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Gravidez na adolescência e características socioeconômicas dos municípios do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil: análise espacial; Teenage pregnancy rates and socioeconomic characteristics of municipalities in São Paulo State, Southeast Brazil: a spatial analysis

MARTINEZ, Edson Zangiacomi; ROZA, Daiane Leite da; CACCIA-BAVA, Maria do Carmo Gullaci Guimarães; ACHCAR, Jorge Alberto; DAL-FABBRO, Amaury Lelis
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.76%
A gravidez na adolescência é um problema de saúde pública comum em todo o mundo. O objetivo deste estudo ecológico é estudar o padrão espacial da associação entre os percentuais de gravidez na adolescência e características socioeconômicas dos municípios do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Para isso, foi utilizado um modelo bayesiano com uma distribuição espacial que segue uma estrutura condicional autorregressiva (CAR), baseado em algoritmos Monte Carlo em cadeias de Markov (MCMC). Foram usados dados do Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos (SINASC) e do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Verificou-se que a ocorrência de gravidezes precoces apresentou-se maior nos municípios de menor produto interno bruto (PIB) per capita, com maior incidência de pobreza, de menor tamanho populacional, menor índice de desenvolvimento humano (IDH) e maior percentual de indivíduos com índice paulista de vulnerabilidade social (IPVS) igual a 5 ou 6, ou seja, mais vulneráveis. O estudo demonstra uma estreita associação entre gravidez na adolescência e indicadores econômicos e sociais.; Teenage pregnancy is a common public health problem worldwide. The objective of this ecological study was to investigate the spatial association between teenage pregnancy rates and socioeconomic characteristics of municipalities in São Paulo State...

Gestação na adolescência: vulnerabilidades e rede de proteção em São Carlos (SP); Pregnancy in adolescence: vulnerabilities and protection network in São Carlos

Feliciano, Rosiane de Araujo Ferreira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/11/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.84%
A gestação na adolescência (GA) ganha visibilidade e status de problema de saúde com o aumento de sua incidência em todo mundo, desde o início da década de 1970, período que ocorre uma queda na fecundidade nas demais faixas etárias. Estudos relacionam a GA à gravidez indesejada, maiores riscos materno-infantis e sociais. Em São Carlos, no decênio de 1998 a 2008 a taxa de GA diminuiu ao longo dos anos, porém o filho da adolescente ainda apresenta maior risco de morte no primeiro ano de vida. Tendo como pressupostos a pluralidade da adolescência e a determinação social do processo saúde-doença, o objetivo do estudo foi analisar as condições sociais e os indicadores de saúde da população feminina de São Carlos na perspectiva da vulnerabilidade, com ênfase na territorialização das disparidades intra-urbanas da gestação na adolescência e no potencial de enfrentamento das ações, programas e projetos desenvolvidos pelo Estado. A vulnerabilidade aqui é entendida como indicador de iniquidade e desigualdade social. O referencial teórico adotado Fo o de vulnerabilidade proposto pro Ayres et al. (2003), que distingue três dimensões interdependentes: a individual, a social e a programática. Trata-se de estudo de caso...

Maternidade na adolescência: o apoio social da família para o cuidado materno e autocuidado na perspectiva das adolescentes; Teenage motherhood: the familiar social support to the maternal health care and self care from the teenagers´ perspective

Laudade, Lígia Gonzaga Ramos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.75%
A gravidez na adolescência é uma importante temática em saúde pública por relacionar-se à saúde sexual e reprodutiva das adolescentes, exigindo que a jovem mãe adquira responsabilidade e habilidades para o cuidado materno e o autocuidado. Apresenta-se como um momento difícil, pois requer reestruturação pessoal e social, sendo o apoio familiar fundamental para a superação das adversidades, permitindo que a mãe adolescente possa ser a protagonista de sua história. O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar o apoio social no contexto da família, considerando o perfil estrutural e funcional da família de puérperas adolescentes frente à maternidade, especificamente no cuidado materno e no autocuidado no puerpério. Utiliza-se a abordagem quantitativa para análise da rede social, segundo o Modelo de Escolta Social. Para compreender o significado das vivências da maternidade pelas adolescentes e o apoio social recebido para o cuidado materno e autocuidado, utiliza-se a abordagem qualitativa. Foram realizadas entrevistas com puérperas adolescentes, analisadas por meio da técnica de análise e interpretação de sentidos, sobre a perspectiva teórica do apoio social. A maioria das adolescentes era primípara...

