Página 1 dos resultados de 8361 itens digitais encontrados em 0.042 segundos

Association analysis of clinical aspects and vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism with external apical root resorption in orthodontic patients

Simas Netta Fontana, Maria Luiza S.; de Souza, Cleber Machado; Bernardino, Jose Fabio; Hoette, Felix; Hoette, Maura Levi; Thum, Lotario; Ozawa, Terumi O.; Capelozza Filho, Leopoldino; Olandoski, Marcia; Trevilatto, Paula Cristina
Fonte: MOSBY-ELSEVIER; NEW YORK Publicador: MOSBY-ELSEVIER; NEW YORK
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
Introduction: Vitamin D is responsible for the regulation of certain genes at the transcription level, via interaction with the vitamin D receptor, and influences host immune responses and aspects of bone development, growth, and homeostasis. Our aim was to investigate the association of TaqI vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism with external apical root resorption during orthodontic treatment. Methods: Our subjects were 377 patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion, divided into 3 groups: (1) 160 with external apical root resorption <= 1.43 mm, (2) 179 with external apical root resorption >1.43 mm), and (3) 38 untreated subjects. External apical root resorption of the maxillary incisors was evaluated on periapical radiographs taken before and after 6 months of treatment. After DNA collection and purification, vitamin D receptor TaqI polymorphism analysis was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to verify the association of clinical and genetic variables with external apical root resorption (P <0.05). Results: There was a higher proportion of external apical root resorption in orthodontically treated patients compared with the untreated subjects. In patients orthodontically treated...

Avaliação do preparo de canais radiculares com secção transversal oval longa realizado pelos sistemas Reciproc e Biorace utilizando a microtomografia computadorizada; Evaluation of the preparation of long oval root canals with Reciproc and Biorace systems using micro-computed tomography

Busquim, Sandra Soares Kühne
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/09/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Os instrumentos endodônticos de níquel-titânio (NiTi) influenciaram positivamente o preparo dos canais radiculares. Entretanto, algumas dificuldades inerentes à própria anatomia do sistema endodôntico, permanecem. Canais radiculares com secção transversal oval longa dificultam a ação dos instrumentos rotatórios, os quais não conseguem se adaptar às suas paredes em toda extensão. O sistema Reciproc de lima única (VDW, Munique, Alemanha), recentemente lançado, foi desenvolvido para o preparo do canal radicular pela técnica de movimento de trabalho recíproco. Este movimento alivia o estresse do instrumento, reduzindo o risco de fatiga cíclica causada pela tensão e compressão. Com a finalidade de comparar o efeito deste movimento no preparo do canal, foi utilizado o sistema Biorace (FKG Dentaire, LA Chaux-de Fonds, Suíça) por ser um sistema de instrumentação rotatória completa, onde o instrumento final tem diâmetro compatível com o instrumento Reciproc R40 utilizado. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar, ex vivo, o preparo de canais ovais longos de molares inferiores com o sistema Reciproc comparando-o ao preparo com instrumentos do sistema Biorace, por meio da microtomografia computadorizada (CT). Raízes distais de trinta molares inferiores foram utilizadas e divididas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: G1 Reciproc R40 e G2 Biorace. Os dentes foram escaneados por um microtomógrafo de raios-X SkyScan 1172 antes e após o preparo dos canais radiculares. As imagens obtidas foram importadas e reconstruídas...

