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Step-Up: Promoting Youth Mental Health and Development in Inner-City High Schools

Alicea, Stacey; Pardo, Gisselle; Conover, Kelly; Gopalan, Geetha; McKay, Mary
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
African American and Latino youth who reside in inner-city communities are at heightened risk for compromised mental health, as their neighborhoods are too often associated with serious stressors, including elevated rates of poverty, substance abuse, community violence, as well as scarce youth-supportive resources, and mental health care options. Many aspects of disadvantaged urban contexts have the potential to thwart successful youth development. Adolescents with elevated mental health needs may experience impaired judgment, poor problem-solving skills, and conflictual interpersonal relationships, resulting in unsafe sexual behavior and drug use. However, mental health services are frequently avoided by urban adolescents who could gain substantial benefit from care. Thus, the development of culturally sensitive, contextually relevant and effective services for urban, low-income African American and Latino adolescents is critical. Given the complexity of the mental health and social needs of urban youth, novel approaches to service delivery may need to consider individual (i.e., motivation to succeed in the future), family (i.e., adult support within and outside of the family), and community-level (i.e., work and school opportunities) clinical components. Step-Up...

Capacity to Attend to the Needs of Persons with Dual Diagnoses in the Criminal Justice System: Views of Mental Health and Criminal Justice Professionals

Christina, Fergus
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.02%
Currently, individuals with intellectual disabilities are overrepresented within the Criminal Justice System (Griffiths, Taillon-Wasmond & Smith, 2002). A primary problem within the Criminal Justice System is the lack of distinction between mental illness and intellectual disabilities within the Criminal Code. Due to this lack of distinction and the overall lack of identification procedures in the Criminal Justice System, individuals with disabilities will often not receive proper accommodations to enable them to play an equitable role in the justice system. There is increasing evidence that persons with intellectual disabilities are more likely than others to have their rights violated, not use court supports and accommodations as much as they should, and be subject to miscarriages of justice (Marinos, 2010). In this study, interviews were conducted with mental health (n=8) and criminal justice professionals (n=8) about how individuals with dual diagnosis are received in the Criminal Justice System. It was found that criminal justice professionals lack significant knowledge about dual diagnosis, including effective identification and therefore appropriate supports and accommodations. Justice professionals in particular were relatively ill-prepared in dealing effectively with this population. One finding to highlight is that there is misunderstanding between mental health professionals and justice professionals about who ought to take responsibility and accountability for this population.

What is the role of general practice in addressing youth mental health? A discussion paper

Cullen, Walter; Broderick, N; Connolly, D; Meagher, David
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.25%
peer-reviewed; Background. Mental and substance use disorders are a leading cause of morbidity among young people. Policy and clinical services in Ireland are endeavouring to address theses twin issues. Aims. To review the emerging literature on the role of general practice in addressing youth mental health and to discuss the implications of this literature for further research, education and service delivery. Methods. We conducted a review of ‘PubMed’ and a web search of relevant national / international primary / mental healthcare agencies and professional bodies. Results. Although general practice has an important role in addressing youth mental health, there are challenges in how young people seek help. Specifically, young people do not engage with healthcare agencies and many factors which act as barriers and enablers in this regard have been identified. The detection and treatment of mental and substance use disorders by GPs can be improved and implementing interventions to improve screening and early intervention are likely to be valuable. Conclusions. General practice is a central agency in addressing youth mental health and complex multifaceted interventions (education, clinical guidelines, promoting awareness) are likely to support its role. Further research exploring this issue is a priority.

