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As dimensões militares, ambientais e econômicas da segurança energética : análise a partir dos desafios e oportunidades do Brasil no contexto internacional; The military, environmental and economic dimensions of energy security : analisys from the challenges and opportunities of Brazil in the international context

Henry Iure de Paiva Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/01/2015 PT
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A perspectiva defendida nesta tese parte do princípio de que as políticas e ações dirigidas a garantir os recursos energéticos para manutenção e desenvolvimento de um Estado e de sua população (segurança energética) admitem a pluralidade de concepções e a ampliação do conjunto de problemas confrontados, bem como uma diversidade de atores, contextos, interesses e objetivos. Diante dessa conjuntura, o objetivo geral desta tese é contribuir para a percepção de que os estudos científicos e as práticas políticas relativas à segurança energética não se restringem a uma perspectiva que relacione a temática exclusivamente à lógica da guerra, à "política de exceção", ao emprego de medidas excepcionais ou à consecução de objetivos predominantemente político-militares, tal qual defendem os autores das correntes clássicas e neoclássicos nos estudos sobre segurança. Dada a multiplicidade de questões com as quais está relacionada a segurança energética, os estudos científicos e as práticas políticas sobre segurança acabam, portanto, deixando de ser um domínio de significado e práticas restritos, os quais tendem, assim, a conviver com uma variedade de concepções e abordagens, em razão da diversidade desafios com os quais precisa confrontar. Além do embasamento teórico-analítico que sustenta a visão progressista aqui defendida sobre a compreensão dos fenômenos relativos à segurança energética...

Security perception within and beyond the traditional approach

Malec, Mieczyslaw
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; The term "security" has always been vague in terms of its definition. After the end of the Cold War, however, this vagueness increased as new paradigms emerged. Those studying security need a better understanding of the term "security" to deal with complex issues within the broadly understood discipline of security studies. This thesis describes the uncertain nature of security by analyzing: (1) various definitions of security and some of the terms directly related to it in different contexts; and (2) the empirical meaning of security by examining threats as indicators of "insecurity," based on the different characters of threats, and levels of analysis from the field of international relations. The thesis argues that regardless of the vague meaning of the term "security," empirically its parameters are quite certain and definable by the specification of threats as indicators of insecurity. This clarification of the meaning of security studies, in turn, makes it easier for scholars and policy-makers to deal with this increasingly important sphere of human life.

Culture Versus Structure in Post-9-11 Security Studies; Strategic Insights: v.4, issue 10 (October 2005)

Desch, Michael A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This article appeared in Strategic Insights (October 2005), v.4 no.10; Cultural theories have long enjoyed a prominent place in the field of international security. Indeed, two waves have come and gone since the start of World War II, and we are now at the high water mark of a third. The terrorist attacks of September 11th in the United States, the July 2005 London Underground attacks, and the numerous suicide bombings in the Occupied Territories and Iraq have led to renewed interest in the role Islamic culture may be playing in the increasingly frequent use of this tactic and expectations for a quick end to the war in Iraq were the result of misunderstandings about Arab strategic culture. Todays culturalists in national security studies are a heterogeneous lot, as they bring a variety of different theories to the table. But virtually all new culturalists in security studies are united in their belief that realism, the dominant research program in international relations which emphasizes factors such as the material balance of power, is an overrated, if not bankrupt, body of theory, and that cultural theories, which look to ideational factors, do a much better job of explaining how the world works.

Energy Security and Global Politics, The militarization of resource management

Moran, Daniel; Russell, James A.
Fonte: Routledge global security studies Publicador: Routledge global security studies
Tipo: Livro
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Book edited by Daniel Moran and James A. Russell. PDF is just of the Introduction to the book.; This book analyzes the strategic dimensions of energy security, particularly where energy resources may become the object of military competition. The volume explores the diverse risks that may arise from conditions of increasing economic competition and resource scarcity, and the full range of problems that may follow if major producers or consumers of energy lose confidence in the equity and efficiency of the market, and resort instead to the use of force to secure access to energy. It surveys the strategic outlook of both producer and consumer states, with emphasis on nations or regions (Central Asia, Russia, China, Venezuela, the Persian Gulf) where unstable or rapidly evolving political conditions may undermine the currently prevailing market consensus. It also examines the role of the United States as the chief guarantor of the global economy, and the challenge this unique role poses for its exercise of military power. The book contends that while the global energy market may be largely self-regulating, it is not self-defending. A failure to consider how it can be most effectively defended from emerging and potential challenges merely heightens the risk that those challenges may some day become real. This book will be of interest to students of energy policy...

Homeland Security Master's Degrees Awarded to 30 at Naval Postgraduate School

Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.); Center for Homeland Defense and Security
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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The Naval Postgraduate School & The U.S. Department of Homeland Security Center for Homeland Defense and Security.; The Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS) at the Naval Postgraduate School awarded a Master of Arts in Security Studies to 30 professionals during a March 28 ceremony.