School trajectory and teenage pregnancy in three Brazilian state capitals

Almeida,Maria da Conceição C.; Aquino,Estela M. L.; Barros,Antoniel Pinheiro de
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.84%
This paper describes the relationship between school trajectory and incidence of teenage pregnancy. A cross-sectional residence-based questionnaire was applied, interviewing 4,634 youth ages 18 to 24 years, selected through a stratified three-stage sample. For the present study, young people ages 20 to 24 years (65.6%) were chosen, with teenage pregnancy rates of 29.5% for females and 21.4% for males (in relation to their partners). Sexual debut was reported by 87% of women and 95.3% of men. The majority of young people reported irregular school trajectory, with 39% enrolled in school at the time of the study. Nearly half of those who had interrupted their studies at least once reported a teenage pregnancy. The main reasons for interrupting their studies were pregnancy and children for women and work for men. School dropout due to teenage pregnancy was mentioned by 40.1% of women for whom the outcome of pregnancy was a child. However, 20.5% had already dropped out of school before becoming pregnant.

Major depressive disorder during teenage pregnancy: socio-demographic, obstetric and psychosocial correlates

Coelho,Fábio Monteiro da Cunha; Pinheiro,Ricardo Tavares; Silva,Ricardo Azevedo; Quevedo,Luciana de Ávila; Souza,Luciano Dias de Mattos; Castelli,Rochele Dias; Matos,Mariana Bonati de; Pinheiro,Karen Amaral Tavares
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.66%
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) during pregnancy in teenage mothers and to assess its association with socio-demographic characteristics, obstetric history and psychosocial variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of pregnant teenagers enrolled in the national public health system in the urban area of Pelotas, southern Brazil. MDD was assessed with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, the Abuse Assessment Screen was used to identify physical abuse within the last 12 months and during pregnancy, and social support was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Survey Social Support Scale. RESULTS: Forty-three (4.94%) potential subjects refused to participate, resulting in 828 total participants. The prevalence of MDD was 17.8%, 9.2% reported they had been subjected to violence within the last 12 months, while 5.8% had suffered violence during pregnancy, and the mean (SD) overall social support score was 87.40 (11.75). After adjustment, we found the highest incidence of MDD in adolescents with less than 8 years of education, followed by those with previous episodes of MDD and those with lower overall social support. CONCLUSIONS: MDD is a relatively common condition in pregnant teenagers and appears to be more prevalent in young mothers who are both socioeconomically and psychosocially underprivileged.

As representa????es sociais da evas??o escolar para m??es adolescentes: contribui????o para a enfermagem; As representa????es sociais da evas??o escolar para m??es adolescentes: contribui????o para a enfermagem; Social representations of school evasion for teenage mothers: contribution to nursing; Social representations of school evasion for teenage mothers: contribution to nursing

PADILHA, Maria Ang??lica Silveira
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Enfermagem e Obstetr??cia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Enfermagem; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Enfermagem e Obstetr??cia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Enfermagem; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.91%
Adolescence is the period between childhood and maturity with biological, psychological and sexual changes, which is a remarkable time in the life of a person. Maternity becomes more complex when associated to adolescence, for besides dealing with the doubts and conflicts of this age, the young girl still needs to face the impact of a pregnancy that may be meaningful for her. A teenager s life is influenced by the environment and education may play a fundamental role in social inclusion. This study aimed at understanding the social representations of pregnancy and school evasion for the teenage mother. It is a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive approach, which uses the Social Representation Theory as reference. The subjects of the study were five teenage mothers, who participated in focus groups in October 2010, at a Teaching Hospital in Pelotas-RS. The data were subjected to thematic analysis and the results showed that the teenage mothers attended public schools in the urban area; came from low-income families; had relatives with low education and during their school life had failed one or two years; suffered grade/age distortion and had evaded school due to pregnancy; did not have a professional occupation. The study also revealed that teenage mothers probably evade school because the school professionals are not prepared to deal with the symptoms of pregnancy - the girls claimed that the changes in their biological functions made it difficult to stay in school. It is also important to review the matter of genre...