Early intervention in youth mental health: development of guidelines for general practice

Schaffalitzky, Elizabeth; Leahy, Dorothy; Cullen, Walter
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.15%
non-peer-reviewed; Aims: GPs, as healthcare professionals with whom young people commonly interact, have a central role in early intervention for youth mental health. To support GPs in this important role, we aim to develop clinical guidelines to promote identification and treatment of mental and substance use disorders among young adults (age 16-24). Methods: Following a qualitative study of young people and healthcare professionals in two urban deprived areas, we conducted a modified Delphi study using the following steps: i) Established an Expert Panel involving 18 key stakeholders; ii) Identified key areas which the guidelines should address using a group meeting and survey; iii) Reviewed and synthesised relevant literature; iv) Review of items created again by the stakeholder panel, with another meeting and survey. Results: Twenty-two items were considered important for inclusion in the guidelines and 17 items important for implementing them. These items could be divided into five different domains 1. Prevention, Health Promotion and Access; 2. Assessment and Identification; 3. Interaction with Other Agencies/Referral; 4. Ongoing Support; and 5. Implementation issues. Conclusions: Guidelines which would include all 22 items and 17 implementations would be too unwieldy for reasonable use by GPs. However...

Towards early intervention for youth mental health in primary care: a mixed methods investigation

Leahy, Dorothy
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.33%
peer-reviewed; In Ireland, psychological morbidity has been reported in 21-27% of young people and recent data has indicated that the youth suicide rate in Ireland is now the second highest (of 26 countries) in the European Union, for 0-19 year olds. Early intervention in youth mental health is increasingly viewed as easier, cheaper and more effective than traditional approaches to care. GPs, as the health care professional most often consulted by young people, have a central role in early detection of youth mental health and substance use problems. However, there is a dearth of evidence regarding the experiences and attitudes of young people and health care workers towards screening and treatment for mental and substance use disorders in primary care in Ireland. The overarching aim of this thesis was to examine the role of primary care (with a particular focus on the role of the GP) in providing early intervention and treatment for mental health and substance use problems in young people. It was a mixed methods study that involved qualitative interviews with health care workers (n=37) and young people (n=20) from primary care, secondary care and community agencies in two of Ireland’s most socio-economically disadvantaged areas...

Mental health problems among young people on remand: has anything changed since 1989?

Sawyer, M.; Guidolin, M.; Schulz, K.; McGinnes, B.; Baghurst, P.; Zubrick, S.
Fonte: Public Health Assoc Australia Inc Publicador: Public Health Assoc Australia Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.08%
Objectives: To determine whether the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents on court ordered remand in South Australia has changed since 1989. To compare the prevalence of mental health problems reported among adolescents on remand in 1989 and 2008/09 with the prevalence among adolescents in the general community. Method: Mental health problems were identified using the Youth Self-Report (YSR), which was completed by 11-17 year olds on remand in South Australia in 1989 (n=100) and in 2008/09 (n=197), and 13-17 year olds (n=1,283) in the national survey of mental health problems among Australian adolescents conducted in 1998. Results: Although adolescents on remand reported somewhat fewer mental health problems in 2008/09 than were reported in 1989, the prevalence of problems in both groups of adolescents on remand was significantly higher than that reported for adolescents in the general community. Conclusion: Adolescents on remand have a much higher prevalence of mental health problems than other adolescents in the community, with little change evident over the past 20 years. Implications: To reduce the high levels of mental health problems experienced by adolescents on remand, interventions need to provide effective management and treatment both during the time adolescents are on remand and after they return to the general community.; Michael G. Sawyer...

Building mental health in young Australians: a positive psychological approach.

Venning, Anthony John
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.25%
In the last decade positive psychology has contributed significantly to the conceptualisation of mental health and shown that increases in positive virtues or strengths are associated with better physical, psychosocial, and psychological functioning, and fewer symptoms of mental illness (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000; Seligman, Steen, Park, & Petersen, 2005; Seligman, 2005). It is suggested that if such a positive focus is adopted early in life it can then help develop a young person’s psychological strengths, such as resilience, optimism, and hope, and lay the foundations of a sustained healthy life in adulthood (Licence, 2004). However, despite this knowledge, the focus of mental health in Australia appears to remain on the prevention or alleviation of mental illness. This thesis represents one of the first attempts to redirect the focus of mental health in Australia away from mental illness and towards building positive resources that will enable young Australians to flourish in life. The results of five independent but related studies are presented in three published and two submitted papers that contribute to the conceptualisation and promotion of mental health in young Australians. Paper one (study one) reports the results of a meta-analysis and indicates that when compared to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) that contains zero hopeful elements...