The President has no clothes : the case for broader application of Red Teaming within Homeland Security

Nettles, A. Bentley.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 79 p. ;
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CHDS State/Local; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Missing in DHS' current gap and vulnerability analysis approach to Red Teaming is the employment of broader decision support Red Teaming-which would provide a strategic assessment tool, assisting the organization in overcoming group thinking and a lack of organizational creativity, while avoiding mirror-imaging. DHS, by broadening its use of Red Teaming, will improve its decisionmaking processes across all levels of homeland security. This research uses a selected case study identifying and challenging assumptions inherent within TSA's security system, analyzing the problem using an alternative model, and looking at the problem from different perspectives. Combined with evidence and analysis from historical examples, this effort is designed to determine whether decision makers can benefit from Red Teams and Red Team fundamental concepts, and whether these concepts will be effective in assisting DHS and its partners in making better decisions. America's Homeland Security System is hampered by bureaucratic challenges. The U.S. government must dramatically re-orient itself. America needs to redefine its homeland security approach into a flexible adaptive system. Understanding the U.S. layers of security...

The implications of the rise of China's military for Mongolian security

Sukhee, Bayar-Ochir.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 111 p. ;
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; China is transforming the People's Liberation Army (PLA) into an effective fighting force with power projection capability. The main objective has been to fill the gap between the PLA and leading military forces. China's military forces modernization coincides with its rapid economic growth and growing energy and resource needs. For these reasons, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leaders put forward new missions of the PLA, which may include securing China's interests abroad. This process certainly impacts indirectly, if not directly, Mongolia's security. Like other countries, Mongolia does not choose its neighbors. Hence, the geopolitical reality of living between its large neighbors, China and Russia, thus defines its fundamental security interests. Though Beijing is not likely to use force against Mongolia, and China and Mongolia currently enjoy friendly relations, it is uncertain how long this will last. Despite having no immediate external threat, China has continued modernizing its military with great ambiguity. Therefore, not only Mongolia, but also Western countries, including the United States, are wondering why China is pursuing these ambitious military modernization effort. Mongolia's underdeveloped economy...

Militarization of Energy Security : Turkey as a case study

Seker, Ali Osman
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 55 p. : maps ;
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The United States of America, Great Britain, France, Germany, India, Russian Federation, Turkey, and China have all implemented policies to obtain reliable energy at reasonable prices. Overall, the purpose of this thesis is to identify the situations in which Turkey has encountered usage of energy as a "weapon" and to analyze Turkey's reaction in these situations from 1945 until the present day. This thesis will then seek to predict the effects of energy issues on Turkey's national security strategy. The thesis finds that Turkey passed through a preparation phase during the 1960s and 1980s to balance her approach to both buyers and sellers. This period paved the way for the 1990s, when Turkey developed prospects for future energy supplies. Three general lessons emerge from an examination of Turkey's experience: (1) Turkey managed to balance her energy market by pursuing successful compromise policies, (2) domestic needs, rather than transit fees and international concerns, have an essential role in forming these policies, and (3) even though tanker wars harm Turkey's naval transportation, they are beneficial for Turkey's land transportation as the only outlet for both of her neighbor producer countries.; Turkish Air Force author

Energizing the enterprise an incentive-based approach to homeland security

Porter, Jason B.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 121 p. ;
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The key message for the homeland security enterprise in the 2010 National Security Strategy is that homeland security "is not simply about government action alone, but rather about the collective strength of the entire country." Based, in part, on sheer numbers, but mostly on its ability to touch every aspect of every life in every location, the American population is simply unmatched by any other resource at our disposal. Therefore, the country's collective strength hinges on the participation of its citizens. Unfortunately, however, much of the population perceives homeland security as a collective good-that they will receive the same benefits whether they contribute or not. After examining the level of importance of individuals to homeland security and then assessing their current level of engagement, this thesis evaluates the tendency of individuals to remain free riders in the administration of a public good-homeland security. The study concludes that the lack of citizen participation is a collective action problem, which will only be remedied through the use of "separate and selective" incentives.; US Air Force (USAF) author

Strategic interactions between the United States and North Korea: deterrence or security dilemma?

Yetgin, Murat
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 67 p.
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Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; Worried about the regional and global consequences of a nuclear North Korea, U.S. governments have pursued both diplomacy and coercion to stop North Korea's nuclear weapons program. However, as of December 2003, U.S. policies appear to have failed since North Korea has become the ninth nuclear weapons state. Since North Korea's motives have been ambiguous from the very beginning, the United States has had difficulty in developing strategies that would effectively address North Korea's motives and curtail its nuclear ambitions. This thesis argues that although North Korea has ambitious motives, its nuclear efforts are mostly insecurity driven reactions. Coercive policies towards North Korea increase its insecurity and compel it to resort to nuclear weapons. The United States perceives North Korea's reactions as blackmail since North Korea combines its economic and political problems with its security concerns. Mutual distrust and insecurity, which is mostly a result of misperceptions, creates a security dilemma, a vicious spiral in which the security interests of the two states are mutually threatened by each other's self-protection aspirations. Cooperation, rather than coercion...

