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Modelagem da carteira dos recursos energéticos no PIR: validação do modelo no PIR de Araçatuba.; Energy resources portfolio model in the IERP: a case of study in the administrative region of Araçatuba.

Biague, Mário Fernandes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/05/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
O objetivo desta tese é construir um modelo de composição de carteiras de recursos energéticos dentro do Planejamento Integrado de Recursos Energéticos (PIR), aplicável em uma determinada região ou país. Este modelo inclui as etapas de definição do espaço geográfico de estudo, o mapeamento de recursos, a caracterização dos recursos energéticos existentes e sua valoração. Após estas etapas, é feita a composição de carteiras energéticas, seguida pela construção de cenários e análise de riscos e incertezas para a definição da carteira preferencial dos recursos energéticos da região. Como ferramentas de apoio, são adaptados modelos matemáticos aplicados em sistemas financeiros para a seleção e análise de carteiras de investimentos, modelos para a avaliação de riscos e incertezas, o software de Planejamento de Alternativas Energéticas de Longo Alcance (LEAP) para a criação de cenários e previsão da demanda energética e o software Decision Lens (DL) para o ranqueamento e a alocação de recursos financeiros dos recursos energéticos dentro da carteira definida, considerando as dimensões técnico-econômico, ambiental, social e política. A caracterização dos recursos energéticos envolve o levantamento das características socioeconômicas...

Modelo de cômputo e valoração de potenciais completos de recursos energéticos para o planejamento integrado de recursos.; Model for the accouting and valuation of energy resources full potentials within the integrated resource planning.

Baitelo, Ricardo Lacerda
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
Esta tese apresenta a metodologia de cômputo e valoração de potenciais completos de recursos energéticos no âmbito do Planejamento Integrado de Recursos. A metodologia é genérica a diferentes tipos de recursos dos lados de oferta e demanda - e flexível a fim de permitir sua aplicação em diferentes regiões. A etapa de cômputo e valoração de potenciais é de suma importância no processo de planejamento integrado de recursos e sua metodologia consiste na transformação de informações prévias relativas às dimensões de análise em potenciais completos. Para tanto, são confeccionados algoritmos de cômputo e valoração, capazes de converter o conteúdo qualitativo ou relativo de cada atributo em valores absolutos ou diagnósticos quantitativos. Estes potenciais alimentam as etapas subsequentes do PIR tais como o Ranqueamento de Recursos e o Plano Preferencial Integrado de Recursos. O Planejamento Integrado de Recursos Energéticos é, por natureza, uma metodologia de análise de implementação de recursos energéticos com base em seus potenciais holísticos, de acordo com variáveis espaciais e temporais. Para tanto, a metodologia do PIR parte de um conjunto de recursos energéticos disponíveis e aponta dentre estes quais devem ser preferencialmente aproveitados em um dado cenário...

Os planos de recursos hídricos e suas influências sobre as práticas de gestão nos comitês de bacias: um estudo de caso nas bacias hidrográficas dos rios Piracicaba, Capivari e Jundiaí; The water resources plans and their influences in management practices in the basin committees: a case study in Piracicaba, Capivari and Jundiaí river basins

Léo, Eduardo Cuoco
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/06/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
A instituição da Política Nacional de Recursos Hídricos, em 1997, deu força aos planos de recursos hídricos como instrumentos para gestão da água com viés preditivo e programático. Tal instrumento ganha importância diante de cenários onde o uso da água se dá em situações cada vez mais críticas e conflituosas. As Bacias Hidrográficas dos Rios Piracicaba, Capivari e Jundiaí, constituem uma importante unidade em termos de gestão da água no Brasil por possuir características naturais e antrópicas que conferem um caráter frequentemente tenso no acesso à água. Diante desta realidade, mecanismos sofisticados foram desenvolvidos na busca de melhor convivência entre os diferentes segmentos interessados nos recursos hídricos desta região. Há também uma rica experiência com a constituição de planos de recursos hídricos nas bacias PCJ. Esta investigação visou entender a relação entre os planos de recursos hídricos com a forma, a profundidade e a maturidade da gestão da água nas bacias PCJ. Foram explorados dois eixos complementares de investigação: i) a evolução na implementação das políticas e dos sistemas de gerenciamento de recursos hídricos nas bacias PCJ e ii) a evolução do planejamento de recursos hídricos nas bacias PCJ. Utilizaram-se métodos baseados na pesquisa documental e na análise de conteúdo. Detectou-se uma implantação gradual de sistemas para gestão dos recursos hídricos na região. Inicialmente foram observadas situações onde se intensificaram os conflitos. Posteriormente...