Mental health and drug and alcohol comorbidity in young people of refugee background: a review of the literature

Posselt, M.; Galletly, C.; de Crespigny, C.; Procter, N.
Fonte: Taylor and Francis Publicador: Taylor and Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.95%
This review describes the existing knowledge concerning mental health (MH) and drug and alcohol problems in young people of refugee background. We explore the extent to which comorbid MH and alcohol and other drug (AOD) conditions (comorbidity) are likely to be experienced by young people of refugee background and investigate what is known about engaging and supporting young refugees with comorbidity in health services. Much of the literature suggests that young refugees are at a high risk of developing MH and AOD disorders. While it has been established that significant barriers to service engagement and service provision exist for young people of refugee background with one disorder, we suggest the risk may be higher for those experiencing comorbidity as they not only face cultural and linguistic barriers but are also often required to effectively navigate two different service sectors. Directions for future research are discussed.; Miriam Posselt, Cherrie Galletly, Charlotte de Crespigny and Nicholas Procter; Published online: 27 Feb 2013

The role of context in youth mental health and addiction issues: a qualitative study on social deprivation in Limerick City and Dublin South Inner City

Schaffalitzky, Elizabeth; Leahy, Dorothy; Armstrong, Claire; Bury, Gerard; Cussen Murphy, Paula; Davis, Rachel; Dooley, Barbara; Gavin, Blanaid; Keane, Rory; Keenan, Eamon; Laham, Linda; Meagher, David; McGorry, Pat; McNicholas, Fiona; O'Connor, Ray; O'De
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.15%
non-peer-reviewed; Introduction: Youth mental health (YMH) and addiction issues are a core component of the problems facing those living in urban areas of social deprivation in Ireland, in particular South Inner City Dublin and Limerick City 1,2. These local contexts, with histories of drug addiction, violence, family dissolution, suicide and gang-related criminality lend themselves to promote further criminal and addictive behaviour, as well as increased stress and decreased protective factors such as social support and education. Early intervention is considered a ‘best buy’ in mental health, but the current Irish system struggles to engage with young people and offer them appropriate treatment.

Towards early intervention for youth mental health in primary care: a qualitative study of service provider perspectives in two deprived urban areas

Leahy, Dorothy; Schaffalitzky, Elizabeth; Bury, Gerard; Davis, Rachel; Dooley, Barbara; Gavin, Blanaid; Keane, Rory; Keenan, Eamon; Latham, Linda; Meagher, David; McGory, Pat; McNicholas, Fiona; O'Connor, Ray; O'Dea, Ellen; O'Kane, Veronica; O'Toole, Thom
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.31%
non-peer-reviewed; Aims: Early intervention in youth mental health is increasingly viewed as easier, cheaper and more effective than traditional approaches to care. GPs, as the healthcare professional most often consulted by young people, have a central role in early detection of youth mental health and addiction disorders. However, international data suggests many young people have concerns bringing these issues to their GP, and GPs themselves experience difficulty identifying and treating mental health issues. The aim of this study is to gain an understanding of the experience of youth mental health and addiction treatment in two deprived urban areas to inform future early intervention practice development. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were recorded with 37 healthcare professionals. Inductive thematic analysis was carried out using QSR NVivo 9. Results: ‘Context’ suggests youth mental health issues are considerably influenced by wider societal context and local factors (e.g. family). Intervention suggests many barriers and enablers to helping young people, be that at the identification, treatment, or engagement stages of intervention. Conclusions: Many factors influence how a young person develops, seeks help for, and engages with treatment for mental and substance use disorders. This knowledge is useful in developing interventions in primary care that are specific to deprived urban areas.

