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The Role of Area-Yield Crop Insurance Program face to the Mid-Term Review of Common Agricultural Policy

Serrão, Amilcar J
Fonte: AgEcon Search - University of Minnesota - Agricultural Applied Economics Association Publicador: AgEcon Search - University of Minnesota - Agricultural Applied Economics Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
The mid-term review of Common Agricultural Policy increases the complexity of the decision-making process of farmers. The subsidies are substituted for a single decoupled income payment. The farmers decide what crops and livestock will produce based on climate, soils conditions and agricultural market signals and not based on subsidies granted to each one of the crop and livestock activities. The area-yield crop insurance program might have an important role on increasing production and facing natural catastrophes. This paper studies the introduction of the area-yield crop insurance program to reduce the risk originating from the variability of farmers’ income and to compare this alternative with other agricultural policy alternatives in the context of the mid-term review of Common Agricultural Policy. The comparison of the introduction of the area-yield crop insurance program with other agricultural policy alternatives is made through an approach using concepts of the Cumulative Prospect Theory, because besides defining that the results are appraised in agreement with changes in relation to the initial wealth, this theory treats in a differentiated way gains and losses. A discrete sequential stochastic programming model with five states of nature is developed to study agricultural policy alternatives. The objective function is constituted by a set of functions (the value function and the probability weighting function) differentiated for gains and losses...

X-ray imaging methods for internal quality evaluation of agricultural produce

Kotwaliwale, Nachiket; Singh, Karan; Kalne, Abhimannyu; Jha, Shyam Narayan; Seth, Neeraj; Kar, Abhijit
Fonte: Springer India Publicador: Springer India
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
A number of non-destructive methods for internal quality evaluation have been studied by different researchers over the past eight decades. X-ray and computed tomography imaging techniques are few of them which are gaining popularity now days in various fields of agriculture and food quality evaluation. These techniques, so far predominantly used in medical applications, have also been explored for internal quality inspection of various agricultural products non-destructively, when quality features are not visible on the surface of the products. Though, safety of operators and time required for tests are of concern, the non-destructive nature of these techniques has great potential for wide applications on agricultural produce. This paper presents insight of X-ray based non-destructive techniques such as X-ray imaging and Computed Tomography (CT). The concepts, properties, equipment and their parameters, systems and applications associated with the use of X-rays and CT for agricultural produce have been elaborated.

Financial Services for Developing Small-Scale Irrigation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Larson, Gunnar
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Food insecurity and income poverty are rampant in Sub-Saharan Africa. Thirty-one percent of children under the age of five are malnourished and some 72 percent of the population lives on less than US$2 day. Forty-one percent lives on less than US$1 day. The impoverished and hungry are concentrated disproportionately in rural areas and rely mainly on the consumption and sale of agricultural produce for their food and income. Africa has experienced increasing dependency on food imports that its countries cannot afford. Yet an estimated 700,000 hectares of arable land in Africa remains uncultivated. It is land that could become productive through small-scale irrigation using basic technology to draw on small-water resources, such as tube wells, and dambos. The technologies can be applied to cultivate smallholder plots of up to five hectares. Employing them will enable up to 4 million low-income households to intensify agricultural production and increase productivity. Small-scale irrigation can increase agricultural productivity and production...

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

Export briefs

AIMS (Organization : U.S.); United States -- Agricultural Information and Marketing Services; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Promotion Division; United States -- Foreign Agricultural Service. -- Export Trade Services Division
Fonte: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; Export Trade Services Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
(Issuing Body) Vols. for -Jan. 15, 1982 issued by: Export Trade Services Division; Jan. 22, 1982-19 issued by Export Promotion Division; by: Agricultural Information and Marketing Services.; Description based on: Feb. 2, 1979; title from caption.

