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Combined photocatalytic and fungal processes for the treatment of nitrocellulose industry wastewater

BARRETO-RODRIGUES, Marcio; SOUZA, Joao V. B.; SILVA, Erica S.; SILVA, Flavio T.; PAIVA, Teresa C. B.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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463.68332%
The objective of this work was to characterize the delignification effluent originating from the delignification industry and evaluate the combination of the fungus and photocatalytic process (TiO(2)/UV system) for the treatment of this effluent. The delignification effluent has proven harmful to the environment because it presents high color (3516 CU), total phenol (876 mg/L and TOC (1599 mg/L) and is also highly toxic even in a low concentration. The results of photocatalysis were 11%, 25% and 13% higher for reductions in color, total phenol and TOC, respectively. The combined treatments presented benefits when compared to the non-combined treatments. Fungus and photocatalysis in combination proved to be the best treatment, reducing the color, total phenol, toxicity (inhibition of Escherichia coli growth) and TOC by 94.2%, 92.6%, 4.9% and 62%, respectively. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; CAPES/PICDT; FAPESP; SCTDE/SP

Voriconazole, Combined with Amphotericin B, in the Treatment for Pulmonary Cryptococcosis Caused by C. neoformans (Serotype A) in Mice with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID)

Silva, Eriques Goncalves; Paula, Claudete Rodrigues; Baroni, Francisco de Assis; Gambale, Walderez
Fonte: SPRINGER; DORDRECHT Publicador: SPRINGER; DORDRECHT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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368.0163%
Cryptococcosis is a subacute or chronic systemic mycosis with a cosmopolitan nature, caused by yeast of the genus Cryptococcus neoformans. The model of systemic cryptococcosis in mice with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is useful for immunological and therapeutic study of the disease in immunodeficient hosts. Amphotericin B, fluconazole and flucytosine are the drugs most commonly used to treat cryptococcosis. Voriconazole is a triazole with high bioavailability, large distribution volume, and excellent penetration of the central nervous system. The objective of this study was to evaluate treatment with amphotericin B (AMB), voriconazole (VRC), and AMB, used in combination with VRC, of experimental pulmonary cryptococcosis in a murine model (SCID). The animals were inoculated intravenously (iv) with a solution containing 3.0 x 10(5) viable cells of C. neoformans ATCC 90112, (serotype A). Treatments were performed with amphotericin B (1.5 mg/kg/day), voriconazole (40.0 mg/kg/day) and AMB (1.5 mg/kg/day) combined with VRC (40.0 mg/kg/day); began 1 day after the initial infection; were daily; and lasted 15 days. Evaluations were performed using analysis of the survival curve and isolation of yeast in the lung tissue. There was a significant increase in survival in groups treated with AMB combined with VRC...

Parthenogenetic activation of bovine oocytes using single and combined strontium, ionomycin and 6-dimethylaminopurine treatments

Meo, S. C.; Yamazaki, W.; Ferreira, C. R.; Perecin, F.; Saraiva, N. Z.; Leal, C. L. V.; Garcia, J. M.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 295-306
ENG
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In vitro-matured (IVM) bovine oocytes were activated with single and combined treatments of strontium (S), ionomycin (1) and 6-DMAP (D). Using oocytes IVM for 26 h, we observed that activation altered cell cycle kinetics (faster progression, MIII arrest, or direct transition from MII to pronuclear stage) when compared to in vitro fertilization. The effect of oocyte age on early parthenogenesis was assessed in oocytes IVM for 22, 26 and 30 h. Better results in pronuclear development were obtained in treatments ISD (81.7%) at 22 h; D (66.7%), IS (63.3%), ID (73.3%) and ISD (76.7%) at 26 h; and D (86.7%), IS (85.0%) and ID (78.3%) at 30 h. Higher cleavage occurred on ISD (80.0%) at 22 h; ID (83.3%) and ISD (91.7%) at 26 h; and 1 (86.7%), IS (90.0%), ID (85.0%) and ISD (95.0%) at 30 h. More blastocysts were achieved in ID (25.0%) and ISD (18.3%) at 22h; and in ID at 26h (45.0%) and 30h (50.0%). We also observed that IS allowed higher haploid (77.4%) embryonic development, whilst ID was better for diploid (89.1%) development. It was concluded that association of S and D without I was not effective for blastocyst development; treatments using S were less influenced by oocyte age, but when S was associated with D there was a detrimental effect on aged oocytes; treatment ISD promoted higher activation and cleavage rates in young oocytes and ID protocol was the best for producing blastocysts.

