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As patentes nas universidades: análise dos depósitos das universidades públicas paulistas (1995-2006); University patents: analysis of the deposits of paulista public universities (1995-2006)

AMADEI, José Roberto Plácido; TORKOMIAN, Ana Lúcia Vitale
Fonte: IBICT Publicador: IBICT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Este artigo analisou os depósitos das universidades públicas paulistas no Instituto Nacional de Propriedade Industrial (Inpi) no período de 1995-2006, perfazendo 672 registros. Foram consideradas as seguintes: Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Universidade de São Paulo, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Universidade Federal de São Carlos e Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Com os resultados obtidos verificou-se um avanço, mesmo que instável, do número de depósitos de patentes advindas das universidades e o adiantamento da Unicamp em relação às demais na quantidade de patentes depositadas, responsável por 60% do total de registros. Como conclusão vale destacar que o fortalecimento das políticas internas das universidades relacionadas à propriedade industrial acarretará maior índice de proteção das invenções acadêmicas, garantindo os direitos sobre a invenção, incentivando a realização de novas pesquisas e, através de mecanismos efetivos, viabilizando a transferência da tecnologia produzida nas universidades para o setor produtivo.; The present work analyzed the deposits of Paulista public universities with the National Industrial Property Institute (Inpi), in the period 1995-2006, totaling 672 records. The universities taken into account...

As Universidades Corporativas no contexto do Ensino Superior; The Corporate Universities in the context of Higher Education

Alperstedt, Cristiane
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/02/2001 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81%
Este estudo objetivou a identificação das universidades corporativas no contexto do ensino superior, quanto a representação de concorrência potencial ou de oportunidades estratégicas para as instituições de ensino superior. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório de natureza qualitativa, tendo-se adotado o método do estudo de caso, aplicado a múltiplos casos. A coleta e análise dos dados compreendeu três fases. Na primeira fase foi utilizada uma metodologia para análise dos dados secundários denominada grounded theory, que gerou uma teoria que consiste em uma tipologia proposta para as universidades corporativas. Essa teoria estabeleceu os critérios para a definição da amostra. Universidades corporativas americanas e brasileiras foram selecionadas intencionalmente a partir desse critério, tendo sido coletados dados primários a partir de entrevistas semi-estruturadas junto às pessoas-chave dessas instituições, os quais foram analisados mediante o método de análise de conteúdo, correspondendo à segunda fase de coleta e análise dos dados. A perspectiva dos principais órgãos representativos de instituições de ensino superior brasileiras, além de representantes das principais instituições de ensino superior responsáveis pelas áreas de conhecimento mais visadas pelas universidades corporativas para o estabelecimento de parcerias complementou os demais dados coletados...

Technology evaluation and licensing in Portuguese Universities

Rocha, António Miguel de Sousa; Romero, Fernando
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81%
Universities have adopted knowledge valorisation strategies to foster the practical application of research results. Technology transfer offices have been implemented in almost all European universities to evaluate, protect and support the transfer of university’s research outcomes. To this end, technology evaluation and licensing activities have been widely adopted and implemented by technology transfer units, allowing universities and inventors to obtain revenues through the establishment of technology transfer agreements. In order to understand this process, and improve our knowledge on specific practices that support technology transfer activities, we looked at strategies and methods used by seven technology transfer units in Portuguese Universities, and one non-university research institution. The sample was defined according to an intentional non-probabilistic sampling technique, utilizing two main criteria: the dimension and the regional influence of the higher education institution. One of the institutions is an R&D organization that is not part of the higher education system, and the rationale for its inclusion was the purpose of obtaining complementary and comparative information. The main research questions were: what is the degree of selectivity of the TTOs in the protection of inventions? What evaluation methods are used? What are the factors that are behind the licensing agreements? Scoring sheets and semi-structured personnel interviews were used to collect information. The results obtained are analysed...

Marketing communication models in Portuguese Public Universities

Ruão, Teresa
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
Our investigation discusses the use of marketing communication models in Portuguese public universities, since the 1990s. Through the case study of the University of Minho, we have looked for the correlation between organizational strategies and communication formats. The results suggested that the development of a market oriented approach in these institutions increased the emphasis on identity and communication management. Using these empirical findings and other research data, we have reconstructed the history of communication in Portuguese universities, for the past century. From elite communications models, that have characterised the first half of the 20th century, public universities have changed to marketing communication models in the nineties, and then they have followed integrated marketing communication trends in recent years, with the purpose of controlling all messages and channels according its political strategies. Our study has shown how Portuguese public universities have definitely entered the ‘communication business’.