The Cost of the Gender Gap in Agricultural Productivity in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda

UN Women; UNDP; UNEP; World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
Women comprise a large proportion of the agricultural labor force in Sub-Saharan Africa, ranging from 30 to 80 percent (FAO 2011). Yet women farmers are consistently found to be less productive than male farmers. The gender gap in agricultural productivity—measured by the value of agricultural produce per unit of cultivated land—ranges from 4 to 25 percent, depending on the country and the crop (World Bank and ONE 2014). This gap exists because women frequently have unequal access to key agricultural inputs such as land, labor, knowledge, fertilizer, and improved seeds. This report estimates the monetary value of the gender gap in agricultural productivity in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda.

Georgia : Agricultural and Rural Enterprise Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Economic Memorandum; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
The report is structured as follows. Section one examines the contribution of the rural economy to the national economy, the structure of the farm and non-farm sectors and their relative importance. Section two describes policies and constraints affecting the wider rural economy including, reforms in macro-economic management, recent external influences and financial services before discussing those which relate specifically to agriculture including, agricultural trade policy, land reform, agricultural machinery services , irrigation and drainage, seeds, sanitary and phytosanitary control and veterinary services, marketing and advisory services. Section three assesses the outcomes of these policies on the structure and performance of the rural economy. Section four describes the extent to which policy makers should prioritize the farm and non-farm sectors in rural areas and then presents recommendations for reform. While it is recognized that rural infrastructure (roads, potable water, and energy) and rural social services have a major impact on the rural economy...

Republic of India : Accelerating Agricultural Productivity Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
In the past 50 years, Indian agriculture has undergone a major transformation, from dependence on food aid to becoming a consistent net food exporter. The gradual reforms in the agricultural sector (following the broader macro-reforms of the early 1990s) spurred some unprecedented innovations and changes in the food sector driven by private investment. These impressive achievements must now be viewed in light of the policy and investment imperatives that lie ahead. Agricultural growth has improved in recent years (averaging about 3.5 percent since 2004-05), but at a long-term trend rate of growth of 3 percent, agriculture has underperformed relative to its potential. The pockets of post-reform dynamism that have emerged evidently have not reached a sufficiently large scale to influence the sector's performance. For the vast population that still derives a living directly or indirectly from agriculture, achieving "faster, more inclusive, and sustainable growth', the objectives at the heart of the Twelfth five year plan...

Domestic Terms of Trade in Pakistan : Implications for Agricultural Pricing and Taxation Policies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
In 2008 the Government of Pakistan agreed with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to increase the tax/Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ratio by 3.5 percentage points over the medium term. This commitment has rekindled the debate regarding the agricultural income tax. Advocates of an agricultural income tax argue that the sector remains protected by political interests, while opponents to such a tax maintain that agriculture is already subject to significant indirect taxation, mainly because of prevailing price distortions in agricultural product markets. This paper reviews the literature on domestic terms of trade analysis in Pakistan and calculates an updated set of terms of trade indices for agriculture relative to industry. The paper also discusses key issues with regard to the imposition of agricultural income tax in Pakistan, and uses simulation results from a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model for the Pakistan economy to analyze the potential effects of the imposition of an agricultural income tax on poverty and fiscal revenues. The results suggest that the domestic terms of trade have remained unfavorable for Pakistan's agriculture during almost the entire 2000-2009 period. Agriculture's terms of trade declined from 2001-02 to 2003-04 before improving only slightly during the period from 2004-05 to 2006-07. As of 2007 however...

Towards a Vision for Agricultural Innovation in Chile in 2030

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
This paper aims to develop a vision statement for the agricultural sector that may then guide the future investments in Chile's agricultural innovation system, A joint and shared perspective on how the sector might look and what role agricultural innovation should play in getting there is a prerequisite for any effective strategy. But developing such a vision is not only a function of what the country wants: it also depends on the context in which Chile's agricultural sector will find itself. This paper therefore reports on a participatory process to explore the many uncertainties that surround Chile's agriculture and to derive possible implications and answers. This will then lead to a vision for the sector that should be realistic both in terms of Chile's agricultural ambitions and its surrounding uncertainties. Based on the vision, a series of topics that needs to be explored in the agricultural innovation system if Chile wishes to make its vision come true will be identified and briefly described. The current paper is the second one in a series of three that were agreed between the Government of Chile and the World Bank to support the development of a long term agricultural innovation strategy. The first paper reviewed the functioning of the three main public technological institutes and made recommendations on how their performance can be improved. This second study explores the future of Chile's agriculture towards 2030...

