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EVALUATING VIBRATIONS ON A SMALL-SCALE MODEL OF A TIMBER FOOTBRIDGE

SEGUNDINHO, Pedro Gutemberg de Alcantara; DIAS, Antonio Alves; CARREIRA, Marcelo Rodrigo
Fonte: UNIV BIO-BIO Publicador: UNIV BIO-BIO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
In Brazil, the study of pedestrian-induced vibration on footbridges has been undertaken since the early 1990s, for concrete and steel footbridges. However, there are no recorded studies of this kind for timber footbridges. Brazilian code ABNT NBR 7190 (1997) gives design requirements only for static loads in the case of timber footbridges, without considering the serviceability limit state from pedestrian-induced vibrations. The aim of this work is to perform a theoretical dynamic, numerical and experimental analysis on simply-supported timber footbridges, by using a small-scale model developed from a 24 m span and 2 m width timber footbridge, with two main timber beams. Span and width were scaled down (1:4) to 6 m e 0.5 in, respectively. Among the conclusions reached herein, it is emphasized that the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory is suitable for calculating the vertical and lateral first natural frequencies in simply-supported timber footbridges; however, special attention should be given to the evaluation of lateral bending stiffness, as it leads to conservative values.; CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development - Brazil); CAPES (Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel - Brazil)

A Short Note on Transverse Vibrations of a Shaft Carrying Two (or One) Disk Excited by a Nonideal Motor

FELIX, J. L. Palacios; Balthazar, Jose Manoel; Brasil, Reyolando Manoel Lopes Rebello da Fonseca
Fonte: ASME-AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENG Publicador: ASME-AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
The paper presents a number of numerical simulations of the transverse vibrations of two (or one) imbalanced rotors forced by an electric motor with limited power supply, during the passage through of the two resonance zones (increasing and decreasing input voltages). The predominant presence of the Sommerfeld effect. when the rotational velocity of the motor is captured, in the second resonance frequency is demonstrated. We have shown that the hysteretic jump phenomenon exists in a rotor system with two (or one) disks, and with this, we have shown that a torque is influenced by the dynamical behavior of die rotor [DOI: 10.1115/1.3007979]; CNPq; CNPq Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico; FAPESP[06/59742-2]; FAPESP Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo

Análise dinâmica elasto-plástica de estruturas metálicas sob excitação aleatória de vento. ; Elastic-plastic dynamic analysis of steel structures under random vibrations excited by the wind.

Lazanha, Estevão Carcioffi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/01/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
Este trabalho de pesquisa apresenta um modelo numérico para a análise de estruturas planas sob excitação aleatória induzida pelo vento. O comportamento não-linear da estrutura é considerado adotando-se um modelo constitutivo elasto-plástico para o material, aço estrutural. Os elementos das estruturas estudadas estão sujeitos ao surgimento e desaparecimento de rótulas plásticas, levando a um dimensionamento mais econômico. O conhecimento a respeito de vibrações aleatórias de estruturas lineares encontra-se estabelecido. Por outro lado, poucos resultados encontram-se disponíveis para o caso não linear considerado. Para a simulação de vibrações aleatórias uma análise de Monte Carlo é utilizada. Uma função de densidade espectral de potência das velocidades do vento é usada para gerar um certo número de funções harmônicas de carregamento. Os ângulos de fases destes harmônicos são gerados por um algoritmo pseudo-aleatório. Para cada função de carregamento realiza-se uma integração direta no tempo pelo método de Newmark. A grande quantidade de dados de resposta é tratada estatisticamente de modo a permitir a obtenção de conclusões, a respeito da possibilidade de ocorrência de eventos desfavoráveis...

Estudo das vibrações induzidas por pedestres em passarelas de madeira; Study of pedestrian-induced vibrations on timber footbridges

