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Compressão espaço-tempo no romance Kiss of the Fur Queen de Tomson Highway

Rosa, Victor Pereira da; Patim, Isabel Nena
Fonte: Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa Publicador: Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
O romance de Highway Kiss of the Fur Queen conta-nos a história de dois irmãos Cree e das suas viagens, físicas e espirituais. A inclusão das duas crianças no sistema de ensino das escolas residenciais canadianas tem um impacto profundamente negativo no desenvolvimento da sua identidade e no modo como, a partir desse momento, se relacionam com a comunidade e cultura aborígenes. Se, por um lado, a abordagem pós-moderna de Harvey contribui para entendermos a dupla identidade das personagens, resultante da experiência na escola residencial, a abordagem pós-moderna de Hutcheon da ficção canadiana permite-nos ler este romance com traços autobiográficos à luz de uma das temáticas que reflectem as ambivalências do Canadá: a dualidade nativo/colonial. Highway’s novel Kiss of the Fur Queen tells us the story of two Cree brothers and their journeys, both physical and spiritual. The inclusion of those two children in the educational system of Canadian residential schools has a strong negative impact in the development of their identity and in the way, from that moment on, they interact with the aboriginal community and culture. If, on one side, Harvey’s postmodern approach contributes to the understanding of the double identity of the characters as a result of the experience in the residential school...

Capital humano e capital urbano: o impacto das escolas nos preços dos imóveis no município de São Paulo; The impacts of schools into housing prices in the municipality of São Paulo

Amrein, Carla Jucá
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/09/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
A presente dissertação tem o objetivo de investigar o impacto da proximidade e da qualidade das escolas no preço das residências do município de São Paulo. Mais especificamente, o estudo avalia como o mercado imobiliário de residências capitaliza a presença e a qualidade das escolas públicas e privadas de Ensino Fundamental de primeira a quarta série. São Paulo combina um sistema de ensino público que tem a regra de matrícula baseada na proximidade da residência à escola com um sistema privado bem desenvolvido, disponibilizando cerca de 800 escolas apenas neste nível de ensino. Utilizando uma extensa base de dados de lançamentos residenciais no período de janeiro de 2002 a março de 2008, foram encontradas evidências de que, em média, o mercado imobiliário da cidade de São Paulo não capitaliza a proximidade nem a qualidade das escolas, tanto públicas quanto privadas. Fatores como a proximidade aos principais centros de empregos da cidade e características da vizinhança, como proximidade a favelas, parecem prevalecer no processo de decisão sobre a localização da residência. Todos esses resultados foram obtidos através da estimação de modelos hedônicos cuja especificação foi definida com base nos modelos de economia urbana e nos princípios de economia espacial.; The aim of this dissertation is to measure how the housing market in the city of São Paulo capitalizes the proximity and the quality of public and private primary schools. São Paulo combines a public system with registration based on the residences proximity to school with a well developed private system...

Racial residential segregation: a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health.

Williams, D. R.; Collins, C.
Fonte: Association of Schools of Public Health Publicador: Association of Schools of Public Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
Racial residential segregation is a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health. The physical separation of the races by enforced residence in certain areas is an institutional mechanism of racism that was designed to protect whites from social interaction with blacks. Despite the absence of supportive legal statutes, the degree of residential segregation remains extremely high for most African Americans in the United States. The authors review evidence that suggests that segregation is a primary cause of racial differences in socioeconomic status (SES) by determining access to education and employment opportunities. SES in turn remains a fundamental cause of racial differences in health. Segregation also creates conditions inimical to health in the social and physical environment. The authors conclude that effective efforts to eliminate racial disparities in health must seriously confront segregation and its pervasive consequences.

Physical and behavioral health of adults with mental retardation across residential settings.