Issues in the Development of Universities - Strategies for Internationalisation

Davies, John L.
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Viseu Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Viseu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1998 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
Universities have always tended to be internationally oriented institutions in terms of research, scholarly activities, and access to the world of knowledge by a wide variety of academics from different disciplines with different needs. However, the considerable expansion of international activities over the last decade is a phenomenon closely linked with financial reduction, the rise of academic entrepreneurialism, as well as, of course, a genuine philosophical commitment to cross cultural perspectives in the advancement and dissemination of knowledge. The principal purpose of this paper is to examine some of the strategic and policy implications of this development. The discussion is based on a conceptual framework of strategic analysis (Davies 1995), drawing on work by Keller (1983), from conclusions derived by the author from R and D and consultancy projects and experience of institutional life. The bulk of the evidence, however, is derived from two major action research projects directed by the author, the first co-sponsored by the Association of European Universities (CRE) and UNESCO (Davies 1997), and the second by CRE and the European Commission (Davies 1998). These projects based on some 40 European universities yield rich evidence of future agendas for the international effort of universities.

Whose Voice Is Present?: An Examination of Power and Privilege in Service-Learning in Ontario Universities

Glenn, Suzanne
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
This research paper examines themes of power and privilege that occur within service-learning as described by 3 Ontario universities on their service-learning websites. Due to size and time restrictions, this paper was able to examine only 3 Ontario universities: Brock, Wilfrid Laurier, and Lakehead. The purpose of this study is geared towards service-learning practitioners in order for the universities and students to become more self-aware of their immense place of privilege within the service-learning context. Qualitative narrative analysis research methods were employed in this purposeful sample to examine how each university’s story of service-learning reflected themes of power and privilege. The research found that each university posed a unique narrative of service-learning representing various stakeholders’ voices and presence in different ways on their website. Brock largely focuses on faculty and student voices. Laurier intentionally attempts to include all three stakeholder voices, although still favours students and the university as an audience over the community. Lakehead’s unique program includes a plethora of voices and intends much of their information for the community members, students, and the university. The implications of this research demonstrate that universities have a large amount of power and privilege...

How Universities Promote Economic Growth

Yusuf, Shahid; Nabeshima, Kaoru
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81%
This study was initiated in 1999 with the objective of identifying the most promising path to development in light of emerging global and regional changes. The purpose of this volume is to examine the role of universities in enhancing technological capability in Asian as well as other industrial countries. This volume also discusses the University-Industry Links (UIL) policies of national governments, corporations and sub national governments. Case studies, policies, strategies and conclusions for Switzerland, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Japan, Thailand, United States, China, Singapore, and India are all individually examined. The volume also covers topics such as knowledge transmission, knowledge production, knowledge sharing, research and development, lessons learned, best practices and innovation initiatives and their roles for economic growth in relation to UIL.

Universities as Drivers of the Urban Economies in Asia : The Case of Vietnam

Ca, Tran Ngoc
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
This study looks at the contribution of the university system in Vietnam to the socioeconomic development in general, and their relationship with firms, dynamic actors of the economy in particular. The study uses different methods of research, from reliance on secondary data to interviews with universities and survey of firms. Several case studies of the key universities in four regions have been undertaken: Hanoi in the north, Danang in the center, and Ho Chi Minh City and Cantho in the south of Vietnam. The findings show that the role of Vietnamese universities in research is much weaker than teaching, and that their contribution to the socioeconomic development of the country is limited to the production of an educated labor force rather than innovation. However, in selected universities, innovation did take place to a certain extent and brought benefits for both the universities and firms they served. This situation is explained by both the inherited university system in Vietnam and its shift in behavior in the context of economic renovation and globalization.

Latin American Universities and the Third Mission : Trends, Challenges and Policy Options

Thorn, Kristian; Soo, Maarja
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Universities in Latin America are increasingly considered instruments of social and economic development and face rising expectations in regard to supplying relevant skills, undertaking applied research, and engaging in commercial activity. The paper discusses trends and challenges within Latin American universities, as well as policy options available for strengthening their contributions to social and economic development. The so-called third mission of universities is often equated with knowledge transfer narrowly defined as licensing and commercialization of research. The paper adopts a broader approach and explores how the new role of universities affects all aspects of academic practice in Latin America, including advanced education and research. It concludes that policymakers and university managers in Latin America face an important challenge of defining a legal framework, sound management procedures, and notably, incentive systems that stimulate outreach and entrepreneurship among students and staff while recognizing and preserving the distinct roles of universities.

