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Análise do orçamento de uma amostra de famílias brasileiras: um estudo baseado na pesquisa de orçamentos familiares do IBGE ; Analysis of the budget of one sample of Brazilian families: a study based on the research of familiar budgets of IBGE

Silva, Hermes Moretti Ribeiro da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/11/2004 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
A presente dissertação estuda as influências da renda e de outras variáveis demográficas sobre o orçamento de uma amostra de famílias de onze regiões metropolitanas brasileiras constantes na POF – Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares de 1995/1996, preparada pelo IBGE – Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. O referencial teórico discute conceitos de sociedade de consumo de massa, sociedade de consumo no Brasil, modelos de comportamento do consumidor, influências da renda na composição do orçamento familiar e a importância de outras variáveis que influenciam os padrões de consumo de uma família. Por meio de uma metodologia descritiva e quantitativa, é apresentado um conjunto de tabelas e gráficos referentes às categorias de despesa que compõem o orçamento familiar. É analisado o padrão de comprometimento da renda nos diferentes níveis de renda familiar e sugerida uma operacionalização dos conceitos de renda discricionária e não discricionária para a amostra de famílias estudadas. Para fins de apresentação do uso da POF pelos profissionais de marketing, são realizados diversos cortes de análise que podem ser aplicados em estudos de segmentação e determinação do potencial de mercado de um produto ou serviço. O conjunto de análises realizadas sugere que o orçamento familiar e os padrões de consumo são influenciados pela renda familiar. O comportamento das categorias de despesa familiar também varia conforme o nível de renda. Além disso...

Evidências da sofisticação do padrão de consumo dos domicílios brasileiros: uma análise de cestas de produtos de consumo doméstico; Evidence of the sophistication of consumption patterns of Brazilian households: an analysis of household consumption product baskets

Luppe, Marcos Roberto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/12/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
A economia brasileira passa por um momento positivo em sua história, devido principalmente a fatores gerados pela estabilidade econômica advinda com o Plano Real. O conjunto de dados apresentados neste trabalho evidencia uma melhora das condições socioeconômicas de grande parte da população, o que levou a um aumento da renda dos indivíduos e um fortalecimento do poder de consumo dos brasileiros. Nesse contexto, esta tese teve como objetivo a busca de evidências que indicassem uma mudança e possível sofisticação do padrão de consumo dos domicílios brasileiros. Além disso, procurou-se verificar em quais níveis socioeconômicos e em quais regiões as mudanças do padrão de consumo foram mais significativas. Os dados utilizados neste trabalho derivam de um painel de consumidores (Homescan) e foram analisadas informações de dez categorias de produtos de consumo doméstico para os anos de 2007, 2008 e 2009, considerando-se as áreas geográficas auditadas pela Nielsen e os níveis socioeconômicos dos domicílios. Nas análises dos dados, utilizaram-se modelos de equações de estimação generalizadas (EEG), além de análises estatísticas descritivas para avaliar a evolução das variáveis não-contempladas nesses modelos. Além disso...

Bebidas alcoólicas : padrões de consumo e perceção de consumo moderado

Borlido, Luís Alberto Antunes
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão Publicador: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Mestrado em Marketing; O consumo de bebidas alcoólicas (vinho, cerveja, espirituosas) faz, desde há séculos, parte das práticas e tradições da cultura ocidental. No entanto, não existe uma definição consensual do que é o consumo moderado de bebidas alcoólicas, nem de como os indivíduos, sendo ou não consumidores, interpretam o consumo moderado. O objetivo deste estudo é pois conhecer a perceção do conceito de consumo moderado de bebidas alcoólicas, através da análise dos comportamentos associados ao consumo moderado, e da opinião sobre o número máximo de bebidas alcoólicas que uma pessoa saudável pode beber, em determinados contextos. Para responder a esta questão foi realizado um trabalho empírico de natureza quantitativa, com recurso a um questionário online, sendo a amostra constituída por 376 indivíduos maiores de 18 anos. Os resultados permitem concluir que há diferenças significativas na perceção de consumo moderado, segundo as variáveis género e padrões de consumo, definidos em termos de frequência e quantidade consumida.; For centuries the consumption of alcoholic beverages (wine, beer, or spirits) has been part of the customs and traditions of Western culture. However, there is no consensus of what the definition of the moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages is...