Youth Risk-Taking Behavior in Brazil : Drug Use and Teenage Pregnancy

Cardoso, Ana Rute; Verner, Dorte
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.82%
Using an extensive survey that addresses risk factors faced by the population in the shantytowns (favelas) of Fortaleza, Brazil, the aim of this paper is to study risk-taking behavior by youth, focusing on drug use and teenage pregnancy. The paper analyzes the impact of factors such as exposure to mass media, the existence of support networks, self-esteem, and the occurrence of violence at home and in the neighborhood, on the probability of risk-taking behavior. A bivariate probit model is estimated. The findings indicate that reliance on support networks and exposure to mass media are associated with a lower probability of either type of risk behavior. Living in a violent home increases drug consumption. Race does not have a significant impact on either type of behavior.

Is the Baby to Blame? An Inquiry into the Consequences of Early Childbearing

Azevedo, Joao Pedro; Lopez-Calva, Luis F.; Perova, Elizaveta
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.89%
Teenage pregnancy has been a cause of concern for policy makers because it is associated with a complex and often adverse social context for women. It is seen as the cause of lower social and economic achievement for mothers and their children, and as the potential determinant of inter-generational poverty traps. However, the question of whether pregnancy -- and the subsequent rearing of a child -- is actually the trigger of poverty, higher dependence on social welfare and/ or other undesirable social and economic consequences has not been studied in developing countries with enough rigor to establish a causal relation. This paper follows a methodology previously applied in the United States, using Mexican data from the National Survey of Demographic Dynamics, to exploit information about miscarriages as an instrument to identify the long-term consequences of early child bearing. Thus, the paper takes the advantage of a natural experiment: it compares the outcomes of women who became pregnant in adolescence, and gave birth, to outcomes of women who became pregnant in adolescence and miscarried. This approach only allows for estimating the costs of adolescent childbearing for teenagers in a risk group, that is, teenagers who are likely to experience a pregnancy. The results are consistent with findings in the United States...

Teenage Pregnancy and Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean : On Teenage Fertility Decisions, Poverty and Economic Achievement

Azevedo, Joao Pedro; Favara, Marta; Haddock, Sarah E.; Lopez-Calva, Luis F.; Muller, Miriam; Perova, Elizaveta
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.01%
The pregnancy project sought to expose the existence, and challenge the validity, of stereotypes about Hispanic women. The charade explored the underlying motivations of the many who responded with a wide range of reactions. The specific objectives of this regional study are: to establish a thorough description of the magnitude of the issue and its potential implications for social advancement; to advance the understanding of the risk factors, motivations and impacts at the household level-as a determinant of poverty and a cause of intra-and intergenerational poverty traps; to illuminate the coping mechanisms and their individual and social implications; to highlight the gender-related issues that have historically provoked asymmetric costs to boys and girls; and to provide elements that support specific policies on this matter. In the last decade, Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have been moving in the right direction and the region has experienced important gains in gender equality of endowments (assets) and economic opportunities. In most LAC countries...

Enhancing Youth Skills and Economic Opportunities to Reduce Teenage Pregnancy in Colombia

Gimenez, Lea; Van Wie, Sara Hause; Muller, Miriam; Schutte, Rebecca; Rounseville, Megan Zella; Viveros Mendoza, Martha Celmira
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
67%
The Government of Colombia (GoC) has identified teenage pregnancy as a priority issue. The current strategic framework to address teenage pregnancy in Colombia is outlined in the CONPES 147, effective from February 2012 until March 2014. The CONPES 147 establishes a multi-sectoral framework that aims to address the determining factors of teenage pregnancy within Colombia (Box 1). The national strategy outlined in the CONPES 147 was piloted in 192 municipalities for youth ages 10 through 19. Building on this strategy, the Commission for the Guarantee of Sexual and Reproductive Rights is developing a new framework to guide the government’s policy and activities to address this important policy issue in the coming years. Parallel to its work on teenage pregnancy, the GoC released a national strategic framework to generate opportunities for Colombian youth in July 2014. The note includes an overview of the WDR 2012 gender equality framework and World Bank regional study on teenage pregnancy; outlines the Colombian country context with regard to gender equality and youth labor market outcomes; reviews interventions that develop life skills; and highlights how these interventions might be relevant to the GoC policies and programs related to teenage pregnancy prevention (CONPES 147) and youth labor (CONPES 173).

