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Selective Vagal Denervation of the Sinus and Atrioventricular Nodes, Guided by Vagal Reflexes Induced by High Frequency Stimulation, to Treat Refractory Neurally Mediated Syncope

SCANAVACCA, Mauricio; HACHUL, Denise; PISANI, Cristiano; SOSA, Eduardo
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
Vagal Denervation and Neurally Mediated Syncope. A 15-year-old female patient presented with frequent episodes of vasovagal syncope refractory to non-pharmacological and pharmacological measures. Two tilt-table tests performed before and after conventional therapy were positive and reproduced the patient`s clinical symptoms. Selective vagal denervation, guided by HFS, was performed. Six radiofrequency pulses were applied on the left and right sides of the interatrial septum, abolishing vagal responses at these locations. Basal sinus node and Wenckebach cycle lengths changed significantly following ablation. A tilt test performed after denervation was negative and revealed autonomic tone modification. The patient reported significant improvement in quality of life and remained asymptomatic for 9 months after denervation. After this period, three episodes of NMS occurred during a 4-month interval and a tilt test performed 11 months after the procedure demonstrated vagal activity recovery. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 20, pp. 558-563, May 2009).; The Heart Institute of University of Sao Paulo Medical School (USP); Zerbini`s Foundation

Catheter ablation of severe neurally meditated reflex (neurocardiogenic or vasovagal) syncope: cardioneuroablation long-term results

PACHON, M. Jose Carlos; PACHON, M. Enrique Indalecio; PACHON, Maria Zelia Cunha; LOBO, Tasso Julio; PACHON, M. Juan Carlos; SANTILLANA, P. Tomas Guilhermo
Fonte: OXFORD UNIV PRESS Publicador: OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.48%
Aims Neurally meditated reflex or neurocardiogenic or vasovagal syncope (NMS) is usually mediated by a massive vagal reflex. This study reports the long-term outcome of NMS therapy based on endocardial radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of the cardiac vagal nervous system aiming permanent attenuation or elimination of the cardioinhibitory reflex (cardioneuroablation). Methods and results A total of 43 patients (18F/25M, 32.9+/-15 years) without apparent cardiopathy (left ventricular ejection fraction=68.6+/-5%) were included. All had recurrent NMS (4.7+/-2 syncope/patient) with important cardioinhibition (pauses=13.5+/-13 s) at head-up tilt test (HUT), normal electrocardiogram (ECG), and normal atropine test (AT). The patients underwent atrial endocardial RF ablation using spectral mapping to track the neurocardiac interface (AF Nest Mapping). The follow-up (FU) consisted of clinical evaluation, ECG (1 month/every 6 months/or symptoms), Holter (every 6 months/or symptoms), HUT (>= 4 months/or symptoms), and AT (end of ablation and >= 6 months). A total of 44 ablations (48+/-9 points/patient) were performed. Merely three cases of spontaneous syncope occurred in 45.1+/-22 months (two vasodepressor, one undefined). Only four partial cardioinhibitory responses occurred in post-ablation HUT without pauses or asystole (sinus bradycardia). Long-term AT (21.7+/-11 months post) was negative in 33 (76.7%...

"Estudo comparativo entre o tratamento farmacológico, o treinamento físico moderado e o treinamento postural passivo em pacientes portadores de síncope neurocardiogênica" ; Comparative study among pharmacological treatment, mild exercise training and tilt training in neurocardiogenic syncope patients

Gardenghi, Giulliano
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/03/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Estudo comparativo entre o tratamento farmacológico, o treinamento físico moderado e o treinamento postural passivo em pacientes portadores de síncope neurocardiogênica. A síncope neurocardiogênica é uma disfunção autonômica que leva a hipotensão e perda de consciência. Setenta pacientes foram randomizados em 4 grupos: controle, treinamento físico, treinamento postural e tratamento farmacológico. Avaliou-se recorrência clínica, índices de ansiedade e a sensibilidade barorreflexa para a freqüência cardíaca e atividade nervosa simpática muscular. Ocorreu diminuição da recorrência nos 4 grupos. Diminuição da ansiedade foi observada em 3 grupos, exceto no grupo controle. O treinamento físico melhorou a sensibilidade barorreflexa ; Neurocardiogenic syncope is an autonomic disfunction that leads to hypotension and loss of conciousness. Seventy patients were randomized in 4 groups: control, physical training, tilt training and pharmacological treatment. Clinical outcome, anxiety levels and baroreflex sensitivity for heart rate and muscle sympathetic nervous activity were evaluated. Lower recurrence rates were obtained in all groups. Anxiety levels decrease was achieved in 3 groups, except controls. Physical training improved baroreflex sensitivity