Freedman, Ruth I.; Chassler, Deborah
Fonte: Association of Schools of Public Health Publicador: Association of Schools of Public Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
OBJECTIVES: This article presents survey data about the health and behavioral characteristics of a randomly selected sample of 629 adults with mental retardation (MR) living in Massachusetts in 2000. The goals of this analysis were to: describe the health, behavioral, and functional characteristics of the sample; examine relationships between consumer health, behavior problems, and functioning; and analyze variations in health and behavior problems by type of residential setting (parent/relative home, community residence, or institutional setting). METHODS: The authors analyzed data obtained from interviews with proxies (relatives, guardians, advocates, or program staff) on behalf of consumers and from state agency records. Chi-square analyses were conducted to examine the relationships between health, behavioral, and functional characteristics of consumers and differences in health and behaviors by type of residence. RESULTS: More than 80% of consumers were reported to have either "excellent" or "good" health. Overall health status did not significantly vary by residential type, but was significantly related to the presence of additional disabilities and some functional limitations. Several health and behavioral measures varied significantly by residential type: recent physical...

Residential injuries in U.S. children and adolescents.

Phelan, Kieran J.; Khoury, Jane; Kalkwarf, Heidi; Lanphear, Bruce
Fonte: Association of Schools of Public Health Publicador: Association of Schools of Public Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
OBJECTIVES: Injuries are the leading cause of death and disability for U.S. children, but little research exists on injury in the home environment. The purpose of this study was to estimate the rate and severity of and trends in unintentional residential injury for U.S. children <20 years for 1993-1999. METHODS: Data on emergency department (ED) visits were obtained from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). Rates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using SUDAAN. Chi-square analysis was used to test for differences among proportions. Time trends were analyzed using linear regression. RESULTS: Residential injuries accounted for an average of 4.01 million (95% CI 3.50 million, 4.56 million) ED visits each year for U.S. children, representing 39% of unintentional injury ED visits. There were an average of 531,000 (95% CI 456,000, 606,000) visits with moderate-to-severe injuries, resulting in 73,680 (95% CI 59,715, 87,645) hospital admissions annually. The rate of residential injury visits (excluding unknown locations) was 5.6 per 100 (95% CI 4.9 per 100, 6.4 per 100). The visit rates for children <5 years of age were higher than those for children >9 years (p<0.0001). Males had a higher rate of visits than females (p=0.01). Falls were the leading mechanisms...

The intergenerational effects of Indian Residential Schools: Implications for the concept of historical trauma

Bombay, Amy; Matheson, Kimberly; Anisman, Hymie
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
The current paper reviews research that has explored the intergenerational effects of the Indian Residential School (IRS) system in Canada, in which Aboriginal children were forced to live at schools where various forms of neglect and abuse were common. Intergenerational IRS trauma continues to undermine the well-being of today’s Aboriginal population, and having a familial history of IRS attendance has also been linked with more frequent contemporary stressor experiences and relatively greater effects of stressors on well-being. It is also suggested that familial IRS attendance across several generations within a family appears to have cumulative effects. Together, these findings provide empirical support for the concept of historical trauma, which takes the perspective that the consequences of numerous and sustained attacks against a group may accumulate over generations and interact with proximal stressors to undermine collective well-being. As much as historical trauma might be linked to pathology, it is not possible to go back in time to assess how previous traumas endured by Aboriginal peoples might be related to subsequent responses to IRS trauma. Nonetheless, the currently available research demonstrating the intergenerational effects of IRSs provides support for the enduring negative consequences of these experiences and the role of historical trauma in contributing to present day disparities in well-being.

Power, resistance and Spanish Residential School

Jansen, Rebecca.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
This thesis explores the relationship between exercises of disciplinary power and acts of resistance as they relate to the negotiation of identities at Spanish Residential School between the years of 1878 and 1930. The school itself, originally Wikwemikong Industrial School, was administered by the Jesuits and the Daughters of the Heart of Mary and relocated to Spanish, Ontario in 1913. Various archival and printed sources have been used to reveal methods of disciplinary power that administrators used to reshape the Aboriginal students. However, despite their incessant efforts, the administrators of Spanish Residential School did not succeed in completely reforming their pupils. The documentary record, then, also suggests that students at Spanish Residential School, although confined in a very oppressive institution, creatively used opportunities to alter their circumstances.

