Últimos itens adicionados do Acervo: Universidade Européia

Universidade privada em Madrid, Espanha

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El nuevo canon a las universidades: tras la apropiación del canon digital para las copias privadas, la del Open Access

Cueva González-Cotera, Javier de la
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
La actual reforma de la Ley de propiedad intelectual incorpora la novedad de la creación de un canon a las universidades, que supone la apropiación de obras licenciadas bajo open access y su administración en el ámbito de los campus virtuales por la entidad de gestión Cedro. Se analiza un precedente normativo de la presente reforma legal, consistente en la regulación de la compensación por copia privada, que permitió a las entidades de gestión la apropiación durante años de dinero público. Dicho precedente tiene rasgos comunes con la actual reforma: el canon digital supuso la apropiación de lo público, mientras que el canon sobre las universidades representa la apropiación del procomún.; The current reform of Spain’s copyright law incorporates a new levy on universities that is related to open access to publications. It will be collected by the Spanish agency Cedro (Centro Español de Derechos Reprográficos) and the virtual campuses of universities will be required to comply. We analyze a regulatory precedent in Spain for this legal reform, which levied a tax on potential private photocopying (for personal or “fair” use). This precedent has common features with the current reform: the levy on private copying was an appropriation of public access to print information...

Role of 3.0 T multiparametric MRI in local staging in prostate cancer and clinical implications for radiation oncology

Couñago, F.; Recio, M.; Cerro, E. del; Díaz Gavela, A.; Marcos, F. J.; Murillo, R.; Rodríguez Luna, J. M.; Thuissard, I. J.; Rodríguez Martín, José Luis
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
To evaluate the accuracy of preoperative 3T multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (3TmMRI) for local staging of prostate cancer and its influence on the decision to change the clinical target volume (CTV), total dose and hormonal therapy when treating prostate cancer patients with radiotherapy. From 2009 to 2013, 150 patients, who had confirmed prostate cancer and underwent a 3TmMRI before treatment with radical prostatectomy or radical radiation therapy, were included. Radiation therapy treatment (CTV, total dose and hormonal therapy) was initially determined on the basis of the clinical information, and radiation therapy plan was reevaluated after 3TmMRI review. The value of preoperative 3TmMRI in local staging and in the decision of radiotherapy treatment according to NCCN risk classification was analyzed. 3TmMRI performed correct, over- and under staging in 78.7 % (37/47), 6.3 % (3/47), 14.8 % patients (7/47), respectively. 3TmMRI identified 6 cT2a, 7 cT2b, 28 cT2c, 3 cT3a, 3 cT3b tumors. At final pathology, 5 tumors were classified as pT2a, 5 as pT2b, 30 as pT2c, 4 as pT3a, 3 as pT3b. After reviewing the MRI reports, the initial radiotherapy and hormonal therapy plan was changed in 33.9 % patients (35/103). In our group of patients...

Diagnóstico precoz de la infección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana en urgencias

Alonso Lasheras, José Emilio; Expósito Rodríguez, Marcos; Traveria Becquer, Lissette; Benito Lozano, Miguel
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA

Timoma primario intrapericárdico estadio iv. De un caso infrecuente a la relevancia de un tratamiento quirúrgico óptimo

Ferreiro, Andrea; Garrido Jiménez, José Manuel; Saldaña, David; Fernández-Golfín, Covadonga; Boi, Sara; Oliva, Enrique
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
El timoma es el tumor de mediastino anterior más frecuente. En relación con su emplazamiento, los timomas se ubican principalmente en el mediastino anterior (90%), localización habitual de la glándula tímica. Además de esta presentación ortotópica, los timomas ectópicos pueden encontrarse de forma primaria en otros emplazamientos anatómicos, como mediastino medio y posterior, cuello, base del cráneo, parénquima pulmonar, cavidad pleural, etc. Muy raramente, los timomas aparecen de forma primaria en pericardio. Debido a lo inusual de su presentación, diagnóstico y tratamiento, reportamos un caso de timoma primario intrapericárdico estadio iv y su evolución tras tratamiento combinado, en relación con la bibliografía existente hasta el momento. En este sentido, los pacientes sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico con resección completa o subtotal del tumor presentan los mejores niveles de supervivencia. Por lo tanto, el tratamiento quirúrgico debe plantearse en la mayor parte de los pacientes, incluso si su objetivo principal es exclusivamente citorreductor. Este hecho permite aumentar de forma clara la calidad de vida de los pacientes, haciendo posible la utilización de medidas de tratamiento complementario de una manera más efectiva. Destacamos que la resonancia magnética cardiaca y las actuales técnicas videotoracoscópicas resultan de especial utilidad para la planificación minuciosa del procedimiento quirúrgico.; Thymoma is the most common tumor of the anterior mediastinum. They are mainly located in the anterior mediastinum (90%)...