Context-based identification of energy consumption in industrial plants

Cruz, João Manuel da Costa e
Fonte: Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /12/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Nowadays, reducing energy consumption is one of the highest priorities and biggest challenges faced worldwide and in particular in the industrial sector. Given the increasing trend of consumption and the current economical crisis, identifying cost reductions on the most energy-intensive sectors has become one of the main concerns among companies and researchers. Particularly in industrial environments, energy consumption is affected by several factors, namely production factors(e.g. equipments), human (e.g. operators experience), environmental (e.g. temperature), among others, which influence the way of how energy is used across the plant. Therefore, several approaches for identifying consumption causes have been suggested and discussed. However, the existing methods only provide guidelines for energy consumption and have shown difficulties in explaining certain energy consumption patterns due to the lack of structure to incorporate context influence, hence are not able to track down the causes of consumption to a process level, where optimization measures can actually take place. This dissertation proposes a new approach to tackle this issue, by on-line estimation of context-based energy consumption models, which are able to map operating context to consumption patterns. Context identification is performed by regression tree algorithms. Energy consumption estimation is achieved by means of a multi-model architecture using multiple RLS algorithms...

Within-day drinking water consumption patterns: Results from a drinking water consumption survey

BARRAJ, LEILA; SCRAFFORD, CAROLYN; LANTZ, JENNIFER; DANIELS, CARRIE; MIHLAN, GARY
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Data currently available on drinking water intakes do not support dietary exposure estimates for contaminants that have acute effects lasting less than 24 h. Realistic exposure estimates for these types of contaminants in drinking water require detailed information on amounts and time of consumption for each drinking occasion during a day. A nationwide water consumption survey was conducted to address how often, when, and how much water is consumed at specific times during the day. The survey was conducted in two waves, to represent two seasons, and the survey instrument consisted of 7-day water consumption diaries. Data on total daily amounts consumed, number of drinking occasions per day, amounts consumed per drinking occasion, and intervals between drinking occasions show larger between-subjects variation than within-subject variation. Statistically significant associations were also observed between drinking water consumption patterns and participants’ ages and sex and geographical regions in which these participants live. The number of drinking occasions on a given day varied from 0 to 19, with the majority of respondents reporting 6 or less drinking occasions per day. The average interval between drinking occasions varied from 1 to 17 h...

Noodle consumption patterns of American consumers: NHANES 2001-2002

Chung, Chin Eun; Lee, Kyung Won; Cho, Mi Sook
Fonte: The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition Publicador: The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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46.15%
Although noodles occupy an important place in the dietary lives of Americans, up until the present time research and in-depth data on the noodle consumption patterns of the US population have been very limited. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the food consumption and diet patterns of noodle consumers and non-consumers according to age, gender, income, and ethnicity. The 2001-2002 NHANES databases were used. The NHANES 2001-2002 data showed that noodle consumers reporting noodle consumption in their 24-h recall were 2,035 individuals (23.3% of total subjects). According to the results, the mean noodle consumption was 304.1 g/day/person, with 334.3 g for males and 268.0 g for females. By age, the intake of those in the age range of 9-18 years old ranked highest at 353.0 g, followed by the order of 19-50 year-olds with 333.5 g, 51-70 year-olds with by 280.4 g, older than 71years old with 252.3 g, and 1-8 year-olds with 221.5 g. By gender, males consumed more noodles than females. Also, according to income, the intake amount for the middle-income level (PIR 1~1.85) of consumers was highest at 312.5 g. Noodle intake also showed different patterns by ethnicity in which the "other" ethnic group consumed the most noodles with 366.1 g...

Consumption Patterns of Fruit and Vegetable Juices and Dietary Nutrient Density among French Children and Adults

