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A função social da empresa e a composição de interesses na sociedade limitada; Firm social function na the composition of interests in the private limited partnership

Matias, João Luis Nogueira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/05/2009 PT
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Através do presente trabalho, demonstra-se que a função social da empresa é o fundamento e a justificativa para o reconhecimento e a proteção de interesses alheios aos dos sócios na sociedade limitada. Nos três primeiros capítulos, o objetivo é apontar qual o fundamento teórico da funcionalização do direito de propriedade, quais corolários dela decorrem e qual a sua importância para o exercício da empresa. Defende-se que a função social da propriedade é imperativo decorrente da ordem jurídica do mercado, moldada principalmente pelo princípio da solidariedade social. Por sua vez, a função social da empresa é corolário da função social da propriedade. Sustenta-se que a funcionalização do exercício da empresa repercute no exercício da atividade empresarial, acarretando obrigações positivas e negativas aos sócios majoritários (controladores) e administradores das sociedades empresárias, assim como incide sobre o exercício do direito de propriedade de parcelas do capital, do que decorrem obrigações atinentes aos sócios. A partir do capítulo quarto, objetiva-se sistematizar a composição de interesses na sociedade limitada, em abordagem que inclui tanto os conflitos que envolvem os sócios entre si...

Os mútuos dos sócios e acionistas na falência das sociedades limitadas e anônimas; The loans of partners and shareholders in the bankruptcy proceedings of limited liability partnerships and corporations

Costa, Patrícia Barbi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/10/2009 PT
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Este trabalho propõe-se a analisar os mútuos como direitos creditórios dos sócios das sociedades limitadas e dos acionistas das sociedades anônimas na legislação nacional e o tratamento dado pela legislação falimentar brasileira a esses direitos de crédito, à luz dos mesmos conceitos existentes no Direito Comparado, especificamente na Alemanha e nos Estados Unidos da América. A eleição dos referidos dois países para a análise do Direito alienígena justifica-se porque: (i) a Lei de Insolvência Alemã (Insolvenzordnung InsO), de 5.10.1994, em vigor desde 1.1.1999 e editada em substituição à antiga legislação datada de 1877, que previa os institutos da falência e concordata de forma muito semelhante ao sistema falimentar brasileiro do Decreto-lei nº 7.661, de 21.6.1945 (Decreto-lei 7.661/45), veio a regulamentar os institutos da recuperação e liquidação de empresas, com objetivos também muito semelhantes aos da Lei nº 11.101, de 9.2.2005 (Lei de Recuperação de Empresas e Falências), tendo ainda passado por recente reforma em novembro de 2008; (ii) o Bankruptcy Code, que compõe o Título 11 do United States Code, em vigor desde a reforma inserida no sistema concursal norte-americano por meio do Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978...

Desafios e possibilidades de realização da concentração social no Brasil à luz das experiências italiana e espanhola; Challenges and possibilities of social concertation in Brazil in light of the Italian and Spanish experiences

Fioravante, Tamira Maira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/05/2011 PT
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A presente tese visa demonstrar que, à luz da experiência vivida pela Itália pela Espanha, a concertação social pode ser um instrumento bastante útil para o enfrentamento de diversos temas de política social e econômica. Todavia o pleno reconhecimento da liberdade sindical é imprescindível para que a concertação social seja realizada de maneira legítima, pois somente mediante a existência de interlocutores verdadeiramente representativos, governo e atores sociais consiguirão manter entendimentos socialmente vinculantes e que sejam capazes de espelhar a realidade social. O Brasil não reconhece plenamente a liberdade sindical e por tal motivo, as tentativas de concertação social realizadas a partir da segunda metade da década de 1980 não contaram com o efetivo envolvimento das partes sociais. Mesmo assim, o país progrediu desde então, e atualmente gera grande interesse por parte da comunidade internacional. Não obstante, para que o Brasil aprofunde o processo da integração regional, bem como conquiste uma posição de efetivo destaque e influência no contexto internacional, é fundamental o reconhecimento pleno da liberdade sindical, o que permitirá finalizar a transição democrática, bem como a celebração de pactos sociais legítimos...