Effects of electromyostimulation on muscle and bone in men with acute traumatic spinal cord injury: A randomized clinical trial

Arija Blaźquez, A.; Ceruelo Abajo, S.; Díaz Merino, M. S.; Godino Durán, J. A.; Martínez Dhier, L.; Rodríguez Martín, José Luis; Florensa Vila, J.
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Objective: To study the effect of 14 weeks of electromyostimulation (EMS) training (47 minutes/day, 5 days/ week) on both muscle and bone loss prevention in persons with recent, complete spinal cord injury (SCI). Design: Prospective, experimental, controlled, single-blind randomized trial with external blind evaluation by third parties. Methods: Eight men with recent SCI (8 weeks from injury; ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS) "A") were randomized into the intervention or the control groups. Cross-sectional area of the quadriceps femoris (QF) muscle was quantified using magnetic resonance imaging. Bone mineral density changes were assessed with a dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry. Several bone biomarkers (i.e. total testosterone, cortisol, growth hormone, insulin-growth factor I, osteocalcin, serum type I collagen C-telopeptide), lipid, and lipoprotein profiles were quantified. A standard oral glucose tolerance test was performed before and after the 14-week training. All analyses were conducted at the beginning and after the intervention. Results: The intervention group showed a significant increase in QF muscle size when compared with the control group. Bone losses were similar in both groups. Basal levels of bone biomarkers did not change over time. Changes in lipid and lipoprotein were similar in both groups. Glucose and insulin peaks moved forward after the training in the intervention group. Conclusions: This study indicates that skeletal muscle of patients with complete SCI retains the ability to grow in response to a longitudinal EMS training...

Interventricular septal rupture after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: Surgical and perioperative management

Garrido Jiménez, José Manuel; Ferreiro, Andrea; Samaranch, N.; Salido, L.; García-Andrade, I.
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with various complications, usuallyrelated to valve positioning or prosthesis delivery. We report the rare complication of an iatrogenicventricular septal defect, secondary to aortic annulus disruption after TAVI-transfemoral procedure,generating a significant left-to-right shunt and cardiac failure. Open surgical procedures undercardiopulmonary bypass remain the best option for this lethal complication.

Rabdomiosarcoma alveolar orbitario enmascarado por sinusitis etmoidal en un adulto de 25 años

Sanz Marco, E.; España, E.; Alamar, A.; Pérez Rojas, Judith; López Prats, M. J.; Díaz Llopis, M.
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Caso clínico: mujer de 25 años con sinusitis subaguda derecha acudió por molestias en ojo derecho. Ante clínica y tomografía urgente sugestiva de absceso subperióstico orbitario etmoidal, se realizó un drenaje urgente, hallándose una tumoración sólida con biopsia positiva para rabdomiosarcoma alveolar. Se inició tratamiento con quimioterapia y radioterapia con remisión completa y resolución del cuadro clínico. Discusión: el rabdomiosarcoma orbitario alveolar en adultos es infrecuente. Presenta un alto riesgo de diseminación y puede debutar simulando una sinusitis, como en este caso, por lo que un diagnóstico y tratamiento precoces son de especial importancia en estos pacientes.

Proceso de servitización en la industria editorial: el papel de los nuevos modelos de negocio

González Gaspar, Sara; Bustinza, Óscar F.
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
El propósito de este artículo es analizar la orientación de las empresas editoriales hacia la incorporación de servicios y el nivel de integración de los mismos en la estructura de la empresa, así como el papel que desempeñan los nuevos modelos de negocio en este proceso. Para ello, en la presente investigación se propone la validación de las escalas de dos variables del modelo planteado: Orientación hacia la incorporación de servicios en el sector editorial y la medición de los nuevos modelos de negocio.

Feasibility and reliability of dynamic postural control measures in children in first through fifth grades

