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Composition and diversity of Ephemeroptera (Insecta) nymph communities in the middle section of the Jacui River and some tributaries, southern Brazil

SIEGLOCH, Ana Emilia; FROEHLICH, Claudio Gilberto; KOTZIAN, Carla B.
Fonte: FUNDACAO ZOOBOTANICA RIO GRANDE SUL, MUSEU CIENCIAS NATURAIS Publicador: FUNDACAO ZOOBOTANICA RIO GRANDE SUL, MUSEU CIENCIAS NATURAIS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
The taxonomic composition and diversity of assemblages of Ephemeroptera nymphs of four lotic environments in the central region of State of Rio Grande do Sul, a subtropical area in southern Brazil, were evaluated. Samplings were done monthly, with a Surber sampler, from June 2001 to May 2002, in the Jacui River and three of its tributaries. The total number of nymphs collected in the four sampling sites was 11,007 in five families and 19 genera, of these, 11 are new records for the State. The highest diversity occurred in Point 4 (H` = 2.41) and the lowest in Point 2 (H` = 1.69). Point 4 had the highest environmental stability, conservation of the riparian vegetation and the lowest anthropic impact, while Point 2 presented a large environmental simplification due to a direct anthropic influence ( e. g. domestic sewerage, trampling by cattle). The diversity of nymphs observed in the total area is high, compared to the estimated maximum theoretical diversity; a result of the high evenness and richness recorded. Rarefaction curves, calculated for a sample of 1,018 specimens, showed a similar expectation of richness for the four sampling sites. This result seems to be associated with the overall environmental homogeneity of the region caused by long-term alterations ( land use and deforestation). In summary...

Macrofaunal abundance and composition on the West Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf: Evidence for a sediment `food bank` and similarities to deep-sea habitats

GLOVER, Adrian G.; SMITH, Craig R.; MINCKS, Sarah L.; SUMIDA, Paulo Y. G.; THURBER, Andrew R.
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
To assess the impact and fate of the summer phytoplankton bloom on Antarctic benthos, we evaluated temporal and spatial patterns in macrofaunal abundance and taxonomic composition along a transect crossing the West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) continental shelf As part of the FOODBANCS project, we sampled three sites at 550-625 m depths during five cruises occurring in November 1999, February-March 2000, June 2000, October 2000 and March 2001. We used a combination of megacore and box-core samplers to take 81 samples, and collected over 30,000 macrofaunal individuals, one of the largest sampling efforts on the Antarctic shelf to date. Comparison of the two sampling methodologies (box core and megacore) indicates similar macrofaunal densities, but with significant differences in taxonomic composition, a reflection of the different spatial scales of sampling. Macrorfaunal abundances on the WAP shelf were relatively high compared to other Antarctic shelf settings. At two of the three sampling sites, macrofaunal abundance remained constant throughout the year, which is consistent with the presence of a sediment `food bank`. Differences were observed in taxonomic composition at the site closest to the coast (Station A), driven by higher abundances of subsurface-deposit feeders. A significant temporal response was observed in the ampharetid polychaetes at Station A...

Estudo da composição taxonômica e da densidade de macroinvertebrados bentônicos no sistema de lagoas naturais do vale do médio Rio Doce (MG), com ênfase na espécie de molusco exótica Melanoides tuberculata (Müller, 1774); Study of the taxonomic composition and of the density of benthic macroinvertebrates in the system of natural lakes in Rio Doce´s middle valey (MG), with emphasis on exotic species of mollusk Melanoides tuberculata (Müller, 1774)

