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Reengenharia da ferramenta Projection Explorer para apoio à seleção de estudos primários em revisão sistemática; Reengineering of projection explorer tool to support selection of primary studies on systematic review

Martins, Rafael Messias
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/04/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
A crescente adoção do paradigma experimental na pesquisa em Engenharia de Software visa a obtenção de evidências experimentais sobre as tecnologias propostas para garantir sua correta avaliação e para a construção de um corpo de conhecimento sólido da disciplina. Uma das abordagens de pesquisa experimental é a revisão sistemática, um método rigoroso, planejado e auditável para a realização da coleta e análise crítica de dados experimentais disponíveis sobre um determinado tema de pesquisa. Apesar de produzir resultados confiáveis, a condução de uma revisão sistemática pode ser trabalhosa e muitas vezes demorada, principalmente quando existe um grande volume de estudos a serem considerados, selecionados e avaliados. Uma solução encontrada na literatura é a utilização de ferramentas de Mineração Visual de Textos (VTM) como a Projection Explorer (PEx) para apoiar a fase de seleção e análise de estudos primários no processo de revisão sistemática. Neste trabalho foi realizada uma reengenharia de software na ferramenta PEx com dois objetivos principais: apoiar, utilizando VTM, a fase de seleção e análise de estudos primários no processo de revisão sistemática e implementar novos requisitos não-funcionais relativos à melhoria da manutenibilidade e escalabilidade da ferramenta. Como resultado foi construída uma plataforma modular para a instanciação de ferramentas de visualização e...

O agrupamento de cuidados no manejo do recém-nascido pré-termo: uma revisão sistemática; The clustered care for handling the preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit: a systematic review

Oliva, Cintia Luiza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/03/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
Introdução: O agrupamento de cuidados é uma estratégia que visa evitar a manipulação intermitente dos neonatos pré-termos, proporcionando um período maior de repouso, fundamental para seu adequado crescimento e desenvolvimento. Esta prática é amplamente utilizada nas Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN). Objetivo: Estabelecer evidências acerca da efetividade do agrupamento de cuidados na organização do ciclo sono-vigília, na estabilidade das respostas fisiológicas e mímica facial em pré-termos com idade gestacional até 32 semanas. Método: Revisão sistemática que identificou estudos publicados e indexados nas bases eletrônicas Cochrane, LILACS, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, Web of Science. Foram utilizados os descritores/termos livres clustered care, neonatal individualized developmental care program OR NIDCAP, kangaroo mother care OR KMC e skin to skin para identificação dos estudos. Além destas bases, foram realizadas buscas por estudos não publicados em revistas indexadas como anais de eventos científicos, teses e dissertações indexadas nas bases eletrônicas de bancos de teses disponibilizados em páginas eletrônicas de universidades e pela ferramenta Google scholar. A análise e seleção das publicações foram realizadas por dois revisores independentes...

Qualidade de artigos incluídos em revisão sistemática: comparação entre latino-americanos e de outras regiões; Quality articles included in the systematic review: Comparison between Latin-american and others regions.

Sampaio, Maria Imaculada Cardoso
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/10/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
Introdução: A qualidade de um artigo científico é diretamente proporcional à qualidade metodológica e à apresentação dos resultados da pesquisa que o originou. Perguntas, ou hipóteses, muito bem explicitadas, objetivos claramente definidos, metodologia adequada que conduza aos objetivos propostos, com base em procedimentos metodológicos rigorosos e suficientemente descritos e justificados, são elementos essenciais no relato de pesquisas. Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade metodológica e da apresentação de resultados de artigos sobre prevalência de depressão pós-parto, incluídos em revisão sistemática, comparando artigos latino-americanos e de outras regiões. Metodo: O delineamento do estudo foi de pesquisa documental, com análise crítica da literatura. As etapas de definição das bases de dados, elaboração da estratégia de busca, classificação dos estudos de acordo com os critérios de inclusão e análise dos estudos foram efetuadas por duas revisoras independentes. A qualidade dos artigos foi mensurada de acordo com a Escala de Loney, comparados o desempenho dos artigos latino-americanos e não latino-americanos e a procedência das revistas que os publicaram. Títulos, resumos e palavras-chave também foram avaliados...

