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Investigation of the Photodynamic Effects of Curcumin Against Candida albicans

DOVIGO, Livia N.; PAVARINA, Ana Claudia; RIBEIRO, Ana Paula D.; BRUNETTI, Iguatemy L.; COSTA, Carlos Alberto de S.; JACOMASSI, Denis P.; BAGNATO, Vanderlei Salvador; KURACHI , Cristina
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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This study describes the association of curcumin with light emitting diode (LED) for the inactivation of Candida albicans. Suspensions of Candida were treated with nine curcumin concentrations and exposed to LED at different fluences. The protocol that showed the best outcomes for Candida inactivation was selected to evaluate the effect of the preirradiation time (PIT) on photodynamic therapy (PDT) effectiveness, the uptake of curcumin by C. albicans cells and the possible involvement of singlet oxygen in the photodynamic action. Curcumin-mediated PDT was also assessed against biofilms. In addition to the microbiological experiments, similar protocols were tested on a macrophage cell line and the effect was evaluated by Methyltetrazolium assay (MTT) and SEM analysis. The optical properties of curcumin were investigated as a function of illumination fluence. When compared with the control group, a statistically significant reduction in C. albicans viability was observed after PDT (P < 0.05), for both planktonic and biofilm cultures. Photodynamic effect was greatly increased with the presence of curcumin in the surrounding media and the PIT of 20 min improved PDT effectiveness against biofilms. Although PDT was phototoxic to macrophages...

Photodynamic Efficiency of Cationic meso-Porphyrins at Lipid Bilayers: Insights from Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Cordeiro, Rodrigo M.; Miotto, Ronei; Baptista, Mauricio da Silva
Fonte: AMER CHEMICAL SOC; WASHINGTON Publicador: AMER CHEMICAL SOC; WASHINGTON
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Porphyrin derivatives have applications as photoactive drugs in photodynamic therapy. However, little is known about their interactions with phospholipid membranes at the molecular level. We employed molecular dynamics simulations to model the binding between a series of cationic meso-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)phenylporphyrins and anionic phosphatidylglycerol lipid bilayers. This was done in the presence of molecular oxygen within the membrane. The ability of various porphyrins to cause photodamage was quantified in terms of their immersion depth and degree of exposition to a higher oxygen concentration inside the membrane. Simulations showed that the photodynamic efficiency could be improved as the number of hydrophobic phenyl substituents attached to the porphyrinic ring increased. In the specific case of porphyrins containing two hydrophobic and two charged substituents, the cis isomer was significantly more efficient than the trans. These results correlate well with previous experimental observations. They highlight the importance of both the total charge and amphiphilicity of the photosensitizer for its performance in photodynamic therapy.; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP); Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP)

Photophysical properties and interactions of xanthene dyes in aqueous micelles

Pellosi, Diogo Silva; Estevao, Bianca Martins; Semensato, Juliana; Severino, Divinomar; Baptista, Mauricio da Silva; Politi, Mario Jose; Hioka, Noboru; Caetano, Wilker
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA; LAUSANNE Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA; LAUSANNE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Photosensitizers (PS) photodynamic activities are regulated by their location in the biological target, which modulates their photophysical and photochemical features. In this work the PS partition for the Xanthene Dyes Fluorescein (FSC), Eosin Y(EOS), Erythrosin B (ERY) and Rose Bengal B (RBB) in biomimetic models (SDS, CTAB and Pluronic P-123 micelles) and the effects on their photophysical characteristics are evaluated. The hydrophobic and electrostatic forces that govern the PS-micelle interaction are analyzed. At physiological pH (7.25), the ability of the dianionic protolytic form of the dyes to be positioned into the micelle palisade and its micelle interaction depends not only on the hydrophobicity of the dye but also on the micellar surface charge. The Binding Constants obey exactly the same order of the Partition Coefficients for the dyes in P-123 and CTAB micelles. The Stern-Volmer treatment pointed out that dyes are located inside the micelle, especially ERY and RBB. The magnitude of the dye-micelle interaction increased from SDS, P-123 and finally CTAB micelles due to the charges between dye and micelle, and among the xanthenes, their hydrophobic characteristics. Within the micelle pseudo phase, ERY and RBB are still very efficient photosensitizers exhibiting high quantum yield of singlet oxygen...

