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Autonomy with Equity and Accountability : Toward a More Transparent, Objective, Predictable and Simpler (TOPS) System of Central Financing of Provincial-Local Expenditures in Indonesia

Shah, Anwar
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.84%
During the past decade, Indonesia has transformed itself from centralized governance to decentralized local governance. Local governments were given extensive expenditure responsibilities while keeping the tax system centralized. To finance decentralized provincial-local expenditures, Indonesia implemented a new system of intergovernmental finance. This paper provides a review of the equity and efficiency implications of the current system of central-provincial-local transfers. It finds that the system of intergovernmental finance represents one of the most complex systems ever implemented by any government in the world. The system is primarily focused on a gap-filling approach to provincial-local finance to ensure revenue adequacy and local autonomy but without accountability to local residents for service delivery performance. This is done through a great degree of academic rigor using highly complex procedures. The complexity leads to a lack of transparency, inequity and uncertainty in allocation as well as creating incentives for jurisdictional fragmentation and reducing own-tax effort. Simpler alternatives are available that have the potential to address equity objectives while also enhancing efficiency and citizen-based accountability. Such alternatives would represent a move away from complex gap filling and special allocation approaches to simple...

In the aftermath of the crisis : the EU administrative system between impediments and momentum

CHITI, Edoardo
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
The European responses to the financial and public debt crisis have triggered a process of administrative reorganization and growth within two fundamental sectors of the EU, the internal market of financial services and the EMU. This paper argues that the process of reorganization and growth of the EU administrative machinery within the single financial market and the EMU is characterized by a number of inherent tensions. Four of them are prominent and refer, respectively, to the powers conferred to the satellite administrative bodies established in order to tackle the crisis, to the jurisdictions of the new administrations, to the degree of centralization which is sought within the new mechanisms for the implementation of EU laws and policies, to the accountability mechanisms. When assessed in the light of their capability to improve the EU administrative capacities, such tensions appear to be deeply ambivalent. On the one hand, they might operate as «fault lines» of the whole EU administrative machinery, destabilizing its functioning in two important fields of EU action. On the other hand, by pointing to a host of unsolved issues in EU administrative law, they provide an opportunity for opening a genuine institutional and scientific discussion on the ways in which the EU administrative system should be adjusted or reformed.

Implementation of a Distributed Expert System for submarine shipboard maintenance using VP-Expert

Acton, David Wilber
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: vi, 64 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.75%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; Expert Systems (ES) are characterized by containing the knowledge of a single human expert. Most ES today operate in a 'standalone' basis, providing expertise in a specific domain. However, managers making strategic decisions on complex topics require the coordination assessment and evaluation of knowledge from multiple human experts. Standalone knowledge bases should be loosely or tightly coupled together to form a network of coordinated Distributed Expert Systems (DES). To facilitate this, a 'meta-ES' could be designed to access and control these distributed knowledge bases, thus providing users with a single entry point into a vast knowledge network. In the U.S. Navy submarine is constructed of compact, high energy systems, safety is paramount to prevent both personal injury and material damage during maintenance evolutions. The Ship's Duty Officer (SDO) is responsible for the safe and effective execution of all maintenance aboard ship. Thus, he needs to be knowledgeable of how maintenance on one system will affect the operation of other systems. Since the SDO requires many sources of expertise, automating a submarine maintenance process is an appropriate DES application.; Lieutenant United States Navy

An overview of the Saudi Arabian telecommunications system

Al-Gahtani, Saeed Abdullah
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: vi, 69 p. ill., maps
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.8%
Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.; This thesis presents an overview of Saudi Arabian telecommunications system. The first chapter provides the reader with necessary background about Saudi Arabia'a economy and geography. The second chapter contains historical background of the world's and Saudi telecommunications and lists stage of development that the Saudi system went through. The third chapter describes Saudi Arabian current telecommunications system and its major components. The fourth chapter discusses the strategies and goals for the Saudi telecommunications sector and lists the major programs that will be implemented from 1991 to 1995. Finally, the fifth chapter provides a general summary.; Captain, Royal Saudi Air Defence Forces

