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Chitosan, sisal cellulose, and biocomposite chitosan/sisal cellulose films prepared from thiourea/NaOH aqueous solution

ALMEIDA, E. V. R.; FROLLINI, E.; CASTELLAN, A.; COMA, V.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
423.75754%
Environmentally friendly biocomposites were successfully prepared by dissolving chitosan and cellulose in a NaOH/thiourea solvent with subsequent heating and film casting. Under the considered conditions, NaOH/thiourea led to chain depolymerization of both biopolymers without a dramatic loss of film forming capacities. Compatibility of both biopolymers in the biocomposite was firstly assessed through scanning electron microscopy, revealing an intermediate organization between cellulose fiber network and smoothness of pure chitosan. DSC analyses led to exothermic peaks close to 285 and 315 degrees C for the biocomposite, compared to the exothermic peaks of chitosan (275 degrees C) and cellulose (265 and 305 degrees C), suggesting interactions between chitosan and cellulose. Contact angle analyses pointed out the deformation that can occur at the surface due to the high affinity of the;e materials with water. T(2) NMR relaxometry behavior of biocomposites appeared to be dominated by chitosan. Other properties of films, as crystallinity, water sorption isotherms, among others, are also discussed. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Biocompósitos a partir de celulose de linter: filmes de acetatos de celulose/celulose e quitosana/celulose; Biocomposites from linters cellulose: cellulose acetate/cellulose and chitosan/cellulose films

Morgado, Daniella Lury
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/12/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
546.68055%
O presente trabalho visou o estudo da modificação química da celulose de linter (obtida de fonte de rápido crescimento e considerada a celulose de maior pureza isolada de fontes vegetais) através da sua derivatização em meio homogêneo, buscando-se a obtenção de materiais com características bem definidas e via um método que apresente boa reprodutibilidade. Dentre os derivados de celulose, os acetatos têm importância industrial significativa. No presente trabalho, acetatos de celulose obtidos no sistema de solvente cloreto de lítio/dimetilacetamida (LiCl/DMAc), com diferentes graus de substituição (GS) foram caracterizados através de 1H NMR, espectroscopia na região do infravermelho, viscosimetria e análises térmicas (DSC e TG). Através de métodos quantitativos aplicados às curvas termogravimétricas pode-se obter parâmetros cinéticos relacionados à decomposição térmica como a energia de ativação (Ea). Os resultados para os acetatos mostraram que conforme o GS aumenta, aumenta o grau de substituição de C2 e C3, e observa-se também aumenta Ea. Acetatos de celulose com diferentes GS foram utilizados para a obtenção de filmes a partir do mesmo sistema de solvente. Visando à obtenção de biocompósitos...

Valorização da celulose de sisal: uso na preparação de acetatos e de filmes de acetatos de celulose/celulose e quitosana/celulose; Sisal cellulose valorization: utilization for prepared acetates , and cellulose acetates/cellulose and chitosan/cellulose films

Almeida, Érika Virginia Raphael de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/12/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
288.0716%
Filmes foram preparados com êxito dissolvendo e misturando quitosana com celulose de sisal no sistema de solvente NaOH/tiouréia. Nenhum solvente residual foi encontrado nos filmes preparados, conforme mostrado por análise elementar (S) e absorção atômica (Na). Os filmes foram caracterizados por técnicas como espectroscopia na região do infravermelho com transformada Fourier, difração de raios-X e análise térmica (TG, DSC e DMTA). A compatibilidade de ambos biopolímeros foi avaliada por microscopia eletrônica de varredura, em cujas imagens o filme de biocompósito mostrou uma organização intermediária entre a rede de fibra de celulose e a homogeneidade do filme de quitosana. Interações com água foram estudadas por medida de ângulos de contatos de uma gota d'água com a superfície do filme, isoterma de absorção de umidade e relaxometria de RMN T2. A análise de ângulo de contato mostrou uma deformação que pode ocorrer na superfície devido a alta afinidade destes materiais com a gota d'água. O sistema de solvente NaOH/tiouréia levou a despolimerização de ambos biopolímeros, mas sem provocar perda da capacidade de formação de filme dos mesmos. Resultados de índice de cristalinidade sugeriram que as interações entre quitosana e o solvente foram mais intensas do que as interações entre celulose e o solvente. Os resultados de relaxometria de RMN T2 do biocompósitos mostrou que as características da quitosana prevaleceram sobre as da celulose no que se refere as interações com água. Acetatos de celulose de sisal com diferentes graus de substituição foram preparados em meio homogêneo (DMAc/LiCl como sistema de solvente) e caracterizados por RMN 1H (determinação do grau de substituição)...

