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Traineeship in Lenitudes Medical Center & Research : quality management; Estágio na Lenitudes Medical Center & Research : gestão da qualidade

Gomes, Catarina Martins
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
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This document aims to describe a traineeship developed in the healthcare unit Lenitudes Medical Center & Research, located in Santa Maria da Feira, which had a duration of 10 months, following the process of construction, opening and start functioning of this new health facility. The academic training provided during module courses of the Master Degree in Pharmaceutical Biomedicine allowed the development of knowledge and skills in the areas of Clinical Research, Regulatory and Medical Devices Development and Quality Management which have been put into practice during this experience. The traineeship focused, essentially, on topics related to quality management, respective documentation and development processes of its system, with the objective to outline future strategies for this clinic’s accreditation and certification. During this traineeship, I additionally developed multidisciplinary activities related to search, organization of medical devices’ budgets and selection and, also, some initial processes regarding clinical research. The traineeship has proved very enriching and unique, having enabled the development of new professional, personal and social skills.; O presente documento pretende descrever um estágio curricular realizado na clínica Lenitudes Medical Center & Research...

Academic achievement in public higher education quality – A study on the effects of teachers’ commitment, teaching and evaluation methodologies in Nursing and Management degrees students.

Fialho, Isabel; Saragoça, José; Rebelo, Hugo; Cid, Marília; Oliveira, Maria; Bonito, Jorge; Candeias, Adelinda; Trindade, Vítor
Fonte: Athens Institute for Education Publicador: Athens Institute for Education
Tipo: Parte de Livro
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The huge development of science and technology and the political, social and economic changes that characterize post-modern societies, demand from education systems a quality formation for all citizens. The great challenge of the XXI century in education is not only to ensure the acquisition of a range of varied and current competencies, but also to guarantee the quality of learning. Therefore, the quality of education is a major concern to governments, politicians, academics and researchers and has been an issue widely discussed in scientific meetings and studied in several education research programs in different countries in the Western world. The results of research on education quality show a positive correlation between students’ academic performance and education quality. However, we must go further, it is necessary to research quality indicators, to understand how students perceive education quality. In order to achieve these goals, we developed an exploratory study with students from different higher education institutions in Portugal. Data sampling consists in students of different courses of higher education in Alentejo (Portugal). Data collection was conducted through a survey questionnaire. This work presents the analysis of students’ representations of quality...

Evaluation of the implementation of a quality system in a basic research laboratory: viability and impacts

Fraga,Hilda Carolina de Jesus Rios; Fukutani,Kiyoshi Ferreira; Celes,Fabiana Santana; Barral,Aldina Maria Prado; Oliveira,Camila Indiani de
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the process of implementing a quality management system in a basic research laboratory of a public institution, particularly considering the feasibility and impacts of this improvement. METHODS: This was a prospective and qualitative study. We employed the norm "NIT DICLA 035 - Princípios das Boas Práticas de Laboratório (BPL)" and auxiliary documents of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development to complement the planning and implementation of a Quality System, in a basic research laboratory. In parallel, we used the PDCA tool to define the goals of each phase of the implementation process. RESULTS: This study enabled the laboratory to comply with the NIT DICLA 035 norm and to implement this norm during execution of a research study. Accordingly, documents were prepared and routines were established such as the registration of non-conformities, traceability of research data and equipment calibration. CONCLUSION: The implementation of a quality system, the setting of a laboratory focused on basic research is feasible once certain structural changes are made. Importantly, impacts were noticed during the process, which could be related to several improvements in the laboratory routine.

The measurement and assessment of quality in agricultural research institutionS.