Phototoxic effect of curcumin on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and L929 fibroblasts

Ribeiro, Ana Paula Dias; Pavarina, Ana Cláudia; Dovigo, Livia Nordi; Brunetti, Iguatemy Lourenço; Bagnato, Vanderlei Salvador; Vergani, Carlos Eduardo; Costa, Carlos Alberto de Souza
Fonte: Springer; London Publicador: Springer; London
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Photodynamic therapy has been investigated as an alternative method of killing pathogens in response to the multiantibiotic resistance problem. This study evaluated the photodynamic effect of curcumin on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) compared to susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) and L929 fibroblasts. Suspensions of MSSA and MRSA were treated with different concentrations of curcumin and exposed to light-emitting diode (LED). Serial dilutions were obtained from each sample, and colony counts were quantified. For fibroblasts, the cell viability subsequent to the curcumin-mediated photodynamic therapy was evaluated using the MTT assay and morphological changes were assessed by SEM analysis. Curcumin concentrations ranging from 5.0 to 20.0 μM in combination with any tested LED fluences resulted in photokilling of MSSA. However, only the 20.0 μM concentration in combination with highest fluence resulted in photokilling of MRSA. This combination also promoted an 80% reduction in fibroblast cell metabolism and morphological changes were present, indicating that cell membrane was the main target of this phototherapy. The combination of curcumin with LED light caused photokilling of both S. aureus strains and may represent an alternative treatment for eradicating MRSA...

Nanocarreadores contendo ftalocianina de cloroalumínio: desenvolvimento, caracterização físico-química e avaliação in vitro da fotocitotoxicidade em melanoma; Nanocarriers containing chloroaluminum phthalocyanine: development, physicochemical characterization, and in vitro evaluation of photocytotoxicity on melanoma

Moura, Marigilson Pontes de Siqueira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/08/2011 PT
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A Terapia Fotodinâmica (TFD) contra o melanoma cutâneo tem encontrado várias limitações devido à interferência de cromóforos endógenos (melanina) na irradiação deste tipo de cancêr de pele. Agentes fotossensibilizantes que absorverem em comprimentos de onda superiores a 650 nm evitam a competição com a melanina (absorção máxima 530 nm). Neste cenário, surge a ftalocianina de cloroalumínio com forte absorção entre 670-680 nm. Entretanto, esta molécula é lipofílica, o que impede sua aplicação na terapêutica. Para superar este problema, esforços têm sido direcionados para o desenvolvimento de sistemas de veiculação de fármacos hidrofóbicos. Portanto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi desenvolver, caracterizar e avaliar o efeito fotodinâmico de ClAlPc encapsulada em nanocápsulas e nanopartículas de organogel. As nanocápsulas contendo ClAlPc foram obtidas pelo método de nanoprecipitação por meio de um planejamento fatorial 23 e as nanopartículas de organogel contendo ClAlPc foram preparadas pela dispersão a quente do organogel em solução aquosa. Ambas as formulações coloidais foram caracterizadas com relação ao diâmetro médio, índice de polidispersão (IPd), potencial zeta, eficiência de encapsulação (E.E.) e estabilidade física. Os ensaios in vitro de toxicidade e fotocitotoxicidade de ClAlPc nanoencapsulada e/ou livre foram realizados sobre as linhagens melanocíticas WM1552C...

Effects of photodynamic therapy on xenografts of human mesothelioma and rat mammary carcinoma in nude mice.