Valorização de fibras de sisal: síntese de ésteres de celulose e preparação de materiais; Valorization of sisal fibers: synthesis of cellulose esters and preparation of materials

Rodrigues, Bruno Vinícius Manzolli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/11/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
188.0716%
O presente trabalho visou à valorização da fibra lignocelulósica de sisal, focando principalmente em seu componente majoritário, a celulose, através da síntese de ésteres de celulose e também na preparação de diferentes materiais. A escolha dessa fonte lignocelulósica deveu-se a sua disponibilidade no país, sendo o Brasil o maior produtor e exportador mundial, e por se tratar de uma fonte de fibras com alto teor de celulose e de curto ciclo de crescimento. A síntese de ésteres de celulose com diferentes tamanhos de cadeia (acetatos, butanoatos e hexanoatos) e grau de substituição (GS) foi explorada, em meios homogêneo e heterogêneo, visando à identificação de condições que levassem aos melhores rendimentos. Em meio homogêneo, utilizando DMAc/LiCl como sistema de solvente e anidridos ácidos como agentes esterificantes, a síntese de ésteres de celulose com diferentes tamanhos de cadeia e GS (0,2-3,0) foi possível, apenas ajustando-se a razão MolAnidrido/MolCelulose. Em meio heterogêneo, diferentes rotas de síntese foram exploradas. Com o uso do sistema anidrido ácido/iodo metálico (catalisador), apenas ésteres de cadeia curta (acetatos) puderam ser obtidos com alta eficiência. Na busca de rotas alternativas para a obtenção de ésteres de cadeias mais longas...

Physicochemical characterization of collagen fibers and collagen powder for self-composite film production

Wolf, K. L.; Sobral, P. J. A.; Telis, V. R. N.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1886-1894
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
396.5005%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 06/56015-2; The purpose of this work was to determine some physicochemical characteristics of collagen fibers and collagen powder obtained from bovine hides as potential raw materials for production of films with improved mechanical properties. These materials are collagen in its crude form, without the hydrolysis reaction that leads to gelatin production. The following analyses were carried out: proximate composition, amino acid composition, solubility in water, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), size distribution and moisture sorption isotherms. The collagen fibers and collagen powder showed practically the same protein content, and the only differences between them, apart from the particle shape and size, were in their solubility in water, which was probably partly due to differences in particle size. Due to their similar composition but different physical properties, collagen fibers and collagen powder were shown to be suitable for the production of biocomposite films where the powder is the basis of the film matrix and the fibers act as filler...

Biocomposite films based on κ-carrageenan/locust bean gum blends and clays : physical and antimicrobial properties

Martins, Joana; Bourbon, A. I.; Pinheiro, A. C.; Souza, B. W. S.; Cerqueira, M. A.; Vicente, A. A.
Fonte: Springer Pub. Co., Publicador: Springer Pub. Co.,
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
407.4015%
The aims of this work were to evaluate the physical and antimicrobial properties of biodegradable films composed of mixtures of κ-carrageenan (κ-car) and locust bean gum (LBG) when organically modified clay Cloisite 30B (C30B) was dispersed in the biopolymer matrix. Film-forming solutions were prepared by adding C30B (ranging from 0 to 16 wt.%) into the κ-car/LBG solution (40/60 wt.%) with 0.3 % (w/v) of glycerol. Barrier properties (water vapour permeability, P vapour; CO2 and O2 permeabilities), mechanical properties (tensile strength, TS, and elongation-at-break, EB) and thermal stability of the resulting films were determined and related with the incorporation of C30B. Also, X-ray diffraction (XRD) was done in order to investigate the effect of C30B in film structure. Antimicrobial effects of these films against Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica were also evaluated. The increase of clay concentration causes a decrease of P vapour (from 5.34 × 10−11 to 3.19 × 10−11 g (m s Pa)−1) and an increase of the CO2 permeability (from 2.26 × 10−14 to 2.91 × 10−14 g (m s Pa)−1) and did not changed significantly the O2 permeability for films with 0 and 16 wt.% C30B, respectively. Films with 16 wt.% clay exhibited the highest values of TS (33.82 MPa) and EB (29.82 %). XRD patterns of the films indicated that a degree of exfoliation is attained depending on clay concentration. κ-car/LBG–C30B films exhibited an inhibitory effect only against L. monocytogenes. κ-car/LBG–C30B composite films are a promising alternative to synthetic films in order to improve the shelf life and safety of food products.

Reagentless biosensor based on layer-by-layer assembly of functional multiwall carbon nanotubes and enzyme-mediator biocomposite*

Zhou, Xing-hua; Xi, Feng-na; Zhang, Yi-ming; Lin, Xian-fu
Fonte: Zhejiang University Press Publicador: Zhejiang University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
307.56523%
A simple and controllable layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly method was proposed for the construction of reagentless biosensors based on electrostatic interaction between functional multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) and enzyme-mediator biocomposites. The carboxylated MWNTs were wrapped with polycations poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and the resulting PAH-MWNTs were well dispersed and positively charged. As a water-soluble dye methylene blue (MB) could mix well with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) to form a biocompatible and negatively-charged HRP-MB biocomposite. A (PAH-MWNTs/HRP-MB)n bionanomultilayer was then prepared by electrostatic LBL assembly of PAH-MWNTs and HRP-MB on a polyelectrolyte precursor film-modified Au electrode. Due to the excellent biocompatibility of HRP-MB biocomposite and the uniform LBL assembly, the immobilized HRP could retain its natural bioactivity and MB could efficiently shuttle electrons between HRP and the electrode. The incorporation of MWNTs in the bionanomultilayer enhanced the surface coverage concentration of the electroactive enzyme and increased the catalytic current response of the electrode. The proposed biosensor displayed a fast response (2 s) to hydrogen peroxide with a low detection limit of 2.0×10−7 mol/L (S/N=3). This work provided a versatile platform in the further development of reagentless biosensors.