Motherhood or abortion: pregnancy resolution decisions of Australian teenagers

Evans, Ann
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.77%
Australia has a lower teenage fertility rate than other industrialised English-speaking countries. However, with over 11,000 births and 12,000 abortions to teenagers each year, the resolution of teenage pregnancy is an issue faced by many young Australian women. ¶ This research seeks to explore the factors that discriminate between those who terminate and those who continue a teenage pregnancy. To achieve this aim a survey was conducted on young ever-pregnant women throughout New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. The survey sought information on young women’s characteristics on three different levels: individual; institutional; and societal or cultural. ¶ The findings suggest that, at each of the three levels proposed, there are factors that discriminate between young women who choose abortion and those who choose motherhood. At the individual level, attitudes to abortion and career aspirations were found to affect pregnancy resolution. At the institutional level factors relating to education, family, relationships and religion were found to discriminate between the two groups. Finally, at the cultural level, ethnicity and area of residence were found to be associated with pregnancy resolution, in addition to modifying the effect of characteristics at other levels.; yes

On the design of education conditional cash transfer programs and non education outcomes: the case of teenage pregnancy

Cortés, Darwin; Gallego, Juan; Maldonado, Darío
Fonte: Facultad de Economía Publicador: Facultad de Economía
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/book; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.94%
We investigate the effect of education Conditional Cash Transfer programs (CCTs) on teenage pregnancy. Our main concern is with how the size and sign of the effect may depend on the design of the program. Using a simple model we show that an education CCT that conditions renewal on school performance reduces teenage pregnancy; the program can increase teenage pregnancy if it does not condition on school performance. Then, using an original data base, we estimate the causal impact on teenage pregnancy of two education CCTs implemented in Bogot´a (Subsidio Educativo, SE, and Familias en Acci´on, FA); both programs differ particularly on whether school success is a condition for renewal or not. We show that SE has negative average effect on teenage pregnancy while FA has a null average effect. We also find that SE has either null or no effect for adolescents in all age and grade groups while FA has positive, null or negative effects for adolescents in different age and grade groups. Since SE conditions renewal on school success and FA does not, we can argue that the empirical results are consistent with the predictions of our model and that conditioning renewal of the subsidy on school success crucially determines the effect of the subsidy on teenage pregnancy

The prevention of teenage pregnancy in adolescent's view

Fiedler,Milla Wildemberg; Araújo,Alisson; Souza,Márcia Christina Caetano de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.68%
The objective of the research is to understand the vision of adolescents on the prevention of adolescent pregnancy in a school in the municipality of Divinópolis, Minas Gerais. This is a descriptive study, exploratory, with a qualitative approach, with 14 adolescents. Semistructured interviews. Data were analyzed and interpreted by discourse analysis. The analysis of the reports of the subjects interviewed originated four empirical categories: perception about the importance of preventing teenage pregnancy, knowledge about the use of contraception methods, use of contraceptives methods, barriers to access to health services for the prevention of pregnancy. It is concluded that the adolescents consider the prevention of teenage pregnancy as something positive, express their Knowledge about contraceptive methods demonstrate that practicing, safe sex and unsafe and point out flaws in the quality of health care. Efforts of public power are required for the realization of the public policies in health care of adolescents.

Teenage pregnancy contextualized: understanding reproductive intentions in a Brazilian shantytown

Santos,Karine Alves
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.63%
This paper presents the results of a socio-anthropological study with women from a low-income community in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Through the use of qualitative methods it looks at teenage pregnancy from the young mothers' perspective and the contribution of their socioeconomic environment. It shows the importance of different actors in their fertility decision and identifies contradictory cultural norms that recriminate teenage sexual activity while seeing motherhood as a ritual of passage to adulthood. Following criticisms of insufficient family planning programs and negative health and economic outcomes for the lives of youngsters, the paper argues that motherhood stands as a successful activity through which they fulfill the collectively recognized ideal of womanhood, also carrying a sense of achievement in an environment where lack of opportunities prevail long before pregnancy occurs. Improving formal knowledge and economic well-being are possible solutions to provide these girls with goals that go beyond parenthood while within reach of their economic reality.