Grapevine root distribution in drip and microsprinkler irrigation

Bassoi, Luis Henrique; Hopmans, Jan W.; Jorge, Lúcio André de Castro; Alencar, Cristina Miranda de; Silva, José Antonio Moura e
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ) Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 377-387
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); A produção de uva (Vitis vinifera L.) em termos quantitativos e qualitativos depende do estado das raízes. Além disso, informações sobre a distribuição radicular são úteis para o manejo de solo e água. Por isso, uma análise de métodos para a avaliação da distribuição radicular de videiras cv. Itália / IAC 313 num Latossolo Vermelho Amarelo irrigadas por gotejamento e microaspersão foi realizada em Petrolina – PE e Juazeiro - BA, no Vale do São Francisco. Os parâmetros medidos pelo método do monolito foram a matéria seca (Dw) e densidade de comprimento de raízes (Lv), enquanto a área de raízes (Ap) foi estimada pelo método do perfil de solo combinado com a análise de imagens digitais. Para ambos os sistemas de irrigação, as raízes estiveram presentes até 1 m de profundidade e estenderam-se lateralmente até 1 m de distância do tronco, mas as videiras irrigadas por microaspersão apresentaram uma maior presença de raízes com o aumento da distância do tronco. Os valores de Ap apresentaram uma boa correlação com Dw e Lv, mas essa correlação foi maior quando se utilizou a distribuição fracional de cada parâmetro. O método do perfil auxiliado pela análise de imagem digital permite a avaliação da distribuição radicular.; Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) yield and its quality are dependent of the status of the root system. Root distribution information is also valuable for soil and water management. An analysis of methods to evaluate the root distribution of grapevines for both...

Effect of root canal status on periodontal healing after surgical injury in dogs.

Holland, R.; Otoboni Filho, J. A.; Bernabé, P. F.; Nery, M. J.; de Souza, V.; Berbert, A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 77-82
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
This study was carried out to observe if the status of the root canal might influence the healing process of surgically prepared experimental periodontal lesions. Forty tooth roots from four dogs were divided into four different groups: a) root canals with vital pulps, b) root canals open to the oral environment, c) root canals infected and filled with zinc oxide eugenol cement, and d) root canals infected and filled with calcium hydroxide. By means of a surgical intervention, a cavity was prepared in the medium portion of the roots. Six months later, the specimens were removed and prepared for histological analysis. The results, which were submitted to statistical analysis, showed that the status of the root canals influenced the healing process of the experimental periodontal lesions. In the groups where the root canals were filled, calcium hydroxide gave the best results. In the group with root canals left open to the oral environment, resorption of the dentin of the experimental cavities, was the most obvious observation. However, it did not prevent the repair process, only slowed it down.

Apical leakage after root canal filling with an experimental calcium hydroxide gutta-percha point

Holland, Roberto; Murata, Sueli Satomi; Dezan Junior, Eloi; Garlipp, Oswaldo
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 71-73
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
This study was an in vitro analysis of the apical seal of root canals filled with an experimental calcium hydroxide gutta-percha point. One hundred and ten recently extracted human permanent teeth with a single root were used. The root canals were biomechanically prepared, and some received a dressing of calcium hydroxide for 7 days. Root canals not dressed were filled by the lateral condensation technique with either regular gutta-percha or calcium hydroxide gutta-percha points. The dressed root canals were filled with the same sealers and regular gutta-percha points. The specimens were placed into a 2% methylene blue dye solution under vacuum, and the apical leakage was linearly evaluated. The experimental groups with calcium hydroxide dressing and the one with calcium hydroxide gutta-percha points exhibited significantly (p < 0.05) less leakage than the groups filled with regular gutta-percha points. The results obtained indicated that calcium hydroxide guttapercha points produced an improvement in the apical sealing quality of the root canal filling. Copyright © 1996 by The American Association of Endodontists.

Digital image analysis of root distribution towards improved irrigation water and soil management: Grapevine and date palm study cases

Bassoi, Luís Henrique; Moura E Silva, José Antonio; De Alencar, Cristina Miranda; De Castro Jorge, Lúcio André; Hopmans, Jan W.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 1829-1834
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
It is presented two study cases about the approach in root analysis at field and laboratory conditions based on digital image analysis. Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) and date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) root systems were analyzed by both the monolith and trench wall method aided by digital image analysis. Correlation between root parameters and their fractional distribution over the soil profile were obtained, as well as the root diameter estimation. Results have shown the feasibility of digital image analysis for evaluation of root distribution.