Virus-PEDOT Biocomposite Films

Donavan, Keith C.; Arter, Jessica A.; Weiss, Gregory A.; Penner, Reginald M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
438.79734%
Virus-poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (virus-PEDOT) biocomposite films are prepared by electropolymerizing 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) in aqueous electrolytes containing 12 mM LiClO4 and the bacteriophage M13. The concentration of virus in these solutions, [virus]soln, is varied from 3 nM to 15 nM. A quartz crystal microbalance is used to directly measure the total mass of the biocomposite film during its electrodeposition. In combination with a measurement of the electrodeposition charge, the mass of the virus incorporated into the film is calculated. These data show that concentration of the M13 within the electropolymerized film, [virus]film, increases linearly with [virus]soln. The incorporation of virus particles into the PEDOT film from solution is efficient, resulting in a concentration ratio: [virus]film:[virus]soln ≈450. Virus incorporation into the PEDOT causes roughening of the film topography that is observed using scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The electrical conductivity of the virus-PEDOT film, measured perpendicular to the plane of the film using conductive tip AFM, decreases linearly with virus loading, from 270 μS/cm for pure PE-DOT films to 50 μS/cm for films containing 100 μM virus. The presence on the virus surface of displayed affinity peptides did not significantly influence the efficiency of incorporation into virus-PEDOT biocomposite films.

Graphene oxide-reinforced biodegradable genipin-cross-linked chitosan fluorescent biocomposite film and its cytocompatibility

Li, Jianhua; Ren, Na; Qiu, Jichuan; Mou, Xiaoning; Liu, Hong
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
412.61938%
A genipin-cross-linked chitosan/graphene oxide (GCS/GO) composite film was prepared using a solution casting method. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy of the composite films showed that the interactions between the CS and oxygen-containing groups of GO resulted in good dispersion of the GO sheets in the CS network. The addition of GO decreased the expansion ratio of the composite films in physiological conditions and increased the resistance to degradation by lysozymes in vitro. As well, the tensile strength values of the GCS/GO films were significantly increased with the increasing load of GO. Moreover, the GCS/GO composite film also maintained the intrinsic fluorescence of GCS. The in vitro cell study results revealed that the composite films were suitable for the proliferation and adhesion of mouse preosteoblast (MC3T3-E1) cells. The GCS/GO biocomposite films might have a potential use in tissue engineering, bioimaging, and drug delivery.

Ionic Liquid-Derived Blood-Compatible Composite Membranes for Kidney Dialysis

Murugesan, Saravanababu; Mousa, Shaker; Vijayaraghavan, Aravind; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Linhardt, Robert J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
307.40148%
A novel heparin- and cellulose-based biocomposite is fabricated by exploiting the enhanced dissolution of polysaccharides in room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). This represents the first reported example of using a new class of solvents, RTILs, to fabricate blood-compatible biomaterials. Using this approach, it is possible to fabricate the biomaterials in any form, such as films or membranes, fibers (nanometer- or micron-sized), spheres (nanometer- or micron-sized), or any shape using templates. In this work, we have evaluated a membrane film of this composite. Surface morphological studies on this biocomposite film showed the uniformly distributed presence of heparin throughout the cellulose matrix. Activated partial thromboplastin time and thromboelastography demonstrate that this composite is superior to other existing heparinized biomaterials in preventing clot formation in human blood plasma and in human whole blood. Membranes made of these composites allow the passage of urea while retaining albumin, representing a promising blood-compatible biomaterial for renal dialysis, with a possibility of eliminating the systemic administration of heparin to the patients undergoing renal dialysis.

Nanostructured biocomposite films of high toughness based on native chitin nanofibers and chitosan

Mushi, Ngesa E.; Utsel, Simon; Berglund, Lars A.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 18/11/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
278.11016%
Chitosan is widely used in films for packaging applications. Chitosan reinforcement by stiff particles or fibers is usually obtained at the expense of lowered ductility and toughness. Here, chitosan film reinforcement by a new type of native chitin nanofibers is reported. Films are prepared by casting from colloidal suspensions of chitin in dissolved chitosan. The nanocomposite films are chitin nanofiber networks in chitosan matrix. Characterization is carried out by dynamic light scattering, quartz crystal microbalance, field emission scanning electron microscopy, tensile tests and dynamic mechanical analysis. The polymer matrix nanocomposites were produced in volume fractions of 8, 22, and 56% chitin nanofibers. Favorable chitin-chitosan synergy for colloidal dispersion is demonstrated. Also, lowered moisture sorption is observed for the composites, probably due to the favorable chitin-chitosan interface. The highest toughness (area under stress-strain curve) was observed at 8 vol% chitin content. The toughening mechanisms and the need for well-dispersed chitin nanofibers is discussed. Finally, desired structural characteristics of ductile chitin biocomposites are discussed.