Improving hospital productivity: an analysis of the contribution of administrative/clerical staff to physician productivity

Nixon, Cynthia A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 81 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; During the mid 1980s, Navy medicine was under constant criticism by its users, and members of Congress. Between FY85 and FY88, the number of outpatient visits decline 21 percent within Navy Medical Treatment Facilities (MTFs), while CHAMPUS outpatient visits increased 78 percent. During this same period, fleet operational assignments tripled and other programs were implemented that reduced Navy's ability to provide patient care in the U.S. In addition, between fiscal years 1980 through 1988, physician retention rates within Navy declined to 43 percent, lower than the rates for Army and Air Force. According to the GAO, one of the chief complaints of all military physicians is inadequate levels of administrative/clerical support. Thus, it has become increasingly important that Navy manpower requirements be determined with increased accuracy to maximize MTF productivity. This study uses regression analysis to evaluate the functional relationship between administrative staff mix and physician productivity across similar hospitals, focusing on workcenters in the primary care areas, where the need is greatest. Data used in this study is from the Medical Expense and Performance Reporting System (MEPRS). Unfortunately...

A comprehensive analysis of the maintenance requirement system

Palmer, Michael Andrew.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 89 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.75%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; The Navy's efficiency and effectiveness is dependent on the material readiness of its ships. It is essential that the programming mechanism for surface ship maintenance account for all required repair work and the relative risk associated with resource allocation, especially during this era of reduced defense spending. The Maintenance Requirement System (MRS) is a tool that appears to accomplish this by defining maintenance requirements, projecting those requirements into the future, and assessing the risk of not fully funding maintenance requirements in terms of degraded mission capability. This thesis examines MRS, current and future issues that impact MRS, and the similarities between MRS and performance budgeting.; Lieutenant Commander,United States Naval Reserve

A prototype of a faculty and staff executive information system

Hutton, P. Denise
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 77 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.75%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This thesis prototypes an alternative Naval Postgraduate School Facility and Staff Resume Book. It designs and begins the development of a multimedia faculty and staff executive information system (EIS). This EIS is being developed using Asymetrix's Multi

Development of a maintenance advisor expert system for the MK 92 MOD 2 Fire Control System : FC-1 Designation - Time, Range, Bearing, FC-1 Acquisition, FC-1 Track - Range, Bearing, and FC-2 Designation - Time, Range, Bearing, FC-2 Acquisition, FC-2 Track

Smith, Claude David.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 124 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; The MK 92 MOD 2 Fire Control System is a complex weapons system based on 1970's technology. It is a maintenance intensive system, requiring extensive technical trouble-shooting and, occasionally, supplemental shore based support. Development of an expert maintenance system for the MK 92 MOD 2 Fire Control System offers a viable solution to the labor intensive efforts of the technicians, reduces the number of Visits by shore based support staff, and provides relief to an already overburdened maintenance budget. It will also significantly reduce the depot repair 'no fault evident' rate which is the result of good parts replaced because of defective trouble shooting. This thesis addresses the first iteration of prototype development of the performance channels of the MK 92 MOD 2 Maintenance Advisor Expert System. Specific issues covered include the scope of the project, hardware selection, system shell selection, knowledge acquisition, knowledge representation, knowledge implementation, and lessons learned in the process.; Lieutenant, United States Navy

Automated financial management information system for Navy field activity comptrollers

Taylor, Shaun K.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: ix, 98 p. ; ill.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.79%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; The focus of this thesis is to review, and determine the development of, currently installed automated financial management information systems at Navy field activity comptroller departments that operate under the Navy's Resource Management System. Based upon the findings, develop a guide for use by comptroller departments in the development of an automated financial management information system. The resulting guide will be included in the Practical Comptrollership Course and Financial Management in the Armed Forces Course Textbook, offered by the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California.; Lieutenant Commander, United States Navy