Francou, Aurée; Hebel, Pascale; Braesco, Véronique; Drewnowski, Adam
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/07/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption is a marker of higher-quality diets; less is known about the contribution of 100% fruit and vegetable juices (FVJ) to diet quality. Objective: To explore FVJ consumption patterns in relation to dietary nutrient density among French children (aged 3–14 years old) and adults (≥21 years old). Methods: Analyses were based on the nationally representative 2013 CCAF (Comportements et Consommations Alimentaires en France) survey of 1930 respondents, stratified by age group, FVJ consumption, and socioeconomic status (SES). Dietary nutrient density was based on the Nutrient Rich Food (NRF9.3) index, adjusted for gender and age. Results: Mean total consumption of fruits and vegetables was 2.6 servings/day for children and 3.8 servings/day for adults. Mean population consumption of FVJ was 83 mL/day for children and 54.6 mL/day for adults, equivalent to 0.4 servings/day and 0.3 servings/day respectively. FVJ consumers had higher quality diets than did non-consumers, after adjusting for covariates. The respective NRF9.3 values were 486.4 ± 4.3 vs. 428.7 ± 7.5 for children and 460.7 ± 4.4 vs. 435.4 ± 4.4 for adults. FVJ consumers had similar or higher intakes of fruits and vegetables than did non-consumers. The socioeconomic gradient for FVJ consumption was much weaker (p < 0.046) than for whole fruit (p < 0.01). Conclusions: In a nationally representative sample of French children and adults...

European food consumption: convergence or persistent difference?

Healy, Amy Erbe
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
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peer-reviewed; This study has analysed food expenditure patterns to determine if consumption is converging both within and across nation states in the European Union. Convergence theory posits that with similar levels of economic development, countries should be becoming similar in other ways as well, such as organisational and political structures and cultural patterns. Food expenditure data from household budget surveys have been analysed from 1985 to 2005 for a sample of countries. Data sets included were: the UK’s Expenditure and Food Survey, Ireland’s Household Budget Survey, Italy’s Indagine sui Consumi delle famiglie and France’s Enquête budget des familles. With the influences of European Union membership specifically and globalisation in general, it could be hypothesised that national differences in expenditure patterns may not be important, with other factors, such as educational attainment, being more discriminating. To assess change within countries, changes in the mean percentage of food expenditures and coefficient of variations for major food groupings were compared over time. To assess change between countries, cluster analysis and fractional logistic and fractional multinomial logistic regression were used as well. This analysis has found that country is still a significant determinant of food expenditure patterns. However...

Vertical Transmission of Consumption Behavior and the Distribution of Surnames

Collado, M. Dolores; Ortuño Ortin, Ignacio; Romeu, Andrés
Fonte: Universidade de Múrcia Publicador: Universidade de Múrcia
Tipo: Outros Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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This paper attempts to detect the existence of links in consumption patterns between generations. Preferences for consumption goods may be determined by the preferences of parents and/or by preferences arising from the environment. We propose an indirect methodology to overcome the lack of data on consumption choices of dynasties, i.e., parents and their adult offspring. This new approach is based on the analysis of the correlation between the geographical distributions of surnames and consumption choices. Our results show that there is a significant intergenerational link on consumption patterns for food items but not for the rest of consumption goods.

Dietary patterns in pregnancy and birth weight

Coelho,Natália de Lima Pereira; Cunha,Diana Barbosa; Esteves,Ana Paula Pereira; Lacerda,Elisa Maria de Aquino; Theme Filha,Mariza Miranda
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
OBJECTIVE To analyze if dietary patterns during the third gestational trimester are associated with birth weight.METHODS Longitudinal study conducted in the cities of Petropolis and Queimados, Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Southeastern Brazil, between 2007 and 2008. We analyzed data from the first and second follow-up wave of a prospective cohort. Food consumption of 1,298 pregnant women was assessed using a semi-quantitative questionnaire about food frequency. Dietary patterns were obtained by exploratory factor analysis, using the Varimax rotation method. We also applied the multivariate linear regression model to estimate the association between food consumption patterns and birth weight.RESULTS Four patterns of consumption – which explain 36.4% of the variability – were identified and divided as follows: (1) prudent pattern (milk, yogurt, cheese, fruit and fresh-fruit juice, cracker, and chicken/beef/fish/liver), which explained 14.9% of the consumption; (2) traditional pattern, consisting of beans, rice, vegetables, breads, butter/margarine and sugar, which explained 8.8% of the variation in consumption; (3) Western pattern (potato/cassava/yams, macaroni, flour/farofa/grits, pizza/hamburger/deep fried pastries, soft drinks/cool drinks and pork/sausages/egg)...