Systematic review versus internet search : considerations about availability and reliability of medical information regarding pregnancy in women with multiple sclerosis; Revisão sistemática versus busca na internet : coniderações sobre a disponibilidade e acurácia das informações médicas referentes à gravidez em portadoras de esclerose múltipla

Fragoso, Yára Dadalti; Fragoso, Suely Dadalti; Finkelsztejn, Alessandro; Brooks, Joseph Bruno Bidin; Rebs, Rebeca Recuero
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
Objetivo: Comparar os resultados de uma revisão sistemática médica com meta- -análise sobre o tema gravidez em esclerose múltipla (EM) aos resultados de uma revisão leiga, do mesmo assunto, baseada na Internet e conduzida por experts em comunicação mediada por computador. Métodos: As duas revisões foram realizadas independentemente em inglês. Três médicos com experiência em revisões sistemáticas e duas experts em comunicação com experiência na busca de dados nas ferramentas da Internet realizaram este estudo. Resultados: Os dados da revisão sistemática mostraram algumas diferenças daqueles que podem ser obtidos em websites de alto acesso. Conclusão: Estudos com dados baseado em evidência, realizados sob criteriosas regras válidas para revisão sistemática e meta-análise devem ser disponibilizados de forma aberta, ou seja, permitindo acesso sem pagamento de taxas, fazendo com que o conhecimento de assuntos de grande interesse a profissionais de saúde e pacientes se globalize.; Objective: To compare the results from a systematic medical review and meta- -analysis on the subject of pregnancy and multiple sclerosis (MS) with an internet review based on lay sites conducted by experts in computer-mediated communication...

Systematic review versus internet search: considerations about availability and reliability of medical information regarding pregnancy in women with multiple sclerosis

Fragoso,Yara Dadalti; Fragoso,Suely Dadalti; Finkelsztejn,Alessandro; Brooks,Joseph Bruno Bidin; Rebs,Rebeca Recupero
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results from a systematic medical review and meta-analysis on the subject of pregnancy and multiple sclerosis (MS) with an internet review based on lay sites conducted by experts in computer-mediated communication, on the same subject. METHODS: The two reviews were carried out independently in English. Three medical doctors with experience in systematic reviews and two communication experts with experience in internet searching tools performed the study. RESULTS: Data from the medical systematic review showed some differences from that of highly accessed websites. CONCLUSION: Evidence-based studies conducted under the strictest rules for careful systematic reviews and meta-analyses should be available with open access, i.e. accessible without payment of a fee, thereby enabling worldwide knowledge on matters of great interest to healthcare providers and patients.

The modified Ottawa method to establish the update need of a systematic review: glass-ionomer versus resin sealants for caries prevention

Mickenautsch,Steffen; Yengopal,Veerasamy
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the application of the modified Ottawa method by establishing the update need of a systematic review with focus on the caries preventive effect of GIC versus resin pit and fissure sealants; to answer the question as to whether the existing conclusions of this systematic review are still current; to establish whether a new update of this systematic review was needed. METHODS: Application of the Modified Ottawa method. Application date: April/May 2012. RESULTS: Four signals aligned with the criteria of the modified Ottawa method were identified. The content of these signals suggest that higher precision of the current systematic review results might be achieved if an update of the current review were conducted at this point in time. However, these signals further indicate that such systematic review update, despite its higher precision, would only confirm the existing review conclusion that no statistically significant difference exists in the caries-preventive effect of GIC and resin-based fissure sealants. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, this study demonstrated the modified Ottawa method as an effective tool in establishing the update need of the systematic review. In addition, it was established that the conclusions of the systematic review in relation to the caries preventive effect of GIC versus resin based fissure sealants are still current...

The accuracy of influenza A (H1N1) "swine flu" laboratory testing: a systematic review of diagnostic test accuracy.