Primary care and youth mental health in Ireland:qualitative study in deprived urban areas

Leahy, Dorothy; Schaffalitzky, Elisabeth; Armstrong, Claire; Bury, Gerard; Cussen-Murphy, Paula; Davis, Rachel; Dooley, Barbara; Gavin, Blanaid; Keane, Rory; Keenan, Eamon; Latham, Linda; Meagher, David; McGorry, Pat; McNicholas, Fiona; O'Connor, Ray; O'D
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.32%
peer-reviewed; Background: Mental disorders account for six of the 20 leading causes of disability worldwide with a very high prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in youth aged 15–24 years. However, healthcare professionals are faced with many challenges in the identification and treatment of mental and substance use disorders in young people (e.g. young people’s unwillingness to seek help from healthcare professionals, lack of training, limited resources etc.) The challenge of youth mental health for primary care is especially evident in urban deprived areas, where rates of and risk factors for mental health problems are especially common. There is an emerging consensus that primary care is well placed to address mental and substance use disorders in young people especially in deprived urban areas. This study aims to describe healthcare professionals’ experience and attitudes towards screening and early intervention for mental and substance use disorders among young people (16–25 years) in primary care in deprived urban settings in Ireland. Methods: The chosen method for this qualitative study was inductive thematic analysis which involved semistructured interviews with 37 healthcare professionals from primary care...

Educational interventions: Equipping general practice for youth mental health and substance abuse. A discussion paper

O'Regan, Andrew; Schaffalitizky, Elizabeth; Cullen, Walter
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.31%
peer-reviewed; Background Youth mental health issues and substance abuse are important causes of morbidity and mortality in Ireland. General practice is a frequent point of contact for young people, however, reluctance amongst this population group to disclose mental health issues and a lack of confidence among GPs in dealing with them has been reported. Focussed training interventions with formal evaluation of their acceptability and effectiveness in achieving learning, behavioural change and impact on clinical practice are needed. Aims This paper aims to examine the literature on general practice in youth mental health, specifically, factors for an educational intervention for those working with young people in the community. Methods This review paper was carried out by an online search of PubMed on the recent literature on mental health and on educational interventions for health care workers in primary care. Results A number of papers describing educational interventions for GPs and primary care workers were found and analysed. Key areas to be addressed when identifying and treating mental health problems were: prevention, assessment, treatment, interaction with other services and ongoing support. Important elements of an educational intervention were identified.Discussion Several barriers exist that prevent the identification and treatment of these problems in primary care. An educational intervention should help GPs address these issues. Any intervention should be rigorously evaluated. Conclusion With the shift in services to the community in Irish health policy...

Development and evaluation of an educational intervention in youth mental health for primary care practitioners.

Birrane, John; Swan, Davina; Aherne, Declan; Davis, Rachel; Hannigan, Ailish; McPhillips, David; Meagher, David; O'Regan, Andrew; Ryan, Patrick; Schaffalitzky, Elisabeth; Cullen, Walter
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.33%
peer-reviewed; Objectives: Irish adolescents have one of the highest rates of suicide and self-harm in the European Union. Although primary care has been identified as an opportune environment in which to detect and treat mental health problems in adolescents, lack of training among primary care professionals (PCPs) is a barrier to optimum identification and treatment. We describe the development and evaluation of an educational intervention on youth mental health and substance misuse for PCPs. Methods: Thirty general practitioners and other PCPs working in the Mid-West region participated in an educational session on youth-friendly consultations, and identification and treatment of mental ill-health and substance use. Learning objectives were addressed through a presentation, video demonstration, small-group discussions, role play, question-and-answer sessions with clinical experts, and an information pack. Following the session, participants completed an evaluation form assessing knowledge gain and usefulness of different components of the session. Results: 71% of participants were involved in the provision of care to young people. 55% had no previous training in youth mental health or substance abuse. Participants rated knowledge gains as highest with regard to understanding the importance of early intervention...

"Nobody really gets it”: A qualitative exploration of youth mental health in deprived urban areas

Schaffalitzky, Elisabeth; Leahy, Dorothy; Armstrong, Claire; Gavin, Blanaid; Latham, Linda; McNicholas, Fiona; O'Connor, Ray; O'Toole, Thomas P; Smyth, Bobby P; Cullen, Walter
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.02%
peer-reviewed; Aim: To explore and describe the experience of mental health and addiction for young people living in urban deprived areas in Ireland. Method: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 20 young adults attending health and social care agencies in two deprived urban areas, and analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Five main themes were identified: experiencing symptoms, symptom progression, delay accessing help, loss of control/crisis point, and consequences of mental health and substance use issues. As young people delayed help, symptoms disrupted normal life progression and they found themselves unable to engage in every-day activities. Living in deprivation made it harder to avoid developing problems: many had added stressors, less familial support and early exposure to violence, addiction and bereavement. Conclusion: Young people in urban deprived areas are vulnerable to mental health and addiction issues. Early identification is necessary to halt this progression to improve their chances of achieving their potential.

