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Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, DFT studies and biological assays of a novel gold(I) complex with 2-mercaptothiazoline

ABBEHAUSEN, Camilla; CASTRO, Juliana F.; SPERA, Marcelle B. M.; HEINRICH, Tassiele A.; COSTA-NETO, Claudio M.; LUSTRI, Wilton R.; FORMIGA, Andre L. B.; CORBI, Pedro P.
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.94322%
A new gold(I) complex with 2-mercaptothiazoline (MTZ) with the coordination formula [AuCN(C(3)H(5)NS(2))] was synthesized and characterized by chemical and spectroscopic measurements, OFT studies and biological assays. Infrared (IR) and (1)H, (13)C and (15)N nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic measurements indicate coordination of the ligand to gold(I) through the nitrogen atom. Studies based on OFT confirmed nitrogen coordination to gold(I) as a minimum of the potential energy surface with calculations of the hessians showing no imaginary frequencies. Thermal decomposition starts at temperatures near 160 degrees C, leading to the formation of Au as the final residue at 1000 degrees C. The gold(I) complex with 2-mercaptothiazoline (Au-MTZ) is soluble in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and is insoluble in water, methanol, ethanol, acetonitrile and hexane. The antibacterial activities of the Au-MTZ complex were evaluated by an antibiogram assay using the disc diffusion method. The compound showed an effective antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive) and Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Gram-negative) bacterial cells. Biological analysis for evaluation of the cytotoxic effect of the Au-MTZ complex was performed using HeLa cells derived from human cervical adenocarcinoma. The complex presented a potent cytotoxic activity...

Estudo químico-biológico dos fungos endofíticos 'Cladosporium sphaerospermum, Pestalotiopsis guepini e Chaetomium globosum'; Chemical and biological study of the endophytic fungi Cladosporium sphaerospermum, Pestalotiopsis guepini and Chaetomium globosum.

Momesso, Luciano da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.548105%
Três fungos endofíticos isolados de Viguiera robusta (Asteraceae) foram cultivados em três meios de cultivo distintos (Czapek, arroz e extrato de malte) e também em culturas binárias em extrato de malte. Para a extração dos cultivos em extrato de malte foi utilizada a resina diaion HP-20, que promove a adsorção dos metabólitos produzidos pelo fungo, aumentando o rendimento dos extratos. Os extratos e frações obtidos foram submetidos à análise química por meio de técnicas cromatográficas e RMN 1H e a ensaios diversos biológicos para a comparação de seus perfis. O estudo químico do extrato de Chaetomium globosum (VR-10), cultivado em arroz, levou a isolamento da substância S1 (chaetoglobosina E), que apresenta elevada atividade citotóxica e é uma ferramenta importante em biologia química. Também de C. globosum foi isolado a substância S2 (dimetil-tereftalato), o qual já foi identificado como metabólito de fungo endofítico e também de planta. De Pestalotiopsis guepini (VR-8), cultivado em Czapek, foi isolada a substância S3 (tirosol), relatado na literatura como molécula sinalizadora em Candida albicans. Do fungo Cladosporium sphaerospermum (VR-2), após cultivo em arroz, foram isoladas três substâncias: marcfortina A (S4)...

Partículas de sílica funcionalizadas contendo complexos de TR3+ para aplicação como marcadores em ensaios biológicos; Amino-functionalized silica particles containing RE3+ complexes for application as label in biological assays