Fonte: Scientometrics, v.28, n.2, p.159-182, 1993. Publicador: Scientometrics, v.28, n.2, p.159-182, 1993.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
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We present the measure of quality introduced by the review team of Embrapa to evaluate its research projects. The quality measurement scheme comprises four different dimensions (External Validity, Internal Validity, Institutional Adequacy, and Formal Adequacy). The quality measurements are used as dependent variables in a multivariate effort to identify important factors necessary to improve overall as well as specific quality aspects.; 1993

The status of water quality in Cruz Bay and Chocolate Hole, St. John; Status of water quality in Cruz Bay and Chocolate Hole, St. John

Grigg, David I; VanEepoel, Robert P; Caribbean Research Institute
Fonte: Caribbean Research Institute ( Christiansted, USVI ) Publicador: Caribbean Research Institute ( Christiansted, USVI )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 4, 6 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.
Publicado em //1971 ENGLISH
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At head of title: Government of the Virgin Islands, Department of Health, Division of Environmental Health, Water pollution report, contracted by Caribbean Research Institute, College of the Virgin Islands.; "January, 1971 (2nd printing, June 1971)."; (Statement of Responsibility) David I. Grigg and Robert P. vanEepoel.

Water quality and environmental status of Benner Bay-Mangrove Lagoon, St. Thomas

Grigg, David I; VanEepoel, Robert P. ( joint author ); Brody, Robert W. ( joint author ); Caribbean Research Institute
Fonte: Caribbean Research Institute ( Christiansted, St. Croix, V.I. ) Publicador: Caribbean Research Institute ( Christiansted, St. Croix, V.I. )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 42 ℓ. : ; 28 cm.
Publicado em //1971 ENGLISH
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(Statement of Responsibility) By David I. Grigg, Robert P. VanEepoel and Robert W. Brody.; (Bibliography) Bibliography: p. 39-40.; At head of title: Contracted by: Caribbean Research Institute. College of the Virgin Islands.

Quality of Australian clinical guidelines and relevance to the care of older people with multiple morbid conditions

Vitry, A.; Zhang, Y.
Fonte: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd Publicador: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
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Objective: To assess the quality of Australian clinical guidelines for chronic diseases and their relevance to older people with multiple comorbid conditions. Design: Selection and assessment of national clinical guidelines for chronic conditions listed as National Health Priority Areas: cardiovascular health, diabetes mellitus, mental health, asthma, arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions, and cancer. Main outcome measures: Standardised mean scores obtained with the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument (criteria grouped into six domains: scope and purpose; stakeholder involvement; rigour of development; clarity and presentation; applicability; and editorial independence). Relevance of guidelines for older people with multiple comorbid conditions. Results: 17 guidelines were included in the study. Guidelines approved by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) scored significantly better than those not approved by the NHMRC in all domains except for editorial independence and clarity and presentation. The mean quality of guidelines not approved by the NHMRC was below 50% in all domains except clarity and presentation. Half of the guidelines addressed treatment for older patients or for patients with one comorbid condition...

FIRE (Facilitating Implementation of Research Evidence): a study protocol

Seers, K.; Cox, K.; Crichton, N.; Edwards, R.; Eldh, A.; Estabrooks, C.; Harvey, G.; Hawkes, C.; Kitson, A.; Linck, P.; McCarthy, G.; McCormack, B.; Mockford, C.; Rycroft-Malone, J.; Titchen, A.; Wallin, L.
Fonte: BioMed Central Ltd Publicador: BioMed Central Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
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BACKGROUND: Research evidence underpins best practice, but is not always used in healthcare. The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS) framework suggests that the nature of evidence, the context in which it is used, and whether those trying to use evidence are helped (or facilitated) affect the use of evidence. Urinary incontinence has a major effect on quality of life of older people, has a high prevalence, and is a key priority within European health and social care policy. Improving continence care has the potential to improve the quality of life for older people and reduce the costs associated with providing incontinence aids. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to advance understanding about the contribution facilitation can make to implementing research findings into practice via: extending current knowledge of facilitation as a process for translating research evidence into practice; evaluating the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of two different models of facilitation in promoting the uptake of research evidence on continence management; assessing the impact of contextual factors on the processes and outcomes of implementation; and implementing a pro-active knowledge transfer and dissemination strategy to diffuse study findings to a wide policy and practice community. SETTING AND SAMPLE: Four European countries...