Estabilização microbiologica de cerveja por alta pressão dinamica e tratamento combinado utilizando bioprotetores.; Microbiological stabilization of beer by dynamic high presures and combined treatments using bioprotectants.

Mark Alexandrow Franchi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/02/2007 PT
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A utilização de métodos inovadores de estabilização microbiológica em alimentos como alternativa ao método térmico tem se mostrado promissora para a obtenção do melhor compromisso entre segurança e qualidade. Alta pressão dinâmica e bioproteção são tecnologias inovadoras: alta pressão dinâmica (APD) ou homogeneização por ultra alta pressão (HUAP) utiliza-se de sistemas de compressão de fluido a pressões superiores a 100MPa, para então forçar o fluido através de uma estreita fenda causando brusca aceleração e forças de cisalhamento resultando na ruptura de células de microrganismos; bioproteção, por sua vez, consiste no emprego de substancias naturais ou produzidas a partir de fontes alimentícias com atividade antimicrobiana para a estabilização microbiológica de alimentos e processos. Concentrações inibitórias mínimas (MIC) de nisina, lisozima, extrato de lúpulo e sakacina foram medidas contra Lactobacillus brevis e delbruecki, Acetobacter aceti, Pediococcus sp. e duas cepas de leveduras selvagens. Nisina foi capaz de inibir o crescimento de Pediococcus sp (2,0 mg.L-1), L. brevis (3,0 mg.L-1) e L. delbruecki (0,8 mg.L-1), no entanto, o A. aceti não foi inibido até concentrações de 0,2 g.L-1. Lisozima inibiu L. delbruecki (1...

Combined antibiotic-phage therapies to control Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms

Sillankorva, Sanna; Rodrigues, A. C.; Azeredo, Joana
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2012 ENG
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368.0353%
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is responsible for 65% of mortality in hospitals all over the world. Its prevalence is attributed to factors such as: intrinsic resistance determined by virulence factors; acquired resistance mechanisms that lead to a low susceptibility to antimicrobial agents; and ability to attach to any natural and artificial surfaces and form biofilms. The emergence of new strategies to control P. aeruginosa biofilms is becoming more evident due to their tolerance to traditional treatments and bacteriophages have been recognized as an attractive alternative for this problem. Nevertheless, despite the potential of phages as antimicrobial agents, it is well known that bacteria can quickly adapt and create new survival strategies and the emergence of phage-resistant phenotypes is inevitable. Thus, the combination of phage and antibiotic therapies could have potentially more benefits than just using phages and antibiotics alone. This work describes the combinatory treatment using P. aeruginosa phages and antibiotics (amikacin, ciprofloxacin, piperacillin and tetracycline) against biofilms. The efficacy of phages and antibiotics were evaluated by the enumeration of viable cells and the determination of biofilm biomass. All antibiotics tested showed little efficacy against biofilms which were also very tolerant to phage infection...