Lourenço, Ana Valéria Santos de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/09/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.700317%
Este trabalho apresenta o processo para obtenção de partículas de sílica amino-funcionalizadas contendo complexos de TR3+ utilizando os métodos de Stöber e por micro-ondas. Os espectros de absorção no infravermelho das partículas TR-BTC-Si preparadas pelo método de micro-ondas exibiram bandas de absorção atribuídas aos modos vibracionais dos complexos TR-BTC e da rede de sílica, indicando a incorporação destes complexos na matriz SiO2. Por outro lado, os complexos Eu-(β-dicetonatos) preparados pelo método Stöber mostraram apenas as bandas atribuídas à estrutura da rede de sílica, devido à dupla camada de revestimento de sílica. As morfologias das partículas de sílica amino-funcionalizadas contendo complexos de TR3+ foram visualizadas usando a técnica MEV. As diferenças nas morfologias entre o complexo precursor e o material amino-funcionalizado pode ser atribuído a presença da sílica na superfície do material. Além do mais, o método da ninidrina indicou a presença de grupos amina (-NH2) na superfície destes materiais. Os espectros de emissão dos materiais funcionalizados com os complexos de Eu3+ e Tb3+ apresentaram as bandas de emissão da transição intraconfiguracional dos íons Eu3+ (5D0→7FJ...

Estudos químicos e biológicos de algas marinhas do gênero Bostrychia Montagne (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) e fungos endofíticos associados; Chemical and biological studies in the seaweeds of Bostrychia Montagne (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) genus and endophytic fungi associated.

Erbert, Cíntia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/04/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.69088%
O ambiente marinho, pela própria diversidade orgânica que representa, tem sido reconhecido como fonte promissora de metabólitos secundários biologicamente ativos. Algas marinhas produzem grande variedade de substância terpenoídicas, aromáticas e de origem policetídica, e bioensaios têm demonstrado importante potencial biológico relativo a estes metabólitos. Micro-organismos associados às algas, tais como fungos endofíticos, também representam importante e promissora fonte de produtos naturais com esqueletos estruturalmente diversos. Bostrychia é um gênero algal fisiológica e biogeograficamente bem estudado mas são escassas as informações quanto à sua composição química, predominando a descrição de polióis e de moléculas de baixo peso molecular. Neste trabalho, os resultados da comparação dos perfis cromatográficos de espécies de Bostrychia representam uma primeira abordagem qualitativa dos constituintes polares do conjunto de espécies desse gênero ocorrentes no litoral norte do estado de São Paulo, e deverá ser complementado por meio do isolamento e identificação estrutural de seus constituintes majoritários. O isolamento de fungos endofíticos a partir de B. radicans (coletadas em ambiente de costão rochoso e manguezal) e B. tenella (coletadas no costão rochoso) possibilitou a preservação de 135 linhagens disponíveis para estudos posteriores. Dentre as linhagens isoladas de B. radicans costão...

Alcaloides guanidínicos da esponja marinha Monanchora arbuscula: isolamento, identificação e atividades biológicas; Guanidinic alkaloids from marine sponge Monanchora arbuscula: Isolation, identification and biological activities

Santos, Mario Ferreira Conceição
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.614004%
Este trabalho descreve o isolamento e a determinação estrutural de doze alcaloides guanidínicos, bem como a avaliação das atividades biológicas dos alcaloides majoritários. Os alcaloides descritos foram isolados a partir do extrato bruto de esponja marinha Monanchora arbuscula, coletada em Cabo Frio, no litoral do Rio de Janeiro. A amostra de esponja foi seca em liofilizador e extraída com MeOH. O extrato MeOH foi particionado com hexano, obtendo-se um extrato MeOH rico em alcaloides. Esse extrato foi sucessivamente fracionado obtendo-se os compostos arbusculidinina (1) (inédita na literatura), fromiamicalina (2), crambescidina 800 (3), arbusculidina (4)(inédita na literatura), batzelladinas L (6), F (7), D (12), norbatzelladina L (5), batzellamida A (8) (inédita na literatura), hemibatzelladina J (9) (inédita na literatura), Δ19-hemibatzelladeno J (10) (inédito na literatura), Δ20-hemibatzelladeno J (11) (inédito na literatura). As estruturas foram determinadas por análise detalhada dos seus espectros de RMN e espectrometria de massas. As batzelladinas majoritárias isoladas neste trabalho foram avaliadas em diferentes testes biológicos de atividade antiviral, antifúgica, antiparasitária e de atividade ATPásica apresentando resultados promissores. A batzelladina L (6) apresentou pontente atividade leishmanicida e antifúngica...

