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Ficção e realidade: as tramas discursivas dos programas de TV; Ficção e realidade: as tramas discursivas dos programas de TV

Borges, Rosane da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/04/2008 PT
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O trabalho tem como propósito refletir sobre ficção e realidade na TV brasileira. Parte do princípio de que os programas do veículo, tradicionalmente definidos e classificados pelos formatos e gêneros, não podem ser diferenciados por critérios de irrealidade e realidade, pois ambos possuem uma base fictícia, ou seja, são fabricações, realidades discursivas. Postula, assim, uma abertura de fronteiras entre os formatos televisivos. O telejornalismo, que se constrói com base em indícios seguros e inequívocos, passa a exigir outras ferramentas de análise. Para tornar viáveis essas articulações, a tese busca subsídios teóricometodológicos nas ciências da linguagem. A filiação teórica a esse campo é motivada pelo fato de que os problemas visados no terreno do estudo das mídias são, por definição, questões de linguagem (concebida não como instrumento de comunicação, mas como instituinte do humano). Desse modo, resulta difícil subtrair do debate tópicos como sujeito, discurso, narrativa temas que foram explorados com acuidade por disciplinas que compõem a ciência dos significantes. A inscrição nesse campo de estudo exige, invariavelmente, que se interpele as teorias da comunicação quanto à sua renúncia em participar das discussões fundantes...

Social Influence in Televised Election Debates: A Potential Distortion of Democracy

Davis, Colin J.; Bowers, Jeffrey S.; Memon, Amina
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/03/2011 EN
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A recent innovation in televised election debates is a continuous response measure (commonly referred to as the “worm”) that allows viewers to track the response of a sample of undecided voters in real-time. A potential danger of presenting such data is that it may prevent people from making independent evaluations. We report an experiment with 150 participants in which we manipulated the worm and superimposed it on a live broadcast of a UK election debate. The majority of viewers were unaware that the worm had been manipulated, and yet we were able to influence their perception of who won the debate, their choice of preferred prime minister, and their voting intentions. We argue that there is an urgent need to reconsider the simultaneous broadcast of average response data with televised election debates.


Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
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This study explores the long-neglected impact of a candidate being perceived as the “winner” of political debates on individual voting behaviour in West Germany. While there has been much research on the effects of debates on perceptions of candidate policy stands and personality atttributes, there has been little work that attempts to guage how much “winning” the debate helps a candidate at the polls. I investigate this process with straightforward probit models of the vote choice, including party identification and candiate evaluation as well as whether the individual judged a particular candidate as the “winner”, or “fared best” in the debate. These models are run for the 1972, 1976, 1980, and 1983 elections in West Germany. The results show that there is a consistent impact of “winning” the debate on individual voting choices in West Germany; controlling for party and other factors, there is a significantly higher probability of voting for the party of the politician the respondent feels won the contest. Debates, then, do ultimately make a substabtial electoral difference.

Participation Verite: Lessons from Australian new media democracy 2007-08

Griffiths, O.
Fonte: Academic Publishing Ltd; UK Publicador: Academic Publishing Ltd; UK
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2008 EN
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Australian citizens have had significant formal and informal opportunities to participate in governing Australia over the 2007-2008 period: by taking part in the preelection period of political debate and then voting in a Labor government after 11 years of conservatism; by being included in the televised and bipartisan Parliamentary Apology motion offered to indigenous Australians; and by deciding whether to submit an application to attend the April 2020 Summit on Australia’s future. In all cases, new media played an official and unofficial part in distributing information widely and in speeding up information flows and response times, thus increasing public transparency, accountability and interactivity. Over the short period studied, the paper argues, government and political parties - whilst attempting to exploit the digital literacies formed by citizens’ practice in social media and networking – did not always make appropriate calculations about the transformative power of new media. Analysis of the choices made by promoters of selected events, and by remediators, reveals several lessons about the democratic potential and the risks experienced when moving (sometimes involuntarily) into the interactive spaces of Web 2.0.; http://www.academic-conferences.org/eceg/eceg2008/eceg08-proceedings.htm

Or??genes e inicios de los estudios culturales

Urteaga, Eguzki
Fonte: Pedro G??mez Publicador: Pedro G??mez
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Desde los a??os 1960, los cultural studies han puesto en el orden del d??a toda una serie de cuestiones: ??De qu?? manera el entorno social, la edad, el g??nero o la identidad ??tnica afectan la relaci??n que mantienen las personas con la cultura? ??C??mo comprender la recepci??n de los programas televisados por los diferentes p??blicos? ??Los estilos de vida de los j??venes constituyen unas formas de resistencia? Desde entonces han renovado el debate tanto acad??mico como social sobre las relaciones entre la cultura y la sociedad. Conceden a los medios de comunicaci??n y a las vivencias de las clases populares una atenci??n hasta entonces reservada a la cultura de los letrados. Rechazando las fronteras entre las disciplinas acad??micas, cuestionan lo que est?? en juego pol??ticamente en la cultura. Este art??culo propone analizar m??s precisamente los or??genes y los inicios de los estudios culturales, que se articulan alrededor de figuras, de centros y de universidades determinadas.; From the 1960???s, cultural studies have put on the agenda a series of questions: In what way does the social environment, the age, gender or ethnic identity affect the relation that the persons have with their culture? How do we understand the reception of the televised programs by the different publics? Do the lifestyles of the young people constitute new forms of resistance? Since then...

