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Assessment of Bone Healing in Rabbit Calvaria Grafted with Three Different Biomaterials

Takauti,Carlos Alberto Yoshihiro; Futema,Fabio; Brito Junior,Rui Barbosa de; Abrahão,Aline Corrêa; Costa,Claudio; Queiroz,Celso Silva
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 EN
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This study evaluated the bone regeneration process in rabbit calvaria induced by three types of biomaterials: two xenogenous, consisting of deproteinized bovine bone, while the other was alloplastic, based on biphasic calcium phosphate. Five New Zealand white rabbits weighing between 2,900 and 3,500 g were submitted to four standard 8 mm-diameter perforations at the parietal bone. Three perforations were filled with three grafts and biomaterials, two of them received bovine Bio-Oss(r) and Endobon(r) Xenograft Granules, and the other consisted of fully alloplastic Straumann(r) Bone Ceramic. The fourth remaining cavity was used as control with coagulum. After eight weeks, the animals were sacrificed, and the samples were prepared for morphometric and qualitative analysis. The cavities filled with alloplastic biomaterials showed higher percentages of newly formed bone (p<0.05), while the cavities with xenogenous biomaterials showed higher amount of residual graft (p<0.05). Although the results showed greater bone formation with Straumann(r) Bone Ceramic, further studies are required to prove which is the more effective biomaterial for bone induction process.