O mercado de trabalho e a seguridade social na Holanda e na Dinamarca sob o contexto Europeu; The labour market and the social security in the Netherlands and Denmark under the European context

Giovana Carolina de Resende Pinto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/02/2008 PT
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Nas últimas décadas, a Europa vêm sofrendo profundas alterações no seu cenário sócio-econômico e no mercado de trabalho. Fatores como a integração européia, a mudança na composição das famílias, o envelhecimento demográfico, a globalização do capital, entre outros, vêm alterando de forma severa a condução e formulação da política social européia. Paralelo a essas alterações, o mercado de trabalho vêm presenciando mudanças profundas na sua composição e regulação, tais como mudanças na legislação trabalhista, flexibilização na conformação dos contratos de trabalho, maior participação da mulher no mercado de trabalho, etc. Por estarem diretamente integrados com o bem-estar social, esses fatores estão juntos na ordem do dia e da agenda dos policy makers e dos parceiros sociais europeus. A principal preocupação dos países membros tornou-se enfrentar os desafios mútuos de combate ao alto desemprego e conformar de um sistema de proteção social mais moderno e adaptado que acompanhe as alterações da estrutura regulatória do mercado de trabalho sem prejudicar a seguridade e o bem-estar da sociedade. Esse trabalho visa atentar para a singularidade da flexibilidade do mercado de trabalho e a evolução do sistema de seguridade social e do emprego na Holanda e na Dinamarca sob o contexto de mudanças nas diretrizes do mercado de trabalho e da política social no cenário europeu. Trata-se de uma reflexão sobre o estado de ?flexicurity? desenvolvido nesses países...

A Formação do capital social baseada em organizações intensivas em conhecimento como fator de desenvolvimento local

Silva, Deborah Bernett Leal da
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 117 p.| il., grafs., tabs.
POR
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Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia e Gestão do Conhecimento, Florianópolis, 2010; Apoiados em estudos interdisciplinares e pesquisas exploratórias quali-quantitativas, o objetivo do presente trabalho é explorar a problemática da formação do capital social baseada em organizações intensivas em conhecimento como fator de desenvolvimento local sustentável. Sabe-se que o capital social vem recebendo maior atenção por parte da literatura sobre o desenvolvimento em diversas áreas. No que se refere ao tema, o capital social assume um papel relevante para situações onde a cooperação e o consenso entre os atores sociais seja um fator capaz de respostas sustentáveis para a sociedade. O trabalho apresenta uma revisão teórica de literatura, ressaltando o capital social, as redes sociais, as organizações intensivas em conhecimento e suas dimensões constitutivas de análises dos ativos intangíveis, relacionadas com o desenvolvimento local sustentável. Apresenta-se um estudo de caso, utilizando-se indicadores de capital social para compreender questões de desenvolvimento local sustentável gerado por um agente conector entre as organizações intensivas em conhecimento e a sociedade. Mais além...

Saving the Best for Last: How Adults Treat Social Partners of Different Ages

Fingerman, Karen; Miller, Laura; Charles, Susan
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2008 EN
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Older adults report more positive feelings and fewer problems in their relationships than do younger adults. These positive experiences may partially reflect how people treat older adults. Social partners may treat older adults more kindly due to their sense that time remaining to interact with these older adults is limited. Younger (n = 87, aged 22 to 35) and older participants (n = 89, aged 65 to 77) indicated how positively they would behave (i.e., express affection, proffer respect, send sentimental cards) and what types of conflict strategies they would use in response to hypothetical negative interactions with two close social partners, a younger adult and an older adult. Multilevel models revealed that participants were more avoidant and less confrontational when interacting with older adults than when interacting with younger adults. Time perspective of the relationship partially mediated these age differences. Young and older participants also were more likely to select sentimental cards for older partners than for younger partners. Findings build on socioemotional selectivity theory and the social input model to suggest that social partners facilitate better relationships in late life.

