Página 1 dos resultados de 54 itens digitais encontrados em 0.002 segundos

Modified electrodes prepared with polyphenolic film containing ruthenium complex and metal ligand anchored by azo covalent bond

STETER, Juliana R.; PONTÓLIO, José O.; CAMPOS, Maria Lúcia A. M.; ROMERO, José R.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
397.69945%
This work presents two new modified carbon electrodes which were prepared via the polymerization of a phenolic moiety previously functionalized with azo groups (bipyridine and 2-methoxypyridine) as key structures to anchor the desired ligands. The syntheses of BAP (4-([2,2’]-bipyridinyl-4-ylazo)-phenol) and PAPmethoxy (5-(4-hidroxyphenylazo) pyridin-2-methoxy) were simple to perform, gave good yields and the monomers were easily electropolymerized resulting in chemically and mechanically stable modified electrodes. The PAP-methoxy ME formed stable complexes with Cd, Cu and Pb in aqueous media at open circuit and produced well defined redox peaks, showing good potential for future analytical applications. The BAP monomer was used to produce a ruthenium complex (BAP-Ru) which was electropolymerized from +0.50 to +0.75V (vs. Ag/AgCl) to leave the ruthenium available to act as a catalyst. The BAP-Ru ME was able to oxidize a variety of organic substrates with good selectivity. The yields obtained were either similar to, or better than, those obtained by homogeneous catalysis using a similar ruthenium catalyst or when this type of catalyst is supported in a carbon paste electrode.; Este trabalho apresenta dois novos eletrodos de grafite modificados que foram preparados via polimerização da função fenólica...

Comparison of oxidation efficiency of disperse dyes by chemical and photoelectrocatalytic chlorination and removal of mutagenic activity

OSUGI, Marly E.; RAJESHWAR, Krishnan; FERRAZ, Elisa R. A.; OLIVEIRA, Danielle P. de; ARAUJO, Angela R.; ZANONI, Maria Valnice B.
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
297.69947%
Degradation of Disperse Orange 1, Disperse Red 1 and Disperse Red 13 dyes has been performed using electrochemical oxidation on Pt electrode, chemical chlorination and photoelectrochemical oxidation on Ti/TiO(2) thin film electrodes in NaCl or Na(2)SO(4) medium. 100% discoloration was obtained for all tested methods after 1 h of treatment. Faster color removal was obtained by photoelectrocatalytic oxidation in 0.1 mol L(-1) NaCl pH 4.0 under UV light and an applied potential of +1.0V (vs SCE reference electrode), which indicates also values around 60% of TOC removal. The conventional chlorination method and electrochemical oxidation on Pt electrode resulted in negligible reduction of TOC removal. All dyes showed positive mutagenic activity in the Salmonella/microsome assay with the strain TA98 in the absence and presence of S9 (exogenous metabolic activation). Nevertheless, there is complete reduction of the mutagenic activity after 1 h of photoelectrocatalytic oxidation, suggesting that this process would be good option to remove disperse azo dyes from aqueous media. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Anodic oxidation of wastewater containing the Reactive Orange 16 Dye using heavily boron-doped diamond electrodes

MIGLIORINI, F. L.; BRAGA, N. A.; ALVES, S. A.; LANZA, M. R. V.; BALDAN, M. R.; FERREIRA, N. G.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
287.73805%
Boron-doped diamond (BDD) films grown on the titanium substrate were used to study the electrochemical degradation of Reactive Orange (RO) 16 Dye. The films were produced by hot filament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) technique using two different boron concentrations. The growth parameters were controlled to obtain heavily doped diamond films. They were named as E1 and E2 electrodes, with acceptor concentrations of 4.0 and 8.0 x 10(21) atoms cm(-3), respectively. The boron levels were evaluated from Mott-Schottky plots also corroborated by Raman`s spectra, which characterized the film quality as well as its physical property. Scanning Electron Microscopy showed well-defined microcrystalline grain morphologies with crystal orientation mixtures of (1 1 1) and (1 00). The electrode efficiencies were studied from the advanced oxidation process (AOP) to degrade electrochemically the Reactive Orange 16 azo-dye (RO16). The results were analyzed by UV/VIS spectroscopy, total organic carbon (TOC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) techniques. From UV/VIS spectra the highest doped electrode (E2) showed the best efficiency for both, the aromaticity reduction and the azo group fracture. These tendencies were confirmed by the TOC and chromatographic measurements. Besides...

