. The detection was based on the measurement of anodic current generated by oxidation of Mn(III) to Mn(IV) at the surface of the electrode and consequently the lithium ions extraction into the spinel structure. An operating potential of 0.50 V (vs. Ag/AgCl/3 KCl mol/L) was exploited for amperometric monitoring. The amperometric signal was linearly dependent on the lithium ions concentration over the range 4.0 x 10(-5) to 1.0 x 10(-3) mol L-1. The equilibrium constant of insertion/extraction of the lithium ion in the spine! structure, apparent Gibbs energy of insertion, and surface coverage of the electrode with manganese oxide...

Phosphorus–iron interaction in sediments : can an electrode minimize phosphorus release from sediments?

Martins, Gilberto; Peixoto, L.; Brito, A. G.; Nogueira, R.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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All restoration strategies to mitigate eutrophication depend on the success of phosphorus (P) removal from the water body. Therefore, the inputs from the watershed and from the enriched sediments, that were the sink of most P that has been discharged in the water body, should be controlled. In sediments, iron (hydr)oxides minerals are potent repositories of P and the release of P into the water column may occur upon dissolution of the iron (hydr)oxides mediated by iron reducing bacteria. Several species of these bacteria are also known as electroactive microorganisms and have been recently identified in lake sediments. This capacity of bacteria to transfer electrons to electrodes, producing electricity from the oxidation of organic matter, might play a role on P release in sediments. In the present work it is discussed the relationship between phosphorus and iron cycling as well as the application of an electrode to work as external electron acceptor in sediments, in order to prevent metal bound P dissolution under anoxic conditions.

Monitoring Corrosion Products on Metal Artefacts by Linear Sweep Voltammetry (LSV)

Capelo, Sofia; Homem, P.; Cavalheiro, J.; Fonseca, I.T.E.
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Aula
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Metallic surfaces are highly sensitive to their surroundings, and prone to react with airborne pollutants to form complex layers. Electrochemical techniques have the possibility of simultaneously identifying different electroactive compounds [1]. The high sensitivity of Linear Sweep Voltammetry (LSV) allows the detection of extremely thin surface films before they became visible. LSV leads to reduction peaks, which can identify the compounds within the “tarnishing” layer and also its relative abundance [1, 2]. The potentialities of this and others electrochemical techniques has been well demonstrated in several recent works and they seem to be promising and non-invasive tools, even for in situ investigations on the metallic artifacts from cultural heritage. This communication presents data showing the application of the technique to silver and sterling silver coupons exposed, during periods of 1 and 12 months, in the Treasure Room in the Museum (inside showcases) and near the Holy Altar of the Chapel, of Porto Cathedral (Portugal). The influence of various conditions: the atmosphere (Museum and Chapel), exposure time (1 and 12 months) and season (spring, summer, autumn and winter) have been analysed. The LSV spectra of blank polished samples as well as samples covered with thin films of silver sulphide and of silver chloride...

Conical Tungsten Tips as Substrates for the Preparation of Ultramicroelectrodes

Hermans, Andre; Wightman, R. Mark
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/12/2006 EN
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Here we describe a simple method to prepare voltammetric microelectrodes using tungsten wires as a substrate. Tungsten wires have high tensile modulus and enable the fabrication of electrodes that have small dimensions overall while retaining rigidity. In this work, 125 μm tungsten wires with a conical tip were employed. For the preparation of gold or platinum ultramicroelectrodes, commercial tungsten microelectrodes, completely insulated except at the tip, were used as substrates. Following removal of oxides from the exposed tungsten, platinum or gold was electroplated yielding surfaces with an electroactive area of between 1×10−6 cm2 to 2×10−6 cm2. Carbon surfaces on the etched tip of tungsten microwires were prepared by coating with photoresist followed by pyrolysis. The entire electrode was then insulated with Epoxylite except the tip yielding an exposed carbon surface with an area of around 4×10−6 cm2 to 6×10−6 cm2. All three types of ultramicroelectrodes fabricated on the tungsten wire had similar electrochemical behavior to electrodes fabricated from wires or fibers insulated with glass tubes.

Preparation of a Porous Composite Film for the Fabrication of a Hydrogen Peroxide Sensor

Hua, Mu-Yi; Chen, Chun-Jen; Chen, Hsiao-Chien; Tsai, Rung-Ywan; Cheng, Wen; Cheng, Chun-Lin; Liu, Yin-Chih
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/05/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A series of dopant-type polyaniline-polyacrylic acid composite (PAn-PAA) films with porous structures were prepared and developed for an enzyme-free hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) sensor. The composite films were highly electroactive in a neutral environment as compared to polyaniline (PAn). In addition, the carboxyl group of the PAA was found to react with H2O2 to form peroxy acid groups, and the peroxy acid could further oxidize the imine structure of PAn to form N-oxides. The N-oxides reverted to their original form via electrochemical reduction and increased the reduction current. Based on this result, PAn-PAA was used to modify a gold electrode (PAn-PAA/Au) as a working electrode for the non-enzymatic detection of H2O2. The characteristics of the proposed sensors could be tuned by the PAA/PAn molar ratio. Blending PAA with PAn enhanced the surface area, electrocatalytic activity, and conductivity of these sensors. Under optimal conditions, the linear concentration range of the H2O2 sensor was 0.04 to 12 mM with a sensitivity of 417.5 μA/mM-cm2. This enzyme-free H2O2 sensor also exhibited a rapid response time, excellent stability, and high selectivity.