Ramos, Raphael Campitelli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/09/2008 PT
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46.11%
No presente estudo foi realizada uma caracterização limnológica comparativa de dezoito lagoas pertencentes ao sistema lacustre do vale do médio Rio Doce e da comunidade de macroinvertebrados bentônicos, analisando-se a composição e a riqueza de espécies. A espécie exótica Melanoides tuberculata invadiu várias regiões do Brasil, e representa uma ameaça para a fauna de moluscos e outros invertebrados nativos das comunidades bentônicas onde se estabelecem. Para isto foram realizadas coletas nos períodos climáticos, chuvoso e seco, amostrando-se em cinco pontos em cada lagoa incluindo a região litorânea e limnética. Foram realizadas medidas físicas e químicas da água e a análise granulométrica, teor de matéria orgânica e classificação textural do sedimento das lagoas. A comunidade bentônica foi amostrada com draga de Van Veen nos diferentes pontos e o material foi lavado em peneiras de 210 'mü'm de abertura de malha, preservado em formol 8% e posteriormente triado e identificado. Os resultados obtidos evidenciaram que a maioria das lagoas estudadas são ambientes de águas levemente ácidas, bem oxigenadas, com baixa concentração de nutrientes na coluna da água, sendo sistemas de baixa trofia (oligotróficos ou mesotróficos). As lagoas diferem quanto à profundidade e transparência da água e aquelas com profundidade superior a 10 metros observou-se estratificação térmica no período chuvoso e isotermia no período seco. A comunidade de macroinvertebrados bentônicos foi bastante diversificada...

Caracterização taxonômica e funcional da comunidade bacteriana associada a corais do Estado de São Paulo; Taxonomic and functional characterization of bacterial communities associated to corals of the São Paulo

Camila Carlos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/04/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
Os recifes de corais são ecossistemas sensíveis que estão ameaçados pelas mudanças climáticas. Estudos têm demonstrado a importância da microbiota associada aos corais na resistência às doenças e aos estresses. Neste trabalho, a caracterização taxonômica e funcional da microbiota associada a corais encontrados no litoral de São Paulo permitiu a identificação de associações espécie-específicas entre corais e bactérias e a identificação de funções bacterianas responsáveis pelo estabelecimento de associações coral-bactéria. A composição taxonômica associada a ambientes coralíneos (muco, água e sedimento do entorno) de quatro espécies de corais encontradas no litoral de São Paulo foi avaliada por pirosequenciamento do gene de rRNA 16S. Os resultados indicam que a comunidade microbiana do muco não é apenas distinta do ambiente do entorno, todavia é, também, mais estável ao longo das estações do ano. A composição taxonômica da microbiota do coral mole Palythoa caribaeorum foi bastante distinta das demais espécies, pertencentes estas à ordem Scleractinia, indicando a influência das relações filogenéticas na moldagem das comunidades microbianas associadas aos corais. O metagenoma de Madracis decactis e da espécie brasileira endêmica Mussismilia hispida foi sequenciado por pirosequenciamento. A maior parte das sequências obtidas não pôde ser anotada...

Intertidal benthic diatoms of the Tagus estuary : taxonomic composition and spatial-temporal variation

Ribeiro, Lourenço Luís Cardoso Soares, 1974-
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
Tese de doutoramento, Biologia (Biodiversidade), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, 2010; The taxonomic composition of intertidal benthic diatom communities of many estuarine and coastal areas worldwide is still fairly unknown. In order to increase knowledge on the biodiversity and community structure of the intertidal benthic diatoms of the Tagus estuary, a two-year survey was carried out in 6 stations with distinct sediment structure. The main output of the study is the Identification Guide which is supplemented by 1019 micrographs (volume 2). This detailed systematic account of 185 diatom taxa observed includes: morphological descriptions and comparisons to similar species, as well as information on biogeography and autoecology. Moreover, the structure of the diatom communities was characterized by its diversity and other features related to community physiognomy, such as size-class or life-form distribution. Temporal patterns were clearly subordinate to spatial ones; mud content was found to be the environmental variable most correlated to the multivariate patterns of the biotic data. The level of physical disturbance of the sediment was found to be responsible for the structure of the diatom communities as it controls the interplay between two different functional groups composing the diatom assemblages: the epipelon and the epipsammon. The epipelon...