Long-Term Stability at High Temperatures for Birefringence in PAZO/PAH Layer-by-Layer Films

Ferreira, Quirina; Ribeiro, Paulo A.; Oliveira Junior, Osvaldo Novais de; Raposo, Maria
Fonte: AMER CHEMICAL SOC; WASHINGTON Publicador: AMER CHEMICAL SOC; WASHINGTON
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
280.09127%
Optical memories with long-term stability at high temperatures have long been pursued in azopolymers with photoinduced birefringence. In this study, we show that the residual birefringence in layer-by-layer (LbL) films made with poly[1-[4-(3-carboxy-4 hydroxyphenylazo)benzene sulfonamido]-1,2-ethanediyl, sodium salt] (PAZO) alternated with poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) can be tuned by varying the extent of electrostatic interactions with film fabrication at different pHs for PAH. The dynamics of both writing and relaxation processes could be explained with a two-stage mechanism involving the orientation of the chromophores per se and the chain movement. Upon calculating the activation energies for these processes, we demonstrate semiquantitatively that reduced electrostatic interactions in films prepared at higher pH, for which PAH is less charged, are responsible for the longer stability at high temperatures. This is attributed to orientation of PAZO chromophores via cooperative aggregation, where the presence of counterions hindered relaxation.; Fundacao para a Ciencia e Tecnologia (Portugal) [POCTI/FAT/47529/2002]; Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia, Portugal; FAPESP; FAPESP; CNPq (Brazil); CNPq (Brazil)

Estudo da orientação molecular em filmes automontados de azopolímeros por meio da técnica de geração de segundo harmônico (SHG); Molecular orientation in self-assembled azo-polymer thin films studied by second harmonic generation (SHG).

Lopes, Fábio Juliano da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/08/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
416.19703%
Filmes ultrafinos de polímeros que contém azocromóforos são importantes para muitas aplicações como armazenamento óptico, formação de grades de relevo superficiais, alinhamento de camadas de cristal líquido e dispositivos ópticos com propriedades não-lineares. Dentre as muitas técnicas de fabricação de filmes orgânicos ultrafinos, a técnica de Automontagem eletrostática camada a camada (Layer-by-Layer, LBL) é muito atrativa devido a sua simplicidade e versatilidade, permitindo o controle na espessura e na composição dos filmes em escalas nanométricas. Contudo, a completa caracterização estrutural de tais filmes enfrenta dificuldades devido à falta de técnicas experimentais apropriadas. Utilizamos a Geração de Segundo Harmônico (SHG) para estudar a orientação molecular de filmes automontados de um polieletrólito catiônico (PAH - Poli(alilamina hidroclorada)) e um polieletrólito aniônico contendo azocromóforos como grupos laterais (Ma-co-DR13) sobre substrato de vidro. O sinal de SHG é proporcional à susceptibilidade não-linear de segunda ordem do filme, que por sua vez depende da distribuição orientacional dos azocromóforos nesse filme. Os resultados indicam que existem uma orientação preferencial dos azocromóforos...

Ancoragem covalente de piridina à matriz polimérica do filme poli-(fenol-azo-benzeno). Preparação de eletrodos modificados com propriedades oxidantes de substratos orgânicos; Pyridine anchored to polymeric film poly-(phenol-azo-benzene). Preparation of modified electrodes with oxidants proprieties of organic substrates.

Steter, Juliana Ribeiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/05/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
297.69947%
Neste trabalho os complexos cis- [Ru(BAF)(bpy)(PPh3)(OH2)](ClO4)2 (monômero B) e cis-[Ru(dmbpy)2(PPh3)(OH2)](OPh)2 (monômero C) foram sintetizados e caracterizados através de métodos espectroscópicos e eletroquímicos, sendo utilizados na construção de novos eletrodos modificados EMs e aplicados na eletrooxidação de substratos orgânicos. A preparação destes EMs consistiu no recobrimento da superfície de eletrodos de feltro de carbono e de bastões de grafite pelos filmes poliméricos ancorados ao rutênio. Os intervalos de potencial aplicados para a polimerização dos complexos foram àqueles correspondentes, respectivamente, aos potenciais de polimerização do contra-íon difenolato e do ligante azóico contendo o grupamento fenol. A atividade catalítica destes EMs foi investigada através de um estudo cinético, através de eletrooxidações heterogêneas acompanhadas por UV/Vis de diversos compostos orgânicos como: safrol, isosafrol, álcool benzílico, fenil etil álcool, etil benzeno, tolueno, benzaldeído, ciclo hexen-2-ol, demonstrando que os EMs podem ser utilizados como catalisadores em reações de eletrooxidações com rendimentos satisfatórios.; In this work the complexes cis-[Ru(BAF)(bpy)(PPh3)(OH2)](ClO4)2 (B monomer) and cis-[Ru(dmbpy)2(PPh3)(OH2)](OPh)2 (C monomer) were synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic and electrochemical methods...