Developing an International Commercialisation Ranking for Universities

Ryan, Brittany
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
This report provides an analysis of current international university ranking systems and assessments of university research, in order to ascertain options for Australia to develop an international ranking of university research commercialisation. The paper begins by proving the claim that Australia should develop a research commercialisation ranking system to ensure national productivity growth. It addresses the need for both excellence and innovation in university’s research to drive this growth, and the current role two independent bodies that use panel-based methodologies to assess research case studies from universities. These bodies are Excellence in Research Australia (ERA), which seeks to promote ‘quality’ research in Australian universities, and Excellence in Innovation Australia (EIA), whose recent trial aimed to incentivise the production of ‘innovative’ research. The EIA trial is compared to the to the UK’s Research Evaluation Framework (REF) to determine the viability of implementing some of the latter’s elements in an Australian context. This paper concludes that Australia does not currently have the resources to support a case-study approach that could adequately assess the impacts of innovative research. An alternative to the case study approach...

Colaboración con universidades y desempeño innovador en la industria farmaceútica española (2003-2005); Collaboratlon wlth universities and innovate activity in the Spanish pharmaceutical industry (2003-2005)

D'Este, Pablo; Tribó, Josep A.; García-Romero, Antonio
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.9%
FUNDAMENTO y OBJETIVOS: Se estudia el efecto en la innovación farmacéutica de la cooperación entre universidades y empresas farmacéuticas en España. De modo análogo, se considera el efecto que tiene la universidad como fuente de información para la innovación en medicamentos. MATER IAL Y MeTOOO: Se emplean datos procedentes del panel de innovación tecnológica (PITEC) elaborado a partir de las encuestas de innovación de los años 2003 a 2005. Para un total de 132 empresas, se dispone de información de su actividad innovadora (cuatro indicadores), la cooperación con universidades, así como la utilidad del conocimiento que éstas generan. También se emplean variables de control como el tamaño del gasto en 1+0 o la actividad en biotecnología. R ESULlAOOS: El efecto de la cooperación con universidades es positivo y significativo (p < 0,01). Además se observa un efecto positivo de la 1+0 en biotecnología. De modo similar, el efecto de la universidad como fuente de información para la innovación es igualmente positivo (p < 0,01). CONCLUSIONES: Las empresas farmacéuticas que han cooperado con universidades tienen una mayor probabilidad de solicitar patentes, así como de que éstas les sean concedidas. Además, la proporción de ventas de productos nuevos es sensiblemente mayor en las empresas que han cooperado con universidades que en las que no lo hacen.----------------------------------------------------------------------; BACKGROUND ANO OBJECTIVES: This article examines...

La evaluación de páginas web y recursos electrónicos en la universidad española: situación actual; Web pages and electronic resources assessment in Spanish universities: the current state of the question

Martínez Pestaña, María Jesús
Fonte: Ibersid : Prensas Universitarias de Zaragoza Publicador: Ibersid : Prensas Universitarias de Zaragoza
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em //2013 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Los universitarios españoles utilizan una gran cantidad de información procedente de Internet, así como una gran cantidad de recursos electrónicos. Dados los problemas relacionados con la fiabilidad y calidad de los diferentes recursos y páginas web, es importante comprobar el nivel de penetración de herramientas para la evaluación de este tipo de recursos en las páginas web de las universidades españolas, como es habitual en universidades de habla inglesa. Para ello, se ha creado una base de datos donde se han vertido datos de 80 universidades españolas, de las que 50 son públicas y 30 privadas. Los criterios estudiados han sido: el régimen de la universidad; la presencia clara de servicios de biblioteca; la presencia de herramientas para la evaluación de páginas web y recursos electrónicos; y el idioma de los materiales o guías. Este tipo de herramientas se integran usualmente en la sección Bibliotecas. Por ello, se han usado como fuentes principales, la Red de Bibliotecas Universitarias (REBIUN) y la relación oficial que figura en el Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deportes. Este estudio se ha realizado en las fechas de octubre 2012 y abril 2013. De las 80 universidades, 5 de ellas carecen de servicios de biblioteca...