Choosing Social Partners: How Old Age and Anticipated Endings Make People More Selective

Fredrickson, Barbara L.; Carstensen, Laura L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1990 EN
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Carstensen’s selectivity theory, which explains age-related change in social behavior in terms of emotion conservation and increasing discrimination among social partners, was investigated in 2 studies. In Study 1, 80 people aged 14 to 95 classified descriptions of people according to their similarities as social partners. Three-way multidimensional scaling revealed that people primarily organized social partners in terms of affect anticipated in the interaction and that this dimension was most important to older people. Study 2 showed how anticipated social endings influence partner selection: 380 people aged 11 to 92 chose familiar or novel partners under unspecified and ending conditions. Overall, older people chose familiar partners most frequently; yet when social endings were salient, younger people patterned the preferences of the elderly. These results suggest that social partner selectivity functions to conserve emotion resources in the face of limited future opportunities.

“I pick you”: the impact of fairness and race on infants’ selection of social partners

Burns, Monica P.; Sommerville, Jessica A.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/02/2014 EN
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By 15 months of age infants are sensitive to violations of fairness norms as assessed via their enhanced visual attention to unfair versus fair outcomes in violation-of-expectation paradigms. The current study investigated whether 15-month-old infants select social partners on the basis of prior fair versus unfair behavior, and whether infants integrate social selections on the basis of fairness with the race of the distributors and recipients involved in the exchange. Experiment 1 demonstrated that after witnessing one adult distribute toys to two recipients fairly (2:2 distribution), and another adult distribute toys to two recipients unfairly (1:3 distribution), Caucasian infants selected fair over unfair distributors when both distributors were Caucasian; however, this preference was not present when the fair actor was Asian and the unfair actor was Caucasian. In Experiment 2, when fairness, the race of the distributor, and the race of the recipients were fully crossed, Caucasian infants’ social selections varied as a function of the race of the recipient advantaged by the unfair distributor. Specifically, infants were more likely to select the fair distributor when the unfair recipient advantaged the Asian (versus the Caucasian) recipient. These findings provide evidence that infants select social partners on the basis of prior fair behavior and that infants also take into account the race of distributors and recipients when making their social selections.

Social Perspective Taking

Roan, Linda; Strong, Beret; Foss, Paulette; Yager, Mark; Gehlbach, Hunter; Metcalf, Kimberly A.
Fonte: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences Publicador: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
Tipo: Research Paper or Report
EN_US
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The current mindset of the Army is that it must be able to win our Nation’s wars while at the same time ready to assist in stability operations (U.S. Department of the Army, 2008). A challenge is that Soldiers often have to bridge large cultural gaps and may lack the language skills to effectively engage with the host of individuals now present in these operations including the local populace, host nation security forces, coalition partners and other foreign governmental and nongovernmental agencies. Perspective taking – described more formally as “Social Perspective Taking” (SPT) – is an interpersonal technique which may address these challenges. SPT is a skill often learned throughout life but may be very difficult in cross-cultural interactions. This report describes the results of a literature review and SME and Soldier interviews regarding the knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) needed to develop SPT and the methods used to train SPT. Based on this information a four module curriculum is proposed which utilizes a four-step method for the development of SPT. The curriculum trains Soldiers how to accurately consider the host-national’s perspective without cultural bias and erroneous assumptions and allows Soldiers to meet host-national goals while accomplishing U.S. missions and objectives.

Conceptualising "The information society"

Bannon, Liam
Fonte: Economic and Social Research Institute Publicador: Economic and Social Research Institute
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
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peer-reviewed; This paper was obtained through PEER (Publishing and the Ecology of European Research) http://www.peerproject.eu; The concept of "the information society" as an important new phenomenon has recently received much attention at a European and national level. Exhortations on the need for advance preparation for this society by all the social partners are commonplace. This paper problematises the notion of "the information society", the position of technological determinism with which it is often associated, and the concomitant privileging of certain forms of technical discourse concerning the shape of our future society.