Species richness and community structure of arboreal spider assemblages in fragments of three vegetational types at Banhado Grande wet plain, Gravataí River, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Bonaldo,Alexandre B.; Marques,Maria Aparecida L.; Pinto-da-Rocha,Ricardo; Gardner,Toby
Fonte: Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
The taxonomic composition, observed and estimated species richness, and patterns of community structure of arboreal spider assemblages in eleven sites surrounding the "Banhado Grande" wet plain in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, are presented. These sites represent three different vegetational types: hillside (four sites), riparian (five sites) and flooded forests (two sites). The spiders were captured by beating on foliage and "aerial litter". A sample was defined as the result of beating on twenty bushes, tree branches or "aerial litter" clusters, which roughly corresponds to one-hour search effort per sample. Fifty five samples (five per site) were obtained, resulting in an observed richness of 212 species present as adult or identifiable juveniles. The total richness for all samples was estimated to be between 250 (Bootstrap) to 354 species (Jackknife 2). Confidence intervals of both sample and individual-based rarefaction curves for each vegetation type clearly indicated that flooded forest is the poorest vegetation type with respect to spider species richness, with hillside and riparian forests having a similar number of species. The percentage complementarity between the eleven sites indicated that all sites contain a distinct set of species...

Diversity of larvae of littoral Chironomidae (Diptera: Insecta) and their role as bioindicators in urban reservoirs of different trophic levels

Morais,SS.; Molozzi,J.; Viana,AL.; Viana,TH.; Callisto,M.
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.36%
The Chironomidae (Diptera: Insecta) have a high species richness, with species adapted to live under widely different environmental conditions. The study of the taxonomic composition of chironomid larvae and the percentage of occurrence of deformities in mouthparts, mainly in the mentum, are used in biomonitoring programmes in order to obtain information on the levels of organic and chemical pollution of aquatic ecosystems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the abundance of chironomid larvae and to quantify the occurrence of mentum deformities in the specimens collected in three urban reservoirs with different trophic levels. The reservoirs are located in the hydrographic basin of the Paraopeba River, an affluent of the São Francisco River basin (Minas Gerais State, southeastern Brazil). The Serra Azul Reservoir is oligotrophic, the Vargem das Flores Reservoir is mesotrophic, and the Ibirité Reservoir is eutrophic. Along the littoral zone of each reservoir, 30 samples were collected during each sampling campaign. Sampling was carried out every three months for one year, with two sampling campaigns during the wet season and two during the dry season in 2008. Physical and chemical parameters measured in the water column included the water depth...

Taxonomic composition and feeding habits of Chironomidae in Cerrado streams (Southeast Brazil): impacts of land use changes

Saito,Victor Satoru; Fonseca-Gessner,Alaíde Aparecida
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Limnologia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Limnologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.36%
The Chironomidae family is the most abundant and diverse member of the benthic community in streams, yet their identification is still neglected in many papers. It is considered a family tolerant to environmental impacts and with homogeneous feeding habit. AIM: To compare the richness, abundance and taxonomic composition of Chironomidae in Cerrado streams under different land uses as well as the feeding habit differences between genera of reference areas, sugar cane culture and pasture. METHODS: We selected seven streams in each land use and sampled six units using Surber sampler. The material was transported live for laboratory processing. RESULTS: Our results showed no significant differences in abundance and richness of Chironomidae among different land use, but we observed greater average values of abundance and richness in streams impacted by pasture. We found a distinct taxonomic composition between reference streams and impacted streams, both sugar cane and pasture. Stenochironomus was the most representative genus in reference areas, while Parametriocnemus was in sugar cane culture and Tanytarsus in pastures. The only statistically different feeding pattern found were between Cerrado streams and sugar cane for plant tissues...

A Taxonomic Signature of Obesity in the Microbiome? Getting to the Guts of the Matter

