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Resultados filtrados por Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)

Propriedades ópticas de materiais híbridos de sílica dopados com nanocristais de CdSe/ZnS

Alencar, Lorena Dariane da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 60 f. : il., tabs.
POR
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360.95246%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Pós-graduação em Física - IGCE; Organically Modified Silicates (ORMOSIL) have been object of study due to the variety of the organically functionalized alkoxides (epoxy, vinyl, phenyl, etc). This allows the production of new hybrid silica materials with adjustable properties depending on the organic molecule linked to silica. The study of the properties of CdSe/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals embedded in GPTS/TEOS-derived organic/silica hybrids is of high interest due the optical and mechanical properties which can be controlled from the synthesis, producing multifunctional materials. This work aims the study of the optical properties measured in situ of CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals embedded in organic/silica hybrid colloids prepared by sol-gel technique derived from 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTS) and tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS). Doped organic/silica hybrid matrices were characterized by optical spectroscopy (absorption and photoluminescence) and thermo-optical spectroscopy (thermal lens). CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals with three different core sizes (~2 -5 nm) and emission band centered at 525...

Efeitos da exposição à sílica sobre a responsividade vascular e de vias aéreas de ratos

Bueno, Flávia Regina
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: 44 f.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
360.95246%
Silicosis, a common type of pneumoconiosis, is an occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of silica dust often with mining activity and thus reaches the miners. The fine and ultrafine silica particles deposited in the alveolar epithelium may lead to the development of progressive massive fibrosis. An increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production has been proposed to explain the mechanism for induction of pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis. In this situation, alveolar macrophages are activated to phagocytes silica particles deposited in the alveoli. The activated macrophages secrete large amounts of ROS that in turn induce synthesis of fibrotic factors. In addition, the activity of antioxidant enzymes is impaired, which results in increased lipid peroxidation, as well as generating a local inflammatory process. Diffuse pulmonary fibrosis progresses with interstitial collagen deposition. Interstitial collagen overlies small pulmonary arteries and arterioles and thus it is associated with pulmonary hypertension in pulmonary fibrotic diseases. In addition, cytokines and silica particles passing through the respiratory membrane can reach the bloodstream. In this context, the increase in the generation of ROS in the circulation may lead to a reduction in the bioavailability of nitric oxide...