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Large vector spaces of block-symmetric strong linearizations of matrix polynomials

Bueno, M. I.; Martínez Dopico, Froilan C.; Furtado, S.; Rychnovsky, M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em 15/07/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
Given a matrix polynomial P(lambda) = Sigma(k)(i=0) lambda(i) A(i) of degree k, where A(i) are n x n matrices with entries in a field F, the development of linearizations of P(lambda) that preserve whatever structure P(lambda) might posses has been a very active area of research in the last decade. Most of the structure-preserving linearizations of P(lambda) discovered so far are based on certain modifications of block-symmetric linearizations. The block-symmetric linearizations of P(lambda) available in the literature fall essentially into two classes: linearizations based on the so-called Fiedler pencils with repetition, which form a finite family, and a vector space of dimension k of block-symmetric pencils, called DL(P), such that most of its pencils are linearizations. One drawback of the pencils in DL(P) is that none of them is a linearization when P(lambda) is singular. In this paper we introduce new vector spaces of block,symmetric pencils, most of which are strong linearizations of P(lambda). The dimensions of these spaces are O(n(2)), which, for n >= root k, are much larger than the dimension of DL(P). When k is odd, many of these vector spaces contain linearizations also when P(lambda) is singular. The coefficients of the block-symmetric pencils in these new spaces can be easily constructed as k x k block-matrices whose n x n blocks are of the form 0...

On a Class of Matrix Pencils and $\ell$-ifications Equivalent to a Given Matrix Polynomial

Bini, Dario A.; Robol, Leonardo
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
A new class of linearizations and $\ell$-ifications for $m\times m$ matrix polynomials $P(x)$ of degree $n$ is proposed. The $\ell$-ifications in this class have the form $A(x) = D(x) + (e\otimes I_m) W(x)$ where $D$ is a block diagonal matrix polynomial with blocks $B_i(x)$ of size $m$, $W$ is an $m\times qm$ matrix polynomial and $e=(1,\ldots,1)^t\in\mathbb C^q$, for a suitable integer $q$. The blocks $B_i(x)$ can be chosen a priori, subjected to some restrictions. Under additional assumptions on the blocks $B_i(x)$ the matrix polynomial $A(x)$ is a strong $\ell$-ification, i.e., the reversed polynomial of $A(x)$ defined by $A^\#(x) := x^{\mathrm{deg} A(x)} A(x^{-1})$ is an $\ell$-ification of $P^\#(x)$. The eigenvectors of the matrix polynomials $P(x)$ and $A(x)$ are related by means of explicit formulas. Some practical examples of $\ell$-ifications are provided. A strategy for choosing $B_i(x)$ in such a way that $A(x)$ is a well conditioned linearization of $P(x)$ is proposed. Some numerical experiments that validate the theoretical results are reported; Comment: 20 pages, 8 figures