Ensaios biológicos para avaliação de segurança de produtos cosméticos

Chorilli, M.; Tamascia, P.; Rossim, C.; Salgado, Hérida Regina Nunes
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 19-30
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.0268%
Despite efforts to the contrary, some cosmetic products can cause undesirable side effects in the users. These may often be due to individual factors or inappropriate use of the product. Thus, biological assays to assess the safety of a new cosmetic must precede its being placed on the market. Historically, these tests have always been carried out in vivo, in animals, since such tests can be used to evaluate many of the potential risks, such as irritation, allergy or systemic effects; but, recently, some research centers have been adopting in vitro alternatives, in order to replace the animal tests. This review emphasizes the need to employ biological assays to test the safety of cosmetic products, and reviews the main in vivo and in vitro tests used, focusing on the need to develop and use alternatives to the in vivo assays of product safety, so as to offer the consumers the maximum safety with the least possible risk, while ensuring the best conditions of use of the product.; Apesar de não ser desejável, alguns produtos cosméticos podem apresentar reações adversas aos usuários. Tais efeitos, muitas vezes, podem ser decorrentes de fatores individuais ou até mesmo pelo uso inadequado do produto. Logo, os ensaios biológicos para avaliação de segurança devem preceder a colocação do cosmético no mercado. Historicamente...

Chemometric analysis of Hymenoptera toxins and defensins: A model for predicting the biological activity of novel peptides from venoms and hemolymph

Saidemberg, Daniel M.; Baptista-Saidemberg, Nicoli B.; Palma, Mario Sergio
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1924-1933
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.76227%
When searching for prospective novel peptides, it is difficult to determine the biological activity of a peptide based only on its sequence. The trial and error approach is generally laborious, expensive and time consuming due to the large number of different experimental setups required to cover a reasonable number of biological assays. To simulate a virtual model for Hymenoptera insects, 166 peptides were selected from the venoms and hemolymphs of wasps, bees and ants and applied to a mathematical model of multivariate analysis, with nine different chemometric components: GRAVY, aliphaticity index, number of disulfide bonds, total residues, net charge, pI value, Boman index, percentage of alpha helix, and flexibility prediction. Principal component analysis (PCA) with non-linear iterative projections by alternating least-squares (NIPALS) algorithm was performed, without including any information about the biological activity of the peptides. This analysis permitted the grouping of peptides in a way that strongly correlated to the biological function of the peptides. Six different groupings were observed, which seemed to correspond to the following groups: chemotactic peptides, mastoparans, tachykinins, kinins, antibiotic peptides...

Application of micronucleus test and comet assay to evaluate BTEX biodegradation

Mazzeo, Dânia Elisa Christofoletti; Matsumoto, Silvia Tamie; Levy, Carlos Emílio; de Angelis, Dejanira de Franceschi; Marin-Morales, Maria Aparecida
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1030-1036
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.97634%
The BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene) mixture is an environmental pollutant that has a high potential to contaminate water resources, especially groundwater. The bioremediation process by microorganisms has often been used as a tool for removing BTEX from contaminated sites. The application of biological assays is useful in evaluating the efficiency of bioremediation processes, besides identifying the toxicity of the original contaminants. It also allows identifying the effects of possible metabolites formed during the biodegradation process on test organisms. In this study, we evaluated the genotoxic and mutagenic potential of five different BTEX concentrations in rat hepatoma tissue culture (HTC) cells, using comet and micronucleus assays, before and after biodegradation. A mutagenic effect was observed for the highest concentration tested and for its respective non-biodegraded concentration. Genotoxicity was significant for all non-biodegraded concentrations and not significant for the biodegraded ones. According to our results, we can state that BTEX is mutagenic at concentrations close to its water solubility, and genotoxic even at lower concentrations, differing from some described results reported for the mixture components...

Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, DFT studies and biological assays of a novel gold(I) complex with 2-mercaptothiazoline

ABBEHAUSEN, Camilla; CASTRO, Juliana F.; SPERA, Marcelle B. M.; HEINRICH, Tassiele A.; COSTA-NETO, Claudio M.; LUSTRI, Wilton R.; FORMIGA, Andre L. B.; CORBI, Pedro P.
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.94322%
A new gold(I) complex with 2-mercaptothiazoline (MTZ) with the coordination formula [AuCN(C(3)H(5)NS(2))] was synthesized and characterized by chemical and spectroscopic measurements, OFT studies and biological assays. Infrared (IR) and (1)H, (13)C and (15)N nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic measurements indicate coordination of the ligand to gold(I) through the nitrogen atom. Studies based on OFT confirmed nitrogen coordination to gold(I) as a minimum of the potential energy surface with calculations of the hessians showing no imaginary frequencies. Thermal decomposition starts at temperatures near 160 degrees C, leading to the formation of Au as the final residue at 1000 degrees C. The gold(I) complex with 2-mercaptothiazoline (Au-MTZ) is soluble in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and is insoluble in water, methanol, ethanol, acetonitrile and hexane. The antibacterial activities of the Au-MTZ complex were evaluated by an antibiogram assay using the disc diffusion method. The compound showed an effective antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive) and Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Gram-negative) bacterial cells. Biological analysis for evaluation of the cytotoxic effect of the Au-MTZ complex was performed using HeLa cells derived from human cervical adenocarcinoma. The complex presented a potent cytotoxic activity...

Performance evaluation of microbial inocula as biological reference material for biodegradability and ecotoxicity

Paixão, Susana M.
Fonte: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia Publicador: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2005 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.614004%
Dissertação apresentada no Departamento de Biologia Vegetal da Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa para Doutoramento em Microbiologia; Several biological methods employ activated sludge (AS) as inoculum to assess toxicity or biodegradability of pollutants, since pollutants that ultimately enter the environment are often discharged through wastewater treatment plants. The use of AS to evaluate the environmental impact of chemicals and wastewaters suffers from several drawbacks related with the heterogeneity, absence of standardization and health risk associated with this mixed sewage population. To search for reliable testing inocula alternatives, the potential of several well-defined microbial inocula as reference material, for ready and inherent biodegradability and toxicity screening tests (BOD5 test, Zahn-Wellens test and respiration inhibition test, respectively), was evaluated and the results were compared with AS’ results. In overall, the most relevant results in terms of environmental application were obtained with bacterial mixtures, namely with three standardized microbial consortia: two commercial inocula (BI-CHEM and BIOLEN M112) and a designed inoculum (DI, a standardized soil inoculum). A community-level physiological profile (CLPP) analysis was also performed for each inoculum tested...

Virulence parameters in the characterization of strains of Entamoeba histolytica

Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.124314%
Differences in virulence of strains of Entamoeba histolytica have long been detected by various experimental assays, both in vivo and in vitro. Discrepancies in the strains characterization have been arisen when different biological assays are compared. In order to evaluate different parameters of virulence in the strains characterization, five strains of E. histolytica, kept under axenic culture, were characterized in respect to their, capability to induce hamster liver abscess, erythrophagocytosis rate and cytopathic effect upon VERO cells. It was found significant correlation between in vitro biological assays, but not between in vivo and in vitro assays. Good correlation was found between cytopathic effect and the mean number of uptaken erythrocytes, but not with percentage of phagocytic amoebae, showing that great variability can be observed in the same assay, according to the variable chosen. It was not possible to correlate isoenzyme and restriction fragment pattern with virulence indexes since all studied strains presented pathogenic patterns. The discordant results observed in different virulence assays suggests that virulence itself may not the directly assessed. What is in fact assessed are different biological characteristics or functions of the parasite more than virulence itself. These characteristics or functions may be related or not with pathogenic mechanisms occurring in the development of invasive amoebic disease