Estudo das propriedades de armazenamento óptico e grades de relevo em poliuretano derivado de azo-benzeno; Information optically storage and relief gratings study in material derivative of azo-benzene polyrethane

Neves, Ubaldo Martins das
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
399.67445%
Polímeros contendo grupos azo-benzênicos têm sido estudados devido a sua capacidade para óptica não linear, formação de superfícies de relevo e de birrefringência fotoinduzida. O fator que possibilita essas aplicações é a propriedade de fotoisomerização reversível trans-cis-trans do grupo azo que produz a sua reorientação molecular. Neste trabalho foram produzidos filmes casting do poliuretano MDI-DR19 derivado de azo-benzeno. Estudou-se o crescimento e decaimento da birrefringência para diferentes valores de potência da luz de excitação da fotoisomerização. Os resultados experimentais do crescimento e decaimento foram analisados usando duas exponenciais e eles mostraram que o polímero MDI-DR19 apresenta boas características para utilização em armazenamento óptico pois cerca de 65% da birrefringência induzida no material permanece por longos intervalos de tempo. Ilustramos o processo de armazenamento de informação gravando uma imagem de birrefringência num filme de MDI-DR19. Foram também produzidas grades de relevo em filmes de MDI-DR19 utilizando franjas de interferência produzidas com luz de polarização P e S. Essas grades apresentaram alta uniformidade e características compatíveis com as mostradas na literatura.; Polymers containing azobenzenic groups have been studied due to their applications on non-linear optics...

Molecular Architecture of Thin Films Fabricated via Physical Vapor Deposition and Containing a Poly(azo)urethane

Alessio, Priscila; Leopoldo Constantino, Carlos Jose; Job, Aldo Eloizo; Aroca, Ricardo; Perez Gonzalez, Eduardo Rene
Fonte: Amer Scientific Publishers Publicador: Amer Scientific Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 3012-3021
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
407.8952%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Organic thin films are widely applied as transducers in devices whose performance is determined by the optical and electrical properties of the films. In this context, the molecular architecture of the thin films plays an important role. In this work we report the fabrication and characterization of a poly(azo)urethane synthesized fixing CO(2) in bis-epoxide followed by a copolymerization reaction with an azodiamine without using isocyanate. The poly(azo)urethane thin films were fabricated by physical vapor deposition (PVD) technique using vacuum thermal evaporation. The molecular architecture of the PVD films was investigated under control growth at nanometer level of thickness, as well as the surface morphology at micro and nanometer scales and the molecular organization. The thermal stability of the poly(azo)urethane molecules, which is a challenge in itself considering the thermal evaporation process, was followed by thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and also by both Fourier transform infrared absorption (FTIR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption spectroscopies. The UV-vis absorption spectra showed a linear growth of the absorbance of the PVD films with the mass thickness measured by a quartz crystal balance. A random distribution of the poly(azo)urethane molecules in the PVD films was revealed by FTIR spectra. The film morphology was investigated at microscopic level combining chemical and topographical information through micro-Raman technique. At nanoscopic scale...

Manipulation of anchoring strength in an azo-dye side chain polymer by photoisomerization

Thieghi, L. T.; Barberi, R.; Bonvent, J. J.; Oliveira, E. A.; Giacometti, J. A.; Balogh, D. T.
Fonte: Amer Physical Soc Publicador: Amer Physical Soc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 6
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
302.4052%
The generation of surface anisotropy by photochemical means has been proposed as an attractive method to align liquid crystals. In this paper, we present an experimental study of the alignment induced on a liquid crystal by a polymer film containing azo-dye groups in the side chain. Optical measurements were performed in nematic liquid crystal cells to determine the azimuthal and zenithal anchoring strengths as a function of the irradiation energy and chromophores concentration. It was observed that the director tends to align perpendicular to the polarization direction of the incident light and the orientation process consists essentially of a rotation of the director in the plane parallel to the boundary surfaces. However, the concentration of azo-dye groups in the polymer film must exceed a minimum value to get a macroscopical effect on the liquid crystal alignment. It is shown that the azimuthal anchoring strength can be varied two orders of magnitude by controlling the irradiation energy and azo-dye concentration.