Scanning electron microscopic analysis of the effect of Carisolv TM gel on periodontally compromised human root surfaces

Grisi, Daniela Corrêa; Theodoro, Letícia Helena; Sampaio, José Eduardo César; Grisi, Márcio Fernando de Moraes; Salvador, Sérgio Luiz de Souza
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 110-116
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%
The aim of this study was to analyze, under scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the morphologic characteristics of root surfaces after application of CarisolvTM gel in association with scaling and root planing (SRP). Sixty periodontally compromised extracted human teeth were randomly assigned to 6 groups: 1) SRP alone; 2) passive topical application of CarisolvTM + SRP; 3) active topical application of CarisolvTM + SRP; 4) multiple applications of CarisolvTM + SRP; 5) SRP + 24% EDTA; 6) topical application of CarisolvTM + SRP + 24% EDTA. CarisolvTM gel was applied to root surfaces for 30 s, followed by scaling and root planing, consisting of 50 strokes with Gracey curettes in an apical-coronal direction, parallel to the long axis of the tooth. The only exception was group 4, in which the roots were instrumented until a smooth, hard and glass-like surface was achieved. All specimens were further analyzed by SEM. The results showed that the treatment with CarisolvTM caused significant changes in root surface morphology of periodontally compromised teeth only when the chemical agent was actively applied (burnishing technique). CarisolvTM failed to remove the smear layer completely, especially with a single application, independently of the method of application. Multiple applications of CarisolvTM were necessary to achieve a smear layer reduction comparable to that obtained with 24% EDTA conditioning.

Cone-beam computed tomography analysis of the apical third of curved roots after mechanical preparation with different automated systems

Oliveira, Cesar Augusto Pereira; Meurer, Maria Inês; Pascoalato, Cristina; Silva, Silvio Rocha Correa
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 376-381
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
The present study evaluated by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) the apical canal transportation and centralizing ability of different automated systems after root canal preparation. The mesiobuccal canals of maxillary first molars (n=10 per group) were prepared with: GI - reciprocating system with K-Flexofile; GII - reciprocating system with NiTiFlex files; GIII - rotary system with K3 instruments; GIV - rotary system with RaCe instruments. CBCT scans were taken before and after biomechanical preparation up to a #40.02 diameter. Canal transportation was determined by measuring the smallest distance between the inner canal walls and the mesial and distal sides of the root. The centralization ability corresponded to the difference between the measurements from transportation evaluation, using the linear voxel to voxel method of analysis. The mean transportation was 0.06 ± 0.14 mm, with a tendency to deviate to the mesial side of the root (n=22), with no statistically significant difference among the groups (p=0.4153). The mean centralization index was 0.15 ± 0.65 also without statistically significant difference among the groups (p=0.0881). It may be concluded that apical canal transportation and centralization ability were not influenced by the type of mechanical movement and instruments used.

Stress distribution on dentin-cement-post interface varying root canal and glass fiber post diameters. A three-dimensional finite element analysis based on micro-C data

Lazari, Priscilla Cardoso; Nunes de Oliveira, Rodrigo Caldeira; Anchieta, Rodolfo Bruniera; Almeida, Erika Oliveira de; Freitas Junior, Amilcar Chagas; Kina, Sidney; Rocha, Eduardo Passos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 511-517
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Processo FAPESP: 08/00209-9; Objective: The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of root canal and glass fiber post diameters on the biomechanical behavior of the dentin/cement/post interface of a root-filled tooth using 3D finite element analysis. Material and Methods: Six models were built using micro-CT imaging data and SolidWorks 2007 software, varying the root canal (C) and the glass fiber post (P) diameters: C1P1-C=1 mm and P=1 mm; C2P1-C=2 mm and P=1 mm; C2P2-C=2 mm and P=2 mm; C3P1-C=3 mm and P=1 mm; C3P2-C=3 mm and P=2 mm; and C3P3-C=3 mm and P=3 mm. The numerical analysis was conducted with ANSYS Workbench 10.0. An oblique force (180 N at 45) was applied to the palatal surface of the central incisor. The periodontal ligament surface was constrained on the three axes (x=y=z=0). Maximum principal stress (sigma(max)) values were evaluated for the root dentin, cement layer, and glass fiber post. Results: The most evident stress was observed in the glass fiber post at C3P1 (323 MPa), and the maximum stress in the cement layer occurred at C1P1 (43.2 MPa). The stress on the root dentin was almost constant in all models with a peak in tension at C2P1 (64.5 MPa). Conclusion: The greatest discrepancy between root canal and post diameters is favorable for stress concentration at the post surface. The dentin remaining after the various root canal preparations did not increase the stress levels on the root.