Are the U.S. Navy's current procedures for responding to homeland defense and security tasking adequately designed?

McClellan, Kevin K.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 75 p. : ill. map ; 28 cm.
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Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; With the spectrum of the range of military operations broadening, the operational tempo of Department of Defense assets has substantially increased. Military leaders must look to innovative solutions to meet the increased demands placed on the armed forces. Doctrine and policy such as the National Security Strategy, National Military Strategy and the Strategy for Homeland Defense and Civil Support dictate the increased use of innovation and "jointness" by the military in order to meet the increasing demands of protecting the homeland. The question, "Are the U.S. Navy's current procedures for responding to homeland defense and security tasking adequately designed?" needs to be addressed to ensure our nation is fulfilling its most essential duty: providing safety and security for its citizens. This thesis will discuss the establishment of NORTHCOM, analyze and detail the potential mission set the U.S. Navy can execute in homeland defense and security and examine the current command and control (C2) relationships that NORTHCOM has with the U.S. Navy compared to the other military services. The thesis will then provide alternate C2 options between NORTHCOM and the U.S. Navy as well as identify the advantages and disadvantages of those options and conclude with an analysis and recommendations.

Evolution of security identity of domestic antimilitarism and\roles of political parties: case studies of Japan and Germany

An, Hyoju
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xiv, 141 p. ; 28 cm.
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Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Both Japan and Germany have presented security identities of domestic antimilitarism throughout their postwar political histories. Remnants of war memories made peoples of both nations strongly antipathetic to waging a war as a way of pursuing national security. They institutionalized such means as constitutions, laws, and civilian control of military means. Among several tenets of security identities, the most basic and core tenet was no use of force in foreign war. Up until the Cold War period, the bans remained intact. However, as changes in the security environment appeared along with the end of the Cold War, Japan and Germany relied on the circumstances to consider modifying their long-standing antimilitarist approaches to security policies. This thesis examines how Japan's and Germany's political parties contributed to developing new security identities of domestic antimilitarism under the changing security environment and foreign expectations. The main focus of this thesis is finding out the answers to how the political parties' role as representatives of the public, policy makers based on their inherent security policy stances, and competitors over the preferred policies exerted influence on the evolution of the Japan's and Germany's security identity of domestic antimilitarism. Both nations faced international criticism in the Gulf War due mainly to their failures to properly meet the new expectations of the international community. In consideration of lessons learned from the Gulf War...

Center for Information Systems Security Studies and Research (CIRS) Welcome

Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Welcome to the Naval Postgraduate School Center for Information Systems Security Studies and Research (NPS CISR) website, located in Monterey, California. CISR is America's foremost center for defense-related research and education in Information Assurance (IA), Inherently Trustworthy Systems (ITC), and defensive information warfare.

Homeland Security Master's Degree Program

Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.); Center for Homeland Defense and Security
Fonte: Monterey, California : Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California : Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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The U.S. Department of Homeland Security's National Preparedness Directorate, FEMA, and the Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security have partnered to offer the nation’s premier master’s degree program in homeland security. The Master of Arts in Security Studies is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and is awarded by the Naval Postgraduate School.

Establishment of the National Maritime Intelligence Center : understanding the foundations of trust to support a collaborative environment in homeland security

Caswell, Kenneth L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 65 p.: col. ill. ;
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; On January 14, 2009, the former Director of National Intelligence (DNI), Admiral Mike McConnell (ret.), established The National Maritime Intelligence Center (NMIC). The NMIC was created to serve as the national focal point for maritime intelligence, ensuring a unified national effort to execute the Maritime Strategy and the National Strategy for Maritime Security (NSMS) at all levels of government. The establishment of the NMIC is part of the Navy's response to an Intelligence Community Directive through which the DNI challenged all intelligence community (IC) elements to establish an "analytic outreach" initiative to "engage with individuals outside the intelligence community to explore ideas and alternate perspectives, gain new insights, generate new knowledge, or obtain new information." That directive had been a response to recommendations from the 2005 Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction Report, which recommended that "IC analysts broaden their information horizons by collaborating with... expertise wherever it resides..." This thesis will examine the question: can the NMIC design and create a culture of trust and collaboration that collectively draws input from analyst...