Republic of India : Accelerating Agricultural Productivity Growth

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
In the past 50 years, Indian agriculture has undergone a major transformation, from dependence on food aid to becoming a consistent net food exporter. The gradual reforms in the agricultural sector (following the broader macro-reforms of the early 1990s) spurred some unprecedented innovations and changes in the food sector driven by private investment. These impressive achievements must now be viewed in light of the policy and investment imperatives that lie ahead. Agricultural growth has improved in recent years (averaging about 3.5 percent since 2004-05), but at a long-term trend rate of growth of 3 percent, agriculture has underperformed relative to its potential. The pockets of post-reform dynamism that have emerged evidently have not reached a sufficiently large scale to influence the sector's performance. For the vast population that still derives a living directly or indirectly from agriculture, achieving "faster, more inclusive, and sustainable growth', the objectives at the heart of the Twelfth five year plan...

Consumer responses to agricultural produce advertising in the O’Higgins Region of Chile

Jara Rojas, Roberto; Ramos Cabello, Bárbara; Mora González, Marcos Germán; Rodríguez, Marcelo; Adasme Berríos, Cristian
Fonte: Universidade do Chile Publicador: Universidade do Chile
Tipo: Artículo de revista
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
Artículo de publicación ISI; C. Adasme-Berríos, R. Jara-Rojas, B. Ramos-Cabello, M. Rodríguez, and M. Mora. 2013. Consumer responses to agricultural produce advertising in the O’Higgins Region, Chile. Cien. Inv. Agr. 40(1):31-41. The main objective of this article was to analyze consumer responses to agricultural produce advertising. A survey was given to a non-probabilistic sample of 400 consumers in Rancagua, the capital city of the O’Higgins Region. A principal components analysis (PCA) was performed to identify the main factors influencing the consumption of agricultural produce and recognized four factors that influence the consumption of agricultural products: influence of advertising, impact of produce advertising, consumption of vegetables, and advertising preference. Additionally, the market segments that respond to agricultural produce advertising were identified using decision-tree methodology (CHAID). The results show that education is the most important segmenting factor and that consumers with lower levels of education are more influenced by advertising. In addition, television is the most important medium for encouraging fruit and vegetable consumption.

Técnicas de exterminación de plagas en los tratados agrícolas andalusíes

Carabaza Bravo, Julia María
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
El objetivo de este trabajo es el estudio de los distintos métodos utilizados por los agrónomos andalusíes para exterminar una gran variedad de plagas, habidas en los productos agrícolas, entre los animales de la explotación agrícola y en las casas de campo y otras construcciones. Le acompaña otro objetivo: analizar la aportación de la agronomía andalusí en este ámbito de exterminio de plagas. Para todo ello, hemos llevado a cabo un detallado estudio de los tratados de agricultura andalusíes, los cuales hemos comparado con fuentes agronómicas anteriores y posteriores. Los resultados obtenidos, en cuanto a fondo y forma de las técnicas usadas en los agrónomos vistos, permite concluir la gran influencia de la geoponimia greco-bizantina en el desarrollo de dichas técnicas, y la aportación andalusí en el caso de erradicación de plagas en animales y casas, a partir de fuentes ajenas a las propiamente agrícolas.; L’objectiu d’aquest treball és l’estudi dels diferents mètodes utilitzats pels agrònoms andalusins per exterminar una gran varietat de plagues, hagudes en els productes agrícoles, entre els animals de l’explotació agrícola i a les cases de camp i altres construccions. L’acompanya un altre objectiu: analitzar l’aportació de l’agronomia andalusina en aquest àmbit d’extermini de plagues. Per a tot això...