Avaliação da função autonômica em portadores de cardiomiopatia hipertrófica com e sem síncope; Assessment of autonomic nervous function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with and without syncope

Costa, Milena Frota Macatrão
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/03/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.55%
INTRODUÇÃO: Síncope inexplicada é considerada um fator de risco de morte súbita na cardiomiopatia hipertrófica (CMH). Em sua patogênese estão envolvidos meca-nismos diversos, incluindo a dificuldade de adaptação da resistência vascular sistêmica ao exercício e ao estresse ortostático, que pode ser influenciada por uma disfunção do sistema nervoso autônomo. Os objetivos deste estudo foram comparar a função nervosa autonômica em portadores de CMH com e sem síncope, bem como avaliar o valor diagnóstico do teste de inclinação (TI) na investigação de síncope nessa população. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos 37 pacientes, 16 com síncope inexplicada à avaliação rotineira e 21 sem síncope. A função nervosa autonômica foi medida pela sensibilidade do barorreflexo (BR) espontâneo e do induzido por fenilefrina e pela variabilidade da freqüência cardíaca (VFC). As variáveis da VFC consideradas no domínio do tempo foram: desvio-padrão de todos os intervalos RR normais (SDNN); raiz quadrada da média do quadrado das diferenças entre intervalos RR normais adjacentes (RMSSD); e percentagem de intervalos RR adjacentes com diferença superior a 50 ms (pNN50), durante o eletrocardiograma de 24 horas. No domínio da freqüência...

Hipersensibilidade do seio carotídeo: prevalência em pacientes com síncope e pré-síncope e comparação com indivíduos assintomáticos; Carotid sinus hypersensitivity: prevalence in patients with syncope and near syncope and comparison with asymptomatic individuals

Wu, Tan Chen
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/04/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.5%
INTRODUÇÃO: A Hipersensibilidade do seio carotídeo (HSC) é a exacerbação do reflexo normal e foi definida como ocorrência de pausa ventricular 3 segundos ou redução da pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) 50 mmHg em resposta à massagem do seio carotídeo (MSC). Fenômeno relacionado à idade, raramente diagnosticado em pacientes com menos de 50 anos, tem recebido especial atenção como causa de síncope e quedas inexplicadas nos idosos, nas últimas décadas, com relatos de taxas de prevalências superiores a 45%. Entretanto, ainda não estão claras as implicações diagnósticas da HSC na síncope, com resultados controversos na literatura. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência da HSC em pacientes com sintomas de síncope e pré-síncope e comparar com indivíduos assintomáticos. Correlacionar a resposta à MSC com a rigidez aórtica e os parâmetros anatômicos e funcionais carotídeos. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados em estudo prospectivo 99 pcts sintomáticos, com síncope ou pré-síncope a esclarecer (idade média de 69 anos, 41,4% homens), e 66 pcts assintomáticos para controle (idade média de 73 anos, 34,8% homens). Excluíram-se pacientes com cardiopatia estrutural ou com contraindicações para MSC. A MSC foi realizada no ponto com maior impulsão carotídea por 5 segundos...

Estudo das características antropométricas e das respostas de frequência cardíaca e pressão arterial, e suas respectivas variabilidades, à manobra postural passiva em pacientes com suspeita clínica de síncope neurocardiogênica; Study of anthropometric characteristics and responses of heart rate and blood pressure, and their variability, induced by passive postural maneuver in patients with clinically suspected neurocardiogenic syncope.

Leite, Mariana Adami
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/10/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.5%
A síncope neurocardiogênica (SNC) é caracterizada por perda transitória da consciência e do controle postural, devido a uma hipoperfusão cerebral global de surgimento abrupto, com recuperação rápida e espontânea do paciente ao retornar à posição horizontal. Entretanto, investigações adicionais são necessárias para melhor avaliação das respostas cardiorrespiratórias e autonômicas de pacientes com SNC submetidos ao Tilt-test. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar, em pacientes com história clínica sugestiva de SNC, os efeitos da mudança postural induzidas pelo Tilt-test na pressão arterial (PA) e frequência cardíaca (FC), na variabilidade cardiocirculatória e na sensibilidade barorreflexa (SBR). Além disso, o estudo também avaliou a relação entre a idade, sexo e características antropométricas dos pacientes com as respostas ao Tilt-test, e a relação entre o tempo do início da mudança postural e o momento da síncope, com um ou mais parâmetros acima mencionados. O estudo foi dividido em 3 partes: 1 Estudo retrospectivo de 180 pacientes, com história clínica sugestiva de SNC, mas que apresentaram Tilt-test positivo (TTP) (128 indivíduos) ou negativo (TTN) (52 indivíduos) para síncope; 2 Estudo da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC)...