Segundinho, Pedro Gutemberg de Alcântara
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/05/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
No Brasil, o estudo a respeito das vibrações induzidas por pedestres em passarelas vem sendo realizado a partir do início dos anos 1990, para passarelas de concreto e de aço. No entanto, ainda não há registro de estudos desse tipo e a norma brasileira NBR 7190 (1997) de projeto de estruturas de madeira apresenta somente critérios de dimensionamento para carregamentos estáticos, no caso de passarelas de madeira. Nesse contexto, este trabalho tem como objetivo geral a análise teórica, numérica e experimental de passarelas de madeira simplesmente apoiadas, com vistas a propor recomendações de projeto relacionadas ao conforto humano nessas estruturas. Este estudo foi desenvolvido a partir da análise de diretrizes normativas e critérios sugeridos por diversos autores, da análise teórica de passarelas dimensionadas segundo os critérios da NBR 7190 (1997), de modelos numéricos construídos em elementos finitos e de ensaios experimentais em modelo reduzido. Entre as conclusões alcançadas, destaca-se que a formulação de Euler-Bernoulli é adequada para o cálculo da primeira frequência natural nas direções transversal vertical e transversal horizontal em passarelas de madeira simplesmente apoiadas; entretanto, especial atenção deve ser dada para a avaliação da rigidez à flexão na direção transversal horizontal. Finalmente...

Algoritmo de autoidentificação para o controle autônomo de vibrações em sistemas rotativos; Self-identification algorithm for the autonomous control of vibrations in rotating systems

Buttini, Thiago Malta
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/07/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
Vibrações são intrínsecas às máquinas rotativas e, embora não possam ser completamente eliminadas, devem ser controladas de modo a se evitar fadiga e até mesmo falha da máquina. Neste contexto, devido à sua capacidade de alterar as características dinâmicas destas máquinas, os mancais ativos são uma solução efetiva a fim de se reduzir vibrações em rotores, permitindo não só maior ciclo de vida, mas também aumento de confiabilidade e desempenho. Frequentemente, o projeto do sistema de controle destes mancais baseia-se em um modelo matemático da planta, o qual pode ser de difícil obtenção e, devido à adoção de hipóteses simplificadoras (inerentes ao processo de modelagem), pode ser impreciso. Com base nestes conceitos, propõe-se a utilização de uma técnica de controle do tipo proporcional-derivativa baseada em medições de resposta em frequência (livre de modelos matemáticos) aplicada ao controle de vibrações em sistemas rotativos, contornando dificuldades de modelagem. Esta técnica é testada experimentalmente em uma bancada de testes cujos elementos de atuação são os eletromagnetos de um mancal ativo, e um algoritmo para a identificação automática das FRFs do sistema (algoritmo de autoidentificação) é desenvolvido e implementado...

Redução de vibrações mecânicas em processos de torneamento usando material piezelétrico; Reduction of mechanical vibrations in turning processes by using piezoelectric materials

Cervelin, José Eduardo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/02/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
Vibrações mecânicas oferecem grande limitação para a produtividade, qualidade ou mesmo viabilidade das operações de usinagem, especialmente quando se trata das autoexcitadas (chatter). Neste trabalho, foram desenvolvidas estratégias que tem como objetivo diminuir a intensidade de vibrações em processos de torneamento por meio do acoplamento de material piezelétrico ao suporte de ferramenta em conjunto com uso de shunts resistivo, indutivo e resistivo-indutivo em série ou em paralelo, criando assim estruturas eletromecânicas passivamente amortecidas. Para tanto, foram construídos modelos eletromecânicos de parâmetros distribuídos para mostrar a capacidade que tais estruturas eletromecânicas possuem em oferecer um maior amortecimento quando comparadas com estruturas mecânicas convencionais. Com os modelos construídos, foi possível verificar a influência causada pela espessura da camada de material piezelétrico bem como a influência dos shunts no comportamento da estrutura, sendo constatado que camadas mais espessas aumentam a capacidade de amortecimento da estrutura e que os shunts resistivo-indutivo, tanto em série quanto em paralelo, funcionam como um amortecedor dinâmico de vibrações amortecido e oferecem o melhor desempenho. A seguir...

A Short Note on Transverse Vibrations of a Shaft Carrying Two (or One) Disk Excited by a Nonideal Motor

Felix, J. L. Palacios; Balthazar, José Manoel; Brasil, R. M. L. R. F.
Fonte: Asme-amer Soc Mechanical Eng Publicador: Asme-amer Soc Mechanical Eng
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 6
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 06/59742-2; The paper presents a number of numerical simulations of the transverse vibrations of two (or one) imbalanced rotors forced by an electric motor with limited power supply, during the passage through of the two resonance zones (increasing and decreasing input voltages). The predominant presence of the Sommerfeld effect. when the rotational velocity of the motor is captured, in the second resonance frequency is demonstrated. We have shown that the hysteretic jump phenomenon exists in a rotor system with two (or one) disks, and with this, we have shown that a torque is influenced by the dynamical behavior of die rotor [DOI: 10.1115/1.3007979]

