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Expectativa de risco de degradação dos recursos hidricos na bacia do Rio Jundiai Mirim; Water resources degradation risk expectancy upon Jundiai Mirim watershed

Rodrigo Miguel Pereira Batalha
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/02/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.04%
O gerenciamento de recursos hídricos compreende um conjunto de fatores como: análises qualitativas e quantitativas, tomada de decisão, ações preventivas e/ou corretivas. Dentro do contexto da proteção dos recursos hídricos as medidas disciplinadoras do uso do solo na bacia apresentam alta eficiência e eficácia. A qualidade final nos corpos d?água reflete necessariamente as atividades que são desenvolvidas em toda a bacia, cada um dos usos do seu espaço físico produz um efeito específico e característico.Assim, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal realizar uma análise qualitativa dos recursos hídricos da bacia do rio Jundiaí Mirim, esta unidade hidrográfica em estudo está inserida na UGRH5 (rios Piracicaba, Capivari e Jundiaí) e possui uma área de 11750ha, sendo o principal manancial de abastecimento do município de Jundiaí. O método desenvolvido baseou-se em planos de informação do meio físico, do sistema de produção e do procedimento agrícola. O resultado final apresentou a delimitação da expectativa de risco de degradação da bacia do rio Jundiaí Mirim, com enfoque para as áreas de acumulação de água (zona ripária), fundamentais para a manutenção qualitativa e quantitativa dos corpos d?água ao longo da bacia. A estratificação das expectativas de risco de degradação em classes e a divisão da unidade hidrográfica em estudo em áreas menores (sub bacias) são importantes ferramentas para o planejamento e gerenciamento dos recursos hídricos. Verificou-se que a bacia do rio Jundiaí Mirim apresenta 10...

Environmental Flows in Water Resources Policies, Plans, and Projects : Findings and Recommendations

Hirji, Rafik; Davis, Richard
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
The overall goal of the analysis presented in this report is to advance the understanding and integration in operational terms of environmental water allocation into integrated water resources management. The specific objectives of this report are the following: 1) document the changing understanding of environmental flows, by both water resources practitioners and by environmental experts within the Bank and in borrowing countries; 2) draw lessons from experience in implementing environmental flows by the Bank, other international development organizations with experience in this area, and a small number of developed and developing countries; 3) develop an analytical framework to support more effective integration of environmental flow considerations for informing and guiding: (a) the planning, design, and operations decision making of water resources infrastructure projects; (b) the legal, policy, institutional, and capacity development related to environmental flows; and (c) restoration programs; and 4) provide recommendations for improvements in technical guidance to better incorporate environmental flow considerations into the preparation and implementation of lending operations.

Water Resources Sector Strategy : Strategic Directions for World Bank Engagement

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
In 1993 the Board of the World Bank endorsed a Water Resources Management Policy Paper (WRMPP). In that paper, and in this Strategy, water resources management comprises the institutional framework (legal, regulatory and organizational roles), management instruments (regulatory and financial), and the development, maintenance and operation of infrastructure (including water storage structures and conveyance, wastewater treatment, and watershed protection). The 1993 Policy Paper reflected the broad global consensus that was forged during the Rio Earth Summit of 1992. This consensus stated that modern water resources management should be based on three fundamental principles (known as the Dublin Principles). First is the ecological principle which argues that independent management of water by different water-using sectors is not appropriate, that the river basin should be the unit of analysis, that land and water need to be managed together and that much greater attention needs to be paid to the environment. Second is the institutional principle...

Water Resources Management in South Eastern Europe, Volume 1. Issues and Directions

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
This two-volume report seeks to examine key issues and strategic concerns regarding water resources management (WRM) at the national and transboundary levels in the South Eastern Europe (SEE) region, documents the approach adopted by the SEE countries to address their water challenges, identifies ways of strengthening both WRM regimes and international cooperation to optimize resources management, and makes recommendations for future action. Most of the analysis and assessment included in the report is based on the brief Country Water Notes and Country Water Fact Sheets presented in Volume 2. These notes provide a brief description of the socioeconomic and geographical context and development objectives pursued in each country and their implications for water resources management. WRM includes such crosscutting issues, such as river basin management, flood and watershed management monitoring, institutional management, inter-sectoral water allocation, and water quality management. Volume 1 comprises four chapters. Chapter 1 is a description of the water resource base at the regional level. It includes an assessment of past and present trends in water use by sector. Chapter 2 analyzes key water issues in each of the focus countries...