Short QT Syndrome Presenting As Syncope: How Short Is Too Short?

Portugal, G; Oliveira, MM; Silva Cunha, P; Filipa, F; Lousinha, A; Fiarresga, A; Nogueira da Silva, M; Cruz Ferreira, R
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
We report the case of a 52-year-old man who presented to our emergency department (ED) after three episodes of syncope in the seven hours before admission. During his stay in the ED he had recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) requiring external electrical cardioversion. A 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) showed a short QT (SQT) interval (270 ms, QTc 327 ms), with frequent R-on-T extrasystoles triggering sustained polymorphic VT. After exclusion of other precipitating causes, the patient was diagnosed as having SQT syndrome (SQTS) according to the Gollob criteria. To our knowledge, this is the first known documentation of an SQT-caused arrhythmic episode on a 12-lead ECG, as well as the first reported case of SQTS in Portugal. The patient received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and was discharged. At a follow-up assessment 14 months later he was symptom-free, interrogation of the device showed no arrhythmic events, and the ECG showed a QT interval of 320 ms (QTc 347 ms).

Short QT Syndrome Presenting As Syncope: How Short Is Too Short?

Portugal, G; Oliveira, MM; Silva Cunha, P; Filipa, F; Lousinha, A; Fiarresga, A; Nogueira da Silva, M; Cruz Ferreira, R
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
We report the case of a 52-year-old man who presented to our emergency department (ED) after three episodes of syncope in the seven hours before admission. During his stay in the ED he had recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) requiring external electrical cardioversion. A 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) showed a short QT (SQT) interval (270 ms, QTc 327 ms), with frequent R-on-T extrasystoles triggering sustained polymorphic VT. After exclusion of other precipitating causes, the patient was diagnosed as having SQT syndrome (SQTS) according to the Gollob criteria. To our knowledge, this is the first known documentation of an SQT-caused arrhythmic episode on a 12-lead ECG, as well as the first reported case of SQTS in Portugal. The patient received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and was discharged. At a follow-up assessment 14 months later he was symptom-free, interrogation of the device showed no arrhythmic events, and the ECG showed a QT interval of 320 ms (QTc 347 ms).

Syncope or epileptic fits? Some examples of diagnostic confounding factors

Kowacs,Pedro André; Silva Júnior,Erasmo Barros da; Santos,Heraldo Laroca dos; Rocha,Samanta Blattes da; Simão,Cristiane; Meneses,Murilo Sousa de; Arruda,Walter Oleschko
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.13%
Syncope is a condition often misdiagnosed as epileptic seizures. However, the differential diagnosis between both conditions can be quite difficult, even for well-trained physicians. Four cases of epilepsy and/or syncope are reported, to exemplify this situation. Each case is discussed individually, and the confounding factors are analyzed.

Glossopharyngeal neuralgia with syncope as a sign of neck cancer recurrence

Ribeiro,Reinaldo Teixeira; Souza,Nilton Amorim de; Carvalho,Deusvenir de Souza
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
Glossopharyngeal neuralgia with syncope as a sign of neck cancer is a very rare condition. A review of the literature revealed only 29 cases formerly reported. We present the first Brazilian case of such association. A 68-year-old man presented with paroxysmal excruciating pain over the right side of the neck, sometimes followed by syncope. Given the suspicion of recurrent tumor from a previously treated neck malignancy, a computed tomography scan was performed and a right parapharyngeal tumor was shown. Pain and syncope were successfully controlled with carbamazepine and the patient underwent palliative radiotherapy.