Schools Count : World Bank Project Designs and the Quality of African Primary Education

Heneveld, Ward; Craig, Helen
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
The conceptual framework developed for this study used the review of the literature to identify eighteen key factors that influence student outcomes. The factors are divided into four inter-related categories that are themselves influenced by the institutional, cultural, political, and economic context surrounding the school. Within this context, the supporting inputs flow into each school where interaction among the enabling conditions, school climate, and teaching/learning process combine to produce student outcomes. The report concludes that investment programs for primary education in Africa need to accelerate the trend towards a greater focus on what happens inside schools, towards an even richer package of considerations of what makes education successful at the school level, and towards sectoral policies that empower schools and communities to control better the education of their children. The analysis of the Bank-supported projects leads to two major conclusions. First, the project designs analyzed address an array of inputs that are known to affect educational outcomes: community support...

Essays on economics of school and residential choices.

Treewanchai, Sinad
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.65%
This thesis studies school and residential choices when private schooling is available and attending a public school is free of charge but requires a residence in the school attendance zone. Each of the three chapters focuses on different issues. The first chapter develops a model of competition between neighbourhood (public) schools and private schools. A model is presented in which a school’s quality is determined by the average ability of the student body. Private schools set their own tuition and admission policies to attract particular types of students. All schools are equally effective in providing any given school quality. The theoretical results show that in equilibrium private schools cream skim relatively richer and higher ability students and produce higher school qualities than public schools even though neighbourhood schools also generate segregation among public school students. A policy implication is that price subsidisation to private schooling would intensify the cream-skimming problem in this environment. This is likely to worsen the welfare of students who are left in the public sector as public schools lose relatively higher ability students to the private sector. The second chapter argues, by developing a simple multiple jurisdiction model...

Academic Peer Effects with Different Group Assignment Policies : Residential Tracking versus Random Assignment

Garlick, Robert
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
This paper studies the relative academic performance of students tracked or randomly assigned to South African university dormitories. Tracked or streamed assignment creates dormitories where all students obtained similar scores on high school graduation examinations. Random assignment creates dormitories that are approximately representative of the population of students. Tracking lowers students' mean grades in their first year of university and increases the variance or inequality of grades. This result is driven by a large negative effect of tracking on low-scoring students' grades and a near-zero effect on high-scoring students' grades. Low-scoring students are more sensitive to changes in their peer group composition and their grades suffer if they live only with low-scoring peers. In this setting, residential tracking has undesirable efficiency (lower mean) and equity (higher variance) effects. The result isolates a pure peer effect of tracking, whereas classroom tracking studies identify a combination of peer effects and differences in teacher behavior across tracked and untracked classrooms. The negative pure peer effect of residential tracking suggests that classroom tracking may also have negative effects unless teachers are more effective in homogeneous classrooms. Random variation in peer group composition under random dormitory assignment also generates peer effects. Living with higher-scoring peers increases students' grades and the effect is larger for low-scoring students. This is consistent with the aggregate effects of tracking relative to random assignment. However...

ASSIMILATION THROUGH INCARCERATION: THE GEOGRAPHIC IMPOSITION OF CANADIAN LAW OVER INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

Jacobs, Madelaine Christine
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
The disproportionate incarceration of indigenous peoples in Canada is far more than a socio-economic legacy of colonialism. The Department of Indian Affairs (DIA) espoused incarceration as a strategic instrument of assimilation. Colonial consciousness could not reconcile evolving indigenous identities with projects of state formation founded on the epistemological invention of populating idle land with productive European settlements. The 1876 Indian Act instilled a stubborn, albeit false, categorization deep within the structures of the Canadian state: “Indian,” ward of the state. From “Indian” classification conferred at birth, the legal guardianship of the state was so far-reaching as to make it akin to the control of incarcerated inmates. As early iterations of the DIA sought to enforce the legal dominion of the state, “Indians” were quarantined on reserves until they could be purged of indigenous identities that challenged colonial hegemony. Reserve churches, council houses, and schools were symbolic markers as well as practical conveyors of state programs. Advocates of Christianity professed salvation and taught a particular idealized morality as prerequisites to acceptable membership in Canadian society. Agricultural instructors promoted farming as a transformative act in the individual ownership of land. Alongside racializing religious edicts and principles of stewardship...