The phytochemistry and biological aspects of Caryocaraceae family

Ascari,J.; Takahashi,J.A.; Boaventura,M.A.D.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.658643%
The Caryocaraceae family is constituted of 25 species distributed in two genera (Caryocar and Anthodiscus). Plants of this family have been used in several phytochemical studies for isolation and characterization of chemical compounds. Some of these studies evaluated in vitro and in vivo biological activities of extracts and pure substances isolated from plants of this family. Nine species of Anthodiscus genus have been described, while no phytochemical study related to them has been reported. On the other hand, Caryocar genus presents 16 species with several medicinal uses like for the treatment of colds and bronchitis, in the prevention of tumours, as a regulating agent of the menstrual flow, to treat ophthalmological problems and for the cure of hematomas and bruises. Some species of this genus were targeted by phytochemical studies and presented, in their composition, the following classes of secondary metabolites: triterpenes, fatty acids, tannins, carotenoids, triterpenic saponins, phenolic coumarins, phenolic glycosides, and others. The fruits of Caryocar species are very nutritive, containing in their composition fibers, proteins, carbohydrates and minerals. Seeds have been widely used as oil source with nutritional and cosmetic value. The biological evaluation of some species was carried out by using relevant biological assays such as: antioxidant...

Methods of acute biological assays in guinea-pigs for the study of toxicity and innocuity of drugs and chemicals

Ko,Gui Mi; Rosenkranz,Adela; Bertoncini,Clélia Rejane Antonio; Jurkiewicz,Neide Hyppolito; Franco,Mirian Ghiraldini; Jurkiewicz,Aron
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.83614%
In this study, 602 samples were tested by the following assays performed at the animal facilities (Cedeme) of the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP): 385 for dermal irritability, 90 for ocular irritability (discontinued in 1995), 31 for systemic toxicity by injection, 26 for oral acute toxicity, 15 for toxicity by intracutaneous injection, 15 for skin sensitization, 15 for toxicity of serum and vaccines for human use, 14 for toxicity by intramuscular implantation, 7 for pyrogens, 2 for acute dermal toxicity, and 2 for irritation of mucous membrane. The following agents were tested: cosmetics and related substances (42.0%), chemicals used in industry (32.9%), plastics, rubber, and other polymers (15.9%), agrotoxics (4.0%), medicines (2.7%), and vaccines (2.5%). In the present description, emphasis was given to tests of dermal irritability and sensitization. This work was conducted entirely in animal facilities, according to our general belief that animal facilities at universities, while considering ethic principles and sanitary, genetic, nutritional, and pathophysiological controls, also require laboratories specialized in areas such as transgenics, cryopreservation, ambiental physiology, functional genomics, alternative models...

Synthesis and biological assays of a peptide from a tuberculin-active protein.

Savrda, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1980 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.700317%
The heptapeptide Asn-Gly-Ser-Gln-Met-Arg-Leu, part of a tuberculin-active intracellular mycobacterial protein and described in the literature as having residual tuberculin activity, has been synthesized. Biological assays of the synthetic peptide showed it to be recognized as an antigen of mycobacterial origin by its ability to elicit an early allergic reaction in Mycobacterium bovis BCG-infected mice. The synthetic peptide was shown to be devoid of any tuberculin activity in BCG-infected mice and in skin tests on Mycobacterium tuberculosis-sensitized guinea pigs. Purified protein derivative, complex mixture of proteins of unknown composition which is excreted into the culture medium by M. tuberculosis and is in wide use as a tuberculin-active preparation, was shown to weakly cross-react in radioimmunoassays with the synthetic heptapeptide when 125I-labeled heptapeptide and an anti-heptapeptide antiserum were used.