Evaluation of color removal and degradation of a reactive textile azo dye on nanoporous TiO2 thin-film electrodes

Carneiro, P. A.; Osugi, M. E.; Sene, J. J.; Anderson, M. A.; Zanoni, Maria Valnice Boldrin
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 3807-3820
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
395.2706%
The feasibility of the photobleaching of a textile azo dye, reactive orange 16 (C.I. 17757), in aqueous solution using titanium dioxide thin-film electrodes prepared by the sol-gel method was investigated. The best conditions for maximum photoelectrocatalytic degradation were found to be pH > 10 for Na2SO4 medium and pH < 6 for NaCl. In both situations, an applied potential of +1.0 V and low dye concentration are recommended, when 100% of color removal is obtained after 20 min of photoelectrocatalysis. The effects of side reaction pathway on the degradation rate of dye in sulfate and chloride medium were presented and the best performance are optimized to situations closed to that verified in the textile effluent. The influence of variables as applied potential, pH, supporting electrolyte and dye concentration on the kinetics of photoelectrochemical degradation also were investigated. Oxalic acid is identified by HPLC and UV-Vis spectrophotometric methods as the main degradation product generated after 180 min of photoelectrocatalysis of 4 x 10(-5) mol l(-1) dye in sodium sulphate pH 12 and NaCl pH 4.0 and a maximum reduction of 56 and 62% TOC was obtained, respectively. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Photoelectrocatalytic degradation of Remazol Brilliant Orange 3R on titanium dioxide thin-film electrodes

Zanoni, Maria Valnice Boldrin; Sene, Jeosadaque J.; Anderson, Marc A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 55-63
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
383.8832%
Degradation of reactive dye Remazol Brilliant Orange 3R (RBO) has been performed using photoeletrocatalysis. A biased potential is applied across a titanium dioxide thin-film photoelectrode illuminated by UV light. It is suggested that charges photogenerated at the electrode surface give rise to chlorine generation and powerful oxidants (OH) that causes the dye solution to decolorize. Rate constants calculated from color decay versus time reveal a first-order reaction up to 5.0×10-5 mol l-1 in dye concentration. The best experimental conditions were found to be pH 6.0 and 1.0 mol l-1 NaCl when the photoelectrode was biased at +1V (versus SCE). Almost complete mineralization of the dye content (70% TOC reduction) was achieved in a 3-h period using these conditions. Effects of other electrolytes, dye concentration and applied potentials also have been investigated and are discussed. © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Mechanisms of surface-relief gratings formation in layer-by-layer films from azodyes

Zucolotto, Valtencir; He, Jin-An; Constantino, Carlos J.L.; Barbosa Neto, Newton M.; Rodrigues Jr., José J.; Mendonça, Cleber R.; Zílio, Sérgio C.; Li, Lian; Aroca, Ricardo F.; Oliveira Jr., Osvaldo N.; Kumar, Jayant
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 6129-6133
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
295.27059%
Surface-relief gratings are photoinscribed on ionically adsorbed layer-by-layer (LBL) films of an azodye, Brilliant Yellow (BY), which was layered alternately with a polyelectrolyte. Photoinscription is performed by impinging an interference pattern of p- or s-polarized laser light with moderate intensity onto the LBL film, which is unlikely to cause thermal effects. Large-scale mass transport occurs due to the force associated with the field gradient of the light pattern. The ionic interactions between adjacent layers appear to provide the means for the chromophores to drag the polymer chains upon photoizomerization. LBL films were produced from two different polyelectrolytes and under two distinct pH values leading to markedly different film properties especially concerning photodegradation. Exposure to the laser light, for instance, leads to higher photodegradation in the poly(dimethyl diallylammonium chloride)/BY system, in comparison to the poly(allylamine hydrochloride)/BY films. Mass transport in the latter case is predominantly light-driven, which is consistent with the higher amplitude of modulation for p-polarized light (70 nm) compared to that caused by s-polarized light (18 nm). © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Modified electrodes prepared with polyphenolic film containing ruthenium complex and metal ligand anchored by azo covalent bond