Designing a graphical user interface for a bilateral negotiation support system

Sabene, Ralph
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: vii, 67 p.: ill.;28 cm.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.75%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; Graphical User Interfaces (GUI) are quickly becoming the standard operating environment for most software programs and operating systems. Ease of use, rapid learning and the ability to retain complex task sequences and operations are some of the advantages attributed to this type of interface. When properly implemented the GUI can provide a natural interaction between the user and the computer. Initial acceptance and continued use of any program can be greatly enhanced by proper design of this interface. It is expected that this trend toward visual representation of a task's objects and actions will be more fully developed and expanded in future years. This thesis explored the principles of interface design with particular attention given to the specific characteristics associated with GUI design. Unique design concepts associated with Negotiation Support Systems were also considered. These design techniques and principles were then applied in the analysis and design of the graphical user interface for a Bilateral Negotiation Support System based on multiple attribute utility theory. The program was written in Microsoft Visual Basic for use under the Microsoft Windows 3.0 operating environment.; Lieutenant Commander...

Software acquisition: evolution, Total Quality Management and applications to the Army Tactical Missile System

Barber, Wayland P.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.75%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Software acquisition has become the critical path in the procurement of Department of Defense (DOD) weapon systems. Software requirements and their complexity have increased at an exponential rate and support requirements now constitute up to 70 percent of the software life cycle costs. This thesis presents the concept of software Total Quality Management (TQM) which focuses on the entire process of software acquisition, as a partial solution to the software acquisition crisis. A software case study, analysis, and lessons learned with applications to the Army Tactical Missile System (TACMS) is presented. A software process control maturity model, a standard software language, and a set of software metrics are presented. A discussion of program manager's responsibilities to implement a process control mechanism to produce quality software products is presented. The principal finding is that software acquisition is the major challenge to a program manager for waepon systems procurement. The major recommendation of this study is that software TQM can be applied to software acquisition; http://archive.org/details/softwareacquisit00barb; Captain, United States Army

Design and implementation of a Dental Information Retrieval System (DIRS)

Kirouac, Roger.; Triebwasser, Brad R.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: vii, 136 p. ill.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; All Naval dental treatment facilities (DTF) worldwide are required to submit monthly reports containing dental records of treatments provided and overall dental readiness to COMNAVMEDCOM, in Washington, D.C. These reporting requirements are standardized to meet not only the requirements of the Navy, but also as input to the DOD mandated Medical Expense and Performance System (MEPERS). At many commands, this data collection storage and reporting effort is currently performed manually, adding unnecessary additional administrative burden. This thesis develops a computerized database system providing increased accuracy and productivity, and capable of meeting the NAVMED reporting requirements. The Dental Information Retrieval System (DIRS) developed will record all treatments provided for each beneficiary category described in NAVMEDCOMINST 6600.1B, and will facilitate internal external daily, weekly, monthly and annual reporting requirements. An important design consideration is providing the DIRS developed with the requisite capabilities specified by the DTF's, without imposing additional hardware requirements. NAVDENCLINIC Long Beach, CA>, is the sponsoring activity for DIRS, and will serve as the test sited for system implementation. If the system is successful...

Strengthening China's Environmental Protection Administrative System : Analysis and Recommendations

World Bank
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
The Chinese economy has experienced an unprecedented 30-year period of economic growth and development that has delivered enormous social and economic benefits to the people but has had seriously adverse and continuing effects on the state of the environment. The government is well aware of the problem. Over the last five to ten years, environmental objectives have become increasingly important in priorities set under successive national five-year plans. To address these problems, the government has provided increasingly large infusions of capital and implemented a series of administrative reforms. Notwithstanding all these actions, the state of the national environment continues to deteriorate, and further action is clearly needed. This policy note focuses particularly on continuing issues related to the operations of the Ministry for Environmental Protection (MEP), including the legal framework under which it operates and its operational relationships with other agencies at the national level and with its counterparts at lower levels of government. This focus is justified given that MEP's effectiveness is critical to the effectiveness of the government's overall environmental objectives. Without an effective MEP...