Stochastic field processes in the mathematical modelling of damped transmission line vibrations

Hagedorn, P.; Schmidt, J.; Nascimento, N.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 359-363
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Wind-excited vibrations in the frequency range of 10 to 50 Hz due to vortex shedding often cause fatigue failures in the cables of overhead transmission lines. Damping devices, such as the Stockbridge dampers, have been in use for a long time for supressing these vibrations. The dampers are conveniently modelled by means of their driving point impedance, measured in the lab over the frequency range under consideration. The cables can be modelled as strings with additional small bending stiffness. The main problem in modelling the vibrations does however lay in the aerodynamic forces, which usually are approximated by the forces acting on a rigid cylinder in planar flow. In the present paper, the wind forces are represented by stochastic processes with arbitrary crosscorrelation in space; the case of a Kármán vortex street on a rigid cylinder in planar flow is contained as a limit case in this approach. The authors believe that this new view of the problem may yield useful results, particularly also concerning the reliability of the lines and the probability of fatigue damages. © 1987.

Analysis of vibrations in large flexible hybrid systems

Mul, O.V.; Torres, D.F.M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
The mathematical model of a real flexible elastic system with distributed and discrete parameters is considered. It is a partial differential equation with non-classical boundary conditions. Complexity of the boundary conditions makes it impossible to find exact analytical solutions. To address the problem, we use the asymptotical method of small parameters together with the numerical method of normal fundamental systems of solutions. These methods allow us to investigate vibrations, and a technique for determination of complex eigenvalues of the considered boundary value problem is developed. The conditions, at which vibration processes of different characteristics take place, are defined. The dependence of the vibration frequencies on the physical parameters of the hybrid system is studied. We show that introduction of different feedbacks into the system allows one to control the frequency spectrum, in which excitation of vibrations is possible. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; FCT; SFRH/BPD/14946/2004; CEOC

Computational study of the solid-state vibrations and force field of magnesium and calcium hydroxides

Hase,Yoshiyuki
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
The solid-state vibrations of magnesium and calcium hydroxides have been studied by normal coordinate analysis. Using a simple short-range force field, the calculated frequencies of normal vibrations are in good agreement with the experimentally observed fundamentals. Some fundamental bands have been estimated by calculations. Hartree-Fock frequency calculations on three model clusters suggest that the correlation field splitting of the hydroxyl group stretching vibrations mainly originates in the interlayer interactions.

Evaluation of cutting forces and prediction of chatter vibrations in milling

Lacerda,H. B.; Lima,V. T.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia e Ciências Mecânicas - ABCM Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia e Ciências Mecânicas - ABCM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
The prediction of chatter vibrations between the cutter and workpiece is important as a guidance to the machine tool user for an optimal selection of depth of cut and spindle rotation, resulting in maximum chip removal rate without this undesirable vibration. This can be done by some approaches. In this work, an analytical method is applied in which the time-varying directional dynamic milling forces coefficients are expanded in Fourier series and integrated in the width of cut bound by entry and exit angles. The forces in the contact zone between cutter and workpiece during the cut are evaluated by an algorithm using a mathematical model derived from several experimental tests with a dynamometer located between the workpiece and machine table. The algorithm results depend of the physical properties of the workpiece material and the cutter geometry. The modal parameters of the machine-workpiece-tool system like natural frequencies, damping and residues must also be identified experimentally. At this point, it is possible to plot the stability lobes to this dynamic system. These curves relates the spindle speed with axial depth of cut, separating stable and unstable areas, allowing the selection of cutting parameters resulting maximum productivity...

Irregular vibrations in multi-mass discrete-continuous systems torsionally deformed

Pielorz,A.; Sado,D.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Ciências Mecânicas Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Ciências Mecânicas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
In the paper irregular vibrations of discrete-continuous systems consisting of an arbitrary number rigid bodies connected by shafts torsionally deformed are studied. In the systems a local nonlinearity described by the polynomial of the third degree is introduced. It is assumed that the characteristic of the local nonlinearity is of a hard type. Governing equations are solved using the wave approach leading to equations with a retarded argument. Exemplary numerical calculations are done for the three-mass system. The possibility of occurring of irregular vibrations is discussed on the basis of the Poincaré maps, bifurcations diagrams and the exponents of Lyapunov.