Influence of aqueous ozone, blanching and combined treatments on microbial load of red bell peppers, strawberries and watercress

Alexandre, Elisabete M. C.; Santos-Pedro, Dora M.; Brandão, Teresa R. S.; Silva, Cristina L. M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 ENG
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The effectiveness of ozone in aqueous solution treatment on microbial inactivation was studied for three combinations microorganism/food: Listeria innocua/red bell peppers (artificially inoculated), total mesophiles/strawberries, and total coliforms/watercress, with two concentrations (0.3 and 2.0 ppm). Blanching treatments (50–60 C) were also individually applied and in combination with ozone, for studying possible synergistic effects. In relation to ozone treatments, the highest microbial reductions were obtained for the highest concentration with the highest treatment time (3 min). Under those conditions, L. innocua/peppers, total mesophiles/strawberries and total coliforms/watercress were reduced respectively 2.8 ± 0.5, 2.3 ± 0.4 and 1.7 ± 0.4 log-cycles. However, a substantial portion of the microbial populations were reduced by water washing alone, and the presence of ozone generally added an additional reduction of 0.5–1.0 log-cycles. If ozone at the highest concentration is used, the treatment impacts on L. innocua/peppers and total mesophiles/strawberries load reductions were equivalent to a blanching at 50 C (for the same treatment times). Combining blanching and ozone did not generate synergistic effects, and in some situations microbial reductions were lower than the ones observed when treatments were applied independently.

Microbial characterization of a mine soil subjected to different remediation technologies combining organic and inorganic treatments and plant cultivation

Varennes, A.; Basanta, R.; Baath, E.; Diaz-Ravina, M.
Fonte: Cordovil, C. e Ferreira, L. Publicador: Cordovil, C. e Ferreira, L.
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /09/2010 ENG
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RAMIRAN International Conference; In Portugal, additional research is needed if technologies based on the combined action of plants and the microbial communities they support within the rhizosphere are to be adopted in large-scale remediation actions (Nabais et al., 2008). Plants growing in abandoned mines are useful to indicate the mineral composition of the soil and they are able to accumulate or exclude toxic metals (Pratas et al., 2005). Taking into account that the mine degraded soils have low concentrations of plant nutrients, it is necessary to apply amendments to ensure plant cover when remediation technologies are present. But soil amendments and the development of a root system might induce shifts in the microbial community structure among the different treatments (Pérez-de-Mora et al., 2006). Moreover, data about the toxic effects of heavy metals on soil microorganisms indicated that heavy metal-sensitive bacteria are probably responsible for the decrease in bacterial activity and the competitive advantage of more tolerant ones resulted in a change in community composition (Díaz-Raviña and Bååth, 1996). Hence, relationships between the soil composition, plant species occurring above-ground and the soil microbial communities have been revealed in many research (Kourtev et al....

Combined effect of levan and cytotoxic agents on the growth of experimental tumours in mice.

Leibovici, J.; Stark, Y.; Wolman, M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/1983 EN
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366.4516%
The combined effect of the polysaccharide levan (previously shown to exert a host-dependent as well as direct antitumoural activity) and the cytotoxic agents cyclophosphamide (CY), methotrexate (MTX), vincristine (VINC) and 5-fluoro-uracil (SFU) was studied in Lewis lung carcinoma and AKR lymphoma. Combined chemo- and immunotherapy was applied beginning on the day of tumour cell inoculation. Additive effects were obtained with the combined treatments, compared to single treatments, with all the combinations except MTX-levan in Lewis lung carcinoma, where the combined effect was synergistic. The additive effect was obtained with different doses and routes of chemotherapy, whether local or intraperitoneal. A 2 mg dose of CY combined with levan administered at daily doses of 10 mg, resulted in a 100% prevention of Lewis lung carcinoma growth. It is suggested that the levan may have two beneficial effects: it can exert an inhibitory effect on tumour growth and diminish the deleterious effect of cytotoxic agents on the immune system.

The Effect of Extended Anaerobic Treatments on the Chromosomes of Vicia faba

Merz, Timothy
Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/01/1959 EN
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358.93793%
The effects of extended anaerobic treatments on Vicia faba lateral root-tip chromosomes were determined. It was observed that aberrations resulted from these treatments, and that the frequency varied from root to root as well as from experiment to experiment. It was suggested that the inconsistency observed might be due to variation in the abilities of different roots to produce energy via fermentation routes. If this were true, an inhibition of fermentation would result in a more consistent aberration frequency. A fermentation inhibitor, NaF, was used in combination with extended anaerobic treatments. The observed frequency of aberrations after the combined treatments was generally higher and considerably less variable. Although other hypotheses might account for the NaF effect, the hypothesis most compatible with the evidence is that the effect is due to energy deprivation. The experimental results are discussed in terms of the aforementioned effect and in terms of three alternative hypotheses for the production of chromosomal aberrations as a consequence of a lack of energy. It is concluded that damage might result from a build-up of normal cellular compounds to abnormally high concentrations which would act directly or indirectly on the chromosomes...