Diagnostic value of the tilt-table test for the assessment of syncope in children and adolescents

Wu,Tan Chen; Hachul,Denise; Scanavacca,Mauricio; Sosa,Eduardo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
OBJECTIVE - To assess the diagnostic value, the characteristics, and feasibility of tilt-table testing in children and adolescents. METHODS - From August 1991 to June 1997, we retrospectively assessed 94 patients under the age of 18 years who had a history of recurring syncope and presyncope of unknown origin and who were referred for tilt-table testing. These patients were divided into 2 groups: group I (children) - 36 patients with ages ranging from 3 to 12 (mean of 9.19±2.31) years; group II (adolescents) - 58 patients with ages ranging from 13 to 18 (mean of 16.05±1.40) years. We compared the positivity rate, the type of hemodynamic response, and the time period required for the test to become positive in the 2 groups. RESULTS - The positivity rates were 41.6 % and 50% for groups I and II, respectively. The pattern of positive hemodynamic response that predominated in both groups was the mixed response. The mean time period required for the test to become positive was shorter in group I (11.0±7.23 min) than in group II (18.44±7.83 min). No patient experienced technical difficulty or complications. CONCLUSION - No difference was observed in regard to feasibility, positivity rate, and pattern of positive response for the tilt-table test in children and adolescents. Pediatric patients had earlier positive responses.

Does a Role Exist for Tilting-Guided Therapy in the Management of Neurocardiogenic Syncope?

Hachul,Denise; Scanavacca,Mauricio; Sosa,Eduardo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
PURPOSE: Upright tilt-table testing (UTT) is an useful method for identifying patients with neurocardiogenic syncope, but its role in the evaluation of therapeutic efficacy is controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between negative UTT after therapy introduction (acute efficacy) and symptom recurrence during follow-up (chronic efficacy). METHODS: We studied 56 severely symptomatic patients (age 27±19 years) with recurrent (7±12 episodes) neurocardiogenic syncope (positive UTT). Once empirical pharmacological therapy was initiated, all patients underwent another UTT (therapeutic evaluation test - TET). Therapy was not modified after TET results. The probability of symptom recurrence was analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by log-rank test in patients with negative and positive TET. RESULTS: Negative UTT after therapy was related to a significantly lower probability of recurrence during follow-up (4.9 versus 52.4% in 12 months, P<0.0001). CONCLUSION: A good correlation exists between acute and long-term efficacy of pharmacological therapy for neurocardiogenic syncope, so that serial UTT may be considered a good method for identifying an effective therapeutic strategy.

Cardiovascular regulation in the period preceding vasovagal syncope in conscious humans

Julu, P O O; Cooper, V L; Hansen, S; Hainsworth, R
Fonte: Blackwell Science Inc Publicador: Blackwell Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
To study cardiovascular control in the period leading to vasovagal syncope we monitored beat-to-beat blood pressure, heart rate (HR) and forearm blood flow in 14 patients with posturally related syncope, from supine through to tilt-induced pre-syncope. Signals of arterial blood pressure (BP) from a Finapres photoplethysmograph and an electrocardiograph (ECG) were fed into a NeuroScope system for continuous analysis. Non-invasive indices of cardiac vagal tone (CVT) and cardiac sensitivity to baroreflex (CSB) were derived on a beat-to-beat basis from these data. Brachial vascular resistance (VR) was assessed intermittently from brachial blood flow velocity (Doppler ultrasound) divided by mean arterial pressure (MAP). Patients underwent a progressive orthostatic stress test, which continued to pre-syncope and consisted of 20 min head-up tilt (HUT) at 60 deg, 10 min combined HUT and lower body suction (LBNP) at −20 mmHg followed by LBNP at −40 mmHg. Pre-syncope was defined as a fall in BP to below 80 mmHg systolic accompanied by symptoms. Baseline supine values were: MAP (means ± s.e.m.) 84.9 ± 3.2 mmHg; HR, 63.9 ± 3.2 beats min−1; CVT, 10.8 ± 2.6 (arbitrary units) and CSB, 8.2 ± 1.6 ms mmHg−1. HUT alone provoked pre-syncope in 30 % of the patients whilst the remaining 70 % required LBNP. The cardiovascular responses leading to pre-syncope can be described in four phases. Phase 1...