Youth mental health in deprived urban areas: A Delphi study on the role of the GP in early intervention.

Schaffalitzky, Elisabeth; Leahy, Dorothy; Cullen, Walter; Gavin, Blanaid; Latham, Linda; O'Connor, Ray; Smyth, Bobby P; O'Dea, Ellen; Ryan, S
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.31%
peer-reviewed; For table 1-4, box 1-2 & figure 1 relating to this article please see attached files.; Background: GPs, as healthcare professionals with whom young people commonly interact, have a central role in early intervention for mental health problems. However, successfully fulfilling this role is a challenge, and this is especially in deprived urban areas. Aims: To inform a complex intervention to support GPs in this important role, we aim to identify the key areas in which general practice can help address youth mental health and strategies to enhance implementation. Methods: We conducted a modified Delphi study which involved establishing an expert panel involving key stakeholders / service providers at two deprived urban areas. The group reviewed emerging literature on the topic at a series of meetings and consensus was facilitated by iterative surveys. Results: We identified 20 individual roles in which GPs could help address youth mental health address youth mental health, across five domains: 1. Prevention, Health Promotion and Access, 2. Assessment and Identification, 3. Treatment Strategies, 4.Interaction with Other Agencies/Referral, and 5. Ongoing Support. With regard to strategies to enhance implementation, we identified a further 19 interventions...

Early intervention for youth mental health and substance use disorders: the role of the GP

Leahy, Dorothy; Schaffalitzky, Elisabeth; Armstrong, Claire; Bury, Gerard; Cussen-Murphy, Paula; Davis, Rachel; Dooley, Barbara; Gavin, Blanaid; Keane, Rory; Keenan, Eamon; Latham, Linda; Meagher, David; McGorry, Pat; McNicholas, Fiona; O'Connor, Ray; O'D
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.26%
non-peer-reviewed; In Ireland, psychological morbidity has been reported in 21-27% of young adults, while the rate of youth suicide is the fourth highest of 26 European Union countries. The challenge of youth mental health for primary care is especially evident in socio-economically disadvantaged areas where risk factors for mental health problems are especially common. Mental health care in primary care has been defined as “the provision of basic preventive and curative mental health care at the first point of contact of entry into the health care system” (WHO, 2001). However despite frequent interaction with general practice, young people may be reluctant to contact general practitioners (GPs), or even recognise them as a source of help when distressed. Health professionals also face many challenges when trying to identify the mental and substance use disorders, including fear of ‘over-medicalising’ young lives and misinterpreting depression as a normal response to the wider psychosocial context of a young person’s life.

Advocacy for youth mental health in Europe: a policy analysis

Gonçalves, M.; Farcas, D.; Cook, B.
Fonte: ARC PUBLISHING Publicador: ARC PUBLISHING
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.35%
Background: According to both the WHO Europe and the European Commission, youth mental health is a key area of concern in Europe. Fifty-two European countries signed a declaration and action plan for mental health at the Helsinki Conference in January 2005, with youth mental health a top priority. Methods: This paper reviews the theory, research, and practice on the topic in the WHO European Region and presents important implications for policy, research, and practice. It states problems related to youth mental health and then discusses different ways of solving them with policy. Results: Mental illness, especially emotional and conduct problems, as well as learning disabilities, is growing among European children and adolescents. However, stigma continues to be a significant barrier to effective promotion of youth mental health. Stigma can be related to others' perceptions of youth with mental distress, perceptions of mental health workers, perceptions of mental health treatment, and perceptions of mental health/illness itself. Conclusion: Advocacy to reduce stigma in health service settings, schools, and policy arenas can be an effective means by which to effect cultural change regarding mental health issues.