Methotrexate and Cyclosporine Treatments Modify the Activities of Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV and Prolyl Oligopeptidase in Murine Macrophages

Olivo, R. A.; Nascimento, N. G.; Teixeira, C. F. P.; Silveira, P. F.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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361.80668%
Analysis of the effects of cyclosporine A (25–28 mgkg−1) and/or methotrexate (0.1 mgkg−1) treatments on dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) and prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) activities and on algesic response in two distinct status of murine macrophages (Mφs) was undertaken. In resident Mφs, DPPIV and POP were affected by neither individual nor combined treatments. In thioglycolate-elicited Mφs, methotrexate increased DPPIV (99–110%) and POP (60%), while cyclosporine inhibited POP (21%). Combined treatment with both drugs promoted a rise (51–84%) of both enzyme activities. Only cyclosporine decreased (42%) the tolerance to algesic stimulus. Methotrexate was revealed to exert prevalent action over that of cyclosporine on proinflammatory Mφ POP. The opposite effects of methotrexate and cyclosporine on POP activity might influence the availability of the nociceptive mediators bradykinin and substance P in proinflammatory Mφs. The exacerbated response to thermally induced algesia observed in cyclosporine-treated animals could be related to upregulation of those mediators.

Hydrogen Peroxide-Induced Inhibition of Vasomotor Activity: Evaluation of Single and Combined Treatments With Vitamin A and Insulin in Streptozotocin-Diabetic Rats

Zobali, Fulya; Besler, Tanju; Ari, Nuray; Karasu, Çimen
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 EN
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461.3105%
A positive correlation has been established between increased oxidative stress and cardiovascular diseases in diabetes mellitus. We evaluated the effects of single or combined treatments with vitamin A (retinol acetate, 30 mg/kg/day, for 12-weeks) and insulin (8-10 IU/rat/day for the final 6-week) on vasomotor activity, oxidative stress and retinol metabolism in 12-week streptozotocin diabetic rats. The vasomotor activity was determined by measuring in vitro responsiveness of aorta rings to phenylephrine (PE) and acetylcholine (ACh) in the absence or in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Preincubation with H2O2 (10 μM) produced a significant decrease in PE (1 mM)-induced contraction in untreated-diabetic but not in control rats. Single treatment with insulin counteracted this effect of H2O2 and also reversed the increased contractile response of diabetic aorta to PE, while vitamin A was found to be ineffective. H2O2 (10 μM) also inhibited ACh (1 mM)-stimulated endothelium- dependent relaxation two fold more in diabetic than in control aorta. In the prevention of H2O2-induced inhibition of vascular relaxation to ACh, vitamin A alone was markedly effective while insulin alone was not. The combination of vitamin A plus insulin removed the inhibitory action of H2O2 in diabetic aorta. Diabetic animals displayed an increased level of aorta thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) in association with decreased levels of plasma retinol and retinol-binding protein (RBP). Single treatment with insulin...