The great debate: how did the televised leaders' debate affect voters' opinions? A study of voter rationality, the Australian Federal Election in 2004

Kobayashi, Memiko
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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Televised leaders' debates have been recognised as an important part of the election campaign process since the first US televised presidential debate took place in 1960. Since then, they have played a significant role in the election process in different countries, because they give voters a chance to compare each candidate's attitude toward the same issues at the same time. On the evening of Sunday 12 September 2004, the fifth Australian televised debate between Prime Minister John Howard and opposition leader Mark Latham was broadcast on the Nine Network. It began with moderator's opening address 'it 's your choice, your decision on who will govern Australia- John Howard or Mark Latham? To help you make that decision, 60 Minutes brings the two leaders together for their only face-to-face encounter as they debate live and uninterrupted by commercials ... ' But did the Great Debate really help audience make the decision which leader they want to vote for? How did the debate affect people's opinions about national issues, the leaders' images and their policies? This research paper focuses on the impact of the 2004 Great Debate, by examining the data collected by ANU Internet Opinion Polls which were conducted in 2004 for a month before the general election. The study investigates four key dependent variables...

In the nation's interest

Robinson, Mark Edward
Fonte: Florianópolis, SC Publicador: Florianópolis, SC
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras/Inglês e Literatura Correspondente.; Months of intense political campaigning in U.S. general election years culminate in a series of live, televised debates between the major contenders for the presidency which are produced to both inform and entertain consumers in the private domain. However, scant attention has been paid to analysis of the texts which are generated by these discursive events utilizing the approaches to media discourse advanced over the past two decades by systemic linguistics and critical discourse analysts in Europe, Australia and South America. In this contrastive analysis, the four U.S. Presidential Debates which premiered in 1960 are compared to the three debates of the most recent series of 2000 with the dual objectives of investigating how genres and discourses are drawn upon, and how shifting language and discursive practices in the media could serve as indicators of social and cultural change in the U.S. since the advent of these institutionalized events. Transcripts of the two debate series were downloaded from the home page of the Commission on Presidential Debates and a 30...

Media discourse and the public sphere

Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo - PUC-SP Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo - PUC-SP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2005 EN
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In this paper, I am attempting to throw into relief significant aspects of the function of television debate as a public sphere. My working assumption is that public dialogue, including its televised versions, involves primarily the establishment of a meaning horizon which delimits what is to be said and known, and which authorises as true certain meanings and knowledges at the expense of others. Put differently, there is a 'politics of truth' at play in every mediated debate which is central in the constitution of the debate as a public sphere. It is precisely this politics that I want to examine in this article. Using empirical material from a prime-time debate programme in Danish television, which is concerned with the right to privacy of public personalities, I analyse the forms of interactional control and dialogic organisation employed in the debate, so as to address the following questions: What are the communicative practices which confer upon the television debate genre the legitimacy of public debate? Which are the principles by which communication is regulated? Which are the domains of meaning construed by this regulation? And which is the potential for democratic deliberation released in these domains?

Debate presidencial: as estratégias de Lula e Alckmin na TV Bandeirantes; Presidential debates: Lula and Alckmin’s strategies on TV Bandeirantes

Fernandes Veiga, Luciana; Universidade Federal do Paraná; Rosário de Souza, Nelson; Universidade Federal do Paraná; Avi dos Santos, Sandra; Universidade Federal do Paraná
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2008 POR
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Os debates presidenciais são muito importantes e contam com alta visibilidade em campanhas eleitorais, entretanto, não têm despertado a atenção dos pesquisadores no Brasil. Este artigo analisa um debate presidencial de TV na disputa entre Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva e Geraldo Alckmin, em 2006. A partir de uma análise de conteúdo, busca-se responder às perguntas: 1) Existiu diferença de estratégia entre os candidatos? 2) Que tipos de estratégias foram mais usados pelo candidato mandatário Lula e pelo candidato desafiante? 3) Como os discursos dos candidatos foram estruturados? O ensaio deve ser visto ainda como um esforço metodológico, a fim de introduzir a questão na agenda de pesquisa em Comunicação e Política no país. Os resultados revelaram que o ataque foi a estratégia mais utilizada pelos dois candidatos. O candidato mandatário Lula atacava predominantemente o grupo político de Alckmin que, por sua vez, mirava o ataque no governo de Lula. Em sua defesa, Lula argumentava sobre suas realizações nas áreas econômica e social, e ainda atacava o governo Fernando Henrique. Já Geraldo Alckmin argumentou apenas sobre seu governo em São Paulo, não defendendo o seu grupo político.; Presidential debates are extremely important and enjoy high visibility within electoral campaigns. Nonetheless...

First election tv debate – domestic affairs: Nick Clegg for prime minister…well, hang on.

Gilson, Christopher
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/04/2010 EN; EN
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If the last few weeks of campaign coverage have been anything to go by, would anyone have predicted that Nick Clegg would be the new political darling on the morning after the first televised election debate? Four polls show Clegg to have been the viewing public’s clear winner last night, with stunningly high averages over the other two leaders, even in the most conservatively estimated poll done for Sky News.