Truancy and teenage pregnancy in English adolescent girls: can we identify those at risk?

Zhou, Yin; Puradiredja, Dewi Ismajani; Abel, Gary
Fonte: OUP Publicador: OUP
Tipo: Article; published version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.93%
This is the final published version. It first appeared at http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdv029; Background Truancy has been linked to risky sexual behaviours in teenagers. However, no studies in England have examined the association between truancy and teenage pregnancy, and the use of truancy as a marker of teenagers at risk of pregnancy. Methods Using logistic regression, we investigated the association between truancy at age 15 and the likelihood of teenage pregnancy by age 19 among 3837 female teenagers who participated in the Longitudinal Study of Young People of England. We calculated the areas under the ROC curves of four models to determine how useful truancy would be as a marker of future teenage pregnancy. Results Truancy showed a dose?response association with teenage pregnancy after adjusting for ethnicity, educational intentions at age 16, parental socioeconomic status and family composition (?several days at a time? versus ?none?, odds ratio 3.48 95% confidence interval 1.90?6.36, P < 0.001). Inclusion of risk behaviours improved the accuracy of predictive models only marginally (area under the ROC curve 0.76 full model versus 0.71 sociodemographic characteristics only). Conclusions Truancy is independently associated with teenage pregnancy among English adolescent girls. However...

; A policy pathway to reducing teenage pregnancy in Africa

Odejimi, Opeyemi; Young, Denise Bellingham
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.92%
; Background: Teenage pregnancy remains an important and complex issue around the world, with reports indicating that Africa has higher rates than other continents. Studies have indicated that social and economic determinants are associated with these higher rates. Therefore this study aims to identify the social and economic influencers of teenage pregnancy which would help develop a best-practice approach to reduce its incidence in Africa. Methods: Data sets from the World Bank Organisation between 2008 and 2010 specific to 51 Africa countries were obtained to conduct this study, based on  availability. Independent t-test, Spearman’s correlation and regression analysis were performed. The eight social and economic variables used in this study are: GDP per capita, GINI index, Female Literacy rate, Health expenditure, Unemployed female rate, Gender equality, Contraceptive prevalence and urban population rate. Results: Independent t-test revealed that in countries where teenage pregnancy rate is high, Literacy rate, contraceptive prevalence rate and Healthcare expenditure rate was low. Spearman correlation indicated that female literacy rate, Healthcare expenditure, GDP per capita and Contraceptive prevalence had a significant inverse relationship with teenage pregnancy rate. Logistic regression indicates that Female Literacy rate is the best predictor of teenage pregnancy in Africa. Conclusion: Result suggest that a practical approach to reduce teenage pregnancy rate in Africa is to implement strategies and policies aimed at improving female literacy rate...

Teenage pregnancy and frequent use of alcohol and drugs in the home environment; Gravidez na adolescência e uso freqüente de álcool e drogas no contexto familiar

Caputo, Valéria Garcia; Bordin, Isabel Altenfelder
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2008 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.63%
OBJETIVO: Analisar fatores individuais e familiares associados à gravidez na adolescência, incluindo uso freqüente de álcool e drogas ilícitas por familiar. MÉTODOS: Estudo de caso-controle com amostra de 408 adolescentes (13-17 anos) escolares sexualmente ativas, de Marília, SP, 2003-2004. Os casos eram 100 primigestas atendidas em programas de pré-natal de unidades de saúde e os controles, 308 estudantes que nunca haviam engravidado, provenientes de oito escolas estaduais. Foram coletados com instrumentos padronizados dados sociodemográficos, educacionais, comportamento contraceptivo, problemas de saúde mental e características familiares. A análise estatística incluiu testes de qui-quadrado e modelos de regressão logística. RESULTADOS: A baixa escolaridade paterna (p=0,01), a falta de informação sobre sexualidade e fertilização (p=0,001) e o uso de drogas ilícitas por familiar residente no domicílio (p=0,006) foram fatores de risco independentemente dos demais. Renda familiar per capita e pedir ao parceiro que usasse preservativo foram fatores de confundimento. CONCLUSÕES: O uso freqüente de drogas ilícitas por familiar residente no domicílio é um fator fortemente associado à gravidez na adolescência...