Is there room for combined modality treatments? Dosimetric comparison of boost strategies for advanced head and neck and prostate cancer

Góra, Joanna; Hopfgartner, Johannes; Kuess, Peter; Paskeviciute, Brigita; Georg, Dietmar
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2013 EN
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361.3105%
The purpose of the study was to determine the dosimetric difference between three emerging treatment modalities—volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT), intensity-modulated proton beam therapy (IMPT) and intensity-modulated carbon ion beam therapy (IMIT)—for two tumour sites where selective boosting of the tumour is applied. For 10 patients with locally advanced head and neck (H&N) cancer and 10 with high-risk prostate cancer (PC) a VMAT plan was generated for PTVinitial that included lymph node regions, delivering 50 Gy (IsoE) for H&N and 50.4 Gy (IsoE) for PC patients. Furthermore, separate boost plans (VMAT, IMPT and IMIT) were created to boost PTVboost up to 70 Gy (IsoE) and 78 Gy (IsoE) for H&N and PC cases, respectively. Doses to brainstem, myelon, larynx and parotid glands were assessed for H&N cases. Additionally, various OARs (e.g. cochlea, middle ear, masticator space) were evaluated that are currently discussed with respect to quality of life after treatment. For PC cases, bladder, rectum and femoral heads were considered as OARs. For both tumour sites target goals were easily met. Looking at OAR sparing, generally VMAT + VMAT was worst. VMAT + IMIT had the potential to spare some structures in very close target vicinity (such as cochlea...

Combined Treatment of Mulberry Leaf and Fruit Extract Ameliorates Obesity-Related Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Mice

Lim, Hyun Hwa; Yang, Soo Jin; Kim, Yuri; Lee, Myoungsook; Lim, Yunsook
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2013 EN
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365.2907%
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a combined treatment of mulberry leaf extract (MLE) and mulberry fruit extract (MFE) was effective for improving obesity and obesity-related inflammation and oxidative stress in high fat (HF) diet-induced obese mice. After obesity was induced by HF diet for 9 weeks, the mice were divided into eight groups: (1) lean control, (2) HF diet-induced obese control, (3) 1:1 ratio of MLE and MFE at doses of 200 (L1:1), (4) 500 (M1:1), and (5) 1000 (H1:1) mg/kg per day, and (6) 2:1 ratio of MLE and MFE at doses of 200 (L2:1), (7) 500 (M2:1), and (8) 1000 (H2:1) mg/kg per day. All six combined treatments significantly lowered body weight gain, plasma triglycerides, and lipid peroxidation levels after the 12-week treatment period. Additionally, all combined treatments suppressed hepatic fat accumulation and reduced epididymal adipocyte size. These improvements were accompanied by decreases in protein levels of proinflammatory markers (tumor necrosis factor-alpha, C-reactive protein, interleukin-1, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and phospho-nuclear factor-kappa B inhibitor alpha) and oxidative stress markers (heme oxygenase-1 and manganese superoxide dismutase). M2:1 was the most effective ratio and dose for the improvements in obesity...

Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) in Preclinical Studies of Antivascular Treatments

Nielsen, Thomas; Wittenborn, Thomas; Horsman, Michael R.
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/11/2012 EN
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360.2482%
Antivascular treatments can either be antiangiogenic or targeting established tumour vasculature. These treatments affect the tumour microvasculature and microenvironment but may not change clinical measures like tumour volume and growth. In research on antivascular treatments, information on the tumour vasculature is therefore essential. Preclinical research is often used for optimization of antivascular drugs alone or in combined treatments. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) is an in vivo imaging method providing vascular information, which has become an important tool in both preclinical and clinical research. This review discusses common DCE-MRI imaging protocols and analysis methods and provides an overview of preclinical research on antivascular treatments utilizing DCE-MRI.

Effects of Single or Combined Treatments with Radiation and Chemotherapy on Survival and Danger Signals Expression in Glioblastoma Cell Lines