Water Resources Management in South Eastern Europe : Volume 2. Country Water Notes and Water Fact Sheets

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
This two-volume report seeks to examine key issues and strategic concerns regarding water resources management (WRM) at the national and transboundary levels in the South Eastern Europe (SEE) region, documents the approach adopted by the SEE countries to address their water challenges, identifies ways of strengthening both WRM regimes and international cooperation to optimize resources management, and makes recommendations for future action. Most of the analysis and assessment included in the report is based on the brief Country Water Notes and Country Water Fact Sheets presented in Volume 2. These notes provide a brief description of the socioeconomic and geographical context and development objectives pursued in each country and their implications for water resources management. WRM includes such crosscutting issues, such as river basin management, flood and watershed management monitoring, institutional management, inter-sectoral water allocation, and water quality management. Volume 1 comprises four chapters. Chapter 1 is a description of the water resource base at the regional level. It includes an assessment of past and present trends in water use by sector. Chapter 2 analyzes key water issues in each of the focus countries...

Armenia : Towards Integrated Water Resources Management

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
The objective of this paper is to examine the challenges in the water sector faced by Armenia today, and outline options for management and allocation of its water resources in the future, considering the need for a stable, transparent apublic sector management framework and sustainable resource use for long-term private investment and job creation, and for appropriate balances among water uses for domestic, industrial, agriculture, electricity generation, watershed protection, and ecological purposes. The report builds on the recommendations of the Integrated Water Resources Management Planning (IWRMP) Study, which was supported by the World Bank, financed by the Government of Netherlands, and completed in 2001. The report also builds on experience with project implementation to date in water-related sectors. The report suggests that a water management strategy that focuses on rehabilitation and reduction of water losses, and balances for drinking, irrigation, hydropower, and environmental use is likely to have the highest welfare gains. Further...

Environmental Flows in Water Resources Policies, Plans, and Projects : Case Studies

Hirji, Rafik; Davis, Richard
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
The overall goal of this report and the accompanying report summarizing the findings and recommendations, both based on the economic and sector work (ESW), is to advance the understanding and integration in operational terms of environmental water allocation into integrated water resources management. The specific objectives of the reports are the following: 1) document the changing understanding of environmental flows, both by water resources practitioners and by environmental experts within the Bank and in borrowing countries; 2) draw lessons from experience in implementing environmental flows by the Bank, other international development organizations with experience in this area, and a small number of developed and developing countries; 3) develop an analytical framework to support more effective integration of environmental flow considerations for informing and guiding: (a) the planning, design, and operations decision making of water resources infrastructure projects; (b) the legal, policy, institutional...

Strategic Environmental Assessment : Improving Water Resources Governance and Decision Making

Hirji, Rafik; Davis, Richard
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
The overall goal of this report is to assist water resources and environment professionals within the Bank and client countries to use Strategic environmental assessment (SEAs) to effectively implement the principles of Integrated water resources management (IWRM). It (a) delineates environmental issues related IWRM; (b) identifies opportunities for SEAs to addressing these environmental issues; (c) uses the literature and ten Bank and non-Bank case studies to identify procedural and substantive factors and institutional drivers that lead to effective SEAs in the water sector at the policy, strategy, program, and plan levels; (d) reviews four national and state water policies to understand the inclusions of environment; (e) observes the introduction of SEAs in a developing country as an in-depth pilot study to identify practical issues arising from the introduction of SEAs for the water sector; and (f) recommends how the Bank can expand the use of SEAs to improve the integration of environmental issues in water resources investments.

Romania : Integrated Water Resources Rapid Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
The purpose of this report is to assess the climate change impacts on water resources in Romania from an integrated, multi-sectoral perspective, and to recommend priority actions for addressing the identified risks and opportunities. The analysis is presented from an integrated water resources perspective, thereby including all pertinent water-related sectors, viz. municipal water supply and sanitation, industrial water supply, agriculture, energy generation, environment, and disaster management. More details on specific water-related aspects can be found in the companion rapid assessment reports for the energy, urban, and agricultural and rural development sectors. The recommended priority actions are presented in the context of consideration for possible financing under the operational programs funded by the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) in 2014-2020 planning horizon. This analysis is based on the available information on the current status of water resources sector in Romania, along with the existing knowledge on the anticipated impacts of climate change in this sector.

Toward Integrated Water Resources Management in Armenia

Yu, Winston; Cestti, Rita A.; Lee, Ju Young
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
The proper management of water resources plays a key role in the socioeconomic development of Armenia. On average, Armenia has sufficient water resources. Taking into account all available water resources in the country, Armenia has sufficient resources to supply approximately 3,100 cubic meters per capita per year well above the typically cited Falkenmark water stress indicator of 1,700 cubic meters per capita per year. These water resources are not evenly divided in space and time with significant seasonal and annual variability in river runoff. In order to address temporal variations in river runoff, the country has built 87 dams with a total capacity of 1.4 billion cubic meters. Most of these dams are single purpose, mainly for irrigation. Armenia also has considerable groundwater resources, which play an important role in the overall water balance. About 96 percent of the water used for drinking purposes and about 40 percent of water abstracted in the country comes from groundwater. Irrigation remains the largest consumptive user.