Fish consumption patterns and hair mercury levels in children and their mothers in 17 EU countries

CASTANO Argelia; CUTANDA Francisco; ESTEBAN Marta; PART Peter; NAVARRO Carmen; GOMEZ Silvia; ROSADO Montserrat; LOPEZ Ana; LOPEZ Estrella; EXLEY Karen; SCHINDLER Birgit; GOVARTS Eva; CASTELEYN Ludwine; KOLOSSA-GEHRING Marike; FIDDIKE Ulrike; KOCH Holger;
Fonte: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE Publicador: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The toxicity of methylmercury (MeHg) in humans is well established and the main source of exposure is via the consumption of large marine fish and mammals. Of particular concern are the potential neuro- developmental effects of early life exposure to low-levels of MeHg. Therefore, it is important that pregnant women, children and women of childbearing age are, as far as possible, protected from MeHg exposure. Within the European project DEMOCOPHES, we have analyzed mercury (Hg) in hair in 1799 mother– child pairs from 17 European countries using a strictly harmonized protocol for mercury analysis. Parallel, harmonized questionnaires on dietary habits provided information on consumption patterns of fish and marine products. After hierarchical cluster analysis of consumption habits of the mother–child pairs, the DEMOCOPHES cohort can be classified into two branches of approximately similar size: one with high fish consumption (H) and another with low consumption (L). All countries have representatives in both branches, but Belgium, Denmark, Spain, Portugal and Sweden have twice as many or more mother–child pairs in H than in L. For Switzerland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Slovakia the situation is the opposite...

Intergenerational linkages in consumption patterns and the geographical distribution of surnames

Collado, M. Dolores; Ortuño, Ignacio; Romeu, A.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/2012 ENG
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This paper attempts to detect the existence of links in consumption patterns between generations. Preferences over consumption goods may be determined by the preferences of parents and/or by preferences arising from the environment. We propose an indirect methodology to overcome the lack of data on consumption choices of dynasties, i.e., parents and their adult offspring. This new approach is based on the analysis of the correlation between the geographical distributions of surnames and consumption choices.We show that there is no signifi cant intergenerational link on consumption patterns for non food goods. Our results also suggest that there is a link between parents' and children's preferences over food items; Authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Spanish MEC through grants ECO2008-05721, ECO2011-29751, ECO 2010-19596 and ECO2010-19830. Romeu also acknowledges financial support from Fundación SENECA 11998; We specially thank Luis Ubeda for his very useful suggestions and comments. We also thank Klaus Desmet, Jaime Kahhat, Javier Ruiz-Castillo, Christian Schultz and two anonymous referees

Consumo de servicios y ciclo vital : un análisis de los hogares españoles con datos de corte transversal; Consumption of services and cycle vital : an analysis of the Spanish hoseholds with data of cross section

Camacho Ballesta, José Antonio; Hernández Peinado, Manuel
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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En las últimas décadas, como consecuencia del avance hacia una sociedad más cada día más consumista, simultáneamente ha aumentado el interés por parte de los economistas acerca de las relaciones entre consumo y la renta dando lugar a múltiples teorías e interpretaciones. Así, el ciclo vital ha pasado a ser uno de los principales factores explicativos del comportamiento del gasto de las familias. Este trabajo aborda la influencia del ciclo vital familiar sobre las pautas de consumo de servicios y permite detectar la significativa heterogeneidad en las pautas de consumo familiar de servicios según la composición del hogar, la edad del sustentador principal y el nivel de ingresos de la familia. En el análisis de las elasticidades, se establece una dicotomía entre los servicios de lujo y los básicos por lo que el acceso de los hogares a los distintos servicios afecta a la propia distribución de la renta, cuestión que siempre debe ser valorada en la instrumentación de las políticas económicas.; During the last decades, partly as a consequence of the spread of consumerism, the interest of economists in the relationship between consumption and income is growing, giving place to a number of theories and interpretations. Therefore...