Open educational resources : higher education students’ knowledge and use

Alves, Paulo; Miranda, Luisa; Morais, Carlos
Fonte: Academic conferences and publishing international limited Publicador: Academic conferences and publishing international limited
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
Information and communication technologies represent one of the main innovation factors within the teaching and learning process, especially in Higher Education. In this context, the search for building useful and grounded knowledge using strategies which meet students’ needs and interests requires the use of innovative resources, among which we highlight digital educational resources, particularly open educational resources (OER). The open educational resources issue has deserved the attention of teachers, students and institutions. Considering the present situation as well as the importance given to OER and to the role these may play in supporting learning, the aims of this paper are as follows: assess the digital educational resources features most valued by higher education students; verify the extent to which students’ IT knowledge influences their assessment of digital educational resources; identify the knowledge that higher education students have of OER; assess the knowledge that higher education students have of open educational resources platforms. In order to achieve the proposed aims, we focus our attention on open educational resources, starting by assessing digital educational resources’ features as well as the connection between students’ IT knowledge and that same assessment. We also assess the knowledge that higher education students have of OER as well as of their corresponding platforms. The data was obtained through a questionnaire conducted within a sample of 315 students at a Portuguese higher education institution. Among the results obtained...

Regulatory Frameworks for Water Resources Management : A Comparative Study

Salman, Salman M. A.; Bradlow, Daniel
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Water is a scarce and finite resource with no substitute, and upon which the very existence of life on earth depends. The challenges facing water resources are daunting. The Millennium Development Goals aim, inter alia, at reducing by half, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation. Although progress thus far is not encouraging, it is hoped that necessary actions will be taken to achieve this goal during the remaining period. Such actions include financial, institutional, and legal measures. Indeed, without the appropriate legal framework, the ability of the state to regulate, control, and allocate its water resources is hampered; its role in ensuring their efficient and proper use is hindered; and its right to protect those resources is challenged. This study of the regulatory frameworks for water resources management examines water legislation in sixteen jurisdictions, and highlights, in a comparative manner, the key elements needed for an effective regulatory framework. Chapter 1 traces the relevance and importance assigned to water legislation by the different international conferences and forums...

Natural Resources Governance : Way Forward Action Plan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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A 2003 World Bank study, "Governance of Natural Resources in the Philippines," analyzed natural resources management and governance in the Philippines. It assessed sector policies, particularly property rights, institutions, and financing mechanisms as well as program implementation. The study concluded that implementation failures in the Department arose from: (a) Unclear institutional mandates between national and local governments; (b) Lack of sustained financing at the national level and limited generation of revenues at the local level for natural resources management; (c) Protracted procedures in the issuance of forestry tenure instruments and difficulties in the enforcement of provisions of agreements; (d) Lack of equivalent tenure instruments for coastal waters and resources; (e) Administrative constraints, such as inadequate funds and personnel to carry out sustainable natural resources management; and, (f) Insufficient capacity, accountability and transparency in public and private institutions responsible for natural resources management. Because the Governance study stopped short of proposing a way forward, this follow-on activity was designed to develop an actionable follow-on plan that could be translated into short-term to medium-term investments. This follow-on study had the following specific objectives: (a) A Policy Review of the various legislations...

Arab Republic of Egypt : Integrated Water Resources Management Plan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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The challenges facing the water sector in Egypt are enormous and require the mobilization of all resources and the management of these resources in an integrated manner. Changes in the way water resources are currently allocated and managed are inevitable. Accordingly, a National Water Resources Plan for Egypt (NWRP) was launched. The NWRP is a comprehensive document which describes how Egypt will safeguard its water resources in the future, both with respect to quantity and quality, and how it will use these resources in the best way from a socio-economic and environmental point of view. The NWRP needs to be augmented by a transitional strategy including further reform interventions which ensure smooth and enhanced streamlining with Integrated Water Resources Management principles and approaches. The current integrated water resources management plan (IWRM Plan) has been prepared to serve the later concerns and is intended to be a complementary, action-oriented, implementation framework to the NWRP. It addresses the gaps in NWRP and provides for additional measures and provisions which facilitate the transition towards an integrated management approach within the water sector. The IWRM Plan assesses the current water resources management setup and practices along with the ongoing reform efforts led by the MWRI. The Plan identifies the actions agreed upon as major interventions to pursue an effective integrated framework for water management over the next 15 years. Thirty Nine actions falling under 11 major categories are proposed: Institutional reform and strengthening; policies and legislations; physical interventions; capacity building; technological and information systems; water quality; economic and financial framework; research; raising awareness for IWRM; monitoring and evaluation; and trans-boundary cooperation.