Gibson, S. L.; Foster, T. H.; Feins, R. H.; Raubertas, R. F.; Fallon, M. A.; Hilf, R.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1994 EN
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We have examined the effectiveness of photodynamic therapy against R3230AC rat mammary adenocarcinoma and human mesothelioma as xenografts in the same host. The results demonstrate that the xenografted human tumour is significantly more responsive to photodynamic treatment than the rodent mammary tumour. Studies also showed that the mesothelioma xenograft was fluence rate- and fluence-dependent while the rat tumour exposed to the same conditions demonstrated neither of these dependencies. This disparity in response was not attributable to a difference in either whole-tumour uptake or subcellular distribution of the porphyrin photosensitiser. Analysis of the effects of visible irradiation on cytochrome c oxidase activity, measured in mitochondria prepared from tumours borne on hosts injected with photosensitiser, demonstrated that photoradiation-induced enzyme inhibition was significantly greater in mesothelioma than in R3230AC mammary tumour preparations. However, in parallel studies conducted in vitro, when photosensitiser and light were delivered to previously unperturbed mitochondria, rates of enzyme inhibition were not significantly different. Both tumours were established in long-term cell culture. While the uptake of porphyrin photosensitiser was equivalent in both cell lines...

Studies on Preparation of Photosensitizer Loaded Magnetic Silica Nanoparticles and Their Anti-Tumor Effects for Targeting Photodynamic Therapy

Chen, Zhi-Long; Sun, Yun; Huang, Peng; Yang, Xiao-Xia; Zhou, Xing-Ping
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/01/2009 EN
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As a fast developing alternative of traditional therapeutics, photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective, noninvasive, nontoxic therapeutics for cancer, senile macular degeneration, and so on. But the efficacy of PDT was compromised by insufficient selectivity and low solubility. In this study, novel multifunctional silica-based magnetic nanoparticles (SMNPs) were strategically designed and prepared as targeting drug delivery system to achieve higher specificity and better solubility. 2,7,12,18-Tetramethyl-3,8-di-(1-propoxyethyl)-13,17-bis-(3-hydroxypropyl) porphyrin, shorted as PHPP, was used as photosensitizer, which was first synthesized by our lab with good PDT effects. Magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4) and PHPP were incorporated into silica nanoparticles by microemulsion and sol–gel methods. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy. The nanoparticles were approximately spherical with 20–30 nm diameter. Intense fluorescence of PHPP was monitored in the cytoplasm of SW480 cells. The nanoparticles possessed good biocompatibility and could generate singlet oxygen to cause remarkable photodynamic anti-tumor effects. These suggested that PHPP-SMNPs had great potential as effective drug delivery system in targeting photodynamic therapy...

Therapeutic and Aesthetic Uses of Photodynamic Therapy Part five of a five-part series: ALA-PDT in Clinical Practice How One Clinician Performs This Procedure

Gold, Michael H.
Fonte: Matrix Medical Communications Publicador: Matrix Medical Communications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2009 EN
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The use of 5-aminolevulinic acid–photodynamic therapy in clinical practice is an individual determination based on experiences learned from clinicians and from personal experience. This manuscript reviews how one clinician approaches patients interested in having photodynamic therapy. It covers all practical aspects of the treatment process and reviews how photodynamic therapy can be utilized in your clinical practice.

Photodynamic therapy in the treatment of basal cell carcinoma

Matei, C; Tampa, M; Poteca, T; Panea-Paunica, G; Georgescu, SR; Ion, RM; Popescu, SM; Giurcaneanu, C
Fonte: Carol Davila University Press Publicador: Carol Davila University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a medical procedure based on the activation of the molecules of various exogenous or endogenous chemical substances called photosensitizers by a light source emitting radiation of an adequate wavelength, usually situated in the visible spectrum; photosensitizers are chemical compounds bearing the capacity to selectively concentrate in the neoplastic cells. The energy captured by the molecules of these substances pervaded in the tumor cells is subsequently discharged in the surrounding tissue, triggering certain photodynamic reactions that result in the destruction of the tumor. The procedure is applicable in numerous medical fields. Skin basal cell carcinoma (BCC), the most frequent type of cancer of the human species, is a cutaneous tumor that responds very well to this innovative treatment method. By reviewing numerous recent studies in the field, this article aims to present the role and the indications of photodynamic therapy in the management of basal cell carcinoma, as well as the most important results achieved so far by this therapy in the field of dermato-oncology.