Strengthening Analysis for Integrated Water Resources Management in Central Asia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
This report outlines a 3-year program to upgrade the knowledge platform for managing water resources in Central Asia. Its ultimate purpose is to enhance the ability of all countries to engage in evidenced- based dialogue on water and energy management. It focuses on regional actions, linking all five countries plus Afghanistan, but recognizes the essential role of national initiatives. It covers the core elements of a modern decision support system and, based on extensive consultations, supports a change in accessing, developing, and sharing information and analysis. The intended outcomes of the road map are to: (i) establish a knowledge platform that is accepted by countries as a basis for cooperative actions; (ii) enhance capacity and knowledge sharing at the national and regional levels; and (iii) directly improve management of water at national and transboundary scales.

Argentina - Water Resources Management : Policy Elements for Sustainable Development in the 21st Century, Main Report; Argentina - Gestion de los recursos hidricos : elementos de politica para su desarrollo sustentable en el siglo XXI

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
The study reviews the challenges water resources management faces, and the opportunities for policy formulation towards sustainable development in Argentina, where regardless of prudent public finances management, water resources management remain disproportionately backward compared to regional, and international best practices. Hence, within a frame of reference on the country's population, institutions, and legal framework, the study examines the current, accelerated degradation of water quality, where arsenic and nitrate pollution are found in groundwater, a main source of drinking water supply in some rural areas, aggravated by the uncontrolled dumping of raw wastewater in urban areas. The uses, and management of drinking water, and sewage are analyzed, revealing eighty-one percent of urban populations are connected to drinking water networks, and only thirty-eight percent to sewer networks. Upon review of the irrigation sector, which accounts for seventy percent of all extractions of water consumption uses...

Argentina : Water Resources Management Policy Issues and Notes, Volume 3. Thematic Annexes; Argentina - Gestion de los recursos hidricos : elementos de politica para su desarrollo sustentable en el siglo XXI

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
The study reviews the challenges water resources management faces, and the opportunities for policy formulation towards sustainable development in Argentina, where regardless of prudent public finances management, water resources management remain disproportionately backward compared to regional, and international best practices. Hence, within a frame of reference on the country's population, institutions, and legal framework, the study examines the current, accelerated degradation of water quality, where arsenic and nitrate pollution are found in groundwater, a main source of drinking water supply in some rural areas, aggravated by the uncontrolled dumping of raw wastewater in urban areas. The uses, and management of drinking water, and sewage are analyzed, revealing eighty-one percent of urban populations are connected to drinking water networks, and only thirty-eight percent to sewer networks. Upon review of the irrigation sector, which accounts for seventy percent of all extractions of water consumption uses...

China Country Water Resources Partnership Strategy (2013-2020)

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
This report presents the outcome of the World Bank's analytical and advisory work to assess the status of water resources development and the key water issues and challenges facing the country. The Bank has also reviewed its history of cooperation with the Government of China in recent decades, and notes the remarkable achievements China has made in developing the water sector. The report proposes solutions for tackling the enormous challenges facing China in the sector. The central priority is to ensure sustainable utilization and management of water, land and related resources at the national, basin, regional and local levels. Despite relatively poor endowments of land and water by international standards, China's economy has developed extremely rapidly over the last three decades, supporting 21 percent of the world's population with 9 percent of the world's arable land and only 6 percent of the world's water while simultaneously lifting some 400 million people out of poverty. It is noted in the national water resources master plan recently completed by the Ministry of Water Resources (MWR) and the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) that China's water resources are under stress from the combined demands of agriculture...

China : Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
China has very serious water problems despite substantial economic development achievements, strong technical expertise, and political stability. But in terms of its potential and the critical pressing needs for water resources management, China could do much better in managing its water resources. The World Bank's assistance to China in water resources development and management in the past has tended to be reactive and downstream in the project cycle. However, this approach has significantly limited the potential benefits of Bank assistance to China which a more upstream approach, based on a strategic partnership, could provide. The overall strategic objective is to improve water resources management. This strategy paper identifies China's principal water resource challenges, what China is already doing, and how the Bank can assist in the future. The large size of the Bank's water portfolio and the urgency of the problems, demand a strategic framework for the Bank's support to China. In 2002, the Bank and the Chinese Government are cooperating on the evaluation of the last...