Consumption, Health, Gender, and Poverty

Case, Anne; Deaton, Angus
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Standard methods of measuring poverty assume that an individual is poor if he or she lives in a family whose income or consumption lies below an appropriate poverty line. Such methods provide only limited insight into male and female poverty separately. Nevertheless, there are reasons why household resources are linked to the gender composition of the household: women's earnings are often lower than men's; families in some countries control their fertility through differential stopping rules; and women live longer than men. It is also possible to link family expenditure patterns to the gender composition of the household, something the authors illustrate using data from India and South Africa. Such a procedure provides useful information on who gets what, but cannot tell us how total resources are allocated between males and females. More can be gleaned from data on consumption by individual household members, and for many goods, collecting such information is good survey practice in any case. Even so, it will be some time before such information can be used routinely to produce estimates of poverty by gender. A more promising approach is likely to come within a broader definition of poverty that includes health (and possibly education) as well as income. The authors discuss recent work on collecting self-reported measures of nonfatal health and argue that such measures are already useful for assessing the relative health status of males and females. The evidence is consistent with non-elderly women generally having poorer health than non-elderly men. The authors emphasize the importance of simultaneously measuring poverty in multiple dimensions. The different components of well-being are correlated...

Iniquidades socioeconômicas na conformação dos padrões alimentares de crianças e adolescentes; Socioeconomic inequality shaping the dietary patterns of children and teens

Ribeiro Silva, Rita de Cassia; Oliveira Assis, Ana Marlucia; Szarfarc, Sophia Cornbluth; Pinto, Elizabete de Jesus; Carneiro da Costa, Lilia Carolina; Rodrigues, Laura Cunha
Fonte: PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDADE CATOLICA CAMPINAS; CAMPINAS Publicador: PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDADE CATOLICA CAMPINAS; CAMPINAS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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OBJETIVO: Identificar e quantificar a influência dos fatores socioeconômicos sobre os padrões alimentares. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de base populacional com amostra de 1.136 crianças e adolescentes de 7 a 14 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos, matriculados na rede pública de Salvador (BA), Brasil. O consumo alimentar foi medido por meio do questionário qualitativo de frequência alimentar. Os padrões de consumo foram identificados por meio de análise de componentes principais. Para o estudo da influência dos indicadores socioeconômicos na conformação dos padrões alimentares, foram utilizados modelos de regressão quantílica. RESULTADOS: Os padrões alimentares extraídos foram classificados em padrão obesogênico e padrão tradicional. Nos modelos de regressão quantílica, ajustados por faixa etária e por sexo, o menor grau de instrução materna esteve associado negativamente, em níveis significantes, na maioria dos percentis, ao consumo de alimentos que integram o padrão obesogênico. A baixa renda associou-se negativamente aos maiores percentis (p>95). Os dados indicam não haver influência dos indicadores socioeconômicos sobre o consumo de alimentos que integram o padrão tradicional. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que há influência dos fatores socioeconômicos na adesão ao padrão obesogênico de consumo. Esse conjunto de resultados requer a atenção dos gestores públicos para a identificação de um padrão de consumo ocidental...

Communist Revolution to Consumer Revolution: A study of saving and consumption patterns for urban members of China’s Generation Y and the social drivers behind those patterns

Quinn, Conor
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 25/01/2015 EN_US
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In November of 2013 during the Communist Party’s Third Plenum, the government of the PRC announced an effort to shift the drivers of economic growth from heavy government spending and exports to domestic demand. This shift will require a push to increase consumption and drive down savings among Chinese citizens since past studies have shown a high propensity to save among Chinese and relatively low levels of personal consumption when compared to international peers, attributed to China’s unique growth path and culture. Yet no study has examined the consumption patterns of China’s youngest generation, Generation Y, which has grown up under widely different circumstances than previous generations. My paper analyzes a sample population of 70 people between 22 and 34 in Chinese cities. It concludes that due to societal factors related to the One Child Policy and the Reform and Opening of the late 20th Century, that Generation Y saves less and consumes proportionately more than the rest of Chinese society. Factors driving this trend include this generation’s greater susceptibility to advertisements, their lower incomes, and their strong belief in continued economic growth, which are factors unique to Generation Y. Understanding Generation Y and their savings and consumption patterns will be important for the Chinese government as it works to increase individual consumption as a way to fuel economic growth...

Print media paper consumption patterns through a system dynamics approach

Tejada Abreu, Alicia
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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46.13%
As awareness of the current unsustainable state of our society increases, it has become evident that immediate action is needed to change this state. Many of the ecological changes that threaten the long-term survival of humans and of other species have anthropogenic origins. Industry's impact and its role in mitigating these impacts is the focus of much discussion and debate. Two industries that are working to deal with these issues are the printing and paper industries. The environmental impacts associated with the entire life-cycle of paper are significant, yet the socially redeeming value of the content printed can be equally as significant. A curious paradox is that advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have long been predicted to lead to a reduction in media use, resulting in the so-called paperless office, but this has not been the case. Until recently, the observed trends worldwide demonstrate that in most countries paper consumption has been on the rise, however in some developed countries there is some suggestion that this trend may be reversing. The work of Sellen and Harper (2002) provides a qualitative explanation of why paper consumption is on the rise. Nonetheless, there is little research that develops quantitative models to explain paper consumption patterns. This thesis leverages Sellen and Harper's qualitative models to develop a system dynamics model to explain the effects and interactions between ICT...