Exploring the effects of European/Aboriginal interactions on Aboriginal History, Identity, and Culture

Kelcey, Janelle; Moroney, Alison
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Outros
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
This resource pack takes students through the history of the interaction between Canada’s Aboriginal people and European colonists. Students will appraise the significance of Louis Riel from different perspectives, assess the authenticity of various treaties and place the Oka Crisis into its historical context before making judgments. They will also track the changes and constants in regards to Aboriginal title in the 20th century, assemble causes and assess consequences of the reservation system in Canada, and consider how to respond to past injustices in terms of residential schools.; Historical thinking resource pack of 6 history lesson plans for Queen's University Faculty of Education B.Ed. course: Intermediate-Senior History.

From Old Mould to Functional Gold: The Adaptive Reuse of Surplus Heritage Schools in Hamilton, Ontario

Hutton, Shwaan
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
This report examines the characteristics that hinder or facilitate the success of a surplus school to residential conversion in Hamilton, Ontario. This topic is especially relevant as many of the city's schools are likely to be declared surplus in the coming years, a number of which represent unique heritage building stock. The value in examining the completed adaptive school reuse projects in the city is that it can provide valuable insight into how the process currently functions and how it can be improved upon.

Artful places: creativity and colonialism in British Columbia's Indian residential schools

De Leeuw, Sarah
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2448949 bytes; application/pdf
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.67%
Residential schools for Aboriginal children were a primary site of negotiations between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous subjects. These schools, and the records of peoples who occupied them, provide opportunities to better understand colonialism in British Columbia. Residential schools were places created to transform Aboriginal children, through assimilation, into a modernizing and colonial society. They are simultaneously places that offer access to Indigenous articulations of self and Indigeneity, expressions of resistance, and exertions of agency. Cultural products created by children in residential schools, particularly creative art products, allow us to visualize and understand Indigenous response to and evasions of colonial education. When taken together with Aboriginal peoples’ testimonies about the residential school experience, and with colonial records of the schools’ intents, children’s creative materials and expressions allow some access to the complex places that constituted the cultural geography of colonialism in British Columbia.; Thesis (Ph.D, Geography) -- Queen's University, 2007-09-28 12:31:18.229

The Biopolitics of Indigenous Reproduction: Colonial Discourse and the Overrepresentation of Indigenous Children in the Canadian Child Welfare System

LANDERTINGER, LAURA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
From its inception, Canada's 'Indian policy' has sought to undermine the bond between indigenous children and their communities. Each era has seen a new reason and corresponding tactic to remove indigenous children. They have been institutionalized in residential schools, placed in foster homes, provincial 'care' facilities, and adopted by Euro-Canadian families. While it is widely accepted that the forceful removal of indigenous children during the residential school era and the "Sixties Scoop" was a colonial strategy, contemporary child welfare practices seem to escape the same scrutiny. This seems to be the case even though indigenous children continue to be removed en masse and are vastly overrepresented in the Canadian child welfare system. Indeed, there are more indigenous children in 'care' today than ever before in Canadian history, including the residential school era and following the "Sixties Scoop". Given these trends the colonial effect of contemporary child welfare practices seems evident. This project thus seeks to problematize child welfare practices in relation to indigenous peoples. In particular, it is the aim of this thesis to shed light on some of the narratives that underlie these practices. Through a critical discourse analysis this thesis illuminates how news media in Alberta and Manitoba disseminate controlling images of indigenous peoples and their children. I argue that the discourses in both provinces normalize the removal of indigenous children while naturalizing colonial control.; Thesis (Master...

Planning for the memorialisation of the Indian Residential School System: A case study of the Woodland Cultural Centre, Brantford, Ontario

Hovey, Christina
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.63%
This research examines the process of memorialisation around the Indian Residential School System in Canada to draw connections between the fields of transitional justice and professional urban planning. For over a century, government and churches in Canada operated a system of residential schools that removed Indigenous children from their families and communities. Today, many Indigenous communities struggle with the intergenerational impacts of this system, and as a society we are attempting to heal the damaged relationships that have resulted. This research presents a comparative case study of two processes of memorialisation surrounding the residential school system. Through site observations, interviews, and analyses of documents, this research examines the transformation and memorialisation of the Mohawk Institute, a former residential school, into the Woodland Cultural Centre, a First Nations-run centre located in Brantford, Ontario. I compare this example with the national Commemoration Fund, set out in the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement (2006), which settled lawsuits filed by residential school survivors against the federal government of Canada and several church organisations. This research underlines some tensions inherent in memorialising the human rights abuses experienced in the residential schools. A significant difficulty is establishing balance between leaving ownership of stories of the residential school experiences with survivors...

