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Campesinato e os faxinais do Paraná: as terras de uso comum; The communal land and peasantry of the Paraná: the lands of use joint

Tavares, Luis Almeida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
A prática de terras de uso comum desde tempos imemoriais, nas suas mais diversas formas, foi ou ainda é praticada em diversas partes do mundo, como na França (Vaine Pâtre, Biens Communaux), Itália (Della Comurione, Le Terre Del Compascuo), Angola, Colômbia, Portugal (Baldios), Espanha (Baldios e Montes Veciñais en Mam Común), Alemanha, Inglaterra, Ucrânia, Polônia, Brasil, entre outros países. No Brasil, as terras de uso comum e seus recursos naturais são apropriados por uma fração do campesinato. O uso dessas terras envolve elementos de identidade, indissociáveis do território ocupado, e regras de apropriação, que se expressam em diversas formas e denominações, como 'Terras de Preto', 'Terras de Santo', 'Terras dos Índios', 'Terras de Herança', 'Terras Soltas', 'Fundo de Pasto' e 'Faxinais'. Entendendo que até o presente momento, existe uma lacuna na Geografia Agrária Brasileira quanto à elaboração de uma pesquisa que aprofunde a análise sobre o campesinato, pautei como objetivo central desse trabalho a interpretação da trajetória histórica dessa fração do campesinato e seu território. Para isso, compreendo abstratamente que o campesinato, por meio de lutas, constitui-se como uma classe social, para si...

Gestão Compartilhada da Água Urbana: O monitoramento por moradores em seu domicílio e arredores para maximizar os benefícios da solução técnica - RMSP.; Shared Management of Urban Water: Monitoring by city dwellers at the household level to enhance the benefits of technical solutions.

Borba, Maria Lucia Guilherme
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/04/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.89%
Frequentemente, moradores da Região Metropolitana de São Paulo veem obras hidráulicas serem implantadas em seus bairros sem que tenham qualquer participação ou mesmo conhecimento sobre as mesmas. Sentem-se totalmente alheios à obra e podem passar a rejeitá-la ou a não usá-la corretamente, limitando a universalização de um atendimento eficaz. Por outro lado, são os mesmos moradores que tomam decisões importantes. Decidem como descartar o lixo doméstico e outros resíduos sólidos; como se desfazer do esgoto; como usar a infra-estrutura de água urbana, aqui entendida como o abastecimento, o esgotamento e a drenagem. Dada a importância das decisões dos moradores, com este trabalho se pretendeu analisar a possibilidade de incluí-los no processo de gestão compartilhada da água urbana, uma estratégia da governança, por meio do Monitoramento por Moradores em seu Domicílio e Arredores. O trabalho baseou-se em referencial sobre o potencial do morador como agente de mudanças e em documentação teórico-metodológica para o seu envolvimento no monitoramento. A principal conclusão a que se chegou é sobre a importância da interação morador-técnico das agências provedoras de serviços de água urbana, com apoio de autoridades locais...

Criação de valor compartilhado na cadeia de reciclagem: processamento dos resíduos da comercialização do coco verde; Creating shared value in the recycling chain: processing of the green coconut commercialization waste

Makishi, Fausto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/04/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.9%
A busca por uma solução comum para os impactos ambientais decorrentes da geração e acúmulo de resíduos sólidos e a condição de exclusão socioeconômica que atinge a uma significativa fatia da população em grandes centros urbanos leva a replicação de um modelo de gestão de resíduos sólidos que tem seu ponto de interseção nas cooperativas de trabalhadores da reciclagem. Alinhado a um contexto de demandas sociais de manutenção econômica, justiça social e preservação ambiental, a gestão compartilhada de resíduos é vista não como prática assistencialista corporativa, mas como oportunidade de negócio e ganhos bilaterais de criação de valor compartilhado. Este é o tema de interesse do presente trabalho, a inclusão socioeconômica veiculada ao aproveitamento de resíduos sólidos. Para isso, desenvolve-se uma pesquisa de base empírica, fundamentada na metodologia de pesquisa-ação, com objetivo de analisar tecnicamente e gerencialmente um projeto que propõe a inclusão socioeconômica por meio do processamento da casca de coco verde. A partir da integração de uma base conceitual e informações de natureza prática obtidas no desenvolvimento do projeto acima referido, assume-se o ganho de conhecimento empírico que possa contribuir com a temática envolvendo a gestão de resíduos sólidos urbanos e a inclusão socioeconômica. A experiência mostrou que disponibilizar tecnologia e ensinar a operar os equipamentos não é suficiente para a sustentação do modelo de gestão compartilhada. É preciso oferecer suporte técnico e gerencial e entender as cooperativas de reciclagem como parte de um fluxo continuo de materiais...