The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities; Dunya cap?nda universiteler kurman?n zorlugu Le defi d'etablir des universites de rang mondial El desafio de crear universidades de rango mundial

Salmi, Jamil
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
There are many important questions to ask about the widespread push toward world-class status for universities around the world. Why is 'world-class' the standard to which a nation should aspire to build at least a subset of its tertiary education system? Might many countries be better served by developing the most locally relevant system possible, without concern for its relative merits in a global comparison? Is the definition of "world-class" synonymous with "elite Western" and therefore inherently biased against the cultural traditions of tertiary education in non-Western countries? Are only research universities world-class, or can other types of tertiary education institutions (such as teaching universities, polytechnics, community colleges, and open universities) also aspire to be among the best of their kind in an international perspective? To answer these questions, the report starts by constructing an operational definition of a world-class university. It then outlines and analyzes possible strategies and pathways for establishing such universities and identifies the multiple challenges...

A configuração do lazer no espaço das Universidades da Terceira Idade; The configuration of leisure space in the Universities of the Third age

Mineia Carvalho Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/11/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
O grande desafio a que este trabalho se propôs foi o de desvendar o lazer no espaço nstitucional das Universidades da Terceira Idade. Para tal, buscamos verificar qual o conceito de lazer que sustenta suas propostas, os conteúdos culturais de lazer predominantes, os objetivos de suas propostas em relação ao lazer, as atividades de lazer desenvolvidas e o que estão denominando lazer em suas propostas. Enquanto metodologia, o estudo foi realizado mediante a combinação de pesquisa bibliográfica com as pesquisas documental e de campo. A técnica de amostragem utilizada para a seleção das duas Universidades da Terceira Idade, localizadas em Campinas-SP, obedeceu a critérios não-probabilísticos, intencionais, por acessibilidade e concordância. Na pesquisa documental, fizemos uso da análise de conteúdo dos programas das duas instituições que participaram da investigação. Para coleta de dados, utilizei como instrumento a observação assistemática, entrevista semi-estruturada e ficha de informações sociodemográfica. Na busca de compreender como se configura o lazer no espaço institucional das Universidades da Terceira Idade, procurou-se justapor os dados da pesquisa bibliográfica com os da pesquisa documental, da observação e da entrevista. Com a realização deste estudo...

A inovação organizacional em universidades e sua dinamica de interação no sistema nacional de inovação : estudo a partir do caso INOVA - Unicamp; The organizacional innovation in universities and its dynamics of interaction in the national innovational system : a case study on INOVA - Unicamp

Rodrigo Guerra Moura e Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/08/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
No cenário da atual sociedade pós-industrial, o conhecimento se tornou recurso chave para base institucional da economia. Capacitar-se para seu melhor uso se tornou estratégico à sua transformação em bens de capital. Verifica-se que saber usá-lo é saber interagir com diferentes atores de um sistema complexo voltado fortemente à inovação tecnológica. Inovar tornou-se a engrenagem deste sistema, tida como base econômica desta sociedade do conhecimento. As universidades foram e são instituições historicamente envolvidas com este ativo econômico, o conhecimento. Por este motivo, sempre estiveram direta ou indiretamente envolvidas neste processo. Destaca-se, no entanto, nas últimas décadas, uma intensificação de sua ação na eficácia da transformação do conhecimento produzido ou capaz de produzir em um fomento preponderante à inovação. O sistema de inovação eficaz é cada vez mais dependente deste ator, a universidade. Observa-se uma alteração no perfil de envolvimento das universidades em temas que, a princípio, fogem da tríade que compõe seu papel primordial: o ensino, a pesquisa e a extensão, sendo este processo chamado de segunda revolução acadêmica. Fenômeno que já se encontra fortemente marcado em países centrais. Por outro lado...

Evaluation of EPA’s “colleges and universities sector program” at three universities in New York State

Martinez, Magaly Montenegro
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
The topic to be investigated in this thesis is the impact of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) Colleges and Universities Sector Program on three universities located in New York State. The parameters to be analyzed are the changes in the way environmental issues have been approached using tools and incentives provided by the EPA Colleges and Universities Sector Program, drivers that motivate the colleges to achieve environmental management through compliance with environmental laws and regulations, and obstacles that stand in the way of compliance. This research is based primarily on a survey conducted in three universities participating in this program. The findings and conclusions yielded by this investigation concerning the impact of the EPA Program on the three universities indicate that colleges and universities are putting a great effort into compliance and are using the tools provided by the Program, such as participation in various voluntary programs, compliance guidance, Environmental Management Systems (EMS), and Best Management Practice (BMP) benchmarking information. This study has found that the three universities have started developing compliance programs, audit programs, and EMSs at their campuses. Finally...

Universities as knowledge producers for economic development: how is Brazil allocating resources in the production of new relevant knowledge for innovation?