Brazil - Municipal Education : Resources, Incentives, and Results, voume 1. Policy Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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The study comprises two volumes on the use of public resources to provide educational services in Brazilian municipalities, by which the policy report (volume 1) presents recommendations, based on the research report (volume 2). This research outlines the policy context, objectives, and methodology practiced, to then focus on the extent to which municipalities benefited from efforts designed to provide additional resources for education. A description, and analysis of the patterns of change in the availability of resources, documents the substantial redirection in resources from State governments to Municipal governments that took place during 1996-02, and likewise, from prosperous municipalities, to relatively less prosperous ones, while discussions, and analyses on the composition of expenditures explore issues on the municipal management of such resources, in particular, on specific issues regarding teachers as related to municipal management of resources. The econometric analysis of the educational impact of additional resources...

Water Resources Management in South Eastern Europe, Volume 1. Issues and Directions

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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This two-volume report seeks to examine key issues and strategic concerns regarding water resources management (WRM) at the national and transboundary levels in the South Eastern Europe (SEE) region, documents the approach adopted by the SEE countries to address their water challenges, identifies ways of strengthening both WRM regimes and international cooperation to optimize resources management, and makes recommendations for future action. Most of the analysis and assessment included in the report is based on the brief Country Water Notes and Country Water Fact Sheets presented in Volume 2. These notes provide a brief description of the socioeconomic and geographical context and development objectives pursued in each country and their implications for water resources management. WRM includes such crosscutting issues, such as river basin management, flood and watershed management monitoring, institutional management, inter-sectoral water allocation, and water quality management. Volume 1 comprises four chapters. Chapter 1 is a description of the water resource base at the regional level. It includes an assessment of past and present trends in water use by sector. Chapter 2 analyzes key water issues in each of the focus countries...

Water Resources Management in South Eastern Europe : Volume 2. Country Water Notes and Water Fact Sheets

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
This two-volume report seeks to examine key issues and strategic concerns regarding water resources management (WRM) at the national and transboundary levels in the South Eastern Europe (SEE) region, documents the approach adopted by the SEE countries to address their water challenges, identifies ways of strengthening both WRM regimes and international cooperation to optimize resources management, and makes recommendations for future action. Most of the analysis and assessment included in the report is based on the brief Country Water Notes and Country Water Fact Sheets presented in Volume 2. These notes provide a brief description of the socioeconomic and geographical context and development objectives pursued in each country and their implications for water resources management. WRM includes such crosscutting issues, such as river basin management, flood and watershed management monitoring, institutional management, inter-sectoral water allocation, and water quality management. Volume 1 comprises four chapters. Chapter 1 is a description of the water resource base at the regional level. It includes an assessment of past and present trends in water use by sector. Chapter 2 analyzes key water issues in each of the focus countries...

Toward Integrated Water Resources Management in Armenia

Yu, Winston; Cestti, Rita A.; Lee, Ju Young
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
The proper management of water resources plays a key role in the socioeconomic development of Armenia. On average, Armenia has sufficient water resources. Taking into account all available water resources in the country, Armenia has sufficient resources to supply approximately 3,100 cubic meters per capita per year well above the typically cited Falkenmark water stress indicator of 1,700 cubic meters per capita per year. These water resources are not evenly divided in space and time with significant seasonal and annual variability in river runoff. In order to address temporal variations in river runoff, the country has built 87 dams with a total capacity of 1.4 billion cubic meters. Most of these dams are single purpose, mainly for irrigation. Armenia also has considerable groundwater resources, which play an important role in the overall water balance. About 96 percent of the water used for drinking purposes and about 40 percent of water abstracted in the country comes from groundwater. Irrigation remains the largest consumptive user.

The water resources research act of 1964 ; an assessment

Library of Congress -- Environment and Natural Resources Policy Division; Viessman, Warren; Caudill, Christopher K; United States -- Congress. -- Senate. -- Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. -- Subcommittee on Energy Research and Water Resources
Fonte: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: vii, [1], 142 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //1976 ENGLISH
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(Bibliography) Includes bibliographical references.; Prepared by Warren Viessman and Christopher K. Caudill.; At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.; (Statement of Responsibility) prepared by the Environment and Natural Resources Policy Division, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, at the request of Frank Church, Chairman, Subcommittee on Energy Research and Water Resources of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, March 1976.