Faigenbaum, Avery D.; Myer, Gregory D.; Pérez Fernández, Ismael; Gómez Carrasco, Eduardo; Bates, Nathaniel; Farrell, Anne; Ratamess, Nicholas A.; Kang, Jie
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Purpose/Background: although dynamic postural control is a prerequisite to the development of fundamental movement skills in children, few studies have examined the feasibility and reliability of assessment techniques that measure dynamic postural control in youth under 13 years of age. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and reliability of the Lower Quarter Y Balance Test (YBT‐LQ) in children and to examine the reproducibility of these measures across developmental periods of childhood. Methods: 188 subjects in first through fifth grades (age = 6.9 to 12.1 yr) performed the YBT‐LQ on two occasions in a field‐based setting. Reach distances and cumulative score (sum of 3 directions) were measured and analyzed using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). Sub‐cohorts of 14 and 8 subjects were used to assess inter‐rater reliability within‐session and between‐session, respectively. Results: the overall ICC was moderate‐to‐good for the anterior (right=0.82; left=0.82), posteromedial (right=0.77; left=0.75), and posterolateral (right 0.80; left=0.77) reach directions. The combined ICC was also moderate‐to‐good for children in grades 1 (0.71), 2 (0.74), 3 (0.84), 4 (0.82), and 5 (0.79). Typical error values for right and left limbs were less than 10% of the mean for all reach measures across all grades. Interrater reliability within session (ICC > 0.995) and between sessions (0.907 ≤ ICC ≤ 0.974) were both excellent. No unexpected responses or injury occurred during testing. Conclusions: these findings indicate that the YBT‐LQ is a feasible and reproducible measure of dynamic postural control in children in first through fifth grades.

Financial analysis of the Spanish water sector

Krinner, Wolfgang
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
This research gives an overview of water sector finances in Spain on a national scale. A methodology is presented which allows to estimate the total financial cost of water services and the rate of cost recovery, based on financial and budget information of administrations, agencies, companies and users’ associations involved in water resources management and water service provision. Financial records of organisations are analysed and the overall amounts of expenditure, cost and revenue determined. Cost recovery rates are calculated for different organisations and water services, and the net contribution of public funds received by the water sector in addition to tariff revenue is determined.

Effectiveness of different postactivation potentiation protocols with and without whole body vibration on jumping performance in college athletes

Naclerio Ayllón, Fernando José; Faigenbaum, Avery D.; Larumbe Zabala, Eneko; Ratamess, Nicholas A.; Kang, Jie; Friedman, P.; Ross, R.E.
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG

Applying Gianni Rodari techniques to develop creative educational environments

Fardoun, Habib Moussa; Kateb, I. A.; Paules Ciprés, Antonio; Ramírez Castillo, Jaime
Fonte: Springer International Publishing Publicador: Springer International Publishing
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
SPA
In this article we will conduct a study of the Gianni Rodari School, a technique used in the initial educational levels of pre-schools and primary schools, but in this case for the use in the development of new creative ideas for the college projects, and vocational training subjects. For this we define and justify the essence of creativity as ideas, using a structure that can be stored in the cloud. To validate the system, we present a case study by using abstract concepts of human knowledge in the cloud. The presented work takes into consideration the interaction and collaborative work to promote creativity and the generation of new ideas in a clear and ordered way for the students.

A new way to community services: Communication with administration

Fardoun, Habib Moussa; Alghazzawi, Daniyal M.; Paules Ciprés, Antonio; Romero López, Sebastián
Fonte: Springer International Publishing Publicador: Springer International Publishing
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
In this paper we are going to describe the architecture of community services by mean mobile devices. We opt for a direct communication between the mobile users and server information and where users interact directly from their mobile devices and the cloud system, by leaving a record of the accused and requested data. As result of this improvement in the process, we have a platform that saves costs and time management to users of these services in the instantiation and regular payments to government claims.

Prevención de esguinces de tobillo en jugadoras de baloncesto amateur mediante programas de propiocepción. Estudio piloto de casos-controles

López González, Luis; Rodríguez Costa, I.; Palacios Cibrián, Antonio
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Objetivos: valorar la eficacia de un programa de propiocepción específico de tobillo, de 8 semanas de duración, constatando si se generan cambios o no en el control postural estático y dinámico de tobillos con y sin historia de esguinces en jugadoras de baloncesto amateur. Participantes y métodos: treinta jugadoras de baloncesto amateur (de entre 12-17 años) participaron en un estudio de casos-controles prospectivo que implicó el desarrollo de un programa de propiocepción de 8 semanas de duración. En todas ellas se valoraron las características antropométricas y las rutinas deportivas, así como el control postural estático y dinámico de la articulación del tobillo mediante el One Leg Standing Test (OLST) y el Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). Resultados: se produjeron mejoras estadísticamente significativas (p < 0,05) en tobillos con y sin historia de esguinces en el grupo experimental (n = 17), tanto en los test de control postural estático, a excepción del OLST con ojos abiertos, como dinámico. En el grupo de control (n = 13) solo se apreciaron mejoras estadísticamente significativas en las trayectorias anterior y postero-lateral del SEBT. Conclusiones: los programas de propiocepción para esguinces de tobillo sobre platos Böhler parecen conseguir mejoras el control postural estático y dinámico de la articulación en jugadoras de baloncesto amateur con y sin historia previa de esguinces...