The Yield of Head CT in Syncope: A Pilot Study

Bar, J. L.; Mottley, L.; Grossman, Shamai Aaron; Fischer, Christopher M; Lipsitz, Lewis Arnold; Sands, Kenneth Eliot Frederick; Thompson, Sylvia V; Shapiro, Nathan Ivan; Zimetbaum, Peter J.; Thompson, Sally Wright
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
Although head CT is often routinely performed in emergency department (ED) patients with syncope, few studies have assessed its value. Objectives: To determine the yield of routine head CT in ED patients with syncope and analyse the factors associated with a positive CT. Methods: Prospective, observational, cohort study of consecutive patients presenting with syncope to an urban tertiary-care ED (48 000 annual visits). Inclusion criteria: age >8 and loss of consciousness (LOC). Exclusion criteria included persistent altered mental status, drug-related or post-trauma LOC, seizure or hypoglycaemia. Primary outcome was abnormal head CT including subarachnoid, subdural or parenchymal haemorrhage, infarction, signs of acute stroke and newly diagnosed brain mass. Results: Of 293 eligible patients, 113 (39%) underwent head CT and comprise the study cohort. Ninety-five patients (84%) were admitted to the hospital. Five patients, 5% (95% CI=0.8%–8%), had an abnormal head CT: 2 subarachnoid haemorrhage, 2 cerebral haemorrhage and 1 stroke. Post hoc examination of patients with an abnormal head CT revealed focal neurologic findings in 2 and a new headache in 1. The remaining 2 patients had no new neurologic findings but physical findings of trauma (head lacerations with periorbital ecchymoses suggestive of orbital fractures). All patients with positive findings on CT were >65 years of age. Of the 108 remaining patients who had head CT...

Choosing Wisely for Syncope: Low‐Value Carotid Ultrasound Use

Scott, John W.; Schwartz, Aaron L.; Gates, Jonathan D.; Gerhard‐Herman, Marie; Havens, Joaquim M.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.45%
Background: The United States spends more than $750 billion annually on tests and procedures that do not benefit patients. Although there is no physiological indication for carotid ultrasound in “simple” syncope in the absence of focal neurological signs or symptoms suggestive of stroke, there is concern that this practice remains common for routine syncope workups. Methods and Results: We used a 5% random‐sample Medicare claims database to evaluate large‐scale national trends in utilization of low‐value carotid ultrasound imaging for simple syncope. We found that 16.5% of all Medicare beneficiaries with simple syncope underwent carotid imaging and 6.5% of all carotid ultrasounds ordered in 2009 were for this low‐value indication. These findings were complemented by a manual chart review of 313 patients at a large academic medical center who underwent carotid ultrasound for simple syncope over a 5‐year period. For the 48 (15.4%) of 313 patients with stenosis ≥50%, carotid ultrasound did not yield a causal diagnosis. Only 2% of the 313 patients imaged experienced a change in medications after a positive study, and <1% of patients underwent a carotid revascularization procedure. Conclusions: These data suggest that carotid ultrasound for patients with uncomplicated syncope are still commonly ordered and may be an easy target for institutions striving to curtail low‐value care.

Impacto da síncope na qualidade de vida: validação duma escala de avaliação em doentes submetidos a teste de inclinação em mesa basculante; Impact of syncope on quality of life: validation of a measure in patients undergoing tilt testing

Nave-Leal, Elisabete; Oliveira, Mário; Pais-Ribeiro, José Luís; Santos, Sofia; Oliveira, Eunice; Alves, Teresa; Ferreira, Rui Cruz
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.37%
Introdução e objetivos: A síncope recorrente tem um impacto significativo na qualidade de vida. O desenvolvimento de escalas de medida de fácil aplicabilidade clínica para avaliar este impacto é fundamental. O objetivo do presente estudo é a validação preliminar da escala Impact of Syncope on Quality of Life, para a população portuguesa. Métodos: O instrumento foi submetido a um processo de tradução, validação, adequação cultural e cognitive debriefing. Participaram 39 doentes com história de síncopes recorrentes (>1 ano de evolução), submetidos a teste de inclinação em mesa basculante (teste de tilt), que constitui uma amostra de conveniência, com idade de 52,1±16,4 anos (21-83; 43,5% do sexo masculino), a maioria com uma situação profissional ativa (n=18) ou reformados (n=13). A versão portuguesa resultou numa versão semelhante unidimensional à original com 12 itens agregados num único somatório, tendo passado por validação estatística, com avaliação da fidelidade, validade e estabilidade no tempo. Resultados: Em relação à fidelidade, a consistência interna da escala é de 0,9. Avaliámos a validade convergente, tendo obtido resultados estatisticamente significativos (p<0,01). Avaliámos a validade divergente tendo obtido resultados estatisticamente significativos. Relativamente à estabilidade no tempo foi efetuado um teste-reteste do instrumento aos seis meses após o teste de inclinação com 22 doentes desta amostra não submetidos a intervenção clínica...