The importance of flowering resources to the ecology of the western pygmy possum, Cercartetus concinnus.

Horner, Briony Ruth
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
The basic requirements of a species are food, space and shelter. The presence of these resources and their availability and quality will influence population patterns. This relationship is not a simple one as both the resources being used and the consumers’ needs are variable. Resources are generally heterogeneous rather than homogeneous, in that their availability is subject to spatio-temporal variation. Consumers’ needs are driven by their resource requirements which may vary over time, for example, the needs of each animal will change with age and reproductive patterns. Species that depend on heterogeneous resources will often reflect this in their ecological patterns including abundance, distribution, reproductive success and timing, physiology, movements, use of space, territorial behaviour, foraging behaviour and diet. The aim of this study was to describe the influence of a spatially and temporally heterogeneous food resource on the ecological patterns of an animal species that uses them. This relationship was considered in the demographic patterns, foraging behaviour, diet and feeding preferences of the western pygmy possum, Cercartetus concinnus. The study was based on 261 individuals captured 452 times over 43,200 trap nights and 24 trapping periods between July 1997 and June 1999. This species is a small marsupial that is known to use pollen and nectar in its diet. Nectarivorous animals are particularly vulnerable to the fluctuations of their highly variable food resource and provide a good case for the study of the effects of heterogeneous resources. Newland Head Conservation Park in southern South Australia was chosen as the study site since it provides a year round cycle of flowering resources and the opportunity to monitor a population as it responded to spatial and temporal resource heterogeneity without the extreme fluctuations in population density that can occur in arid areas. The influence of heterogeneous food resources was evident in most aspects of this species’ ecology...

Potential Sand and Gravel Resources of the Canton 30 x 60-Minute Quadrangle, Ohio

Pavey, Richard R.; Aden, Douglas J.; Larsen, Glenn E.; Angle, Michael P.; Wolfe, Mark E.
Fonte: Ohio Department of Natural Resources Publicador: Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Tipo: Map
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR), Division of Geological Survey has completed a reconnaissance map showing areas of mineable sand and gravel resources in the Canton, Ohio, 30 x 60-minute 1:100,000-scale quadrangle. The main purpose of this map was to create a reconnaissance-level map that would show the potential for mining sand-and-gravel in this quadrangle. The map shows areas of surficial materials in increments of 10 feet and then differentiates sand, sand and gravel, and ice-contact deposits from finer grained materials, such as glacial till, lacustrine clay and silt, and alluvial materials. The sand and sand-and-gravel units include both surficial and buried outwash and valley train deposits and ice-contact deposits, such as kames, kame terraces, and eskers. This map was created to show the total thickness or accumulation of sand and gravel in the Canton 30 x 60-minute quadrangle. The thickness of sand-and-gravel deposits helps determine if it is economically viable.; United States Geological Survey: National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program, Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition

Potential Sand and Gravel Resources of the Mansfield 30 x 60 minute quadrangle

Venteris, Eric R.; Shrake, Douglas L.; Larsen, Glenn E.; Pavey, Richard R.; Schumacher, Gregory A.
Fonte: Ohio Department of Natural Resources; Division of Geological Survey Publicador: Ohio Department of Natural Resources; Division of Geological Survey
Tipo: Map
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
The Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR), Division of Geological Survey has completed a reconnaissance map showing areas of mineable sand and gravel resources in the Mansfield, Ohio, 30 x 60 minute (scale 1:100,000) quadrangle. The main purpose of this map was to create a reconnaissance-level map that would show the potential for mining sand and gravel in this quadrangle. The map shows areas of surficial materials in increments of 10 feet and then differentiates sand, sand and gravel, and ice-contact deposits from finer grained materials, such as glacial till, lacustrine clay and silt, and alluvial materials. The sand and sand-and-gravel units include both surficial and buried outwash and valley train deposits and ice-contact deposits, such as kames, kame terraces, and eskers. To determine if a sand-and-gravel deposit was economically viable, this map shows the total thickness or accumulation of sand and gravel in the Mansfield 30 x 60-minute quadrangle.; United States Geological Survey: National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program, Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition

China Country Water Resources Partnership Strategy (2013-2020)

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
This report presents the outcome of the World Bank's analytical and advisory work to assess the status of water resources development and the key water issues and challenges facing the country. The Bank has also reviewed its history of cooperation with the Government of China in recent decades, and notes the remarkable achievements China has made in developing the water sector. The report proposes solutions for tackling the enormous challenges facing China in the sector. The central priority is to ensure sustainable utilization and management of water, land and related resources at the national, basin, regional and local levels. Despite relatively poor endowments of land and water by international standards, China's economy has developed extremely rapidly over the last three decades, supporting 21 percent of the world's population with 9 percent of the world's arable land and only 6 percent of the world's water while simultaneously lifting some 400 million people out of poverty. It is noted in the national water resources master plan recently completed by the Ministry of Water Resources (MWR) and the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) that China's water resources are under stress from the combined demands of agriculture...