Altmetrics: A 21st Century Solution to Determining Research Quality

Konkiel, Stacy
Fonte: Information Today, Inc. Publicador: Information Today, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The number of academic articles published annually has risen exponentially in the past decade, making our jobs as librarians ever more challenging as we assist patrons in finding exactly what it is that they are looking for. At the same time, traditional measures of research quality such as the journal impact factor and citation counts have been called into question for being unreliable and slow to accumulate. Though these measures have helped librarians filter for quality content in the past, they show weakness when applied to the rapidly evolving scholarly publication marketplace. Neither can be easily applied to non-traditional scholarly outputs such as working papers, technical reports, data sets, or conference presentations. We have also recently seen a rise in Open Access (OA) publications, which make research easier to access than ever before. Megajournals such as PLOS ONE and Sage Open publish more articles in a day than some journals do in a year. The sheer volume of available scholarship is enough to make one???s head spin. Given these challenges, how can librarians help patrons access what they seek while at the same time make our own jobs easier as we sift through the ever-rising sands of available scholarship? Enter altmetrics...


Benjumea,Carmen de la Cuesta
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 EN
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ABSTRACTThe objective of this paper is to emphasize the importance of quality in the research process instead of its valuation afterwards, an issue the literature has given extensive attention to. In addition, it is a reflection on the debate about the quality of qualitative research and presents the assessment of quality as a situated practice. Reflexivity is presented not as a criterion to assess the research quality but as an instrument to achieve it. There are three characteristics of qualitative research that researchers need to pay reflexive attention to. The first is that qualitative studies deal with human experiences; the second that these experiences are subjective; and the third that qualitative knowledge is ideographic and constructed during the study. Beyond these characteristics, issues are signaled that are constantly repeated in the studies and that unknowingly are a threat to their quality are addressed in this paper.

Identificación de la calidad en las publicaciones de investigación educativa: proyecto europeo sobre los indicadores de calidad en la investigación educativa (EERQI); Identification of quality in educational research publications: the european educational research quality indicators (EERQI) project

Gogolin, Ingrid
Fonte: Universidade de Múrcia Publicador: Universidade de Múrcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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The EERQI project was motivated by the fact that the international notion of scientific quality as being the main determinant on which research is funded and supported may cause undesired side effects, if the questions of how quality is interpreted and how it is measured are not adequately answered. Current instruments for 'measuring' quality via citation counting and similar methods do cause such side effects, as they are strongly biased and largely inadequate for research in the Social Sciences and Humanities. The EERQI project developed an approach to detect the quality of research texts - with educational research serving as model case for Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) - by applying an intelligent combination of different approaches that complement each other. This is what we call the EERQI Prototype Framework. It consists of products and methods that can serve as alternatives in processes of assessment of quality in SSH research. The possibility of multilingual assistance of assessment processed by EERQI's multilingual search engine and automatic semantic analysis are tailor-made for strengthening the European research space. The EERQI products and methods consist of: - A content base with educational research texts in four European languages that were exemplary included in the EERQI project: English...

Why do institutions of higher education reward research while selling education?

Remler, Dahlia K.; Pema, Elda
Fonte: National Bureau of Economic Research Publicador: National Bureau of Economic Research
Tipo: Livro
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Higher education institutions and disciplines that traditionally did little research now reward faculty largely based on research, both funded and unfunded. Some worry that faculty devoting more time to research harms teaching and thus harms students' human capital accumulation. The economics literature has largely ignored the reasons for and desirability of this trend. We summarize, review, and extend existing theories of higher education to explain why incentives for unfunded research have increased. One theory is that researchers more effectively teach higher order skills and therefore increase student human capital more than non-researchers. In contrast, according to signaling theory, education is not intrinsically productive but only a signal that separates high- and low-ability workers. We extend this theory by hypothesizing that researchers make higher education more costly for low-ability students than do non-research faculty, achieving the separation more efficiently. We describe other theories, including research quality as a proxy for hard-to-measure teaching quality and barriers to entry. Virtually no evidence exists to test these theories or establish their relative magnitudes. Research is needed, particularly to address what employers seek from higher education graduates and to assess the validity of current measures of teaching quality.