An Electrochemical Sensor Based on Nanostructured Hollandite-type Manganese Oxide for Detection of Potassium Ions

Lima, Alex S.; Bocchi, Nerilso; Gomes, Homero M.; Teixeira, Marcos F. S.
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/08/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.424563%
The participation of cations in redox reactions of manganese oxides provides an opportunity for development of chemical sensors for non-electroactive ions. A sensor based on a nanostructured hollandite-type manganese oxide was investigated for voltammetric detection of potassium ions. The detection is based on the measurement of anodic current generated by oxidation of Mn(III) to Mn(IV) at the surface of the electrode and the subsequent extraction of the potassium ions into the hollandite structure. In this work, an amperometric procedure at an operating potential of 0.80 V (versus SCE) is exploited for amperometric monitoring. The current signals are linearly proportional to potassium ion concentration in the range 4.97 × 10−5 to 9.05 × 10−4 mol L−1, with a correlation coefficient of 0.9997.

Integrated Solid/Nanoporous Copper/Oxide Hybrid Bulk Electrodes for High-performance Lithium-Ion Batteries

Hou, Chao; Lang, Xing-You; Han, Gao-Feng; Li, Ying-Qi; Zhao, Lei; Wen, Zi; Zhu, Yong-Fu; Zhao, Ming; Li, Jian-Chen; Lian, Jian-She; Jiang, Qing
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/10/2013 EN
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Nanoarchitectured electroactive materials can boost rates of Li insertion/extraction, showing genuine potential to increase power output of Li-ion batteries. However, electrodes assembled with low-dimensional nanostructured transition metal oxides by conventional approach suffer from dramatic reductions in energy capacities owing to sluggish ion and electron transport kinetics. Here we report that flexible bulk electrodes, made of three-dimensional bicontinuous nanoporous Cu/MnO2 hybrid and seamlessly integrated with Cu solid current collector, substantially optimizes Li storage behavior of the constituent MnO2. As a result of the unique integration of solid/nanoporous hybrid architecture that simultaneously enhances the electron transport of MnO2, facilitates fast ion diffusion and accommodates large volume changes on Li insertion/extraction of MnO2, the supported MnO2 exhibits a stable capacity of as high as ~1100 mA h g−1 for 1000 cycles, and ultrahigh charge/discharge rates. It makes the environmentally friendly and low-cost electrode as a promising anode for high-performance Li-ion battery applications.

Nanoscale Electric Phenomena at Oxide Surfaces and Interfaces by Scanning Probe Microscopy

Kalinin, Sergei V.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/09/2002
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Scanning Probe Microscopy is used to study and quantify the nanoscale electric phenomena in the two classes of oxide systems, namely transport at electroactive grain boundaries and surface behavior of ferroelectric materials. Scanning Impedance Microscopy is developed to study the capacitance and local C-V characteristic of the interfaces combining the spatial resolution of traditional SPMs with the precision of conventional electrical measurements. SPM of SrTiO3 grain boundaries in conjunction with variable temperature impedance spectroscopy and I-V measurements allowed to find and theoretically justify the effect of field suppression of dielectric constant in the vicinity of the electroactive interfaces in strontium titanate. Similar approaches were used to study ferroelectric properties and ac and dc transport behavior in a number of polycrystalline oxides. In the second part, the effects of local charge density on the chemistry and physics of ferroelectric surfaces are studied. The kinetics and thermodynamics parameters of adsorption are assessed by variable temperature SPM. Piezoresponse force microscopy is used to engineer domain patterns on ferroelectric surfaces. Localized photochemical activity of ferroelectric surfaces is explored as a new tool for metallic nanostructures fabrication.; Comment: Ph.D. Thesis...

Estudios de materiales de cátodos híbridos y ánodos vítreos. Caracterización en celdas de ion litio; Study of Hybrid Cathode Materials and Vitreous Anodes. Characterization in Lithium Ion Cells