Administrative Barriers to Foreign Investment in Developing Countries

Morisset, Jacques; Lumenga Neso, Olivier
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Recent international experience has shown that excessively complex administrative procedures, required to establish, and operate a business, discourage inflows of foreign direct investment. The authors present a new database on the administrative costs faced by private investors in 32 developing countries. The database is much more comprehensive than the existing sources, as it contains not only information on general entry procedures, such as business and tax registration, but also captures regulation on land access, site development, import procedures, and inspections, The data include measures on the number of procedures, direct monetary costs, and time. The cost of administrative procedures vary significantly across countries. The most important barriers appear to be the delays associated with securing land access, and obtaining building permits, which in several countries, take more than two years. Countries that impose excessive administrative costs on entry, tend to be equally intrusive in firm operations...

Bulgaria's Policy for Regulatory Reform in the European Union : Converging with Europe's Best Regulatory Environments

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
Bulgaria's entry into the EU Single Market raises new opportunities and new risks for the national economy. As shown in the rest of Europe, a program of regulatory reform offers an effective strategy for managing the risks of more intense competition while preparing Bulgarian companies to prosper within the largest economy in the world. Bulgaria has already made significant progress in regulatory reform, with an emphasis on developing regulatory impact analysis (RIA) in Bulgaria's public administration. To support these activities, the Council of Ministers agreed in August 2006 to the proposal of the Ministry of Economy and Energy to develop a national plan for better regulation. The goal is to progressively achieve a low-cost, low-risk regulatory system that both supports national competitiveness and effectively protects public interests. To achieve its potential, Bulgaria should converge, not with a minimum standard of regulatory reform, but with the best performers in Europe. This policy paper identifies nine tasks for setting up a modern regulatory system and meeting European obligations. These nine tasks are intended to improve the ability of the central government to promote regulatory reform...

Tax Expenditures--Shedding Light on Government Spending through the Tax System : Lessons from Developed and Transition Economies

Polackova Brixi, Hana; Valenduc, Christian M.A.; Swift, Zhicheng Li
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
Recently developing countries have focused attention on the usefulness of tax expenditures' in shaping prudent and transparent fiscal policy. In adopting a market economy, developing countries commonly use tax expenditures as major fiscal policy instruments. However, with limited theoretical understanding of, and ad hoc experience with, applying tax expenditures, developing countries now confront not only revenue losses higher than they had anticipated but also the erosion of their tax bases in systems that generally have been in existence fewer than 10 years. Fortunately, the experience and practice of developed countries offer insights into understanding and applying tax expenditures. Most developed countries have established tax reporting systems, which provide empirical information on their tax expenditures. Such tax reporting systems tend to be part of a country's overall fiscal system for strengthening government finance and contribute significantly to fiscal transparency. Using the information available...

Pre-trial Procedures in Administrative Justice Proceedings in England and Wales, France, Germany and the Netherlands : A Comparative Study with a View to the Possible Development of Pre Trial Procedures in Administrative Law in Turkey

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Legal and Judicial Sector Assessment
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.29%
Disputes between citizens or businesses and the State about respective rights and duties are at the core of administrative law. The ability for citizens and businesses to hold Government accountable for acting within the rule of law is a key element of good governance. It provides legal certainty and guarantees predictable and rule-based implementation of legal and regulatory frameworks across different sectors. It also provides Government with effective mechanisms to enforce these frameworks. An effective administrative justice system is therefore a crucial element to make sure all players follow the rules of the game. As such, it is an important aspect of a sound investment climate. The Turkish Ministry of Justice has identified the absence of pre-trial procedures in the administrative justice system as a major obstacle to the efficient and effective delivery of judicial services to citizens, businesses, and the state. There are widespread complaints that administrative judges crumble after a heavy workload and that certain types of cases may be more effectively dealt with outside of the courts. This will make dispute resolution for citizens...