White, Sarahlouise
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
Background: Influenza A (H1N1) recently became pandemic, highlighting the need for a cheap and accurate diagnostic test to diagnose this virus in a clinically relevant timeframe. The current reference standard (viral culture) requires a significant degree of technical expertise, laboratory time, resources and can take up to 10 days to obtain a result, during which time there could be a significant spread of infection. The objective of this study was to obtain summary estimates of the diagnostic accuracy of currently available laboratory tests compared to viral culture for the diagnosis of Influenza A (H1N1) from respiratory samples. Search Strategy: Diagnostic tests are still poorly indexed by major databases; therefore the search strategy was deliberately very broad. A range of databases of both published and Grey Literature were searched, using both Medical Subject Headings and text words. The reference lists of included studies and review articles were also searched for additional studies. Selection Criteria: Studies that compared the diagnostic accuracy of any laboratory test (index test) compared to viral culture as the reference test were considered for inclusion. The inclusion criteria required each patient to undergo both the index and reference test...

The experience of older people permanently relocating from their home in the community to a long term care facility: a systematic review.

Richards, Stephen
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
Objective: To systematically review the qualitative research relating to the experiences of older adults permanently relocating from their home to a long term care facility (LTCF). Methods: A systematic review of qualitative research using the methodology developed by the Joanna Briggs Institute. Inclusion criteria for studies included publication in peer reviewed journals, English language papers and permanent relocation to a long term care facility within one year of the study. Results: Following the search and appraisal phase of the systematic review a total of 14 studies (presented in a total of 15 peer reviewed journal articles) were identified for inclusion in the review. The studies covered a period of 25 years and were from 6 different countries. Study methodologies include grounded theory(5), phenomenological studies(5), case study(1), life history(1), content analysis(1) and descriptive study(1). From the studies a total of 62 findings were extracted which were categorized into 11 groups based on common themes. From the 11 categories 5 synthesized findings were identified. These related to the decision making process for relocation, aspects of deep loss and dislocation experienced by many people, the importance of maintaining control and autonomy in relation to life in the facility...

Setting a regulated suction pressure for endotracheal suctioning: a systematic review.

Arbon, David
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
The Thesis has set out to synthesise a recommendation with regard to the setting of a safe yet effective vacuum/suction level, for the performance of endotracheal suctioning of intubated and mechanically ventilated patients in the acute care environment, from a systematic review of human studies. Specifically the systematic review has sought to answer the following questions: • What is the best evidence for regulating vacuum pressure in the performance of endotracheal suctioning? • What is the best evidence for regulating vacuum pressure for endotracheal suction as opposed to setting no regulated pressure in the performance of endotracheal suctioning? • What is the best evidence for a limit to which vacuum should be regulated for endotracheal suction? • To what extent does the developed airflow impact on the safety and effectiveness of the suction apparatus? We have first examined the delivery of suction to the patient by examining hospital suction systems and the physics of suction/vacuum before a review of the relevant anatomy of the human airway and how these may affect one, the other. While the Systematic Review has focused on extracting data from studies of the effect of setting a regulated suction/vacuum pressure in human subjects...

Nurse-led clinics as an effective service for cardiac patients: results from a systematic review

Schadewaldt, V.; Schultz, T.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Asia Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
AIM: The article summarises results of a systematic review on the effectiveness of nurse-led clinics for patients with coronary heart disease. The objective was to present the best available evidence related to effective interventions in nurse-led cardiac clinics including patient education, risk factor assessment and continuity of care. METHODS: Following the principles of the Cochrane Collaboration for systematic reviews on effectiveness, this is an update to a previously published review. Thirty databases, relevant journals and hand searching of reference lists were the basis for a comprehensive literature search for the period September 2002 to March 2008. Assessment of methodological quality, data extraction and synthesis was undertaken using a systematic review management tool (JBI-SUMARI). When possible, data was pooled in a meta-analysis. RESULTS: The systematic review is based on seven randomised controlled trials. Inconsistencies of interventions executed in nurse-led clinics and various effects on the outcomes make a comparison difficult. The major nurse-led intervention applied in the clinics consisted of health education, counselling behaviour change and promotion of a healthy lifestyle. There were no harmful effects on patients with coronary heart disease identified when exposed to a nurse-led clinic. A few risk factors were significantly reduced in the short term by attending nurse-led clinics...