Photosensitizer-Conjugated Silica-Coated Gold Nanoclusters for Fluorescence Imaging-Guided Photodynamic Therapy

Huang, Peng; Lin, Jing; Wang, Shouju; Zhou, Zhijun; Li, Zhiming; Wang, Zhe; Zhang, Chunlei; Yue, Xuyi; Niu, Gang; Yang, Min; Cui, Daxiang; Chen, Xiaoyuan
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Multifunctional theranostics have recently been intensively explored to optimize the efficacy and safety of therapeutic regimens. In this work, a photo-theranostic agent based on chlorin e6 (Ce6) photosensitizer-conjugated silica-coated gold nanoclusters (AuNCs@SiO2-Ce6) is strategically designed and prepared for fluorescence imaging-guided photodynamic therapy (PDT). The AuNCs@SiO2-Ce6 shows the following features: i) high Ce6 photosensitizer loading; ii) no non-specific release of Ce6 during its circulation; iii) significantly enhanced cellular uptake efficiency of Ce6, offering a remarkably improved photodynamic therapeutic efficacy compared to free Ce6; iv) subcellular characterization of the nanoformula via both the fluorescence of Ce6 and plasmon luminescence of AuNCs; v) fluorescence imaging-guided photodynamic therapy (PDT). This photo-theranostics owns good stability, high water dispersibility and solubility, non-cytotoxicity, and good biocompatibility, thus facilitating its biomedical applications, particularly for multi-modal optical, CT and photoacoustic (PA) imaging guided PDT or sonodynamic therapy.

Photodynamic Therapy and Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Siaudvytyte, Lina; Diliene, Vaida; Miniauskiene, Goda; Balciuniene, Vilma Jurate
Fonte: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery & Innovation Ophthalmology Publicador: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery & Innovation Ophthalmology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
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Central serous chorioretinopathy is a common acquired maculopathy. Multiple studies showed that photodynamic therapy is useful treatment for acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. The exact mechanism of photodynamic therapy in treating central serous chorioretinopathy is not clear, but it is thought to be caused by short-term choriocapillaris hypoperfusion and long-term choroidal vascular remodeling, leading to a reduction in choroidal congestion, vascular hyperpermeability and extravascular leakage. Furthermore, photodynamic therapy seems to be an effective means of improving or stabilizing visual acuity in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy.

Photodynamic Therapy for Juxtapapillary Retinal Capillary Hemangioma

Mitropoulos, Panagiotis G.; Chatziralli, Irini P.; Peponis, Vasileios G.; Tsiotra, Vasileia A.; Parikakis, Efstratios A.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Various treatment modalities have been described for retinal capillary hemangioma. Our purpose is to present a case of juxtapapillary retinal capillary hemangioma treated with photodynamic therapy. A 69-year-old woman with no previous ocular history presented with blurred vision and photopsias in the right eye three months ago. At presentation, her best corrected visual acuity was 6/9 in the right eye and 6/6 in the left eye. The anterior segment was totally normal and IOP was normal in both eyes as well. Dilated fundoscopy revealed a yellowish, well-circumscribed, elevated area with blood vessels, on the inferior margin of the right optic disc, as optic disc edema. Fluorescein angiography and angiogram with indocyanine green confirmed the diagnosis of juxtapapillary retinal capillary hemangioma. The patient was treated with photodynamic therapy with verteporfin and three months later her visual acuity was 6/7.5 in the right eye, while the lesion was slightly smaller. These findings remained stable at the one-year follow-up. In conclusion, photodynamic therapy offers promising anatomical and functional results for juxtapapillary retinal capillary hemangioma, providing visual acuity improvement or even stabilization and restriction of enlargement of the lesion.