A microscopic analysis of the effects of root surface scaling with different power parameters of er,cr: YSGG laser

Oliveira, Guilherme José Pimentel Lopes de; Cominotte, Mariana Aline; Beraldo, Tamara Pádua Pereira; Sampaio, Jose Eduardo Cezar; Marcantonio, Rosemary Adriana Chiérici
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 529–535
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different power parameters of an Erbium, Cromium: Yttrium, Scandium, Gallium, Garnet laser (Er,Cr:YSGG laser) on the morphology, attachment of blood components (ABC), roughness, and wear on irradiated root surfaces. Sixty-five incisive bovine teeth were used in this study, 35 of which were used for the analysis of root surface morphology and ABC. The remaining 30 teeth were used for roughness and root wear analysis. The samples were randomly allocated into seven groups: G1: Er,Cr:YSGG laser, 0.5 W; G2: Er,Cr:YSGG laser, 1.0 W; G3: Er,Cr:YSGG laser, 1.5 W; G4: Er,Cr:YSGG laser, 2.0 W; G5: Er,Cr:YSGG laser, 2.5 W; G6: Er,Cr:YSGG laser, 3.0 W; G7: scaling and root planning (SRP) with manual curettes. The root surfaces irradiated by Er,Cr:YSGG at 1.0 W and scaling with manual curettes presented the highest degrees of ABC. The samples irradiated by the Er,Cr:YSGG laser were rougher than the samples treated by the manual curette, and increasing the laser power parameters caused more root wear and greater roughness on the root surface. The Er,Cr:YSGG laser is safe to use for periodontal treatment, but it is not appropriate to use irradiation greater than 1.0 W for this purpose. Microsc. Res. Tech. 78:529–535...

Variability of root traits in common bean genotypes at different levels of phosphorus supply and ontogenetic stages

Trindade,Roberto dos Santos; Araújo,Adelson Paulo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%
Selection of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars with enhanced root growth would be a strategy for increasing P uptake and grain yield in tropical soils, but the strong plasticity of root traits may compromise their inclusion in breeding programs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the magnitude of the genotypic variability of root traits in common bean plants at two ontogenetic stages and two soil P levels. Twenty-four common bean genotypes, comprising the four growth habits that exist in the species and two wild genotypes, were grown in 4 kg pots at two levels of applied P (20 and 80 mg kg-1) and harvested at the stages of pod setting and early pod filling. Root area and root length were measured by digital image analysis. Significant genotype × P level and genotype × harvest interactions in analysis of variance indicate that the genotypic variation of root traits depended on soil nutrient availability and the stage at which evaluation was made. Genotypes differed for taproot mass, basal and lateral root mass, root area and root length at both P levels and growth stages; differences in specific root area and length were small. Genotypes with growth habits II (upright indeterminate) and III (prostrate indeterminate) showed better adaptation to limited P supply than genotypes of groups I (determinate) and IV (indeterminate climbing). Between the two harvests...