"Breaking the Silence: International conference on the Indian residential schools commission of Canada" ; "Briser le silence: Colloque international sur la commission de vérité et de réconciliation sur les pensionnats indiens".

Participants of the "Breaking the Silence" Conference
Fonte: Centre de recherche en éthique de l'UdeM (CRÉUM) Publicador: Centre de recherche en éthique de l'UdeM (CRÉUM)
Tipo: Enregistrement, oral / Recording, oral
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.54%
This is the full audio recording of the "Breaking the silence : International conference on the Indian residential schools commission of Canada" that took place at the University of Montreal on September 26-27, 2008. Enregistrement audio complets du colloque "Briser le silence" sur la Commission de vérité et de réconciliation sur les pensionnats indiens, ayant eu lieu à Montréal les 26 et 27 septembre 2008.; Centre de recherche en éthique de l'Université de Montréal (CRÉUM), Centre on Value and Ethics of Carleton University (COVE), Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada - Commission de vérité et de réconciliation sur les pensionnats indiens du Canada

On-site HIV testing in residential drug treatment units: results of a nationwide survey.

Strauss, Shiela M.; Des Jarlais, Don C.; Astone, Janetta; Vassilev, Zdravko P.
Fonte: Association of Schools of Public Health Publicador: Association of Schools of Public Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
OBJECTIVE: Residential drug treatment units are uniquely situated to provide HIV testing and counseling to their patients. This article examines the extent to which residential drug treatment units in the United States provide HIV testing on-site, and identifies organizational and institutional characteristics that differentiate units in which on-site HIV testing is available from those in which it is not. METHODS: The analyses use data collected in telephone interviews with unit managers from a random nationwide sample (N = 138) of residential drug treatment units in 2001. RESULTS: About half (48.6%) of the residential drug treatment units made HIV testing available to their patients on-site. Residential units were significantly more likely to make on-site testing available if they were larger (i.e., had a greater number of patients treated each month or had a greater number of staff that provided direct patient services) and if they were publicly rather than privately owned. Provision of on-site HIV testing was significantly correlated with having a medical orientation, i.e., with being operated by a hospital, with the unit viewing itself as patients' primary medical provider, or with providing medical care to the patients either on-site or at another part of the same treatment agency. CONCLUSION: In view of the critical importance of HIV testing for individuals who use illicit drugs and the existence of a simplified testing protocol involving saliva samples (eliminating the need for phlebotomy)...

How Much do Public Schools Really Cost? Estimating the Relationship between House Prices and School Quality

Davidoff, Ian; Leigh, Andrew
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
This paper investigates the relationship between housing prices and the quality of public schools in the Australian Capital Territory. To disentangle the effects of schools and other neighbourhood characteristics on the value of residential properties, we

The anglican church of Canada and the Indian residential schools: a meaning-centred analysis of the long road to apology

Woods, Eric Taylor
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.61%
The Canadian residential school system, which operated from the 1880s until the 1970s, was a church-state enterprise designed to assimilate Aboriginal children into Euro-Canadian culture and was characterized by poor sanitation and widespread abuse. Recently, it has been the object of the most significant and most successful struggle for redress in Canadian history. However, for most of its long history, the many failings of the residential school system went unacknowledged by the organizations formerly involved in its operation. In this thesis, I seek to explain why. In doing so, I provide a framework for further study on the residential schools and on comparable cases. To resolve my question, I conduct a comparative historical analysis of the Anglican Church of Canada, which was formerly an important partner in the operation of the residential schools. My data is drawn from a wide range of archival material. My analysis is framed by a meaningcentred approach to social behaviour referred to as the Strong Program. In sum, I argue that the initial meaning of the school system as a sacred enterprise hindered acknowledgement of its failings. For the church to acknowledge the failings of the residential schools...