Labor, Employment, and Social Policies in the EU Enlargement Process : Changing Perspectives and Policy Options

Funck, Bernard; Pizzati, Lodovico
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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Transition has been a wrenching process for the labor markets of Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs), and the prospect of joining the European Union gives rise to both hopes and misgivings among their population. Similarly among other member countries, a new resolve to shake off a legacy of high unemployment and to build "the most competitive economy in the world" mixes in some quarters with lingering apprehension that EU enlargement disrupts already strained labr markets. This volume contains the papers presented at the conference held in Baden, Austria, in June 2001 to investigate these questions. The content of this research work captures the thoughts and analysis of the senior policymakers, academics, and social partners who participated in this series of seminars. This digest of research work seeks to present the latest factual trends on labor issues in accession countries, reviews exisitng labor market policies and social protection mechanisms, and discusses alternative strategies for employment creation in Central and Eastern Europe.

Zur Funktionslogik sozialer Pakte. Oder Antworten auf die Frage, warum Totgesagte länger leben.; About the functional logic of social pacts. Or answers to the question, why declared deads live longer.

Kopp, Daniel
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: ResearchPaper
DE_DE
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Seit den 1980er Jahren werden in zahlreichen europäischen Staaten Sozialpakte geschlossen, um im Angesicht der Globalisierung und der europäischen Integration die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der nationalen Ökonomien zu erhalten und auszubauen. Dabei wurden soziale Pakte nicht nur in Staaten geschlossen, die ohnehin über korporatistische Strukturen verfügen, sondern auch in Staaten pluralistischer Prägung. Vor diesem Hintergrund werden im Folgenden drei Modelle dargestellt, die das Zustandekommen von tripartistischer Konzertierung zu erklären suchen. Alle Modelle weisen allerdings gewisse Defizite in ihrer Erklärungskraft auf. Daher soll abschließend versucht werden, zwei Pfade hervorzuheben, auf denen Kooperation in Sozialpakten stattfindet und damit der Druck, der im Rahmen der Globalisierung und der Europäischen Währungsunion auf die Regierungen und Sozialpartner wirkt, verarbeitet wird.; During the last 20 years tripartite negotiations between governments, trade unions and employers have spread rapidly, although corporatism was thought to be dead. Voluntary wage restraint played an important part within these negotiations, which not only took place in corporatist countries but also in countries without corporatist tradition. The paper will discuss three models that attempt to explain the (re)emergence of tripartite arrangements. It argues that none of them is able to give a satisfactory explanation of how social pacts work both in corporatist and pluralist countries. The paper will...

Corporate Restructuring and Employment Protection: Towards a New Territorial Social Dialogue?

BONI, Guido
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 447752 bytes; application/pdf; digital
EN
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The aim of this study is to discuss the involvement of the social partners at territorial level in the event of business restructuring processes. In the first part, the phenomenon is framed, its relevance is explained, and the issue of the anticipation and management of change is analysed, with specific reference to EU interventions. In the second part, the role of the social dialogue is linked to the ongoing decentralisation trend of collective bargaining, in order to show that there is a significant interdependence between the level of collective bargaining and the new relevance that the territory has gained during the last twenty some years. Reference is then made to a number of organisational patterns that firms have developed, going from the Italian industrial districts to the French pôles de compétitivité, as they represent a model of successful – formal or informal – relations of mutual trust and confidence at local level among many different social, economic and political subjects. They serve as a ground for suggesting the establishment of an enlarged, multi-actor, social dialogue on the territory, which could turn out to be very useful in anticipating and managing business restructuring. Finally, examples from a selection of case studies – prepared by the partners of the ESF funded AgirE research project – are taken as a background for testing the actual feasibility of such a proposal...