Jurado Egea, José Ramón; Cuentas Gallegos, A. K.; Colomer, María T.; Palacín, M. R.; Gómez-Romero, P.
Fonte: Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio Publicador: Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 1109521 bytes; application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
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[ES] Como parte de nuestros estudios de nuevos materiales de electrodos para aplicación en celdas reversibles de litio, hemos abordado el estudio de materiales vítreos e híbridos [1] como posibles alternativas a los materiales activos cristalinos, que ven frecuentemente limitada su capacidad como resultado de transiciones de fase irreversibles. Dentro de este trabajo se presentan aquí los resultados recientes sobre cátodos híbridos de PPi/MnO2 (PPi= polipirrol) y de PAni/V2O5 (PAni= polianilina), y de ánodos basados en vidrios en el sistema V-Ni-Te-O, así como de su combinación en celdas reversibles de ion litio. Hemos logrado obtener mediante reacción directa de pirrol con permanganato el híbrido PPi/MnO2, y hemos observado que en la síntesis de PAni/V2O5 existen factores que influyen positivamente en su comportamiento electroquímico.; [EN] This paper is based on new materials applied as electrodes in rechargeable lithium batteries. We have approached the study of glassy and hybrid materials as an alternative to crystalline active materials, which capacity is frequently limited by irreversible phase transitions. We present here our latest results on hybrid cathodes, PPy/MnO2 (PPy= PPi= polypirrol) and PAni/V2O5 (PAni= polyaniline)...

Obtención y caracterización de materiales electroactivos para soporte de crecimiento neuronal

Cruz Rodríguez, Ana Milena
Fonte: Bellaterra: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: Bellaterra: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 SPA; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Descripció del recurs: el 27 de juny de 2011; Algunos óxidos electroactivos pueden ser conductores iónicos mixtos (conductividad iónica-electrónica) con una química de oxido-reducción que involucra procesos con reacciones de intercalación/desintercalación en estructuras abiertas o con vacantes. Estos materiales pueden presentar propiedades físicas relacionadas con los cambios en los estados de oxidación de los elementos involucrados en la estructura de óxido. Algunos de estos óxidos muestran comportamientos biocompatibles, lo que los convierte en materiales ideales para ser usados como electrodos en sistemas biológicos si se combina esta biocompatibilidad con su electroactividad. En el presente trabajo de investigación han sido obtenidas capas finas de TiO2, IrOx y un óxido mixto de los dos componentes anteriores para ser aplicados como substratos para crecimiento neuronal. Una vez sintetizadas, las capas de los tres materiales en estudio fueron caracterizadas estructuralmente mediante GIXRD, Reflectometría de Rayos X, XPS, XAS, Espectroscopía Raman y ATR. La microestructura fue evaluada mediante las técnicas de AFM, SEM y la medida del ángulo de contacto. Posteriormente se realizó una caracterización electroquímica y una evaluación de las propiedades de transporte mediante CV...

Iridium oxide-carbon hybrid materials as electrodes for neural systems. Electrochemical synthesis and characterization

Carretero González, Nina Magali; Casabó i Gispert, Jaume
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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El desarrollo de interfaces neuronales requiere el uso de nuevos materiales electroactivos y biocompatibles, que al aplicar campos eléctricos no causen efectos secundarios que pueden dañar los tejidos o degradar la funcionalidad del electrodo. A día de hoy, existen diferentes materiales electroactivos que se usan como electrodos en el sistema nervioso: oro, platino, carbón, Pt-Ir o IrOx entre otros, siendo este último el que ha mostrado superiores resultados. Una alta eficiencia electroquímica, estabilidad en condiciones biológicas y biocompatibilidad, han hecho del IrOx el material más prometedor como electrodo para estimulación y registro de señales neuronales. Sin embargo, los avances tecnológicos han generado una demanda de nuevos materiales con propiedades mejoradas y con menos inconvenientes que los actuales (bajos valores de capacidad de carga o la rigidez inherente de este tipo de óxidos, ya que presentan poca compatibilidad con los tejidos blandos). Estas mejoras se pueden conseguir con el uso de materiales híbridos, que unan las diferentes propiedades de los componentes. En este sentido, se han preparado electroquímicamente híbridos IrOx-CNTs, con propiedades mejoradas tras la adicción de nanotubos de carbono. La composición química de estos híbridos es muy parecida a la obtenida para IrOx...

Synthetic and natural Iron oxide characterization through microparticle voltammetry

Rico,Y; Bidegain,J. C.; Elsner,C. I.
Fonte: Instituto de Geofísica, UNAM Publicador: Instituto de Geofísica, UNAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We are hereby presenting the results obtained from a study on using Microparticle Voltammetry (MPV) for identifying Iron oxides and oxy-hydroxides. This technique allowed us to distinguish different mineral species, such as hematite, goethite, magnetite and maghemite, in both synthetic and natural samples. By measuring synthetic pigments at different temperatures, evidence was found of an electrochemical behavioral pattern which allowed differenciating them. The current peak location (potential value) proved to vary according to the mineral species, grain size and chrystallinity degree. The area varies in terms of electroactive concentration of the species given. Width varies according to particle size distribution. In high iron oxide and oxy-hydroxide concentration samples, peaks were defined at current values of mA (milliampers) and in paleosol samples having an overall iron content lower than 6%, peaks were recorded at currents of µA (microampers). Therefore, a possibility arises of applying this technique to environmental and palaeo-environmental studies of these minerals. MPVs main advantages compared to conventional methods are speed and simplicity as well as the fact that it allows processing a few sample grains, in spite of its chrystallinity degree. Unlike magnetic methods - strongly influenced by the presence of magnetite- MPV is highly sensitive for detecting weakly magnetic species.