Dynamic detection of the communication pattern in shared memory environments for thread mapping; Detecção dinâmica do padrão de comunicação em ambientes de memória compartilhada para o mapeamento de threads

Cruz, Eduardo Henrique Molina da
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
As threads de aplicações paralelas cooperam a fim de cumprir suas tarefas, dessa forma, comunicação é realizada entre elas. A latência de comunicação entre os núcleos em arquiteturas multiprocessadas diferem dependendo da hierarquia de memória e das interconexões. Com o aumento do número de núcleos por chip e número de threads por núcleo, esta diferença entre as latências de comunicação está aumentando. Portanto, é importante mapear as threads de aplicações paralelas levando em conta a comunicação entre elas. Em aplicações paralelas baseadas no paradigma de memória compartilhada, a comunicação é implícita e ocorre através de acessos à variáveis compartilhadas, o que torna difícil a descoberta do padrão de comunicação entre as threads. Mecanismos tradicionais usam simulação para monitorar os acessos à memória realizados pela aplicação, requerendo modificações no código fonte e aumentando drasticamente a sobrecarga. Nesta dissertação de mestrado, são introduzidos dois mecanismos inovadores com uma baixa sobrecarga para se detectar o padrão de comunicação entre threads. O primeiro mecanismo faz uso de informações sobre linhas compartilhadas de caches providas por protocolos de coerência de cache. O segundo mecanismo utiliza a Translation Lookaside Buffer (TLB) para detectar quais páginas de memória cada núcleo está acessando. Ambos os mecanismos dependem totalmente do hardware...

Challenges in Promoting Joint Use Agreements: Experiences From Community Transformation Grant Awardees in North Carolina, Illinois, and Wisconsin, 2011–2014

Stein, Anna; Baldyga, William; Hilgendorf, Amy; Walker, Jennifer Gilchrist; Hewson, Danielle; Rhew, Lori; Uskali, Amber
Fonte: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Publicador: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/04/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.91%
Community Transformation Grant awardees in North Carolina, Illinois, and Wisconsin promoted joint use agreements (formal agreements between 2 parties for the shared use of land or facilities) as a strategy to increase access to physical activity in their states. However, awardees experienced significant barriers to establishing joint use agreements, including 1) confusion about terminology and an aversion to complex legal contracts, 2) lack of applicability to single organizations with open use policies, and 3) questionable value in nonurban areas where open lands for physical activity are often available and where the need is instead for physical activity programs and infrastructure. Furthermore, promotion of formal agreements may unintentionally reduce access by raising concerns regarding legal risks and costs associated with existing shared use of land. Thus, joint use agreements have practical limitations that should be considered when selecting among strategies to promote physical activity participation.

Can shared decision-making reduce medical malpractice litigation? A systematic review

Durand, Marie-Anne; Moulton, Benjamin; Cockle, Elizabeth; Mann, Mala; Elwyn, Glyn
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
Background: To explore the likely influence and impact of shared decision-making on medical malpractice litigation and patients’ intentions to initiate litigation. Methods: We included all observational, interventional and qualitative studies published in all languages, which assessed the effect or likely influence of shared decision-making or shared decision-making interventions on medical malpractice litigation or on patients’ intentions to litigate. The following databases were searched from inception until January 2014: CINAHL, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, HMIC, Lexis library, MEDLINE, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, Open SIGLE, PsycINFO and Web of Knowledge. We also hand searched reference lists of included studies and contacted experts in the field. Downs & Black quality assessment checklist, the Critical Appraisal Skill Programme qualitative tool, and the Critical Appraisal Guidelines for single case study research were used to assess the quality of included studies. Results: 6562 records were screened and 19 articles were retrieved for full-text review. Five studies wee included in the review. Due to the number and heterogeneity of included studies, we conducted a narrative synthesis adapted from the ESRC guidance for narrative synthesis. Four themes emerged. The analysis confirms the absence of empirical data necessary to determine whether or not shared decision-making promoted in the clinical encounter can reduce litigation. Three out of five included studies provide retrospective and simulated data suggesting that ignoring or failing to diagnose patient preferences...