Sample size for measurement of root traits on common bean by image analysis

Araújo,Adelson Paulo; Fernandes,Aurélio Magno; Kubota,Flavio Yuudi; Brasil,Felipe Costa; Teixeira,Marcelo Grandi
Fonte: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira Publicador: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
Evaluation of root traits may be facilitated if they are assessed on samples of the root system. The objective of this work was to determine the sample size of the root system in order to estimate root traits of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars by digital image analysis. One plant was grown per pot and harvested at pod setting, with 64 and 16 pots corresponding to two and four cultivars in the first and second experiments, respectively. Root samples were scanned up to the completeness of the root system and the root area and length were estimated. Scanning a root sample demanded 21 minutes, and scanning the entire root system demanded 4 hours and 53 minutes. In the first experiment, root area and length estimated with two samples showed, respectively, a correlation of 0.977 and 0.860, with these traits measured in the entire root. In the second experiment, the correlation was 0.889 and 0.915. The increase in the correlation with more than two samples was negligible. The two samples corresponded to 13.4% and 16.9% of total root mass (excluding taproot and nodules) in the first and second experiments. Taproot stands for a high proportion of root mass and must be deducted on root trait estimations. Samples with nearly 15% of total root mass produce reliable root trait estimates.

Analysis of proteins associated with storage root formation in cassava using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis

CABRAL,GLAUCIA B.; CARVALHO,LUIZ J.C.B.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Fisiologia Vegetal Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Fisiologia Vegetal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis analysis was performed on adventitious and storage root in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Adventitious root lacking swelling formation and swelled storage root were obtained from the accession WU104 grown in the green house of the Department of Biology in Washington University in St. Louis (MO-USA). Saline buffer-soluble proteins were extracted, separated in a high-resolution 2-D electrophoresis system, visualized with silver staining gel procedure, and digital image generate for further analysis. Quantitative and qualitative protein spots analysis was performed with a computer assisted image software system. Results revealed large variation in the complexity of the gel protein profile between the two root systems. About 90% of the protein spots appeared in the pI range value of 4.0 to 6.5 and between 14 to 80 Kda of molecular mass. Detailed computer assisted analysis of this gel allowed us to establish 5 distinct classes of protein based on spot quantification that could be associated with swelling and non-swelling roots. Variation in the complexity of protein pattern was related with different type of root. Whereas the adventitious root showed a more simple profile related to primary growth...

Performance of RaCe Instrumentation System in Curved Root Canals: A Comprehensive Analysis by Three Study Methods

Leonardi,Denise Piotto; Sydney,Gilson Blitzkow; Tanomaru Filho,Mario; Baratto-Filho,Flares; Baratto,Samantha Schaffer Pugsley; Cerri,Paulo Sergio
Fonte: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Fundação Odontológica de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
In this study, curved maxillary molar root canals were instrumented with RaCe rotary system to evaluate: 1. the occurrence of canal transportation using a radiographic platform; 2. the action of the instruments on the dentin walls, centering ability and canal enlargement by analysis of digital images; and the percentage of regular dentin surfaces and debris within the canal by histological analysis. Ten mesiobuccal roots of extracted human maxillary molars were embedded in acrylic resin and sectioned at the middle and apical thirds. Root canal shaping was performed using the RaCe rotary system at 250 rpm and 1 Ncm torque. Each instrument set was used five times according to a crown-down technique in the following sequence: 40/0.10, 35/0.08, 25/0.06, 25/0.04, 25/0.02 (working length - WL), 30/0.02 (WL) and 35/0.02 (WL). Each instrument was inserted until resistance was felt and then pulled back, followed by brushing movements towards all canal walls. Each specimen was assessed by three study methods: radiographic platform, digitized image assessment and histological analysis. The radiographic platform showed lack of apical transportation. No statistically significant difference (Wilcoxon test, p>0.05) was found between the middle and apical thirds regarding instrument action on dentin walls...

Grapevine root distribution in drip and microsprinkler irrigation

Bassoi,Luis Henrique; Hopmans,Jan W.; Jorge,Lúcio André de Castro; Alencar,Cristina Miranda de; Silva,José Antonio Moura e
Fonte: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" Publicador: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) yield and its quality are dependent of the status of the root system. Root distribution information is also valuable for soil and water management. An analysis of methods to evaluate the root distribution of grapevines for both, drip and microsprinkler irrigation in a Typic Acrustox is presented for the table grape cv. Italia grafted on the rootstock IAC-313, in northeastern Brazil. Measured root parameters using the monolith method were root dry weight (Dw) and root length density (Lv), while root area (Ap) was estimated using the soil profile method in combination with digital image analysis. For both irrigation systems, roots were present to the 1 m soil depth and extended laterally to 1 m distance from the trunk, but grapevines irrigated by microsprinkler showed greater root presence as the distance from the trunk increased. Values of Ap were reasonably well correlated to Dw and Lv. However, correlation values were higher when fractional root distribution was used. The soil profile method in combination with image analysis techniques, allows proper grapevine root distribution evaluation.