Steter,Juliana R.; Pontólio,José O.; Campos,Maria Lúcia A. M.; Romero,José R.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
390.0527%
This work presents two new modified carbon electrodes which were prepared via the polymerization of a phenolic moiety previously functionalized with azo groups (bipyridine and 2-methoxypyridine) as key structures to anchor the desired ligands. The syntheses of BAP (4-([2,2’]-bipyridinyl-4-ylazo)-phenol) and PAPmethoxy (5-(4-hidroxyphenylazo) pyridin-2-methoxy) were simple to perform, gave good yields and the monomers were easily electropolymerized resulting in chemically and mechanically stable modified electrodes. The PAP-methoxy ME formed stable complexes with Cd, Cu and Pb in aqueous media at open circuit and produced well defined redox peaks, showing good potential for future analytical applications. The BAP monomer was used to produce a ruthenium complex (BAP-Ru) which was electropolymerized from +0.50 to +0.75V (vs. Ag/AgCl) to leave the ruthenium available to act as a catalyst. The BAP-Ru ME was able to oxidize a variety of organic substrates with good selectivity. The yields obtained were either similar to, or better than, those obtained by homogeneous catalysis using a similar ruthenium catalyst or when this type of catalyst is supported in a carbon paste electrode.

Influence of surface texture by NH4Cl aqueous solution on the electrical and optical properties of al-doped zinc oxide films

Xiao-Yong,Gao; Qing-Geng,Lin; Yu-Fen,Liu; Jing-Xiao,Lu
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Física Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Física
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
518.06484%
Aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) films were prepared on glass substrate by mid-frequency direct current reactive magnetron sputtering (MF-DC-MS). The influence of surface texture by NH4Cl aqueous solution on the surface morphology, electrical and optical properties of the AZO films was systematically investigated by scanning electron microscope, four-point probe and ultraviolet-visible-near infrared spectrophotometer, respectively. The results indicate that textured AZO film obtains a better texture surface for light trapping. The reflectivity for textured AZO film decreases drastically in visible light region and the electrical resistivity increases, which can be explained by the textured surface morphology of AZO film. The results above prove that NH4Cl aqueous solution is an appropriate candidate for AZO wet etching because of its easy control and relatively low cost.

Inscription of local surface relief gratings with a Scanning Near-field Optical Microscope on an azo-polymer film

Bechtold,Ivan H.; Stiller,Burkhard; Brehmer,Ludwig; Oliveira,Elisabeth A. de
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Polímeros Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Polímeros
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
402.4052%
A Scanning Near-field Optical Microscope (SNOM) was used to inscribe locally limited Surface Relief Gratings (SRGs) on pDR1M, which is an azo-polymer film. The influence of parameters such as the line scanning time and the line spacing on the amplitude and the period of the gratings is discussed. SRGs have been used to orient Liquid Crystals (LCs), where the LC alignment takes place due to the elastic distortions of the nematic medium close to the surface. In addition, the photoalignment of the azo-chromophores was also used to induce LC alignment. In this work we investigate the use of local SGRs together with the photoalignment to get a local control of the LC alignment properties. The advantage of this method is that it is reversible and the gratings can easily be erased.

Fabrication and characterization of silicon wire solar cells having ZnO nanorod antireflection coating on Al-doped ZnO seed layer

Baek, Seong-Ho; Noh, Bum-Young; Park, Il-Kyu; Kim, Jae Hyun
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
307.62309%
In this study, we have fabricated and characterized the silicon [Si] wire solar cells with conformal ZnO nanorod antireflection coating [ARC] grown on a Al-doped ZnO [AZO] seed layer. Vertically aligned Si wire arrays were fabricated by electrochemical etching and, the p-n junction was prepared by spin-on dopant diffusion method. Hydrothermal growth of the ZnO nanorods was followed by AZO film deposition on high aspect ratio Si microwire arrays by atomic layer deposition [ALD]. The introduction of an ALD-deposited AZO film on Si wire arrays not only helps to create the ZnO nanorod arrays, but also has a strong impact on the reduction of surface recombination. The reflectance spectra show that ZnO nanorods were used as an efficient ARC to enhance light absorption by multiple scattering. Also, from the current-voltage results, we found that the combination of the AZO film and ZnO nanorods on Si wire solar cells leads to an increased power conversion efficiency by more than 27% compared to the cells without it.