Support for Machine and Language Heterogeneity in a Distributed Shared State System

Tang, Chunqiang ; Chen, DeQing ; Dwarkadas, Sandhya ; Scott, Michael L. (1959 - )
Fonte: University of Rochester. Computer Science Department. Publicador: University of Rochester. Computer Science Department.
Tipo: Relatório
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.89%
InterWeave is a distributed middleware system that supports the sharing of strongly typed, pointer-rich data structures across heterogeneous platforms. Unlike RPC-style systems (including DCOM, CORBA, Java RMI), InterWeave does not require processes to employ a procedural interface: it allows them to access shared data using ordinary reads and writes. To save bandwidth in wide area networks, InterWeave caches data locally, and employs two-way diffing to maintain coherence and consistency, transmitting only the portions of the data that have changed. In this paper, we focus on the aspects of InterWeave speci£cally designed to accommodate heterogeneous machine architectures and languages. Central to our approach is a strongly typed, platform-independent wire format for diffs, and a set of algorithms and metadata structures that support translation between local and wire formats. Using a combination of microbenchmarks and real applications, we evaluate the performance of our heterogeneity mechanisms, and compare them to comparable mechanisms in RPC-style systems. When transmitting entire segments, InterWeave achieves performance comparable to that of RPC, while providing a more ¤exible programming model. When only a portion of a segment has changed...

A Trace-Based Comparison of Shared Memory Multiprocessor Architectures

Scott, Michael L. (1959 - ); Bolosky, William J.
Fonte: University of Rochester. Computer Science Department. Publicador: University of Rochester. Computer Science Department.
Tipo: Relatório
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
There are three major classes of MIMD multiprocessors: cache-coherent machines, NUMA (non-uniform memory reference) machines without cache coherence, and distributed-memory multicomputers. All three classes can be used to run shared-memory applications, though the third requires software support in order to do so, and the second requires software support in order to do so well. We use trace-driven simulation to compare the performance of these classes, in an attempt to determine the effect of various architectural features and parameters on overall program performance. For those systems whose hardware or software supports both coherent caching (migration, replication) and remote reference, we use optimal off-line analysis to make the correct decision in all cases. This technique allows us to evaluate architectural alternatives without worrying that the results may be biased by a poor data placement policy. We find that the size of the unit of coherence (page or cache line) is the dominant factor in performance; that NUMA systems can have performance comparable to that of cache coherent machines; and that even relatively expensive, software-implemented remote reference is beneficial in distributed shared memory machines.

VM-Based Shared Memory on Low-Latency, Remote-Memory-Access Networks

Kontothanassis, Leonidas I. ; Parthasarathy, Srinivasan ; Meira Jr., Wagner ; Dwarkadas, Sandhya ; Scott, Michael L. (1959 - ); Hunt, Galen C. ; Stets, Robert J. Jr. ; Hardavellas, Nikolaos ; Cierniak, Michal
Fonte: University of Rochester. Computer Science Department. Publicador: University of Rochester. Computer Science Department.
Tipo: Relatório
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.89%
Recent technological advances have produced network interfaces that provide users with very low-latency access to the memory of remote machines. We examine the impact of such networks on the implementation and performance of software DSM. Specifically, we compare two DSM systems---Cashmere and TreadMarks---on a 32-processor DEC Alpha cluster connected by a Memory Channel network. Both Cashmere and TreadMarks use virtual memory to maintain coherence on pages, and both use lazy, multi-writer release consistency. The systems differ dramatically, however, in the mechanisms used to track sharing information and to collect and merge concurrent updates to a page, with the result that Cashmere communicates much more frequently, and at a much finer grain. Our principal conclusion is that low-latency networks make DSM based on fine-grain communication competitive with more coarse-grain approaches, but that further hardware improvements will be needed before such systems can provide consistently superior performance. In our experiments, Cashmere scales slightly better than TreadMarks for applications with fine-grain interleaving of accesses to shared data. At the same time, it is severely constrained by limitations of the current Memory Channel hardware. On average...

