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Antibody Specificities and Effect of Meningococcal Carriage in Icelandic Teenagers Receiving the Norwegian Serogroup B Outer Membrane Vesicle Vaccine

Wedege, Elisabeth; Kuipers, Betsy; Bolstad, Karin; van Dijken, Harry; Frøholm, L. Oddvar; Vermont, Clementien; Caugant, Dominique A.; van den Dobbelsteen, Germie
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
18.825186%
Antibody specificities of pre- and postvaccination serum samples from 40 (53%) teenagers who received three doses of the Norwegian Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B vaccine (B:15:P1.7,16) during a previous trial in Iceland (Perkins et al., J. Infect. Dis. 177:683-691, 1998) were analyzed with serum bactericidal activity (SBA) and immunoblotting assays with reference and isogenic meningococcal H44/76 vaccine strains. The H44/76 variants demonstrated significant vaccine-induced SBA to P1.7,16 PorA and Opc but not to PorB, Opa5.5, and a heterologous PorA protein. On blots, immunoglobulin G levels to all these proteins increased significantly after vaccination. Measurement of SBA to the two main variable regions (P1.7 and P1.16) on the P1.7,16 PorA with PorA deletion mutants revealed significantly higher activity to the P1.7,− and P1.−,16 mutants compared to the P1.7,16 strain, indicating exposure of new accessible epitopes. Only 12 (30%) serum samples showed distinct decreases with these or the P1.−,− mutant, with most samples containing SBA to the P1.7 and P1.16 combination. In contrast, P1.16-specific antibodies were mainly found on blots. Thirteen of the vaccinees (32.5%) were carriers of meningococci at the time of the third dose...

Protection by Natural Human Immunoglobulin M Antibody to Meningococcal Serogroup B Capsular Polysaccharide in the Infant Rat Protection Assay Is Independent of Complement-Mediated Bacterial Lysis

Toropainen, Maija; Saarinen, Leena; Wedege, Elisabeth; Bolstad, Karin; Michaelsen, Terje E.; Aase, Audun; Käyhty, Helena
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
18.086074%
Neisseria meningitidis, an important cause of bacterial meningitis and septicemia worldwide, is associated with high mortality and serious sequelae. Natural immunity against meningococcal disease develops with age, but the specificity and functional activity of natural antibodies associated with protection are poorly understood. We addressed this question by using a selected subset of prevaccination sera (n = 26) with convergent or discrepant serum bactericidal activity (SBA) and infant rat protective activity (IRPA) against the serogroup B meningococcal strain 44/76-SL (B:15:P1.7,16) from Icelandic teenagers (B. A. Perkins et al., J. Infect. Dis. 177:683-691, 1998). The sera were analyzed by opsonophagocytic activity (OPA) assay, immunoblotting, immunoglobulin G (IgG) quantitation against live meningococcal cells by flow cytometry, and enzyme immunosorbent assay (EIA). High levels of SBA and OPA were reflected in distinct IgG binding to major outer membrane proteins and/or lipopolysaccharide in immunoblots. However, we could not detect any specific antibody patterns on blots that could explain IRPA. Only IgM antibody to group B capsular polysaccharide (B-PS), measured by EIA, correlated positively (r = 0.76, P < 0.001) with IRPA. Normal human sera (NHS; n = 20) from healthy Finnish children of different ages (7...