Teenage pregnancy: a multiplicity of experiences at a basic health unit in Santa Maria/RS; Embarazos en la adolescencia: multiplicidad de experiencias en una unidad básica de salud de Santa Maria/RS; Gestações na adolescência: multiplicidade de experiências em uma unidade básica de saúde de Santa Maria/RS

Patias, Naiana Dapieve; Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM); Jager, Márcia Elisa; Centro Universitário Franciscano (UNIFRA), Integrante do grupo de Pesquisa Cnpq: Avaliação e Intervenções no Desenvolvimento Humano (UFSM).; Fiorin, Pascale Che
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; pesquisa empírica de campo; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/07/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.68%
Adolescent pregnancy has been widely investigated by researchers, both in Brazil and in other countries, mostly from the 80's on, when this phenomenon started to be faced as a public health problem. Thus, this study aims to evaluate and reflect on the profile of pregnant adolescents users of a Basic Health Unit of Santa Maria - RS. We have used a questionnaire containing closed and open questions about sexuality, contraception, maternity and life project. From a content analysis of information, one can see a variety of experiences related to the phenomenon of teenage pregnancy. Thus, it is emphasized that it is important to assess the individual story of teenage pregnancy, because pregnancy and motherhood take on different meanings, depending on family history and socio-cultural context in which they are embedded.; El embarazo en la adolescencia ha sido ampliamente investigado tanto en Brasil como en otros países, principalmente a partir de  los años 80, cuando esta situación pasó a ser vista como un problema de salud pública. Así, este estudio tiene como objetivo conocer y reflexionar sobre el perfil de las adolescentes embarazadas usuarias de una Unidad Básica de Salud de la ciudad de Santa María – RS. Para eso se utilizó un cuestionario con preguntas cerradas y abiertas sobre la sexualidad...

School trajectory and teenage pregnancy in three Brazilian state capitals

Almeida,Maria da Conceição C.; Aquino,Estela M. L.; Barros,Antoniel Pinheiro de
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.84%
This paper describes the relationship between school trajectory and incidence of teenage pregnancy. A cross-sectional residence-based questionnaire was applied, interviewing 4,634 youth ages 18 to 24 years, selected through a stratified three-stage sample. For the present study, young people ages 20 to 24 years (65.6%) were chosen, with teenage pregnancy rates of 29.5% for females and 21.4% for males (in relation to their partners). Sexual debut was reported by 87% of women and 95.3% of men. The majority of young people reported irregular school trajectory, with 39% enrolled in school at the time of the study. Nearly half of those who had interrupted their studies at least once reported a teenage pregnancy. The main reasons for interrupting their studies were pregnancy and children for women and work for men. School dropout due to teenage pregnancy was mentioned by 40.1% of women for whom the outcome of pregnancy was a child. However, 20.5% had already dropped out of school before becoming pregnant.

Teenage pregnancy contextualized: understanding reproductive intentions in a Brazilian shantytown

Santos,Karine Alves
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.63%
This paper presents the results of a socio-anthropological study with women from a low-income community in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Through the use of qualitative methods it looks at teenage pregnancy from the young mothers' perspective and the contribution of their socioeconomic environment. It shows the importance of different actors in their fertility decision and identifies contradictory cultural norms that recriminate teenage sexual activity while seeing motherhood as a ritual of passage to adulthood. Following criticisms of insufficient family planning programs and negative health and economic outcomes for the lives of youngsters, the paper argues that motherhood stands as a successful activity through which they fulfill the collectively recognized ideal of womanhood, also carrying a sense of achievement in an environment where lack of opportunities prevail long before pregnancy occurs. Improving formal knowledge and economic well-being are possible solutions to provide these girls with goals that go beyond parenthood while within reach of their economic reality.