CdS nanoparticles sensitization of Al-doped ZnO nanorod array thin film with hydrogen treatment as an ITO/FTO-free photoanode for solar water splitting

Hsu, Chih-Hsiung; Chen, Dong-Hwang
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/10/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
308.3036%
Aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) nanorod array thin film with hydrogen treatment possesses the functions of transparent conducting oxide thin film and 1-D nanostructured semiconductor simultaneously. To enhance the absorption in the visible light region, it is sensitized by cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles which efficiently increase the absorption around 460 nm. The CdS nanoparticles-sensitized AZO nanorod array thin film with hydrogen treatment exhibits significantly improved photoelectrochemical property. After further heat treatment, a maximum short current density of 5.03 mA cm−2 is obtained under illumination. They not only are much higher than those without CdS nanoparticles sensitization and those without Al-doping and/or hydrogen treatment, but also comparable and even slightly superior to some earlier works for the CdS-sensitized zinc oxide nanorod array thin films with indium tin oxide (ITO) or fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) as substrates. This demonstrated successfully that the AZO nanorod array thin film with hydrogen treatment is quite suitable as an ITO/FTO-free photoanode and has great potentials in solar water splitting after sensitization by quantum dots capable of visible light absorption.

Supramolecular polymers azo-containing : photo-responsive block copolymer elastomers and homopolymers

Wang, Xin
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
312.0934%
Beaucoup d'efforts dans le domaine des matériaux polymères sont déployés pour développer de nouveaux matériaux fonctionnels pour des applications spécifiques, souvent très sophistiquées, en employant des méthodes simplifiées de synthèse et de préparation. Cette thèse porte sur les polymères photosensibles – i.e. des matériaux fonctionnels qui répondent de diverses manières à la lumière – qui sont préparés à l'aide de la chimie supramoléculaire – i.e. une méthode de préparation qui repose sur l'auto-assemblage spontané de motifs moléculaires plus simples via des interactions non covalentes pour former le matériau final désiré. Deux types de matériaux photosensibles ont été ciblés, à savoir les élastomères thermoplastiques à base de copolymères à blocs (TPE) et les complexes d'homopolymères photosensibles. Les TPEs sont des matériaux bien connus, et même commercialisés, qui sont généralement composés d’un copolymère tribloc, avec un bloc central très flexible et des blocs terminaux rigides qui présentent une séparation de phase menant à des domaines durs isolés, composés des blocs terminaux rigides, dans une matrice molle formée du bloc central flexible, et ils ont l'avantage d'être recyclable. Pour la première fois...

Light induced conch-shaped relief in an azo-polymer film

Watabe, Mizuki; Juman, Guzhaliayi; Miyamoto, Katsuhiko; Omatsu, Takashige
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
302.91736%
We have discovered that a novel chiral structured surface relief (termed ‘conch'-shaped surface relief) with a height of over 1 μm can be formed in an azo-polymer film merely by employing circularly polarized optical vortex irradiation with a total angular momentum of j = ±2. The temporal evolution of the conch-shaped surface relief in the azo-polymer film was also observed. The results provide physical insight into how the angular momentum of light is transferred to a material through mass transport by cis-trans photo-isomerization. Such conch-shaped surface reliefs with chirality, in which functional chemical composites can be doped, enable new applications, such as planar chiral metamaterials, plasmonic holograms, and identification of chiral chemical composites.

Photoelectrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide into oxy-hydrocarbon and oxidation of azo dye simultaneously

Yeh, Yun-Ta
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
408.3036%
Huang, Chin-Pao; Climate change is caused by greenhouse gases. The increased carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere is considered the major factor of the climate change. Therefore, it is important to decrease the accumulation the atmospheric carbon dioxide. In this study, in order to save energy and prevent consume ???energy??? for producing ???energy???, the reduction of carbon dioxide was applied in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) system using solar cell and N-doped TiO2 thin film. In both systems, formic acid, formaldehyde, methanol, and methane were produced by the photoelectrochemical reduction of CO2 while hydrogen was form by the water electrolysis. The yields of the products in the 0.1 M KHCO3 aqueous solution were 1.55, 0.62, 2.02, and 2.16 ??M for HCOOH, HCOH, CH3OH, and CH4, respectively, for the solar cell system and 2.29, 0.68, 1.91, and 3.94 ??M, respectively, for N-doped TiO2 thin film system. In order to save applied energy on hydrogen evolution instead of being used for CO2 reduction, different concentration of methanol-based electrolytes were applied. Methanol electrolytes not only suppressed hydrogen formation, but also increased the yields of the products from photoelectrochemical reduction of CO2. In addition...