The impact of syncope during clinical presentation of sustained ventricular tachycardia on total and cardiac mortality in patients with chronic Chagasic heart disease

Leite,Luiz Roberto; Fenelon,Guilherme; Paes,Ângela Tavares; de Paola,Angelo Amato Vincenzo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of syncope during sustained ventricular tachycardia on total and cardiac mortality in patients with chronic chagasic heart disease. METHODS: We assessed 78 patients with sustained ventricular tachycardia and chronic Chagas' heart disease. The mean age was 53±10 years, 45 were males, and the mean ejection fraction was 49.6±13%. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence (GI=45) or absence (GII=33) of syncope during sustained ventricular tachycardia. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up of 49 months, total mortality was 35% (28 deaths), 22 deaths having a cardiac cause (78.6%). No difference was observed in total (33.3% x 39.4%) and cardiac (26.7% x 30.3%) mortality, or in nonfatal sustained ventricular tachycardia between GI and GII patients (57.6% x 54.4%, respectively). However, the presence of syncope during recurrences was significantly greater in those patients who had had the symptom from the beginning (65.4% x 18.1%, p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Syncope during the presentation of sustained ventricular tachycardia is not associated with an increase in total or cardiac mortality in patients with chronic Chagas' heart disease. However, syncope during the recurrence ventricular tachycardia is greater in patients experiencing syncope in the first episode...

Syncope in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy without apparent cardiovascular disease

Alves-Leon,Soniza Vieira; Pinto,Moises Pereira; Andraus,Maria Emilia Cosenza; Pereira,Valeria Coelho Santa Rita; Meira,Isabella D'Andrea; Oliveira,Raquel de Carvalho; Villas Boas,Shaylla; Rego,Claudia Cecilia da Silva; Souza,Jorge Paes Barreto Marcondes d
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.37%
Epilepsy and syncope are clinical conditions with high prevalence rates in the general population, and the differential diagnosis between them is difficult. Objective To assess the frequency of syncope in patients diagnosed with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) without appa­rent heart disease, to investigate the relationship between clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) changes, and to verify the role of the inclination test (IT). Method An open, prospective study from 2004 to 2006, including 35 consecutive patients from the Epilepsy Program of Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho who were diagnosed with DRE without apparent heart disease. Results The frequency of syncope was 25.7% (n=9), with a significant prevalence in women. Vasovagal syncope (VVS) was the most frequent diagnosis. Conclusion We found a significant association between syncope and the presence of autonomic symptoms (p=0.005). The IT plays an important role in the differential diagnosis of patients with DRE presenting with autonomic symptoms, regardless of EEG results and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities.

Prolonged QT Interval, Syncope, and Delirium with Galantamine

Fisher, Alex; Davis, Michael W
Fonte: Harvey Whitney Books Company Publicador: Harvey Whitney Books Company
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of QT interval prolongation, syncope, and delirium associated with galantamine use and to analyze similar cases related to acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChIs) reported to the Australian Adverse Drug Reaction Advisory Comm

An approach to the clinical assessment and management of syncope in adults

Ntusi,N A B; Coccia,C B I; Cupido,B J; Chin,A
Fonte: SAMJ: South African Medical Journal Publicador: SAMJ: South African Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 EN
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Syncope, defined as a brief loss of consciousness due to an abrupt fall in cerebral perfusion, remains a frequent reason for medical presentation. The goals of the clinical assessment of a patient with syncope are twofold: (i) to identify the precise cause in order to implement a mechanism-specific and effective therapeutic strategy; and (ii) to quantify the risk to the patient, which depends on the underlying disease, rather than the mechanism of the syncope. Hence, a structured approach to the patient with syncope is required. History-taking remains the most important aspect of the clinical assessment. The classification of syncope is based on the underlying pathophysiological mechanism causing the event, and includes cardiac, orthostatic and reflex (neurally mediated) mechanisms. Reflex syncope can be categorised into vasovagal syncope (from emotional or orthostatic stress), situational syncope (due to specific situational stressors), carotid sinus syncope (from pressure on the carotid sinus, e.g. shaving or a tight collar), and atypical reflex syncope (episodes of syncope or reflex syncope that cannot be attributed to a specific trigger or syncope with an atypical presentation). Cardiovascular causes of syncope may be structural (mechanical) or electrical. Orthostatic hypotension is caused by an abnormal drop in systolic blood pressure upon standing...