Genome wide search for genetic determinants of habitual alcohol, tobacco and coffee use, obesity-related traits, response to mental and physical stress and hemodynamic traits

Nikpay, Majid
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
Les habitudes de consommation de substances psychoactives, le stress, l’obésité et les traits cardiovasculaires associés seraient en partie reliés aux mêmes facteurs génétiques. Afin d’explorer cette hypothèse, nous avons effectué, chez 119 familles multi-générationnelles québécoises de la région du Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, des études d’association et de liaison pangénomiques pour les composantes génétiques : de la consommation usuelle d’alcool, de tabac et de café, de la réponse au stress physique et psychologique, des traits anthropométriques reliés à l’obésité, ainsi que des mesures du rythme cardiaque (RC) et de la pression artérielle (PA). 58000 SNPs et 437 marqueurs microsatellites ont été utilisés et l’annotation fonctionnelle des gènes candidats identifiés a ensuite été réalisée. Nous avons détecté des corrélations phénotypiques significatives entre les substances psychoactives, le stress, l’obésité et les traits hémodynamiques. Par exemple, les consommateurs d’alcool et de tabac ont montré un RC significativement diminué en réponse au stress psychologique. De plus, les consommateurs de tabac avaient des PA plus basses que les non-consommateurs. Aussi, les hypertendus présentaient des RC et PA systoliques accrus en réponse au stress psychologique et un indice de masse corporelle (IMC) élevé...

Addressing synchrony issues of dynamic shared secrets in security protocols

Lasc, Ioana
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
peer-reviewed; This research addresses synchronisation issues in security protocols for wireless communications. A new class of attacks, termed Suppress-and-Desynchronise (SD) attacks, is introduced. This attack uses the vulnerabilities of the wireless links to exploit a weakness in the security protocols that use dynamic shared secrets for authentication purposes. To avoid problems with the long-term storage of shared secrets, these protocols use dynamic shared secrets that are updated to new values in each session by an underlying online update mechanism. A successful SD attack disables the affected parties from authenticating each other in future protocol runs, causing a permanent Denial of Service (DoS) condition. A formal system to model update mechanisms for shared secrets is introduced that expresses actions of principals, their storing strategies for shared secrets and the principals’ roles in the different types of update mechanism. Based on this formal system attack detection rules are developed that are able to detect synchrony weaknesses that can be exploited by Suppress-and-Desynchronise attacks. Further, within the same formal system, a solution to the synchronisation problem is identified. A new approach to the security systems design is proposed for the wireless communications environment to avoid facilitating occurrence of the presented DoS condition. A guide to the formalisation process of security protocols prior to application of detection rules is presented. Finally...

Is that my memory? Effects of interpersonal relationships on shared memory

Condon, Candice E
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
peer-reviewed; This thesis documents the results of a research project investigating the relationship between interpersonal relationship factors and shared memory. Although shared memory and the factors that influence it have been researched more in recent years, there has been limited research which has measured the specific influence of interpersonal factors such as familiarity, trust, confidence, and memory esteem on memory distortion, specifically memory conformity and false memory. The research presented in this thesis sought to fill the void in the shared memory literature and also proposed new use of image recording technology for assessing the impact of dyadic memory conformity on memory recognition. There are four empirical chapters (2-5) in this thesis. Within these four chapters are four separate and related studies, which examine the influence of familiarity, trust, confidence, and memory esteem on memory distortion for ordinary events and for flashbulb memory of the terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001, along with the use of image recording technology (SenseCam TM) as an objective measure of memory distortion between dyadic members. In Chapter 2, it was hypothesised that familiarity and trust would interact with reminiscence type (discussion vs. revision) between dyadic members and would result in an increase in memory conformity (both corrective and distortive) and false memory. The findings were consistent with the hypothesis. Chapter 3 followed on from investigating interpersonal constructs on ordinary events...