Pasi, Francesca; Paolini, Alessandro; Nano, Rosanna; Di Liberto, Riccardo; Capelli, Enrica
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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464.4848%
The success of chemo- and radiotherapy in glioblastoma multiforme, the most common and lethal primary brain tumour, could rely on the induction of immunogenic tumour cell death and on the induction of anticancer immune response. In this study we investigated cell survival to single treatments or combination of X-rays and temozolomide in glioblastoma cell lines (T98G and U251MG) and we attempted to identify danger signals (HMGB1 and HSP70) released by dying cells in the microenvironment that could activate antitumour immunity contributing to the therapeutic efficacy of conventional treatments. Our data suggest that HSP70 translocates from cytoplasm to extracellular environment after an increase in radiation dose and HMGB1 translocates from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and subsequently is released into the extracellular space, confirming a role of these proteins as signals released after radiation-induced damage in glioblastoma cells. We also could state that TMZ had limited effectiveness in activating HMGB1 and HSP70 signalling and, instead, an adjuvant effect was observed in some combined treatments, depending on schedule, cell line, and timing. A big challenge in tumour therapy is, therefore, to identify the most beneficial combination and chronology of multiple treatment options to contribute to the improvement of the therapeutic outcome.

Combined Effects of Lanthanum (III) and Acid Rain on Antioxidant Enzyme System in Soybean Roots

Zhang, Xuanbo; Du, Yuping; Wang, Lihong; Zhou, Qing; Huang, Xiaohua; Sun, Zhaoguo
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/07/2015 EN
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359.70793%
Rare earth element pollution (REEs) and acid rain (AR) pollution simultaneously occur in many regions, which resulted in a new environmental issue, the combined pollution of REEs and AR. The effects of the combined pollution on the antioxidant enzyme system of plant roots have not been reported. Here, the combined effects of lanthanum ion (La3+), one type of REE, and AR on the antioxidant enzyme system of soybean roots were investigated. In the combined treatment of La3+ (0.08 mM) and AR, the cell membrane permeability and the peroxidation of cell membrane lipid of soybean roots increased, and the superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase and reduced ascorbic acid served as scavengers of reactive oxygen species. In other combined treatments of La3+ (0.40 mM, 1.20 mM) and AR, the membrane permeability, malonyldialdehyde content, superoxide dismutase activity, peroxidase activity and reduced ascorbic acid content increased, while the catalase activity decreased. The increased superoxide dismutase activity, peroxidase activity and reduced ascorbic acid content were inadequate to scavenge the excess hydrogen peroxide and superoxide, leading to the damage of the cell membrane, which was aggravated with the increase in the concentration of La3+ and the level of AR. The deleterious effects of the combined treatment of La3+ and AR were stronger than those of the single treatment of La3+ or AR. Moreover...

Combined Treatments Reduce Chilling Injury and Maintain Fruit Quality in Avocado Fruit during Cold Quarantine

Sivankalyani, Velu; Feygenberg, Oleg; Maorer, Dalia; Zaaroor, Merav; Fallik, Elazar; Alkan, Noam
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/10/2015 EN
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361.80668%
Quarantine treatment enables export of avocado fruit (Persea americana) to parts of the world that enforce quarantine against fruit fly. The recommended cold-based quarantine treatment (storage at 1.1°C for 14 days) was studied with two commercial avocado cultivars ‘Hass’ and ‘Ettinger’ for 2 years. Chilling injuries (CIs) are prevalent in the avocado fruit after cold-quarantine treatment. Hence, we examined the effect of integrating several treatments: modified atmosphere (MA; fruit covered with perforated polyethylene bags), methyl jasmonate (MJ; fruit dipped in 2.5 μM MJ for Hass or 10 μM MJ for Ettinger for 30 s), 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP; fruit treated with 300 ppb 1-MCP for 18 h) and low-temperature conditioning (LTC; a gradual decrease in temperature over 3 days) on CI reduction during cold quarantine. Avocado fruit stored at 1°C suffered from severe CI, lipid peroxidation, and increased expression of chilling-responsive genes of fruit peel. The combined therapeutic treatments alleviated CI in cold-quarantined fruit to the level in fruit stored at commercial temperature (5°C). A successful therapeutic treatment was developed to protect ‘Hass’ and ‘Ettinger’ avocado fruit during cold quarantine against fruit fly...