SOCIAL EVOLUTION IN ANTS: DIRECT AND INDIRECT GENETIC EFFECTS

Linksvayer, Timothy A.
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
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Thesis (PhD) - Indiana University, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 2005; When social interactions occur, the phenotype of an individual can be influenced both directly by its own genes and indirectly by genes expressed in social partners. Eusocial insect colonies are notable for extensive behavioral interactions among larval, worker, and queen nestmates. In particular, developing larvae are reliant on care provided by workers and queens. Social insect phenotypes are thus affected by zygotic genes expressed during development (direct genetic effects), genes expressed in care-giving adult workers (sibsocial genetic effects), and genes expressed in queens (maternal genetic effects). The purpose of this dissertation was to incorporate this complexity into models of social insect evolution and to empirically study the evolutionary importance of direct and indirect genetic effects on ant phenotypes. The first chapter reviews existing models for the evolutionary origin and maintenance of eusociality in social insects and proposes a new model incorporating both direct and indirect genetic effects. The second chapter uses a quantitative genetic approach to estimate variation for direct and indirect genetic effects on worker, gyne...

Social Economy and Developmental Disabilities: An Employment Option that Promotes a Form of Authentic Work and Fosters Social Inclusion

Readhead, Anne E.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
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Typical employment options for people with developmental disabilities are insufficient. Most employment opportunities that are community-based provide typical workplace and geographical inclusion but tend not to support social inclusion and "belonging". This study explored the innovative employment alternative of social businesses and considered this form of employment for persons with a developmental disability as a viable avenue for meaningful work and social inclusion. A total of six business partners with a developmental disability were interviewed; two partners from three separate worker owned businesses. The partners' descriptions of their job and their workplace composed the interpretative findings. The social businesses provided an avenue for this group of people who tend to be segregated in isolated workshops or marginalized in mainstream work environments and who feel a sense of being "outsiders" to participate in meaningful work in community settings. This group of partners described their job as authentic "work" and discussed the many skills and the work ethic learned from their employment opportunity. In addition to the instrumental aspects of the job, the partners also discussed the group autonomy and self-determination of being their own "bosses". The partners confidently expressed feeling valued...

Dynamic social networks promote cooperation in experiments with humans

Rand, David G.; Arbesman, Samuel; Christakis, Nicholas A.
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Human populations are both highly cooperative and highly organized. Human interactions are not random but rather are structured in social networks. Importantly, ties in these networks often are dynamic, changing in response to the behavior of one's social partners. This dynamic structure permits an important form of conditional action that has been explored theoretically but has received little empirical attention: People can respond to the cooperation and defection of those around them by making or breaking network links. Here, we present experimental evidence of the power of using strategic link formation and dissolution, and the network modification it entails, to stabilize cooperation in sizable groups. Our experiments explore large-scale cooperation, where subjects’ cooperative actions are equally beneficial to all those with whom they interact. Consistent with previous research, we find that cooperation decays over time when social networks are shuffled randomly every round or are fixed across all rounds. We also find that, when networks are dynamic but are updated only infrequently, cooperation again fails. However, when subjects can update their network connections frequently, we see a qualitatively different outcome: Cooperation is maintained at a high level through network rewiring. Subjects preferentially break links with defectors and form new links with cooperators...

Concertacion y seguridad social : de la legitimidad social a la legitimidad tecnocrática

López Gandía, Juan
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 SPA
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El estudio aborda la concertación, un análisis de las políticas de seguridad social constatando su evolución desde una legitimidad social a una legitimidad tecnocrática en la crisis del welfare state y en la crisis económica con particular referencia al sistema español. Desde la normalización de la acción política de los sindicatos y agentes sociales en sus diversas manifestaciones, como la participación institucional y la “legislación negociada” en la búsqueda del consenso y el negociado de intercambios en el marco político frente a la imposición unilateral. La frustración de la concertación social se produce cuando el gobierno interpreta la democracia como algo puramente aritmético de mayorías que ejercen sin más el poder, en épocas de debilidad sindical, de debilidad del estado nación, de dificultades para las políticas redistributivas, de reforzamiento de los planteamientos neoliberales. La búsqueda de legitimidad en el pacto social no se ve en estas ocasiones como necesaria sino que la legitimidad se traslada al discurso economicista y tecnocrático, no político. Se vuelve a la búsqueda de una legitimidad a través del mercado y del intercambio entre particulares.; L'estudi aborda la concertació...