Comparison of the effect of different sleeper typologies and track layout on railway vibrations

Real,J.; Zamorano,C.; Asensio,T.; Montalbán,L.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Ciências Mecânicas Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Ciências Mecânicas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
The last years, ground vibrations have become an important study field due to the increase of the transports needs for society and its amount of running trains associated. The vibrations caused by trains are an important comfort and environmentally problem affecting more people every day. This is an experimental paper which compare the vibrational response of the different sleepers disposed on the line. The section presents different sleepers due to a recent actuation to solve instability phenomena . The vibrations measured on site allow to know better how influent is the different materials on the vibrational behavior of the track.

Vibrations in dynamic driving simulator: Study and implementation

PLOUZEAU, Jérémy; PAILLOT, Damien; AYKENT, Baris; MERIENNE, Frédéric
Fonte: CONFERE 2013 Publicador: CONFERE 2013
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
This paper shows the effect of adding vibrations in a car cabin during driving simulation on driver perception. Actually, current dynamic driving simulators induce the simulator sickness and it still difficult for the driver to project himself in the virtual reality due to a lack of perception. To know the effect of vibrations on a subject, the effect of the whole body vibration must be defined, as the sources of vibration in a car cabin. After determining all the parameters we propose to determine a formula to produce the vibrations in function of the car state, the road and the boundary conditions. Then experimentation with nine subjects is done to define the exact effect of the vibrations and the new perception of the road in the simulation. In order to do these experimentations, three actuators were installed inside the cabin of the car driving simulator from Institut Image – Arts et Metiers ParisTech.

An experimental study of boundary-layer transition induced vibrations on a hydrofoil

DUCOIN, Antoine; ASTOLFI, Jacques Andre; GOBERT, Marie-Laure
Fonte: ELSEVIER Publicador: ELSEVIER
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
This paper aims at characterizing experimentally laminar to turbulent transition induced vibrations. Here, the transition is known to be triggered by a Laminar Separation Bubble that results from a laminar separation of the boundary-layer flow on a hydrofoil. In this study we consider two NACA66312 (Mod) laminar hydrofoils at low angles of incidence (mostly 2° and 4°) and Reynolds numbers ranging from Re=450 000 to 1 200 000, in order to get transitional regimes. The first hydrofoil, made of steel (E=2.1×1011 Pa), is referred to as the rigid hydrofoil, although it is seen to vibrate under the action of the LSB. To better understand the possible interaction between the flow and the foil vibrations, vibration measurements are repeated using a flexible hydrofoil (E=3×109 Pa) of same geometry (under zero loading) and in close configurations. The experiments are carried out at the French Naval Academy Research Institute (IRENav, France). Wall pressure and flow velocity measurements enable a characterization of the laminar separation bubble and the identification of a vortex shedding at a given frequency. It is hence shown that the boundary-layer transition induces important foil vibrations, whose characteristics in terms of frequency and amplitude depend on the vortex shedding frequency...

Singular inextensible limit in the vibrations of post-buckled rods: Analytical derivation and role of boundary conditions

NEUKIRCH, Sébastien; GORIELY, Alain; THOMAS, Olivier
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
In-plane vibrations of an elastic rod clamped at both extremities are studied. The rod is modeled as an extensible planar Kirchhoff elastic rod under large displacements and rotations. Equilibrium configurations and vibrations around these configurations are computed analytically in the incipient post-buckling regime. Of particular interest is the variation of the first mode frequency as the load is increased through the buckling threshold. The loading type is found to have a crucial importance as the first mode frequency is shown to behave singularly in the zero thickness limit in the case of prescribed axial displacement, whereas a regular behavior is found in the case of prescribed axial load.; This publication is based in part upon work supported by Award no. KUK-C1-013-04, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (A.G.). A.G. is a Wolfson/Royal Society Merit Award holder. Support from the Royal Society, through the International Exchanges Scheme (Grant IE120203), is also acknowledged

Identification of mode couplings in nonlinear vibrations of the steelpan

MONTEIL, Mélodie; THOMAS, Olivier; TOUZÉ, Cyril
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
The authors are grateful to Bertrand David (Telecom-ParisTech) for computing the code allowing the STFT filtering procedure used in Section 5.1. The filter has been designed in the framework of the PAFI project (Plateforme d’Aide la facture Instrumentale, www.pafi.fr) which is also thanked.; The vibrations and sounds produced by two notes of a double second steelpan are investigated, the main objective being to quantify the nonlinear energy exchanges occurring between vibration modes that are responsible of the peculiar sound of the instrument. A modal analysis first reveals the particular tuning of the modes and the systematic occurence of degenerate modes, from the second one, this feature being a consequence of the tuning and the mode localization. Forced vibrations experiments are then performed to follow precisely the energy exchange between harmonics of the vibration and thus quantify properly the mode couplings. In particular, it is found that energy exchanges are numerous, resulting in complicated frequency response curves even for very small levels of vibration amplitude. Simple models displaying 1:2:2 and 1:2:4 internal resonance are then fitted to the measurements, allowing to identify the values of the nonlinear quadratic coupling coefficients resulting from the geometric nonlinearity. The identified 1:2:4 model is finally used to recover the time domain variations of an impacted note in normal playing condition...