Chiarini, Tulio; UNIFEI; Vieira, Karina Pereira; UFMG
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/11/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
Universities have broadly similar functions in the innovation systems of most industrial and industrializing countries; however the relevance of their role alters substantially. In Brazil, universities are the most important knowledge producers. Departing from the evidence that they do not form a homogeneous group (which is corroborated using the T-Theil index of inequality), a possible classification is then suggested: ‘leader universities’, ‘threshold universities’ and ‘unveiling universities,’ which are in turn divided into two different subclasses: ‘catching-up universities’ and ‘embryonic universities’. This paper demonstrates that even though the largest allocation on financial resources goes to ‘hard sciences’, there is a large allocation of human resources within humanities, applied social sciences and linguistics, arts and literature (soft sciences). This distortion in the distribution of researchers with a relative high concentration in humanities and applied social science may directly affect the countries innovation capacity. Brazil may not be producing the quantity of pertinent human resources expected to compete in the world’s technological advanced markets.

Implementing the translation and interpreting service of libras-portuguese in federal universities; A implementação do serviço de tradução e interpretação de libras-português nas universidades federais

Santos, Silvana Aguiar dos; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Pesquisa Empírica de Campo; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/10/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.77%
This article describes important elements of the operationalization of sign language translation and interpretation services in southern Brazil federal universities. Using as reference some authors of the disciplinary field of Translation Studies, such as Ozolins (2010), Baker and Saldanha (2009), Baker (2006), and Tymoczko (2007), this article discusses issues that involve community interpreting, its challenges and perspectives of implementation in the scope of public service in Brazil.  The methodological orientation follows the qualitative approach with focus on descriptive research. Therefore, a survey was carried out to analyze the situation of Brazilian Sign Language-Portuguese translators and interpreters who are regular civil servants and work at the federal universities of Brazilian southern states. The guiding questions for that matter are the following ones: who are the translators and interpreters of Brazilian sign language in southern Brazil? Which is the level of education of those professionals? The results registered 76 regular servants in the universities investigated, most of which have an undergraduate degree or specialization. Fewer of them have master's and doctoral degrees. Other results include their distribution by state and by university...

The presence of innovation in the institutional development plans of public universities in Paraná – Brazil; A presença da inovação nos Planos de Desenvolvimento Institucional das universidades públicas paranaenses

Silva, Elizandra da; Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná - Unioeste; Segatto, Andréa Paula; Universidade Federal do Paraná
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/02/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81%
This research aims to analyze the presence of innovation in the Institutional Development Plans of public universities in Paraná, Brazil, analyzing how it happens and which work area focuses. It is an exploratory study and applied the qualitative research method of Content Analysis, which analyzed the original texts of Institutional Development Plans from all of the seven public universities (federal and state levels), collected from July to August/2010. The results identified the presence of innovation in six of the seven analyzed plans, with a large difference between federal and state universities. The federal universities present a bigger concern with innovation, while in the state ones, this subject was almost inexistent. The innovation appears mostly related with the areas of teaching and research, while in the university extension and internal process management it is less mentioned. One concludes that the innovation is not yet a widely present subject in the Paraná’s public universities planning.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1983-4535.2015v8n1p193Este estudo teve por objetivo analisar a presença da inovação nos Planos de Desenvolvimento Institucional (PDI´s) das universidades públicas paranaenses, investigando como ocorre esta inserção e quais áreas de atuação da universidade enfoca. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório utilizando o método qualitativo de Análise de Conteúdo...

Mother tongue as the medium of instruction at developing country universities in a global context

Nyika,Aceme
Fonte: South African Journal of Science Publicador: South African Journal of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
One of the factors attributed to poor performance of some indigenous students at universities in developing countries is the use of a second language - mainly English and to some extent French - as the language of instruction at the universities. Consequently, policymakers in some developing countries have introduced, or are debating the idea of introducing, local vernacular languages as the official languages of instruction at their respective universities. Indeed, learning the official language of instruction as a second language is an additional hurdle, which to some extent hinders some students from performing well in their university studies. Thus students whose mother tongue is used as the language of instruction at their universities have an advantage over students whose mother tongue is not the language of instruction at their universities. Policies regarding the medium of instruction at universities have a range of short-term and long-term implications, some of which may be easily overlooked yet they may have far reaching repercussions for current and future generations. In this paper, a repertoire of pertinent issues surrounding the use of vernacular languages at universities is explored. These issues include performance of students...