Shared space: regulation, technology and legal education in a global context

Maharg, Paul
Fonte: Queen's University of Belfast Publicador: Queen's University of Belfast
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 31 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
The LETR Report on legal services education and training (LSET), published in June 2013, is the most recent of a series of reports dealing with legal education in England and Wales. Earlier reports do not deal directly with technology theory and use in legal education, though the use of technology has increased exponentially in recent decades in all areas of social activity, not just in legal education and the administration of justice. LETR does deal with technology use and theory, however, and its position is comparable with at least two reports from other jurisdictions internationally, with the findings of two large-scale projects in legal education and has parallels with the regulation of the quality of legal education in another jurisdiction in these isles. In this article I set out that position and contrast it with regulatory positions and statements on technology and legal education in England and Wales going back to the 1971 Ormrod Report. Based on a review not just of technological implementations but of the theoretical educational and regulatory literatures, I shall argue that the concept of multi-modal regulation and ‘shared space’ outlined in the Report is a valuable tool for the development of technology in education and for the direction of educational theory...

Alguns conhecimentos compartilhados de mulheres usuárias de centros de saúde; Shared knowledge of women who use health-care centers for drug-related problems; Algunos conocimientos compartidos de mujeres usuarias de centros de salud acerca del consumo de drogas

Enriquez Bielma, Jose Fernando; Manriquez, Pedro Armando; Alcala, Alondra; Medina, Rosalba; Valenzuela, Jesus Beatriz
Fonte: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali Publicador: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; "Artículo revisado por pares"; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artículo Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
POR; ENG; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.89%
Objetivo: Descrever os conhecimentos que compartilham as mulheres usuárias de Centros de Saúde sobre as drogas e seu consumo. Metodologia: Se realizou, uma investigação no período compreendido do 26 de junho a 28 de abril de 2007, não experimental, transversal, exploratória e de tipo qualitativo sob o enfoque da antropologia cognitiva. A mostra a conformaram 180 mulheres que assistiram a solicitar serviço em algum dos seis Centros de Saúde Urbanos de a Secretaria de Saúde da cidade de Leão, Estado de Guanajuato, México. Resultados: Pouco mais de 7 de cada 10 responderam que se conhecem consumidores de drogas; se encontraram 19 diferentes significados do consumo de drogas. Conclusão: Os resultados contrastam de maneira diferente com o conhecimento que têm alguns grupos etarios de menor idade.; Objective: to describe the knowledge shared by women who use health-care centers in situations related to drugs and their consumption. Methodology: non-experimental, transverse, exploratory and qualitative research, with a cognitive anthropological approach was carried out from June 26 to April 28 2007, The sample was made up of 180 women who requested attention in any of the six urban health-care centers of the secretary of health of the city of Leon in the state of Guanajuato...

Evidence-Based Practice in PubMed: Are Shared Filters Useful to Health Sciences Academic Users?

Clar, Monique; Dupont, Patrice
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Communication, présentation / Paper, Presentation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.92%
Objectives In April 2010, the Université de Montréal’s Health Sciences Library has implemented shared filters in its institutional PubMed account. Most of these filters are designed to highlight resources for evidence-based practice, such as Clinical Queries, Systematic Reviews and Evidence-based Synopsis. We now want to measure how those filters are perceived and used by our users. Methods For one month, data was gathered through an online questionnaire proposed to users of Université de Montréal’s PubMed account. A print version was also distributed to participants in information literacy workshops given by the health sciences librarians. Respondents were restricted to users affiliated to Université de Montréal’s faculties of Medicine, Dentistry, Veterinary Sciences, Nursing and Pharmacy. Basic user information such as year/program of study or department affiliation was also collected. The questionnaire allowed users to identify the filters they use, assess the relevance of filters, and also suggest new ones. Results Survey results showed that the shared filters of Université de Montreal’s PubMed account were found useful by the majority of respondents. Filters allowing rapid access to secondary resources ranked among the most relevant (Reviews...

Paradoxos em torno da clínica com crianças autistas e psicóticas: uma experiência com a “prática entre vários; Paradoxes in the clinical treatment of autistic and psychotic children: experiences using “practices shared by many”