Finite element reduced order models for nonlinear vibrations of piezoelectric layered beams with applications to NEMS

LAZARUS, Arnaud; THOMAS, Olivier; DEÜ, Jean-François
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
This article presents a finite element reduced order model for the nonlinear vibrations of piezoelectric layered beams with application to NEMS. In this model, the geometrical nonlinearities are taken into account through a von Kármán nonlinear strain–displacement relationship. The originality of the finite element electromechanical formulation is that the system electrical state is fully described by only a couple of variables per piezoelectric patches, namely the electric charge contained in the electrodes and the voltage between the electrodes. Due to the geometrical nonlinearity, the piezoelectric actuation introduces an original parametric excitation term in the equilibrium equation. The reduced-order formulation of the discretized problem is obtained by expanding the mechanical displacement unknown vector onto the short-circuit eigenmode basis. A particular attention is paid to the computation of the unknown nonlinear stiffness coefficients of the reduced-order model. Due to the particular form of the von Kármán nonlinearities, these coefficients are computed exactly, once for a given geometry, by prescribing relevant nodal displacements in nonlinear static solutions settings. Finally, the low-order model is computed with an original purely harmonic-based continuation method. Our numerical tool is then validated by computing the nonlinear vibrations of a mechanically excited homogeneous beam supported at both ends referenced in the literature. The more difficult case of the nonlinear oscillations of a layered nanobridge piezoelectrically actuated is also studied. Interesting vibratory phenomena such as parametric amplification or patch length dependence of the frequency output response are highlighted in order to help in the design of these nanodevices.; This research is part of the NEMSPIEZO project...

Contact of a Finger on Rigid Surfaces and Textiles: Friction Coefficient and Induced Vibrations

FAGIANI, Ramona; MASSI, Francesco; CHATELET, Eric; COSTES, Jean-Philippe; BERTHIER, Yves
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
The tactile information about object surfaces is obtained through perceived contact stresses and frictioninduced vibrations generated by the relative motion between the fingertip and the touched object. The friction forces affect the skin stress-state distribution during surface scanning, while the sliding contact generates vibrations that propagate in the finger skin activating the receptors (mechanoreceptors) and allowing the brain to identify objects and perceive information about their properties. In this article, the friction coefficient between a real human finger and both rigid surfaces and fabrics is retrieved as a function of the contact parameters (load and scanning speed). Then, the analysis of the vibration spectra is carried out to investigate the features of the induced vibrations, measured on the fingernail, as a function of surface textures and contact parameters. While the friction coefficient measurements on rigid surfaces agree with empirical laws found in literature, the behaviour of the friction coefficient when touching a fabric is more complex, and is mainly the function of the textile constructional properties. Results show that frequency spectrum distribution, when touching a rigid surface...

Impact of vibrations on the final characteristics of normal and self-compacting concrete

Juradin,Sandra; Baloević,Goran; Harapin,Alen
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
The quality and durability of normal concrete directly depends on the number and the shape of voids, so, in order to produce durable concrete, it is necessary to reduce the amount of air that is trapped inside the concrete, which is usually done by vibrating the concrete in the mixing stage or the casting stage. Self-compacting concretes are concretes that, in principle, don't require vibrating during casting. Such concretes possess enough compactness and flowability through gravity that during pouring they fill all the space in the formwork. However, it is frequently the case that the ideal self-compacting concrete that is produced in a laboratory cannot be produced on a construction site so such concretes require additional vibrations. The work examines the impact that the introduction of vibrations during mixing and during casting has on the final appearance and the compressive strength of normal and self-compacting concretes. Achieved results confirm that vibrating during the mixing stage can improve the workability of fresh concrete but not its final strength, especially for self-compacting concretes, while vibrating in the casting stage significantly contributes to the final strength of the concrete.