Average evaluation intensity: a quality-oriented indicator for the evaluation of research performance

Wu, Zhiqiang
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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A variety of indicators have been created to measure the research performance of journals, scientists, and institutions. There has been a long-running debate on the use of indicators based on citation counts to measure research quality. The key argument is that using indicators based on raw citation counts to evaluate research quality lacks measurement validity. Traditional reference formats do not present any quality related evaluations of the citing authors toward their references. It can be argued that the strength of peer evaluation to a research output, which is taken to represent its quality, is the elementary unit in the evaluation and comparison of research performance. A good candidate for evaluating a piece of research is a researcher who cites the research and knows it well. By accumulating different citing authors' evaluations of their references based on a uniform evaluation scheme and synthesizing the evaluations into a single indicator, the qualities of research works, scientists, journals, research groups, and institutions in different disciplines can be assessed and compared. A method consisting of three components is proposed: a reference evaluation scheme, a new reference format, and a new indicator, called the average evaluation intensity. This method combines the advantages of citation count analysis...

The library’s role in the quality and excellence in higher education: a Portuguese case study

Pinto, Maria João; Fernandes, Sofia
Fonte: National Hellenic Research Foundation, 2011. 6 p. Publicador: National Hellenic Research Foundation, 2011. 6 p.
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2011 ENG
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This paper aims to present the work done by a library of higher education in the promotion of research and knowledge. They are the identified projects, initiatives, strategies and methodologies adopted in the creation of value added services provided, particularly with regard to teaching and research community. The major objective relates to the specific demonstration of how the skills of information can be exploited and profited for collaboration in the organization's mission through a study case.

Corporate data quality management in context

Lucas, Ana
Fonte: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Information Quality Publicador: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Information Quality
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2010 ENG
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Presently, we are well aware that poor quality data is costing large amounts of money to corporations all over the world. Nevertheless, little research has been done about the way Organizations are dealing with data quality management and the strategies they are using. This work aims to find some answers to the following questions: which business drivers motivate the organizations to engage in a data quality management initiative?, how do they implement data quality management? and which objectives have been achieved, so far? Due to the kind of research questions involved, a decision was made to adopt the use of multiple exploratory case studies as research strategy [32]. The case studies were developed in a telecommunications company (MyTelecom), a public bank (PublicBank) and in the central bank (CentralBank) of one European Union Country. The results show that the main drivers to data quality (DQ) initiatives were the reduction in non quality costs, risk management, mergers, and the improvement of the company's image among its customers, those aspects being in line with literature [7, 8, 20]. The commercial corporations (MyTelecom and PublicBank) began their DQ projects with customer data, this being in accordance with literature [18]...

A Randomised, Cross-Over, Placebo-Controlled Study of Aloe vera in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Effects on Patient Quality of Life

Hutchings, H. A.; Wareham, K.; Baxter, J. N.; Atherton, P.; Kingham, J. G. C.; Duane, P.; Thomas, L.; Thomas, M.; Ch'ng, C. L.; Williams, J. G.
Fonte: International Scholarly Research Network Publicador: International Scholarly Research Network
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Background. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic, difficult to treat condition. The efficacy of Aloe vera in treating IBS symptoms is not yet proven. The purpose of this study was to determine if Aloe vera is effective in improving quality of life. Methods. A multicentre, randomised, double-blind, cross-over placebo controlled study design. Patients were randomised to Aloe vera, wash-out, placebo or placebo, washout, Aloe vera. Each preparation (60 mL) was taken orally twice a day. Patient quality of life was measured using the Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Score, Irritable Bowel Syndrome Quality of Life, EuroQol and the Short-Form-12 at baseline and treatment periods 1 and 2. Results. A total of 110 patients were randomised, but only 47 completed all questionnaires and both study arms. Statistical analysis showed no difference between the placebo and Aloe vera treatment in quality of life. Discussion. This study was unable to show that Aloe vera was superior to placebo in improving quality of life. Drop outs and other confounding factors may have impacted on the power of the study to detect a clinically important difference. Conclusion. This study failed to find Aloe vera superior to placebo in improving quality of life proven Irritable Bowel Syndrome patients.