Stress distribution on dentin-cement-post interface varying root canal and glass fiber post diameters. A three-dimensional finite element analysis based on micro-CT data

LAZARI,Priscilla Cardoso; OLIVEIRA,Rodrigo Caldeira Nunes de; ANCHIETA,Rodolfo Bruniera; ALMEIDA,Erika Oliveira de; FREITAS JUNIOR,Amilcar Chagas; KINA,Sidney; ROCHA,Eduardo Passos
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Objective: The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of root canal and glass fiber post diameters on the biomechanical behavior of the dentin/cement/post interface of a root-filled tooth using 3D finite element analysis. Material and Methods: Six models were built using micro-CT imaging data and SolidWorks 2007 software, varying the root canal (C) and the glass fiber post (P) diameters: C1P1-C=1 mm and P=1 mm; C2P1-C=2 mm and P=1 mm; C2P2-C=2 mm and P=2 mm; C3P1-C=3 mm and P=1 mm; C3P2-C=3 mm and P=2 mm; and C3P3-C=3 mm and P=3 mm. The numerical analysis was conducted with ANSYS Workbench 10.0. An oblique force (180 N at 45º) was applied to the palatal surface of the central incisor. The periodontal ligament surface was constrained on the three axes (x=y=z=0). Maximum principal stress (σmax) values were evaluated for the root dentin, cement layer, and glass fiber post. Results: The most evident stress was observed in the glass fiber post at C3P1 (323 MPa), and the maximum stress in the cement layer occurred at C1P1 (43.2 MPa). The stress on the root dentin was almost constant in all models with a peak in tension at C2P1 (64.5 MPa). CONCLUSION: The greatest discrepancy between root canal and post diameters is favorable for stress concentration at the post surface. The dentin remaining after the various root canal preparations did not increase the stress levels on the root.

Do ectomycorrhizal and arbuscular mycorrhizal temperate tree species systematically differ in root order-related fine root morphology and biomass?

Kubisch, Petra; Hertel, Dietrich; Leuschner, Christoph
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 11/02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
While most temperate broad-leaved tree species form ectomycorrhizal (EM) symbioses, a few species have arbuscular mycorrhizas (AM). It is not known whether EM and AM tree species differ systematically with respect to fine root morphology, fine root system size and root functioning. In a species-rich temperate mixed forest, we studied the fine root morphology and biomass of three EM and three AM tree species from the genera Acer, Carpinus, Fagus, Fraxinus, and Tilia searching for principal differences between EM and AM trees. We further assessed the evidence of convergence or divergence in root traits among the six co-occurring species. Eight fine root morphological and chemical traits were investigated in root segments of the first to fourth root order in three different soil depths and the relative importance of the factors root order, tree species and soil depth for root morphology was determined. Root order was more influential than tree species while soil depth had only a small effect on root morphology All six species showed similar decreases in specific root length and specific root area from the 1st to the 4th root order, while the species patterns differed considerably in root tissue density, root N concentration, and particularly with respect to root tip abundance. Most root morphological traits were not significantly different between EM and AM species (except for specific root area that was larger in AM species)...

Sample size for measurement of root traits on common bean by image analysis.