From early intervention in psychosis to youth mental health reform: a review of the evolution and transformation of mental health services for young people

Malla, Ashok; Iyer, Srividya; McGorry, Patrick; Cannon, Mary; Coughlin, Helen; Singh, Swaran; Jones, Peter; Joober, Ridha
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Article; accepted version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.36%
This is the author accepted manuscript. It is currently under an indefinite embargo pending publication by Springer.; Purpose: The objective of this review is to report on recent developments in youth mental health incorporating all levels of severity of mental disorders encouraged by progress in the field of early intervention in psychotic disorders, research in deficiencies in the current system and social advocacy. Methods: The authors have briefly reviewed the relevant current state of knowledge, challenges and the service and research response across four countries (Australia, Ireland, the U.K. and Canada) currently active in the youth mental health field. Results: Here we present information on response to principal challenges associated with improving youth mental services in each country. Australia has developed a model comprised of a distinct front line youth mental health service (Headspace) to be implemented across the country and initially stimulated by success in early intervention in psychosis; in Ireland, Headstrong has been driven primarily through advocacy and philanthropy resulting in front line services (Jigsaw) which are being implemented across different jurisdictions; in the UK a limited regional response has addressed mostly problems with transition from child-adolescent to adult mental health services; and in Canada a national multi-site research initiative involving transformation of youth mental health services has been launched with public and philanthropic funding...

Towards early intervention for youth mental health in primary care: a mixed methods investigation

Leahy, Dorothy
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.33%
peer-reviewed; In Ireland, psychological morbidity has been reported in 21-27% of young people and recent data has indicated that the youth suicide rate in Ireland is now the second highest (of 26 countries) in the European Union, for 0-19 year olds. Early intervention in youth mental health is increasingly viewed as easier, cheaper and more effective than traditional approaches to care. GPs, as the health care professional most often consulted by young people, have a central role in early detection of youth mental health and substance use problems. However, there is a dearth of evidence regarding the experiences and attitudes of young people and health care workers towards screening and treatment for mental and substance use disorders in primary care in Ireland. The overarching aim of this thesis was to examine the role of primary care (with a particular focus on the role of the GP) in providing early intervention and treatment for mental health and substance use problems in young people. It was a mixed methods study that involved qualitative interviews with health care workers (n=37) and young people (n=20) from primary care, secondary care and community agencies in two of Ireland’s most socio-economically disadvantaged areas...

Saúde mental de crianças e adolescentes vítimas de violência: uma revisão crítica da literatura; Mental health of children and teens victims of violence: a critical review of the literature

Bontempo, Kaíla da Silva; Pereira, Andrea Ruzzi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.06%
Trata-se de uma revisão crítica da literatura que objetivou verificar e analisar a produçãobibliográfica em periódicos brasileiros sobre as consequências da violência na saúde mental decrianças e adolescentes vítimas de violência. Efetuou-se a busca dos artigos publicados entrejaneiro de 2002 e dezembro 2010 nas bases de dados eletrônicas Lilacs e Scielo. Os dados foramdistribuídos e analisados em quatro agrupamentos: artigos pesquisados, a abordagem metodológica,os diversos tipos de violência e seus fatores de risco, e a violência e suas consequências para saúdemental de crianças e adolescentes. Foram encontrados 15 artigos. Obteve-se que maioria dos artigostinha como população alvo adolescentes e que os estudos foram realizados prioritariamente emescolas e serviços de saúde; que as consequências da violência para a saúde mental infanto-juvenilforam abordadas nos artigos conforme o instrumento utilizado por eles para a coleta de dados oude acordo com o comportamento dessa população; que os sintomas mais citados pelos autores sãocomportamento depressivo, ansiedade e condutas anti-sociais. Percebe-se a falta de pesquisas querelatem intervenções realizadas para prevenir ou tratar as consequências da violência para a saúdemental dessa população.; It is about a critical literature review that aimed to identify and analyze bibliographicalproduction in Brazilian journals on the consequences of violence on the children and adolescentsmental health who are victims of violence. It has been performed the search of the articles publishedbetween January 2002 and December 2010 in Scielo and Lilacs electronic databases. Data wereanalyzed and distributed into four groups: the researched articles...