Managing Water for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction : A Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy for Zambia

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The country water resources assistance strategy for Zambia provides an analysis of the role of water in the economy and identifies the specific challenges, development opportunities and policies which inform an agreed framework for priority areas of assistance. Zambia lies entirely within the catchments of the Zambezi and Congo rivers and all internal runoff is shared by downstream and parallel riparian countries. This strategic geographic position in the upper reaches of both these catchments provides an important context for any water resources development. Zambia has played an important role in development of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) revised protocol on shared water courses (2000) and is engaged in the process of developing co-operative mechanisms with riparian states. However, the existing legal framework explicitly excludes any provisions for addressing issues on shared waters in the Zambezi and Luapula rivers, along with that portion of the Luangwa River which constitutes the boundary between Zambia and Mozambique. These account for more than 60 percent of Zambia's water resources. Economic development is undermined by physical scarcity of water. Despite the relative abundance...

Philippines : Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy 2003

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The Water Resources Sector Strategy (WRSS) supports implementation of the Bank's 1993 Water Resources Management Policy, using the experience updated internationally, with water resources and management. This country Water Resources Assistance Strategy (CWRAS) identifies the Philippines principal water resource challenges, the current situation, how the Bank is assisting at present, and what it should in the future. In summary this strategy can be summarized as follows: 1) Bank assistance should translate the rhetoric of water conservation, and sustainability, into practical-realistic programs, and policies; 2) focus should be on promoting cooperation of local government units (LGUs), and water users themselves, and, on following a "bottom-up and top-down" approach, that includes active participation of water users, in addition to developing infrastructure, and management into water resources projects; 3) water resource management (WRM) initiatives should respect cultural practices, which have evolved to provide sustainable WRM in a micro-watershed context. Indigenous water systems provide clues to how WRM should be rooted in the socio-cultural context; and...

Mozambique Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy : Making Water Work for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
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36.39%
Mozambique's continuous efforts to sustain economic growth and reduce poverty face a number of constraints including its economic and political history, and its geography and climatic conditions. It is widely accepted that future economic growth of the country will continue to rely on its natural resources base and, specifically, on sustainable use of land and water resources. Mozambique has plentiful land and water resources that provide great potential for the production of a variety of crops, livestock development and industrial growth. However, high climate variability resulting in frequent recurrent droughts and floods, limited water resources availability in the most developed southern part of the country, high dependency on international water resources and very limited water management infrastructure result in the economy being highly vulnerable to water shocks and water being a constraint on growth and poverty reduction. The development of Mozambique Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy (CWRAS) was complementary to the Bank Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) process supporting its approach and priorities. It is consistent with the country's development priorities as defined in Second Poverty Reduction Support Strategy (PARPA II) and the sector priorities identified in the national water resources management strategy. The CWRAS' recommendations build upon the Bank's specific strengths vis-a-vis other development donors and...

The Role of “Livelihood” Natural Resources in Conflict and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding

Menke, Brianna
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project Formato: 993569 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Much attention has been paid to the role of high-value natural resources—timber, diamonds, oil, gas, etc.—in exacerbating and sustaining violent conflicts worldwide. However, a number of other, less prominent “livelihood” resources also play a role in, or are affected by, conflicts. Examples of these resources include cocoa in the Ivory Coast, bananas in Somalia and Colombia, charcoal in Somalia, and coffee in Colombia. In some cases, these resources have been used to fund conflicts; in other cases, the production of these resources as a source of livelihoods has sparked shortages and conflict over other resources; and in other cases, conflicts have arisen over control of these resources as a source of valuable income. In order to strengthen the transition to peace in post-conflict societies, it is important to address the role of these "livelihood" natural resources in peacebuilding efforts, including how these resources and their revenue can be better managed to help prevent a return to conflict. This project explores the various roles that livelihood natural resources play in violent conflicts as well as what post-conflict measures may be taken in order to improve the management of these resources as a central component of peacebuilding...