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What Explains the Low Survival Rate of Developing Country Export Flows?

Brenton, Paul; Saborowski, Christian; von Uexkull, Erik
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Successful export growth and diversification require not only entry into new export products and markets, but also the survival and growth of export flows. This paper uses a detailed, cross-country dataset of product level bilateral export flows to illustrate that exporting is an extremely perilous activity and especially so in low-income countries. The authors find that unobserved individual heterogeneity in product-level export flow data prevails despite controlling for a wide range of observed country and product characteristics. This questions previous studies that have used the Cox proportional hazards model to model export survival. The authors estimate a Prentice-Gloeckler model, amended with a gamma mixture distribution summarizing unobserved individual heterogeneity. The empirical results confirm the significance of a range of products as well as country-specific factors in determining the survival of export flows. From a policy perspective, an interesting finding is the importance of learning-by-doing for export survival: experience with exporting the same product to other markets or different products to the same market are found to strongly increase the chance of export survival. A better understanding of such learning effects could substantially improve the effectiveness of export promotion strategies.

Export Processing Zones

Madani, Dorsati
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
This note focuses on export processing zones as potential, useful tools in export promotion, and, outlines the general features, and objectives of these zones, highlighting country experiences, and offering policy recommendations for establishing them. It identifies three main goals of export processing zones: provision of foreign exchange earnings; job creation, and income generation; and, attracts foreign direct investments, which enhances knowledge, and technology transfer. While common features are generally shared, export zones are differentiated by public, or private ownership, or management, and, by dependent qualities of management, facilities, and services they provide, namely, defined as "high-end" or "low-end". Recommendations suggest that export processing zones is one of a number of tools, used to off-set anti-export bias, in distorted economies. But just like other export promotion tools, export zones are a second-best policy choice. Zones can play a dynamic role in the development of a country...

Export Dynamics and Productivity : Analysis of Mexican Manufacturing in the 1990s

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
The report examines the export performance of Mexican enterprises in the 1990s, to determine whether the intended effects of trade liberalization, have indeed occurred. The depth, and extent of changes in outward orientation of firms are explored, as well as the characteristics of firms that became more export-oriented. Further analysis focus on the degree of linkage between the export sector, and domestic economy, or conversely, the extent to which the export sector is an "enclave", whose behavior is independent from the rest of the economy. The factors that determine export behavior, and the extent to which exporting is "permanent" vs. "transitory" are reviewed, together with the extent to which productivity gains from exporting have been realized, whether through learning by direct exporters, or through spillovers to indirect exporters, and others. The report relies on statistical analysis of cross-section/time-series databases, with observations at the level of the individual plant, or firm...

How to Sustain Export Dynamism by Reducing Duality in the Dominican Republic

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
This report analyzes export competitiveness in the Dominican Republic drawing from the Trade Competitiveness Diagnostic methodology (Farole and Reis, 2012). Dominican exports fare well in terms of performance, sophistication, and survival in Special Economic Zones. Three main challenges are identified: 1) quality issues and rejection of agro exports in the US border; 2) the role of Special Economic Zones in the new decade and the lack of backward linkages; and 3) excessive concentration in terms of markets that is not addressed by a fragmented institutional setup.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Strengthening Bolivian Competitiveness : Export Diversification and Inclusive Growth

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
Bolivia's trade liberalization, launched in the mid-1980s, has resulted in a relatively open trade regime; but the results have been mixed. Bolivia's export to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ratio and export entrepreneurship index rating are among the highest in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region and the country has achieved great success in making soya the major export crop in less than 10 years. At the same time, the country's share in world trade has stagnated and exports are increasingly dominated by gas and minerals. Reinvigorating the nontraditional export sector is important for the government of Bolivia as it implements its national development plan. As a resource-rich country, the Bolivian government's emphasis on export diversification is well-placed but the optimal nontraditional export strategy should build on successes in the traditional sector. This study investigates: (a) the role trade should play in Bolivia's development strategy considering the country's natural resource endowment; (b) the lessons of Bolivia's integration to the world economy; (c) the linkages between Bolivia's past trade and economy and a forward-looking analysis of the impact of different scenarios on growth...

Chinese Firms' Entry to Export Markets : The Role of Foreign Export Spillovers

Mayneris, Florian; Poncet, Sandra
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
In this paper, the effect of proximity to multinational exporters on the creation of new export linkages (the extensive margin of trade) is debated. Using panel data from Chinese customs for 1997-2007, the capacity for Chinese domestic firms to begin exporting new varieties to new markets is shown to respond positively to the export activity of neighboring foreign firms. These spillovers are shown to be product and country specific. This conclusion is robust to fixed effects and instrumental variable specifications that control for both supply and demand shocks that could bias the estimations. The impact is sizable. The marginal impact of product-country-specific foreign export spillovers is five times as large as the effect of a 10 percent increase in the demand for the product in the destination country. Foreign export spillovers are also shown to be primarily limited to ordinary trade activities. Overall, our findings suggest that even for a country with an important cost-advantage such as China, there is room for initiatives from policy-makers that will diffuse best practices regarding export experience among exporters.

Vietnam : Export Performance in 1999 and Beyond

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
Changes in trade policies have been an essential component of the "doi moi" policy implemented by the Government of Vietnam since 1986. Over the years, most export quotas have been lifted and export taxes have been reduced to generally low levels. In addition, export activities by the private sector (both domestic and foreign) have been increasingly encouraged, thus breaking the trade monopoly of a small number of state-owned enterprises. These reforms -together with sound macroeconomic management- have led to a rapid export and import growth. The structure of exports also changed. During the 1990s, Vietnam started to exploit its comparative advantage in labor-intensive manufactures. Export growth was led by light manufactures, dominated by the garment and footwear sectors. Also remarkable, despite the shrinking share of agricultural goods in total exports, was the strong rise in the volume of rice exports. In only few years Vietnam turned from being a net rice importer into the world's second largest exporter. The Asian crisis has interrupted Vietnam's trade expansion. In 1998...