The health risks associated with prolonged sedentary behaviour: a systematic review.

Heaslop, Margaret Jane Anne
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
Sedentary behaviour is associated with an increased risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and a range of other adverse health outcomes. However, few systematic reviews or meta-analyses have synthesised the evidence of sedentary behaviour and adverse health outcomes in adults. This systematic review differed from other systematic reviews in that it included only prospective studies with clearly defined measurements of prolonged sedentary behaviour in otherwise healthy adults. A comprehensive search of major databases for studies measuring cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes identified 19 prospective studies, 16 of which were included after critical appraisal. The review revealed difficulties in identifying a consistent and unified definition of sedentary behaviour, and ambiguities in quantifying sedentary behaviour due to methodological limitations. Despite this, the results suggested that prolonged sedentary behaviour in adults, particularly sitting for more than three hours at a time, was consistently and strongly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality, and — to a lesser degree — type 2 diabetes mellitus; these associations appeared to be independent of a range of age...

Interventions to reduce anxiety, distress, and the need for sedation in pediatric patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging: a systematic review

Munn, Z.; Jordan, Z.
Fonte: Elsevier Inc Publicador: Elsevier Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans can experience anxiety, claustrophobia, and fear during the scanning experience and often require sedation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to determine what strategies are effective in reducing fear, anxiety, and claustrophobia and reduce the need for sedation in children undergoing MRI. METHODS: A quantitative systematic review, according to the methodology of the Joanna Briggs Institute, was carried out. A systematic search of a number of databases was performed. Studies were then screened and critically appraised by two independent reviewers before being included in the review. RESULTS: In total, eight studies met the inclusion criteria for the review, which assessed the following interventions: mock MRI, audiovisual (AV) systems, open MRI, photo diary, and cognitive strategies. Open MRI, mock MRI, AV systems, cognitive behavioral therapies, guided imagery, and pediatric preparation booklets were all found to have some positive effect on at least one outcome. CONCLUSION: Health care professionals working with children undergoing MRI may consider some of the strategies included in this review to implement in their practice to reduce anxiety and increase patient comfort...

Fasciotomy wounds associated with acute compartment syndrome: a systematic review of effective management.

Walker, Margaret
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
Objectives: To systematically review the effectiveness of different treatment options for managing a fasciotomy wound on outcomes, including time to primary wound healing, percentage of patients who need skin grafts to effect closure of the wound and length of stay in hospital following the fasciotomies, in patients with acute compartment syndrome of the limb(s). Methods: Published and unpublished English language papers about human subjects from January 1960 to June 2012 were identified using electronic searches of medical and nursing databases. Reference lists of relevant articles were also searched. A systematic review of the papers found was conducted. Results: Thirty-two papers met the inclusion criteria and passed critical appraisal. One randomised controlled trial (RCT) was analysed separately and four cohort studies were meta-analysed. The RCT favoured the use of shoelace technique over negative pressure wound therapy based on a range of indicators. The cohort studies favoured the use of negative pressure wound therapy over saline soaked gauze on a range of indicators. Conclusion: The systematic review found limited evidence on which to base practice decisions. The single RCT needs to be replicated to confirm findings before practice change can be confidently recommended. The evidence provided some support for the use of vessel loop shoelace technique to improve the chances of achieving a primary wound closure without the need for a split thickness skin graft and to reduce length of stay when compared with negative pressure wound management. The use of negative pressure wound management appears to be associated with a higher rate of split thickness skin graft than vessel loop shoelace. Saline soaked gauze is not recommended for use with these wounds.; Thesis (M.Clin.Sc.) -- University of Adelaide...