Finucane, Mariel M.; Sharpton, Thomas J.; Laurent, Timothy J.; Pollard, Katherine S.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.43%
Obesity is an important and intractable public health problem. In addition to the well-known risk factors of behavior, diet, and genetics, gut microbial communities were recently identified as another possible source of risk and a potential therapeutic target. However, human and animal-model studies have yielded conflicting results about the precise nature of associations between microbiome composition and obesity. In this paper, we use publicly available data from the Human Microbiome Project (HMP) and MetaHIT, both surveys of healthy adults that include obese individuals, plus two smaller studies that specifically examined lean versus obese adults. We find that inter-study variability in the taxonomic composition of stool microbiomes far exceeds differences between lean and obese individuals within studies. Our analyses further reveal a high degree of variability in stool microbiome composition and diversity across individuals. While we confirm the previously published small, but statistically significant, differences in phylum-level taxonomic composition between lean and obese individuals in several cohorts, we find no association between BMI and taxonomic composition of stool microbiomes in the larger HMP and MetaHIT datasets. We explore a range of different statistical techniques and show that this result is robust to the choice of methodology. Differences between studies are likely due to a combination of technical and clinical factors. We conclude that there is no simple taxonomic signature of obesity in the microbiota of the human gut.

Taxonomic composition of the particle-attached and free-living bacterial assemblages in the Northwest Mediterranean Sea analyzed by pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA

Crespo, Bibiana G; Pommier, Thomas; Fernández-Gómez, Beatriz; Pedrós-Alió, Carlos
Fonte: Blackwell Science Inc Publicador: Blackwell Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
Free-living (FL) and particle-attached (PA) bacterial assemblages in the Northwest Mediterranean Sea were studied using pyrosequencing data of the 16S rRNA. We have described and compared the richness, the distribution of Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs) within the two fractions, the spatial distribution, and the taxonomic composition of FL and PA bacterial assemblages. The number of OTUs in the present work was two orders of magnitude higher than in previous studies. Only 25% of the total OTUs were common to both fractions, whereas 49% OTUs were exclusive to the PA fraction and 26% to the FL fraction. The OTUs exclusively present in PA or FL assemblages were very low in abundance (6% of total abundance). Detection of the rare OTUs revealed the larger richness of PA bacteria that was hidden in previous studies. Alpha-Proteobacteria dominated the FL bacterial assemblage and gamma-Proteobacteria dominated the PA fraction. Bacteroidetes were important in the PA fraction mainly at the coast. The high number of sequences in this study detected additional phyla from the PA fraction, such as Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, and Verrucomicrobia.

Microbial Succession in the Gut: Directional Trends of Taxonomic and Functional Change in a Birth Cohort of Spanish Infants

Vallès, Yvonne; Artacho, Alejandro; Pascual-García, Alberto; Ferrús, Maria Loreto; Gosalbes, María José; Abellán, Juan José; Francino, M. Pilar
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
In spite of its major impact on life-long health, the process of microbial succession in the gut of infants remains poorly understood. Here, we analyze the patterns of taxonomic and functional change in the gut microbiota during the first year of life for a birth cohort of 13 infants. We detect that individual instances of gut colonization vary in the temporal dynamics of microbiota richness, diversity, and composition at both functional and taxonomic levels. Nevertheless, trends discernible in a majority of infants indicate that gut colonization occurs in two distinct phases of succession, separated by the introduction of solid foods to the diet. This change in resource availability causes a sharp decrease in the taxonomic richness of the microbiota due to the loss of rare taxa (p = 2.06e-9), although the number of core genera shared by all infants increases substantially. Moreover, although the gut microbial succession is not strictly deterministic, we detect an overarching directionality of change through time towards the taxonomic and functional composition of the maternal microbiota. Succession is however not complete by the one year mark, as significant differences remain between one-year-olds and their mothers in terms of taxonomic (p = 0.009) and functional (p = 0.004) microbiota composition...

Bioinformatic Amplicon Read Processing Strategies Strongly Affect Eukaryotic Diversity and the Taxonomic Composition of Communities