ARAÚJO, A.P.; FERNANDES, A.M.; KUBOTA, F.Y.; BRASIL, F.C.; TEIXEIRA, M.G.
Fonte: Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, Brasília, DF, v. 39, n. 4, p. 313-318, abr. 2004. Publicador: Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, Brasília, DF, v. 39, n. 4, p. 313-318, abr. 2004.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
Evaluation of root traits may be facilitated if they are assessed on samples of the root system. The objective of this work was to determine the sample size of the root system in order to estimate root traits of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars by digital image analysis. One plant was grown per pot and harvested at pod setting, with 64 and 16 pots corresponding to two and four cultivars in the first and second experiments, respectively. Root samples were scanned up to the completeness of the root system and the root area and length were estimated. Scanning a root sample demanded 21 minutes, and scanning the entire root system demanded 4 hours and 53 minutes. In the first experiment, root area and length estimated with two samples showed, respectively, a correlation of 0.977 and 0.860, with these traits measured in the entire root. In the second experiment, the correlation was 0.889 and 0.915. The increase in the correlation with more than two samples was negligible. The two samples corresponded to 13.4% and 16.9% of total root mass (excluding taproot and nodules) in the first and second experiments. Taproot stands for a high proportion of root mass and must be deducted on root trait estimations. Samples with nearly 15% of total root mass produce reliable root trait estimates.; 2004

Genetic and biological characterisation of resistance to root lesion nematode Pratylenchus thornei in wheat.

Linsell, Katherine Joanne
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Root lesion nematodes of the genus Pratylenchus feed and reproduce in the root cortex of many plant species, including wheat. Migration through root tissue causes extensive root damage, and in turn severe reductions in growth and yield. In Australia, one of the most prevalent and widespread species affecting wheat is Pratylenchus thornei. Due to the wide host range of Pratylenchus spp. and the restrictions and inefficiency of chemical pesticides, the development of resistant cultivars has become increasingly important. Despite the identification and investigation of several resistance sources and resistance quantitative trait loci (QTL), no P. thornei resistance has been integrated into commercial cultivars. In addition, prior to this study, the biological resistance mechanisms of wheat against P. thornei were not well characterised. The identification of novel sources of genetic resistance in wheat and understanding of the biological mechanisms will allow effective combinations of genes either to be used alternatively or pyramided to generate effective and stable Pratylenchus resistance. The major objectives of the study were to identify genetic loci associated with P. thornei resistance and to investigate the associated biological mechanisms in a double haploid wheat population developed from a cross between the synthetically derived Sokoll and the Australian adapted Krichauff parental lines. The resistance to P. thornei observed in the Sokoll x Krichauff wheat population is complex and under the control of several loci which suppress all nematode developmental stages. The four main components of the root invasion process by Pratylenchus: root attraction...

Distribuição radicular de videiras irrigadas por gotejamento e microaspersão; Grapevine root distribution in drip and microsprinkler irrigation

Bassoi, Luis Henrique; Hopmans, Jan W.; Jorge, Lúcio André de Castro; Alencar, Cristina Miranda de; Silva, José Antonio Moura e
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2003 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
A produção de uva (Vitis vinifera L.) em termos quantitativos e qualitativos depende do estado das raízes. Além disso, informações sobre a distribuição radicular são úteis para o manejo de solo e água. Por isso, uma análise de métodos para a avaliação da distribuição radicular de videiras cv. Itália / IAC 313 num Latossolo Vermelho Amarelo irrigadas por gotejamento e microaspersão foi realizada em Petrolina – PE e Juazeiro - BA, no Vale do São Francisco. Os parâmetros medidos pelo método do monolito foram a matéria seca (Dw) e densidade de comprimento de raízes (Lv), enquanto a área de raízes (Ap) foi estimada pelo método do perfil de solo combinado com a análise de imagens digitais. Para ambos os sistemas de irrigação, as raízes estiveram presentes até 1 m de profundidade e estenderam-se lateralmente até 1 m de distância do tronco, mas as videiras irrigadas por microaspersão apresentaram uma maior presença de raízes com o aumento da distância do tronco. Os valores de Ap apresentaram uma boa correlação com Dw e Lv, mas essa correlação foi maior quando se utilizou a distribuição fracional de cada parâmetro. O método do perfil auxiliado pela análise de imagem digital permite a avaliação da distribuição radicular.; Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) yield and its quality are dependent of the status of the root system. Root distribution information is also valuable for soil and water management. An analysis of methods to evaluate the root distribution of grapevines for both...