Caregiving experiences of families living with persons with schizophrenia: a systematic review

Tungpunkom, P.; Napa, W.; Chaniang, S.; Srikhachin, P.
Fonte: University of Adelaide Publicador: University of Adelaide
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
Background Living with and caring for patient with schizophrenia is difficult, often long-term responsibilities. These caregiving experiences have been studied in a holistic and meaningful manner by using qualitative approaches. Aims, objectives This systematic review aims to determine the meaningfulness of caregiving experiences of families living with person with schizophrenia. Background Schizophrenia is one of the most severe chronic mental illnesses, characterized by a disintegration of the process of thinking and of emotional responsiveness. Families are often required to play the major role of taking responsibility for caring for these patients. Objectives The objective of this review was to synthesize the best available evidence on the meaningfulness of caregiving experiences of families living with and taking care of persons with schizophrenia. Inclusion criteria Types of participants Family members of a person, years and older, who has been diagnosed with schizophrenia for at least six months. Types of intervention, s, phenomena of interest The review considered qualitative studies that explore caregiving experiences of families of persons with schizophrenia that related to their caring for, or living with, their family member with schizophrenia. These experiences included caring tasks...

Interventions to reduce anxiety, distress and the need for sedation in adult patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging: a systematic review

Munn, Z.; Jordan, Z.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
PURPOSE: Adults undergoing MRI scans can experience anxiety, claustrophobia and fear during the scanning experience and, in some cases, require sedation. The aim of this systematic review was to determine what strategies are effective in reducing fear, anxiety and claustrophobia, and the need for sedation in adults undergoing MRI. METHODS: A quantitative systematic review, according to the methodology of the Joanna Briggs Institute, was carried out. A systematic search of a number of databases was performed. Studies were then screened and critically appraised by two independent reviewers before being included in the review. RESULTS: In total, 21 studies met the inclusion criteria for the review, which assessed the following interventions: MRI design features, cognitive-behavioural strategies, prone positioning, information, fragrance administration and team training. All of these had some positive impact on outcomes. CONCLUSION: Healthcare professionals working with adults undergoing MRI may consider some of the strategies included in this review to implement in their practice to reduce anxiety and increase patient comfort while reducing the need for sedation.; Zachary Munn, Zoe Jordan

Collaborative care for the treatment of comorbid depression and coronary heart disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol

Tully, P.J.; Baumeister, H.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
BACKGROUND: Depression and coronary heart disease (CHD) are frequently comorbid and portend higher morbidity, mortality and poorer quality of life. Prior systematic reviews of depression treatment randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the population with CHD have not assessed the efficacy of collaborative care. This systematic review aims to bring together the contemporary research on the effectiveness of collaborative care interventions for depression in comorbid CHD populations. METHODS/DESIGN: Electronic databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL) will be searched using a sensitive search strategy exploding the topics CHD, depression and RCT. Full text inspection and bibliography searching will be conducted, and authors of included studies will be contacted to identify unpublished studies. Eligibility criteria are: population, depression comorbid with CHD; intervention, RCT of collaborative care defined as a coordinated model of care involving multidisciplinary health care providers, including: (a) primary physician and at least one other health professional (e.g. nurse, psychiatrist, psychologist), (b) a structured patient management plan that delivers either pharmacological or non-pharmacological intervention...

Concepções de saúde e cuidado de práticas integrativas/complementares e humanizadoras na atenção básica: uma revisão sistemática; Conceptions of health and care of integrative / complementary and humanizing practices in primary health care: a systematic review