Breast cancer as photodynamic therapy target: Enhanced therapeutic efficiency by overview of tumor complexity

Lamberti, María Julia; Vittar, Natalia Belén Rumie; Rivarola, Viviana Alicia
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Photodynamic therapy is a minimally invasive and clinically approved procedure for eliminating selected malignant cells with specific light activation of a photosensitizer agent. Whereas interstitial and intra-operative approaches have been investigated for the ablation of a broad range of superficial or bulky solid tumors such as breast cancer, the majority of approved photodynamic therapy protocols are for the treatment of superficial lesions of skin and luminal organs. This review article will discuss recent progress in research focused mainly on assessing the efficacies of various photosensitizers used in photodynamic therapy, as well as the combinatory strategies of various therapeutic modalities for improving treatments of parenchymal and/or stromal tissues of breast cancer solid tumors. Cytotoxic agents are used in cancer treatments for their effect on rapidly proliferating cancer cells. However, such therapeutics often lack specificity, which can lead to toxicity and undesirable side effects. Many approaches are designed to target tumors. Selective therapies can be established by focusing on distinctive intracellular (receptors, apoptotic pathways, multidrug resistance system, nitric oxide-mediated stress) and environmental (glucose...

Effective near-infrared photodynamic therapy assisted by upconversion nanoparticles conjugated with photosensitizers

Dou, Qing Qing; Teng, Choon Peng; Ye, Enyi; Loh, Xian Jun
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/01/2015 EN
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A drug model photosensitizer–conjugated upconversion nanoparticles nanocomplex was explored for application in near-infrared photodynamic therapy. As near-infrared penetrates deeper into the tissue, the model is useful for the application of photodynamic therapy in deeper tissue. The nanocomplex that was synthesized had low polydispersity, and the upconversion nanoparticle was covalently conjugated with the photosensitizer. The robust bond could prevent the undesired premature release of photosensitizer and also enhance the singlet-oxygen generation. Singlet-oxygen generation rate from this nanocomplex was evaluated in solution. The photodynamic therapy effect was assessed with MCF-7 cells in two different methods, 3-(4,5-dimethylth-iazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and live/dead assay. The assay results showed that promising efficacy (>90%) can be achieved with a low concentration (50 μg mL−1) of this nanocomplex and mild dosage (7 mW cm−2) of near-infrared laser treatment.

Pain in photodynamic therapy: mechanism of action and management strategies; Dor na terapia fotodinâmica: mecanismo de ação e estratégias de manejo

Chaves, Yuri Nogueira; Torezan, Luís Antonio Ribeiro; Niwa, Ane Beatriz Mautari; Sanches Junior, Jose Antonio; Festa Neto, Ciro
Fonte: SOC BRASILEIRA DERMATOLOGIA; RIO DE JANEIRO Publicador: SOC BRASILEIRA DERMATOLOGIA; RIO DE JANEIRO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Photodynamic therapy involves administration of a photosensitizing drug and its subsequent activation by irradiation with a light source at wavelengths matching the absorption spectrum of the photosensitizer. In many countries around the world, topical photodynamic therapy has been approved for treatment of cutaneous oncologic conditions such as actinic keratosis, Bowen's disease, and superficial basal cell carcinoma. Multicenter, randomized, controlled studies have confirmed its efficacy and superior cosmetic outcomes compared to conventional therapies. Nevertheless, this therapeutic method presents some adverse effects, such as erythema, edema, pigmentation, pustules, and pain. There is no doubt that pain is the most severe of the adverse effects, being sometimes responsible for definitive treatment interruption. The pain mechanism has not yet been fully understood, which makes complete pain control a challenge to be conquered. In spite of that, this literature review presents some useful pain management strategies as well as the most important pain-related factors in photodynamic therapy.

Photodynamic therapy; a comparison with other immunomodulatory treatments of adjuvant-enhanced arthritis in MRL-lpr mice.

Ratkay, L G; Chowdhary, R K; Neyndorff, H C; Tonzetich, J; Waterfield, J D; Levy, J G
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1994 EN
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Although numerous experimental immunomodulatory regimens have been reported to be effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, they also produce undesirable side effects. An alternative specific modality of localized treatment is photodynamic therapy (PDT). In this study we treated 13-week-old MRL-lpr mice whose spontaneous arthritis was enhanced by intradermal injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA). One group received transcutaneous photodynamic therapy at days 0, 10, and 20, following the FCA injection. The other groups were injected with 1 mg/kg per day indomethacin, 40 mg/kg per day cyclosporin A (CsA), or treated with 3 Gy sublethal whole body irradiation (WBI). The development of swelling was monitored for 1 month, at which time proteinuria, lymphadenopathy and the histopathology of the joints and kidneys were assessed. The results demonstrated that PDT and the conventional treatments significantly ameliorated swelling of the hindlimbs from 70% in the untreated FCA-injected animals to below the 19% level characteristic of the unmanipulated control. Histological examination showed a reduction in pannus formation, and cartilage and bone destruction, the characteristics of adjuvant-enhanced arthritis. PDT did not affect the survival rate...