Swiss neutrality and collective security : the League of Nations and the United Nations

Loeffel, Urs
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 119 p. ;
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis explains Swiss accession to collective security organizations by analyzing key domestic and international factors relating to Switzerland's permanent neutrality. The study provides historical and theoretical background regarding the concepts of neutrality and collective security before examining the positive vote in the referendum for accession to the League of Nations in 1920, the consequent adoption of differential neutrality, and the return to traditional neutrality in 1938. The study then considers Switzerland's refusal to join the United Nations (UN) in 1945, Swiss neutrality during the Cold War, the failed UN referendum in 1986, and Swiss accession to the UN after the successful referendum in 2002. The thesis concludes that international solidarity is an inherent part of Swiss neutrality in addition to its security function. These elements together constitute a flexible neutrality conception that is capable of contributing to collective security while enjoying the safety of traditional neutrality. Changes in the international system and the institutional character of Swiss politics have significantly influenced Swiss relations with collective security organizations. Neutrality will continue to be a major factor as long as the concept is linked to national identity and the idea of a Swiss "special role."; Swiss Army author

Twenty-nine earn master's degrees in Security Studies at Naval Postgraduate School

Issvoran, Heather
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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Twenty-nine professionals who work in the homeland security field were awarded a Master of Arts in Security Studies September 27 from the Center for Homeland Defense and Security at the Naval Postgraduate School.; The Naval Postgraduate School & The U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Center for Homeland Defense and Security.

RISK GOVERNANCE AND BORDER SECURITY POLICY POST 9/11: BEYOND BORDERS IN THE SECURITY ERA

SEBBEN, CHRISTINE
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
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This paper utilizes a critical (political) discourse analysis to examine security dialogue as revealed through policy; in order to facilitate this task, the following publically available political documents will be analyzed: Smart Border Declaration; Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP), and the pending Beyond Borders deal. The objective is to highlight the complexities and realities of the security era as it pertains to North American border security. In other words, I am interested in the administration of border security policy in its practical context. Reviewing the Beyond Borders deal and situating it within the overall national security policies that govern the Canadian border facilitates the identification of limitations posed by the security mentality dominant in border governance. This thesis advocates that those studying border security policies in order to formulate alternative options do so in a manner that appreciates the unique polity milieu of the border. The analysis presented here has policy implications and concludes with recommendations and projections for the Beyond Borders deal.; Thesis (Master, Sociology) -- Queen's University, 2011-10-14 13:59:44.787

Segurança internacional e normatividade: é o liberalismo o elo perdido dos critical securities studies?; International security and normativity: is liberalism the critial securities studies' lost link?

VILLA, Rafael Duarte
Fonte: CEDEC Publicador: CEDEC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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O surgimento, e afirmação, de uma corrente de estudos críticos em segurança internacional plantou firmemente a idéia de que os problemas de segurança internacional não estão meramente relacionados com aspectos objetivos que ameaçam os Estados, mas esses problemas estão relacionados estreitamente com as relações entre indivíduo e emancipação humana. Assim, a condição de segurança em sentido forte tem, como precondição, a emancipação humana. Porém, em que condições esse overlap entre segurança internacional e emancipação acontece? A tese deste artigo é problematizar essas condições, que escapam ao diálogo endógeno dos critical securities studies (CSS). E que uma pista para operacionalização pode ser procurada nos diálogos entre a teoria crítica cosmopolita e a teoria liberal cosmopolita. Essa interseção, ou continuum, aponta a tese do artigo, é possível se os CSS atentam para dimensões do liberalismo político que têm sido negligenciadas, especialmente a democracia pensada em bases transnacionais e as possibilidades da sociedade civil transnacionalizada.; The appearance and consolidation of a critical studies approach on international security fortified the claim that international security problems are not merely related to objective threats to states...

Hard Thinking about Hard and Easy Cases in Security Studies

Rapport, Aaaron
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Article; accepted version
EN
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This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Taylor & Francis via http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09636412.2015.1070615; Even scholars who believe the case study is a valuable research tool are skeptical that researchers can effectively generalize case findings to a wider population. However, an exception may be possible with ?least likely? (LL) and ?most likely? (ML) cases, often referred to as ?hard? and ?easy? cases, respectively. The former pose ?difficult? tests of theories, in that?unlike ML cases?one would not expect a theory?s expectations to be borne out by a review of the case evidence. According to Eckstein, LL and ML cases provide researchers with a great deal of inferential leverage, being ?especially tailored? to either confirming or disconfirming a theory, respectively. Such case study designs are common in the discipline of International Relations, particularly in the subfield of security studies. Since 1997, at least 36 articles appearing in Security Studies explicitly invoked the logic of LL/ML studies to justify their case selection and defend or impugn the validity of particular theories. The appeal of a study that might offer in-depth knowledge of a particular case and the generalizability of large-n cross-unit comparisons is obvious. Despite the widespread use of LL/ML cases there remains a considerable amount of imprecision regarding their definition. Researchers? applications of the LL or ML labels typically appear plausible...