Effects of compressive garments on the recovery from high intensity plyometrics

Moreno, D.; García Marín, Pablo; Cejuela, Roberto; Esteve Lanao, Jonathan
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG

Viaduct over river Ulla: An outstanding composite (steel and concrete) high-speed railway viaduct

Millanes Mato, Francisco; Ortega Cornejo, Miguel; Matute Rubio, Luis
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
The viaduct over River Ulla is located in the Atlantic High Speed Railway Line between A Coruña and Pontevedra, in the northwest of Spain. Its location, close to the firth of Ulla, in a landscape of outstanding natural beauty and strong environmental constraints, was the object of a tender among the most renowned Spanish structural specialists. The solution chosen was a 1620 m long viaduct, with three main spans of 225 + 240 + 225 m and several approaching spans of 120 m length each, which meant a main span being about 20% longer than the Nantenbach bridge in Germany, the current world record in High Speed Railway composite steel and concrete truss girder beam bridges. The main spans have been designed with a double composite steel and concrete truss deck, with double composite action in hogging zones, and a total depth ranging from 9,15 m at the midspan section to 17,90 m at the section over the piers. The adjacent spans that give access to the depth-varying main ones have been designed with constant depth. This article describes the structural conception of the bridge and the three different constructive processes that had to be used due to the access and the environmental restrictions.

EUROMAC: Disease registry for McArdle disease and other pure muscle glycogenolytic disorders presenting with exercise intolerance

Scalco, Renata S.; Quinlivan, Ros; Martin, R.; Baruch, Noemi; Martín, Miguel Ángel; Navarra, Carmen; Martinuzzi, Andrea; Bruno, Claudio; Laforêt, Pascal; Sacconi, S.; Wakelin, Andrew; Hadjgeorgiou, G.; Vissing, John; Vorgerd, Mathias; Haller, Ronald; O
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG

New criteria to select foreign entry mode choice of global franchise chains into emerging markets

Baena Graciá, Verónica; Cerviño Fernández, Julio
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Despite emerging markets are some of the fastest growing economies in the world and represent countries that are experiencing a substantial economic transformation, little is known about the factors influencing choices of foreign entry mode in those markets. Especially, regarding companies that franchise overseas. In an attempt to expand our knowledge of this topic, this paper presents an empirical assessment of the relationship between a set of different variables with the four possible modes of entry that franchisor companies can adopt overseas: i) direct franchising; ii) master franchising; iii) joint venture; and iv) direct investment. Besides the host market’s political stability, economic potential and unemployment rate were proposed as independent variables, we controlled for other variables that may affect foreign entry mode choice: the geographical distance between the host and home country, the franchisor’s international experience as well as the efficiency of contract enforcement in the host country.

From individual to collective dynamics in Argentine ants (Linepithema humile)

Vela Pérez, María; Fontelos, Marco A.; Garnier, S.
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
In this paper we propose a model for the formation of paths in Argentine ants when foraging in an empty arena. Based on experimental observations, we provide a distribution for the random change in direction that they approximately undergo while foraging as a mixture of a Gaussian and a Pareto distribution. By following the principles described in previous work [32], we consider persistence and reinforcement to create a model for the motion of ants in the plane. Numerical simulations based on this model lead to the formation of branched ant-trails analogous to those observed experimentally.

Protocolo para comunicación inalámbrica de alta eficiencia en instalaciones de energías renovables

Sasián, Félix; Theron, Ricardo; Gachet Páez, Diego
Fonte: Universidade Européia Publicador: Universidade Européia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Durante estos últimos cuatro años, la industria fotovoltaica (FV) ha tenido que enfrentarse a su primer proceso de consolidación, debido, entre otros factores, a la crisis económica. En esas circunstancias, la FV tiene la necesidad vital de reducir los costes. Una nueva línea de trabajo, la electrónica de potencia empotrada a nivel de modulo (MLPE Module Level Power Electronic), está en plena expansión y promete aumentar no solo la eficiencia sino también la flexibilidad y la seguridad de los sistemas fotovoltaicos. No obstante, una solución óptima de MLPE dependerá de la gestión eficaz de la comunicación de datos. Desafortunadamente, hoy en día no existe un protocolo estándar abierto que presente las características deseadas para este fin. En este artículo se propone una solución de comunicaciones basada en un protocolo robusto, seguro y fácil de implementar sobre un pequeño micro-controlador, enfocado a sistemas de ultra bajo consumo y que, por el hecho de estar orientado a mensaje y evitar la fragmentación de la información, permite anchos de banda bajos y entornos con alto nivel de ruido. Sobre todo, dicho protocolo aporta una solución para estandarizar la comunicación entre los distintos equipos que contempla una instalación FV (independientemente de su tipo y tamaño). Finalmente...