The genesis and development of the Angolan political and administrative system from 1975 to the present

Vidal, Nuno
Fonte: Cornell University Publicador: Cornell University
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em //2003 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
This paper discusses the development of the Angolan political-administrative system since the independence, not so much in terms of its inner working logic which I called post-modern in a recently published work , but focusing in one of its specific processes, namely the concentration of political power and administrative centralization paralleled by an increasing 'elitism' in the access to patrimonial benefits and privileges. Such type of processes are common to many other political systems of patrimonial character in sub-Saharan Africa, however, contrary to what is usually referred as the common path, the Angolan case did not reach a point of operative stabilisation but continued unabated towards an extreme. Constructed over two presidential administrations (since the independence) and having survived the end of the Socialist model, such distinctiveness of Angolan patrimonialism runs the risk of perpetuating itself in the supposedly 'new era' of multiparty democracy. This paper is divided in three parts, the first gives a brief analytical framework, the second and the third deal with the administration of Agostinho Neto and Eduardo dos Santos respectively.; Cornell Institute for African Development

Is there space for senior civil servants hybrid management models across political- administrative systems?

Ferraz, David
Fonte: Direção Geral da Qualificação dos Trabalhadores em Funções Públicas Publicador: Direção Geral da Qualificação dos Trabalhadores em Funções Públicas
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
Comunicação apresentada na 17.ª conferência anual da NISPACee, realizada de 14 a 16 de Maio de 2009.; Bureaucracy is, nowadays, synonymous with inefficiency, ineffectiveness, impersonality, stiffness as well as selessness, wastefulness or even corruption. Despite the negative connotation of the word bureaucracy is in fact an essential structure for the implementation of public policies. It is difficult to conceptualize a governmental model without the existence of such a structure. Therefore, the question that remains up to date since the end of the nineteenth century has to do with the balance and relationship of political and administrative powers. Formally, there is a clear separation between the political and the administrative functions and roles. However, in practice, this crystal relationship gives place to a more complex reality according to the specificities of each country. Taking this into consideration, this paper analyzes the evolution of the senior civil servants selection processes according to the main models of State and Administration. Other aspects addressed include the political-administrative dichotomy and the relationships between administrative actors (traditionally selected for a long period) and political actors (elected for a short period by citizens). Although these relationships are...

How are top officials hybrid management models present across political-administrative systems?

Ferraz, David; Madureira, César; Rodrigues, Miguel
Fonte: Direção Geral da Qualificação dos Trabalhadores em Funções Públicas Publicador: Direção Geral da Qualificação dos Trabalhadores em Funções Públicas
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
Comunicação apresentada na 4th Annual ICPA - International Conference on Public Administration "Building bridges to the future: leadership and collaboration in public administration", na Universidade de Minnesota nos Estados Unidos, de 24 a 26 de setembro de 2008; Bureaucracy is nowadays often considered a synonymous of inefficiency, ineffectiveness, impersonality, stiffness, uselessness, wastefulness and even corruption. Nevertheless, it is true that bureaucracy is an essential structure for the implementation of public policies. Authors like Mozzicafreddo, Peters, Aberbach, Chevalier, and others, consider that relations between public officials (permanently appointed) and politicians (elected for a limited time) are formally “crystal”, but in practice, reality has proven to be more complex. Top public officials are in a hybrid place some elsewhere between political and administrative spheres, which reanimates the long-lasting discussion on how senior civil servants should be selected. This paper intends to contribute to a more clarified discussion on how top officials hybrid management models can, or not, be a good practice, taking into consideration different case studies on administrative culture.