Using a Balanced Approach to Bibliometrics: Quantitative Performance Measures in the Australian Research Quality Framework

Butler, Linda
Fonte: Inter-Research Publicador: Inter-Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Australia is about to move to a new system of distributing government block grants for research among universities, with the introduction of a process similar to Britain's Research Assessment Exercise (RAE). One of the most significant departures from the

Normalization of peer-evaluation measures of group research quality across academic disciplines

Kenna, Ralph; Berche, Bertrand
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Peer-evaluation based measures of group research quality such as the UK's Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), which do not employ bibliometric analyses, cannot directly avail of such methods to normalize research impact across disciplines. This is seen as a conspicuous flaw of such exercises and calls have been made to find a remedy. Here a simple, systematic solution is proposed based upon a mathematical model for the relationship between research quality and group quantity. This model manifests both the Matthew effect and a phenomenon akin to the Ringelmann effect and reveals the existence of two critical masses for each academic discipline: a lower value, below which groups are vulnerable, and an upper value beyond which the dependency of quality on quantity reduces and plateaus appear when the critical masses are large. A possible normalization procedure is then to pitch these plateaus at similar levels. We examine the consequences of this procedure at RAE for a multitude of academic disciplines, corresponding to a range of critical masses.; Comment: 5 figures, each with 2 panels. To appear in the journal Research Evaluation

Quality in action research : reflections for second-order inquiry

Martí Olivé, Joel; Villasante, Tomás R.
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 ENG
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One of the current debates in action research concerns the quality of these practices.Up to now, many contributions have focused on defining specific criteria based on action research epistemology. This article sustains (1) that prior to dealing with these questions, it is necessary to define for what purpose and for whom we are making the evaluation; (2) that this leads us to make a distinction between different evaluation models; and (3) that the quality strategies and criteria will be different for each model.In particular, the article confronts an academic evaluation model as a form of external control over the quality of action research and an internal, participatory evaluation model as a quality strategy aimed at establishing feedback for the process. Final considerations are given about the implications of both models for academia

Website Quality Indicators for Consumers

Griffiths, Kathleen; Christensen, Helen
Fonte: Journal of medical Internet Research Publicador: Journal of medical Internet Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Background: The rating tool DISCERN was designed for use by consumers without content expertise to evaluate the quality of health information. There is some evidence that DISCERN may be a valid indicator of evidence-based website quality when applied by health professionals. However, it is not known if the tool is a valid measure of evidence-based quality when used by consumers. Since it is a lengthy instrument requiring training in its use, DISCERN may prove impractical for use by the typical consumer. It is therefore important to explore the validity of other simpler potential indicators of site quality such as Google PageRank.Objective: This study aimed to determine (1) whether the instrument DISCERN is a valid indicator of evidence-based Web content quality for consumers without specific mental health training, and (2) whether Google PageRank is an indicator of website content quality as measured by an evidence-based gold standard.Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of depression websites using consumer and health professional raters. The main outcome measures were (1) site characteristics, (2) evidence-based quality of content as measured by evidence-based depression guidelines, (3) DISCERN scores, (4) Google PageRank, and (5) user satisfaction.Results: There was a significant association between evidence-based quality ratings and average DISCERN ratings both for consumers (r = 0.62...