Using biological performance similarity to inform disaccharide library design

Tanikawa, Tetsuya; Fridman, Micha; Zhu, Wenjiang; Faulk, Brian; Joseph, Isaac C.; Kahne, Daniel; Wagner, Bridget K.; Clemons, Paul A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/04/2009 EN
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37.228367%
Diversity-oriented organic synthesis (DOS) is a strategy to make compound collections to probe biological systems1-7. Designing better DOS libraries requires having methods to assess the consequences of different synthesis decisions on the biological performance of resulting library members8. Since we are particularly interested in how stereochemistry affects performance in biological assays, we prepared a disaccharide library containing systematic stereochemical variations, assayed the library for different biological effects, and developed methods to assess the similarity of performance between members across multiple assays. These methods allow us to ask which subsets of stereochemical features best predict similarity in patterns of biological performance between individual members and which features produce the greatest variation of outcomes. We anticipate that the data-analysis approach presented here can be generalized to other sets of biological assays and other chemical descriptors. Methods to assess which structural features of library members produce the greatest similarity in performance for a given set of biological assays should help prioritize synthesis decisions in second-generation library development targeting the underlying cell-biological processes. Methods to assess which structural features of library members produce the greatest variation in performance should help guide decisions about what synthetic methods need to be developed to make optimal small-molecule screening collections.

Microfluidics meet cell biology: bridging the gap by validation and application of microscale techniques for cell biological assays

Paguirigan, Amy L.; Beebe, David J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2008 EN
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47.193955%
Microscale techniques have been applied to biological assays for nearly two decades, but haven’t been widely integrated as common tools in biological laboratories. The significant differences between several physical phenomena at the microscale versus the macroscale have been exploited to provide a variety of new types of assays (such as gradient production or spatial cell patterning). However, the use of these devices by biologists seems to be limited by issues regarding biological validation, ease of use, and the limited available readouts for assays done using microtechnology. Critical validation work has been done recently that highlights the current challenges for microfluidic methods and suggest ways in which future devices might be improved to better integrate with biological assays. With more validation and improved designs, microscale techniques hold immense promise as a platform to study aspects of cell biology that are not possible using current macroscale techniques.

Hyperpolarized NMR Probes for Biological Assays

Meier, Sebastian; Jensen, Pernille R.; Karlsson, Magnus; Lerche, Mathilde H.
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.13734%
During the last decade, the development of nuclear spin polarization enhanced (hyperpolarized) molecular probes has opened up new opportunities for studying the inner workings of living cells in real time. The hyperpolarized probes are produced ex situ, introduced into biological systems and detected with high sensitivity and contrast against background signals using high resolution NMR spectroscopy. A variety of natural, derivatized and designed hyperpolarized probes has emerged for diverse biological studies including assays of intracellular reaction progression, pathway kinetics, probe uptake and export, pH, redox state, reactive oxygen species, ion concentrations, drug efficacy or oncogenic signaling. These probes are readily used directly under natural conditions in biofluids and are often directly developed and optimized for cellular assays, thus leaving little doubt about their specificity and utility under biologically relevant conditions. Hyperpolarized molecular probes for biological NMR spectroscopy enable the unbiased detection of complex processes by virtue of the high spectral resolution, structural specificity and quantifiability of NMR signals. Here, we provide a survey of strategies used for the selection, design and use of hyperpolarized NMR probes in biological assays...

Cotinine-conjugated aptamer/anti-cotinine antibody complexes as a novel affinity unit for use in biological assays