Schveitzer, Mariana Cabral
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
Profissionais são multiplicadores de conhecimento e de concepções de cuidado e saúde. A variedade destas concepções de cuidado e saúde interfere nas práticas assistenciais e no desenvolvimento de políticas públicas. Com isso, pode-se gerar dificuldades, como no desenvolvimento das práticas integrativas/complementares e humanizadoras na Atenção Básica. No Brasil, desde 2006, políticas foram publicadas para transformar as práticas de cuidado, no sentido de acolher e empoderar os usuários, valorizar a integralidade, o protagonismo dos sujeitos e as diferentes racionalidades médicas, como a Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas/PNPIC e a HumanizaSUS. Essas duas políticas apresentam práticas que podem nos auxiliar a repensar concepções de cuidado e saúde na Atenção Básica. O objetivo desta tese foi construir, a partir da revisão sistemática, quais são as concepções de saúde e cuidado subjacentes às práticas integrativas/complementares e humanizadoras para o atendimento na Atenção Básica. Método: Revisão Sistemática e Metassíntese. Esta revisão considerou estudos que abordaram atitudes/crenças de profissionais da saúde sobre prática/uso de práticas integrativas/complementares e humanizadoras na Atenção Básica. Fontes de informação: artigos científicos publicados nas seguintes bases de dados: AMED...

Role, implementation, and effectiveness of advanced allied health assistants: a systematic review

Stanhope, J.; Pearce, C.
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
Background: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness and implementation of advanced allied health assistant roles. Methods: A systematic search of seven databases and Google Scholar was conducted to identify studies published in English peer-reviewed journals from 2003 to 2013 and reporting on the effectiveness and implementation of advanced allied health assistant (A/AHA) roles. Reference lists were also screened to identify additional studies, and the authors’ personal collections of studies were searched. Studies were allocated to the National Health and Medical Research Council hierarchy of evidence, and appraisal of higher-level studies (III-1 and above) conducted using the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine Systematic Review Critical Appraisal Sheet for included systematic reviews or the PEDro scale for level II and III-1 studies. Data regarding country, A/AHA title, disciplines, competencies, tasks, level of autonomy, clients, training, and issues regarding the implementation of these roles were extracted, as were outcomes used and key findings for studies investigating their effectiveness. Results: Fifty-three studies were included, and most because they reported background information rather than investigating A/AHA roles...

Measuring autistic traits in the general population: a systematic review of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) in a nonclinical population sample of 6,900 typical adult males and females

Ruzich, E.; Allison, Carrie; Smith, Paula; Watson, Peter; Auyeung, Bonnie; Ring, Howard; Baron-Cohen, Simon
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Article; published version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
This is the final version. It was first published by BioMed Central at http://www.molecularautism.com/content/6/1/2.; The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) is a self-report measure of autistic traits. It is frequently cited in diverse fields and has been administered to adults of at least average intelligence with autism and to nonclinical controls, as well as to clinical control groups such as those with schizophrenia, prosopagnosia, anorexia, and depression. However, there has been no empirical systematic review of the AQ since its inception in 2001. The present study reports a comprehensive systematic review of the literature to estimate a reliable mean AQ score in individuals without a diagnosis of an autism spectrum condition (ASC), in order to establish a reference norm for future studies. A systematic search of computerized databases was performed to identify studies that administered the AQ to nonclinical participant samples representing the adult male and female general population. Inclusion was based on a set of formalized criteria that evaluated the quality of the study, the usage of the AQ, and the population being assessed. After selection, 73 articles, detailing 6,934 nonclinical participants, as well as 1,963 matched clinical cases of ASC (from available cohorts within each individual study)...

Systematic review versus internet search: considerations about availability and reliability of medical information regarding pregnancy in women with multiple sclerosis

Fragoso,Yara Dadalti; Fragoso,Suely Dadalti; Finkelsztejn,Alessandro; Brooks,Joseph Bruno Bidin; Rebs,Rebeca Recupero
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pós -Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pós -Graduação em Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results from a systematic medical review and meta-analysis on the subject of pregnancy and multiple sclerosis (MS) with an internet review based on lay sites conducted by experts in computer-mediated communication, on the same subject. METHODS: The two reviews were carried out independently in English. Three medical doctors with experience in systematic reviews and two communication experts with experience in internet searching tools performed the study. RESULTS: Data from the medical systematic review showed some differences from that of highly accessed websites. CONCLUSION: Evidence-based studies conducted under the strictest rules for careful systematic reviews and meta-analyses should be available with open access, i.e. accessible without payment of a fee, thereby enabling worldwide knowledge on matters of great interest to healthcare providers and patients.