Conscious sedation with inhaled 50% nitrous oxide/oxygen premix in photodynamic therapy sessions for vulvar lichen sclerosus treatment*

Cabete, Joana; Campos, Sara; Lestre, Sara
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
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Photodynamic therapy has been described as an effective therapeutic option in selected cases of anogenital lichen sclerosus that are refractory to first-line treatments. However, procedure-related pain is a limiting factor in patient adherence to treatment. The authors report the case of a 75-year-old woman with highly symptomatic vulvar lichen sclerosus, successfully treated with photodynamic therapy. An inhaled 50% nitrous oxide/oxygen premix was administered during sessions, producing a pain-relieving, anxiolytic, and sedative effect without loss of consciousness. This ready-to-use gas mixture may be a well-tolerated and accepted alternative to classical anesthetics in Photodynamic therapy, facilitating patients' adherence to illumination of pain-prone areas.

Conscious sedation with inhaled 50% nitrous oxide/oxygen premix in photodynamic therapy sessions for vulvar lichen sclerosus treatment

Cabete,Joana; Campos,Sara; Lestre,Sara
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 EN
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Photodynamic therapy has been described as an effective therapeutic option in selected cases of anogenital lichen sclerosus that are refractory to first-line treatments. However, procedure-related pain is a limiting factor in patient adherence to treatment. The authors report the case of a 75-year-old woman with highly symptomatic vulvar lichen sclerosus, successfully treated with photodynamic therapy. An inhaled 50% nitrous oxide/oxygen premix was administered during sessions, producing a pain-relieving, anxiolytic, and sedative effect without loss of consciousness. This ready-to-use gas mixture may be a well-tolerated and accepted alternative to classical anesthetics in Photodynamic therapy, facilitating patients' adherence to illumination of pain-prone areas.

Pain in photodynamic therapy: mechanism of action and management strategies

Chaves,Yuri Nogueira; Torezan,Luis Antônio; Niwa,Ane Beatriz Mautari; Sanches Junior,José Antônio; Festa Neto,Ciro
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.904907%
Photodynamic therapy involves administration of a photosensitizing drug and its subsequent activation by irradiation with a light source at wavelengths matching the absorption spectrum of the photosensitizer. In many countries around the world, topical photodynamic therapy has been approved for treatment of cutaneous oncologic conditions such as actinic keratosis, Bowen's disease, and superficial basal cell carcinoma. Multicenter, randomized, controlled studies have confirmed its efficacy and superior cosmetic outcomes compared to conventional therapies. Nevertheless, this therapeutic method presents some adverse effects, such as erythema, edema, pigmentation, pustules, and pain. There is no doubt that pain is the most severe of the adverse effects, being sometimes responsible for definitive treatment interruption. The pain mechanism has not yet been fully understood, which makes complete pain control a challenge to be conquered. In spite of that, this literature review presents some useful pain management strategies as well as the most important pain-related factors in photodynamic therapy.

Daylight photodynamic therapy with methyl aminolevulinate cream as a convenient, similarly effective, nearly painless alternative to conventional photodynamic therapy in actinic keratosis treatment: a randomized controlled trial

Rubel, Diana; Spelman, L.; Murrell, Dedee F.; See, J.A.; Hewitt, D.; Foley, P.; Bosc, C.; Kerob, D.; Kerrouche, N.; Wulf, H.C.; Shumack, S.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Summary Background Daylight photodynamic therapy (DL-PDT) of actinic keratosis (AK) has shown preliminary efficacy and safety results comparable to conventional photodynamic therapy (c-PDT), using methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) cream.Objectives To demonstra