Park, Sunyoung; Hwang, Dobin; Chung, Junho
Fonte: Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publicador: Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.083423%
Aptamers are synthetic, relatively short (e.g., 20-80 bases) RNA or ssDNA oligonucleotides that can bind targets with high affinity and specificity, similar to antibodies, because they can fold into unique, three-dimensional shapes. For use in various assays and experiments, aptamers have been conjugated with biotin or digoxigenin to form complexes with avidin or anti-digoxigenin antibodies, respectively. In this study, we developed a method to label the 5' ends of aptamers with cotinine, which allows formation of a stable complex with anti-cotinine antibodies for the purpose of providing another affinity unit for the application in biological assays using aptamers. To demonstrate the functionality of this affinity unit in biological assays, we utilized two well-known aptamers: AS1411, which binds nucleolin, and pegaptanib, which binds vascular endothelial growth factor. Cotinine-conjugated AS1411/anti-cotinine antibody complexes were successfully applied to immunoblot, immunoprecipitation, and flow cytometric analyses, and cotinine-conjugated pegaptanib/anti-cotinine antibody complexes were used successfully in enzyme immunoassays. Our results show that cotinine-conjugated aptamer/anti-cotinine antibody complexes are an effective alternative and complementary technique for aptamer use in multiple assays and experiments.

Targeting angiogenesis: Structural characterization and biological properties of a de novo engineered VEGF mimicking peptide

D'Andrea, Luca Domenico; Iaccarino, Guido; Fattorusso, Roberto; Sorriento, Daniela; Carannante, Concetta; Capasso, Domenica; Trimarco, Bruno; Pedone, Carlo
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.69088%
Modulating angiogenesis is an attractive goal because many pathological conditions depend on the growth of new vessels. Angiogenesis is mainly regulated by the VEGF, a mitogen specific for endothelial cells. In the last years, many efforts have been pursued to modulate the angiogenic response targeting VEGF and its receptors. Based on the x-ray structure of VEGF bound to the receptor, we designed a peptide, QK, reproducing a region of the VEGF binding interface: the helix region 17–25. NMR conformation analysis of QK revealed that it adopts a helical conformation in water, whereas the peptide corresponding to the α-helix region of VEGF, VEGF15, is unstructured. Biological assays in vitro and on bovine aorta endothelial cells suggested that QK binds to the VEGF receptors and competes with VEGF. VEGF15 did not bind to the receptors indicating that the helical structure is necessary for the biological activity. Furthermore, QK induced endothelial cells proliferation, activated cell signaling dependent on VEGF, and increased the VEGF biological response. QK promoted capillary formation and organization in an in vitro assay on matrigel. These results suggested that the helix region 17–25 of VEGF is involved in VEGF receptor activation. The peptide designed to resemble this region shares numerous biological properties of VEGF...

Methods of acute biological assays in guinea-pigs for the study of toxicity and innocuity of drugs and chemicals

Ko, Gui Mi; Rosenkranz, Adela; Bertoncini, Clélia Rejane Antonio; Jurkiewicz, Neide Hyppolito; Franco, Mirian Ghiraldini; Jurkiewicz, Aron
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2010 ENG
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Descrevemos os testes usados em ensaios biológicos de curta duração para estudo de toxicidade e inocuidade de cosméticos, fármacos e outras substâncias químicas, feitos no Biotério Central/Cedeme da Unifesp, de 1986 a 2000. Testamos 602 amostras nos seguintes ensaios: 385 de irritação cutânea, 90 de irritação ocular (até 1995), 31 de toxicidade sistêmica por injeção, 26 de toxicidade oral aguda, 15 de toxicidade por aplicação intracutânea, 15 de sensibilização da pele, 15 de toxicidade de soros e vacinas de uso humano, 14 de toxicidade por implantação intramuscular, 7 de pirogênio, 2 de toxicidade dérmica aguda e 2 de irritação da mucosa. Os agentes testados foram: cosméticos e suas matérias-primas (42,0%), substâncias químicas industriais (32,9%), plásticos, borrachas e outros polímeros (15,9%), defensivos agrícolas (4,0%), medicamentos (2,7%) e vacinas (2,5%). Aqui daremos ênfase aos ensaios de irritação e sensibilização cutânea. Este trabalho foi feito inteiramente em biotério, em consonância com a idéia de que os biotérios em universidades, sem deixar de considerar os princípios éticos pertinentes e sem desconsiderar a presença de laboratórios para controles sanitário, genético...