Majaneva, Markus; Hyytiäinen, Kirsi; Varvio, Sirkka Liisa; Nagai, Satoshi; Blomster, Jaanika
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
Amplicon read sequencing has revolutionized the field of microbial diversity studies. The technique has been developed for bacterial assemblages and has undergone rigorous testing with mock communities. However, due to the great complexity of eukaryotes and the numbers of different rDNA copies, analyzing eukaryotic diversity is more demanding than analyzing bacterial or mock communities, so studies are needed that test the methods of analyses on taxonomically diverse natural communities. In this study, we used 20 samples collected from the Baltic Sea ice, slush and under-ice water to investigate three program packages (UPARSE, mothur and QIIME) and 18 different bioinformatic strategies implemented in them. Our aim was to assess the impact of the initial steps of bioinformatic strategies on the results when analyzing natural eukaryotic communities. We found significant differences among the strategies in resulting read length, number of OTUs and estimates of diversity as well as clear differences in the taxonomic composition of communities. The differences arose mainly because of the variable number of chimeric reads that passed the pre-processing steps. Singleton removal and denoising substantially lowered the number of errors. Our study showed that the initial steps of the bioinformatic amplicon read processing strategies require careful consideration before applying them to eukaryotic communities.

Putative Effect of Aquifer Recharge on the Abundance and Taxonomic Composition of Endemic Microbial Communities

Smith, Renee J.; Paterson, James S.; Sibley, Cally A.; Hutson, John L.; Mitchell, James G.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
Drought events and the overexploitation of freshwater resources have led to the increased need to manage groundwater reserves. Aquifer storage and recovery (ASR), whereby artificial water is injected into aquifers for storage, is one of the proposed methods by which freshwater supplies can be increased. Microbial clogging following injection, however, is a major issue. Here, during laboratory simulations of ASR, we used flow cytometry and bar-coded pyrosequencing to investigate changes in microbial abundance and community dynamics. Bacterial abundance ranged from 5.0 × 104 to 1.4 × 107 cells ml-1 before the addition of synthetic wastewater. Following wastewater addition, a 25-fold decrease in abundance was observed, coinciding with a 12-fold increase in viral abundance. Taxa shifted from an overrepresentation of Sphingomonadales, Sphingobacteriales, Rhodospirillales, Caulobacterales, Legionellales, Bacillales, Fusobacteriales and Verrucomicrobiales prior to the addition of synthetic wastewater to Burkholderiales, Actinomycetales, Pseudomonadales, Xanthomonadales, Rhodobacterales, Thizobiales and Thiotrichales following the addition of synthetic wastewater. Furthermore, a significant difference in overall taxonomic composition between the groundwater samples before and after the addition of synthetic wastewater was observed...

Macroalgal composition and its association with local hydrodynamics in the Laje de Santos Marine State Park, southwestern Atlantic, São Paulo, Brazil

Jorge, Renato Rocha; Harari, Joseph; Fujii, Mutue Toyota
Fonte: INST OCEANOGRAFICO, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO Publicador: INST OCEANOGRAFICO, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
The Laje de Santos Marine State Park (LSMSP), located in southeastern Brazil, is the only marine park in Sao Paulo State. This conservation unit has been established as a protected area of high biological diversity. Despite its importance for the conservation of the marine biota, little is known about the park's seaweed flora. The objectives of this study were as follows: to furnish increased knowledge of the composition of the macroalgae in the Park area; to relate the area's macroalgal composition to the presence of an important water mass in the region, the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW); and to investigate the possible influence of the Port of Santos on the composition of the macroalgae of the LSMSP. This study registered 31 new records for the LSMSP, 11 for Sao Paulo State, four for Brazil, one for the western Atlantic and one for the South Atlantic Ocean, in addition to the possible occurrence of one new species of Osmundea (Rhodomelaceae) and one new genus belonging to Ceramiaceae. The taxonomic composition of the macroalgae had a direct correlation with the arrival of the SACW in the summer-fall season. The SACW generated a strong thermocline and increased the supply of nutrients in the water column. Hydrodynamic and dispersion modeling analyses suggested that the Port of Santos influenced the composition of the LSMSP phycoflora.