Managing Water for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction : A Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy for Zambia

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
The country water resources assistance strategy for Zambia provides an analysis of the role of water in the economy and identifies the specific challenges, development opportunities and policies which inform an agreed framework for priority areas of assistance. Zambia lies entirely within the catchments of the Zambezi and Congo rivers and all internal runoff is shared by downstream and parallel riparian countries. This strategic geographic position in the upper reaches of both these catchments provides an important context for any water resources development. Zambia has played an important role in development of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) revised protocol on shared water courses (2000) and is engaged in the process of developing co-operative mechanisms with riparian states. However, the existing legal framework explicitly excludes any provisions for addressing issues on shared waters in the Zambezi and Luapula rivers, along with that portion of the Luangwa River which constitutes the boundary between Zambia and Mozambique. These account for more than 60 percent of Zambia's water resources. Economic development is undermined by physical scarcity of water. Despite the relative abundance...

Philippines : Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy 2003

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
The Water Resources Sector Strategy (WRSS) supports implementation of the Bank's 1993 Water Resources Management Policy, using the experience updated internationally, with water resources and management. This country Water Resources Assistance Strategy (CWRAS) identifies the Philippines principal water resource challenges, the current situation, how the Bank is assisting at present, and what it should in the future. In summary this strategy can be summarized as follows: 1) Bank assistance should translate the rhetoric of water conservation, and sustainability, into practical-realistic programs, and policies; 2) focus should be on promoting cooperation of local government units (LGUs), and water users themselves, and, on following a "bottom-up and top-down" approach, that includes active participation of water users, in addition to developing infrastructure, and management into water resources projects; 3) water resource management (WRM) initiatives should respect cultural practices, which have evolved to provide sustainable WRM in a micro-watershed context. Indigenous water systems provide clues to how WRM should be rooted in the socio-cultural context; and...

Mozambique Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy : Making Water Work for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
Mozambique's continuous efforts to sustain economic growth and reduce poverty face a number of constraints including its economic and political history, and its geography and climatic conditions. It is widely accepted that future economic growth of the country will continue to rely on its natural resources base and, specifically, on sustainable use of land and water resources. Mozambique has plentiful land and water resources that provide great potential for the production of a variety of crops, livestock development and industrial growth. However, high climate variability resulting in frequent recurrent droughts and floods, limited water resources availability in the most developed southern part of the country, high dependency on international water resources and very limited water management infrastructure result in the economy being highly vulnerable to water shocks and water being a constraint on growth and poverty reduction. The development of Mozambique Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy (CWRAS) was complementary to the Bank Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) process supporting its approach and priorities. It is consistent with the country's development priorities as defined in Second Poverty Reduction Support Strategy (PARPA II) and the sector priorities identified in the national water resources management strategy. The CWRAS' recommendations build upon the Bank's specific strengths vis-a-vis other development donors and...

Bangladesh : Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
Population growth combined with economic growth will increasingly stress water resources and this has the potential to be the dominant environmental and possibly the most important development issue facing Bangladesh in the coming half century. This Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy describes what the Bank can and will do to help improve country-level water management, and, thereby, assist the Government of Bangladesh in choosing water sector activities that the Bank can engage in strategically, that is, activities that are expected to have the most impact on long-term systemic challenges; that fit with the Bank's comparative advantages; and that support Bangladesh's Poverty Reduction Strategy implementation and complement the Bank's Country Assistance Strategy. The report identifies the following portfolio as priorities for World Bank engagement: 1) the institutional framework, including the responsibilities of different actors; and standards for water quality and service provision (especially for the poor), for the environment, for land use management, and for construction and management of infrastructure. 2) the management instruments, including regulatory arrangements; financial instruments; standards and plans; mechanisms for effective participation of stakeholders; and knowledge and information systems that increase transparency...

The World Bank's Assistance for Water Resources Management in China

Varley, Robert C.G.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
China has an ancient tradition of hydraulic engineering but in the past half century the intensity of exploitation of water resources has accelerated as a result of population and economic growth. The three major issues for Chinese water management are water shortages, flood control and pollution. The World Commission on Dams noted that since 1949 the number of large dams in China had increased from 22 to 22,000, almost half the global total. China has over 80,000 reservoirs and 240,000 km of dikes. Most rivers and streams are now used for irrigation, power generation, transport, urban water supply or waste disposal, some for all of these purposes. The main constraints to integration of Water Resource Management, or WRM arise from the interaction of fairly objective needs for new institutions, incentives and procedures, on the one hand, and bureaucratic interests and political resistance to demand management on the other. China s water problems are not unique, involving a balancing act between economic growth and resource depletion...