Preservación de productos frutales mínimamente procesados mediante la aplicación de luz UV y su combinación con otras tecnologías emergentes; Minimally processed fruits using UV light combined with other emerging technologies

Schenk, Marcela Liliana
Fonte: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires Publicador: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; tesis doctoral; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2010 SPA
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568.0353%
En los últimos años se ha explorado el uso de tecnologías de preservación innovadoras que involucran procesos no-térmicos con el objeto de reemplazar la severidad de los tratamientos térmicos. El objetivo general de este trabajo fue evaluar la eficiencia de la aplicación única de luz ultravioleta ó combinada con la utilización de peróxido de hidrógeno (H2O2) en tratamientos multifactoriales para inhibir y/o inactivar microorganismos patógenos y deteriorativos de derivados frutales. Se estudió la cinética de inactivación de inóculos simples y mixtos de diversos microorganismos en rodajas de pera y manzana con y sin piel, en función de la dosis de luz UV-C. Las curvas de inactivación se modelaron aplicando un modelo primario tipo Weibull. Para algunos casos se analizaron los efectos fisiológicos y estructurales mediante citometría de flujo y microscopía electrónica de transmisión. Además se evaluó la flora nativa, se realizaron estudios sensoriales con consumidores y se midió la evolución del color de las rodajas de pera procesadas según el tratamiento combinado propuesto: inmersión en H2O2 (3%; pH 3,0; 5 min) y posterior irradiación con luz UV-C (3,7 kJ/m2), y luz UV-C sólo, durante 7 días de almacenamiento en refrigeración (4°C). El tipo de matriz influyó en la inactivación microbiana observada...

Effects of voluntary physical exercise, citicoline, and combined treatment on object recognition memory, neurogenesis and neuroprotection after traumatic brain injury in rats

Jacotte Simancas, Alejandra; Costa-Miserachs, David; Coll-Andreu, Margalida; Torras-Garcia, Meritxell; Borlongan, César V.; Portell-Cortés, Isabel
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
365.6625%
Final publication is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2014.3502; The biochemical and cellular events that lead to secondary neural damage after traumatic brain injury (TBI) contribute to long-term disabilities, including memory deficits. There is a need to search for single and/or combined treatments aimed at reducing these TBI-related dysfunctions. The effects of citicoline and of voluntary physical exercise in a running wheel (3 weeks), alone or in combination, on TBI-related short-term (3 h) and long-term (24 h) object recognition memory (ORM) deficits, and on neurogenesis and neuroprotection were examined using a rodent model of TBI(controlled cortical impact injury). Citicoline improved memory deficits at the two times tested, while physical exercise only in the long-term test. Physical exercise had a clear neuroprotective effect as indicated by reduced interhemispheric differences in hippocampal formation and lateral ventricle volumes and in density of mature neurons in the hilus of the dentate gyrus and the perirhinal cortex. Physical exercise also increased cell proliferation and neurogenesis in the granular cell layer of the dentate gyrus. Some degree of neuroprotection of citicoline was suggested by reduced interhemispheric differences in the volume of the hippocampal formation. Contrary to what was expected...

Electrocoagulation and Anodic Oxidation Integrated Process to Treat Leachate from a Portuguese Sanitary Landfill

Norma,D.; Fernandes,A.; Pacheco,M.J.; Ciríaco,L.; Lopes,A.
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2012 EN
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The electrochemical treatment of leachate samples from a Portuguese intermunicipal sanitary landfill was carried out using combined electrocoagulation/anodic oxidation processes. The electrocoagulation (EC) was performed with iron consumable anodes, at different initial pH, with and without stirring, at different applied potentials. In the anodic oxidation (AO) assays, a boron-doped diamond anode was used and applied current densities of 10 to 30 mA/cm² were tested. The influence of the experimental conditions of the electrocoagulation pretreatment on the anodic oxidation performance was also assessed. In the EC assays the lowest iron and energy consumptions per mass of organic load removed were obtained at initial pH of 4 in the unstirred assays. In the combined treatments, the highest average current efficiency in the anodic oxidation was obtained for the samples with EC pretreatment performed at pH of 6. For the combined treatment with EC pretreatment run at natural pH of 8.6, an increase in AO current density led to a decrease in average current efficiency.