Macroalgal composition and its association with local hydrodynamics in the Laje de Santos Marine State Park, southwestern Atlantic, São Paulo, Brazil

Jorge, Renato Rocha; Harari, Joseph; Fujii, Mutue Toyota
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
The Laje de Santos Marine State Park (LSMSP), located in southeastern Brazil, is the only marine park in São Paulo State. This conservation unit has been established as a protected area of high biological diversity. Despite its importance for the conservation of the marine biota, little is known about the park's seaweed flora. The objectives of this study were as follows: to furnish increased knowledge of the composition of the macroalgae in the Park area; to relate the area's macroalgal composition to the presence of an important water mass in the region, the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW); and to investigate the possible influence of the Port of Santos on the composition of the macroalgae of the LSMSP. This study registered 31 new records for the LSMSP, 11 for São Paulo State, four for Brazil, one for the western Atlantic and one for the South Atlantic Ocean, in addition to the possible occurrence of one new species of Osmundea (Rhodomelaceae) and one new genus belonging to Ceramiaceae. The taxonomic composition of the macroalgae had a direct correlation with the arrival of the SACW in the summer-fall season. The SACW generated a strong thermocline and increased the supply of nutrients in the water column. Hydrodynamic and dispersion modeling analyses suggested that the Port of Santos influenced the composition of the LSMSP phycoflora.

Composition and diversity of Ephemeroptera (Insecta) nymph communities in the middle section of the Jacuí River and some tributaries, southern Brazil; Composição taxonômica e diversidade das comunidades de ninfas de Ephemeroptera (Insecta) do curso médio do Rio Jacuí e afluentes, sul do Brasil

SIEGLOCH, Ana Emilia; FROEHLICH, Claudio Gilberto; KOTZIAN, Carla B.
Fonte: Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
The taxonomic composition and diversity of assemblages of Ephemeroptera nymphs of four lotic environments in the central region of State of Rio Grande do Sul, a subtropical area in southern Brazil, were evaluated. Samplings were done monthly, with a Surber sampler, from June 2001 to May 2002, in the Jacuí River and three of its tributaries. The total number of nymphs collected in the four sampling sites was 11,007 in five families and 19 genera, of these, 11 are new records for the State. The highest diversity occurred in Point 4 (H'=2.41) and the lowest in Point 2 (H'=1.69). Point 4 had the highest environmental stability, conservation of the riparian vegetation and the lowest anthropic impact, while Point 2 presented a large environmental simplification due to a direct anthropic influence (e.g. domestic sewerage, trampling by cattle). The diversity of nymphs observed in the total area is high, compared to the estimated maximum theoretical diversity; a result of the high evenness and richness recorded. Rarefaction curves, calculated for a sample of 1,018 specimens, showed a similar expectation of richness for the four sampling sites. This result seems to be associated with the overall environmental homogeneity of the region caused by long-term alterations (land use and deforestation). In summary...

Composition and diversity of Trichoptera (Insecta) larvae communities in the middle section of the Jacuí river and some tributaries, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Spies,Marcia R.; Froehlich,Claudio G.; Kotzian,Carla B.
Fonte: Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
The taxonomic composition and diversity of Trichoptera larvae communities were studied in four lotic sites in central region of State of Rio Grande do Sul. Sampling was done monthly from June, 2001 to May, 2002 in four sites located at the middle section of Jacuí River (Point 4) and in three tributaries (Carijinho River - Point 1; Lajeado da Gringa - Point 2 and Lajeado do Gringo - Point 3), with a Surber sampler. The total number of larvae collected was 29,143, belonging to 25 genera distributed in nine families; twenty of these genera are new records for the State. The highest abundance was found at Point 2 (n = 12,547). The highest standardized richness, for a 1,177 specimens sample chosen by chance, was recorded at Point 1, followed by Point 4 (17.7 and 16 genera, respectively). The highest diversity was found at Point 1, and the lowest at Point 3 (H' = 1.31 and H' = 0.77, respectively). Point 1 had the lowest anthropic influence and the best preserved riparian vegetation, while Point 3 presented the highest anthropic impact, and a very reduced riparian vegetation. The diversity of Trichoptera observed in this study is low, compared to the estimated maximum theoretical diversity. Low diversity values are related to the low evenness...