Algunas reflexiones sobre la crisis de la concertación social en España y en Europa

Ysàs Molinero, Helena
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 SPA
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A pesar de que la concertación social ha pasado durante los últimos 35 años por etapas muy fructíferas y otras con escasos resultados, lo cierto es que la actual crisis ha llevado a los interlocutores sociales a posiciones irreconciliables. El fuerte retroceso en derechos sociales, en la distribución de poder en la empresa y en el papel atribuido a los sujetos colectivos pone de manifiesto que en esta ocasión la crisis de la concertación social es de naturaleza mucho más profunda. Sin embargo la concertación social es un instrumento fundamental para que sindicatos y asociaciones empresariales puedan cumplir con las funciones que les son atribuidas constitucionalmente y debería reformularse para profundizar en la participación de la sociedad en la toma de decisiones, también a nivel de la Unión Europea.; El present article reflexiona sobre la ruptura del consens social, no necessària i exclusivament com a conseqüència de la crisi econòmica. Aquesta ruptura s'ha traduït principalment en una forta reculada dels drets socials, el desmantellament de l'Estat del Benestar (protecció social, serveis públics), així com en un retrocés de la capacitat de participació de la societat en la presa de decisions. En aquest escenari...

Social skills of psychotics and its relations to partners’ behaviors; Desempenho social de psicóticos em função do comportamento do interlocutor

Bandeira, Marina; Barroso, Sabrina Martins; Reis, Fernanda Valle
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/05/2005 POR
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This research investigated the social skills of psychotics in relation to its partners’ behaviors in social interactions. Two trained judges observed a sample of 35 psychotics compared to 35 non-clinical subjects interacting with trained partners in 4 video-taped role-play situations, regarding giving and receiving criticism. Types of situations and gender of partners were varied. Results showed that subjects’ behaviors were positively related to their partner’s non-verbal feedbacks and looking behavior while listening to them and were negatively related to theirs partners’ looking behavior during silence. Patients' group was more sensitive to partner’s behaviors, their behaviors being also positively related to their partner’s verbal feedbacks. These results replicated data from international literature in this area and suggest specific behaviors as incentive to the social skills of the patients in rehabilitation programsand suggest specific behaviors as incentive to the social skills of the patients in rehabilitation programs.Keywords: social skills; partners’ behavior; psychotics; desinstitucionalization; role-play.; Foi investigado o desempenho social em função do comportamento do interlocutor...

The National Action Plan on social inclusion: an opportunity for the third sector?

Brandsen, Taco; Pavolini, Emmanuele; Ranci, Costanzo; Sittermann, Birgit; Zimmer, Annette
Fonte: The Centre for Civil Society, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: The Centre for Civil Society, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /06/2005 EN; EN
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The European Union’s influence on its member states is currently the topic of frequent discussion, under the label of Europeanisation. With the establishment of the single market, further steps were necessary to ensure the future economic development of the member states. This included the fight against social exclusion, which refers to a situation in which people are prevented from participating fully in society because lack of financial assets, low education or insufficient skills. One means introduced to pursue this goal was the National Action Plan on Social Inclusion (NAPincl), introduced at the Lisbon meeting in March 2000. One of the objectives of the NAPincl was the ‘mobilisation of all relevant actors’. Member states are explicitly expected to include social partners (trade unions and employers), NGO’s and social service providers in the fight against social exclusion. This paper examines whether the introduction of the NAP has led to the desired mobilisation, and whether it has had the effect of bringing third sector organisations active at the national level closer together. Seven countries (France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) were included in this case study. The period under investigation included the process of setting up both the first NAPincl (submitted in 2001 and covering the period 2001- 2003) and the second (submitted in 2003 and covering the period 2003-2005). The empirical results we have found in relation to mobilisation were quite varied. In some countries...