Freire, Ana Beatriz; Bastos, Angélica
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2004 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.9%
O artigo visa a situar a prática entre vários diante dos paradoxos do tratamento com crianças autistas e psicóticas. Define-se a prática entre vários como um trabalho cuja direção é a construção do caso entre vários profissionais e a criança. Diferentemente do trabalho em equipe no qual cada indivíduo opera segundo sua especialidade de saber sobre a criança, a prática entre vários se orienta por uma ética esvaziada de saber. A clínica adota uma via que vai do gozo à sua articulação com a palavra numa concepção alargada de sintoma. O sintoma é considerado uma invenção realizada pela criança no contexto do trabalho em instituição.; This article attempts to address the use of “practices shared by many”, in light of the paradoxes inherent in treating autistic and psychotic children. These “practices shared by many” are defined as work leading to a joint construct of a case, produced by a number of professionals and the child. It is different from a team approach, in which individuals take a direction in line with their own specialty’s understanding of the child. Instead, “practices shared by many” follow an ethic emptied of interpretations. The path taken by the clinic covers a range extending from the child’s jouissance to its linkages with words...

Sidewalks and Shared-Use Paths: Safety, Security, and Maintenance

O'Donnell, Edward; Knab, Andrew; Athey, Lorene
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Outros
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
Part I of this report examines the issue of security by analyzing common security incidents on trail or sidewalk facilities, problems with perceptions of security among users and the public, and vandalism-related facilities. As two interviewees noted, there is no way to ensure total security on trail facilities, but governments and agencies can enhance security (Bustos; G. Smith). Secure facilities are those that reduce the risk of security incidents and the fear of potential incidents through educational efforts directed at users, design, and management policies that increase the number of users on the facility and provide adequate visibility. The issue of safety is explored through several different viewpoints in this report. Safe sidewalks and shared-use paths are designed and managed to reduce the risk of injury to pedestrians and other users of the facility. This means safe facilities are constructed and maintained to provide a safe environment for all ages and skill levels. Part II of this report, the safety section, examines common problems plaguing the current sidewalk and shared-use path system: facilities that are not compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and are difficult for older and disabled individuals to travel on; design flaws or policies (or lack thereof) that increase the chances of user conflicts (i.e....

Sidewalks and Shared-Use Paths: Improving Mobility and Designing Transit-Ready Communities

O'Donnell, Edward; Athey, Lorene; Skolnick, Gilad
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Outros
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
This report consists of summaries of the presentations given at the February 21, 2008, forum: Sidewalks and Shared-Use Paths: Improving Mobility and Designing Transit Ready Communities, held at the Clayton Hall conference center on the University of Delaware’s Newark campus. This project is the continuation of a multi-stage process that involved evaluating techniques to improve compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), to better design and engineer trail infrastructure and pedestrian facilities to meet ADA mandates, and to encourage land-use patterns/development practices that integrate transit with the planning and design of transportation facilities.; funded by the Delaware Department of Transportation

Sidewalks and Shared-Use Paths: Safety, Security, and Maintenance

O'Donnell, Edward; Knab, Andrew
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Outros
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.93%
This project was undertaken with the support of the Delaware Department of Transportation, to analyze the safety, security, and maintenance of multi-modal facilities—both on- and off-road. Specific attention was directed toward accessibility issues and snow removal. In order to adequately examine these issues, the project proceeded in three stages. First, an extensive literature review was conducted. Second, 13 experts and professionals were identified and interviewed on these topics from a total of eight states across the country. Following the completion of the literature reviews and interviews, a policy forum was held on March 21, 2007, on the University of Delaware’s campus at Clayton Hall. Approximately 60 invitees attended, including state and local police, city managers, and agency staff responsible for sidewalks and shared-use paths throughout the state. Three breakout sessions on safety, security, and maintenance were utilized to provide the project team with an “events on the ground” perspective and identify solutions. This report provides a synopsis of the key findings and recommendations from the literature review, interviews, and policy forum.; funded by the Delaware Department of Transportation

Shared modes of compensation and firm performance: UK evidence

Conyon, Martin J.; Freeman, Richard B.
Fonte: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /10/2002 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
This paper examines the use and consequences of shared compensation plans (profit sharing, profit related pay, SAYE schemes and company stock option plans) in a sample of UK workplaces and firms in the 1990s. The use of these plans has increased over time, in part in response to government programs. The evidence shows that companies and workplaces adopting shared compensation practices have had higher productivity than other firms, but the effects vary among programs, suggesting that the particulars matter a lot in aligning shared compensation and work place activities. Consistent with incentive theory, the evidence also shows that firms and workplaces with shared compensation practices have a higher incidence of shared decision-making/information sharing practices.