Composition and diversity of Ephemeroptera (Insecta) nymph communities in the middle section of the Jacuí River and some tributaries, southern Brazil

Siegloch,Ana Emilia; Froehlich,Claudio Gilberto; Kotzian,Carla B.
Fonte: Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
The taxonomic composition and diversity of assemblages of Ephemeroptera nymphs of four lotic environments in the central region of State of Rio Grande do Sul, a subtropical area in southern Brazil, were evaluated. Samplings were done monthly, with a Surber sampler, from June 2001 to May 2002, in the Jacuí River and three of its tributaries. The total number of nymphs collected in the four sampling sites was 11,007 in five families and 19 genera, of these, 11 are new records for the State. The highest diversity occurred in Point 4 (H'=2.41) and the lowest in Point 2 (H'=1.69). Point 4 had the highest environmental stability, conservation of the riparian vegetation and the lowest anthropic impact, while Point 2 presented a large environmental simplification due to a direct anthropic influence (e.g. domestic sewerage, trampling by cattle). The diversity of nymphs observed in the total area is high, compared to the estimated maximum theoretical diversity; a result of the high evenness and richness recorded. Rarefaction curves, calculated for a sample of 1,018 specimens, showed a similar expectation of richness for the four sampling sites. This result seems to be associated with the overall environmental homogeneity of the region caused by long-term alterations (land use and deforestation). In summary...

Macroalgal composition and its association with local hydrodynamics in the Laje de Santos Marine State Park, southwestern Atlantic, São Paulo, Brazil

Jorge,Renato Rocha; Harari,Joseph; Fujii,Mutue Toyota
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2012 EN
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The Laje de Santos Marine State Park (LSMSP), located in southeastern Brazil, is the only marine park in São Paulo State. This conservation unit has been established as a protected area of high biological diversity. Despite its importance for the conservation of the marine biota, little is known about the park's seaweed flora. The objectives of this study were as follows: to furnish increased knowledge of the composition of the macroalgae in the Park area; to relate the area's macroalgal composition to the presence of an important water mass in the region, the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW); and to investigate the possible influence of the Port of Santos on the composition of the macroalgae of the LSMSP. This study registered 31 new records for the LSMSP, 11 for São Paulo State, four for Brazil, one for the western Atlantic and one for the South Atlantic Ocean, in addition to the possible occurrence of one new species of Osmundea (Rhodomelaceae) and one new genus belonging to Ceramiaceae. The taxonomic composition of the macroalgae had a direct correlation with the arrival of the SACW in the summer-fall season. The SACW generated a strong thermocline and increased the supply of nutrients in the water column. Hydrodynamic and dispersion modeling analyses suggested that the Port of Santos influenced the composition of the LSMSP phycoflora.

Macroalgal composition and its association with local hydrodynamics in the Laje de Santos Marine State Park, southwestern Atlantic, São Paulo, Brazil

Jorge, Renato Rocha; Harari, Joseph; Fujii, Mutue Toyota
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto Oceanográfico Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto Oceanográfico
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 ENG
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O Parque Estadual Marinho da Laje de Santos (PEMLS), localizado no sudeste do Brasil, é o único parque marinho do litoral paulista. Essa unidade de conservação foi classificada como de "alta diversidade biológica". Apesar da sua importância para a preservação da biota marinha, pouco é conhecido sobre a flora de macroalgas do Parque. Os obejtivos deste estudo foram: aumentar o conhecimento da composição de macroalgas na região do PEMLS; relacionar tal composição com a presença de uma importante massa d'água na região, a Água Central do Atlântico Sul (ACAS); e verificar uma possivel influência do Porto de Santos na composição ficológica do Parque. O presente estudo registrou 31 novas ocorrências para o Parque, 11 para o estado de São Paulo, quatro para o Brasil, uma para o Atlântico Ocidental e uma para o Atlântico Sul, além de duas prováveis novas ocorrências para a ciência: uma espécie de Osmundea (Rhodomelaceae) e um gênero pertencente e Ceramiaceae. Segundo os dados encontrados, a composição de macroalgas tem uma correlação direta com a presença da ACAS no período de verão-outono. Essa frente térmica profunda promove a formação de uma forte termoclina e aumenta o aporte de nutrientes na coluna d'água. Análises dos modelos hidrodinâmico e de dispersão sugerem que o Porto de Santos pode influenciar a composição ficológica do local.; The Laje de Santos Marine State Park (LSMSP)...