Study on the mortality in Ecuador related to dietary factors

Neira-Mosquera,Juan Alejandro; Pérez-Rodríguez,Fernando; Sánchez-Llaguno,Sungey; Moreno Rojas,Rafael
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2013 ENG
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Diet is an important factor related to the development of numerous diseases. In developing countries like Ecuador, this aspect is not considered as priority however, the study of the incidence of certain diet-related diseases could help to assess consumption habits of a country from a Public Health perspective and support national nutrition policies and programs. The objective the present study is to investigate the mortality rate of certain diet-related diseases in Ecuador and its possible relationship with Ecuadorian consumption habits. For that, mortality rates (2001-2008) associated with five different disease groups related to dietary factors (cancer of colon, cerebrovascular diseases, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and liver diseases) were collected, analyzed and compared to consumption patterns in Ecuador. According to results, Ecuador has a low level of cancer of colon in comparison with developed countries (e.g. Spain). The group with the highest number of deaths corresponded to cardiovascular diseases followed by cerebrovas-cular diseases. The mortality study per province revealed that Amazonian provinces showed few deaths in relation to other provinces in Ecuador. This could be due to different factors including fails in the disease surveillance information systems...

Food consumption changes in South Africa since 1994

Ronquest-Ross,Lisa-Claire; Vink,Nick; Sigge,Gunnar O.
Fonte: South African Journal of Science Publicador: South African Journal of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2015 EN
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46.12%
Food consumption patterns in South Africa have changed dramatically over the past decades and likely will continue to change over the coming decades. Various food-related studies conducted over the last few decades indicate that food consumption shifts in South Africa have been towards a more Western-orientated diet, with nutritional consequences contributing to increased obesity and other non-communicable diseases. Several sources of data may be used to examine patterns in food consumption over time. Each of these methods has its own merits depending on the desired outcome, but are difficult to compare as each measures different levels of dietary information. As a result of the lack of regular national or comparable food consumption data in South Africa, the objective of this study was to establish, through the use of databases (FAOSTAT food balance sheets and Euromonitor International© Passport), the broad food and beverage consumption shifts in South Africa since 1994. Our findings indicate that food consumption shifts have been towards an overall increase in daily kilojoules consumed, a diet of sugar-sweetened beverages, an increase in the proportion of processed and packaged food including edible vegetable oils, increased intake of animal source foods...

Dietary patterns in pregnancy and birth weight

Coelho,Natália de Lima Pereira; Cunha,Diana Barbosa; Esteves,Ana Paula Pereira; Lacerda,Elisa Maria de Aquino; Theme Filha,Mariza Miranda
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
OBJECTIVE To analyze if dietary patterns during the third gestational trimester are associated with birth weight.METHODS Longitudinal study conducted in the cities of Petropolis and Queimados, Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Southeastern Brazil, between 2007 and 2008. We analyzed data from the first and second follow-up wave of a prospective cohort. Food consumption of 1,298 pregnant women was assessed using a semi-quantitative questionnaire about food frequency. Dietary patterns were obtained by exploratory factor analysis, using the Varimax rotation method. We also applied the multivariate linear regression model to estimate the association between food consumption patterns and birth weight.RESULTS Four patterns of consumption – which explain 36.4% of the variability – were identified and divided as follows: (1) prudent pattern (milk, yogurt, cheese, fruit and fresh-fruit juice, cracker, and chicken/beef/fish/liver), which explained 14.9% of the consumption; (2) traditional pattern, consisting of beans, rice, vegetables, breads, butter/margarine and sugar, which explained 8.8% of the variation in consumption; (3) Western pattern (potato/cassava/yams, macaroni, flour/farofa/grits, pizza/hamburger/deep fried pastries, soft drinks/cool drinks and pork/sausages/egg)...